Hail Satanas We Are the Black Legions
Hail Satanas We Are The Black Legions was the first studio recording by Mütiilation, a one-man French heavy metal music project. The recording pays a direct homage to The Black Legions, it was issued as a 7" vinyl EP. "Desecrate Jesus' Name" "Remembrance of my Past Battles and Times" "Black Wind of War" The EP was re-released by Nightmare Productions in 2006, with full permission of Meyhna'ch. Release info on Discogs Release info on Encyclopaedia Metallum
Avant-garde metal is a subgenre of heavy metal music loosely defined by use of experimentation and innovative, avant-garde elements, including non-standard and unconventional sounds, song structures, playing styles, vocal techniques. Avant-garde metal is influenced by progressive rock and extreme metal death metal, is related to progressive metal; some local scenes include Los Angeles, the San Francisco Bay Area and Seattle in the United States, Oslo in Norway, Tokyo in Japan. "Avant-garde metal" is interchangeable with "experimental metal" and "avant-metal", may refer to a separate genre of "atmospheric metal" or "post-metal", named in reference to post-rock. Avant-garde metal is related to progressive metal, but avant-garde metal has more experimentation, while progressive metal has a tighter focus on traditional metal instrumentation and higher levels of technical complexity. Avant-garde metal uses unusual sounds, breaks conventions, includes new elements; the lyrics and visual presentation of the genre are eclectic as well.
According to Jeff Wagner in Mean Deviation, electronic percussion and drum machines see widespread use by avant-garde metal bands, along with female vocals and operatic elements, all of which he attributes to the influence of the band Celtic Frost. The Canadian group Voivod influenced future bands in the genre, pioneering technique such as robotic vocal effects, unusual time signatures, fractured, unorthodox guitar sounds. According to Ian Christe, avant-garde metal emerged from death metal as a number of musicians "abandoned the wound structure of the music and experimented with abstractions of its founding elements". Progressive rock has been cited as an influence; some early examples are the King Crimson releases Larks' Tongues in Aspic and Red in 1973 and 1974 with the latter album's title track defining an "avant-metal style" that Robert Fripp would revisit years later. Another early example is the 1976 Led Zeppelin album Presence. Pioneers of avant-garde metal include Celtic Frost, Boris, Helmet, maudlin of the Well, Sunn O))), Mr. Bungle, Today is the Day, Voivod.
In the late 1990s, Misanthropy Records emerged as a promoter of Norwegian avant-garde metal until it folded in 2000, according to Jeff Wagner, in the late 1990s and early 2000s, a so-called "new wave of avant-garde metal" was spearheaded by The End Records. Wagner states that "with the support of and other specialty labels, metal's new avant-garde had arrived." Some other record labels which promote avant-garde metal are Aurora Borealis, The Flenser, Holy Records, Hydra Head Records, Ipecac Recordings, Napalm Records, the Release Entertainment imprint of Relapse Records, Seventh Rule Recordings, Southern Lord Records. In the United States, local avant-garde metal scenes have emerged in the San Francisco Bay Area with bands such as Giant Squid and Ludicra, in Boston, with bands such as Isis, Kayo Dot, maudlin of the Well, in Seattle. According to The New York Times, some regional scenes that developed in the mid-1990s included the cities of Tokyo, Los Angeles, Oslo. List of avant-garde metal artists Category:Avant-garde metal albums Wagner, Jeff.
Mean Deviation. Bazillion Points Books. ISBN 0979616336. Avantgarde-Metal.com – website for avant-garde metal
The guitar is a fretted musical instrument that has six strings. It is played with both hands by strumming or plucking the strings with either a guitar pick or the finger/fingernails of one hand, while fretting with the fingers of the other hand; the sound of the vibrating strings is projected either acoustically, by means of the hollow chamber of the guitar, or through an electrical amplifier and a speaker. The guitar is a type of chordophone, traditionally constructed from wood and strung with either gut, nylon or steel strings and distinguished from other chordophones by its construction and tuning; the modern guitar was preceded by the gittern, the vihuela, the four-course Renaissance guitar, the five-course baroque guitar, all of which contributed to the development of the modern six-string instrument. There are three main types of modern acoustic guitar: the classical guitar, the steel-string acoustic guitar, the archtop guitar, sometimes called a "jazz guitar"; the tone of an acoustic guitar is produced by the strings' vibration, amplified by the hollow body of the guitar, which acts as a resonating chamber.
The classical guitar is played as a solo instrument using a comprehensive finger-picking technique where each string is plucked individually by the player's fingers, as opposed to being strummed. The term "finger-picking" can refer to a specific tradition of folk, blues and country guitar playing in the United States; the acoustic bass guitar is a low-pitched instrument, one octave below a regular guitar. Electric guitars, introduced in the 1930s, use an amplifier and a loudspeaker that both makes the sound of the instrument loud enough for the performers and audience to hear, given that it produces an electric signal when played, that can electronically manipulate and shape the tone using an equalizer and a huge variety of electronic effects units, the most used ones being distortion and reverb. Early amplified guitars employed a hollow body, but solid wood guitars began to dominate during the 1960s and 1970s, as they are less prone to unwanted acoustic feedback "howls"; as with acoustic guitars, there are a number of types of electric guitars, including hollowbody guitars, archtop guitars and solid-body guitars, which are used in rock music.
The loud, amplified sound and sonic power of the electric guitar played through a guitar amp has played a key role in the development of blues and rock music, both as an accompaniment instrument and performing guitar solos, in many rock subgenres, notably heavy metal music and punk rock. The electric guitar has had a major influence on popular culture; the guitar is used in a wide variety of musical genres worldwide. It is recognized as a primary instrument in genres such as blues, country, folk, jota, metal, reggae, rock and many forms of pop. Before the development of the electric guitar and the use of synthetic materials, a guitar was defined as being an instrument having "a long, fretted neck, flat wooden soundboard, a flat back, most with incurved sides." The term is used to refer to a number of chordophones that were developed and used across Europe, beginning in the 12th century and in the Americas. A 3,300-year-old stone carving of a Hittite bard playing a stringed instrument is the oldest iconographic representation of a chordophone and clay plaques from Babylonia show people playing an instrument that has a strong resemblance to the guitar, indicating a possible Babylonian origin for the guitar.
The modern word guitar, its antecedents, has been applied to a wide variety of chordophones since classical times and as such causes confusion. The English word guitar, the German Gitarre, the French guitare were all adopted from the Spanish guitarra, which comes from the Andalusian Arabic قيثارة and the Latin cithara, which in turn came from the Ancient Greek κιθάρα. Which comes from the Persian word "sihtar"; this pattern of naming is visible in setar and sitar. The word "tar" at the end of all of these words is a Persian word that means "string". Many influences are cited as antecedents to the modern guitar. Although the development of the earliest "guitars" is lost in the history of medieval Spain, two instruments are cited as their most influential predecessors, the European lute and its cousin, the four-string oud. At least two instruments called "guitars" were in use in Spain by 1200: the guitarra latina and the so-called guitarra morisca; the guitarra morisca had a rounded back, wide fingerboard, several sound holes.
The guitarra Latina had a narrower neck. By the 14th century the qualifiers "moresca" or "morisca" and "latina" had been dropped, these two cordophones were referred to as guitars; the Spanish vihuela, called in Italian the "viola da mano", a guitar-like instrument of the 15th and 16th centuries, is considered to have been the single most important influence in the development of the baroque guitar. It had six courses, lute-like tuning in fourths and a guitar-like body, although early representations reveal an instrument with a cut waist, it was larger than the contemporary four-course guitars. By the 16th century, the vihuela's construction had more in common with the modern guitar, with its curved one-piece ribs, than with the viols, more like a larger version of the contemporary four-course guita
Brest is a city in the Finistère département in Brittany. Located in a sheltered bay not far from the western tip of the peninsula, the western extremity of metropolitan France, Brest is an important harbour and the second French military port after Toulon; the city is located on the western edge of continental Europe. With 142,722 inhabitants in a 2007 census, Brest is at the centre of Western Brittany's largest metropolitan area, ranking third behind only Nantes and Rennes in the whole of historic Brittany, the 19th most populous city in France. Although Brest is by far the largest city in Finistère, the préfecture of the department is the much smaller Quimper. During the Middle Ages, the history of Brest was the history of its castle. Richelieu made it a military harbour. Brest grew around its arsenal until the second part of the 20th century. Damaged by the Allies' bombing raids during World War II, the city centre was rebuilt after the war. At the end of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century, the deindustrialization of the city was followed by the development of the service sector.
Nowadays, Brest is an important university town with 23,000 students. Besides a multidisciplinary university, the University of Western Brittany and its surrounding area possess several prestigious French elite schools such as École Navale, Télécom Bretagne and the Superior National School of Advanced Techniques of Brittany. Brest is an important research centre focused on the sea, with among others the largest Ifremer centre, le Cedre and the French Polar Institute. Brest's history has always been linked to the sea: the Académie de Marine was founded in 1752 in this city; the aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle was built there. Every four years, Brest hosts the international festival of the sea and sailors: it is a meeting of old riggings from around the world; the name of the town is first recorded as Bresta. In 1342, John IV, Duke of Brittany, surrendered Brest to the English, in whose possession it was to remain until 1397; the importance of Brest in medieval times was great enough to give rise to the saying, "He is not the Duke of Brittany, not the Lord of Brest."
With the marriage of Francis I of France to Claude, the daughter of Anne of Brittany, the definitive overlordship of Brest – together with the rest of the duchy – passed to the French crown. The advantages of Brest's situation as a seaport town were first recognized by Cardinal Richelieu, who in 1631 constructed a harbour with wooden wharves; this soon became a base for the French Navy. Jean-Baptiste Colbert, finance minister under Louis XIV, rebuilt the wharves in masonry and otherwise improved the harbour. Fortifications by Vauban followed in 1680–1688; these fortifications, with them the naval importance of the town, were to continue to develop throughout the 18th century. In 1694, an English squadron under Lord Berkeley was soundly defeated in its attack on Brest. In 1917, during the First World War, Brest was used as the disembarking port for many of the troops coming from the United States. Thousands of such men came through the port on their way to the front lines; the United States Navy established a naval air station on 13 February 1918 to operate seaplanes.
The base closed shortly after the Armistice of 11 November 1918. In the Second World War, the Germans maintained a large U-boat submarine base at Brest. Despite being within range of RAF bombers, it was a base for some of the German surface fleet, giving repair facilities and direct access to the Atlantic Ocean. For much of 1941, Scharnhorst and Prinz Eugen were under repair in the dockyards; the repair yard facilities for both submarines and surface vessels were staffed by both German and French workers, with the latter forming the major part of the workforce. In 1944, after the Allied invasion of Normandy, the city was totally destroyed during the Battle for Brest, with only a tiny number of buildings left standing. After the war, the West German government paid several billion Deutschmarks in reparations to the homeless and destitute civilians of Brest in compensation for the destruction of their city. Large parts of today's rebuilt city consist of utilitarian concrete buildings; the French naval base now houses the Brest Naval Training Centre.
A wartime German navy memorandum suggested that the town should serve as a German enclave after the war. In 1972, the French Navy opened its nuclear weapon-submarine base at Île Longue in the Rade de Brest; this continues to be an important base for the French nuclear-armed ballistic missile submarines. The meaning of the coat of arms of Brest is half France, half Brittany; these arms were used for the first time in a register of deliberations of the city council dated the 15 July 1683. Brest is best known for the military arsenal and the rue de Siam; the castle and the Tanguy tower are the oldest monuments of Brest
Dark ambient is a genre of post-industrial music that features an ominous, dark droning and gloomy, monumental or catacombal atmosphere with discordant overtones. It shows similarities towards ambient music, a genre, cited as a main influence by many dark ambient artists, both conceptually and compositionally. Although electronically generated, dark ambient includes the sampling of hand-played instruments and semi-acoustic recording procedures, is related to ritual industrial music; the term dark ambient was coined in the early 1990s by Roger Karmanik to describe the music of Raison d'être and related artists that are associated with the Cold Meat Industry record label. Dark ambient has its roots in the 1970s, with the introduction of newer and more affordable effects units and sampling technology. Early genre elements can be found on Throbbing Gristle's 1978 album D.o. A: The Third and Final Report of Throbbing Gristle. Important early precursors of the genre were Tangerine Dream's early double-album Zeit, unlike most of their subsequent albums in abandoning any notion of rhythm or definable melody in favour of "darkly" sinuous disturbing sonics, Affenstunde by fellow krautrock band Popol Vuh.
Projects like Lustmord, Nocturnal Emissions, Zoviet France, evolved out of industrial music during the 1980s, were some of the earliest artists to create dark ambient music. These artists make use of industrial principles such as noise and shock tactics, but wield these elements with more subtlety. Additionally, ambient industrial has strong occultist tendencies, with a particular leaning toward magick, as expounded by Aleister Crowley, chaos magic giving the music a ritualistic flavor. Among the artists who produce ambient industrial/dark ambient are Controlled Bleeding, CTI, Coph Nia, Deutsch Nepal, Hafler Trio, Nocturnal Emissions, PGR, Thomas Köner, Zoviet France, Cabaret Voltaire, SPK, Lab Report, Akira Yamaoka, Robin Rimbaud, Vidna Obmana, Daniel Menche, Hwyl Nofio, Hieronymus Bosch, Final. Many of these artists are eclectic in their output, with much of it falling outside ambient industrial. Dark ambient consists of evolving dissonant harmonies of drones and resonances, low frequency rumbles and machine noises, sometimes supplemented by gongs, percussive rhythms, distorted voices and other found sounds processed to the point where the original sample cannot be recognized.
For example, entire works may be based on radio telescope recordings, the babbling of newborn babies, or sounds recorded through contact microphones on telegraph wires. The music tends to evoke a feeling of solitude, melancholy and isolation. However, while the theme in the music tends to be "dark" in nature, some artists create more organic soundscapes. Examples of such productions are those of Oöphoi, Alio Die, Mathias Grassow, Tau Ceti, Klaus Wiese; the Symphonies of the Planets series, a collection of works by Brain/Mind Research inspired by audible-frequency plasma waves recorded by the Voyager unmanned space probes, can be considered an organic manifestation of dark ambient. List of dark ambient artists List of electronic music genres
Blackened death metal
Blackened death metal is an extreme subgenre of heavy metal that fuses elements of black metal and death metal. The genre emerged in early 1990s when black metal bands began incorporating elements of death metal, vice-versa; the genre employs death growls, tremolo picking, blast beats, Satanic lyrics and imagery. Bands of the genre employ corpse paint, adapted from black metal; the genre is death metal that incorporates musical, lyrical or ideological elements of black metal, such as an increased use of tremolo picking, anti-Christian or Satanic lyrical themes and chord progressions similar to those used in black metal. Blackened death metal bands are more to wear corpse paint and suits of armour, than bands from other styles of death metal. Lower range guitar tunings, death growls and abrupt tempo changes are common in the genre; some blackened death metal bands, such as Goatwhore and Angelcorpse take significant influence from thrash metal. Both black metal and death metal evolved out of the same crop of early extreme metal bands such as Dark Angel, Kreator, Venom, Celtic Frost and Bathory, leading to common elements between the genres being in place, early death metal groups with some elements common in black metal include early-Sepultura, Morbid Angel and Deicide.
Along with this, John McEntee and vocalist of death metal band Incantation, has noted that he and his band draw influence from black metal. Seminal black metal band Darkthrone began playing death metal, before moving into the style they became known for. Blasphemy crossed death metal and black metal on their debut album Fallen Angel of Doom, giving way to the development of war metal. Dissection evolved out of the Gothenburg melodic death metal scene, embracing black metal influences into their music and helping create melodic black-death thanks to their 1993 album The Somberlain; the year 1998 saw the release of Behemoth's album Pandemonic Incantations, striking a stylistic change in the sound of the band's output from a traditional black metal style with pagan lyrical themes into a more death metal influenced sound with lyrics about the occult and Satan. After continuing this style, their 2000 album Thelema.6 peaked at number 31 on the Polish Albums Charts. Many of Behemoth's subsequent albums would continue to chart, with Demigod peaking at number 15, The Apostasy at number 9 and Evangelion and The Satanist both at number one, with multiple albums charting worldwide.
American band Skeletonwitch's third and fifth albums peaked at numbers 151, 153 and 62 on the Billboard 200 charts. Thy Art Is Murder, a band who played deathcore, moved into a style more similar to blackened death metal on their fourth album Dear Desolation, charting in eight different territories, including a peak at number five on the Australian Albums Charts and number seven on the New Zealand Heatseekers Albums; as well as New Jersey's Lorna Shore beginning to tread into the grounds of blackened death metal on their sophomore album "Flesh Coffin". Melodic black-death is a genre of extreme metal that describes the style created when melodic death metal bands began being inspired by black metal and European romanticism. However, unlike most other black metal, this take on the genre would incorporate an increased sense of melody and narrative; some bands who have played this style include Dissection, Embraced, God Dethroned, Throes of Dawn, Dawn, Cries of the Past-era Underoath, Midvinter, Twin Obscenity, Nokturnal Mortum Unanimated, Epoch of Unlight, This Ending, Oathean, Thulcandra and Cardinal Sin.
Sweden's Dissection evolved alongside melodic death metal bands such as At the Gates and In Flames, by building upon the musical foundation laid by death metal and incorporating guitar melodies and harmonies amongst the standard brutality of the genre. However, unlike the other bands, Dissection began incorporating influences from black metal into their music, which lead to their debut album The Somberlain influencing a plethora of subsequent bands and Metal Injection dubbing them "one of the most important extreme metal bands of all time". Sacramentum's debut and sophomore albums Far Away from the Sun and The Coming of Chaos would continue Dissection's style of black metal-infused melodic death metal, based around middle of the neck guitar riffing and howling vocals, while Vinterland would lean more upon their black metal predecessors like Norway's Emperor. Naglfar would base their sound within that of Gothenburg metal bands like In Flames and Dark Tranquility, by taking a brighter and thrashier take on the style.
War metal is an aggressive and chaotic subgenre of blackened death metal, described by Rock Hard journalist Wolf-Rüdiger Mühlmann as "rabid" and "hammering". Important influences include first wave black metal band Sodom, first wave black metal/death metal band Possessed as well as old grindcore and death metal bands like Repulsion, Sarcófago and the first two Sepultura releases. War metal bands include Blasphemy, Impiety, In Battle, Crimson Thorn, Bestial Warlust and Zyklon-B
Heavy metal genres
A number of heavy metal genres have developed since the emergence of heavy metal during the late 1960s and early 1970s. At times heavy metal genres may overlap or are difficult to distinguish, but they can be identified by a number of traits, they may differ in terms of: instrumentation, song structure, vocal style, guitar playing style, drumming style, so on. Alternative metal is a style of heavy metal and alternative rock which emerged in the mid-1980s, gained popularity in the early 1990s. Alternative metal combines heavy metal with influences from genres like alternative rock, in some cases other genres not associated with metal as well. One of the main characteristics of alternative metal and its subgenres are downtuned, mid-paced "chug"-like guitar riffs. Alternative metal bands are often characterized by melodic vocals, unconventional sounds within other heavy metal genres, unconventional song structures and sometimes experimental approaches to heavy music. Many of the early alternative metal bands originated from Los Angeles.
Prominent bands in this genre include Alice in Chains, Faith No More, Life of Agony, Rollins Band and Tool. More modern bands include Breaking Benjamin, Chevelle and System of a Down. Funk metal is a fusion of heavy metal and funk, it started off in the late eighties as a subgenre of alternative metal, was influenced by bands such as Red Hot Chili Peppers and Fishbone. Funk metal bands use a conventional riffing style influenced by 1980s thrash metal, unlike bands from other alternative metal genres. During the late-'90s, many bands which started out as funk metal branched out into more commercially viable genres, such as alternative rock and nu metal. Notable funk metal bands include Living Colour, Infectious Grooves, Mordred and Rage Against the Machine; the biggest regional scene during funk metal's prime was San Francisco. Nu metal is fusion genre that blends alternative metal and groove metal elements with other styles, including grunge, industrial and hip hop; the style is syncopated and based on riffs, is influenced by groove metal rhythm.
Some nu metal bands use seven-string guitars, which are sometimes down-tuned to increase heaviness, resulting in bass guitarists using five and six-string instruments. Turntables and samplers are sometimes included. Nu metal vocal styles range between melodic singing, rapping and death growling; the Bakersfield-based Korn became the first band to be labeled as "nu metal". MTV states that Korn "arrived in 1993 into the burgeoning alternative metal scene, which would morph into nü-metal the way college rock became alternative rock." Coal Chamber, Linkin Park, Papa Roach and Disturbed are prominent bands in this genre. Rap metal bands institute the vocal and lyrical form of hip hop. Examples of rap metal include Crazy Town, Stuck Mojo and Rage Against The Machine; the thrash metal band Anthrax helped pioneer the genre. Rap metal is mislabeled as rapcore or nu metal, a genre which has similar elements in the music, rap metal does not include turntables or sampling into its sound, although keyboards are used.
Rap metal bands, unlike nu metal bands, are always fronted by rappers. Rap metal lacks the melodic singing and growling associated with nu metal. Avant-garde metal or avant-metal known as experimental metal, is a subgenre of heavy metal music loosely defined by use of experimentation and characterized by the use of innovative, avant-garde elements, large-scale experimentation, the use of non-standard and unconventional sounds, song structures, playing styles, vocal techniques, it evolved out of progressive rock, jazz fusion, extreme metal death metal. Some local scenes include Los Angeles and the San Francisco Bay Area in the United States, Oslo in Norway, Tokyo in Japan. Pioneers of experimental metal include Boris, Celtic Frost, Helmet, Maudlin of the Well, Sunn O))), Voivod. Black metal is an extreme subgenre of heavy metal. Common traits include fast tempos, shrieked vocals distorted guitars played with tremolo picking, blast beat drumming, raw recording, unconventional song structures. During the 1980s, several thrash metal bands formed a prototype for black metal.
This so-called "first wave" included bands such as Venom, Bathory and Celtic Frost. A "second wave" arose in the early 1990s, spearheaded by Norwegian bands such as Mayhem, Darkthrone and Emperor; the music of the early Norwegian black metal scene became a distinct genre. Considered a synonym for "Satanic metal", black metal has been met with hostility from mainstream culture due to the misanthropic and anti-Christian standpoint of many artists. Moreover, several of the genre's pioneers have been linked with murder; some have been linked to neo-Nazism, however most black metal fans and most prominent black metal musicians reject Nazi ideology and oppose its influence on the black metal subculture. NSBM melds Neo-Nazi beliefs with hostility to "foreign" religions. Bands promote ethnic European paganism, occultism, or Satanism. Hendrik Möbus of Absurd described Nazism as the "most perfect synthesis of Satanic/Luciferian will to power, elitist Social Darwinism, connected to Aryan Germanic paganism".
Members of the band Der Stürmer subscribe to esoteric