State schools are primary or secondary schools mandated for or offered to all children without charge, funded in whole or in part by taxation. While such schools are to be found in every country, there are significant variations in their structure and educational programs. State education encompasses primary and secondary education, as well as post-secondary educational institutions such as universities and technical schools that are funded and overseen by government rather than by private entities; the position before there were government-funded schools varied: in many instances there was an established educational system which served a significant, albeit elite, sector of the population. The introduction of government-organised schools was in some cases able to build upon this established system, both systems have continued to exist, sometimes in a parallel and complementary relationship and other times less harmoniously. State education is inclusive, both in its treatment of students and in that enfranchisement for the government of public education is as broad as for government generally.
It is organised and operated to be a deliberate model of the civil community in which it functions. Although provided to groups of students in classrooms in a central school, it may be provided in-home, employing visiting teachers, and/or supervising teachers, it can be provided in non-school, non-home settings, such as shopping mall space. State education is available to all. In most countries, it is compulsory for children to attend school up to a certain age, but the option of attending private school is open to many. In the case of private schooling, schools operate independently of the state and defray their costs by charging parents tuition fees; the funding for state schools, on the other hand, is provided by tax revenues, so that individuals who do not attend school help to ensure that society is educated. In poverty stricken societies, authorities are lax on compulsory school attendance because child labour is exploited, it is these same children whose income-securing labour cannot be forfeited to allow for school attendance.
The term "public education" when applied to state schools is not synonymous with the term "publicly funded education". Government may make a public policy decision that it wants to have some financial resources distributed in support of, it may want to have some control over, the provision of private education. Grants-in-aid of private schools and vouchers systems provide examples of publicly funded private education. Conversely, a state school may rely on private funding such as high fees or private donations and still be considered state by virtue of governmental ownership and control. State primary and secondary education involves the following: compulsory student attendance. In some countries, private associations or churches can operate schools according to their own principles, as long as they comply with certain state requirements; when these specific requirements are met in the area of the school curriculum, the schools will qualify to receive state funding. They are treated financially and for accreditation purposes as part of the state education system though they make decisions about hiring and school policy, which the state might not make itself.
Government schools are free to attend for Australian citizens and permanent residents, whereas independent schools charge attendance fees. They can be divided into two categories: selective schools; the open schools accept all students from their government-defined catchment areas. Government schools educate 65% of Australian students, with 34% in Catholic and independent schools. Regardless of whether a school is part of the Government or independent systems, they are required to adhere to the same curriculum frameworks of their state or territory; the curriculum framework however provides for some flexibility in the syllabus, so that subjects such as religious education can be taught. Most school students wear uniforms. Public or Government funded; these schools teach students from Year 1 to 10, with examinations for students in years 5, 8, 10. All public schools follow the National Board Curriculum. Many children girls, drop out of school after completing the 5th Year in remote areas. In larger cities such as Dhaka, this is uncommon.
Many good public schools conduct an entrance exam, although most public schools in the villages and small towns do not. Public schools are the only option for parents and children in rural areas, but there are large numbers of private schools in Dhaka and Chittagong. Many Bangladeshi private schools teach their students in English and follow curricula from overseas, but in public schools lessons are taught in Bengali. Per the Canadian constitution, public-school education in Canada is a provincial responsibility and, as such, there are many variations among the provinces. Junior kindergarten exists as an official program in only Ontario and Quebec while kindergarten is available in every province, but provincial funding and the level of ho
Akins High School
Akins High School is located in South Austin, United States. It was named after Dr. William Charles Akins, an Austin resident and founded in 2000, it is one of the newest high schools in the Austin Independent School District. Its current attendance exceeds 2,500 students. Akins High School competes on the 6A circuit in all of its UIL competitions. Beginning in late August 2006, the school opted for students to continue their education following courses modeled through'Academies'. Under the plan, students choose a path from 5 academies, each modeled after varying areas of academics, with the exception of its NTHS program which focuses on project-based learning. In addition to taking the basic required courses for graduation, students choose from electoral and advanced courses within their selected academy; the academies are: ABLLE AHA SS Green Tech NTHS STEM Athletics Career and Technical Education English/Language Arts Fine Arts Languages Other Than English Mathematics Science Social Studies Special Education Business Professionals of America Health Occupations Students of America Future Farmers of America Technology Student Association Robotics PAL Key Club Rockets Football Volleyball Baseball Softball Boys and Girls Cross Country Boys and Girls Basketball Boys and Girls Wrestling Boys and Girls Soccer Boys and Girls Track Boys and Girls Tennis Boys and Girls Golf The Akins High School Marching Band has made multiple trips to the 5A UIL State Marching Competition.
In 2006, performing their show titled, "The Pines of Rome", Akins advanced to the finals of the 5A UIL State Marching Contest, an achievement earned only by the 10 best 5A high school marching bands in the state of Texas. As of 2012, Akins High School, Bowie High School, Westlake High School, Cedar Park High School, Round Rock High School are the only high schools in the Austin–Round Rock–San Marcos Metropolitan Area to have had their marching band advance to state finals competition in the 5A category. Akins advanced to the state level competition in 2008. Print Journalism is one of the largest majors in the Arts and Humanities Academy of Akins with over 200 students enrolled in the intro classes of Journalism 1 and Photojournalism, as well as the publications classes that produce the student newspaper and the yearbook; the newspaper,The Eagle's Eye, has been recognized in 2006, 2007 and 2010 as one of the best newspapers in the state by the UIL Interscholastic League press conference with the award of the bronze star.
In 2010-2011 the Eagle's Eye staff brought home six national awards from Columbia Scholastic Press Association. Publications students have received awards from state and national organizations for their 2007 literature magazine, WORD, featuring stories, poems, as well as photography prints and artwork of all mediums; the school yearbook, The Aerie, has won a few state awards. Http://akinseaglespublications.com/ Akins High School Official Web Page
The nautilus is a pelagic marine mollusc of the cephalopod family Nautilidae, the sole extant family of the superfamily Nautilaceae and of its smaller but near equal suborder, Nautilina. It comprises six living species in two genera, the type of, the genus Nautilus. Though it more refers to species Nautilus pompilius, the name chambered nautilus is used for any of the Nautilidae. All are protected under CITES Appendix II. Nautilidae, both extant and extinct, are characterized by involute or more or less convolute shells that are smooth, with compressed or depressed whorl sections, straight to sinuous sutures, a tubular central siphuncle. Having survived unchanged for millions of years, nautiluses represent the only living members of the subclass nautiloidea, are considered "living fossils"; the word nautilus is derived from the Greek ναυτίλος nautílos and referred to the paper nautiluses of the genus Argonauta, which are octopuses. The word nautílos means "sailor", as paper nautiluses were thought to use two of their arms as sails.
The "tentacles" of the nautiluses are cirri, composed of long, flexible appendages which are retractable into corresponding hardened sheaths. Unlike the 8–10 head appendages of coleoid cephalopods, nautiluses have many cirri. In the early embryonic stages of nautilus development a single molluscan foot differentiates into a total of 60–90 cirri, varying within a species. Nautilus cirri differ from the tentacles of some coleoids in that they are non-elastic and lack pads or suckers. Instead, nautilus cirri adhere to prey by means of their ridged surface. Nautiluses have a powerful grip, attempts to take an object grasped by a nautilus may tear away the animal's cirri, which will remain attached to the surface of the object; the main cirri emerge from sheaths. The pair of cirri before the eye and the pair of cirri behind the eye are separate from the others; these are more evidently grooved, with more pronounced ridges. They are believed to serve an olfactory purpose; the radula is wide and distinctively has nine teeth.
The mouth consists of a parrot-like beak made up of two interlocking jaws capable of ripping the animal's food— crustaceans— from the rocks to which they are attached. Males can be superficially differentiated from females by examining the arrangement of tentacles around the buccal cone: males have a spadix organ located on the left side of the cone making the cone look irregular, whereas the buccal cone of the female is bilaterally symmetrical; the crop is the largest portion of the digestive tract, is extensible. From the crop, food passes to the small muscular stomach for crushing, goes past a digestive caecum before entering the brief intestine. Like all cephalopods, the blood of the nautilus contains hemocyanin, blue in its oxygenated state. There are two pairs of gills which are the only remnants of the ancestral metamerism to be visible in extant cephalopods. Oxygenated blood arrives at the heart through four ventricles and flows out to the animal's organs through distinct aortas but returns through veins which are too small and varied to be described.
The one exception to this is the vena cava, a single large vein running along the underside of the crop into which nearly all other vessels containing deoxygenated blood empty. All blood passes through one of the four sets of filtering organs upon leaving the vena cava and before arriving at the gills for re-oxygenation. Blood waste is emptied through a series of corresponding pores into the pallial cavity; the central component of the nautilus nervous system is the oesophageal nerve ring, a collection of ganglia and connectives that together form a ring around the animal's oesophagus. From this ring extend all of the nerves forward to the mouth and funnel; the nerve ring does not constitute what is considered a cephalopod "brain": the upper portion of the nerve ring lacks differentiated lobes, most of the nervous tissue appears to focus on finding and consuming food. Nautiluses tend to have rather short memory spans, the nerve ring is not protected by any form of brain case. Nautiluses are the sole living cephalopods whose bony body structure is externalized as a planispiral shell.
The animal can withdraw into its shell and close the opening with a leathery hood formed from two specially folded tentacles. The shell is coiled, aragonitic and pressure-resistant, imploding at a depth of about 800 m; the nautilus shell is composed of two layers: a matte white outer layer, a striking white iridescent inner layer. The innermost portion of the shell is a pearlescent blue-gray; the osmeña pearl, contrarily to its name, is not a pearl, but a jewellery product derived from this part of the shell. Internally, the shell divides into the chambered section being called the phragmocone; the divisions are defined by septa, each of, pierced in the middle by a duct, the siphuncle. As the nautilus matures, it creates new, larger camerae and moves its growing body into the larger space, sealing the vacated chamber with a new septum; the camerae increase in number from around 4 at the moment of hatching to 30 or more in adults. The shell colouration keeps the animal c
Austin Independent School District
Austin Independent School District is a school district based in the city of Austin, United States. Established in 1881, the district serves most of the City of Austin and surrounding towns, the City of Sunset Valley, the Village of San Leanna, unincorporated areas in Travis County; the district operates 129 schools including 84 elementary schools, 18 middle schools, 16 high schools. As of 2013 AISD covers 172.4 square miles of land within the City of Austin, making up 54.1% of the city's territory. In 2011, the school district was rated "academically acceptable" by the Texas Education Agency. Forty-nine percent of districts in Texas in 2011 received the same rating. No state accountability ratings will be given to districts in 2012. A school district in Texas can receive one of four possible rankings from the Texas Education Agency: Exemplary, Academically Acceptable, Academically Unacceptable. Historical district TEA accountability ratings 2018: Academically Acceptable 2017: Academically Acceptable 2016: Academically Acceptable 2015: Academically Acceptable 2014: Academically Acceptable 2013: Academically Acceptable 2012: No state accountability ratings were assigned in 2012 2011: Academically Acceptable 2010: Academically Acceptable 2009: Academically Acceptable 2008: Academically Acceptable 2007: Academically Acceptable 2006: Academically Acceptable 2005: Academically Acceptable 2004: Academically Acceptable Like other Texas public school districts, AISD is funded through a combination of local property taxes, general state revenues, federal education funds.
The district funds some facilities construction and improvements through the issuance of debt by bond elections. John B. Winn – 1881–1894 Prof. Thomas Green Harris – 1895–1903 Arthur N. McCallum Sr. – 1903–1942 Dr. Russell Lewis – 1942–1947 Dr. J. W. Edgar – 1947–1950 Dr. Irby B. Carruth – 1950–1970 Dr. Jack L. Davidson – 1970–1980 Dr. John Ellis – 1980–1990 Dr. Gonzalo Garza – 1990–1991 Dr. Jim B. Hensley – 1991–1992 Dr. Terry N. Bishop – 1993–1994 Dr. James Fox Jr. – 1995–1998 A. C. Gonzalez – 1998–1999 Dr. Pascal D. Forgione Jr. – 1999–2009 Dr. Meria Carstarphen – 2009–2014 Dr. Paul Cruz – 2014–present In the 1970s white flight to Westlake and other suburbs of Austin that were majority white began. In 1970 the student body of AISD was 65% non-Hispanic white. In the late 1970s the student body was 57% non-Hispanic white, 26% Hispanic and Latino, 15% African-American; until 1978 AISD categorized Hispanics and Latinos as "white" so they could integrate them with African-Americans while leaving non-Hispanic whites out of integration.
That year it was forced to integrate non-Hispanic whites. In 2000 the student body of AISD was 37% non-Hispanic white; the Hispanic student population peaked in 2011, at 52,398 students. As of the 2016-17 school year, there are 48,386 Hispanic students, 22,761 non-Hispanic white students, 6,578 African-American students. Images of AISD High Schools The following high schools cover grades 9 to 12. Zoned high schools Unzoned high schoolsLiberal Arts & Science Academy High School Ann Richards School for Young Women Leaders Images of AISD Middle Schools Zoned middle schools Unzoned middle schoolsAnn Richards School for Young Women Leaders Fulmore Magnet of Humanities and Law for International Studies; the Magnet is not housed separately from Kealing's comprehensive program, but provides different classes to its students. Images of AISD Elementary Schools Toney Burger Center I. I. Nelson Field Delco Activity Center Ellie Noack Sports Complex House Park List of school districts in Texas List of high schools in Texas McGee, Kate.
"Black Students Are Eight Percent of AISD – and Nearly One-Fourth of Suspensions". KUT. Monday May 19, 2014. Austin Independent School District
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Eastside Memorial High School
Eastside Memorial High School is located in Austin, Texas. It is a part of the Austin Independent School District. 2008 August - Eastside Memorial High School opened in accord with the District's reconstitution plan for the former Johnston High School. 2009 August - The Austin Independent School District Board of Trustees voted to split the reconstituted school into two separate campuses, each with its own principal. Resultant schools were Eastside Global Tech, under the leadership of Moises Ortiz, Eastside Memorial Green Tech, under the leadership of Connor Grady. 2011 May - The Austin Independent School District Board of Trustees approved the merger of Global Tech and Green Tech into a single school again, using the Public Education Information Management System number of Green Tech. 2011 October 20 - AISD Superintendent Meria Carstarphen announced a proposal that Eastside Memorial High School and Allan Elementary School to be managed by IDEA Public Schools, a charter organization from the Rio Grande Valley.
2011 December 1 - Principal Joseph Coburn resigned, Bryan Miller was named Interim Principal. 2011 Dec 20 - The Austin Independent School District Board of Trustees approved the proposal to contract with IDEA Public Schools to manage Allan Elementary School, with the charter expanding into Eastside Memorial High School in the Fall of 2013. 2012 March - The Board of Trustees confirmed Bryan Miller as Principal at Eastside Memorial High School. 2012 December - The Board of Trustees cancelled the contract with IDEA Public Schools. 2013 May - The Board of Trustees unanimously voted to contract with Talent Development Secondary of Johns Hopkins University to manage Eastside Memorial High School. 2015 August - TEA Commissioner Michael Williams announced that Eastside Memorial is no longer under threat of closure. 2017 April - TEA announced that Eastside Memorial became one of 3 high schools in AISD to offer Early College High School program where students have the opportunity to earn high school diploma and associate degree.
Football Volleyball Baseball Softball Boys and Girls Cross Country Boys and Girls Basketball Boys and Girls Wrestling Boys and Girls Soccer Boys and Girls Track Boys and Girls Tennis
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation branded as the'William H. Gates Foundation', is a private foundation founded by Bill and Melinda Gates. Based in Seattle, Washington, it was launched in 2000 and is reported to be the largest private foundation in the world, holding $50.7 billion in assets. The primary aims of the foundation are, globally, to enhance healthcare and reduce extreme poverty, and, in the U. S. to expand educational opportunities and access to information technology. The foundation is controlled by its three trustees: Bill and Melinda Gates, Warren Buffett. Other principal officers include Co-Chair William H. Gates, Sr. and Chief Executive Officer Susan Desmond-Hellmann. It had an endowment of $50.7 billion as of December 31, 2017. The scale of the foundation and the way it seeks to apply business techniques to giving makes it one of the leaders in venture philanthropy, though the foundation itself notes that the philanthropic role has limitations. In 2007, its founders were ranked as the second most generous philanthropists in the US, Warren Buffett the first.
As of May 16, 2013, Bill Gates had donated $28 billion to the foundation. Since its founding, the foundation has endowed and supported a broad range of social and education developments including the establishment of the Gates Cambridge Scholarships at Cambridge University. In 1994, the foundation was formed as the William H. Gates Foundation. During the foundation's following years, funding grew to $2 billion. On June 15, 2006, Gates announced his plans to transition out of a day-to-day role with Microsoft, effective July 31, 2008, to allow him to devote more time to working with the foundation. In 2005, Bill and Melinda Gates, along with the musician Bono, were named by Time as Persons of the Year 2005 for their outstanding charitable work. In the case of Bill and Melinda Gates, the work referenced was that of this foundation. In April 2010, Gates was invited to visit and speak at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology where he asked the students to take on the hard problems of the world in their futures.
He explained the nature and philosophy of his philanthropic endeavors. In 2010, the foundation's founders started the Commission on Education of Health Professionals for the 21st Century, entitled "Transforming education to strengthen health systems in an interdependent world."A 2011 survey of grantees found that many believed the foundation did not make its goals and strategies clear and sometimes did not understand those of the grantees. The foundation's response was to improve the clarity of its explanations, make "orientation calls" to grantees upon awarding grants, tell grantees who their foundation contact is, give timely feedback when they receive a grantee report, establish a way for grantees to provide anonymous or attributed feedback to the foundation; the foundation launched a podcast series. In 2013, Hillary Clinton launched a partnership between the foundation and the Clinton Foundation to gather and study data on the progress of women and girls around the world since the 1995 United Nations Fourth World Conference On Women in Beijing.
This is called "No Ceilings: The Full Participation Project." On June 25, 2006, Warren Buffett pledged to give the foundation 10 million Berkshire Hathaway Class B shares spread over multiple years through annual contributions, with the first year's donation of 500,000 shares being worth $1.5 billion. Buffett set conditions so that these contributions do not increase the foundation's endowment, but work as a matching contribution, doubling the foundation's annual giving. Bloomberg News noted, "Buffett's gift came with three conditions for the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation: Bill or Melinda Gates must be alive and active in its administration. Buffett gave the foundation two years to abide by the third requirement." The Gates Foundation received 5% of the shares in July 2006 and will receive 5% of the remaining earmarked shares in the July of each following year. In July 2018, Buffet announced another donation of his company's Class B stock, this time worth $2 billion, to the Gates Foundation.
To maintain its status as a charitable foundation, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation must donate funds equal to at least 5 percent of its assets each year. As of April 2014, the foundation is organized into four program areas under chief executive officer Susan Desmond-Hellmann, who "sets strategic priorities, monitors results, facilitates relationships with key partners": Global Development Division Global Health Division United States Division Global Policy & Advocacy Division Global Growth & Opportunity DivisionThe foundation maintains an online database of grants on its website which includes for each grant the name of the grantee organization, the purpose of the grant and the amount; this database is publicly available. In November 2014, the Gates Foundation announced that they were adopting an open access policy for publications and data, "to enable the unrestricted access and reuse of all peer-reviewed published research funded by the foundation, including any underlying data sets".
This move has been applauded by those who are working in the area of capacity building and knowledge sharing. Its terms have been called the most stringent among similar OA policies; as of January 1, 2015 their Open Access polic