Lars von Trier
Lars von Trier is a Danish film director and screenwriter with a prolific and controversial career spanning four decades. His work is known for its technical innovation. Among his more than 100 awards and 200 nominations at film festivals worldwide, von Trier has received: the Palme d'Or, the Grand Prix, the Prix du Jury, the Technical Grand Prize at the Cannes Film Festival. In March 2017, he began filming The House That Jack Built, an English-language serial killer thriller. Von Trier is the founder and shareholder of the international film production company Zentropa Films, which has sold more than 350 million tickets and garnered seven Academy Award nominations over the past 25 years. Von Trier was born in Kongens Lyngby, north of Copenhagen, to Inger Høst and Fritz Michael Hartmann, he received his surname from Høst's husband, Ulf Trier, whom he believed was his biological father until 1989. He studied film theory at the University of Copenhagen and film direction at the National Film School of Denmark.
At 25, he won two Best School Film awards at the Munich International Festival of Film Schools for Nocturne and Last Detail. The same year, he added the German nobiliary particle "von" to his name as a satirical homage to the self-invented titles of directors Erich von Stroheim and Josef von Sternberg, saw his graduation film Images of Liberation released as a theatrical feature. In 1984, The Element of Crime, von Trier's breakthrough film, received twelve awards at seven international festivals including the Technical Grand Prize at Cannes, a nomination for the Palme d'Or; the film's slow, non-linear pace and multi-leveled plot design, dark dreamlike visual effects combine to create an allegory for traumatic European historical events. His next film, was shown at Cannes in the Un Certain Regard section; the film features two story lines that collide: the chronicle of two filmmakers in the midst of developing a new project, a dark science fiction tale of a futuristic plague – the film von Trier and Vørsel are depicted making.
Von Trier has referred to his films as falling into thematic and stylistic trilogies. This pattern began with The Element of Crime, the first of the Europa trilogy, which illuminated traumatic periods in Europe both in the past and the future, it includes The Element of Crime and Europa. Von Trier directed Medea for television, it is based on a screenplay by Carl Th. Dreyer and stars Udo Kier. Trier completed the Europa trilogy in 1991 with Europa, which won the Prix du Jury at the 1991 Cannes Film Festival, picked up awards at other major festivals. In 1990 he directed the music video for the song "Bakerman" by Laid Back; this video was re-used in 2006 by artist Shaun Baker in his remake of the song. Seeking financial independence and creative control over their projects, in 1992 von Trier and producer Peter Aalbæk Jensen founded the film production company Zentropa Entertainment. Named after a fictional railway company in Europa, their most recent film at the time, Zentropa has produced many movies other than Trier's own, as well as several television series.
It has produced hardcore sex films: Constance, Pink Prison, HotMen CoolBoyz, All About Anna. To make money for his newly founded company, von Trier made The Kingdom and The Kingdom II, a pair of miniseries recorded in the Danish national hospital, the name "Riget" being a colloquial name for the hospital known as Rigshospitalet in Danish. A projected third season of the series was derailed by the death in 1998 of Ernst-Hugo Järegård, who played Dr. Helmer, that of Kirsten Rolffes, who played Mrs. Drusse, in 2000, two of the major characters. In 1995 von Trier and Thomas Vinterberg presented their manifesto for a new cinematic movement, which they called Dogme 95; the Dogme 95 concept, which led to international interest in Danish film, inspired filmmakers all over the world. In 2008, together with their fellow Dogme directors Kristian Levring and Søren Kragh-Jacobsen, von Trier and Thomas Vinterberg received the European film award for European Achievement in World Cinema. In 1996 von Trier conducted an unusual theatrical experiment in Copenhagen involving 53 actors, which he titled Psychomobile 1: The World Clock.
A documentary chronicling the project was directed by Jesper Jargil, was released in 2000 with the title De Udstillede. Von Trier achieved his greatest international success with his Golden Heart trilogy; each film in the trilogy is about naive heroines who maintain their "golden hearts" despite the tragedies they experience. This trilogy consists of: Breaking the Waves, The Idiots, Dancer in the Dark. While all three films are sometimes associated with the Dogme 95 movement, only The Idiots is a certified Dogme 95 film. Breaking the Waves, the first film in his Golden Heart trilogy, won the Grand Prix at the Cannes Film Festival and featured Emily Watson, nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress, its grainy images, hand-held photography, pointed towards Dogme 95 but violated several of the manifesto's rules, therefore d
The Great Pumpkin is an unseen holiday figure in the comic strip Peanuts by Charles M. Schulz; the Great Pumpkin is a holiday figure. According to Linus, the Great Pumpkin flies around bringing toys to sincere and believing children on Halloween evening; every year, Linus sits in a pumpkin patch on Halloween night waiting for the Great Pumpkin to appear. Invariably, the Great Pumpkin fails to turn up, but a humiliated yet undefeated Linus stubbornly vows to wait for him again the following Halloween. Linus acknowledges the similarities between the Great Pumpkin and Santa Claus, the existence of which Linus considers to be ambiguous. Charlie Brown attributes Linus's belief in the Great Pumpkin to "denominational differences". Linus is faithful to the belief of the Great Pumpkin creating a Great Pumpkin magazine at one point; the Great Pumpkin was first mentioned by Linus in Peanuts in 1959, but the premise was reworked by Schulz many times throughout the run of the strip, inspired the 1966 animated television special It's the Great Pumpkin, Charlie Brown and had brief mentions in You're Not Elected, Charlie Brown.
It was briefly referenced in The Peanuts Movie, where Linus says he hopes the new kid in town revealed as the Little Red-Haired Girl, would be willing to believe in it. The best-known quote regarding Linus and the Great Pumpkin from the comic strip but made famous by the TV special, is: "There are three things I have learned never to discuss with people: religion and the Great Pumpkin."While Schulz avoided outright politics, he enjoyed his Great Pumpkin strips and enjoyed incorporating religious references in many of his comics and animated cartoons. Peculiarly—given that the Great Pumpkin is believed in only by Linus—the strips of October 29 and November 1, 1961 make mention of reported Great Pumpkin sightings in Connecticut and New Jersey; the Great Pumpkin has been a symbol of strong faith and foolish faith, leading to vastly different interpretations of creator Charles Schulz's own faith. As described in the book on Schulz's religious views, A Charlie Brown Religion, Schulz's views were personal and misinterpreted.
Linus' unshakable belief in the Great Pumpkin, his desire to foster the same belief in others, has been interpreted as a parody of Christian evangelism by some observers. Others have seen Linus' belief in the Great Pumpkin as symbolic of the struggles faced by anyone with beliefs or practices that are not shared by the majority. Still others view Linus' lonely vigils, in the service of a being that may or may not exist and which never makes its presence known in any case, as a metaphor for mankind's basic existential dilemmas. Charles Schulz himself, claimed no motivation beyond the humor of having one of his young characters confuse Halloween with Christmas. In the 1959 sequence of strips in which the Great Pumpkin is first mentioned, for instance, Schulz has Linus suggest that he and the other kids "go out and sing pumpkin carols", something which he asks the trick-or-treating kids in the special itself. College football coach Dee Andros, was known by the nickname "The Great Pumpkin" as head coach and athletic director at Oregon State University in Corvallis.
As the head coach of the orange and black Beavers, Andros had a round physique and wore an orange windbreaker. He was first dubbed with the nickname in 1966 by a member of the Spokane press on Halloween weekend in Pullman, Washington, as his OSU team routed host Washington State's Cougars, 41–13. In the late 1970s, Braniff Airways painted its fleet in bright colors, for visual appeal and marketability; the airline's first 747-200 airliners were delivered painted in a striking shade of orange, causing several air traffic control centers across the USA to welcome the new Braniff acquisitions with the phrase "Welcome, Great Pumpkin". The 1973 Petersen Publications annual, Air Progress: World's Greatest Aircraft, had its chapter devoted to the 747 headed "The Great Pumpkin Lives!" In 1996, Burlington Northern SD60M #9297 was jokingly dubbed the "Great Pumpkin" by employees because of its bold orange paint scheme, one of many prototype paint designs created by the newly formed Burlington Northern and Santa Fe Railway, a merger of Burlington Northern and the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway.
This scheme became the basis for BNSF's "Heritage I" paint design, while the "Great Pumpkin" nickname has stuck among railfans for this particular locomotive. One episode from season 2 was called "It's the Great Pancake, Cleveland Brown". In the opening cameo of "Treehouse of Horror II" the Peanuts gang in Halloween costumes are passing in front of the Simpson house; the final segment of "Treehouse of Horror XIX", called "It's the Grand Pumpkin, Milhouse", is a p
Giordano Bruno (film)
Giordano Bruno is a 1973 Italian biographical-drama film directed by Giuliano Montaldo. The film chronicles the last years of life of the philosopher Giordano Bruno from 1592 to his execution in 1600. Gian Maria Volontè: Giordano Bruno Charlotte Rampling: Fosca Renato Scarpa: Fra' Tragagliolo Mathieu Carrière: Orsini Hans Christian Blech: Sartori Giuseppe Maffioli: Arsenalotto Mark Burns: Bellarmino Massimo Foschi: Fra Celestino Paolo Bonacelli José Quaglio Corrado Gaipa Giordano Bruno on IMDb
Mignon Has Come to Stay
Mignon è partita is a 1988 Italian drama film directed by Francesca Archibugi. The film won five David di Donatello awards for Best New Director, Best Screenplay, Best Actress, Best Supporting Actor and Best Sound; the film centers on a sophisticated young Parisian girl, forced to move to Rome to live with her extended family after her father runs into criminal charges and her mother has a nervous breakdown. Stefania Sandrelli: Laura Jean-Pierre Duriez: Federico Massimo Dapporto: Aldo Micheline Presle: Prof. Girelli Céline Beauvallet: Mignon Leonardo Ruta: Giorgio Daniele Zaccaria: Tommaso Francesca Antonelli: Chiara Mignon Has Come to Stay on IMDb
With Closed Eyes
With Eyes Close is a 1994 Italian drama film written and directed by Francesca Archibugi. It is based on the novel with the same name written by Federigo Tozzi. For his performance Marco Messeri won the Nastro d'Argento for best supporting actor. Debora Caprioglio: Ghisola, adult Marco Messeri: Domenico Stefania Sandrelli: Anna Alessia Fugardi: Ghisola, young age Gabriele Bocciarelli: Pietro, young age Ángela Molina: Rebecca Fabio Modesti: Pietro, adult Sergio Castellitto: Alberto Margarita Lozano: Masa Laura Betti: Beatrice Nada: singer With Closed Eyes on IMDb
Galileo (1968 film)
Galileo is a 1968 Italian-Bulgarian biographical drama film directed by Liliana Cavani. It depicts the life of Galileo Galilei and his clash with the Catholic Church regarding the interpretation of his astronomical observations with the newly invented telescope. In 1597, the scientist Galileo Galilei meets the philosopher Giordano Bruno, author of treatises that upset the Church for their extreme accuracy on the nature of the world. In fact the period is that of the oppressor and the Counter-Reformation and Bruno having worsened his relations with the Church, is unjustly tried and condemned to the stake. Meanwhile, Galileo discovers the telescope, a gift from a friend, perfects its potential. Thanks to it, therefore the scientist makes his first experiments on the stars and began to write his treatises, but the new Pope Urbano VIII and his beloved cardinal discover these theories, find them heretical and order the scientist to recant publicly. Cyril Cusack as Galileo Galilei Georgi Kaloyanchev as Giordano Bruno Nevena Kokanova as Marina Nikolay Doychev as Cardinal Bellarmino Gheorghi Cerkelov as Paolo Sarpi Piero Vida as Pope Urban VIII Gigi Ballista as Dominican Commissioner Paolo Graziosi as Gian Lorenzo Bernini Maia Dragomaska as the Galilei's daughter Lou Castel as the young monk of the Vatican Giulio Brogi as Sagredo Galileo was released in 2010 as a Region 2 DVD.
A Region 1 DVD has not been released. Galileo is a 1975 English language film based on Bertolt Brecht's play Life of Galileo. See the article by Cristina Olivotto and Antonella Testa for a comparison of the 1968 and 1975 films. Galileo on IMDb
The Sleazy Uncle
Lo zio indegno is a 1989 Italian comedy film directed by Franco Brusati. Vittorio Gassman was awarded a Nastro d'Argento Best Actor for his portrayal of Uncle Luca. Vittorio Gassman: Uncle Luca Giancarlo Giannini: Riccardo Andréa Ferréol: Teresa Kim Rossi Stuart: Andrea Beatrice Palme: La Chanteuse Simona Cavallari: Marina Stefania Sandrelli: Isabella Caterina Boratto The Sleazy Uncle on IMDb