The Reading Eagle is the major daily newspaper in Reading, Pennsylvania, in the United States. This family-owned newspaper has a daily circulation of 49,375 and a Sunday circulation of 70,832, it serves the Berks County region of Pennsylvania. The paper was founded on January 28, 1868, it was an afternoon paper, published Monday through Saturday with a Sunday morning edition beginning publication some time later. In 1940, the Eagle acquired the Reading Times, a morning paper, but they remained separate papers; the staff of the two papers was combined in 1982. In June 2002, the Reading Times ceased publishing, the Eagle became a morning paper. Author John Updike worked at the Eagle as a copyboy in his youth for several summer internships in the early 1950s, wrote several feature articles. In 2009, the newspaper switched to a Berliner format and laid off 52 employees in late April of that year. On May 23, 2018, the newspaper cut 16 percent of its newsroom staff. Less than a year the company announced it was filing for bankruptcy protection on March 20, 2019.
For many years, the Sunday Reading Eagle featured a banner on its Sunday comics section saying "Biggest Comics Section in the Land". It carried half pages of Prince Valiant, Hägar the Horrible, Tarzan, as well as smaller versions of Dick Tracy, The Phantom, a large number of popular humor strips. On July 8, 2018, however, if followed the path of most dwindling American newspapers, reduced the size of its comics section and of the strips it carries. Reading Eagle Google News archives 1868-2008
Système universitaire de documentation
The système universitaire de documentation or SUDOC is a system used by the libraries of French universities and higher education establishments to identify and manage the documents in their possession. The catalog, which contains more than 10 million references, allows students and researcher to search for bibliographical and location information in over 3,400 documentation centers, it is maintained by the Bibliographic Agency for Higher Education. Official website
Reading is a city in and the county seat of Berks County, United States. With a population of 87,575, it is the fifth-largest city in Pennsylvania. Located in the southeastern part of the state, it is the principal city of the Greater Reading Area, is furthermore included in the Philadelphia-Reading-Camden PA-NJ-DE-MD Combined Statistical Area; the city, halfway between the state's most populous city and the state capital, Harrisburg is strategically situated along a major transportation route from Central to Eastern Pennsylvania, lent its name to the now-defunct Reading Railroad, which transported anthracite coal from the Pennsylvania Coal Region to the eastern United States via the Port of Philadelphia. Reading Railroad is one of the four railroad properties in the classic United States version of the Monopoly board game. Reading was one of the first localities, it has been known as "The Pretzel City", because of numerous local pretzel bakeries. Bachman, Tom Sturgis, Unique Pretzel bakeries call the Reading area home.
According to the 2010 census, Reading has the highest share of citizens living in poverty in the nation. In recent years, the Reading area has become a destination for cyclists. With more than 125 miles of trails in five major preserves, it is an International Mountain Bicycling Association Ride Center and held the Reading Radsport Festival on September 8–9, 2017. In April 2017, it was announced that an indoor velodrome, or cycling track, will be built in Reading as the first of its kind on the East Coast and only the second in the entire country. Albright College and the World Cycling League formally announced plans April 6, 2017, to build the $20 million, 2,500-seat facility, which will be called the National Velodrome and Events Center at Albright College, it will serve as the Cycling League's world headquarters. Lenni Lenape people known as "Delaware Indians", were the original inhabitants of the Reading area; the Colony of Pennsylvania was a 1680 land grant from King Charles II of England to William Penn.
Comprising more than 45,000 square miles, it was named for Sir William Penn.. In 1743, Richard and Thomas Penn mapped out the town of Reading with Conrad Weiser. Taking its name from Reading, England, the town was established in 1748. Upon the creation of Berks County in 1752, Reading became the county seat; the region was settled by emigrants from southern and western Germany, who bought land from the Penns. The first Amish community in the New World was established in Berks County; the Pennsylvanian German dialect was spoken in the area later. During the French and Indian War, Reading was a military base for a chain of forts along the Blue Mountain. By the time of the American Revolution, the area's iron industry had a total production exceeding England's; that output helped supply George Washington's troops with cannons and ammunition in the Revolutionary War. During the early period of the conflict, Reading was again a depot for military supply. Hessian prisoners from the Battle of Trenton were detained here.
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania was the capital of the United States at the time of the Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1793. President Washington traveled to Reading, considered making it the emergency national capital, but chose Germantown instead. Susanna Cox was tried and convicted for infanticide in Reading in 1809, her case attracted tremendous sympathy. Census data showed that, from 1810 to 1950, Reading was among the nation's top one hundred largest urban places; the Schuylkill Canal, a north-south canal completed in 1825, paralleled the Schuylkill River and connected Reading with Philadelphia and the Delaware River. The Union Canal, an east-west canal completed in 1828, connected the Schuylkill and Susquehanna Rivers, ran from Reading to Middletown, Pennsylvania, a few miles south of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Railroads forced the abandonment of the canals by the 1880s; the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad was incorporated in 1833. During the Long Depression following the Panic of 1873, a statewide railroad strike in 1877 over delayed wages led to a violent protest and clash with the National Guard in which six Reading men were killed.
Following more than a century of prosperity, the Reading Company was forced to file for bankruptcy protection in 1971. The bankruptcy was a result of dwindling coal shipping revenues and strict government regulations that denied railroads the ability to set competitive prices, required high taxes, forced the railroads to continue to operate money-losing passenger service lines. On April 1, 1976, the Reading Company sold its current railroad interests to the newly formed Consolidated Railroad Corporation; the Charles Evans Cemetery is the non-sectarian cemetery where many of the city's prominent business and community leaders have been buried since the cemetery's opening in the 1840s. Established through the donation of land by Reading attorney and philanthropist Charles Evans and a subsequent financial endowment upon his death in 1847, which provided for future improvements to the grounds, the cemetery became a primary gathering point for annual Memorial Day activities from the late 19th through the late 20th centuries due to the presence of the Grand Army of the Republic monument, dedicated there in 1887.
Early in the 20th century, the city participated in the burgeoning automobile and motorcycle industry as home to the pioneer "Brass Era" companies, Daniels Motor Comp
The New York Times
The New York Times is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership. Founded in 1851, the paper has won more than any other newspaper; the Times is ranked 17th in the world by circulation and 2nd in the U. S; the paper is owned by The New York Times Company, publicly traded and is controlled by the Sulzberger family through a dual-class share structure. It has been owned by the family since 1896. G. Sulzberger, the paper's publisher, his father, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. the company's chairman, are the fourth and fifth generation of the family to helm the paper. Nicknamed "The Gray Lady", the Times has long been regarded within the industry as a national "newspaper of record"; the paper's motto, "All the News That's Fit to Print", appears in the upper left-hand corner of the front page. Since the mid-1970s, The New York Times has expanded its layout and organization, adding special weekly sections on various topics supplementing the regular news, editorials and features.
Since 2008, the Times has been organized into the following sections: News, Editorials/Opinions-Columns/Op-Ed, New York, Sports of The Times, Science, Home and other features. On Sunday, the Times is supplemented by the Sunday Review, The New York Times Book Review, The New York Times Magazine and T: The New York Times Style Magazine; the Times stayed with the broadsheet full-page set-up and an eight-column format for several years after most papers switched to six, was one of the last newspapers to adopt color photography on the front page. The New York Times was founded as the New-York Daily Times on September 18, 1851. Founded by journalist and politician Henry Jarvis Raymond and former banker George Jones, the Times was published by Raymond, Jones & Company. Early investors in the company included Edwin B. Morgan, Christopher Morgan, Edward B. Wesley. Sold for a penny, the inaugural edition attempted to address various speculations on its purpose and positions that preceded its release: We shall be Conservative, in all cases where we think Conservatism essential to the public good.
We do not believe that everything in Society is either right or wrong. In 1852, the newspaper started a western division, The Times of California, which arrived whenever a mail boat from New York docked in California. However, the effort failed. On September 14, 1857, the newspaper shortened its name to The New-York Times. On April 21, 1861, The New York Times began publishing a Sunday edition to offer daily coverage of the Civil War. One of the earliest public controversies it was involved with was the Mortara Affair, the subject of twenty editorials in the Times alone; the main office of The New York Times was attacked during the New York City Draft Riots. The riots, sparked by the beginning of drafting for the Union Army, began on July 13, 1863. On "Newspaper Row", across from City Hall, Henry Raymond stopped the rioters with Gatling guns, early machine guns, one of which he manned himself; the mob diverted, instead attacking the headquarters of abolitionist publisher Horace Greeley's New York Tribune until being forced to flee by the Brooklyn City Police, who had crossed the East River to help the Manhattan authorities.
In 1869, Henry Raymond died, George Jones took over as publisher. The newspaper's influence grew in 1870 and 1871, when it published a series of exposés on William Tweed, leader of the city's Democratic Party—popularly known as "Tammany Hall" —that led to the end of the Tweed Ring's domination of New York's City Hall. Tweed had offered The New York Times five million dollars to not publish the story. In the 1880s, The New York Times transitioned from supporting Republican Party candidates in its editorials to becoming more politically independent and analytical. In 1884, the paper supported Democrat Grover Cleveland in his first presidential campaign. While this move cost The New York Times a portion of its readership among its more progressive and Republican readers, the paper regained most of its lost ground within a few years. After George Jones died in 1891, Charles Ransom Miller and other New York Times editors raised $1 million dollars to buy the Times, printing it under the New York Times Publishing Company.
However, the newspaper was financially crippled by the Panic of 1893, by 1896, the newspaper had a circulation of less than 9,000, was losing $1,000 a day. That year, Adolph Ochs, the publisher of the Chattanooga Times, gained a controlling interest in the company for $75,000. Shortly after assuming control of the paper, Ochs coined the paper's slogan, "All The News That's Fit To Print"; the slogan has appeared in the paper since September 1896, has been printed in a box in the upper left hand corner of the front page since early 1897. The slogan was a jab at competing papers, such as Joseph Pulitzer's New York World and William Randolph Hearst's New York Journal, which were known for a lurid and inaccurate reporting of facts and opinions, described by the end of the century as "yellow journalism". Under Ochs' guidance, aided by Carr
Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of several national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late 1990s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities; this would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library and the OCLC on August 6, 2003; the Bibliothèque nationale de France joined the project on October 5, 2007. The project transitioned to being a service of the OCLC on April 4, 2012; the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, refers to the original authority records.
The data are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol; the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month; as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records. Authority control Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Integrated Authority File International Standard Authority Data Number International Standard Name Identifier Wikipedia's authority control template for articles Official website VIAF at OCLC
Reading Public Museum
The Reading Public Museum, in West Reading, has displays featuring science and civilizations, a planetarium and a 25-acre arboretum. It offers educational programs for families and children. Galleries feature an eclectic variety from art and artifacts of world civilizations, to natural history and the cultures of Native Americans and Pennsylvania Germans. While the art of many nations and people is represented in the permanent collection, special emphasis has been placed on painting; the fine art collection includes more than seven hundred oil paintings by American and foreign artists such as Benjamin West, Milton Avery, John Singer Sargent, N. C. Wyeth, George Bellows, Raphaelle Peale, Frederic Church, Joshua Reynolds, Edgar Degas. In addition, the Reading Public Museum possesses over one hundred sculptures, thousands of graphics, more than two hundred water colors. Modern and Contemporary art in the collection includes works by Dale Chihuly, Chuck Close, Keith Haring Art objects of importance have come to the Reading Museum from all over the world.
The series of Greek vases contain some excellent examples of the various periods and techniques which illustrate the development of this art form. The museum features a real mummy from the Ptolemaic period in ancient Egypt; the natural history collection includes hundreds of thousands of insects, thousands of birds and mammals, more than 25,000 specimens that document the mineral wealth of our planet. Over 30,000 objects are included in the anthropological and historical collections, including sculpture from Southeast Asia and jade from China, Roman glass, Pre-Columbian gold and a large and comprehensive collection of sculpture and textile work of American Indians, much of, unique to the Museum. Many of the works in the collection have been generously donated by public-spirited citizens; the Reading Museum contains many priceless collections. Over 11,000 first class specimens, the best of several old collections purchased by Levi Walter Mengel in the first half of this century, make up the collection of Berks County Indian relics.
Dr. Mengel's personal collections, donated during his lifetime, formed the nucleus of the present Museum; the first important teaching exhibits of museum calibre were obtained at the St. Louis World's Fair in 1904. Nearly 2,000 items were obtained from China, India, the Philippines and the Central and South American Republics. With this as a beginning, the third floor of the Reading School District administration building at Eighth and Washington Streets was converted into a museum in 1907. In 1913, the first suggestion was made. Several paintings were presented and the name of the infant museum became the READING PUBLIC MUSEUM AND ART GALLERY, it was in 1924 that the Reading School District asked the citizens of Reading to approve a loan to provide certain needed school buildings. Included in this were provisions for a modern museum building. After a campaign in which the school children took an active part, the loan was passed and the plans for the Museum were drawn up; the present site was selected and donated to the Reading School District by Ferdinand Thun, Henry Janssen, Gustav Oberlaender, three Wyomissing textile magnates, friends of Dr. Mengel, breaking ground in 1925.
By 1928 the current Museum building opened to the public and the collections continued to grow. As with most museums, a comparatively small part of the collection is on exhibit at any one time. Much of the material is held in reserve to permit changes in the displays from time to time, while others are educational collections which may never be exhibited, but are preserved for scholarly study; the Levi W. Mengel Memorial Trust was established to provide funds to make possible the purchase of some of the many fine and desirable articles which are available from time to time. Increasing the amount of money in the endowment fund is a constant challenge, gifts or bequests are earnestly solicited. In 1992 governance of the museum was transferred from the Reading School District to a private, non-profit foundation. With the Foundation's leadership and partnership with the County of Berks, Reading School District, the City of Reading, there has been a rededication to the Museum's Mission; as a result of this restructuring, the Reading Public Museum is enjoying a renewed vitality.
The 25-acre Arboretum at the Reading Public Museum has been a gem of Berks County since the current Museum building opened in 1928. In many ways, these grounds have functioned as Reading’s beloved backyard. For over 80 years the Arboretum has been the home of many events: from light-hearted lilac festivals to educational tree walks. Concerned for the future of the grounds, the Museum and its supporters commissioned Wallace Roberts & Todd, LLC, an award-winning independent firm of landscape architects, urban designers, planners, to help create a Landscape Master Plan; the result is a restoration guide that will help recapture the Arboretum’s former spirit, to provide a memorable and inspiring visit for Museum visitors. List of botanical gardens in the United States Official website