Antully is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in Bourgogne in eastern France. Communes of the Saône-et-Loire department Parc naturel régional du Morvan INSEE statistics
Anost is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in Bourgogne in eastern France. Communes of the Saône-et-Loire department Parc naturel régional du Morvan INSEE statistics Bootes.be Anost.fr
Allerey-sur-Saône is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in Bourgogne in eastern France. Communes of the Saône-et-Loire department INSEE statistics
Artaix is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in eastern France. Communes of the Saône-et-Loire department INSEE statistics
Ameugny is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in eastern France. The river Grosne flows through the commune. Communes of the Saône-et-Loire department INSEE statistics Official website Ameugny Notre-Dame
Beauvernois is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in eastern France. Communes of the Saône-et-Loire department INSEE statistics
Autun is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department, France. Located in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region, it was founded during the Principate era of the early Roman Empire by Emperor Augustus as Augustodunum to give a Roman capital to the Gallic people Aedui, who had Bibracte as their political centre. In Roman times the city may have been home to 30,000 to 100,000 people, according to different estimates. Nowadays, Autun has a population of about 15,000. Augustodunum was founded during the reign of the first Roman emperor, after whom it was named, it was the civitas "tribal capital" of the Aedui, Continental Celts, allies and "brothers" of Rome since before Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars. Augustodunum was a planned foundation replacing the original oppidum Bibracte, located some 25 km away. Several elements of Roman architecture such as walls, a Roman theater are still visible in the town. In AD 356, a force of Alemanni brought the siege of Autun; the disrepair of the walls left the city in danger of falling.
Autun was saved by the arrival of the Emperor Julian in one of his early military successes. In Late Antiquity, Autun became famous for its schools of rhetoric. A world map based on the Geography of Ptolemy was famous for its size and was displayed in the portico of one of the schools, it may have survived until early modern times. In 532 the Merovingian kings Childebert I and Clothar I in battle of Autun defeated the Burgundians led by king Godomar and took over the country of Burgundy. In 725, the Umayyad general Anbasa ibn Suhaym Al-Kalbi marched up the Saône valley to Autun. On 22 August 725 he captured the town after defeating forces led by the local bishop, Émilien of Nantes, slain during the course of the battle. Autun marks the easternmost extent of the Umayyad campaign in Europe. However, the position was never retained, Anbasa died soon after; the Umayyads are known to have raided the lower Rhone during the next decade, but Uzès was their northernmost stronghold and Marseille the easternmost coastal stronghold.
In 880, Count Richard of Autun was made the first duke of Burgundy. In 1788, Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord became bishop of Autun, he was elected member of the clergy for the Estates-General of 1789. The High School plays an important role in the history of the city and France since Napoleon, who gave it its current name and whose brothers Joseph and Lucien studied there; this school continues to operate today. The decorated wrought iron gates were erected in 1772. During the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, the leader of the Army of the Vosges, Giuseppe Garibaldi, chose the city as his headquarters; the city boasts other ruins dating to the time of Augustus. One of the most impressive remains is that of the ancient theatre, one of the largest in the western part of the empire with a 17,000 seat capacity. To the northwest of the city is the so-called Temple of Janus, only two walls of which remain. To the southeast is the mysterious Pierre de Couhard, a rock pyramid of uncertain function which may date to Roman times.
The Autun Cathedral known as Saint Lazare's Cathedral, dates from the early twelfth century and is a major example of Romanesque architecture. It was the chapel of the Dukes of Burgundy; the cathedral was built as a pilgrimage church for the veneration of the relic Saint Lazarus, mentioned in the Gospels, considered the first bishop of Marseille, who, always according to tradition, arrived in Provence with Mary Magdalen. Autun's 12th-century bishop, Étienne de Bâgé built the church in response to the construction of Ste. Madeleine at nearby Vézelay, home to the French cult of Mary Magdalene. St. Lazare was only elevated to the rank of cathedral, replacing the former cathedral dedicated to St. Nazaire; the Autun Cathedral is famous for its architectural sculpture the tympanum of The Last Judgment above the west portal, surviving fragments from the lost portal of the north transept, the capitals in the nave and choir. All of these are traditionally considered the work of Gislebertus, whose name is on the west tympanum.
It is uncertain or of a patron. If Gislebertus is in fact the artist, he is one of few medieval artists whose name is known. Bishop and Saint Leodegar Nivelon I was known as Count of Autun In the late 9th century, Charles Martel's daughter married Thierry IV, Count of Autun. In the late 9th century, the countship was vacant after the death of Robert the Strong, but was returned to Bernard Plantapilosa, son of Bernard of Septimania, later to Bernard of Gothia after Bernard fell out of favor. In 878, King Louis the Younger gave it to his chamberlain, Theodoric. Honorius Augustodunensis Nicolas Rolin, Chancellor of Burgundy under Philip the Good, came from Autun, where several examples of his artistic patronage can be seen; the Rolin Madonna, by Jan van Eyck, in the Louvre, shows what was at least intended as a view of Autun in the background. In 1837, a commercial mining of oil shale deposit near Autun marked the beginning of the modern oil shale industry. In 1852, the uranium mineral autunite was first discovered near Autun, named for the town.
Autun is the main setting for James Salter's 1967 novel "A Sport and a Pastime". The European Triathlon Championships were held in the town in 20