The Adventures of Ruth
The Adventures of Ruth is a 1919 American film serial directed by George Marshall. It is now considered to be a lost film; the serial was advertised as written and directed by Ruth Roland. Roland was the producer; as described in a film magazine, Daniel Robin has become mixed up with a band of criminals known as "the 13," and is shot when he refuses to do their bidding. His daughter Ruth, brought home from boarding school, reaches his bedside, he tells her. Instructions will be provided with each key and, if she follows the instructions, she will fully learn of her birthright. Many adventures follow as Ruth attempts to solve the puzzle of each key and establish her true birthright. Ruth Roland as Ruth Robin Herbert Heyes as Bob Wright Thomas G. Lingham as LaFarge, the Hound William Human as Paul Brighton Charles Bennett as Wayman Helen Case as Countess Zirka Helen Deliane as Melody Morne Charles Belcher George Larkin The Wrong Countess The Celestial Maiden The Bewitching Spy The Stolen Picture The Bank Robbery The Border Fury The Substitute Messenger The Harem Model The Cellar Gangsters The Forged Check The Trap The Vault of Terror Within Hollow Walls The Fighting Chance The Key To Victory The Adventures of Ruth on IMDb The Adventures of Ruth at AllMovie
Destry Rides Again
Destry Rides Again is a 1939 western starring Marlene Dietrich and James Stewart, directed by George Marshall. The supporting cast includes Mischa Auer, Charles Winninger, Brian Donlevy, Allen Jenkins, Irene Hervey, Billy Gilbert, Bill Cody, Jr. Lillian Yarbo, Una Merkel. Although the title comes from Max Brand's popular novel, which inspired the earlier screenplay with Tom Mix, this version is entirely unrelated to either. In 1996, Destry Rides Again was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally or aesthetically significant". Saloon owner Kent, the unscrupulous boss of the fictional Western town of Bottleneck, has the town's sheriff, Mr. Keogh, killed when Keogh asks one too many questions about a rigged poker game. Kent and "Frenchy", his girlfriend and the dance hall queen, now have a stranglehold over the local cattle ranchers; the crooked town's mayor, Hiram J. Slade, in collusion with Kent, appoints the town drunk, Washington Dimsdale, as the new sheriff, assuming that he will be easy to control and manipulate.
However, Dimsdale, a deputy under the famous lawman Tom Destry, promptly swears off drinking, is able to call upon the latter's formidable son, Tom Destry, Jr. to help him make Bottleneck a lawful, respectable town. Destry arrives in Bottleneck with Jack Tyndall, a cattleman, his sister, Janice. Destry confounds the townsfolk by refusing to strap on a gun and maintaining civility in dealing with everyone, including Kent and Frenchy; this makes him a disappointment to Dimsdale and a laughingstock to the townspeople. However, after a number of rowdy horsemen ride into town shooting their pistols in the air, he demonstrates uncanny expertise in marksmanship and threatens to jail them if they do it again, earning the respect of Bottleneck's citizens. Through the townsmen's evasive answers regarding the whereabouts of Keogh, Destry begins to suspect that Keogh was murdered, he confirms this by provoking Frenchy into admitting it, but without a location for the body, he lacks any proof. Destry therefore deputizes Boris, a Russian immigrant who Frenchy had earlier humiliated, implies to Kent that he had found the body outside of town "in remarkably good condition".
When Kent sends a member of his gang to check on Keogh's burial site and Dimsdale follow and jail him. Although the gang member is charged with Keogh's murder, Mayor Slade appoints himself judge of the trial, making an innocent verdict a foregone conclusion. To prevent this, Destry calls in a judge from a larger city in secret, but the plan is ruined after Boris accidentally gives away the other judge's name in the saloon. Kent orders Frenchy to invite the deputy to her house while other gang members storm the sheriff's office and cause a breakout; when shots are fired, he rushes back, to find the cell Dimsdale mortally wounded. Destry returns to his room and puts on his gun belt, abandoning his previous commitment to nonviolence. Under Destry's command, the honest townsmen form a posse and prepare to attack the saloon, where Kent's gang is fortified, while Destry enters through the roof and looks for Kent. At Frenchy's urging, the townswomen march in between the groups, preventing further violence, before breaking into the saloon and subduing the gang.
Kent narrowly escapes, attempts to shoot Destry from the second floor. Some time Destry is shown to be the sheriff of a now lawful Bottleneck, repeating to children the stories that Dimsdale told him of the town's violent history, he jokingly tells a story about marriage to Janice, implying a marriage between them will soon follow. As appearing in screen credits: Dietrich sings "See What the Boys in the Back Room Will Have" and "You've Got That Look", written by Frank Loesser, set to music by Frederick Hollander, which have become classics. Famed Western writer Max Brand contributed the novel, Destry Rides Again, but the film owes its origins to Brand's serial "Twelve Peers", published in a pulp-magazine. In the original work, Harrison Destry was not a pacifist; as filmed in 1932, with Tom Mix in the starring role, the central character differed in that Destry did wear six-guns in that version. The film was James Stewart's first western; the story featured a ferocious cat-fight between Marlene Dietrich and Una Merkel, which caused a mild censorship problem at the time of release.
According to writer/director Peter Bogdanovich, Marlene Dietrich told him during an aircraft flight that she and James Stewart had an affair during shooting and that she became pregnant but had a surreptitious abortion without telling Stewart. Internationally, the film was released under the alternative titles Femme ou Démon in French and Arizona in Spanish. Destry Rides Again was well accepted by the public, as well as critics, it was reviewed by Frank S. Nugent in The New York Times, who noted that the film did not follow the usual Hollywood type-casting. On Dietrich's role, he characterized, "It's difficult to reconcile Miss Dietrich's Frenchy, the cabaret girl of the Bloody Gulch Saloon, with the posed and posturing Dietrich we last saw in Mr. Lubitsch's'Angel'." Stewart's contribution was treated, "turning in an easy, pleasantly humored performance." Universal Pictures released an earlier version titl
A Message to Garcia (1936 film)
A Message to Garcia is a 1936 American war film directed by George Marshall and starring Wallace Beery and Barbara Stanwyck, John Boles and Alan Hale, Sr.. The film is inspired by the 1899 essay A Message to Garcia by Elbert Hubbard, loosely based on an incident during the Spanish–American War; the essay had been made into a 1916 silent film A Message to Garcia. Agent Rowan carries a message from President McKinley to General Garcia the leader of a rebellion against Spanish rule on the island of Cuba during the time of the Spanish–American War; the film opens with the Maine Incident of 1898 in which an American warship blew-up in Havana harbor following sabotage by Spain, triggering the outbreak of the Spanish–American War. President McKinley, wishing to make contact with General Calixto García, the leader of the Cuban revolt against Spain, summons an American army officer Andrew Summers Rowan to the White House and gives him a message which he is to deliver into Garcia's hands. Rowan slips into Cuba with the aid of the crew of a neutral British ship.
But after discovering his mission, the Spanish hire the cynical, amoral Doctor Krug to hunt down the American before he can reach Garcia. After learning in Havana of the general location of Garcia Rowan sets out in the company of Raphaelita, a Cuban Patriot whose father has been killed by the Spanish, Sergeant Dory, a deserter from the American marines. Both are convinced. Aided by villages of Cuban patriots, they make their way towards their destination, they encounter Henry Piper, a British merchant from Sheffield, who has become lost in the Cuban interior. Spanish troops led by Krug remain on their trail, succeed in wounding Raphaelita. Rowan leaves Dory behind to care for her, but she orders Dory to go after Rowan to make sure he gets safely to his destination, believing that his message is more important than any one of their lives. Dory guides Rowan past alligator-infested swamps and Spanish patrols and delivers the Lieutenant to where he believes Garcia is, not realising that the area has been overrun by the Spaniards.
Rowan falls into the hands of the Spanish, Doctor Krug begins torturing to discover the whereabouts of the message which Rowan has hidden in the barrel of his pistol. Dory, has been captured by the Cuban rebels who wish to execute him for having sold them useless ammunition. Dory's personal appeal to Garcia for help to rescue Rowan, who he now realises is in Spanish hands, is refused and he faces the firing squad. Only the dramatic arrival of the British merchant Piper who verifies the truth of Dory's story saves the American from being shot. Garcia begins organizing a rescue attempt. Rowan has resisted torture, refused to break, but when the Spanish bring in Raphaelita, whom they have captured, she tries to persuade him to end his suffering and reveal the message. He still resists, holding out long enough until the Cubans launch a major assault on the Spanish positions. Dory is killed in the process. Rowan presents McKinley's message to Garcia who tells him "this message means the liberation of our people".
Wallace Beery as Sergeant Dory Barbara Stanwyck as Raphaelita Maderos John Boles as Lieutenant Andrew Rowan Alan Hale, Sr. as Doctor Ivan Krug Herbert Mundin as Henry Piper Mona Barrie as Spanish Spy Enrique Acosta as General Calixto García Juan Torena as Luís Maderos Martin Garralaga as Rodríguez Blanca Vischer as Chiquita José Luis Tortosa as Pasquale Castova Lucio Villegas as Commandant Frederick Vogeding as German Stoker Pat Moriarity as Irish Stoker Octavio Giraud as Spanish Commandant David Clyde as Tevis Dell Henderson as President William McKinley George Irving as Colonel Wagner The film was made by the independent company Twentieth Century Pictures, but was distributed by Fox following the merger between the two outfits. Twentieth Century had developed a reputation for producing high-budget prestige films, this was one of the company's final efforts; the parts of Dory and Raphaelita are fictional and were created to provide roles for Beery and Stanwyck, who were well-established box office stars.
The British comedian Herbert Mundin appeared to add comic relief in his role as an English merchant. Dell Henderson plays President William McKinley but with a stentorian voice dubbed by John Carradine. Hulme, Cuba’s Wild East: A Literary Geography of Oriente. Liverpool, UK: Liverpool University Press, 2011. Rice, Donald Tunnicliff. Cast in Deathless Bronze: Andrew Rowan, the Spanish–American War, the Origins of American Empire. Morgantown WV: West Virginia University Press, 2016. A Message to Garcia at the Internet Movie Database
Frederick Roger Imhof was an American film actor, vaudeville and circus performer, sketch writer, songwriter. Imhof was born in Rock Island and began his career as a circus clown, with the Mills Orton Circus, as an Irish comic, he "toured in vaudeville and burlesque between 1895 and 1930." By 1897, he was "teamed with Charles Osborne in a comedy contortion and burlesque acrobatics act." Around this time, he dropped an "f" from his last name. In the 1902-1903 season, he first worked with longtime vaudeville partner Hugh Conn, an association that lasted into the 1920s or 1930s. Marcel Corinne, sometimes spelled Coreene, joined the act sometime in the 1910s, she and Imhof married in 1913. The trio of Imhof and Corinne toured in two comic sketches, "The Pest House" and "Surgeon Louder, U. S. A.", the latter "a military comedy" Imhof had written. "The Pest House" was "the most popular and longest running of several sketches starring the portly pair Roger Imhof and Marcel Corinne". According to an October 1920 edition of the Oregon Daily Journal, the sketch involved Imhof playing an Irish peddler who spends a mishap-filled night at an inn.
In 1923, he appeared in the Broadway play Jill. He invested in Chicago and Los Angeles real estate, but lost most of his money in the stock market and during the Great Depression, he became involved early on in the nascent Hollywood film industry "as a presenter, promoter, or agent". As an actor, he appeared in films from 1932 to 1944, including San Francisco, Drums Along the Mohawk, The Grapes of Wrath and This Gun for Hire. Of the songs he composed, 11 are extant, including the 1906 "Old Broadway". Imhof was buried in Valhalla Memorial Park Cemetery. Collections of his papers and other material are held by the Green Library, Department of Special Collections, Stanford University, the Spencer Research Library, University of Kansas. List of vaudeville performers: A–K Roger Imhof on IMDb Roger Imhof at AllMovie Roger Imhof at Find a Grave
Jane Darwell was an American actress of stage and television. With appearances in more than one hundred major motion pictures spanning half a century, Darwell is best-remembered for her poignant portrayal of the matriarch and leader of the Joad family in the film adaptation of John Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath, for which she received the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, her role as the Bird Woman in Disney's musical family film, Mary Poppins. Darwell has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Born to William Robert Woodard, president of the Louisville Southern Railroad, Ellen Booth Woodard in Palmyra in Marion County in northeastern Missouri, she intended to become a circus rider later an opera singer, her father objected and she compromised by becoming an actress but changed her name to Darwell to avoid sullying the family name. The Jane Darwell Birthplace was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1984; some sources give Darwell's birth name as Patti Woodward. They include Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia, Screen World Presents the Encyclopedia of Hollywood Film Actors: From the silent era to 1965, Missouri Biographical Dictionary, Screen World 1968, The New Biographical Dictionary of Film, Dictionary of Missouri Biography.
She took up the piano followed by a course in dramatics. At one point, she became an actress. Darwell began acting in theater productions in Chicago and made her first film appearance in 1913, she appeared in twenty films over the next two years before returning to the stage. After a 15-year absence from films, she resumed her film career in 1930 with a role in Tom Sawyer, her career as a Hollywood character actress began. Short and plain, she was cast in a succession of films as the mother of one of the major characters, she appeared in five Shirley Temple films as the housekeeper or grandmother. She won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress as "Ma Joad" in The Grapes of Wrath, a role she was given at the insistence of the film's star, Henry Fonda. A contract player with 20th Century Fox, Darwell was memorably cast in The Ox-Bow Incident, starred in "B" movies and played featured parts in scores of major films. Darwell had noted appearances on the stage as well. By the end of her career she had appeared in more than 170 films, including Huckleberry Finn, Jesse James, Gone with the Wind, The Devil and Daniel Webster, The Ox-Bow Incident, My Darling Clementine.
Darwell was among the guest stars on an episode of Faye Emerson's Wonderful Town, a variety television series which aired on CBS from 1951 to 1952 in which hostess Faye Emerson visits a different city each week to accent the local music. In 1954, Darwell appeared with Andy Clyde in the episode "Santa's Old Suit" of the series, The Pepsi-Cola Playhouse; this same episode was re-run the following Christmas 1955 on Studio 57. In 1959, she appeared with child actor Roger Mobley in the episode "Mr. Rush's Secretary" on the NBC western series, starring Tom Nolan and Sally Brophy, she guest starred on John Bromfield's crime drama in Sheriff of Cochise. On July 27, 1961, Darwell appeared as "Grandmother McCoy" in an episode of the ABC sitcom The Real McCoys. In the story line, the series characters played by Walter Brennan, Richard Crenna, Kathleen Nolan return to fictitious Smokey Corners, West Virginia, for Grandmother McCoy's 100th birthday gathering. Darwell was fifteen years older than "son," Walter Brennan.
Pat Buttram and Henry Jones appeared in this episode as Jed McCoy, respectively. Darwell's final role as the old woman feeding the birds in Mary Poppins was assigned to her by Walt Disney. On February 8, 1960, Darwell received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for her contributions to the motion-picture industry. In her last years, Darwell's health was poor, it took personal persuasion from Walt Disney for her to appear in Disney's Mary Poppins as she was, by tired, frail and in her middle eighties. Darwell died August 13, 1967, at the Motion Picture & Television Country House and Hospital in Woodland Hills, from a myocardial infarction at the age of 87, she is interred at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in California. List of actors with Academy Award nominations Jane Darwell on IMDb Jane Darwell at the Internet Broadway Database Jane Darwell at Find a Grave
The Goldwyn Follies
The Goldwyn Follies is a 1938 Technicolor film written by Ben Hecht, Sid Kuller, Sam Perrin and Arthur Phillips, with music by George Gershwin, Vernon Duke, Ray Golden, lyrics by Ira Gershwin. Some sources credit Kurt Weill as one of the composers, but this is incorrect; the Goldwyn Follies was the first Technicolor film produced by Samuel Goldwyn. The movie, which features Adolphe Menjou, Vera Zorina, Edgar Bergen, Andrea Leeds, Kenny Baker, Ella Logan, Helen Jepson, Bobby Clark and the Ritz Brothers, depicts a movie producer who chooses a simple girl to be "Miss Humanity" and to critically evaluate his movies from the point of view of the ordinary person; the style of the film is similar to other musicals of its era, including the "Gold Diggers" series and others. The film is an effective satire on Hollywood and have some excellent numbers choreographed by George Balanchine. Songs include: "Our Love is Here to Stay" "I Was Doing All Right" "Spring Again" "Love Walked In" "I Love to Rhyme"This was the last film score written by George Gershwin before his death on 11 July 1937.
The Goldwyn Follies was released on 20 February 1938. The movie was nominated for Best Interior Decoration. Adolphe Menjou as Oliver Merlin The Ritz Brothers as Themselves Vera Zorina as Olga Samara Kenny Baker as Danny Beecher Andrea Leeds as Hazel Dawes Edgar Bergen as Himself Charlie McCarthy as Himself Helen Jepson as Leona Jerome Phil Baker as Michael Day Bobby Clark as A. Basil Crane Jr. Ella Logan as Glory Wood Jerome Cowan as Director Lawrence Charles Kullmann as Alfredo in'La Traviata' The American Ballet of the Metropolitan Opera as Ballet Dancers Nydia Westman as Ada Alan Ladd as First Auditioning Singer Francis Xavier Shields Assistant Director The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists: 2006: AFI's Greatest Movie Musicals – NominatedHowever, the film is listed as one of "The Fifty Worst Films of All Time," the book co-written by film critic Michael Medved. Https://web.archive.org/web/20050208123500/http://musicalheaven.com/g/goldwyn_follies.shtml Harry Medved, Randy Dreyfuss, Michael Medved, The Fifty Worst Films of All Time The Goldwyn Follies on IMDb
Black and white
Black-and-white images combine black and white in a continuous spectrum, producing a range of shades of gray. The history of various visual media has begun with black and white, as technology improved, altered to color. However, there are exceptions to this rule, including black-and-white fine art photography and in motion pictures, many art films. Most early forms of motion pictures or film were white; some color film processes, including hand coloring were experimented with, in limited use, from the earliest days of motion pictures. The switch from most films being in black-and-white to most being in color was gradual, taking place from the 1930s to the 1960s; when most film studios had the capability to make color films, the technology's popularity was limited, as using the Technicolor process was expensive and cumbersome. For many years, it was not possible for films in color to render realistic hues, thus its use was restricted to historical films and cartoons until the 1950s, while many directors preferred to use black-and-white stock.
For the years 1940–1966, a separate Academy Award for Best Art Direction was given for black-and-white movies along with one for color. The earliest television broadcasts were transmitted in black-and-white, received and displayed by black-and-white only television sets. Scottish inventor John Logie Baird demonstrated the world's first color television transmission on July 3, 1928 using a mechanical process; some color broadcasts in the U. S. began in the 1950s, with color becoming common in western industrialized nations during the late 1960s. In the United States, the Federal Communications Commission settled on a color NTSC standard in 1953, the NBC network began broadcasting a limited color television schedule in January 1954. Color television became more widespread in the U. S. between 1963 and 1967, when major networks like CBS and ABC joined NBC in broadcasting full color schedules. Some TV stations in the US were still broadcasting in B&W until the late 80s to early 90s, depending on network.
Canada began airing color television in 1966 while the United Kingdom began to use an different color system from July 1967 known as PAL. The Republic of Ireland followed in 1970. Australia experimented with color television in 1967 but continued to broadcast in black-and-white until 1975, New Zealand experimented with color broadcasting in 1973 but didn't convert until 1975. In China, black-and-white television sets were the norm until as late as the 1990s, color TVs not outselling them until about 1989. In 1969, Japanese electronics manufacturers standardized the first format for industrial/non-broadcast videotape recorders called EIAJ-1, which offered only black-and-white video recording and playback. While used professionally now, many consumer camcorders have the ability to record in black-and-white. Throughout the 19th century, most photography was monochrome photography: images were either black-and-white or shades of sepia. Personal and commercial photographs might be hand tinted. Colour photography was rare and expensive and again containing inaccurate hues.
Color photography became more common from the mid-20th century. However, black-and-white photography has continued to be a popular medium for art photography, as shown in the picture by the well-known photographer Ansel Adams; this can take the form of black-and-white film or digital conversion to grayscale, with optional digital image editing manipulation to enhance the results. For amateur use certain companies such as Kodak manufactured black-and-white disposable cameras until 2009. Certain films are produced today which give black-and-white images using the ubiquitous C41 color process. Printing is an ancient art, color printing has been possible in some ways from the time colored inks were produced. In the modern era, for financial and other practical reasons, black-and-white printing has been common through the 20th century. However, with the technology of the 21st century, home color printers, which can produce color photographs, are common and inexpensive, a technology unimaginable in the mid-20th century.
Most American newspapers were black-and-white until the early 1980s. Some claim. In the UK, color was only introduced from the mid-1980s. Today, many newspapers restrict color photographs to the front and other prominent pages since mass-producing photographs in black-and-white is less expensive than color. Daily comic strips in newspapers were traditionally black-and-white with color reserved for Sunday strips.:Color printing is more expensive. Sometimes color is reserved for the cover. Magazines such as Jet magazine were either all or black-and-white until the end of the 2000s when it became all-color. Manga are published in black-and-white although now it is part of its image. Many school yearbooks are still or in black-and-white; the Wizard of Oz is in color when Dorothy is in Oz, but in black-and-white when she is in Kansas, although the latter scenes were in sepia when the film was released. The British film A Matter of Life and Death depicts the other world in black-and-white, earthly events in color.
Wim Wenders's film Wings of Desire uses sepia-tone black-and-white f