United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
1790 United States Census
The United States Census of 1790 was the first census of the whole United States. It recorded the population of the United States as of Census Day, August 2, 1790, as mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution and applicable laws. In the first census, the population of the United States was enumerated to be 3,929,214. Congress assigned responsibility for the 1790 census to the marshals of United States judicial districts under an act which, with minor modifications and extensions, governed census taking until the 1840 census. "The law required that every household be visited, that completed census schedules be posted in'two of the most public places within, there to remain for the inspection of all concerned...' and that'the aggregate amount of each description of persons' for every district be transmitted to the president." Both Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson and President George Washington expressed skepticism over the results, believing that the true population had been undercounted.
If there was indeed an undercount, possible explanations for it include dispersed population, poor transportation links, limitations of contemporary technology, individual refusal to participate. Although the Census was proved statistically factual, based on data collected, the records for several states were lost sometime between 1790 and 1830. One third of the original census data have been lost or destroyed since their original documentation; these include some 1790 data from: Connecticut, Maryland, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Vermont. No microdata from the 1790 population census are available, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Census data included the name of the head of the family and categorized inhabitants as follows: free white males at least 16 years of age, free white males under 16 years of age, free white females, all other free persons, slaves.
Under the direction of the current Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson, marshals collected data from all thirteen states, from the Southwest Territory. The census was not conducted in Vermont until 1791, after that state's admission to the Union as the 14th state on March 4 of that year. At 17.8 percent, the 1790 Census's proportion of slaves to the free population was the highest recorded by any census. Media related to 1790 United States Census at Wikimedia Commons Historic US Census data 1790 Census of Population and Housing official reports Population of 24 Urban Places: 1790
Long County, Georgia
Long County is a county located in the U. S. state of Georgia. The county seat is Ludowici. Long County is part of the Hinesvile-Fort Stewart Metropolitan Statistical Area; the constitutional amendment to create the county was proposed August 14, 1920, ratified November 2, 1920. The county is named after Crawford Long, American surgeon and pharmacist, first to use ether as an anaesthetic; as of the 2010 census, the population was 14,464. With a per-capita income of $22,599, Long County is #10 on the list of lowest-income counties in the United States. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 404 square miles, of which 400 square miles is land and 3.5 square miles is water. The majority of Long County centered on Ludowici, is located in the Altamaha River sub-basin of the basin by the same name; the county's northeastern portion, east of Glennville and northwest of Walthourville, is located in the Canoochee River sub-basin of the Ogeechee River basin. Long County's southeastern portion is located in the Ogeechee Coastal sub-basin of the larger Ogeechee basin.
Liberty County McIntosh County Wayne County Tattnall County As of the census of 2000, there were 10,304 people, 3,574 households, 2,676 families residing in the county. The population density was 26 people per square mile. There were 4,232 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 68.41% White, 24.25% Black or African American, 0.73% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.25% Pacific Islander, 3.91% from other races, 1.87% from two or more races. 8.44% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 3,574 households out of which 45.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.00% were married couples living together, 14.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.10% were non-families. 19.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.28. In the county, the population was spread out with 33.10% under the age of 18, 14.20% from 18 to 24, 31.00% from 25 to 44, 15.90% from 45 to 64, 5.80% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $30,640, the median income for a family was $32,473. Males had a median income of $26,416 versus $18,732 for females; the per capita income for the county was $12,586. About 17.60% of families and 19.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.00% of those under age 18 and 19.80% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 14,464 people, 5,023 households, 3,654 families residing in the county; the population density was 36.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 6,039 housing units at an average density of 15.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 62.4% white, 25.2% black or African American, 0.8% Asian, 0.6% American Indian, 0.4% Pacific islander, 7.2% from other races, 3.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 12.3% of the population.
In terms of ancestry, 12.1% were German, 10.6% were Irish, 8.3% were American, 7.1% were English. Of the 5,023 households, 44.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 18.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.3% were non-families, 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.28. The median age was 30.6 years. The median income for a household in the county was $41,186 and the median income for a family was $46,654. Males had a median income of $30,921 versus $25,675 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,068. About 11.6% of families and 15.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.6% of those under age 18 and 20.0% of those age 65 or over. Beards Creek Donald Ludowici Long County School System operates public schools. National Register of Historic Places listings in Long County, Georgia
1910 United States Census
The Thirteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau on April 15, 1910, determined the resident population of the United States to be 92,228,496, an increase of 21.0 percent over the 76,212,168 persons enumerated during the 1900 Census. The 1910 Census switched from a portrait page orientation to a landscape orientation; the 1910 census collected the following information: Full documentation for the 1910 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. The column titles in the census form are as follows: LOCATION. Street, road, etc. House number. 1. Number of dwelling house in order of visitation. 2. Number of family in order of visitation. 3. NAME of each person whose place of abode on April 15, 1910, was in this family. Enter surname first the given name and middle initial, if any. Include every person living on April 15, 1910. Omit children born since April 15, 1910. RELATION. 4. Relationship of this person to the head of the family.
PERSONAL DESCRIPTION. 5. Sex. 6. Color or race. 7. Age at last birthday. 8. Whether single, widowed, or divorced. 9. Number of years of present marriage. 10. Mother of how many children: Number born. 11. Mother of how many children: Number now living. NATIVITY. Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated. If born in the United States, give the state or territory. If of foreign birth, give the country. 12. Place of birth of this Person. 13. Place of birth of Father of this person. 14. Place of birth of Mother of this person. CITIZENSHIP. 15. Year of immigration to the United States. 16. Whether naturalized or alien. 17. Whether able to speak English. OCCUPATION. 18. Trade or profession of, or particular kind of work done by this person, as spinner, laborer, etc. 19. General nature of industry, business, or establishment in which this person works, as cotton mill, dry goods store, etc. 20. Whether as employer, employee, or work on own account. If an employee— 21. Whether out of work on April 15, 1910.
22. Number of weeks out of work during year 1909. EDUCATION. 23. Whether able to read. 24. Whether able to write. 25. Attended school any time since September 1, 1909. OWNERSHIP OF HOME. 26. Owned or rented. 27. Owned free or mortgaged. 28. Farm or house. 29. Number of farm schedule. 30. Whether a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy. 31. Whether blind. 32. Whether deaf and dumb. Special Notation In 1912 and 1959, New Mexico, Arizona and Hawaii would become the 47th, 48th, 49th and 50th states admitted to the Union; the 1910 population count for each of these areas was 327,301, 204,354, 64,356 and 191,909 respectively. On this basis, the ranking list above would be modified as follows: First 42 ranked states - positions unchanged New Mexico, Arizona, Hawaii, Wyoming and Alaska; the original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in the 1940s. The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, along which digital indices.
Microdata from the 1910 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1911 U. S Census Report Contains 1910 Census results Historic US Census data census.gov/population/www/censusdata/PopulationofStatesandCountiesoftheUnitedStates1790-1990.pdf
Georgia's 1st congressional district
Georgia's 1st congressional district is a congressional district in the U. S. state of Georgia. It is represented by Republican Buddy Carter, though the district's boundaries have been redrawn following the 2010 United States Census, which granted an additional congressional seat to Georgia; the first election using the new district boundaries were the 2012 congressional elections. The district comprises the entire coastal area of Sea Islands and much of the southeastern part of the state. In addition to Savannah, the district includes the cities of Brunswick and Waycross. There are four military bases in the district: Kings Bay Naval Submarine Base, at Kings Bay in Camden County Fort Stewart, near Hinesville in Liberty County Hunter Army Airfield in Savannah Moody Air Force Base near Valdosta Bacon County Brantley County Bryan County Camden County Charlton County Chatham County Clinch County Echols County Effingham County Glynn County Liberty County Long County Lowndes County McIntosh County Pierce County Ware County Wayne County As of May 2015, there are two living former members of the U.
S. House of Representatives from Georgia's 1st congressional district. Georgia's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present PDF map of Georgia's 1st district at nationalatlas.gov Georgia's 1st district at GovTrack.us
Georgia State Route 25
State Route 25 is a state highway in the eastern part of the U. S. state of Georgia. It travels south-to-north near the Atlantic Ocean, serving the Brunswick and Savannah metropolitan areas on its path from the Florida state line at the St. Marys River to the South Carolina state line at the Little Back River, a channel of the Savannah River. Except for the northern part of the highway, from Savannah to Port Wentworth, it is concurrent with U. S. Route 17 for its entire length. SR 25 traveled on part of what is now SR 303 west of Brunswick and US 25/US 341/SR 27 in the city. US 17/SR 25, as well as US 80/SR 26 in Savannah utilized portions of Montgomery Street, West Broad Street, Bay Street, through the central part of the city. All of SR 25, concurrent with US 17 that does not have a local street name is known as Ocean Highway, the name of an auto trail established in 1935 connecting Jacksonville, Florida with New York, New York; the Georgia General Assembly made the Ocean Hiway designation official in a 1958 resolution that recognized the concerted advertising effort of the Ocean Hiway Association, its impact on tourism, the signage of the highway in the coastal states to the north.
SR 25 travels concurrently with US 17 for its entire length in the state. The highways split at the I-16/I-516 interchange in Savannah. SR 25 is a part of the National Highway System from I-95 west of Brunswick to SR 25 Spur in Brunswick, from a point about halfway between Midway and Richmond Hill to the South Carolina state line. SR 25 begins at the Florida state line, where US 17 enters Camden County from Nassau County, Florida by crossing the St. Marys River on a through truss bridge; the two-lane highway parallels some railroad tracks of the First Coast Railroad part of the Seaboard Air Line Railroad through the southern part of the county. US 17/SR 25 crosses Catfish Creek before entering the city of Kingsland; the highways travel through the city as Lee Street, which crosses the St. Mary's Railroad at its junction with the First Coast line just south of SR 40, which parallels the railroad east to St. Marys. Leaving Kingsland, the highway crosses over a spur from the rail line and crosses the main flow and the North Fork Crooked River.
US 17/SR 25 parallels the First Coast Railroad to its terminus at the hamlet of Seals. The highway travels through Colesburg before entering the city of Woodbine, the county seat of Camden County. Within the city, US 17/SR 25 follows four-lane divided Bedell Avenue, which intersects SR 25 Spur, a connector between the center of town and I-95; the highway intersects and begins to travel concurrently with SR 110 within the Woodbine Historic District. US 17/SR 25 and SR 110 leave town by crossing the Satilla River. US 17/SR 25 and SR 110 cross Piney Island Creek and meet the eastern terminus of SR 252 at the hamlet of White Oak just south of White Oak Creek; the highways cross Waverly Creek diverge in Waverly. US 17/SR 25 curves east and enters Glynn County by crossing the Little Satilla River at Spring Bluff; the concurrency curves north and within a suburban area has a four-way intersection with US 82/SR 520 and the southern terminus of SR 303. US 17/SR 25 turns east onto four-lane divided South Georgia Parkway, here known as Jekyll Island Road, to travel concurrently with US 82/SR 520.
The concurrency with US 82 ends at that highway's eastern terminus at a partial cloverleaf interchange with I-95. US 17 and SR 520 cross Fancy Bluff Creek onto Colonels Island and the highway becomes undivided at its crossing of the Golden Isles Terminal Railroad between a pair of automobile manufacturing plants; the highway becomes divided again shortly before SR 520 splits east as Downing Musgrove Causeway toward Jekyll Island as US 17/SR 25 curves north to cross the Brunswick River on the cable-stayed Sidney Lanier Bridge into the city of Brunswick. US 17/SR 25 heads along the eastern edge of Brunswick as Glynn Avenue, a controlled-access four-lane divided highway that has intersections with the southern terminus of US 341/SR 27 and US 25/SR 25 Conn.. The highways gain a third lane southbound at US 25/SR 25 Conn. and a third lane northbound at the F. J. Torras Causeway to St. Simons Island, unsigned as SR 25 Spur E. US 17/SR 25 crosses Cypress Mill Creek and leaves the city limits just south of its directional intersection with the southern terminus of SR 25 Spur, which connects US 17/SR 25 with I-95.
There is no direct access from southbound SR 25 Spur to northbound US 17/SR 25. US 17/SR 25 continues north with four lanes through a suburban area north of Brunswick. US 17/SR 25 reduces to two lanes just north of Chapel Crossing Road to the east of the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center; the highways re-enter a rural area. US 17/SR 25 begins to travel concurrently with I-95 Bus./SR 99 and travels along the edge of the Hofwyl-Broadfield Plantation Historic Site before crossing the South Altamaha River into McIntosh County. I-95 Bus. US 17, SR 25, SR 99 travel through the Altamaha Waterfowl Management Area, during which the highways traverse Champney Island, Butler Island, Generals Island
Tattnall County, Georgia
Tattnall County is a county located in the southeast portion of the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 25,520; the county seat is Reidsville. The county was created on December 5, 1801 from part of Montgomery County, Georgia by the Georgia General Assembly, it is located within a part of the Historic South region. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 488 square miles, of which 479 square miles is land and 8.9 square miles is water. Most of the western portion of Tattnall County, defined by a line running from Cobbtown south to Collins east to a point halfway to Bellville, south and southwest to the middle of the county's southern border, is located in the Ohoopee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin; the northeastern portion of the county, from Cobbtown to east of Reidsville, is located in the Canoochee River sub-basin of the Ogeechee River basin. The southeastern and southwestern parts of Tattnall County are located in the Altamaha River sub-basin of the larger river basin by the same name.
As of the census of 2000, there were 22,305 people, 7,057 households, 4,876 families residing in the county. The population density was 46 people per square mile. There were 8,578 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 60.51% White, 31.43% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 6.64% from other races, 0.92% from two or more races. 8.44% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 7,057 households out of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.10% were married couples living together, 13.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.90% were non-families. 26.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.12. In the county, the population was spread out with 22.90% under the age of 18, 11.20% from 18 to 24, 34.60% from 25 to 44, 20.00% from 45 to 64, 11.20% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 136.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 146.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $28,664, the median income for a family was $35,951. Males had a median income of $28,994 versus $19,984 for females; the per capita income for the county was $13,439. About 18.60% of families and 23.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.90% of those under age 18 and 20.20% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 25,520 people, 8,210 households, 5,568 families residing in the county; the population density was 53.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 9,966 housing units at an average density of 20.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 62.7% white, 29.3% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 6.0% from other races, 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 9.8% of the population.
In terms of ancestry, 12.9% were Irish, 6.6% were German, 5.2% were American. Of the 8,210 households, 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.2% were non-families, 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.07. The median age was 36.6 years. The median income for a household in the county was $38,522 and the median income for a family was $45,601. Males had a median income of $35,240 versus $27,584 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,742. About 14.7% of families and 21.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.1% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over. The Georgia Department of Corrections operates the Georgia State Prison in unincorporated Tattnall County, near Reidsville; the Tattnall Journal Sentinel Cobbtown Collins Glennville Manassas Reidsville Mendes National Register of Historic Places listings in Tattnall County, Georgia