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Dual resonance model

In theoretical physics, a dual resonance model arose during the early investigation of string theory as an S-matrix theory of the strong interaction. The dual resonance model was based upon the observation that the amplitudes for the s-channel scatterings matched with the amplitudes for the t-channel scatterings among mesons and the Regge trajectory, it began with the Euler beta function model of Gabriele Veneziano in 1968 for a 4-particle amplitude which has the property that it is explicitly s–t crossing symmetric, exhibits duality between the description in terms of Regge poles or of resonances, provides a closed-form solution to non-linear finite-energy sum rules relating s- and t- channels. The Veneziano formula was generalized to an consistent N-particle amplitude for which Yoichiro Nambu, Holger Bech Nielsen, Leonard Susskind provided a physical interpretation in terms of an infinite number of simple harmonic oscillators describing the motion of an extended one-dimensional string, hence came the name "string theory."

The study of dual resonance models was a popular subject of study between 1968 and 1973. It was taught as a graduate level course at MIT, by Sergio Fubini and Veneziano, who co-authored an early article, it fell out of favor around 1973 when quantum chromodynamics became the main focus of theoretical research. QCD string Lund string model Dean Rickles. A Brief History of String Theory: From Dual Models to M-Theory. Springer. ISBN 978-3-642-45128-7. Paul H. Frampton. Dual Resonance Models. Frontiers in Physics. ISBN 0-8053-2581-6

John Powers (cricketer)

John Powers was an English cricketer. Powers was a right-handed batsman, he was born at Leicestershire. Powers made his first-class debut for Leicestershire against Surrey at Grace Road in the 1895 County Championship, he made eight further first-class appearances for the county, the last of which came against Warwickshire in the 1896 County Championship. In his nine first-class matches for Leicestershire, he scored a total of 195 runs at an average of 12.18, with a high score of 25. He died at Leicester Forest East, Leicestershire on 9 November 1939. John Powers at Cricinfo John Powers at CricketArchive

Commodores 13

Commodores 13 is the tenth studio album by the Commodores, released in 1983. It is their first album after Lionel Richie left the group, their last album with guitarist Thomas McClary before his departure from the band; the song "Turn Off the Lights" was written as a sequel to 1981's "Lady". Side One "I'm in Love" – 4:05 "Turn Off the Lights" – 4:20 "Nothing Like a Woman" – 4:56 "Captured" – 4:37Side Two "Touchdown" – 4:30 "Welcome Home" – 4:20 "Ooo, Woman You" – 4:22 "Only You" – 4:10 CommodoresHarold Hudson: lead vocals, vocal arrangement, rhythm arrangement, backing vocals, additional keyboards William King: vocal arrangement, rhythm arrangement, horns Ronald LaPread: bass guitar, vocal arrangement Thomas McClary: lead guitar, rhythm guitar, acoustic guitar, electric guitar, rhythm arrangement, vocal arrangement, string arrangement, horn arrangement, guitar solo, lead vocals Walter Orange: drums, lead vocals, rhythm arrangement, vocal arrangement Milan Williams: keyboards, acoustic piano, Fender Rhodes, Oberheim synthesizer, rhythm arrangement, vocal arrangement, horn arrangement, string arrangement Additional musiciansMichael Boddicker: acoustic piano, Fender Rhodes, synth bass, synth horns, synth strings, additional synthesizer Bill Champlin: backing vocals, vocal arrangement, acoustic piano, Fender Rhodes, synth bass David Cochrane: backing vocals, vocoder, additional guitar Paulinho Da Costa: percussion, effects Michael Dunlap: additional guitar, additional keyboards, rhythm arrangement, rhythm guitar, Moog synthesizer Geno Findley: additional synthesizer John Gilston: Simmons drums Paul Jackson Jr.: additional guitar Shirley King: vocal arrangement, rhythm arrangement Michael Lang: additional keyboards Melissa Manchester: backing vocals Bruce Miller: horn arrangement, string arrangement Rolene Marie Naveja: castanets Gene Page: string arrangement, horn arrangement Steve Schaeffer: additional drums Phyllis St. James: backing vocals Deborah Thomas: backing vocals Benjamin White: string arrangement Tandia Brenda White: backing vocals Vesta Williams: backing vocals Producers: William King, Walter Orange, Thomas McClary, Milan Williams.

Executive Recording and Mixing Engineer: Jane Clark Second Recording: Brian Leshon Additional Recording, Second Recording and Additional Mixing: Magic Moreno Additional Mixing: Norman Whitfield Mastering: Bernie Grundman Recorded and Mastered at A&M Studios, California. Mixed at Motown/Hitsville U. S. A. Recording Studios, Hollywood and The Village Recorder, West Los Angeles, California. Project Manager: Suzee Ikeda Art Direction: Terry Taylor Photography: Mark Sennet

Private Apartments of the Winter Palace

The Private Apartments of the Winter Palace are sited on the piano nobile of the western wing of the former imperial palace, the Winter Palace in St Petersburg. Access to the private rooms, for members of the Imperial Family, from the exterior was through the Saltykov Entrance, reserved for use by only the Tsar and grand dukes and grand duchesses. A second access was through a discrete box-like porch, on the western end of the Palace's Neva façade. From the ground floor, it can be accessed from the October Staircase known as His Majesty's Own Staircase. During the October Revolution of 1917, this was the entrance by which the revolutionaries gained access to the palace in order to arrest the Provisional Government in the small private dining room. Since that date it has a plaque commemorating the event. Despite its size and grandeur, the October Staircase was a secondary staircase, the Jordan Staircase being the principal. From the palace's more formal rooms, the private apartments are entered through the rotunda, a circular room which served as an ante and waiting room for those to be received by the Tsar.

Another entrance is from the Malachite Drawing Room, which served as both a private and state room, was the assembly point for the beginning of imperial processions from the neighbouring Arabian Hall which led to the principal state apartments – for imperial weddings, when the bride would be formally dressed in the Romanoff wedding regalia by the Tsaritsa in the Malachite Drawing Room. The private rooms overlook a lawned and wooded garden, created from a former parade ground by the last Empress of Russia, who wanted a private place for her children to play; until 1917, this wing was rather like a private house within a palace. Following a severe fire in 1837 when most of the palace was destroyed, the private apartments were rebuilt in various styles according to the tastes of their intended, individual occupants, the immediate family of Tsar Nicholas I. During the reigns of the following three Tsars many changes were made in decoration and use, but the layout remained unchanged. In 1904, the last Tsar Nicholas II and his family abandoned the Winter Palace in favour of the more private Alexander Palace at Tsarskoye Selo.

From this date until the fall of the monarchy, the Winter Palace was used only for formal state occasions. It was in the Private wing of the Winter Palace, following the February Revolution of 1917, that the Russian Provisional Government established itself. A few months during the October Revolution this was the area of the palace most damaged during the famous Storming of the Winter Palace, a defining moment in Russia's history; the plan used is based on the arrangement of rooms prior to 1917. Many of the former private rooms are not open to the public, or have been much changed; the apartments of Nicholas I and his wife, Alexandra Feodorovna, were in the northwest corner of the palace, a suite traditionally occupied by the monarch since the time of Catherine the Great, now form part of the Apartments of Nicholas II and Alexandra Feodorovna. Catherine the Great had her throne room here, before Giacomo Quarenghi completed the building of the larger St George's Hall in the eastern wing in 1787, suggesting that rooms were less intimate and private than they latterly became.

During the 1780s, the interior design of the palace was changed from the ornate rococo designed by Francesco Rastrelli to the simpler Neoclassical decoration still prevalent in the state rooms today. Following the fire of 1837, Nicholas I was responsible for the rapid rebuilding of the palace, he insisted that the exterior remain unchanged, but allowed large parts of the interior to be redesigned in a variety of tastes and styles, leading the palace to be described as "A 19th-century palace inspired by a model in rococo style." Several eminent architects were employed to rebuild the palace, most notably Vasily Stasov, charged with the rebuilding of the state rooms in identical or similar styles to that, before, Alexander Brullov. It is Brullov, most associated with the private apartments. Able to work competently in a variety of styles, his commission was to rebuild the private and semi-private rooms according to the tastes of their intended occupants; the architects involved in the rebuilding of the palace were able to take advantage of construction developments not available to Rastrelli and Quarenghi in their original plans.

Following the fire, it was discovered that large quantities of wood and hidden voids had been one of the reasons the fire had spread so drastically. In order to avoid a repeat of this, hidden behind the new but classical façades, the architects were able to use the latest techniques in building; these included the large-scale use of steel to support the vast ceiling spa

Scott Taylor (journalist)

Scott Taylor is a former soldier Canadian journalist and publisher who specializes in military journalism and war reporting. His coverage has included wars in Cambodia, the Persian Gulf, South Ossetia, the Balkans, Afghanistan and Libya. Scott Taylor is a former private in the Canadian Forces, PPCLI, he has worked as the editor and publisher of Esprit de Corps, since 1988. Taylor has aroused a certain amount of controversy during his career, he has been critical of the Canadian Forces and the Department of National Defence, has written in opposition to Western involvement in the Kosovo War, Iraq War and the Libyan Civil War. Taylor was dubbed the “Voice of the Grunts” by The Globe and Mail, a “Bone in the Brass’ Throats" by the Toronto Star, a “One Man Army” by the Toronto Sun. Taylor has won Press TV's' Unembedded Journalist of the Year' Award for 2008. Taylor is a regular op-ed contributor to the Halifax Herald newspaper, as well as the Embassy Magazine, he has contributed to such publications as the Ottawa Citizen,'Maclean’s magazine, The Globe and Mail, the Toronto Sun, Reader's Digest and the Global television network.

He has appeared in several international journals such as Indian Defense Review, Mayar Nemzet and Al Jazeera. In 2006, Scott Taylor presented to the University of Western Ontario his Clissold Lecture titled From Belgrade to Baghdad. Taylor appears in Canadian media as a military expert and analyst. In 1996 he received the Quill Award, as well as the Alexander MacKenzie Award for journalistic excellence. In 2004, Taylor and a Turkish colleague Zeynep Tugrul were kidnapped in Iraq by Ansar al-Islam, a radical Islamist group and held for five days, his release generated a wave of international media coverage and he returned to Iraq in 2005, briefing the U. S soldiers stationed there on the Turkmen people of Iraq. Scott Taylor's Canadian military magazine, Esprit de Corps, was first conceived of as an in-flight magazine for the Canadian Air Force, after Scott Taylor and his wife Katherine Taylor discovered that Canadian Air Force planes lacked any on-board entertainment system or reading material.

Their original concept was to utilize the military passengers who used the airlines to attract advertisers who wished to promote their products to Canadian Forces personnel. After struggling to have his proposal accepted by the Canadian Forces, Scott Taylor was able to secure national advertisers for the publication. Esprit de Corps was first published as an illustration oriented magazine, with small articles and more entertainment oriented content. Due to the collapse of the Soviet Union and the Canadian government’s subsequent downsizing of its military expenditure, the Canadian Forces were experiencing cutbacks and changing the way in which its personnel would be transported; this affected Esprit de Corps drastically, as Canadian Forces personnel would now be transported via flights chartered by Air Canada. Because of the loss of its Canadian Air Force distribution and the cost-cutting atmosphere of the military community, Scott Taylor and his wife decided to convert their magazine to a newsstand monthly.

The new magazine would feature current military news and Canadian military history. The magazine continued to retain its seat-back distribution with Air Canada military charters and Scott Taylor began to hire staff in order to help fill their new eighty-four page format. In 1991, Esprit de Corps ran a controversial article, in which they interviewed the resigned vice-Admiral Chuck Thomas and supporting Thomas, who had claimed that the Canadian Forces were not properly prepared for the future; as a result, the Department of National Defence ordered Air Canada to cease distribution of Esprit de Corps aboard their military charter flights. The DND’s decision was reversed when Scott Taylor threatened to issue a press release detailing corruption involving the DND official magazine Canadian Defence Quarterly. On September 7, 2004, Scott Taylor and Turkish journalist Zeynep Tugrul, who works for the Turkish newspaper Sabah, arrived in Iraq to report on the Invasion of Iraq by the United States Military.

Their reporting brought them to the city of Tal Afar in the predominantly Turkmen North, where the U. S was on the verge of major action against mujahedeen fighters. At a quarter past 7:00 on September 7, Taylor and Zeynep met with an Iraqi police checkpoint, planning to get directions to their contact in Tal Afar, Doctor Jashar, they were directed to a waiting car filled with masked gunmen, whom they believed to be Iraqi Special Forces. They were driven by the masked gunmen to a resistance safe house, where they were kidnapped by Ansar al-Islam, a radical Islamist group and accused of being spies. Scott and Zeynep were held captive for five days by the Mujahedeen in which they were transported to numerous resistance sites, tortured for information, threatened with execution and continually beaten. On September 12, Mujahedeen agents threw Scott Taylor into an awaiting cab in northern Iraq with next to no money and abruptly released him, having negotiated a release with the Iraqi Turkmen Front and Zeynep Tugrul, released earlier.

His release created a wave of international media attention, granting him interviews in which he told the story of his kidnapping. Scott Taylor lives in Ottawa, Ontario with wife Katherine Taylor and son Kirk Taylor, he works at Esprit de Corps office as the publisher. He plays for the Esprit de Corps Commando's hockey team as a right winger. Scott Taylor has authored several books durin