Cave Run Lake
Cave Run Lake, located south of Morehead, Kentucky, USA along Kentucky Route 801, is an 8,270-acre, reservoir built by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers; the 148 ft, half-mile dam construction began in 1965 and was completed in 1973. Cave Run Lake is in the northern part of the Daniel Boone National Forest. Cave Run Lake provides flood protection to the lower Licking River valley, supplies water to the area's communities, improves the Licking River's water flow conditions, offers a habitat for various species of fish and wildlife, it is in Rowan, Morgan and Bath counties. The lake provides various other recreational activities There are two marinas that serve the lake, Scott's Creek Marina and Long Bow Marina. Zilpo Road A scenic byway, is one road which provides access to the Bath County side of Cave Run Lake and is accessible throughout the year; the byway provides access to pioneer weapons hunting areas, a campground, numerous hiking trails. Cave run has designated beaches for recreational use.
A small fee will allow you to enter the beaches and partake in swimming and barbequing. Cave run lake offers a wide variety of fishing opportunities. Cave run is home to a variety of aquatic species such as crappie, largemouth bass, smallmouth bass and various pan fish. Fishing tournaments are held on the lake. Boat charters with a professional guide can be purchased on the lake; the Daniel Boone National Forest surrounding Cave Run holds many opportunities. Free campsites is first come first serve; the forest contains. Horseback riding is allowed on the trails. Visitors can visit Cave Run’s sand beaches for a small entry fee; these beaches do not have a lifeguard on duty. The state park offers showers at the beach sites as well as restrooms. Designated barbeque sites can be found along the shoreline. Throughout certain spots of the land surrounding the lake, ATV’s and other off-road vehicles are allowed. Lodging is available around the lake. There are plenty of rental properties such as cabins and lake houses on the land.
Many of the cabins available are just walking distance from the lake. The surrounding towns are filled with small restaurants to visit. Cave Run has various marinas that offer boat boat rentals. Skiing and tubing on the water is allowed. USDA Forest Service - Daniel Boone National Forest - Cave Run Lake U. S. Army Corps of Engineers - Cave Run Lake Cave Run Lake Information
Magoffin County, Kentucky
Magoffin County is a county located in the U. S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,333, its county seat is Salyersville. The county was formed in 1860 from adjacent portions of Floyd and Morgan Counties, it was named for Beriah Magoffin, Governor of Kentucky. The area now encompassed by Kentucky's Magoffin County was first bounded in 1772, when all of what is now the state of Kentucky was in the frontier county of Fincastle County, Virginia. Fincastle was divided with the western portion named Kentucky County, Virginia. In 1780, the Virginia legislature set aside all land in Kentucky County for soldiers who had served in the Revolutionary War. In 1780, Kentucky County was divided into 3 counties, Jefferson and Lincoln. Fayette County was divided with part becoming Bourbon County. In 1792, the lower part of Bourbon County was partitioned off to form Clark County; the area was further divided in 1796 to form Montgomery County, with Fleming County being partitioned from the area in 1798.
In 1800, Floyd County was created from portions of Fleming and Montgomery Counties. In 1843, Johnson County was carved out of the previous Bath County area, created in 1811 from Montgomery County, which lost a portion of its territory in 1843 for the creation of Johnson County. In 1860, the Kentucky Legislature partitioned parts of Johnson and Morgan Counties, to create Magoffin County, its boundaries have remained unchanged since that time. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 309 square miles, of which 308 square miles is land and 0.7 square miles is water. It is watered by Licking River. Morgan County Johnson County Floyd County Knott County Breathitt County Wolfe County As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 13,333 people residing in the county. 98.6% were White, 0.3% Native American, 0.1% Black or African American, 0.1% Asian, 0.2% of some other race and 0.7% of two or more races. 0.7% were Hispanic or Latino. As of the census of 2000, there were 13,332 people, 5,024 households, 3,858 families residing in the county.
The population density was 43 per square mile. There were 5,447 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 99.29% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.02% from other races, 0.27% from two or more races. 0.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There is a significant Melungeon or Black-Dutch population in Magoffin County, known locally as the "Brown People of Magoffin County". In a 2007 study by the U. S. Census Bureau, Magoffin County, along with Mitchell County in Iowa, was cited as the U. S. county having the largest percentage of individuals in the demographic category of "Non-Hispanic white alone."There were 5,024 households out of which 37.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.90% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.20% were non-families. 21.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.04. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 10.10% from 18 to 24, 30.20% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, 10.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 97.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $19,421, the median income for a family was $24,031. Males had a median income of $27,745 versus $18,354 for females; the per capita income for the county was $10,685. About 31.20% of families and 36.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.90% of those under age 18 and 29.10% of those age 65 or over. The last active coal mine in Magoffin County closed in 2015. Major employers now include several coal truck businesses. Jimmy Flynt, Co-Founder of Hustler magazine Larry Flynt, publisher of Hustler magazine Big Sandy Area Development District National Register of Historic Places listings in Magoffin County, Kentucky Magoffin County Schools The Magoffin County Historical Society Sandy Valley Transportation Services, Inc.
Magoffin History & Ancestry
Daniel Boone National Forest
The Daniel Boone National Forest is a national forest in Kentucky. Established in 1937, it includes 708,000 acres of federally owned land within a 2,100,000 acres proclamation bounty; the name of the forest was changed in 1966 in honor of the explorer Daniel Boone. The terrain of the forest is rugged, includes multiple prominent water features, it is home to a range of plant and animal species, although many areas still bear evidence of industrial logging and other practices which took place prior to federal protection. It is a popular recreational and tourist destination which serves a million or more visitors a year, contains several recognized areas which are protected in their own right, including state parks, wilderness areas, landmarks; as of 2017 the Daniel Boone National Forest encompasses 708,000 acres of federally owned land within a 2,100,000 acres proclamation bounty. The land within the proclamation boundary contains both publicly and owned land, along with thousands of miles of marked boundary lines between the two.
Most owned land, accounting for about 1,378,410 acres is held by individuals and ranges from 100 acres to 300 acres in size. The forest is formed by two main areas: a 140 miles wide strip of land along the western edge of the Cumberland Plateau, the Redbird Purchase, located on the east of the Cumberland Plateau; the terrain is rugged and mountainous, with reliefs of as much as 200 feet in the north and 2,000 feet toward the south. Administratively, the forest is divided into four ranger districts: Cumberland London and Stearns; the Daniel Boone National Forest includes land across 21 Kentucky counties, namely: Major river systems include the Licking River, Kentucky River, Cumberland River, all of which flow into the Ohio River. Four reservoirs are located within the forest, administered by the US Army Corps of Engineers; these are Buckhorn Lake, Lake Cumberland and Laurel River Lake. Taken together, at normal water levels these reservoirs comprise 63,850 acres of water; the forest additionally encompasses thousands of miles of smaller streams, many of which flow only after heavy rain.
About 12,500 acres are classified as riparian zones, while 7,000 acres are classified as floodplains or wetlands. Water is of an overall good quality, but is impacted by activities related to mining, exploration for oil and gas; the area averages 46 inches of rainfall annually, with thunderstorms occurring an average of 46 days per year. Due to shallow soil, heavy rains may result in severe local flooding, conversely, many tributaries may become dry during periods of little rainfall. Air quality in the forest is considered "excellent", due to the comparatively sparse population and lack of industry; the majority of air pollution results from the 128 average annual forest fires, in addition to controlled burning, the residential burning of coal, dust from unpaved roads. By the early 16th century both the French and the British had laid claim to the land that would become the Daniel Boone National Forest. Among the first Europeans to enter the area was the French René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle in 1669.
He was followed by the party of the English Thomas Walker in 1750, who would go on to make the first European discoveries of the Cumberland Gap, Cumberland River, the pass through Pine Mountain Several others made expeditions in the area over the following decades with mixed success. Around 1760, Daniel Boone reached an understanding with Richard Henderson for the exploration and preparation of the wilderness beyond the Appalachian Mountains, so that it may be more settled by those who sought to move westward. Boone made an expedition in 1767 into the area of modern-day Prestonsburg, in 1769, he set out with five others on an extended expedition through the Cumberland Gap and into Kentucky, where he stayed until March 1771. Boone set out on a failed attempt at settlement in 1773, again in 1774, where he served as an officer in Lord Dunmore's War. On March 17, 1775, the Transylvania Colony, founded by Henderson, for which Boone was employed, reached an agreement with a grand counsel of the Cherokee Nation to purchase all land from the Kentucky River to the Cumberland River, including large part of modern day Kentucky and Tennessee, an area known as the Transylvania Purchase.
In anticipation of this purchase, Boone and a party were dispatched on March 10, marking and clearing trails in the newly acquired lands, founding Fort Boone, near the confluence of Station Camp Creek and the Kentucky River. This became the fledgling Transylvania Colony, until being eliminated in 1778 by the Virginia House of Delegates, becoming Kentucky County, by 1792, the state of Kentucky. Up to the beginning of the 20th century, the Daniel Boone and surrounding forest were the subject of extensive logging, with logs sent downstream for processing in the sawmills of Louisville, Nashville and Cincinnati, only to be overtaken as rail extended into the area around the turn of the century; the industry reached its peak in 1907, with one billion board feet of lumber production. The forest was additionally harvested to provide charcoal for the developing iron industry, as the railroad advanced, to produce crossties, lumber for the building of bridges in addition to rail cars. In 1900, Congress appropriated $5,000, again in 1907, $25,000 for the investigation of areas in southern Appalachia, for potential purch
West Liberty, Kentucky
West Liberty is a home rule-class city in Morgan County, United States. It is the county seat of Morgan County; as of the 2010 census, the city population was 3,435. It is located on the banks of the Licking River at the junction of Kentucky Route 7 and U. S. Route 460. By 1816, an early settlement at the town site was called Wells Mills; when Morgan County was founded in 1823, the settlement was incorporated to become the county seat. It chose the name West Liberty in the belief that Pikeville, Kentucky would be called "Liberty" when it incorporated; the town is 100 miles east of Liberty, Kentucky. Three Civil War skirmishes were fought near West Liberty, much of the town was burned during the war, including the courthouse, it was replaced after the war, a fourth courthouse was built in 1907. On March 2, 2012, West Liberty was hit by an EF-3 tornado which caused extensive damage to the downtown area; this tornado left a swath of damage over a mile wide. Many homes and businesses were damaged or destroyed.
Six people were killed and at least 75 people were injured. Preliminary assessments from emergency officials and media indicated a path length of 60 miles, though a National Weather Service survey concluded the tornado travelled 85 miles from Menifee County to Lincoln County, West Virginia, it had the longest track of any tornado in the United States in 2012. The old courthouse, built in 1907, as well as the new courthouse, 60% completed were at first, after the tornado, both deemed as a total loss. However, this determination was in error as both buildings have been restored and finished, respectively; the tornado had hit the city of Wellington in Menifee County and was just north of the EF3 tornado that hit Salyersville around 7:00 PM Eastern time that evening. The tornadoes were the worst in the history of all three of the towns. Since the 2012 tornado, much progress has been made in West Liberty. Many of the buildings destroyed in the disaster have been either rebuilt to prior state or have been replaced with much better structures.
Planning in West Liberty has been continuous since the disaster. West Liberty is located at 37°54′59″N 83°15′41″W, it is within the state's eastern region foothills, about 20 miles from Cave Run Lake and Daniel Boone National Forest and 15 miles from Paintsville Lake. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.4 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2000, there were 3,277 people, 696 households, 446 families residing in the city; the population density was 739.3 people per square mile. There were 758 housing units at an average density of 171.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 79.43% White, 18.19% African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, 1.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.25% of the population.. There were 696 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.8% were non-families.
32.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.71. In the city, the population was spread out with 10.1% under the age of 18, 14.8% from 18 to 24, 44.2% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 264.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 297.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $21,429, the median income for a family was $30,875. Males had a median income of $25,417 versus $19,464 for females; the per capita income for the city was $11,215. About 25.7% of families and 28.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.6% of those under age 18 and 26.4% of those age 65 or over. West Liberty is home to the Eastern Kentucky Correctional Complex. An extended campus of Morehead State University and University of Kentucky's Regional Technology Center are both located within the town.
The area is home to Rod and Staff Publishing, a Mennonite Bible literature printing facility, located at Crockett. Visitors can enjoy the scenic beauty of the Daniel Boone National Forest, tailwaters of Cave Run Lake, Paintsville lake and the Licking River. West Liberty celebrates the annual Sorghum Festival on the last full weekend of September; the 2015 festival marked the Festival's 45th year, with upwards of 50,000 visitors expected. The Festival features a large variety of Appalachian crafts, folk art and sundry items for sale and/or show; the entire downtown section is cordoned off with main street as the center of activity, a large pavilion type tent is erected to house the art and craft booths. While only hand-made items are allowed in the main tent, a good variety of roadside vendors and yard sales set up along route 519 from the county line at Cave Run Lake to the flea market at Index, selling everything from antiques, furniture, Case knives and collectibles, to homemade quilts, pies and jellies.
Local businesses decorate their window front displays for the occasion with an "1800s" theme, many local homes around the county participate with awards for both categories. There is a parade at noon on Saturday, featuring floats, classic cars and displays from local area organizations and schools, with awards and trophies in several c
The blue sucker is a freshwater species of fish in the sucker family. The species has an average length of 76 centimeters; the record length has been recorded at 102 centimeters. Color is variable, from light steel-gray to jet black in the spring; the fish is streamlined, with an inferior mouth and a small/slender head that tapers to a fleshy snout. The mouth location allows the fish to feed off the bottom of its habitat; the body of this fish is elongated and compressed. It has a long falcate dorsal fin, elevated anterior with 24-35 rays, it has a forked caudal fin. The anal fin contains 7-8 rays on average; the scales contain 55-58 along the lateral line. The Blue Sucker is native to the United States and Mexico. In the U. S. it lives in the Mississippi River basin north to Wisconsin. The Blue Sucker lives in the Missouri River drainage to North Dakota and South Dakota and Montana; this species can be found in the Gulf drainage from the Sabine River to the Rio grande. Huge migrations of these fast, powerful fish once migrated throughout the Mississippi River basin, spring harvests of blue sucker were a staple food for early pioneers.
Blue suckers are rare today, thought to be due to the segmentation of habitat caused by the thousands of dams which have been built in the last century. Blues frequent the thalweg of large river systems, in heavy current. Blue suckers obtain their food off the bottom of rivers and other bodies of freshwater through a mouth in the inferior position; some organisms that they eat are aquatic insect larvae, plant materials and algae. The Blue Sucker has a spawning time from around March until June; this varies on the location of the fish and the water temperature. Fifty-three degrees is the average water temperature in which males and females find their spawning area; this area is in fast moving water around two feet deep. Rocks in the area will be larger than gravel, but they will be smaller than boulders; the peak water temperature is sixty-two degrees and the actual spawning time will last around two weeks. Male suckers will continue to come to the area until spawning is over. Females will go to the area, lay her eggs, leave once she is finished and they have been fertilized.
The Blue Sucker is sensitive to water pollution, is only able to live in water, well irrigated or pollution-less. This is; the species is listed as least concern. The Blue Sucker goes by the name blackhorse, the bluefish, the muskellunge, the razor back, the sockerel, the gourd seed sucker, the Missouri Sucker, the slenderhead sucker, the sweet sucker. "Cycleptus" is a Greek word meaning slender. "Elongatus" is a Latin word meaning elongated. Froese and Pauly, eds.. "Cycleptus elongatus" in FishBase. November 2005 version. NatureServe - Cycleptus elongatus Fishes of Minnesota - Blue sucker roughfish.com - Blue sucker Rines, George Edwin, ed.. "Blackhorse". Encyclopedia Americana
Salyersville is a home rule-class city on the Licking River in Magoffin County, Kentucky, in the United States. It is the seat of its county. According to the United States Census Bureau, the population was estimated to be 1,800 as of 2016. After an aborted attempt at settlement in 1794, the hill overlooking the Horseshoe Bend of the Licking River just downriver from the present city was fortified and settled c. 1800 by Archibald Prater, Ebenezer Hanna, others. Known as Prater's Fort, the community had become Licking Station by the time of its first post office in 1839. In 1849, the post office was moved to the community at site of the present city and renamed Adamsville after local landowner William "Uncle Billy" Adams. In addition to his farmland, Adams operated a hotel, a gristmill, a tannery and a blacksmith at the new location. In 1860, Magoffin Co. was formed from parts of the surrounding Floyd and Morgan counties. Billy Adams donated land for the platting and establishment of a new county seat and the community was renamed "Salyersville" in gratitude to State Rep. Samuel Salyer, who sponsored the bill creating the new county.
The post office changed the following year. During the Civil War, Salyersville fell on hard times; because of its location in the Upper South and its history of settlement by migrants and farmers from Virginia, some residents sided with the Confederacy despite the general lack of slaves in the area. In 1864, Union forces defeated a Confederate raiding force in the Battle of Salyersville. Adams gave more land to the city in 1871 for the construction of a proper courthouse, it was completed in 1890 and stood for 67 years before burning to the ground in 1957. Salyersville's first high school, the Magoffin County Institute, was founded in 1908 by A. C. Harlowe; the Great Depression hit Salyersville hard, since such a high percentage of Salyersville's citizens were laborers or farmers, who saw prices for crops fall from 40 to 60%. Nearby mining and logging operations closed or limited production when demand for their products fell sharply. In 1939, the Licking River crested over 25 feet, flooding most of downtown Salyersville and causing extensive property damage.
In 1963, the Bert T. Combs Mountain Parkway is completed, stretching west 76 miles from Salyersville to intersect with Interstate 64 at a point just east of Winchester, it enabled more tourists to visit the area, heritage tourism began to help Salyersville develop a changed economy. The first annual Magoffin County Founder's Day Festival was held in 1978. In the winter of 1997, as part of Kentucky's elk restoration project, Salyersville became one of the locations selected for the release of elk into the wilderness area of its mountains. In 2002, the second Magoffin County court house was demolished. In its place, a new Justice Center was constructed, which opened in Spring 2006; the new Justice Center's architecture plays tribute to Magoffin County's original courthouse. On March 2, 2012, Salyersville was hit by a tornado which caused extensive damage to many businesses and many homes. There were no deaths reported in the Salyersville March 2 Tornado; the Tornado was reported an EF3. Though having their homes and businesses destroyed by the March 2nd Tornado, the people of Salyersville came together to rebuild their town.
This tornado was a separate storm that formed in Wolfe County, KY, is not the tornado that hit West Liberty and Wellington. Kentucky Gov. Steve Beshear visited both cities on March 3 and toured the eastern part of the state after the tornado outbreak. Salyersville is " North, 83°3'47" West. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.1 square miles, all land. The climate in this area is characterized by high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year; the Köppen Climate System describes the weather as humid subtropical, uses the abbreviation Cfa. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,604 people, 646 households, 414 families residing in the city; the population density was 758.1 people per square mile. There were 710 housing units at an average density of 335.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 99.69% White, 0.06% African American, 0.25% Native American. 0.31% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 646 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.9% were non-families.
33.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.85. In the city, the population was spread out with 20.8% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, 19.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $16,042, the median income for a family was $23,393. Males had a median income of $26,534 versus $20,188 for females; the per capita income for the city was $11,881. About 35.7% of families and 40.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 56.4% of those under the age of 18 and 34.3% of those 65 and older. Major employers included the manufacturing company Joy Mining Machinery, which closed its Salyerville plant in 2015. Major employers now include Logan Machinery, which opened in 2016, hiring around 70 people from the area.
The Kentucky River is a tributary of the Ohio River, 260 miles long, in the U. S. Commonwealth of Kentucky; the river and its tributaries drain much of the central region of the state, with its upper course passing through the coal-mining regions of the Cumberland Mountains, its lower course passing through the Bluegrass region in the north central part of the state. Its watershed encompasses about 7,000 square miles, it supplies drinking water to about one-sixth of the population of the Commonwealth of Kentucky. The river is no longer navigable above Lock 4 at Frankfort. Concrete bulkheads have been poured behind the upper lock gates of Locks 5-14 to strengthen the weakest link in the dam structures. All 14 dams are now under the management of the state-run Kentucky River Authority; the primary importance of the locks today is to maintain a pool that allows the city of Lexington to draw its drinking water from the river. Despite the fact that the Lexington area receives well over 40 inches of precipitation annually, the limestone, karst geology of that area means that little natural surface water is found in the region.
Winchester, Irvine, Lancaster, Harrodsburg, Versailles and Frankfort draw water from the river for their municipal water supplies. It is estimated; the Kentucky River is formed in eastern Kentucky at Beattyville, in Lee County, by the confluence of the North and South Forks at about 670 feet elevation, flows northwest, in a meandering course through the mountains, through the Daniel Boone National Forest past Irvine and Boonesborough southwest, passing south of Lexington north through Frankfort. It joins the Ohio at Carrollton. 15 miles southwest of Boonesborough it is joined by the Red River. 20 miles southwest of Boonesborough it is joined by Silver Creek. At High Bridge, it is joined by the Dix River. At Frankfort, it is joined by Benson Creek. 10 miles north of Frankfort, it is joined by Elkhorn Creek. Between Clays Ferry in Madison County and Frankfort, the river passes through the Kentucky River Palisades, a series of dramatic steep gorges 100 miles in length, it continues on. The North Fork Kentucky River is 168 miles long.
It rises on the western side of Pine Mountain, in the Appalachians of extreme southeastern Kentucky, in eastern Letcher County near the Virginia state line in Payne Gap, near the intersection of US 23 and US 119. It flows northwest, in a winding course through the mountainous Cumberland Plateau, past Whitesburg and Jackson, it receives Rockhouse Creek at Blackey near its source. 8 miles southeast of Hazard, it receives the Carr Fork. It receives Troublesome Creek at southeast of Jackson. Three miles upstream from its confluence with the South Fork, it receives the Middle Fork, it joins the South Fork to form the Kentucky at Beattyville. The Middle Fork Kentucky River is a tributary of the North Fork Kentucky River 105 miles long, in southeastern Kentucky, it rises in the Appalachian Mountains in southernmost Leslie County 16 miles from the Virginia state line, flows north through the Cumberland Plateau past Hyden. At Buckhorn, it is impounded to form the Buckhorn Lake reservoir. North of the reservoir it flows northwest and joins the North Fork in Lee County 5 miles east of the confluence of the North and South forks at Beattyville.
The South Fork Kentucky River is 45 miles long. It is formed in Clay County, at the town of Oneida in the Daniel Boone National Forest 10 miles northeast of Manchester, by the confluence of Goose Creek and the Red Bird River, it flows north in a meandering course through the mountainous Cumberland Plateau region. It joins the North Fork to form the Kentucky at Beattyville. Kentucky River flooding has been recorded since the early 1800s. Swiss immigrant and lock-keeper, Frank Wurtz, recorded the floods from 1867 on and spoke with local farmers to learn of earlier ones, they told him of great floods in 1817, 1832, 1847, 1854. Wurtz documented the floods of 1867, 1880, 1883, which he claims was five feet taller than the high tide of the 1847 flood; the waters of the 1883 flood washed his post away. On January 1 1919, the waters rose 10 feet in ten hours at Frankfort, dealing damage to many smaller towns along the river. In November of the same year, the waters rose 3 feet in one hour at Frankfort. In 1920, flooding caused the sewers in Frankfort to back up.
There was major flooding in early 1924 and late December 1926. A terrible storm hit northern Kentucky in 1927 with lightning so great one resident was quoted saying, "the lightening was so intense, the whole country could be seen." The flooding from this bad weather hurt Neon and Hazard. Hundreds were forced from their homes. Throughout the 1930s, the area suffering from the economic depression, had to deal with several floods, including a bad one in 1936. In January 1937, 16 inches of rain fell across the state. Taylorsville had 7 inches of rain on January 24th alone; as the Ohio river flooded, it backed into the Kentucky. Maysville declared martial law; the crest reached 42.7 feet tall, flooded half of Frankfort isolating the Old State House. 95% of Paducah was inundated. In all, 12,000 square miles of the Ohio valley were flooded; the 1937 flooding caused ci