CHEX-TV-2, UHF analogue channel 22, is a low-powered Global owned-and-operated television station licensed to Oshawa, Ontario and serving the Regional Municipality of Durham. The station is owned by Corus Entertainment. CHEX-TV-2's studios are located on Simcoe Street in Downtown Oshawa, its transmitter is located on Enfield Road in Clarington; the station is carried in Oshawa on Rogers Cable channel 12. CHEX-TV-2 was a CBC Television affiliate until August 31, 2015, when it became an affiliate of CTV. On August 14, 2018, it was announced that CHEX-TV-2's affiliation agreement with CTV would expire on August 27. Although operating as a separate station from Peterborough sister station CHEX-DT, it retains the CHEX-TV-2 callsign used when the station operated as a rebroadcaster of CHEX. Oshawa, although larger in population than Peterborough, had not been granted a television station in the original channel assignments issued during the 1950s. Instead, the city was folded into the Toronto market.
CHEX-TV-2 signed on the air in 1992, when CBC Television affiliate CHEX-TV in Peterborough began relaying its programming on a new rebroadcast transmitter in Oshawa. In 1993, the Oshawa transmitter became a semi-satellite with some slight differences in local programming. In 2004, the station relaunched as a full-fledged station with a different schedule; the station remained affiliated with CBC despite the fact its signal overlaps with that of the network's Toronto owned-and-operated station CBLT-DT. On May 20, 2015, Corus and Bell Media announced an agreement whereby Corus' CBC affiliates, including CHEX-TV-2, would leave the public network and instead affiliate with CTV; the affiliation switch took effect on August 31, 2015. Due to the overlapping coverage discussed above, most TV service providers serving the region carry CBLT, any that do not will have to add a CBC affiliate such as CBLT to their basic services in order to comply with Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission regulations.
CTV served the CHEX-TV-2 viewing area through its Toronto O&O CFTO-DT. However, CHEX-TV-2 provided exclusive terrestrial coverage of CTV programming in most of the Durham Region and Toronto's east side, as CFTO's digital signal on VHF channel 9 is nulled to the east; the switch was approved by the CRTC on August 27, 2015, when it dismissed objections by Rogers Media and by a resident who complained that as he only received television over the air, he would lose his ability to receive CBC Television as a result of the disaffiliation. CHEX-TV-2's affiliation with CTV was described as a "program supply agreement," and not as an "affiliation", as Corus maintained editorial control over the stations' programming and the ability to sell local advertising, did not delegate responsibility for CTV programs aired by the station to Bell Media. During its period as a CTV affiliate, most of the CTV Television programs broadcast by CHEX-TV-2 included the network's daytime programming, as well as primetime and weekend programs—the rest of the station's schedule was filled with syndicated shows and local programming.
As with CHEX-TV in Peterborough, due to the station's overlapping coverage area with CBLT, CHEX-TV-2 was used during the early 2010s as an overflow for Hockey Night in Canada of the Stanley Cup Playoffs, airing alternate games that were streamed via the CBC Sports website, providing an option for viewers in the Greater Toronto Area that wished to see the secondary game without resorting to Internet streaming. This practice ended following the 2014 Stanley Cup playoffs, as the CBC's rights are now sub-licensed from Rogers Media and any conflicting games are reassigned to other Sportsnet channels. CHEX-TV-2's current local programs include Global Durham News, a series of newscasts that air weekdays at 5 p.m. 7 p.m. and 11:00 p.m. Also, CHEX-TV-2 simulcasts other newscasts from CHEX, as well as Global News at 5:30 and 6 from Global Toronto. On September 6, 2016, CHEX-DT, CHEX-TV-2 and CKWS-DT in Kingston began airing Global National at 5:30 p.m. as well as simulcasting The Morning Show from CIII-DT in Toronto.
The station was rebranded as Global Durham on October 31, 2016, although entertainment programming was still supplied from CTV until August 27, 2018. The use of the Global news programming and name is despite the duplication from the coverage of CIII's Toronto signal; as a result, CHEX-TV-2 did not carry any of CTV's news shows during its time with the network, including the flagship newscast CTV National News and the national morning show Your Morning, as both shows can be seen on CFTO, as well as CTV News Channel, on both the CTV and CTV News websites. Today, the station carries the entire Global schedule, with the only exception being the soap oper
Global Television Network
The Global Television Network is a owned Canadian English-language terrestrial television network. It is Canada's second most-watched private terrestrial television network after CTV, has fifteen owned-and-operated stations throughout the country. Global is owned by Corus Entertainment — the media holdings of JR Shaw and other members of his family. Global has its origins in a regional television station of the same name, serving Southern Ontario, which launched in 1974; the Ontario station was soon purchased by the now-defunct CanWest Global Communications, that company expanded its national reach in the subsequent decades through both acquisitions and new station launches, building up a quasi-network of independent stations, known as the CanWest Global System, until the stations were unified under the Ontario station's branding in 1997. The network has its origins in NTV, a new network first proposed in 1966 by Hamilton media proprietor Ken Soble, the co-founder and owner of independent station CHCH-TV through his Niagara Television company.
Financially backed by Power Corporation of Canada, Soble submitted a brief to the Board of Broadcast Governors in 1966 proposing a national satellite-fed network. Under the plan, Soble's company would launch Canada's first broadcast satellite, would use it to relay the programming of CHCH to 96 new transmitters across Canada. Soble died in December of that year. Soble had formulated the plan after failing in a bid to acquire CTV; the original proposal was criticized on various grounds, including claims that it exceeded the board's concentration of media ownership limits and that it was overly ambitious and financially unsustainable. As well, it failed to include any plan for local news content on any of its individual stations beyond the metropolitan Toronto and Vancouver markets. By 1968, NTV put forward its first official license application, under which the original 96 transmitters would be supplemented by 43 more transmitters to distribute a separate French language service, along with provisions for the free distribution of CBC Television, Radio-Canada and a new noncommercial educational television service on the network's satellite.
Transponder space would be leased to CTV and Télé-Métropole, but as competing commercial services they would not have been granted the free distribution rights the plan offered to the public television services. However, after federal communications minister Paul Hellyer announced plans to move forward with the publicly owned Anik series of broadcast satellites through Telesat Canada instead of leaving the rollout of satellite technology in the hands of private corporations, Power Corporation backed out of the application and left NTV in limbo. Bruner was fired from Niagara Television in 1969, purportedly because his passion to rescue the network application was leading him to neglect his other duties with the company's existing media operations, he put together another investment team to form Global Communications, which carried the network application forward thereafter. By 1970, the Canadian Radio and Television Commission had put out a formal call for "third" stations in several major cities.
Global Communications put forward a revised application under which the network would launch with transmitters only in Ontario, as an interim step toward the eventual buildout of the entire network envisioned by Soble. Because Niagara Television and CHCH were no longer involved in the proposal, the 1970 application requested a license to launch a new station in Toronto as the chain's flagship; the network license was approved by the CRTC on July 21, 1972. The group was granted a six-transmitter network in Southern Ontario, stretching from Windsor to Ottawa, they had sought a seventh transmitter in Maxville that could reach Montreal, but were turned down because of a CRTC moratorium on new stations in the Montreal market. The transmitters would all be fed from a central studio in Toronto; the group agreed not to accept local advertising. The station's initial plan was to broadcast only during prime time hours from 5 p.m. to midnight, while leasing daytime hours to the Ontario Educational Communications Authority to broadcast educational programming.
However, the OECA declined the offer, opting instead to expand the TVOntario network by launching its own transmitters. The new Global Television Network, with the callsign CKGN-TV, launched on January 6, 1974 from studios located at a former factory in the Don Mills neighbourhood in North York at 6 p.m. local time. Global remains based there today. Although the Ontario station has always been based in Toronto, its main transmitter was licensed to Paris, Ontario. Global's original prime time schedule included Patrick Watson's documentary series Witness to Yesterday, Pierre Berton's political debate show The Great Debate, a Canadian edition of Bernard Braden's British consumer affairs newsmagazine The Braden Beat, William Shatner's film talk show Flick Flack, Sunday night Toronto Toros hockey games and a nightly variety series called Everything Goes, as well as a few imported American series including Chopper One, Dirty Sally and Doc Elliot. In March, the station drew a formal complaint from MP James McGrath against its airing of the 1969 Western film Heaven with a Gun, as the film featured scenes of violence which McGrath considered inappropriate.
The station ran into a financial crisis within
Terrestrial television is a type of television broadcasting in which the television signal is transmitted by radio waves from the terrestrial transmitter of a television station to a TV receiver having an antenna. The term terrestrial is more common in Europe and Latin America, while in the United States it is called broadcast or over-the-air television; the term "terrestrial" is used to distinguish this type from the newer technologies of satellite television, in which the television signal is transmitted to the receiver from an overhead satellite, cable television, in which the signal is carried to the receiver through a cable. Terrestrial television was the first technology used for television broadcasting, with the first public television broadcast from Schenectady, NY, in January, 1928; the BBC began broadcasting in 1929 and by 1930 many radio stations had a regular schedule of experimental television programmes. However, these early experimental systems had insufficient picture quality to attract the public, due to their mechanical scan technology, television did not become widespread until after World War II with the advent of electronic scan television technology.
The television broadcasting business followed the model of radio networks, with local television stations in cities and towns affiliated with television networks, either commercial or government-controlled, which provided content. Television broadcasts were in black and white until the transition to color television in the 1950s and 60s. There was no other method of television delivery until the 1950s with the beginnings of cable television and community antenna television. CATV was only a re-broadcast of over-the-air signals. With the widespread adoption of cable across the United States in the 1970s and 1980s, viewing of terrestrial television broadcasts has been in decline. A slight increase in use began after the 2009 final conversion to digital terrestrial television broadcasts, which offer HDTV image quality as an alternative to CATV for cord cutters. Following the ST61 conference, UHF frequencies were first used in the UK in 1964 with the introduction of BBC2. In UK, VHF channels were kept on the old 405-line system, while UHF was used for 625-line broadcasts.
Television broadcasting in the 405-line system continued after the introduction of four analogue programmes in the UHF bands until the last 405-line transmitters were switched off on January 6, 1985. VHF Band III was used in other countries around Europe for PAL broadcasts until planned phase out and switchover to digital television; the success of analogue terrestrial television across Europe varied from country to country. Although each country had rights to a certain number of frequencies by virtue of the ST61 plan, not all of them were brought into service. In 1941, the first NTSC standard was introduced by the National Television System Committee; this standard defined a transmission scheme for a black and white picture with 525 lines of vertical resolution at 60 fields per second. In the earl of the first tragic 1950s, this standard was superseded by a backwards-compatible standard for color television; the NTSC standard was being used in the Americas as well as Japan until the introduction of digital terrestrial television.
While Mexico have ended all its analogue television broadcasts and the US and Canada have shut down nearly all of their analogue TV stations, the NTSC standard continues to be used in the rest of Latin American countries while testing their DTT platform. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, the Advanced Television Systems Committee developed the ATSC standard for digital high definition terrestrial transmission; this standard was adopted by many American countries, including the United States, Dominican Republic, Mexico, El Salvador and Honduras. The Pan-American terrestrial television operates on analog channels 2 through 6, 7 through 13, 14 through 51. Unlike with analog transmission, ATSC channel numbers do not correspond to radio frequencies. Instead, a virtual channel is defined as part of the ATSC stream metadata so that a station can transmit on any frequency but still show the same channel number. Additionally, free-to-air television repeaters and signal boosters can be used to rebroadcast a terrestrial television signal using an otherwise unused channel to cover areas with marginal reception.
Analog television channels 2 through 6, 7 through 13, 14 through 51 are only used for LPTV translator stations in the U. S. Channels 52 through 69 are still used by some existing stations, but these channels must be vacated if telecommunications companies notify the stations to vacate that signal spectrum. By convention, broadcast television signals are transmitted with horizontal polarization. Terrestrial television broadcast in Asia started as early as 1939 in Japan through a series of experiments done by NHK Broadcasting Institute of Technology. However, these experiments were interrupted by the beginning of the World War II in the Pacific. On February 1, 1953, NHK began broadcasting. On August 28, 1953, Nippon TV, the first commercial television broadcaster in Asia was launched. Meanwhile, in the Philippines, Alto Broadcasting System, the
CHBC-DT, virtual channel 2, is a Global owned-and-operated television station located in Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada. The station is owned by Corus Entertainment. CHBC maintains studio facilities located on Leon Avenue in Downtown Kelowna, its main transmitter is located near Lambly Creek Road in Central Okanagan. Since the dismantling of the former E! television system and its switch to Global, CHBC has acted as a semi-satellite of sister station CHAN-DT in Vancouver, airing the majority of its programming in pattern, but with evening newscasts covering the Okanagan region. On cable, the station is available on Shaw Cable channel 4 and Telus Optik TV channel 116. There is a high definition feed offered on Shaw Cable digital channel 211; the station first signed on the air on September 21, 1957 operating as a CBC affiliate. Its signal covered the central Okanagan, broadcasting at 3,700 watts of power from its main studios and transmitter in Kelowna; the station was founded by three local radio stations: CKOV-AM in Kelowna, CKOK in Penticton and CJIB in Vernon.
Due to the mountainous terrain of the area, which impaired the primary signal in certain areas, the station began operating repeaters a few weeks in Vernon and Penticton. At the time of the station's sign-on, only 500 homes in the area had television receivers, but that amount rose to 10,000 the following year; the station had ordered two studio cameras, but due to the number of television stations that started up in North America during that period, the station had to make do with one camera on loan for a year until the order was filled. They relied on 16 mm film, developed first by a local photo lab, again in-house. All network programs were received on kinescope and 16 mm film, with regular programs airing on a week delay after their airing on CBC stations in other markets, with the National News airing on a day-behind basis. In 1960, the station began receiving programs from the CBC via its microwave link. Local programs and advertisements were produced live to air. Locally produced programs during the station's early days included Kids Bids, The Three R's, Romper Room, Let's Visit, Midday and Okanagan Magazine.
In 1964, CHBC received its first videotape machine, which aided the production of local programming and commercials. Two years the station began airing programming in colour via the network, the station installed more equipment for colour production and transmission, as well as telecine and videotape. In the late 1960s, CHBC and fellow CBC affiliate CFJC-TV in Kamloops formed BCI-TV, an internal company headed by CHBC for programming and sales of the combined Okanagan/Kamloops markets; the national sales were delegated to All Canada Sales, which provided advertising sales for both stations as a single unit under the name "BCI TV". For years, both stations carried identical programming schedules, apart from local newscasts. In 1970, CHAN-TV in Vancouver reached an agreement with CHBC to provide CTV programming to the area, via a protective service, which protected local advertisers from Vancouver advertisers with cut-ins on the second station; the full conversion to colour broadcasts was completed in 1971, when CHBC purchased a colour studio camera.
During the 1970s and 1980s, the ownership of the station changed, beginning with the purchase of CKOK's one-third ownership by general manager Roy Chapman, which he sold to CHAN. Selkirk Communications brought CJIB, along with it, its 33% stake. CKOV sold its stake in equal parts to both CHAN and Selkirk, which resulted in both companies each owning 50% of the station. In 1987, CHBC president and general manager Ron Evans spearheaded a campaign as part of its adopted branding as "The Okanagan's Very Own CHBC", in order to compete with the 40 television station signals that were being distributed by cable operators within the market; as a result, the station increased its local programming and advertisements, CHBC increased its involvement in the 55 communities that it served. This commitment has been recognized and rewarded through the improvement of its ratings and nods from many industry awards; when Maclean-Hunter took over Selkirk in 1989, CHAN's parent company Western International Communications purchased Selkirk's stake to take full control of CHBC.
In 1998, the Griffiths family's stake in WIC was sold to a joint venture between Shaw Communications and Canwest. After months of negotiations, the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission approved the split of WIC's assets between Canwest, Corus Radio and Shaw Communications. CHBC and sister station CHAN-TV were sold to Canwest in 2000; when Canwest acquired CHBC, it assumed the same role in selling advertising and providing programming from its CH television system. In late 2003, the CBC notified CHBC that it did not intend to renew its affiliation agreement with the station after it expired in August 2005. In response, the station filed an application with the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission in 2004 to disaffiliate from the CBC. CBC Television's Vancouver O&O CBUT subsequently added a new rebroadcast transmitter in Kelowna, broadcasting on UHF channel 45. After its BCI-TV partner CFJC-TV received similar approval to dis
CKMI-DT, UHF channel 15, is a Global owned-and-operated television station located in Montreal, Canada. The station is owned by Corus Entertainment. CKMI's studios are located inside the Dominion Square Building in Downtown Montreal, its transmitter is located atop Mount Royal. On cable, the station can be seen on Vidéotron channel 8 in the Montreal area, in high definition on digital channel 608, on Bell TV channel 234. On Shaw Direct, the channel is available on 330 or 059, in high definition on channel 043 or 530; the station launched on March 17, 1957, was the second owned station in Quebec. It was licensed to Quebec City, aired an analog signal on VHF channel 5. CKMI was owned by Télévision de Québec, along with the province's first private station, CFCM-TV; the station's studios were located alongside CFCM's facilities in Sainte-Foy a suburb of Quebec City. Télévision de Québec was a consortium of cinema chain Famous Players and Quebec City's three owned radio stations, CHRC, CKCV and CJQC.
It became Quebec City's CBC Television affiliate, taking all English language programming from CFCM. In 1964, following the opening of CBVT, CFCM disaffiliated from Radio-Canada and joined the loose association of independent stations that evolved into TVA, while CKMI remained with CBC. Télévision de Québec was nearly forced to sell its stations in 1969 due to the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission's new rules requiring radio and television stations to be 80% Canadian-owned; the largest shareholder, Famous Players, was a subsidiary of American film studio Paramount Pictures. Famous Players reduced its shares to 20% by 1971, allowing Télévision de Québec to keep CKMI and CFCM; the company renamed itself Télé-Capitale in 1974. CKMI and CFCM were bought by Pathonic in 1979, by Télé-Metropole in 1989. For many years, CKMI was known on-air as "MI-5". CKMI faced severe financial problems for much of its history as a CBC affiliate, in large part because the area's anglophone population was just large enough for the station to be viable as a owned CBC affiliate.
For most of its first 40 years on the air, it stayed afloat only because of the revenues from CFCM, long the dominant station in Quebec City. Much of its viewership came from anglophone members of the National Assembly and anglophone provincial government employees. For many years, its only newscast was a five-minute update, as its viewership was deemed too small to justify a full-fledged news department, it began airing Global shows in the 1980s, was picked up by most cable providers in Montreal as a result. By 1992, growing financial trouble forced CKMI to drop all non-CBC programming and become a de facto repeater of Montreal's CBC O&O, CBMT, it carried CBMT's newscasts, though CKMI aired its own five-minute newscast, Inside Quebec, before CBMT's Newswatch on weeknights. Relief did not come until 1997, when TVA sold a 51% controlling interest in the station to Izzy Asper's Canwest Global Communications, while retaining 49% interest. TVA and Canwest formed a joint venture that assumed ownership of CKMI.
CKMI added semi-satellites in Montreal and Sherbrooke, reappearing on Montreal cable systems as a result. The purchase closed on August 18, 1997. With the addition of CKMI, Canwest's stations had enough coverage of Canada that on August 18, 1997–the day Canwest closed on its purchase of controlling interest in the station–Canwest rebranded its station group as the Global Television Network. On that date, CKMI became the exclusive Global outlet for Quebec; as part of the deal, CKMI moved from VHF channel 5 to UHF channel 20 using a transmitter at the Quebec City tower farm atop Mount Bélair. The CBC took over CKMI's old transmitter site in Sainte-Foy and used it to set up CBVE-TV, a full-time repeater of CBMT. Following the digital transition in 2011, the station relocated to channel 11, using CBVT's old analogue frequency and transmitter atop Mount Bélair. Global had spent a quarter-century trying to get a transmitter in Montreal; when the network launched in 1974 as an Ontario-based network, original plans called for a transmitter in Maxville, near Cornwall.
While it would have served Hawkesbury, it would have provided a strong grade B signal to Montreal. However, the CRTC vetoed it, since it was believed Montreal's anglophone population wasn't large enough for what would have been three owned English-language stations. In 2002, Global bought out TVA's remaining interest in CKMI; the station shifted most of its operations, as well as the focus of its news coverage, to Montreal soon after the launch of the Montreal transmitter. This made sense, since Montreal is home to three-fourths of Quebec's anglophones, it began sending its signal to the Montreal transmitter first. However, it remained licensed to Quebec City, its "official" main studio remained in Sainte-Foy; this changed in 2009. However, as mentioned above, for all intents and purposes it has been a Montreal station since joining Global. CKMI's financial situation has not improved much since joining Global, though in recent years it has waged a spirited battle with CBMT for second place behind long-dominant CTV station CFCF-DT.
It has been argued that the station's poor financial performance was due to limits on its advertising budget. From 1997 to 2009
CHAN-DT, virtual channel 8, is a Global owned-and-operated television station located in Vancouver, British Columbia, which serves as the West Coast flagship station of the network. The station is owned by Corus Entertainment. CHAN maintains studio facilities located on Enterprise Street in the suburban city of Burnaby, its transmitter is located atop Mount Seymour. On cable, the station is available on Shaw Cable channel 11. On satellite, the station is available on Bell TV channel 252, Shaw Direct channel 336 on the classic lineup and channel 5 on the advanced lineup, Rogers Personal TV channel 119. There is a high-definition feed available on Shaw Cable digital channel 211, Shaw Direct on classic lineup channel 002 or advanced lineup channel 502; the station is available throughout British Columbia through a large network of rebroadcasters. The station first signed on the air at 4:45 p.m. on October 31, 1960. Founded by Vantel Broadcasting, it operated as an independent station, it acquired several programs from CTV upon that network's launch on October 1, 1961.
The station operated from a temporary studio housed at 1219 Richards Street in Downtown Vancouver, until its full-time studio facility at 7850 Enterprise Street in Burnaby was opened in 1962 Soon after the station's launch, CHAN began installing relay transmitters across the province, now reaches 96% of British Columbia. Through its over-the-air signal, CHAN reaches an American audience in neighbouring Whatcom County, Washington. In 1963, local entrepreneur Frank Griffiths, owner of radio station CKNW, purchased CHAN-TV from Vantel, along with nearby CBC affiliate CHEK-TV in the Vancouver Island city of Victoria, from its original owner, David Armstrong. At that point, CHEK began airing a few CTV programs scheduled at different times than when CHAN aired them, it maintained a shuffled schedule. Griffiths' Western Broadcasting Communications sold a minority share of the station to Selkirk Communications, before buying back full control in 1989. In 1986, BCTV set up a functional broadcast studio pavilion at the Vancouver Expo 86, whose theme was transportation and communication.
The BCTV pavilion allowed visitors to see, participate, in every step of how a television station operates, as well as how newscasts and television shows were produced. The pavilion was used by the station for coverage of the Expo, by visiting journalists; as early as 1971, CHAN unofficially began using the brand "BCTV". In 1973, BCTV became CHAN's official on-air branding, which remained in use until 2001, when it adopted the "Global BC" brand; the "BCTV" brand was retained for its local newscasts until February 2006. However, the "BCTV" brand became so established in the province that many people still call the station by that name today. CHAN was CTV's third-largest affiliate, by far the largest in Western Canada; as such, it was one of the backbones of the CTV network for many years and one of the network's most successful affiliates. However, it was always somewhat hostile toward CTV. Management believed that the network's flagship station, CFTO-TV in Toronto, had too much influence over the network.
In particular, CHAN felt CFTO received favouritism in the production of CTV's Canadian programming in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Nonetheless, until 1997, CHAN bought the provincial rights to several popular series from CFTO's parent company, Baton Broadcasting. However, tensions were exacerbated that year when Baton won a licence to operate a new television station in Vancouver, CIVT-TV, moved much of CHAN's stronger programs there. Baton won controlling interest in CTV soon after channel 32's launch, it became an open secret that CIVT would replace CHAN as the CTV station for the Vancouver market. CHAN had signed a long-term contract with CTV several years earlier that would not expire until 1999, but was extended to 2001. However, outside of the 40 hours of programming per week that this allowed for, CHAN's own local news programs, the station had to rely on lower-profile programming supplied by parent company Western International Communications. A small amount of CHUM Limited-produced programs aired on CHAN at times during the period from 1997 to 2001, including CityLine.
On June 6, 2000 WIC's stations were purchased by Canwest. As a result, CHAN was due to become the Global outlet for all of British Columbia. Although Global owned a station in Vancouver, CKVU, it opted to sell CKVU to CHUM Limited and move its affiliation to CHAN, evidently due to that station's higher coverage and local news viewership. CHAN-TV's affiliation agreement with CTV expired on September 1, 2001, sparking a major shakeup in British Columbia television: The CTV affiliation, jointly held by CHAN and sister station CHEK, moved to CIVT, which became a CTV O&O station that branded for a short time as "BC CTV". Both switches left CTV dependent on cable and satellite coverage to reach the rest of the province, as CTV has refused to set up rebroadcasters in the rest of the province. CHAN retained the rights to The Oprah Winfrey Show, carried by CTV in all of its other O&O markets, until the talk show ended its run in 2011; the Global affiliation, held by CKVU, moved to CHAN, which became the network's new O&O under the "Global BC" brand.
CKVU meanwhile adopted the "ckvu13" brand and became an independent station carrying CHUM-supplied programming, some of which had aired the previous season on K
CICT-DT, virtual channel 2, is a Global owned-and-operated television station located in Calgary, Canada. The station is owned by Corus Entertainment. CICT's studios are located on 23 Street Northeast and Barlow Trail in Calgary, near the Mayland Heights neighborhood, it serves as the master control hub for all 15 Global owned-and-operated stations across Canada. This station can be seen on Shaw Cable channel 7 and in high definition on digital channel 211, Bell TV channel 244, Rogers Cable channel 118. On Shaw Direct, the channel is available on 338 or 017, in high definition on channel 015 or 515. CICT-TV first signed on the air on October 8, 1954 as CHCT, was the first television station in the province of Alberta; the station was an affiliate of CBC Television. Its studios and transmitter facility were located on a hill seven miles west of the city; the station was owned by Calgary Television Ltd. a consortium of Calgary radio stations CFCN, CFAC and CKXL. The "CT" in CHCT stood for "Calgary Television".
During the construction of the transmitter, the 70-foot, 5 ton antenna was being hoisted on the top of the 600-foot tower when the cable snapped and the antenna fell all the way down the tower to imbed itself 15 feet in the ground. No one was injured in the accident, the antenna was able to be repaired, but the station's launch was delayed by 10 days. A year CHCT moved its studios and offices from the transmitter site on Old Banff Coach Road, to a renovated badminton club/sea cadet drill hall on 955 Rideau Road S. W. Calgary. Notable programs that were produced at the original studio include Klara's Korner, a cooking show, in national syndication for many years. In 1957, CKXL Ltd. sold its share in Calgary Television Ltd. to Fredrick Shaw, who had sold his share in CKXL-AM to Tel-Ray Ltd. CFCN sold off its share in 1961 when it opened its own station, CFCN-TV. In 1968, Tel-Ray sold its stake to Selkirk Communications, who changed the callsign to CFAC-TV to match CFAC radio, of which Selkirk was part-owner.
On September 1, 1975, after the CBC launched its own station in Calgary, CBRT, CFAC-TV disaffiliated from CBC and became an independent station. In 1979, the station branded itself as "2&7", the latter channel number referring to both its cable location and to sister station CFAC-TV7 in Lethbridge. For a number of years afterwards, it continued to use the old CFAC "star" logo alongside the 2&7 logo. In 1981, the station moved to its new home, the Calgary Television Centre, a move reflecting its growth since its disaffiliation from the CBC. After obtaining the television rights to the Calgary Flames National Hockey League franchise the year before, the station purchased a seven-camera mobile unit soon after; the station has been the Flames' television partner since 1980. In the fall of 1982, the station became the first station in Calgary to begin broadcasting a 24-hour schedule. Programs seen during the overnight hours consisted of movies and reruns of The Jackie Gleason Show, among other shows.
Although it continued to nominally be an independent station, in 1988, CFAC-TV began airing some programs from the Global Television Network. In 1989, Maclean-Hunter purchased Selkirk Communications, but due to CRTC ownership regulations at the time, CFAC-TV was sold to Western International Communications. A year after WIC bought channel 2, it changed the call letters to CKKX-TV. In 1992, CKKX's news operations were expanded with the acquisitions of a satellite uplink truck and a fleet of electronic news gathering microwave trucks. On September 7, 1993, CKKX changed its callsign to CICT-TV, took on the brand of "Calgary 7", referring to the station's cable channel. WIC's properties were split between Shaw Communications and Canwest in 1998; this move required Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission approval, the plans for which were filed in 1999 and approved in 2000. Canwest acquired WIC's television assets, including CICT. On September 4, 2000, CICT joined the Global Television Network full-time as an owned-and-operated station, along with fellow Alberta stations CITV-TV in Edmonton and CISA in Lethbridge.
By 2001, CICT-TV began relays in Banff. CICT airs the entire Global programming lineup, operating on the same schedule as its Edmonton sister station CITV-DT. All non-news programming and some Calgary-based newscasts are aired on fellow sister station CISA-TV in Lethbridge. CICT presently broadcasts 46½ hours of locally produced newscasts each week.