Division of Barker
The Division of Barker is an Australian Electoral Division in the south-east of South Australia. The division was established on 2 October 1903, when South Australia's original single multi-member division was split into seven single-member divisions, it is named for an early explorer of the region at the mouth of the Murray River. The 63,886 km² seat stretches from Morgan in the north to Port MacDonnell in the south, taking in the Murray Mallee, the Riverland, the Murraylands and most of the Barossa Valley, includes the towns of Barmera, Bordertown, Keith, Kingston SE, Lucindale, Millicent, Mount Gambier, Murray Bridge, Penola, Robe, Tailem Bend and parts of Nuriootpa and Tanunda. Barker is the only one of South Australia's remaining original six divisions that has never been held by the Australian Labor Party and is traditionally the safest seat for the Liberal Party of Australia in the state, it has been in the hands of the Liberals and its predecessors for its entire existence, except for a six-year period when Country Party MP Archie Cameron held it.
The conservative parties have had a secure hold on the seat. This tradition has only been threatened three times. Labor came within 1.2 percent of winning the seat at the 1929 election, within 1.7 percent of winning the seat at the 1943 election. In the latter election, Barker was left as the only non-Labor seat in South Australia, indeed the only Coalition seat outside the eastern states, it would be seven decades before the conservatives' hold on Barker would be threatened again. Though it has always covered the state's entire south-east, Barker was a hybrid urban-rural seat that extended for some distance into the Adelaide area; until 1949, only three seats--Adelaide and Hindmarsh—were based on the capital. For most of the first half-century after Federation, Barker included Glenelg and the Holdfast Bay area, at times stretched as far as the western metropolitan suburbs of Keswick and Henley Beach. However, it became an rural seat after parliament was expanded in the redistribution prior to the 1949 election, making this strongly conservative seat more so.
Barker had always included Kangaroo Island and the connecting Fleurieu Peninsula until parliament was expanded in the redistribution prior to the 1984 election. Exchanged between Barker and Mayo since, Kangaroo Island and the Fleurieu Peninsula have been in Mayo since the redistribution prior to the 2004 election, where the massive redistribution of Wakefield, resulting from the abolition of Bonython, saw Barker absorb the Riverland from Wakefield; the seat's most prominent members have been Cameron, a former leader of the Country Party and Speaker of the House in the Menzies Government, Jim Forbes, a minister in the Menzies, Gorton and McMahon governments, Ian McLachlan, Minister for Defence from 1996 to 1998 in the Howard Government. South Australian Senator Nick Xenophon confirmed in December 2014 that by mid-2015 the Nick Xenophon Team would announce candidates in all states and territories at the 2016 election, with Xenophon citing the government's ambiguity on the Collins-class submarine replacement project as motivation.
ABC psephologist Antony Green's 2016 federal election guide for South Australia stated NXT had a "strong chance of winning lower house seats and three or four Senate seats". A ReachTEL seat-level opinion poll in the safe Liberal seat of Barker of 869 voters conducted by robocall on 20 June during the 2016 election campaign found NXT candidate James Stacey leading the Liberals' Tony Pasin 52–48 on the two-candidate preferred vote. Seat-level opinion polls in the other two rural Liberal South Australian seats revealed NXT leading in both Grey and Mayo. Election-night counting showed that Stacey was second to Pasin on first preferences, however the indicative two-candidate preferred count had been done between Pasin and Labor candidate Mat O'Brien, which meant there was no early indication of whether Stacey would receive enough preferences to beat Pasin before postal and provisional votes were counted and preferences distributed in the following two weeks, it was confirmed that Stacey had not only overtaken O'Brien on first preferences, but reduced Pasin's margin in Barker to 4.7 percent—thus making Barker a marginal seat for the first time since Cameron's near-defeat in the 1943 landslide.
However, Barker remains a comfortably safe Liberal seat in a "traditional" two-party matchup with Labor. Australian federal election, 2016 Results of the Australian federal election, 2016 ABC profile for Barker: 2016 Poll Bludger profile for Barker: 2016 AEC profile for Barker: 2016 SA boundary map, 2001: AEC SA boundary map, 1984: Atlas SA
Electoral district of Schubert
Schubert is a single-member electoral district for the South Australian House of Assembly covering an area of 2,017.8 km². It is named after the winemaker of Penfolds Grange Hermitage; the Barossa Valley area was first represented by the seat of Barossa. The seat of Custance was abolished and recreated as Schubert in the 1994 redistribution and first contested at the 1997 election. Schubert covers the Barossa Valley area, the northern parts of the Adelaide Hills and much of the inner north and northwest plains bordering Adelaide. Areas covered include Eden Valley, Kangaroo Flat, Lyndoch, Tanunda and Williamstown. ECSA profile for Schubert: 2018 ABC profile for Schubert: 2018 Poll Bludger profile for Schubert: 2018
Mid Murray Council
The Mid Murray Council is a local government area in South Australia in the Murray and Mallee region of South Australia. The council spans the area from the Riverland through the Murraylands to the eastern slopes of the Mount Lofty Ranges, it includes 220 km of the Murray River. The council seat is at Mannum, it was formed on 1 July 1997 from the amalgamation of the District Council of Mannum, the District Council of Morgan, the District Council of Ridley-Truro and part of the District Council of Mount Pleasant. The council's main centres include the river towns of Mannum, Swan Reach and Morgan and the hills towns of Truro and Tungkillo, it includes a large number of rural localities, including Angas Valley, Apamurra, Beaumonts, Big Bend, Brenda Park, Cadell Lagoon, Caurnamont, Cowirra, Dutton East, Fisher, Five Miles, Frahns, Julanka Holdings, Lake Carlet, Langs Landing, Maude, Marks Landing, McBean Pound, Morphetts Flat, Mount Mary, Nildottie, North West Bend, Old Teal Flat, Pellaring Flat, Ponde, Port Mannum, Punyelroo, Rocky Point, Sandleton, Stuart, Teal Flat, Walker Flat, Wombats Rest, Younghusband, Younghusband Holdings and Zadows Landing, parts of Birdwood, Bowhill, Burdett, Dutton, Eden Valley, Mount Pleasant, Mount Torrens, Rockleigh, Steinfeld, Taylorville and Wall Flat.
Mid Murray Council has a directly-elected mayor. Official website
Adelaide Plains Council
The Adelaide Plains Council is a local government area in South Australia. It consists of a rural region along the Gulf St Vincent, covering a total area of 926 km2; the council seat lies at Mallala, but it maintains a service centre at Two Wells. Both the Light River and the Gawler River pass through the district and the rich fertile plains are ideal for vegetable production, the majority of, sent to the nearby Adelaide markets; as well as the general agricultural pursuits of grain growing and storage and running livestock, other major industries in the region include the livestock market / sale yards, metal fabrication and manufacture of industrial equipment. The District Council of Light was proclaimed on 21 March 1935, having stemmed from the amalgamation of the District Council of Grace, the District Council of Dublin and the District Council of Port Gawler, it is unrelated to either the earlier or councils named District Council of Light, both of which were predecessors of the adjacent Light Regional Council.
In 1936, the council petitioned the state government to have its name changed citing an existing problem with correspondence intended for the Council being addressed to towns situated outside its boundaries in the cadastral unit of the Hundred of Light and that the recent creation of the electoral district of Light, outside of its boundaries would “cause further confusion.” The change was granted and the renaming of the council as the District Council of Mallala was gazetted on 15 April 1937. The first white settlement of the area dates back to the Port Gawler Special Survey in 1839; the land was inhabited by the Kaurna people whose territory extended in a narrow corridor along the eastern shore of Gulf St Vincent. Inland the stringy bark forests of the Mount Lofty Ranges marked their boundary. Throughout the district large tracts of surveyed land were allotted to pastoralists who farmed grain and sheep; the early produce of the area was shipped out on ketches from the Ports of Gawler and Parham.
In 1986, the council was reported as having an area of 926.7 square kilometres and a population of about 3940 with most population growth occurring in the southern part of the council area around the town of Two Wells. The principal industries were agriculture and salt mining with the former consisting of market gardening in the vicinity of the Gawler River with the remainder of the district being used for cereal growing, stock grazing and dairying, with the latter being concerned with salt extraction via evaporation at sites along the coastline. In September 2016, the council's name was changed to be Adelaide Plains Council, reflecting its extent and location on the northern Adelaide Plains; the Adelaide Plains Council includes the towns and localities of Calomba, Fischer, Lewiston, Lower Light, Middle Beach, Port Gawler, Thompson Beach, Two Wells, Webb Beach and Windsor, parts of Barabba, Grace Plains, Long Plains, Reeves Plains and Wild Horse Plains. The Adelaide Plains Council has a directly-elected mayor.
The following persons were elected to serve as chairman of the council for the following terms: Edmund Albert Charles Brooks Arthur David Prime Albert Sydney Helps Leslie Rupert Hart Maxwell Howard Marshman Allan Reginald Hart Roy Arthur Bache Lancelot Arthur Davies Leon George Broster List of parks and gardens in rural South Australia Official site
For other named people, see William Light Colonel William Light was a British naval and army officer and a painter. He was the first Surveyor-General of the Colony of South Australia and he is famous for choosing the site of the province's capital and for designing the layout of its streets and parks – in the Adelaide city centre and the Adelaide Park Lands. Light was born in Kedah, he lived in Penang until the age of six. He was of Eurasian background, the son of Captain Francis Light, the Superintendent of Penang who had married Martinha Rozells, William's mother, according to the native custom. Rozells was of Portuguese or French, Siamese or Malay descent. At the age of 13, Light volunteered for the Royal Navy, he travelled through Europe and India before joining the 4th Dragoons regiment of the British Army in 1808. After courageous service in Spain against Napoleon's forces from 1809 to 1814, during the Peninsular War, he served under the Duke of Wellington and went on to serve in various parts of Britain as a Captain.
Light married E. Perois in Derry, Ireland, in 1821, lost his wife in tragic circumstances. In 1823 he returned to Spain to fight the French invasion as aide-de-camp to Sir Robert Wilson. Volunteering as a private in the Vigo militia, he was made a Lieutenant-Colonel, he was badly saved from execution by the French. After returning to England he married his second wife, Mary Bennet, natural daughter of the Duke of Richmond, travelled with her in Europe, the Mediterranean, Egypt. Between 1830 and 1835 he helped founder of modern Egypt, to establish a Navy. Light captained the Pasha's steamship Nile from the River Thames to Alexandria and served in the Egyptian Navy. Light was considered for the position of Resident Commissioner – this was, given to James Hurtle Fisher. Instead, in 1836, Light was appointed Surveyor-General of the new Province, he sailed for South Australia with Maria Gandy and her brothers, some of his survey staff on the Survey Brig Rapid. There Light was the first to chart the Port Adelaide River, selected the location and designed and laid out the plan of the City of Adelaide.
The Adelaide city centre was planned by Light to span the River Torrens, with six City Squares and a figure-eight of open space, the Adelaide Park Lands. One of the reasons he chose the location was because clouds drifting over the nearby Adelaide Hills would provide rainfall; this was a promising indicator of good conditions for avoidance of drought prone areas. Another was; when Light was designing Adelaide, his plans included surrounding the city with 2,300 acres of parklands. This would provide the urban population in the City of Adelaide with public walks, which were to be preserved in perpetuity. Populous towns in Britain lacked accessible open space for recreation and South Australia was to provide a model for reform, it is sometimes claimed that Light designed the city of Christchurch in New Zealand. However, this is not possible; the settlement and planning of Christchurch was based on the same principles, first tested with the founding of South Australia, Edward Gibbon Wakefield's theory of systematic colonization.
Light's role in founding and designing the South Australian capital is remembered as Light's Vision, commemorated with a statue, relocated from Victoria Square to Montefiore Hill, where it now points towards the River Torrens and the southern part of the City of Adelaide. Extracts from his diary in 1839 are quoted on a plaque attached to the statue, highlight the difficulties Light faced in having this site chosen:'The reasons that led me to fix Adelaide where it is I do not expect to be understood or calmly judged of at present. My enemies however, by disputing their validity in every particular, have done me the good service of fixing the whole of the responsibility upon me. I am willing to bear it, I leave it to posterity and not to them, to decide whether I am entitled to praise or to blame.'Light's statue was moved to Montefiore Hill from the site where it was erected at northern end of Victoria Square. Light's survey of the City of Adelaide commenced from the corner of North Terrace and West Terrace, there is a plaque in the vicinity of Light's and Fisher's huts and the first Land and Survey Offices.
This plaque is now situated outside the main entrance of the new Royal Adelaide Hospital. Light's design for Adelaide is noted as one of the great planned metropolises. In December 1837 Light led an exploration from Adelaide and naming the Barossa Valley. Light resigned from his position in 1838, after refusing to use less accurate surveying methods for country surveys, formed a private company, Finniss & Co. with B. T. Finniss, Henry Nixon, William Jacob and Robert G. Thomas, offering a range of ser
Hansborough, South Australia
Hansborough is a locality along the former Morgan railway line adjacent to the Thiele Highway, in South Australia's Mid North region. It is situated 18 kilometres north-east of Kapunda; the Light River runs through the locality. A town was surveyed in July 1865 and named after Frederick Hansborough Dutton, an early pastoralist and an overlander, who founded Anlaby Station, near Kapunda, it was declared as ceasing to exist on 13 August 1936. Boundaries were created for the part of the locality within the Light Regional Council on 16 March 2000 and for the part within the Regional Council of Goyder which includes the ceased Government Town of Hansborough on 24 August 2000; the Hundred of Neales School Freshwater Creek School, opened in 1927 in a former manager's residence on the Kingscourt property and closed in 1940. The 2016 Australian census, conducted in August 2016 reports that Hansborough had a population of 42 people. David Moody
Seppeltsfield, South Australia
Seppeltsfield is a settlement in South Australia on the western side of the Barossa Valley. It is the location of the historic Seppeltsfield winery. At the 2016 Australian census, Seppeltsfield had a population of 138. Seppeltsfield was established in 1852 when Joseph Ernst Seppelt bought land and moved there after having migrated from Lower Silesia to South Australia in 1849, he attempted to grow tobacco grew corn and grapes