click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Lex Goudsmit

Alexandre Joseph Goudsmit was a Dutch actor. Goudsmit's father, a diamond worker, was Jewish and his mother Roman Catholic, he became famous in 1966 for playing Tevye in Fiddler on the Roof, which role he performed some 1100 times in the Netherlands and in London. He played many characters on Dutch television, among others in the popular youth series Q en Q and Thomas en Senior. From 1984 to 1999 he played Grandpa Lex on Sesamstraat, the Dutch version of Sesame Street. Goudsmit was one of the artists who recorded the song Shalom from Holland as a token of solidarity to the Israeli people, threatened by missiles from Iraq, during the first Gulf War in 1991; when Goudsmit died as the consequences of a stroke, instead of doing an episode dealing with his death, along the lines of Mr. Hooper's death, the producers addressed the issue on the program following Sesamstraat, called Jeugdjournaal; the program commented on his death. Goudsmit had told producers that he wanted to stay on Sesamstraat after his death, so the latest scenes he taped were still used on the next season.

During this season, he was phased out of the show. Lex Goudsmit on IMDb

Nat Finkelstein

Nathan Louis "Nat" Finkelstein was an American photographer and photojournalist. Finkelstein studied photography under Alexey Brodovitch, the art director of Harper's Bazaar and worked as a photojournalist for the Black Star and PIX photo agencies, reporting on the political developments of various subcultures in New York City in the 1960s. In 1964, Finkelstein entered Andy Warhol's Factory as a photojournalist and remained for three years. Nat Finkelstein was born in Brooklyn and grew up in Coney Island, where his father worked as a cab driver. Finkelstein graduated from Stuyvesant High School in 1950 and in 1952 he enrolled in Brooklyn College, where he first became interested in photography through the inspiration that he found in great photographers such as Edward Steichen, it was here that developed his militant political tendencies, to the extent that he was expelled during his final semester after he threw a filing cabinet through a window to protest censorship of a campus publication.

After his expulsion, he managed to acquire an internship with the art director of Harper's Bazaar, Alexey Brodovitch. Brodovitch took a liking to the feisty boy from Brooklyn and allowed him to assist on fashion shoots. Fashion journalism led to photojournalism for Sport's Illustrated, covering events like bridge tournaments, dog shows and fencing matches. Finkelstein was signed by the PIX and Black Star agencies through which he was able to meet and spend time with established photographers Robert Capa, Eugene Smith, Andreas Feininger, he specialized in chronicling the various subcultures of the United States at the time, an interest that led him to Harlem's burgeoning jazz and soul scenes, Warhol's factory, to cover the antiwar rallies and emerging counterculture. In September 1962 Finkelstein was commissioned by Pageant magazine to do an article on the emerging Pop Art movement; the article was titled "What happens at a Happening?" it covered a Claes Oldenburg "happening" in Greenwich Village and was a break that would define his future.

Two years while attending a party at the Factory, Finkelstein met Warhol, who had seen his photographs of Oldenburg's "happening" in Pageant. Finkelstein offered his services as a photographer to the artist, for the next three years he was a constant presence at the Factory, his iconic images of the include subjects such as the Velvet Underground performing live, Marcel Duchamp, Bob Dylan, Edie Sedgwick, Salvador Dalí, Allen Ginsberg. During his time at the Factory, Finkelstein was involved with other affairs. A political radical, he helped organize civil rights rallies and anti-war demonstration and became involved with the Black Panthers; as a result, in 1969 a warrant was issued for the arrest of Finkelstein in connection with an old drug case. He fled the United States, he spent the next decade as a fugitive, following the Silk Road through the Middle East and selling hashish to support himself. Finkelstein returned to the United States in 1982 when he became aware that charges against him had been dropped.

He became involved in the New York punk music scene, managing bands such as Khmer Rouge, whose members he used as photographic subjects. He made frequent visits to Bolivia to nourish an addiction to cocaine; the death of Warhol in 1987 came as a wake-up call to Finkelstein and by 1989 he had weaned himself off the drugs and reignited his career in photography. His affinity for subcultures remained and in the 1990s he spent time as part of the rave scene, first in London Amsterdam, back to New York, he shot a generation of New York club kids, a group that he recorded in his 1993 book Merry Monsters. Finkelstein now found himself in constant demand, he had over seventy-five solo and group shows at museums and galleries worldwide, his images appeared in magazines such as Life, Sport's Illustrated, Harper's & Queen and The New York Times Magazine. Finkelstein died of complications from pneumonia and emphysema at his home in Shandaken, New York on October 2, 2009, he was 76. His first four marriages ended in divorce.

In addition to his wife, Elizabeth, he is survived by Howard. At the time of his death, he was near completing a memoir entitled The Fourteen-Ounce Pound. "I watched pop die and punk being born." Finkelstein exhibited his work worldwide in over seventy-five solo and group shows at museums and galleries including the Cedar Bar, the International Center of Photography, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Finkelstein's photographs are in the collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Brooklyn Museum of Art, The Andy Warhol Foundation, New York. There is a retrospective exhibition of his work at the Idea Generation Gallery, starting in December 2009, his work will feature in the exhibition "Who Shot Rock" at the Brooklyn Museum, New York, from the end of October 2009; the Andy Warhol Index Andy Warhol: The Factory Years, 1964-1967 Girlfriends Merry Monsters Edie: Factory Girl (2006, compiled wit

Tommy Lapid

Yosef "Tommy" Lapid was a Serbian-born Israeli radio and television presenter, journalist and government minister known for his sharp tongue and acerbic wit. Lapid headed the secular-liberal Shinui party from 1999 to 2006, he fiercely opposed the ultra-Orthodox political parties and sought to exclude any religious observance from the legal structure of the Israeli State. Lapid was born in Serbia, to a family of Hungarian Jewish descent, his family deported to the Budapest Ghetto. His father was deported to a concentration camp. Lapid and his mother were rescued by Raoul Wallenberg in Budapest, they survived the war and moved to Israel in 1948 where he worked at the Hungarian language Israeli paper Uj Kelet with Rudolf Kasztner. After serving as a radio operator in the Israel Defense Forces between 1950 and 1953, Lapid graduated with a law degree from Tel Aviv University in 1957, he was married to an acclaimed novelist. They had three children, their son, Yair Lapid, is the chairman of Yesh Atid party, which became the second biggest party in the 2013 Israeli elections, was a columnist and television host.

A daughter, Merav, is a clinical psychologist. Their oldest daughter, was killed in a car accident in 1984. Lapid started out as a journalist for the Israeli Hungarian-language newspaper Új Kelet, he was hired by the mainstream daily Maariv, where he became an influential publicist, went on to become director-general of the Israel Broadcasting Authority and chairman of the Cable TV Union. He was the founding editor of Israeli women's magazine At, as well as a successful playwright. In the 1990s Lapid was a regular guest on the political talk show Popolitika aired on Channel 1 which turned into a shouting match. Lapid was awarded the Sokolov Award, Israel's top award in journalism, in 1998, for his weekly radio show. In the late 1990s, Lapid joined Avraham Poraz's Shinui party, which boosted the party's standing in the Israeli political scene. Lapid became party chairman and Shinui won six seats in the 1999 elections, with Lapid entering the Knesset for the first time. In the 2003 elections the party ran on a secularist platform and won 15 seats, making it the third largest in the Knesset after Likud and Labour.

Shinui was invited to join the government of Ariel Sharon and Lapid was appointed Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Justice. It was suggested that Israel's pro-Serbian position in 1999, was a result of the Serbian population's history of saving Jews during the holocaust, personal memories of which were still present among older Israeli politicians serving in government at the time such as Lapid. Tension between Shinui and Likud grew when the ultra-Orthodox party Agudat Yisrael was brought into the coalition. Shinui could not implement many of its electoral promises, such as instituting civil marriage, a dispute erupted over state aid to religious institutions; as a result, Shinui quit the coalition in December 2004. In late March 2005, Lapid voted in favor of the budget in exchange for minor concessions in order to keep the government from falling, liable to lead to early elections and impede the implementation of the disengagement plan. In Shinui's primary elections held shortly before the 2006 elections, Lapid retained the party leadership.

However, his deputy Poraz lost second place on the list. In the ensuing crisis and several other Shinui MKs left the party and founded Hetz. Lapid left Shinui two weeks after the vote and announced his support for Poraz's new party, but chose not to be involved in the new party's leadership, instead serving as a figurehead. In the elections, he was allocated the symbolic 120th place on the Hetz list, but the party failed to win a seat. On July 2006, Lapid was appointed Advisory Board Chairman of Yad Vashem, the Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority, a role he called "a sacred duty", he appeared on Council of an Israeli television program on Israel 10 channel. He hosted his own radio program on Reshet Bet, he was a chairman of the Israel Chess Society and served as an honorary member of the Raoul Wallenberg Foundation. Lapid was hospitalized at Ichilov Hospital in Tel Aviv in serious condition on 30 May 2008, he died on 1 June 2008, aged 76, after a battle with cancer. In March 2011, street Nova 30 in Veternik, a suburb of Novi Sad, was renamed to ulica Tomija Josefa Lapida.

Tommy Lapid on the Knesset website Tommy Lapid: Champion of secularism in Israel on The Independent

1936 VFL season

The 1936 Victorian Football League season was the 40th season of the elite Australian rules football competition. In 1936, the VFL competition consisted of twelve teams of 18 on-the-field players each, plus one substitute player, known as the 19th man. A player could be substituted for any reason. Teams played each other in a home-and-away season of 18 rounds. Once the 18 round home-and-away season had finished, the 1936 VFL Premiers were determined by the specific format and conventions of the Page-McIntyre System. Collingwood defeated South Melbourne 11.23 to 10.18, in front of a crowd of 74,091 people.. The 1936 VFL Premiership team was Collingwood; the VFL's leading goalkicker was Bill Mohr of St Kilda with 101 goals. The Argus newspaper's "Player of the Year" was Bill Mohr of St Kilda; the winner of the 1936 Brownlow Medal was Denis Ryan of Fitzroy with 26 votes. Fitzroy took the "wooden spoon" in 1936; the seconds premiership was won by Footscray. Footscray 15.11 defeated Melbourne 6.14 in the Grand Final, played as a curtain-raiser to the firsts Grand Final on 3 October at the Melbourne Cricket Ground.

Prior to the season, the Richmond Football Club formally announced its intentions to move its home base from the Punt Road Oval to the nearby Olympic Park, owing to an ongoing dispute with the Richmond Cricket Club. Such a move required the approval of the League's Board of Management; as such, Richmond was forced to remain at the Punt Road Oval. In Round 1, the first goal kicked by South Melbourne's Bob Pratt against Melbourne was his 500th career goal. In Round 7, Collingwood full-forward. All Round 10 matches were postponed because all VFL grounds were under water following an extended period of torrential rain. All subsequent rounds were pushed back by one week. After Round 13, Gordon Coventry was suspended for eight weeks for striking Richmond's Joe Murdoch, missed the finals series. After Round 14, Essendon's forward-pocket Ted Bryce was suspended for eighteen weeks for kicking Carlton rover Norm Cashin. In Round 17, field-umpire Jack McMurray umpired his 300th senior VFL match. In Round 18, needing seven goals to reach 100, St Kilda's full-forward Bill Mohr kicked eight goals, finishing his season with 101 goals.

In a 13-season, 735 goal career, this was his highest total. North Melbourne and Hawthorn both recorded their first wins against Richmond since entering the VFL in 1925. North Melbourne's win in Round 14 ended an 18-game losing streak against Richmond, Hawthorn's win in Round 16 ended a 21-game losing streak. Hogan, P; the Tigers Of Old, The Richmond Football Club, 1996. ISBN 0-646-18748-1 Maplestone, M. Flying Higher: History of the Essendon Football Club 1872-1996, Essendon Football Club, 1996. ISBN 0-9591740-2-8 Rogers, S. & Brown, A. Every Game Ever Played: VFL/AFL Results 1897-1997, Viking Books, 1998. ISBN 0-670-90809-6 Ross, J. 100 Years of Australian Football 1897-1996: The Complete Story of the AFL, All the Big Stories, All the Great Pictures, All the Champions, Every AFL Season Reported, Viking, 1996. ISBN 0-670-86814-0 1936 Season - AFL Tables

Rickia wasmannii

Rickia wasmannii is a species of the distributed entomoparasitic order of fungi Laboulbeniales. It is an obligatory parasite of ants of the genus Myrmica; the thalli penetrate outer layer of the cuticle, appear on the host body surface. Little is known about its effect on the host ant, but it is regarded as a rather neutral symbiont. Contrarily, however, a recent study has documented an increased need of drinking water and a shortened life-span of infected ants; the known host species of Rickia wasmannii are various Myrmica species, the most frequent being Myrmica scabrinodis. The fungus was reported from many European countries such as Austria, the Czech Republic, Germany, Italy, Slovakia, Spain and the United Kingdom. In 2016, Pfiegler et al. showed that inquiline mites can become infected by R. wasmannii, thought to be restricted to the genus Myrmica. This was the first report of R. wasmannii from an alternative host in another subphylum. These authors found immature fruiting bodies on a larva of Microdon myrmicae, which represents the first report of any Rickia species on flies.

Rickia wasmannii is thus capable of infecting alternative, unrelated host species as they co-occur in the ant nest “microhabitat”. The authors commented that the presence of R. wasmannii on inquilines in Myrmica ant nests suggests that the parasite may have adapted to the ant nest environment and is less dependent on acquiring specific nutrients from the hosts. However, they mentioned. Bezdĕčka P et al. First record of the myrmecophilous fungus Rickia wasmannii in Slovakia. Folia faunistica Slovaca 16: 71–72. Cavara F Di una nuova Laboulbeniacea Ricka wasmannii. Malpighia 13: 173-187. Csata E et al. Comprehensive survey of Romanian myrmecoparasitic fungi: new species and distribution North-Western Journal of Zoology 9: no. 131101. Csata E et al. Effects of the ectoparasitic fungus Rickia wasmannii on its ant host Myrmica scabrinodis: changes in host mortality and behavior. Insectes Sociaux61: 247–252. Haelewaters D The first record of Laboulbeniales on Ants in The Netherlands. Ascomycete.org Tartally A, Szücs B, Ebsen JR The first records of Rickia wasmannii CAVARA, 1899, a myrmecophilous fungus, its Myrmica LATREILLE, 1804 host ants in Hungary and Romania.

Myrmecological News 10: 123

Ruen Monastery

The Ruen Monastery St John of Rila is a Bulgarian Orthodox monastery part of the Dupnitsa vicarage of the Sofia eparchy of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church. It is situated near the village of municipality of Boboshevo, Kyustendil Province; the monastery is situated in a beautiful countryside near the small town of Boboshevo at around 8 km to the west of the European route E79 between Sofia and Kulata, at 2,5 km to the north of the village of Skrino – the birthplace of John of Rila. The monastery was restored over the ruins of the old church in 1999. A path from the monastery leads to the cave; the monastery was named after the most famous Bulgarian saint, John of Rila, patron of the Bulgarian people and founder of the Rila Monastery – the largest stauropegic monastery in Bulgaria. He lived during the reign of Peter I during the First Bulgarian Empire; the day of the saint is celebrated on 19 October. Site of the Ruen Monastery Ruen Monastery - publishing Ruen Monastery - Radio Sion Information for the monastery and photos Information for the monastery and photos