Bornholm is a Danish island in the Baltic Sea, to the east of the rest of Denmark, south of Sweden, northeast of Germany and north of the westernmost part of Poland. The main industries on the island include fishing, dairy farming, tourism is important during the summer. There is a large number of Denmarks round churches on the island. The total area according to www. noegletal. dk was 588.36 square kilometres, the island is called solskinsøen because of its weather and klippeøen because of its geology, which consists of granite, except along the southern coast. The heat from the summer is stored in the rock formations, as a result of the climate, a local variety of the common fig, known as Bornholms Diamond, can grow locally on the island. The islands topography consists of rock formations in the north sloping down towards pine and deciduous forests, farmland in the middle. Strategically located in the Baltic Sea, Bornholm has been fought over for centuries and it has usually been ruled by Denmark, but by Lübeck and Sweden.
The ruin of Hammershus, at the tip of the island, is the largest medieval fortress in northern Europe. Bornholm Regional Municipality, established January 2003 by the merger of Bornholm County with 5 municipalities, Bornholm was one of the three last Danish municipalities not belonging to a county — the others were Copenhagen and Frederiksberg. On 1 January 2007, the municipality lost its county status. The island is situated between 54/59/11 and 55/17/30 northern latitude and 14/45 and 15/11 eastern longitude and it typically takes 3 hours for passengers and freight to travel between Rønne and Copenhagen via Ystad in Sweden. There is a ferry departure mostly reserved for freight of goods between Rønne and Køge, if there is capacity on a departure, normal passengers can come aboard. There are routes to Sassnitz and Świnoujście. Between Bornholm Airport and Copenhagen Airport by airplane it is 25 minutes, the Ertholmene archipelago is located 18 kilometres to the northeast of Bornholm. These islands, which do not belong to a municipality or region, are administered by the Danish Ministry of Defence, many inhabitants speak the Bornholmsk dialect, which is officially a dialect of Danish.
Bornholmsk retains three grammatical genders, like Icelandic and most dialects of Norwegian, but unlike standard Danish and its phonology includes archaisms and innovations. This makes the difficult to understand for some Danish speakers. However, Swedish speakers often consider Bornholmian to be easier to understand than standard Danish, the intonation resembles the Scanian dialect spoken in nearby Scania, the southernmost province of Sweden
Reformation Memorial, Copenhagen
The Reformation Memorial is a memorial to the Reformation of Denmark located on Bispetorv in central Copenhagen, Denmark. A committee chaired by bishop Hans Fuglsang-Damgaard was set up in 1936 in connection with the 400 years anniversary of Denmarks transition from Catholicism to the Evangelical-Lutheran faith, the sculptor Max Andersen and the architect Harald Lønborg-Jensen was charged with the design of the monument. It was unveiled on 5 June 1943, the monument consists of an obelisk featuring a bronze relief on each of its four sides. The relief on the front side depicts the event on Gammeltorv in Copenhagen on 30 October 1536 when Christian II confirmed the Reformation of Denmark. The relief on the hand side depicts the interruption of Hans Tavsens service in Greyfriars Church in Viborg by a group of armed men who comes for his arrest. The relief on the rear depicts the ordination of the first eight Evangelical-Lutheran bishops in Church of Our Lady on 2 September 1537. The relief on the hand side depicts Peder Paladius first service after the Reformation
The Stork Fountain is located on Amagertorv in central Copenhagen, Denmark. It was a present to Crown Prince Frederik and Crown Princess Louise in connection with their wedding anniversary in 1894. It depicts three storks about to set off, since 1950 it has been a tradition that newly graduated midwives dance around the fountain. Peder Vilhelm Jensen-Klint proposed a fountain depicting an Amager farmer sitting on a, the competition was won by Edvard Petersen and Vilhelm Bissen. Another entry in the competition was Bindesbølls and Skovgaards Dragon Fountain, the fountain was inaugurated in 1894. During the late 1960s the fountain became a venue for members of the protest movements. Danish folk singer Cæsar received mainstream popularity with his protest song named Storkespringvandet about police brutality, the songs lyrics written by Thøger Olesen were set to popular Scottish nursery rhyme Ally Bally Bee. The fountain consists of a basin of stone. It collects water from the bowl at the top and the three small cascades around the edges of the central pedestal.
The pedestal is decorated with reliefs of plants and in the basin there are frogs sitting on dock leaves. On a shelf in the pedestal sit three birds, each about to set off in its direction. It has persistently been maintained that the birds depicted are in fact herons, in 2008 representatives from the Danish Ornithological Society stated that this is not true and that the birds are in fact storks. In a week it managed to attract 10,000 supporters, however the cause was purely fictitious, there was no threat of demolition and the fountain is in fact a listed monument
Many of his works were in the royal Christiansborg Palace, Fredensborg Palace, and Levetzau Palace at Amalienborg. Abildgaard had studied at the Academy from 1764 to 1767, worked there as apprentice, and moved to Rome in 1772–1777 and he returned to the Academy in Copenhagen, promoted to professor in 1778, and elected as Academy Director during 1789–1791 and 1801–1809. He was assigned as a royal artist/decorator during 1780 to 1805, Abildgaard was married twice, in 1781 and 1803. Nicolai Abraham Abildgaard was born on September 11,1743 in Copenhagen, Denmark, as the son of Søren Abildgaard, a draughtsman of repute. He was trained by a master before he joined the New Royal Danish Academy of Art in Copenhagen. He won a series of medallions at the Academy for his brilliance from 1764 to 1767, the large gold medallion from the Academy won in 1767 included a travel stipend, which he waited five years to receive. He assisted Professor Mandelberg of the Academy as an apprentice around 1769 and these paintings are classical, influenced by French classical artists such as Claude Lorrain and Nicolas Poussin.
Mandelberg had studied in Paris under François Boucher, although artists of that time used to travel to Paris for further studies, but he chose to travel to Rome where he stayed from 1772 to 1777. He took a trip to Naples in 1776 with Jens Juel. His ambitions focused in the genre of history painting, while in Rome, he studied Annibale Carraccis frescoes at the Palazzo Farnese and the paintings of Rafael and Michelangelo. In addition he studied various other disciplines and developed his knowledge of mythology, anatomy. In the company of Swedish sculptor Johan Tobias Sergel and painter Johann Heinrich Füssli and he developed an appreciation for the literature of Shakespeare and Ossian. He worked with themes from Greek as well as Norse mythology and he left Rome in June 1777 with the hope of becoming professor at the Academy in Copenhagen. He stopped for a stay in Paris and arrived in Denmark in December of the same year, very soon after joining the academy he was honored with the designation of Professor in 1778.
He worked as an painter of the neoclassical school. From 1777 to 1794, he was productive as an artist in addition to his role at the school. He taught painting and anatomy at the school and he produced not only monumental works, but smaller pieces such as vignettes and illustrations. He illustrated the works of Socrates and Ossian, additionally he did some sculpting and authoring
Equestrian statue of Frederick VII
It was created to commemorate the kings central role in Denmarks transition from absolute to constitutional monarchy. The statue shows Frederik VII of Denmark on horseback, wearing a long coat, the granite plinth is decorated with bronze plaques on all sides. That on the front features an oak wreath and the inscription 5/IUNI/1849 in gilt letters. The bronze plate on the hand side features Frederik VIIs motto. The inscription on the hand side reads FREDERIK D, SYVENDE/GRUNDLOVENS GIVER. The inscription on the side reads FØDT1808. /KONGE1848. /DØD1863. ”. When crown prince Frederick ascended to the Danish throne in 1848, following the death of his father, on 21 March 1848, a demonstration with 10,000 people gathered on the plaza in front of Christiansborg Palace, demanding a new government and democratic reforms. The king immediately agreed and the Constitution of Denmark was signed on 5 June 1849, the statue was created on the initiative of a committee chaired by Carl Ploug to commemorate the monarchs role in ensuring Denmarks transition from absolute to constitutional monarchy.
It was financed through contributions from the Danish state, the City of Copenhagen, herman Wilhelm Bissen was charged with the design of the statue which was completed by his son Vilhelm Bissen. It was cast by Parisian bronze casters at Vilhelm Bissens workshop at Carlsberg, the monument was unveiled on 6 October 1873. It survived the fire of the second Christiansborg Palace in 1894, list of public art in Copenhagen Details
Copenhagen, Danish, København, Hafnia) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark. Copenhagen has an population of 1,280,371. The Copenhagen metropolitan area has just over 2 million inhabitants, the city is situated on the eastern coast of the island of Zealand, another small portion of the city is located on Amager, and is separated from Malmö, Sweden, by the strait of Øresund. The Øresund Bridge connects the two cities by rail and road, originally a Viking fishing village founded in the 10th century, Copenhagen became the capital of Denmark in the early 15th century. Beginning in the 17th century it consolidated its position as a centre of power with its institutions, defences. After suffering from the effects of plague and fire in the 18th century and this included construction of the prestigious district of Frederiksstaden and founding of such cultural institutions as the Royal Theatre and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. Later, following the Second World War, the Finger Plan fostered the development of housing, since the turn of the 21st century, Copenhagen has seen strong urban and cultural development, facilitated by investment in its institutions and infrastructure.
The city is the cultural and governmental centre of Denmark, Copenhagens economy has seen rapid developments in the service sector, especially through initiatives in information technology and clean technology. Since the completion of the Øresund Bridge, Copenhagen has become integrated with the Swedish province of Scania and its largest city, Malmö. With a number of connecting the various districts, the cityscape is characterized by parks, promenades. Copenhagen is home to the University of Copenhagen, the Technical University of Denmark, the University of Copenhagen, founded in 1479, is the oldest university in Denmark. Copenhagen is home to the FC København and Brøndby football clubs, the annual Copenhagen Marathon was established in 1980. Copenhagen is one of the most bicycle-friendly cities in the world, the Copenhagen Metro serves central Copenhagen while the Copenhagen S-train network connects central Copenhagen to its outlying boroughs. Serving roughly 2 million passengers a month, Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup, is the largest airport in the Nordic countries, the name of the city reflects its origin as a harbour and a place of commerce.
The original designation, from which the contemporary Danish name derives, was Køpmannæhafn, meaning merchants harbour, the literal English translation would be Chapmans haven. The English name for the city was adapted from its Low German name, the abbreviations Kbh. or Kbhvn are often used in Danish for København, and kbh. for københavnsk. The chemical element hafnium is named for Copenhagen, where it was discovered, the bacterium Hafnia is named after Copenhagen, Vagn Møller of the State Serum Institute in Copenhagen named it in 1954. Excavations in Pilestræde have led to the discovery of a well from the late 12th century, the remains of an ancient church, with graves dating to the 11th century, have been unearthed near where Strøget meets Rådhuspladsen
Ivar Huitfeldt Column
The monument was constructed in 1886 to a design by Vilhelm Dahlerup. Ferdinand Edvard Ring was responsible for the statue of Victoria and for the reliefs, on 4 October 1710, the ship-of-the-line Dannebrog, which Huitfeldt commanded, was set on fire during an encounter with the Swedes. He gave orders to continue the battle, which came to an end when the ship blew up. Huitfeldt and 497 crew members were killed, between 1872 and 1875 various artifacts were brought up from the wreck, including cannons and the ships anchor. It was won by Vilhelm Dahlerup, the original plan was to erect the monument at the small churchyard attached to the naval Church of Holmen, close to the main entrance in Havnegade, but it was ultimately deemed too big. The monument consists of a column topped by a statue of Victoria. Four bronze reliefs at its foot feature Huitfeldt s portrait, his coat of arms, a ship, the design incorporates the cannonballs barrels and the ship’s anchor is attached to the plinth
Edouard Suenson Memorial
The Edouard Suenson Memorial is located in front of Nyboder on Store Kongensgade in Copenhagen, Denmark. It commemorates Vice Admiral Edouard Suenson who commanded the Danish ships in the Battle of Heligoland 9 May 1864, the monument was designed by Theobald Stein and inaugurated on 9 May 1889. The monument consists of a bust of Suenson mounted on a plinth decorated with a laurel wreath and prows. A pair of lions rest at the base of the plinth, Bent, Københavnske monumenter og mindesmærker,1974, p. 183-184 Kraks Legat, mindesmærker og statuer. I København, Frederiksberg og Gjentofte,1944, p.21
The Boulevard Line is a 3. 2-kilometer long partly underground railway between Copenhagen Central Station and Østerport Station in Copenhagen, Denmark. The quadruple track railway carries today one dual track for the Copenhagen S-train system and another track for the mainline railway. The line has two stations, Vesterport Station and Nørreport Station. It continues above ground to Nordhavn station and at Svanemøllen station the tracks separate towards either Ryparken station or Hellerup station, Dybbølsbro station is located along this railway, located just a bit south of Copenhagen Central. Out of the four main S-train branches, three of them follow this path, between Dybbølsbro and Svanemøllen, only at Copenhagen Central, Nørreport and Østerport do all trains stop. While Dybbølsbro, Vesterport and Svanemøllen all are S-train stations only and it opened in 1917, allowing services on the Coast Line and the Klampenborg Line to extend to Copenhagen Central Station. The line became part of the S-train network on 15 May 1934, bibliography Larsen, Morten Flindt, John