Clay County, Missouri
Clay County is a county located in the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the county had a population of 221,939, the county was organized January 2,1822, and named in honor of U. S. Representative Henry Clay from Kentucky, member of the United States Senate, Clay County is part of the Kansas City, MO-KS Metropolitan Statistical Area and contains many of the citys northern suburbs, along with a substantial portion of the City of Kansas City. Clay County owns and operates the Midwest National Air Center in Excelsior Springs, Clay County was settled primarily from migrants from the Upper Southern states of Kentucky and Virginia. They brought slaves and slaveholding traditions with them, and quickly started cultivating crops similar to those in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky, Clay was one of several counties settled mostly by Southerners to the north and south of the Missouri River. Given their culture and traditions, this became known as Little Dixie. In 1860, slaves made up 25% or more of the countys population, residents generally supported the Confederacy during the Civil War, as the Confederate flag flew over the county courthouse for many years following the end of the Civil War.
Many members of the Latter Day Saint movement found refuge in Clay County in November 1833, in 1836, mobs drove the members of the church from the county. Leaders of this church, most notably Joseph Smith, were imprisoned for months in Clay County in the jail at Liberty. In May 2012, the LDS Church opened a Kansas City Missouri Temple six miles southwest of the Liberty Jail site at 7001 Searcy Creek Parkway in Kansas City, Missouri. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 409 square miles. It is the fourth-smallest county in Missouri by area, clinton County Ray County Jackson County Wyandotte County, Kansas Platte County As of the census of 2010,221,939 people,72,558 households, and 50,137 families resided in the county. The population density was 558 people per square mile, the 93,918 housing units averaged 236 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 87. 46% White,5. 18% Black or African American,0. 53% Native American,2. 05% Asian,0. 26% Pacific Islander,1. 77% from other races, and 2. 75% from two or more races.
About 5. 90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race, as of the census of 2000,23. 3% were of German,14. 5% American,11. 0% English,10. 8% Irish, and 5. 6% Italian ancestry. About 25. 20% of all households were made up of individuals, the average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.00. In the county, the population was distributed as 25. 80% under the age of 18,8. 70% from 18 to 24,32. 30% from 25 to 44,22. 30% from 45 to 64, the median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.60 males, for every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.80 males
John McAllister Schofield was an American soldier who held major commands during the American Civil War. He served as U. S. Secretary of War, John McAllister Schofield was born September 29,1831, in Gerry, Chautauqua County, New York, son of Rev. James Schofield and his first wife, the former Caroline Schofield. His father, a Baptist minister in Sinclairville became a missionary and moved his family to Bristol. When John was 12, they settled in Freeport, where Rev. Schofield became the towns first Baptist minister in 1845. Then U. S. Rep. Thomas J. Turner secured John Schofield an appointment to the United States Military Academy at West Point and he sold land for travel expenses and reported on June 1,1849. He was dismissed from West Point, but after meeting with Illinois U. S, senator Stephen A. Douglas, appealed the decision to the Secretary of War, who referred the matter back to a Board of Inquiry at the Academy. Although Schofields eventual memoirs did not mention Thomas on the review board, Schofield graduated in 1853, ranking seventh in his class, and was commissioned a brevet second lieutenant in the artillery.
Schofield served for two years in the artillery and his first post was at Fort Moultrie, South Carolina, which he noted involved the same guns that would be used to bombard Fort Sumter in 1861. He served at places in Florida during the armed truce with the Seminole Nation. Upon regaining his health, First Lieutenant Schofield returned to West Point as assistant professor of natural and experimental philosophy from 1855 to 1860 and his career seemed stalled, so he took leave, to work as professor of physics at Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri. Several of his brothers had settled in St. Louis, following the lead of his eldest brother Rev. James Van Pelt Schofield, when the Civil War broke out, Schofield helped assure Missouri did not join the Confederacy. He became a major in the 1st Missouri Infantry Regiment and served as chief of staff to Maj. Gen. Nathaniel Lyon until Lyons death during the Battle of Wilsons Creek in August 1861. Schofield acted with conspicuous gallantry during the battle, and decades received the Medal of Honor for that action, Schofield was promoted to brigadier general of volunteers on November 21,1861, and to major general on November 29,1862.
From 1861 to 1863 he held commands in the Trans-Mississippi Theater. He was eventually relieved of duty in the West, at his own request, on April 17,1863, he took command of the 3rd Division in the XIV Corps of the Army of the Cumberland. He returned to Missouri as commander of the Department of Missouri in 1863 and his command in Missouri was marred by controversy after a massacre at Lawrence, when Schofield refused to allow a posse to pursue the combatants into Missouri. In 1864, as commander of the Army of the Ohio, Schofield with his XXIII Corps and the XIV Corps spent the month in front of Atlanta and East Point with lackluster results. Sherman resorted to a movement to defeat the Confederates under Hood
Jackson County, Missouri
Jackson County is a county located in the western portion of the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 674,158, making it the second-most populous county in the state. Although Independence retains its status as the county seat, Kansas City serves as a second county seat. The county was organized December 15,1826 and named for President Andrew Jackson, Jackson County is the central county of the Kansas City, MO-KS Metropolitan Statistical Area. Jackson County was home to members of the Osage Native American tribe, the first known European explorers were French trappers who used the Missouri River as a highway for explorations and trading with Native American tribes. Jackson County was a part of New France, until the British victory in the French and Indian War in 1763 resulted in the cession of territory to Great Britains ally. Spain was forced by the Third Treaty of San Ildefonso in 1800 to return its Louisiana Territory to France, explorers Merriwether Lewis and William Clark passed through Jackson County on their famous Lewis and Clark expedition in 1804.
Among other items, their report indicated a high, commanding position along the river within the current boundaries of Jackson County that in 1808 became Fort Osage. This stockade and trading post was one of the first U. S. military installations within the Louisiana purchase territory, in 1821, Jackson County became part of the newly admitted state of Missouri. Jackson County was organized on December 15,1826 and named for Andrew Jackson and its county seat was designated as Independence, which was at the time only a minuscule settlement near a spring. With the American Civil War and the coming of the railroads, nearby Kansas City ultimately eclipsed Independence, in 1838, a small piece of land was bought along the Missouri River in northern Jackson County by the Town Company, which established Westport Landing. The area outside of Westport Landing was renamed the Town of Kansas, after the local Kanza Native Americans, the town was chartered by Jackson County in 1850 and incorporated by the State of Missouri as the City of Kansas in 1853.
In 1889, with a population of around 60,000, in 1897, Kansas City annexed Westport. Jackson County figures prominently in the history of the Latter Day Saint movement, traveling to the area in the Summer of 1831, Smith and some associates formally proclaimed Jackson County as the site, in a ceremony in August 1831. Joseph Smith was told that the members of the Church should buy as much land as possible west from Independence up to the line that designated the land of the Native Americans. Learning that Jackson County Missouri was Zion meant much to Joseph Smith, according to Mormon belief, Zion is a place where the pure in heart live. After receiving this revelation, Joseph began making arrangements to build up a city, on August 2,1831, he helped lay the logs for the first house built in Zion. The first log was carried and placed by twelve men to represent the tribes of Israel
History of the Kansas City metropolitan area
The history of the Kansas City metropolitan area begins in the 19th century as Frenchmen from St. Louis, Missouri moved up the Missouri River to trap for furs and trade with the Native Americans. The Kansas City metropolitan area, straddling the border between Missouri and Kansas at the confluence of the Kansas and Missouri Rivers, was a point for commerce. Kansas City, Missouri was founded in 1838 and defeated its rival Westport to become the predominant city west of St. Louis, the area played a major role in the westward expansion of the United States. The Santa Fe, and Oregon trails ran through the area, in 1854, when Kansas was opened to Euro-American settlement, the Missouri-Kansas border became the first battlefield in the conflict in the American Civil War. The first documented French visitor to the Kansas City area was Étienne de Veniard, Sieur de Bourgmont, Bourgmont was on the lam from French authorities after deserting his post as commander of Fort Detroit, after being criticized for his handling of a Native American attack on the fort.
He lived with a Native American wife in the Missouri village about 90 miles east near Brunswick, Missouri, in these documents, he described the junction of the Kansas and Missouri rivers, being the first to refer to them by those names. French cartographer Guillaume Delisle used the descriptions to make the first reasonably accurate map of the area, the French rewarded Bourgmont by giving him their highest honors and naming him commander of the Missouri. He built the first fort in 1723 at Fort Orleans, near his Brunswick home, to celebrate the success of the venture, he took the Native American chiefs on a junket to Paris to hunt with Louis XV and see the glory of France at Versailles and Fontainebleau. Bourgmont got promoted to official status and stayed in Normandy. According to legend, the Native Americans slaughtered everybody in the Fort Orleans garrison. The Spanish took over the region in the Treaty of Paris in 1763, the French continued their fur trade on the river under Spanish license.
Following the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, the Lewis and Clark Expedition left St. Louis on a mission to reach the Pacific Ocean, in 1804, Lewis and Clark camped for three days at the confluence of the Kansas and Missouri rivers in todays Kansas City, Kansas. In 1808, Fort Osage was established 20 miles from the confluence of the Missouri and Kansas Rivers near present-day Sibley, in 1812, after Louisiana officially became a state, the remaining portions of the original Louisiana Territory north of Arkansas were renamed the Missouri Territory. As part of the Missouri Compromise in 1821, Congress admitted Missouri to the union as the 24th state, since 1800, the confluence has moved about a quarter mile up the Missouri River. Missouri joined the Union in 1821 and, after the Treaty of St. Louis in 1825, in 1826, the Prophet Tenskwatawa established a village in Argentine, Kansas. During 1833, only the Black Bobs band of Shawnee resisted the relocation efforts and they settled in northeastern Kansas, near Olathe and along the Kansas River in Monticello, near Gum Springs.
Tenskwatawa died in 1836 at his village in Kansas City, the language of the first European settlement in Kansas City was French. He referred to the post as the village of the Kansa, in 1825, after Indians agreed to leave the westernmost six miles of Missouri to the confluence of the Kansas, the area was referred to as Chouteaus
The Kansas–Nebraska Act of 1854 called for popular sovereignty—that is, the decision about slavery was to be made by the settlers. It would be decided by votes—or more exactly which side had more votes counted by officials, at the heart of the conflict was the question of whether Kansas would allow or outlaw slavery, and thus enter the Union as a slave state or a free state. Pro-slavery forces said every settler had the right to bring his own property, including slaves, anti-slavery free soil forces said the rich slaveholders would buy up all the good farmland and work it with black slaves, leaving little or no opportunity for non-slaveholders. As such, Bleeding Kansas was a conflict between forces in the North and pro-slavery forces from the South over the issue of slavery in the United States. The term Bleeding Kansas was coined by Republican Horace Greeley, editor of the New York Tribune, its indicated that compromise was unlikely. Through the Missouri Compromise of 1820, Congress kept a balance of political power between North and South.
Immigrants supporting both sides of the arrived in Kansas to establish residency and gain the right to vote. They captured territorial elections, sometimes by fraud and intimidation, in response, Northern abolitionist elements flooded Kansas with free-soilers. Anti-slavery Kansas residents wrote the first Kansas Constitution and elected the Free State legislature in Topeka, the two Territorial governments increased as well as symbolized the strife of Bleeding Kansas. Among the first immigrants to Kansas Territory were citizens of states, notably neighboring Missouri. Pro-slavery forces settled towns including Leavenworth and Atchison, at the same time, citizens of the North, many aided by the New England Emigrant Aid Company, moved to Kansas to make it a free state and settled towns including Lawrence and Manhattan. It was rumored in the South that thousands of Northerners were arriving in Kansas, the following year a Congressional committee investigating the election reported that 1729 fraudulent votes were cast compared to 1114 legal votes.
In one location only 20 of the 604 voters were residents of the Kansas Territory, in another 35 were residents and 226 non-residents. On March 30,1855, Kansas Territory held the election for its first Territorial Legislature, this legislature would decide whether Kansas Territory would allow slavery. Due to questions about electoral fraud, Territorial Governor Andrew Reeder invalidated the results in five voting districts, eight of the eleven delegates elected in the special election were Free-State, but this still left the proslavery camp with an overwhelming 29–10 advantage. To help countermand the voting fraud, by the summer of 1855 around 1,200 New England Yankees had emigrated to Kansas Territory. The abolitionist Henry Ward Beecher armed many of them with Sharps rifles, in response to the disputed votes and rising tension, Congress sent a special committee to Kansas Territory in 1856. The committee report concluded that if the election on March 30,1855, had limited to actual settlers it would have elected a Free-State legislature
Battle of Island Number Ten
The Battle of Island Number Ten was an engagement at the New Madrid or Kentucky Bend on the Mississippi River during the American Civil War, lasting from February 28 to April 8,1862. The position, an island at the base of a double turn in the course of the river, was held by the Confederates from the early days of the war. It was an excellent site to impede Union efforts to invade the South by the river, as ships had to approach the island bows on, for the defenders, however, it had an innate weakness in that it depended on a single road for supplies and reinforcements. If an enemy force managed to cut that road, the garrison would be isolated, Union forces began the siege in March 1862, shortly after the Confederate Army abandoned their position at Columbus, Kentucky. Popes army moved north and soon brought siege guns to bear on New Madrid, the Confederate commander, Brig. Gen. John P. McCown, decided to evacuate the town after only one day of heavy bombardment, moving most of his troops to Island No. 10, abandoning his artillery and most of his supplies.
Two days after the fall of New Madrid, Union gunboats, over the next three weeks, the islands defenders and forces in the nearby supporting batteries were subjected to a steady bombardment by the flotilla, mostly carried out by the mortars. At the same time, the Union forces at New Madrid were digging a canal across the neck of land east of the town to bypass Island No.10. Several transports were sent to the Army of the Mississippi when the canal was finished, the USS Carondelet, under Commander Henry Walke, slipped past the island on the night of April 4,1862. This was followed by the USS Pittsburg, under Lieutenant Egbert Thompson two nights later, with the support of these two gunboats, Pope was able to move his army across the river and trap the Confederates opposite the island, who by now were trying to retreat. Outnumbered at least three to one, the Confederates realized their situation was hopeless and decided to surrender, at about the same time, the garrison on the island surrendered to Flag Officer Foote and the Union flotilla.
The Union victory marked the first time the Confederate Army lost a position on the Mississippi River in battle, the river was now open to the Union Navy as far as Fort Pillow, a short distance above Memphis. Only three weeks later, New Orleans fell to a Union fleet led by David G. Farragut, Island No.10 owed its name to the fact that it was at one time the tenth island in the Mississippi River south of its junction with the Ohio. An evanescent product of the river, it was an enlarged sandbar, roughly 1 mi long and 450 yd wide at its maximum width, more important than the island itself was the course of the river in its neighborhood. The turns are quite tight, the distance from the limit of the first turn to the northern limit of the second is only 9 mi by air. The double bend, which exists in almost the same location, is known as the New Madrid Bend. However, the area across the Mississippi River from New Madrid, Missouri on the Kentucky, the town of New Madrid, which gives the bend its name, is at the northern apex of the second turn.
The mainland behind the island on the side was connected to the town of Tiptonville, Tennessee
Arkansas in the American Civil War
Arkansas had initially voted to remain in the Union. Arkansas raised 48 infantry regiments for the Confederacy, mostly serving in the Western theatre, Major General Patrick Cleburne was the states most notable military leader. The state raised some Union regiments, though these were used for local anti-guerrilla patrols. The Battle of Pea Ridge in March 1862 ensured Union control of Northern Arkansas, programs such as the draft, high taxes, and martial law led to a decline in enthusiasm for the Confederate cause. The state was readmitted to the Union in 1868, the slave state of Arkansas was a part of the Confederate States during the American Civil War, and provided a source of troops and military and political leaders. Arkansas had become the 25th state of the United States, on June 15,1836, antebellum Arkansas was still a wilderness in most areas and sparsely populated. As a result, it did not have military significance when states began declaring secession from the Union. State Militia forces seized the Federal Arsenal in Little Rock before Arkansas actually voted to secede, the small Federal garrison was forced to evacuate after a demand by Arkansas Governor Rector that the arsenal be turned over to state authority.
At the beginning of 1861, the population of Arkansas, like states of the Upper South, was not keen to secede on average. This was shown by the results of state referendum in February 1861. The referendum passed, but the majority of the elected were conditional unionist in sympathy. This changed after the Confederacy attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina, the move toward open war shifted public opinion into the secessionist camp. Arkansas declared its secession from the Union on May 6,1861, at the Arkansas secession convention in March 1861, Henry M. They stated that hostility to the institution of African slavery from the states was the primary reason why the state was declaring that it had seceded from the United States. It stated that the states support for equality with negroes. Arkansas formed some 48 infantry regiments for the Confederate Army in addition to numerous cavalry and artillery units to serve as part of the Confederate Army. The 1st Arkansas Mounted Rifles, and the 1st, 4th, one infantry regiment, the 3rd Arkansas, served in the East for the duration of the war, thus making it the states most celebrated Confederate military unit.
Though it was with the Confederacy that Arkansas sided as a state, none of those saw any heavy combat actions, and few took part in any major battles
William Jewell College
William Jewell College is a private, four-year liberal arts college of 1,100 undergraduate students located in Liberty, United States. It was founded in 1849 by members of the Missouri Baptist Convention, another founder was Robert S. James, a Baptist minister and father of the infamous Frank James and Jesse James. It was associated with the Missouri Baptist Convention for over 150 years until its separation in 2003 and is now an independent institution, the college is named after Dr. William Jewell, who in 1849 donated $10,000 to start a school. Jewell, who was from Columbia, had wanted the school built in Boonville, thompson donated the hilltop land on which the campus sits. In the American Civil War during the Battle of Liberty, the building on campus, Jewell Hall, was used as a hospital, infirmary. Union troops were buried on the campus and it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1978. The Mt. Memorial Cemetery, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2012, is located on the campus grounds, in 1926, the John Gano chapel was built, based on a donation from Ganos great-granddaughter Elizabeth Price, who lived in Kansas City.
The college says the painting is one of the schools most popular tourist destinations and this has been discovered by Reverend Bloyd, Bel Air, MD, Baptist Church, who started the Bible entry has even identified where on the Potomac River, where the baptism took place. The Harriman-Jewell Series, Kansas City’s premier performing arts presenter, was founded in 1965, co-founder Richard Harriman was instrumental in helping to bring Luciano Pavarotti to campus, where the tenor made his international solo recital debut as part of the Series in 1973. Today, the Series continues to bring music, dance. The 2014–2015 season will mark the Series’ 50th anniversary, Jewell students receive free tickets to Harriman-Jewell Series events, further shaping their liberal arts experience. Events are held in downtown Kansas City at the Kauffman Center for the Performing Arts, in August 2013, William Jewell College opened Pryor Learning Commons, a 26,000 square-foot intellectual center where students gather and create 24 hours a day.
The three-story hub of campus allows for students to work as mature, independent learners, the college offers more than 40 academic majors and 10 pre-professional programs. William Jewell is accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges, William Jewell College provides an Oxbridge Honors Program. Oxbridge majors take tutorials in their major, study abroad in Oxford or Cambridge, the college has sent many students and professors to the University of Evansvilles satellite campus at Harlaxton Manor. The Department of Education started Jewell’s first graduate program in 2014, Jewell was named by The Princeton Review as one of “The Best 379 Colleges” in its 2015 edition. Only about 15 percent of colleges in the U. S. appear in the student survey-based rankings. Forbes Magazine listed Jewell among “America’s Best Colleges” in its 2014 report, Jewell was ranked in the number 375 slot overall out of 650 public and private undergraduate institutions nationwide
Battle of Wilson's Creek
The Battle of Wilsons Creek, known as the Battle of Oak Hills, was the first major battle of the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War. Fought on August 10,1861, near Springfield, Missouri, at the beginning of the war, Missouri maintained an officially neutral status. However, its governor, Claiborne Fox Jackson, began to work with the Confederacy to bring Missouri out of the Union by purchasing arms from, the two sides repeatedly skirmished, most notably in the Camp Jackson affair, the Battle of Boonville, and the Battle of Carthage. Jacksons support for secession resulted in his removal by a convention in July. Jackson refused to accept the maneuver as valid, and continued to act as Governor of Missouri, on August 9, both sides formulated plans to attack the other. At about 5,00 a. m. on August 10, Confederate cavalry received the first blow and retreated from the high ground, referred to as Bloody Hill, and infantry soon rushed up to stabilize their positions. The Confederates attacked the Union forces three times during the day, but failed to break through the Union line, when Lyon was killed during the battle and General Thomas William Sweeny wounded, Major Samuel D.
Sturgis assumed command of the Union forces. Meanwhile, the Confederates routed Sigels column south of Skeggs Branch, following the third Confederate attack, which ended at 11,00 a. m. the Union withdrew. When Sturgis realized that his men were exhausted and lacking ammunition, the Confederates were too disorganized and ill-equipped to pursue the retreating Federal forces. The Confederate victory buoyed Southern sympathizers in Missouri and served as a springboard for a bold thrust north that carried Sterling Price, in late October, a convention organized by Jackson met in Neosho and passed out an ordinance of secession. Although the state remained in the Union for the remainder of the war, the National Park Service operates Wilsons Creek National Battlefield on the site of the original conflict. At the beginning of the American Civil War, Missouri declared that it would be a neutral in the conflict. On April 20,1861, a secessionist mob seized the Liberty Arsenal, the neutrality was put to a major test on May 10,1861, in what became known as the Camp Jackson Affair.
Governor Claiborne F. Jackson had called out the Missouri Volunteer Militia to drill on the edge of St. Louis in Lindell Grove, the governor had clandestinely obtained artillery from the Confederacy and smuggled it into the militia encampment – referred to as Camp Jackson. Nathaniel Lyon was aware of this shipment and was concerned the militia would move on the St. Louis Arsenal. Thomas W. Sweeny was put in command of the arsenals defense, when he marched the prisoners through the streets to the arsenal, some angry members of the crowd began to press against the procession. Taunts and jostling eventually led to gunfire and many deaths, mostly civilians, a day later, the Missouri General Assembly created the Missouri State Guard theoretically to defend the state from attacks from perceived enemies from either side of the war. The governor appointed Sterling Price as the commander with the rank of general of state forces
An arsenal is a place where arms and ammunition are made and repaired, stored, or issued, in any combination, whether privately or publicly owned. Arsenal and armoury or armory are mostly regarded as synonyms, although differences in usage exist. A sub-armory is a place of storage or carrying of weapons and ammunition. From Italian and French, from Arabic, دار تعبئة, dār a-tabiya, in a second-class arsenal, the factories would be replaced by workshops. The situation of an arsenal should be governed by strategic considerations. If of the first class, it should be situated at the base of operations and supply, secure from attack, not too near a frontier, the importance of a large arsenal is such that its defences would be on the scale of those of a large fortress. The usual subdivision of branches in a great arsenal is into storekeeping, under construction, Gun factory, carriage factory, small-arms factory and tent factory, powder factory, etc. In a second-class arsenal there would be instead of these factories.
Frederick Taylor introduced command and control techniques to arsenals, including the U. S. s Watertown Arsenal, armorer Dresden Armory Halifax Armoury Harpers Ferry Armory Kremlin Armoury Royal Arsenal Royal Armouries Springfield Armory Zeughaus Magazine
Battle of Mount Zion Church
The Battle of Mount Zion Church was fought on December 28,1861, in Boone County, near Mount Zion Church, during the American Civil War. Brig. Gen. Benjamin M. Prentisss forces left the Northern Missouri headquarters in Palmyra, after arriving in Sturgeon on December 26, Prentiss learned about a concentration of State Guard near Hallsville. Prentisss troops suffered casualties, including men taken prisoner, before retreating back to Sturgeon by 6 p. m, on December 28 at about 2 a. m. Prentiss set out with his force to meet Dorseys force. While the State Guardsmen numbered around 900, most appear to have been local volunteers, the main campground was actually in a thicketted hollow immediately east of the church. Prentiss advanced on the State Guard positions, making three charges, at the third, the Confederates exhausted their ammunition, fell back to their wagons, and were overrun. The battle ended around 11 a. m, the Missouri State Guard was effectively routed from northern Boone county to Columbia.
Dorseys forces lost 25 dead,150 wounded, and an additional 60 captured, the Guardsmen lost wagons,90 horses, an 105 arms. The remainder dispersed, with Dorsey heading westward into Perche township, after negotiation and exchange of prisoners, Dorsey made camp near Everett, Missouri. Within days Dorsey received orders from State Guard commander, Maj. Gen. Sterling Price to scatter his forces, Mount Zion and the associated battle of Roans Tan Yard effectively ended attempts at formal State Guard organization in Central Missouri. Remaining elements of Dorseys command crossed the Missouri and joined General Pierce in February 1862, while guerrilla warfare reappeared to the south and west of Columbia, Confederates did not thereafter face Union forces in conventional battle in the area until Prices Raid in the autumn of 1864. Today, the church and associated cemetery are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the cemetery grounds contain the remains of soldiers who perished and a memorial marker for the Missouri State Guard.
National Park Service battle description Proclamation for Mount Zion Church, Order 435-2003, History of Boone County, Missouri and Comp. from the Most Authentic Official and Private Sources, Including a History of Its Townships and Villages. Together with a Condensed History of Missouri, the City of St. Louis, biographical Sketches and Portraits of Prominent Citizens. Missouri Western Historical Company, St. Louis, pp. 415–17 CWSAC Report Update Church location, Mount Zion Church
Lawrence is the sixth largest city in the state of Kansas and the county seat of Douglas County, Kansas. It is in northeastern Kansas next to Interstate 70, along the banks of the Kansas, as of the 2010 census, the citys population was 87,643. Lawrence is a town and the home to the University of Kansas. Lawrence was founded by the New England Emigrant Aid Company and was named for Amos Adams Lawrence who offered financial aid, Lawrence was central to the Bleeding Kansas era and was the site of the Wakarusa War, the sacking of Lawrence, and the Lawrence Massacre. Lawrence began as a center of Kansas politics, prior to Kansas Territory being opened to settlement in May 1854, most of Douglas County was part of the Shawnee Indian Reservation. The Oregon Trail followed the Kansas River through what would become Lawrence and Mount Oread was used as a landmark, dr. Charles Robinson and Charles Branscomb were sent by the New England Emigrant Aid Company to scout for a location for a city. They arrived in the vicinity of Lawrence in July 1854 and noted the beauty of the area, the original “pioneer party” left Massachusetts on July 17,1854 and consisted of 29 men.
They arrived at the site Robinson and Branscomb selected on August 1, the second party arrived in Lawrence on September 9 after leaving near the end of August. The town was officially named Lawrence City on October 6, the main street of the town was named Massachusetts to commemorate the origins of the pioneer party. The first post office in Lawrence was established in January 1855, in March 1857, the Quincy School was started in the Emigrant Aid office before moving to the basement of the Unitarian Church in April. The Plymouth Congregational Church was started in September 1854 by Reverend S. Y, lum, a missionary sent to Kansas. Shortly after Lawrence’s founding, two newspapers were started, The Kansas Pioneer and the Herald of Freedom, both touted the Free State mission which caused problems from the people of Lecompton, the pro-slavery headquarters, about ten miles northwest of Lawrence, and land squatters from Missouri. The Kansas Free State began in early January 1855, on November 21,1855, Charles Dow was shot and killed by Franklin Coleman in Hickory Point about fourteen miles south of Lawrence.
Shortly after, an army of Missourians led by Douglas County Sheriff Samuel L. Jones entered Kansas to attack Lawrence. John Brown and James Lane had hustled Lawrence citizens into an army and erected barricades, a treaty was signed and the Missouri army reluctantly left. Harassment by Sheriff Jones and other Southern sympathizers continued unabated, the Herald of Freedom, the Kansas Free State and the Free State Hotel were indicted as “nuisances. ”On April 23,1856 Sheriff Jones was shot while trying to arrest free-state settlers. On May 21, Sheriff Jones and a posse of 800 Southern sympathizers converged on Lawrence, dr. Robinson’s house on Mount Oread was taken by the federal marshal as headquarters and the newspaper printing presses were damaged and thrown in the river. The Free State Hotel was destroyed, despite the constant presence of impending war, Lawrence continued to grow