Lewes Castle

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Lewes Castle
Lewes, East Sussex
Lewes Castle towers.JPG
Two towers of Lewes Castle, West Sussex, photographed from the west
Lewes Castle is located in East Sussex
Lewes Castle
Lewes Castle
Shown within East Sussex
Coordinates50°52′27″N 0°00′25″E / 50.87417°N 0.00694°E / 50.87417; 0.00694Coordinates: 50°52′27″N 0°00′25″E / 50.87417°N 0.00694°E / 50.87417; 0.00694
TypeNorman
Site history
Built11th century
Built byWilliam de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey
MaterialsStone
Official nameLewes Castle
Designated28 August 1915
Reference no.1013268

Lewes Castle is a medieval castle in the town of Lewes in East Sussex, England. Originally called Bray Castle, it occupies a commanding position guarding the gap in the South Downs cut by the River Ouse and occupied by the towns of Lewes and Cliffe, it stands on a man-made mount just to the north of the high street in Lewes, and is constructed from local limestone and flint blocks.

History[edit]

The Barbican

The castle follows a motte and bailey design but, unusually, it has two mottes;[1] the only other castle in England to have two mottes is Lincoln Castle.[2]

The first motte, known as Brack Mount, was completed shortly after the Norman conquest of England in 1066 and the second motte, known as the Keep, was completed in the late 11th century.[1] Both mottes were built by William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey.[1]

Soldiers were went out from the castle to engage with Simon de Montfort at the Battle of Lewes in 1264.[3]

Towers were added in the 13th century and the Barbican Gate was added in the 14th century;[1] when the last of the Warennes, John, the 7th Earl, died without issue in 1347, he was buried in Lewes Priory.[1] His title passed to his nephew Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel.[1]

The castle was leased by Sussex Archaeological Society from 1850 and was acquired by Charles Thomas-Stanford and gifted to the Sussex Archaeological Society in 1922.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Lewes Properties - Property information for Volunteers" (PDF). sussexpast.co.uk. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
  2. ^ Historic England. "Lewes Castle (1013268)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
  3. ^ "Lewes Castle". Castles, Forts and Battles. Retrieved 19 September 2019.

External links[edit]