Traralgon is a city located in the east of the Latrobe Valley in the Gippsland region of Victoria, Australia. The urban population of Traralgon at the 2016 census was 25,485, it is the largest and fastest growing city in the greater Latrobe Valley area, which has a population of 74,170 at June 2016 and is administered by the City of Latrobe. The origin of the name Traralgon is uncertain, it is popularly believed to be derived from words from the Gunai language: tarra meaning "river" and algon meaning "little fish". However, these words are not reflected in modern linguists' knowledge of the Gunai language, for example, the word for river is wun wun or wurn wurn; the Gippsland region was inhabited by the indigenous Gunai people for a period in excess of 2,000 years. The area around Traralgon was first settled by Europeans in the 1840s soon after being explored by Count Paweł Strzelecki on his return from the Snowy Mountains where he named Australia's highest peak, Mount Kosciuszko. Due to the Latrobe Valley having high rainfall, the land is fertile, farming was established.
As with much of central and western Gippsland, this was dairy farming. The township was established in the early 1860s, the first Post Office opening on 1 January 1861. In 1877 the railway line from Melbourne was completed with a railway station at Traralgon giving the town a major economic boost. Traralgon was part of the area administered by the Rosedale Roads Board, before the Shire of Traralgon was established in 1879. In the latter part of the 19th century the Shire grew strongly, it was not until the 1930s. In 1936 Australian Paper Manufacturers established a paper mill at Maryvale, around 8 kilometres from Traralgon. Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh visited on 3 March 1954; the president of the Shire of Traralgon, Cr Clem Little met and welcomed the Queen, flown by the Royal Australian Air Force from Sale. She returned to Melbourne by train. In 1960 Traralgon's most famous son Sir Macfarlane Burnet jointly won the Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine. In 1961 Traralgon formed its own borough, the Borough of Traralgon following a decade of lobbying to separate the urban areas of Traralgon from the Shire.
Traralgon was proclaimed a city in 1964. The old town hall and mechanics institute was demolished in 1973. Further development resulted from the expansion of the power generation industry following World War II through the now defunct State Electricity Commission of Victoria; this included large expansions at Yallourn and Hazelwood Power Stations and the construction of the massive Loy Yang Power Station in the 1970s and 1980s. The first Loy Yang power station was completed in 1985. An Australian Securities and Investments Commission information processing centre was established in the early 1990s, at the time employing around 400 people; the City of Traralgon and Shire of Traralgon continued a separate existence until they were amalgamated into the Shire of Latrobe in 1994. Completion of the Loy Yang power stations, extensive voluntary departures from the electricity industry and privatisation of the Victorian electricity industry in the early 1990s had devastating effects on the economy of the Latrobe Valley.
Traralgon, with a more diversified economy, suffered to a lesser extent than the neighbouring towns of Morwell and Moe both of which relied exclusively on the power stations for their livelihood. Traralgon grew in the mid 2000s, with a figure of 2.7% making it the largest and fastest growing city in the Latrobe Valley. Traralgon contains a number of heritage-listed sites, including: 161-165 Franklin Street: Traralgon Post Office and Court House Queens Parade: Traralgon Engine Shed and Turntable Victory Park, Mill Street: Azarole Hawthorn Tree Traralgon is situated on expansive flat land in the Traralgon Creek valley catchment between the Great Dividing Range in the north and the Strzelecki Ranges in the south; the Traralgon Creek runs through the city's centre and its green belt separates its eastern and western suburban areas. The urban area is hemmed to the south east by the Loy Yang Open Cut. Traralgon is part of the Latrobe Valley tri-city urban area, a small area of industry and agricultural land separates it from neighbouring Morwell.
Traralgon together with adjacent Morwell forms an urban area with an estimated population of 41,333 as at June 2016. In the decade ending 2016, the urban area has experienced a modest growth in population of 9.4%. Greater Traralgon includes localities such as Traralgon, the suburb of Traralgon East and the sparsely populated satellite localities of Hazelwood and Traralgon South to the south, Tyers and Glengarry to the north; the Traralgon central business district is centred around Seymour and Franklin Streets and includes an indoor shopping mall – Stockland Traralgon, however commercial and light industry sprawl along most of the eastern stretch of the Princes Highway. Notable heritage buildings include the Post Office and Courthouse erected in 1886 and Ryans Hotel erected in 1914, both in Franklin Street; the economy is driven by primary industry, natural resources and secondary industry including coal mining and fossil-fuel power generation for the National Electricity Market. Along with electricity production, Traralgon benefits from the mining for oil and natural gas in the nearby Bass Strait fields.
A significant forestry industry operates including logging of both plantation and natural forest timber, The largest paper mill in Australia is located nearby in Maryvale and provides local employment for over 2000 people. The local agriculture industry is involved in the production of wool and dairy products, a
Heyfield is a town in Victoria, with a population of 1,993. It is 206 kilometres east of Melbourne, in the Shire of Wellington local government area. Located on the Thomson River, Heyfield is a gateway to the Victorian High Country. In 1841 an early settler, James McFarlane, described the district as resembling "a field of waving corn", called it "Hayfield". By 1866, the spelling had changed to "Heyfield", but when and why this happened is unclear, it may have been renamed to reflect the spelling of the nearby Heyfield Station. In 1866, McFarlane's property was taken over by James Tyson, a former member of the Queensland Legislative Council, a pastoralist, considered Australia's first self-made millionaire; the town grew up as a stopping point for diggers on their way to the Gippsland goldfields, the Post Office opened on 24 September 1870. It is today known for its timber production, it is the principal source of hardwood in Victoria, the largest timber mill in the Southern Hemisphere, Australian Sustainable Hardwoods, is located there.
The district's irrigation water comes from Lake Glenmaggie. During the Gippsland bushfires in December 2006 and January 2007, the town was used as a staging area by the networked fire agencies, the Department of Sustainability and Environment, Country Fire Authority, Victoria Police, the Victorian State Emergency Service. A skatepark was built in Heyfield in December 2005. Heyfield and its surroundings were victims of severe flash floods twice during winter and spring in 2007; the Thomson River rendered the road out of Heyfield impassable. The town has an Australian Rules football team competing in the North Gippsland Football League. Golfers play at the course of the Heyfield Golf Club on Golflinks Road; the author Mary Grant Bruce started writing her Billabong series of books in 1910 while staying at James Tyson's former house. The poet Shaw Neilson spent some time in the Heyfield area in the 1920s, where he wrote several poems and helped in the construction of the Lake Glenmaggie weir wall.
Wil Anderson - Australian stand-up comedian and TV and radio personality David Wojcinski - Geelong FC Player. Leigh Brown - Retired Collingwood FC Player. Melbourne FC assistant coach. Brent Macaffer - Collingwood FC Player. Heyfield Sydney Morning Herald - Heyfield
Census in Australia
The census in Australia, or the Census of Population and Housing, collects key characteristic data on every person in Australia, the place they are staying in, on a particular night. The census is the largest statistical collection compiled by the Australian Bureau of Statistics and is held every five years. Participation in the census is compulsory; the Australian Bureau of Statistics is legislated to collect and disseminate census data under the Australian Bureau of Statistics Act 1975, the Census and Statistics Act 1905. The first Australian census was held in 1911, on the night of 2 April and subsequent censuses were held in 1921, 1933, 1947, 1954 and 1961. In 1961 the five-year period was introduced. Censuses are held on the second Tuesday of August; the most recent was held on 9 August 2016 at a cost of $440 million. The census counts all people who are located within Australia and its external and internal territories, with the exception of foreign diplomats and their families, on census night.
For the first time, in 2016 Norfolk Island was included in the Australian census rather than being conducted by the Norfolk Island Government. The census examines data such as age, incomes, dwelling types and occupancy, transportation modes, languages spoken, religion; the census is collected and published against geographic areas defined by the Australian Standard Geographical Classification. The ASGC provides a set of geographic classifications for the dissemination of all ABS statistics. In 2007 the ABS published; the primary aim of mesh blocks is to provide a building block for constructing alternative and more relevant geographies. Only data on total persons and total dwellings is released at the mesh block level. Mesh blocks will form the basis of a new statistical geography, the Australian Statistical Geography Standard; the traditional concept of a Collection District is that it was the area that one census collector can cover in about a ten-day period. In the 2001 census, collectors may be allocated more than one urban collection district because of their size.
In urban areas collection districts average about 220 dwellings. In rural areas the number of dwellings per collection district reduces as population densities decrease. For the 2016 census there were 358,122'mesh blocks' and 57,523 spatial Statistical Area Level 1 regions defined throughout Australia; the Census and Statistics Act 1905 and Privacy Act 1988 guarantee that no personally-identifiable information is released from the ABS to other government organisations, or the public. However the ABS makes confidential census data available to researchers, who must make various legal commitments before being given access. In the 1970s there was public debate about the census. In 1979 the Law Reform Commission reported on the Census. One of the key elements under question was the inclusion of names, it was found. On 18 December 2015, the ABS announced that it will retain name and address data collected in the 2016 census for up to four years; this was an increase from 18 months in the 2011 censuses.
From 1971 to 1996 the ABS had a policy of destruction of the original census forms and their electronic representations, as well as field records. Prior to that it appears there was no explicit policy of destruction, but most material had been destroyed because of lack of storage facilities; however the 2001 census offered, for the first time, an option to have personal data archived by the National Archives of Australia and released to the public 99 years and in 2001 54% of Australians agreed to do so. Indigenous Australians in contact with the colonists were enumerated at many of the colonial censuses; when the Federation of Australia occurred in 1901, the new Constitution contained a provision, which said: "In reckoning the numbers of the people of the Commonwealth, or of a State or other part of the Commonwealth, aboriginal natives shall not be counted." In 1967, a referendum was held which approved two amendments to the Australian constitution relating to indigenous Australians. The second of the two amendments deleted Section 127 from the Constitution.
It was believed at the time of the referendum, is still said, that Section 127 meant that aboriginal people were not counted in Commonwealth censuses before 1967. In fact section 127 related to calculating the population of the states and territories for the purpose of allocating seats in Parliament and per capita Commonwealth grants, its purpose was to prevent Queensland and Western Australia using their large aboriginal populations to gain extra seats or extra funds. Thus the Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics interpreted Section 127 as meaning that they may enumerate "aboriginal natives" but that they must be excluded from published tabulations of population. Aboriginal people living in settled areas were counted to a greater or lesser extent in all censuses before 1967; the first Commonwealth Statistician, George Handley Knibbs, obtained a legal opinion that "persons of the half blood" or less are not "aboriginal natives" for the purposes of the Constitution. At the first Australian census in 1911 only those "aboriginal natives" living near white settlements were enumerated, the main population tables included only those of half or less aboriginal descent.
Details of "half-caste" (but not "ful
Shire of Wellington
The Shire of Wellington is a local government area in Victoria, located in the eastern part of the state. It covers an area of 10,989 square kilometres and at the 2016 Census had a population of 43,000, it includes the towns of Heyfield, Maffra, Stratford, Newry and Yarram. It was formed in 1994 from the amalgamation of the Shire of Alberton, Shire of Avon, Shire of Maffra, City of Sale and parts of the Shire of Rosedale; the Shire is administered by the Wellington Shire Council. The Shire is named after a major geographical feature in the region, Lake Wellington, located in the south-east of the LGA; the Council is composed of three wards and nine councillors, with three councillors per ward elected to represent each ward. The Council meets in the Council Chambers of the Wellington Centre in the Port of Sale precinct at 70 Foster Street, which houses the Gippsland Art Gallery, Visitor Information Centre and Sale Library; the council headquarters are located over the road at 18 Desailly Street, the location of the council's administrative activities.
It provides customer services at its service centres in Maffra, Stratford and Yarram. Central Gippsland East Gippsland List of localities Wellington Shire Council official website Metlink local public transport map Link to Land Victoria interactive maps
Sale is a city situated in the Gippsland region of the Australian state of Victoria. It had an estimated urban population of 14,891 as of June 2016; the Aboriginal name for the Sale area was Wayput. Two famous Gippsland explorers, Paul Strzelecki and Angus McMillan, passed through the immediate area around 1840; the first white settler was Archibald McIntosh who arrived in 1844 and established his'Flooding Creek' property on the flood plain country, duly inundated soon after his arrival. In the 1840s, drovers heading south to Port Albert crossed Flooding Creek and were confronted with the difficult marsh country around the Thomson and Latrobe rivers. A punt operated across the Latrobe River. A Post Office named Flooding Creek opened here on 30 September 1848 being renamed, somewhat belatedly, as Sale on 1 January 1854; the first town plots went on sale in 1850. When the new settlement was gazetted in 1851 it was named'Sale' — a tribute to General Sir Robert Sale, a British army officer who won fame in the first Afghan war before being killed in battle in India in 1845.
An SBS TV documentary "Afghanistan: The Great Game" claims that it is named after his wife, Lady Florentia Sale, who wrote a famous journal of her experiences during the First Afghan War which became a best seller in the 1840s and was serialised in The Times and in Australia. Her letters to her husband were enthusiastically published in Australian papers; the town benefitted from the 1851 gold rush at Omeo as it was situated on the Port Albert to Omeo route and was an important base for the goldfields, until the arrival of the railways. It was an important service centre for East Gippsland and the Monaro Plains of New South Wales. A building boom took place c. 1855–65. In 1863 the population of Sale reached 1800 and it became a borough; the courthouse opened the following year. Shops and offices spilled over into Raymond Street and the first Anglican Church was erected on the site now occupied by St Anne's and Gippsland Grammar School; the Gippsland Times newspaper was established in 1861 while the first Star Hotel and the Criterion Hotel were built in 1865.
St Paul's Cathedral is the cathedral church of the Anglican Diocese of Gippsland in Australia. The cathedral building, built in 1884, is a double-storey building with a rectangular footprint and is constructed of red brick and slate roofing. In terms of access, the first reasonable road from Melbourne arrived in 1865 and Cobb and Co established a rough-and-ready 24-hour coach service linking Melbourne and Sale; the Latrobe Wharf was built in the 1870s and two hotels emerged to exploit the new centre of activity. It was located near the present swing bridge. Anthony Trollope visited Sale in 1872. Writing of the experience in Australia and New Zealand he spoke of the town's'innumerable hotels' and concluded from his impressions that the Aborigines had little chance of surviving as a race; the children's author Mary Grant Bruce was born in the town in 1878. A two-storey post office, with clock tower, was built in 1884. HM Prison Sale was completed in 1887 and it operated for 110 years until it was replaced by a private Fulham Correctional Centre.
The building has since been demolished, with only part of the large brick fencing still remaining. The site remained empty until 2014, it opened in March 2015. Other landmarks in the town include Our Lady of the Criterion Hotel; the former was designed by architects Reed and Tappin and built 1892-1901. Assembly halls and dormitory rear wing were added in 1938; the building is listed on the Register of the National Estate. The Criterion Hotel was built in 1865, it had a two-storey timber verandah, but this was replaced by a cast iron verandah between 1880 and 1900. It is considered "one of the most impressive hostelries in Victoria" and is listed on the Register of the National Estate; the Criterion Hotel closed in 2006 and its deteriorating condition caused local concern that it would be demolished. However, the site was subsequently purchased by a Traralgon-based developer who had previous expertise in restoration of commercial buildings; the Criterion received a complete rebuild in 2010/11 with the external heritage facade and verandah restored.
It re-opened as a hotel, function venue and restaurant early in 2013. With the growth of shipping on the local waterways and the Gippsland Lakes schemes emerged to develop Sale as a port; the construction of the Sale Canal duly commenced in the 1880s, thereby linking the town via the Thomson River and the Gippsland Lakes to the open sea. It was completed in 1890. Other elements were the Sale Swing Bridge, completed in 1883, a high wharf, a launching ramp which still exists in the heart of the city. However, neither the bridge nor the canal created the desired surge of trade and the depression of the 1890s soon engulfed the town. Sale became a town in 1924 and a city in 1950. In World War II, the West Sale RAAF base was the landing site of 2 Japanese Mitsubishi Zeros. Sale has seen much development and redevelopment in the past decade, one example being the multimillion-dollar redevelopment of the city's Port of Sale. Sale has a moderate oceanic climate made up of warm summers, mild autumns and springs and cool winters.
Sale records 595.9 mm of measurable precipitation per year, making it drier than the nearby state capital, Melbourne. The wettest month is November whilst. At 54.8 days, it gets more clear days than Melbourne. After oil was
Seaspray is a small coastal town in Victoria, Australia, in the Gippsland region of the state. The town is located alongside the Ninety Mile Beach about 10 kilometres off the South Gippsland Highway in the Shire of Wellington, 242 kilometres east of the state capital, Melbourne. At the 2011 census, Seaspray had a population of 316. Seaspray's main recreational features and tourism attractions focus around swimming and other watersports, as well as fishing on the Ninety Mile Beach. There is fishing in the creek, tennis and playground facilities, regular markets; the town hosts annual Surf Life Saving Carnivals. In 2015 the Seaspray Surf Life Saving Club underwent a $2.6 million rebuild after the previous club rooms had been badly damaged by violent storms in 2007. This first stage of the rebuild included better operational control facilities, a first-aid centre, equipment storage, a social function area with views across the town and beach. Future stages of the work will include a patrol tower, extensive outside decking to expand the function area, greater storage facilities.
Seaspray hosted an overnight's stay of the Great Victorian Bike Ride on its seventh running in 1990 and again in 2017. In winter, southern right whales may provide onlookers chances to witness them cavorting close to shores
Port Albert is a coastal town in Victoria, Australia, on the coast of Corner Inlet on the Yarram - Port Albert Road, 82 kilometres south-east of Morwell, 236 kilometres south-east of Melbourne, in the Shire of Wellington. At the 2016 census, Port Albert had a population of 245. Port Albert was one of the earliest ports established in Victoria. In 1841 the Gippsland Company investigated the area following favourable reports from explorer Angus McMillan. In May of that year the first settlers arrived; the area was known as Seabank or Old Port, but was changed to New Leith when the town started developing, changed to Alberton and Port Albert in honour of Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, the husband of Queen Victoria. The Post Office opened on 1 November 1842 as Alberton and was the fourth to open in the Port Phillip District, it became the administrative centre of Gippsland and a transport hub for cargo between Melbourne and Van Diemen's Land, thanks to its 250-metre timber jetty. As the Victorian Gold Rush began in the 1850s, traffic through Port Albert increased, bringing prospectors from Europe and China, many of whom were headed for the Dargo goldfields.
This further added to Port Albert's prosperity. During the 1870s and 1880s, Gippsland was settled, connected to the railway network; this reduced Port Albert's role as an important transport hub, the population subsequently decreased. Today the town acts as a commercial fishing port, is popular with fishers and surfers; the town hosts a fishing competition each March. Drum Island, around 110 hectares in size, lies off the coast