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Show Yourself (Disney song)

"Show Yourself" is a song from the 2019 Disney film Frozen II. It is performed by Idina Menzel and Evan Rachel Wood, written by Kristen Anderson-Lopez and Robert Lopez. Elsa follows a mysterious voice across the Dark Sea to Ahtohallan, she explores memories of the past, discovering the secrets of what occurred in the Enchanted Forest and the source of her powers. She sings "Show Yourself"; the original version of the song was six-and-a-half minutes long. "It had to be triumphant and the process took us about six months to do because all the rest of the story was still locking. We just had to keep rewriting the last three minutes of the song so much, but now I love the moment when she Nokk, the water horse, you feel this joyful settling in Elsa." Lopez gave a similar account: "When we saw the first round of visuals and we saw it in the film, everyone agreed changes needed to happen. And it went back and forth for months—it’s now four minutes and 20 seconds and it has a big ending, it transformed a lot, it was hard."

At the time of its original theatrical release, the film was released in 47 versions worldwide, with the song Show Yourself counting 46 versions overall: Charlotte Hervieux and Prisca Demarez's recording of the song was used in both French versions released in Europe and Canada, although the rest of the dubbings were independent. Among the dubbings released, versions in Tamil and Northern Sami were recorded for the sequel though the first movie has never been dubbed into these languages; as with Moana with Tahitian, Māori and Hawaiian versions, the Sami version was an exceptional dubbing made for the movie, due to the inspiration it took from Sami culture. Norwegian-Swedish composer Christine Hals, who voiced Iduna in the Norwegian version, had taken part in Frozen, writing the lyrics in Old Norse for the song "Heimr Àrnadalr" and performing kulning for Beck to use it in his score; as with Frozen, Dutch musical actress Willemijn Verkaik lent her voice to Elsa both in the Dutch and German-language versions, Spanish singer Gisela, together with actress Isabel Valls, performed both the Catalan and European Spanish versions, while Indian singer Sunitha Sarathy voiced Iduna in both Tamil and Telugu.

USA Today wrote "it's a joy to listen to her nail every note in sight". Stuff praised it for incorporating the film's other musical motifs; the New York Times compared its theme of self-acceptance with "Let It Go" from Frozen. Like "Let It Go", the track has been interpreted as a coming out for the LGBTQ community; the song debuted at number 99 on the Billboard Hot 100 before rising to 70 in its second week

Larisa Matros

Larisa Grigorievna Matros is a philosopher and writer of fiction. Matros was born in 1938 in Odessa, where she graduated from the Law Department of the Odessa State University in 1963; the first steps in her career were defined by the legal profession—a job in law enforcement from 1960 to 1962 and a job as a legal adviser in the Trade Company from 1962 to 1964. After moving to Akademgorodok in 1964, L. Matros’ career took a turn, from practicing lawyer to scientist. In Akademgorodok, she started as a post graduate student at the Department of Philosophy of the Novosibirsk State University, where she received a PhD in Philosophy in 1972. After that, during the years 1974-1991, she worked in the Siberian Branch of the Academy of Medical Sciences. Where she was promoted to the position of chair of the Philosophy Department of the Presidium of the Siberian Branch. During those years Matros published about one hundred scholarly works, including a book The Right to Health, with co-author, well-known academician V. Kaznacheev, 1979.

The main publication of Matros that reflects a generalized analysis of her research, is the monograph Social Aspects of Health Problems, which appeared in print in 1992 and became until now one of the basic publications and quotation book in the field of the science of sociology of medicine. Matros’ research and academic work were always combined with corresponding science-organizing activity". In 1992 Larisa Matros turned to literary activity. Since the first years of this period of her life she became engaged in cultural and literary life of both the United States and Russia; the main publications at this part of Matros’ creative career are two large sociological novels Presumption of Guilt and It Is Called Life. In the first novel Matros applies her former scientific experience and knowledge to fiction, in which "alongside fictional characters act real people," well-known persons: politicians, public figures, it is a novel about the history of Soviet sociology, fate of Russian intelligentsia, humanities scientists, their input into social processes, their hopes and disappointments in Khrushchev’s reforms and Gorbachev’s perestroika.

In historical and fictional plots the author addresses the "main theme of the novel the responsibility of intelligentsia for society and the responsibility of society for intelligentsia." One of the main subjects that made this book special is the historical and sociological analysis of the phenomenon of the world-famous science center in Siberia – Akademgorodok where the author spent 27 years.>She was a winner of the Contest "Russia-France" in 2015 carried out by the Moscow city organization of the Union of Writers of Russia Matros L. G, Social Aspects of Health Problems. Monograph, Novosibirsk, 1992. Matros, And Life, Tears, Love, poetry collection, St. Petersburg, Nasibulin, 1998. Matros, Presumption of Guilt, sociological novel, Liberty Publishing House, New York, 2000. Matros, Larisa, It Is Called Life, sociological novel, Art-Avenue, Novosibirsk, 2007. Matros, Not So Small Tragedies, collection of short stories and small novels, M-Graphics, Boston, 2010. Matros, Geometry of Thoughts, collection of journalist and literary reviews, New York, 2009.

Matros, Asymmetry of the Senses, collection of short stories and essays, New York, 2010. Matros, Sometimes It Happens, New York, 2012. Kaznacheev, V. P, Matros L. G, The right to health, Moscow, 1979. Matros, Poeziia russkikh filisofov dvadtsatogo veka. Antologiia, collected by M. Sergeev and L. Stolovich, Boston: M-Graphics, 2011, pp. 183–195. Larisa Matros audio book " Everything Started From Love" St. Petersburg, Writing by Pen. 2015 Methodological Problems in Medicine and Biology, Novosibirsk, 1985. Human Health in the Condition of Scientific and Technological Revolution, Novosibirsk, 1989. Http://magazines.russ.ru/authors/m/matros/

Tuvia Grossman

Tuvia Grossman is an American-Israeli man, wrongly identified as a Palestinian when the caption of an Associated Press photograph of an Israeli police officer defending him from a violent Arab mob, was published. The photograph, taken during the Second Intifada in 2000, as published in The New York Times, The Associated Press, The Wall Street Journal, other newspapers worldwide, gave the impression that the Israeli police officer had brutally beaten a Palestinian. On the eve of Rosh Hashana 2000, Grossman, a student from Chicago at Yeshivas Bais Yisroel in the Neve Yaakov neighborhood of Jerusalem, hailed a taxi with two friends to visit the Western Wall; when the driver took a shortcut through the Arab neighborhood of Wadi al-Joz, a mob of about 40 Arabs surrounded the taxi, smashed the windows, dragged Grossman out, whereupon they beat him. The mob kicked him stabbed him once in the leg, pounded his head with rocks. Grossman managed to run to a nearby gas station, where he collapsed, an Israeli policeman, wielding a club protected him, threatening the mob.

This was when the infamous picture was taken, by a freelance photographer, at the gas station, of Grossman bleeding and crouched under the policeman, shouting and waving his club. At the outset of the Second Intifada on September 30, 2000, the New York Times and other media outlets published an Associated Press photo of a bloodied Grossman crouching beneath a club-wielding Israeli policeman; the caption under the photo identified the two as: "an Israeli policeman and a Palestinian."The victim's true identity was revealed when Dr. Aaron Grossman of Chicago, the father of Tuvia Grossman, sent the following letter to the Times: Regarding your picture on page A5 of the Israeli soldier and the Palestinian on the Temple Mount -- that Palestinian is my son, Tuvia Grossman, a Jewish student from Chicago. He, two of his friends, were pulled from their taxicab while traveling in Jerusalem, by a mob of Palestinian Arabs, were beaten and stabbed; that picture could not have been taken on the Temple Mount because there are no gas stations on the Temple Mount and none with Hebrew lettering, like the one seen behind the Israeli soldier attempting to protect my son from the mob.

In response, The New York Times published a correction on October 4, stating that: A picture caption on Saturday about fighting between Israelis and Palestinians in Jerusalem included an erroneous identification from The Associated Press for a wounded man shown with an Israeli policeman. He was an American student in Israel, not an unidentified Palestinian. In some copies the caption misidentified the site where Mr. Grossman was wounded, it was in Jerusalem's Old City, but not on the Temple Mount. In this correction, Tuvia Grossman is identified as "an American student in Israel," but it is not noted that he is Jewish and his beating is not described; the location is still misstated, this time as Jerusalem's Old City, while the true location was the Arab neighborhood of Wadi al-Joz. Three days on October 7, the Times published another correction, noting that: A picture caption on Page A6 last Saturday about fighting in Jerusalem gave an erroneous identification from The Associated Press for a wounded man shown with an Israeli policeman.

He was Tuvia Grossman of Chicago, an American studying at a Jewish seminary in Jerusalem, not an unidentified Palestinian. In some copies the caption included the news agency's erroneous reference to the site; the incident occurred in an Arab neighborhood of Jerusalem, not on the Temple Mount or elsewhere in the Old City. A correction in this space on Wednesday cited the errors incompletely and omitted an explanation of the scene; the officer was waving a nightstick at Palestinians. He was not beating Mr. Grossman; this note was accurate, accompanied by an article which described the beating: They looked out, as they recalled and saw a crowd of Palestinian youths blocking the road and closing in on them. A stone crashed through the back window and Mr. Pollock's head was gashed. All of the taxi's windows were shattered in a volley of rocks, the terrified Americans tried to huddle down and cover their faces; the doors were jerked open, they said, they were dragged out by the mob and beaten. The article further noted that: The officer, wielding a club and moving toward him protectively, ordered the Palestinians to back off.

"He recognized that Tuvia was Jewish and was being pursued, he was yelling,'Back off! Back off!'" Mr. Grossman's aunt, Shelley Winkler, of Far Rockaway, said yesterday, having learned what happened from Mr. Grossman's parents, Dr. Aaron and Tzirel Grossman, who went to Israel early in the week. In April 2002, a District Court in Paris ordered the French daily newspaper Libération and the Associated Press to pay 4,500 Euros to Grossman in damages for misrepresenting him; the picture led to widespread outrage from the American Jewish community. The outrage was caused not only by the picture, but by the first brief retraction - described by Honest Reporting as "half-hearted" - which failed to identify Grossman as a Jew, left out the part about his beating at the hands of an Arab mob. According to Seth Ackerman of FAIR, a liberal media watchdog, seven to eight U. S. newspapers picked up the photo along with the original erroneous caption. The Associated Press acknowledged the error and set about correcting it, along with all of the newspapers that printed the photograph.

The New York Times published two retractions as well as a 670-word news article tracing the incident from the time

Contact hypothesis

In psychology and other social sciences, the contact hypothesis suggests that intergroup contact under appropriate conditions can reduce prejudice between majority and minority group members. Following WWII and the desegregation of the military and other public institutions and social scientists had turned an eye towards the policy implications of interracial contact. Of them, social psychologist Gordon Allport united early research in this vein under intergroup contact theory. In 1954, Allport published The Nature of Prejudice, in which he outlined the most cited form of the hypothesis; the premise of Allport's hypothesis states that under appropriate conditions interpersonal contact could be one of the most effective ways to reduce prejudice between majority and minority group members. According to Allport, properly managed contact should reduce issues of stereotyping and discrimination that occur between rival groups and lead to better intergroup interactions. In the decades following Allport's book, social scientists expanded and applied the contact hypothesis towards the reduction of prejudice beyond racism, including prejudice towards physically and mentally disabled people, LGBTQ+ people, in hundreds of different studies.

In some subfields of criminology and sociology, intergroup contact has been described as one of the best ways to improve relations among groups in conflict. Nonetheless, the effects of intergroup contact vary from context to context, empirical inquiry continues to this day. While Gordon W. Allport is credited with the development of the contact hypothesis, the idea that interpersonal contact could improve intergroup relations was not a novel one. In the 1930s and 1940s, writers had begun speculating about the outcomes of interracial contact. In 1947, sociologist R. M. Williams described interpersonal collaboration with goal interdependence as a worthwhile strategy to reduce intergroup hostility. Following WWII, social scientists examined the effects of desegregation on racial attitudes in the U. S. Merchant Marine, in desegregated New York City housing projects. In 1951, as national attention turned to issues of desegregation in schools leading up to Brown v. Board of Education, Robert Carter and Thurgood Marshall, from the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, solicited expert opinions from social science.

A range of social scientists, from Kenneth Clark to Floyd and Gordon Allport, weighed in on the psychological effects of desegregation, conditions under which interracial contact might attenuate racial prejudice, including an amicus curiae brief filed in the Brown v. Board case. Other studies have claimed that contact hypothesis is a simple and optimistic and that contact would most gravitate toward hostility rather than friendship if two competitive parties were involved. If groups with a negative outlook were brought together, it would lead to increases of negative attitudes rather than positive. Allport situated his formulation of the contact hypothesis in broader discussion of racial diversity—a precursor to interracial proximity and contact. While diversity more might foment conflict and prejudice, Allport suggested that contact, under four particular conditions, would facilitate intergroup understanding and reduce prejudice. In the years prior to Allport’s framing of intergroup contact theory, social scientists had begun discussing the conditions of intergroup contact that would produce intergroup anxiety, prejudice, or other “detrimental psychological effects”.

Wilner, Walkley, & Cook, two years prior to The Nature of Prejudice, studied segregation and integration in housing projects, suggested four conditions under which intergroup attitudes would change for the better. Under the assumption that prejudice arises from racial segregation, they suggested that it would diminish when members occupy “the same or equivalent roles in the situation,” share background characteristics like education, age, or socioeconomic status, perceive common interests or goals, when the “social climate is not unfavorable to interracial association.”Concurrently, Carolyn Sherif and Muzafer Sherif developed their Robbers Cave experiment, an illustration of realistic conflict theory. The Sherifs highlighted the importance of superordinate goals and equal status between groups, but notably, did not weigh in alongside other social scientists in their amicus brief for Brown v. Board of Education. In Allport's own words, " may be reduced by equal status contact between majority and minority groups in the pursuit of common goals.

The effect is enhanced if this contact is sanctioned by institutional supports, provided it is of a sort that leads to the perception of common interests and common humanity between members of the two groups." In other words, four conditions under which intergroup contact will reduce prejudice are: Equal status. Both groups must engage in the relationship. Members of the group should have similar backgrounds and characteristics. Differences in academic backgrounds, skill, or experiences should be minimized if these qualities will influence perceptions of prestige and rank in the group. Common goals. Both groups must work on a problem/task and share this as a common goal, sometimes called a superordinate goal, a goal that can only be attained if the members of two or more groups work together by pooling their efforts and resources. Intergroup cooperation. Both groups must work together for their common goals without competition. Groups need to work together in the pursuit of common goals. Support of authorities, law or customs.

Both groups must acknowledge some authority that supports

Louis Saillant

Louis André Saillant was a French trade unionist and resistance fighter. Born in Valance, Saillant worked as a cabinet maker, he became active in the General Confederation of Labour, becoming secretary of its Building and Woodworkers' Federation. In 1940, the Vichy government outlawed trade unions, but the CGT continued, illegally, in support of the French Resistance. Saillant was a signatory to the Manifesto of the Twelve, in which twelve leading trade unionists publicly opposed Vichy policy, was active in Libération-Nord. In 1943, the CGT was a founding element of the National Council of the Resistance, Saillant became its delegate to the CNR, taking over as chair of the resistance in 1944. After World War II, Saillant was elected as the general secretary of the World Federation of Trade Unions; when the right-wing split away from the CGT, he supported the communist majority, but thereafter devoted his time to the WFTU. Saillant denounced the 1968 invasion of Czechoslovakia, he resigned as leader of the WFTU shortly afterwards, blaming health problems, was instead made honorary president of the federation.

He was president of the World Peace Movement, won the Lenin Prize. Newspaper clippings about Louis Saillant in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW