Seoul the Seoul Special City, is the capital and largest metropolis of South Korea. With surrounding Incheon metropolis and Gyeonggi province, Seoul forms the heart of the Seoul Capital Area. Seoul is ranked as the fourth largest metropolitan economy in the world and is larger than London and Paris. Strategically situated on the Han River, Seoul's history stretches back over two thousand years, when it was founded in 18 BCE by the people of Baekje, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea; the city was designated the capital of Korea under the Joseon dynasty. Seoul is surrounded by a mountainous and hilly landscape, with Bukhan Mountain located on the northern edge of the city; as with its long history, the Seoul Capital Area contains five UNESCO World Heritage Sites: Changdeok Palace, Hwaseong Fortress, Jongmyo Shrine and the Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty. More Seoul has been a major site of modern architectural construction – major modern landmarks include the N Seoul Tower, the 63 Building, the Lotte World Tower, the Dongdaemun Design Plaza, Lotte World, Trade Tower, COEX, the IFC Seoul.
Seoul was named the 2010 World Design Capital. As the birthplace of K-pop and the Korean Wave, Seoul received over 10 million international visitors in 2014, making it the world's 9th most visited city and 4th largest earner in tourism. Today, Seoul is considered a leading and rising global city, resulting from the South Korean economic boom - referred to as the Miracle on the Han River - which transformed it into the world's 7th largest metropolitan economy with a GDP of US$635.4 billion in 2014 after Tokyo, New York City and Los Angeles. International visitors reach Seoul via AREX from the Incheon International Airport, notable for having been rated the best airport for nine consecutive years by the Airports Council International. In 2015, it was rated Asia's most livable city with the second highest quality of life globally by Arcadis, with the GDP per capita in Seoul being $39,786. Inhabitants of Seoul are faced with a high cost of living, for which the city was ranked 6th globally in 2017.
Seoul is an expensive real estate market, ranked 5th in the world for the price of apartments in the downtown center. With major technology hubs centered in Gangnam and Digital Media City, the Seoul Capital Area is home to the headquarters of 15 Fortune Global 500 companies, including Samsung, LG, Hyundai. Ranked sixth in the Global Power City Index and Global Financial Centres Index, the metropolis exerts a major influence in global affairs as one of the five leading hosts of global conferences. Seoul has hosted the 1986 Asian Games, 1988 Summer Olympics, 2002 FIFA World Cup, more the 2010 G-20 Seoul summit; the city has been known in the past by the names Wiryeseong, Hanseong, Keijō. During Japan's annexation of Korea, "Hanseong" was renamed "Keijō" by the Imperial authorities to prevent confusion with the hanja'漢', which refers to Han people or the Han dynasty and in Japanese is a term for "China", its current name originated from the Korean word meaning "capital city", believed to have descended from an ancient word, which referred to Gyeongju, the capital of Silla.
Ancient Gyeongju was known in documents by the Chinese-style name Geumseong, but it is unclear whether the native Korean-style name Seorabeol had the same meaning as Geumseong. Unlike most place names in Korea, "Seoul" has no corresponding hanja. On January 18, 2005, the Seoul government changed its official Chinese name from the historic Hancheng, still in common use, to Shou'er. Settlement of the Han River area, where present-day Seoul is located, began around 4000 BCE. Seoul is first recorded as the capital of Baekje in the northeastern Seoul area. There are several city walls remaining in the area. Pungnaptoseong, an earthen wall located southeast Seoul, is believed to have been at the main Wiryeseong site; as the Three Kingdoms competed for this strategic region, control passed from Baekje to Goguryeo in the 5th century, from Goguryeo to Silla in the 6th century. In the 11th century Goryeo, which succeeded Unified Silla, built a summer palace in Seoul, referred to as the "Southern Capital".
It was only from this period. When Joseon replaced Goryeo, the capital was moved to Seoul, where it remained until the fall of the dynasty; the Gyeongbok Palace, built in the 14th century, served as the royal residence until 1592. The other large palace, constructed in 1405, served as the main royal palace from 1611 to 1872. After Joseon changed her name to the Korean Empire in 1897, Hwangseong designated Seoul; the city was surrounded by a massive circular stone wall to provide its citizens security from wild animals and attacks. The city has grown beyond those walls and although the wall no longer stands, the gates remain near the downtown district of Seoul, including most notably Sungnyemun and Heunginjimun (commonly known as Dong
Voices from the FIFA World Cup
Voices from the FIFA World Cup is a collection of songs released at the time of the 2006 FIFA World Cup. Disc 1 "The Time of Our Lives" - Il Divo and Toni Braxton "Hips Don't Lie" - Shakira featuring Wyclef Jean "Your Song" - Elton John "Thank You" - Dido "Woman in Love" - Barbra Streisand "Because Of You" - Kelly Clarkson "Truly Madly Deeply" - Savage Garden "Why" - Annie Lennox "Just the Way You Are" - Billy Joel "Hero" - Mariah Carey "I'll Stand By You" - The Pretenders "Reach" - Gloria EstefanDisc 2 "Will You Be There" - Michael Jackson "Free Your Mind" - En Vogue "By Your Side" - Sade "I Believe In You" - Il Divo and Celine Dion "Bridge Over Troubled Water" - Simon & Garfunkel "Un-Break My Heart" - Toni Braxton "Ev'ry Time We Say Goodbye" - Rod Stewart "Bad Day" - Daniel Powter "Wind Beneath My Wings" - Bette Midler "One Moment in Time" - Whitney Houston "Always on My Mind" - Elvis Presley "Celebrate the Day FIFA World Cup 2006 Anthem" - Herbert Grönemeyer and Amadou et MariamBonus tracks: "Earth Song" - Michael Jackson "Praying for time" - George Michael "Wonderwall" - Oasis "You Raise Me Up" - Westlife "Born to Try" - Delta Goodrem "Here's to the Heroes" - Kane Alexander "One Day in Your Life" - Anastacia "Believer" - Rogue Traders "Learn to Fly" - Shannon Noll "I Believe I Can Fly" - R. Kelly "Another Day in Paradise" - Phil Collins "Private Emotion" - Ricky Martin "Rush" - Aly & AJ "Let's Do It Again" - TLC "Maria Maria" - Carlos Santana "Nessun dorma" - Amici Forever "Più bella cosa" - Eros Ramazzotti "You and Me" - Lifehouse "If I Ain't Got You" - Alicia Keys "Sunrise" - Simply Red "7 Seconds" - Youssou N'Dour feat Neneh Cherry "The Closest Thing to Crazy" - Katie Melua "Life" - Des'ree "Shiver" - Natalie Imbruglia "Your Game" - Will Young "Everyday" - Bon Jovi "Elevation" - U2 FIFA World Cup official anthems and songs
"Un'estate italiana", "Un verano italiano" or "To be number one", is a 1990 song composed by Giorgio Moroder with lyrics by Tom Whitlock for the 1990 FIFA World Cup held in Italy. The Italian version known as "Notti magiche" in Italy, was recorded by Italian artists Edoardo Bennato and Gianna Nannini, who wrote the Italian lyrics; the Spanish version known as "Noches mágicas" in Spanish, was recorded by Paraguayuan Susan Ferrer, who wrote the Spanish lyrics. The song achieved success on the charts of several European countries; the English version, released under the name "To be number one", performed by Giorgio Moroder Project, was the opening theme to RAI TV programs and matches related to the World Cup. For the Italian release, Moroder addressed Gianna Nannini and Edoardo Bennato, who rewrote the lyrics and took the song to the top of the charts in Italy and Switzerland. From January to September 1990, the song was the best-selling single in Italy; the song was presented for the first time by the two singer-songwriters in Milan in December 1989, performed live during the opening ceremony, held on June 8, 1990, in Milan, before the Argentina–Cameroon football match, followed also by the English version.
The song was among the first to contain a single instrumental version and to be published as a maxi single. In 1990, Hong Kong singer Alan Tam covered this song in Cantonese under the title "Ideals and Peace". 7" single"Un'estate italiana" – 4:07 "Un'estate italiana" – 4:0712" maxi"Un'estate italiana" – 4:50 "Un'estate italiana" – 4:07 "Un'estate italiana" – 4:07CD maxi"Un'estate italiana" – 4:50 "Un'estate italiana" – 4:07 "Un'estate italiana" – 4:07
Carnaval de Paris
"Carnaval de Paris" is a song by English electronic music trio Dario G. The song was recorded for the 1998 FIFA World Cup in France, it peaked at number five in the UK Singles Chart in 1998. The origins of the melody come from the world of football. During a 1996 pre-season tour of The Netherlands, Sheffield Wednesday F. C. picked up on a chant sung by the fans of FC Utrecht, with a tune inspired by the folk ballad "Oh My Darling, Clementine". This was adapted and brought back to England for the following 1996–97 FA Premier League; the chant was sung extensively at the home game with Nottingham Forest on 18 November 1996 helped by the club's resident band. This was picked up by other clubs in the Premier League, helped by the use of it at England matches. Sheffield Wednesday had lost their "barmy army" chant to the England cricket team and other football clubs. In an effort to either stem this spread of the song, the fans of Sheffield Wednesday added their own lyrics to the theme; this happened around the time of the Dario G single release.
The song, has now spread around the world, starting when fans of the U. S. men's national team used the tune in their first match after the September 11 attacks in a World Cup qualifier in Foxborough, Massachusetts against Jamaica. Amongst the supporters' clubs which have used the tune have been those in Portsmouth, Leicester City F. C. Chicago Fire, VfL Bochum, Wellington Phoenix, Sydney FC and D. C. United. In fact, Section 8 Chicago, a supporters' club for Chicago Fire, supplied lyrics for the instrumental tune. Rugby League rivals St. Helen's RLFC and Wigan Warriors both play it after a successful try conversion; this song appears like the soundtrack in the menu of Pro Evolution Soccer 2014, the video game by Konami. The song was used in Ford adverts for the UEFA Champions League from 2001 to 2005; the music video features children painted in the colours of the representative countries participating in the tournament. For example, it depicts a group of Scottish children kicking off a match against Brazilian children while playing Scottish Bagpipes, mirroring the opening game at France 1998.
A subsequent scene involving Jamaican children is set to music with steel drums. Kieran Kiely - Accordion John Themis - Chung Ruan & Spanish Guitar Andy Duncan - Battacuda & Latin Percussion Sikus - Victoria Céspedes Bob Murphy - Bagpipes Stuart Brooks - Trumpet Pete Thorns - Trombone Ebony Steel Band - Steel Drums
World in Motion
"World in Motion" is a song by British musical group New Order. It has been New Order's only number one song in the UK Singles Chart; the song was produced for the England national football team's 1990 FIFA World Cup campaign, features a guest rap by England footballer John Barnes and additional vocals by several members of the English team of 1990, comedian Keith Allen, who had co-written the lyric. One of the band members described the single as "the last straw for Joy Division fans," noting how its upbeat sound had inverted their former band's famously gloomy image; the song was announced as being called "E for England", but the Football Association vetoed the title, realising that it sounded suspiciously like a reference to the drug ecstasy. Allen claimed that his original draft lyrics ran "E is for England, England starts with E / We'll all be smiling when we're in Italy." After being internationally released, it was shown before the movie Die Hard 2. The Football Association Press Officer at the time, David Bloomfield, a fan of Joy Division, contacted Tony Wilson, the head of New Order's label Factory Records, with the suggestion that the band record a track for the forthcoming World Cup in Italy.
Without any hesitation, Wilson agreed. Bloomfield had seen and heard England's previous World Cup tunes and thought them uniformly dull, with the possible exception of the 1970 single, "Back Home". Bloomfield had been inspired by a track by Colourbox called "The Official Colourbox World Cup Theme", he had noticed that the respected BBC Radio DJ John Peel played tracks by American football teams, deeming them good enough to play on his show without a hint of irony. Watching television one night, Bloomfield found himself watching "Best and Marsh", a concoction of football chat and action clips; when the credits ran at the end of the programme, he noticed that the theme music was provided by New Order. In a eureka-like moment, he knew in an instant that he needed to contact Wilson and get the ball rolling. There was a bit of a stand off between the agent acting on behalf of the England squad and Wilson with Bloomfield acting to get the parties talking once more; the players were by no means all willing to get involved.
They were of the view that World Cup records were all dire and many didn't want to be associated with a band that few of them were familiar with. Gary Lineker was an absentee, not wishing to add his support to the official track because he was working on his own World Cup single, the poorly received "If we win it all". Fewer than ten players turned up for the recording session, which took place before the squad met up on a Sunday afternoon, prior to an international match at Wembley. However, there was a good mood in the studio as the players added their vocals to the backing track that New Order had put together; the FA placed no restrictions or indeed gave any guidance to New Order, although Bloomfield had warned that he didn't want anything associated with hooliganism. The backing track for "World in Motion" bore some similarities to the instrumental theme tune for the DEF II current affairs programme, written for the show by Stephen Morris and Gillian Gilbert of New Order. "World in Motion" was produced by Stephen Hague, who had produced one of the group's earlier hits, "True Faith".
The single was released in May 1990, with the catalogue number FAC 293. It was New Order's last release on Factory Records; the "They think it's all over" quotation, uttered by football commentator Kenneth Wolstenholme at the end of the 1966 World Cup Final, between England and West Germany, is utilised at the beginning and end of the track, somewhat less known samples, such as "A beauty scored by Bobby Charlton" and "We Want Goals", are taken from Goal!, the official documentary film of the tournament of 1966. The squad with Allen sing the refrain at the end. A rap is performed by England player John Barnes towards the end of the track. Barnes was selected to perform the rap, after a contest with other players including Peter Beardsley, Paul Gascoigne, Chris Waddle; the rap was improvised on the spot with Liverpool's Craig Johnston, not involved in the England set up in any way, penning the rap on a scrap of paper. The sleeve credits Barnes, Gascoigne, Steve McMahon and Des Walker as providing vocals, though the entire squad is seen miming to the refrain in the video.
The rap is the most remembered part of the original song, becoming an iconic piece of English football culture in its own right, familiar to subsequent generations of England football fans not born in 1990. The single's B-side, an early version of the A-side, was titled "The B-Side", extending the football theme of the release, it was produced by former Swans member Roli Mosimann. Besides a different arrangement and some different lyrics, this version lacks the commentary samples and squad vocals, with Keith Allen's "naff football chants and JB impersonation" in their place. Like "True Faith", "Fine Time" and "Round & Round" before it, the single was issued on two separate 12" singles, the first featuring the original mix of the song, the second containing reinterpretations by outside remixers; this would be the last New Order single released in this way. Remixers Andrew Weatherall and Terry Farley were supplied with an alternative chorus vocal, with the result that the chorus hook on their mixes runs "We've got the world in motion" rather than the original "Love's got the world in moti
Gloryland World Cup USA 94
Gloryland World Cup USA 94 is the official FIFA release for songs of the 1994 FIFA World Cup held in the United States. It has been published under titles such as Soccer Rocks the Globe: World Cup USA 94; the Global album contains a different set of songs flavored by European-language songs and arrangements not found on Soccer Rocks the World. A Latin American version of the album was released. Queen — "We Are the Champions" Daryl Hall & Sounds of Blackness — "Gloryland" James — "Goal, Goal" Tears for Fears — "New Star" The Moody Blues — "This Is the Moment" Fleetwood Mac — "Blow by Blow" Jon Bon Jovi — "Blaze of Glory" Tina Turner — "The Best" Gary Glitter — "Rock & Roll'94" Scorpions — "Under the Same Sun" Kool & the Gang — "Celebration'94" Santana — "Luz, Amor Y Vida" The Crowd — "Anthem" "Gloryland" Queen — "We Are the Champions" Daryl Hall & Sounds of Blackness — "Gloryland" Vazelina Bilopphøggers — "Duellen I L. A." James — "Goal, Goal" The Crowd — "Anthem" Tears for Fears — "New Star" Jahn Teigen — "På Vei Til USA" The Moody Blues — "This Is the Moment" Fleetwood Mac — "Blow by Blow" Stelle Azzurre — "Italia Ancora" Jon Bon Jovi — "Blaze of Glory" Tina Turner — "The Best" Kool & the Gang — "Celebration'94" Scorpions — "No Pain, No Gain" Santana — "Luz, Amor y Vida" Daryl Hall — "Move on Up" Peter Koelewijn & Gerry Marsden — "You'll Never Walk Alone" Glory featuring Snake Davis — "Gloryland" Queen — "We Are the Champions" Daryl Hall & Sounds of Blackness — "Gloryland" James — "Goal, Goal" The Crowd — "Anthem" Tears for Fears — "New Star" The Moody Blues — "This Is the Moment" Fleetwood Mac — "Blow by Blow" Stelle Azzurre — "Italia Ancora" Jon Bon Jovi — "Blaze of Glory" Tina Turner — "The Best" Gary Glitter — "Rock & Roll'94" Kool & the Gang — "Celebration'94" Scorpions — "No Pain, No Gain" Santana — "Luz, Amor y Vida" Daryl Hall — "Move on Up" Peter Koelewijn & Gerry Marsden — "You'll Never Walk Alone" Glory featuring Snake Davis — "Gloryland" FIFA World Cup official anthems and songs
Anthem (Vangelis song)
"Anthem" by Vangelis is the theme music for 2002 FIFA World Cup held in South Korea and Japan. The single was commercially successful in Japan, being certified platinum for sales of over 100,000 copies; the single reached #89 position in the UK single charts. It received the "Song of the Year" award by RIAJ; the versions were included in the official soundtrack Fever Pitch and The Official Album of the 2002 FIFA World Cup. The single included for TV opening for 2002 FIFA World Cup. "Anthem – 2002 FIFA World Cup Official Anthem" - "Anthem – 2002 FIFA World Cup Official Anthem" - "Anthem – JS 16 Radio Edit – 2002 FIFA World Cup Official Anthem" - "Anthem – Takkyu Ishino Remix Radio Edit – 2002 Fifa World Cup Official Anthem" -