Lapinjärvi is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the Uusimaa region; the municipality has a population of 2,655 and covers an area of 339.31 square kilometres of which 9.44 km2 is water. The population density is 8.05 inhabitants per square kilometre. Neighbouring municipalities are Iitti, Loviisa, Myrskylä and Orimattila; the municipality is bilingual, with majority being Finnish and minority Swedish speakers. Lapinjärvi lake is located in the Lapinjärvi. Results of the Finnish parliamentary election, 2011 in Lapinjärvi: Swedish People's Party 33.2% Centre Party 16.8% True Finns 16.2% National Coalition Party 11.2% Social Democratic Party 10.4% Green League 4.3% Left Alliance 3.9% Christian Democrats 2.1% Gustaf Rosenqvist Vilhelm Rosenqvist Hilda Käkikoski Otto Slätis Johan Strömberg Gustaf Storgårds Mikko Innanen Lapinjärvi Educational Center Media related to Lapinjärvi at Wikimedia Commons Municipality of Lapinjärvi – Official website
Loviisa is a municipality and town of 14,873 inhabitants on the southern coast of Finland. About 43 per cent of the population is Swedish-speaking; the municipality covers an area of 1,751.52 square kilometres of which 931.92 km2 is water. The population density is 18.15 inhabitants per square kilometre. The neighboring municipalities of Liljendal, Pernå and Ruotsinpyhtää were consolidated with Loviisa on January 1, 2010. Loviisa was founded in 1745. Most of the fortifications have been preserved. Loviisa was called Degerby, but king Adolf Frederick of Sweden renamed the city after his spouse Lovisa Ulrika after visiting the town in 1752. Loviisa is the site of two of Finland's nuclear reactors, two VVER units each of 488 MWe, at the Loviisa Nuclear Power Plant; the other operating reactors are at the Olkiluoto Nuclear Power Plant. Loviisa is led by a town council with 35 members; the Swedish People's Party gained majority in the municipal election in 2017. Swedish People's Party 18 seats Social Democratic Party 8 seats National Coalition Party 3 seats Non-aligned 2 seats Green League 2 seats Centre Party 2 seats Loviisa is twinned with: Haapsalu, Estonia Hillerød, Denmark Horten, Norway Karlskrona, Sweden Ólafsfjörður, Iceland Paks, Hungary Kahramanmaras, Turkey The building of the sea fortress of Svartholm, located to the south from the city, was begun at the same time as the fortification of Loviisa.
The purpose of the sea fortress was to protect the city from the sea, as well as to offer safe haven for the Swedish coastal navy. A joint Anglo-French navy unit destroyed the battlements of the island during the Crimean War. No longer fit for use the fortress was left to decay; as of the 1960s the fortress has been restored led by the National Board of Antiquities. The restoration was brought to a conclusion in time for the 250th jubilee of the fortress in 1998. During the summers various programmes are arranged on the island for both tourists; the guided tours, an exciting adventure for juniors and a restaurant lure both boaters and people travelling by the ferry boat, which does regular traffic between Loviisa centre and Svartholm. Loviisa is renowned for its Old Town; the Old Town was spared from the great fire of 1855. An annex of the Degerby estate, dating from the 17th century, is located in the Old Town; the building is one of the oldest surviving wooden houses in Finland. In Loviisa there is a high society clubhouse, the only one of its kind in Finland spared from fires.
Having been restored it now is a library/mediatheque. The first church in Loviisa was destroyed during the fire; the current Neo-Gothic church was inaugurated in 1865. The German Brandenstein division landed in Valko in Loviisa on April 7, 1918; the division advanced as far as to Lahti, before returning to Loviisa in order to leave the country on December 16, 1918, as Germany had lost World War I. The summers are lively in Loviisa; the most popular summer events are the Historical Houses of Loviisa, the Sibelius Days, the Loviisa Day on August 25 and the King Arrives in Loviisa, Small Ships' Race, the Peace Forum and the horse trotting contests Loviisa boasts many companies useful for the local tourism. The harbour in Valko and the Loviisa Power Plant bring industry to Loviisa. There is an industrial park in the Uusikaupunki district, housing many smaller companies, for instance mechanical shops and retail sellers of spare parts. There is a harbour for cargoes such as timber and parcelled goods in the southern city district of Valko.
From the harbour there is a traffic connection to Route 7, the major highway between Helsinki and St Petersburg. Loviisa centre is located by Route 7 close to Helsinki and the Russian border. There is a train connection from the harbour to Lahti, from where the carriages can reach other destinations in the country; the route into the harbour is 9.5 meters deep. Media related to Loviisa at Wikimedia Commons Official website Loviisa Peace-Forum
Sipoo is a municipality of Finland. Its seat is in Nikkilä, it is located in the Uusimaa region. The municipality has a population of 20,675 and covers an area of 698.60 square kilometres of which 358.97 km2 is water. The population density is 60.88 inhabitants per square kilometre. The once completely Swedish-speaking municipality is bilingual since 1953, a majority being Finnish speakers, due to migration from other parts of Finland since 2003. Today the Finnish-speaking majority stands at 60% and the Swedish-speaking minority is about 39% of the population. On June 26, 2006, the Sipoo town council decided on a strategy to triple the municipality's population over the next 25 years; the decision was made after Helsinki announced plans to annex a part of the municipality in order to continue to build high-end urbanizations in the coastline. The Finnish Council of State voted in favor of the annexation on June 28, 2007, with votes 8 to 4. Sipoo appealed to the Supreme Administrative Court, but the court upheld the decision of the Council of State and the annexation took place on January 1, 2009.
As Helsinki did not directly border Sipoo at any point, the city of Vantaa ceded the area lain between Helsinki and Sipoo to Helsinki in the process. Aurskog-Høland, Norway Frederikssund, Denmark Kumla, Sweden Kuusalu, Estonia Sibbesborg Media related to Sipoo at Wikimedia Commons Municipality of Sipoo – Official website Pictures Map of Sipoo
Ruotsinpyhtää is a former municipality of Finland. Ruotsinpyhtää, Pernå and Liljendal were consolidated to Loviisa on January 1, 2010, it was part of the Eastern Uusimaa region. The municipality had a population of 2,893 and covered an area of 470.03 square kilometres of which 193.36 km2 is water. The population density was 10.46 inhabitants per square kilometre. The municipality was bilingual, with majority being Finnish and minority Swedish speakers; the area of Ruotsinpyhtää was part of Pyhtää. After the Treaty of Åbo in 1743 the border between Sweden and Russian Empire was drawn on the Ahvenkoski rapid, dividing Pyhtää between the two states. Due to this the western side became known as Ruotsinpyhtää. In 1744 Jakob Forsell and Anders Nohrström bought the local ironworks, renamed Strömfors after their surnames. In 1817 Strömfors became the official Swedish name for the municipality; the Ruotsinpyhtää church was built in 1771 from wood. The church was renovated in 1898 to its current gothic revival appearance.
Gustaf Mickels Henrik Kullberg Sylvi Siltanen Pamela Tola Toni Lindberg Virginia af Forselles Media related to Ruotsinpyhtää at Wikimedia Commons Municipality of Ruotsinpyhtää – Official website Map of Ruotsinpyhtää
Porvoo is a city and a municipality situated on the southern coast of Finland 50 kilometres east of Helsinki. It is one of the six medieval towns in Finland, first mentioned as a city in texts from the 14th century. Porvoo is the seat of the Swedish-speaking Diocese of Borgå of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland; the Porvoo Old Town is a popular tourist destination, known for its well-preserved 18th and 19th century buildings and 15th century cathedral, the Porvoo Cathedral. The Old Town is recognized as and culturally significant as one of the National landscapes of Finland; the municipality's official languages are Swedish. In 2014, 64.6% of the population spoke Finnish as their native language, while 30.1% were Swedish speakers. 5.4% had a different native language. Porvoo's neighbouring municipalities are Askola, Myrskylä, Sipoo; the town received its name from a Swedish medieval fortress near the river Porvoonjoki, which flows through the town. The name Porvoo is the Fennicised version of the Swedish name and its parts of borg, meaning "castle", å, "river".
The area of Porvoo has been inhabited since the Stone Age. In pre-historic times, the river Porvoonjoki was a route of commerce for Finnish tribal Tavastians who inhabited the inland regions; the Tavastians had some permanent settlements in the area, such as the village of Hattula, named after an inland Tavastian village. The original name of the river Porvoonjoki was Kukinjoki; the name derives from the name of the trade vessel cog, a common merchant ship in the Baltic Sea in medieval times. The early center of the area was Saksala, meaning "the place of the Germans", deriving from the merchants who were trading in Saksala. Porvoo was colonised by Swedes in the 13th and 14th centuries after the so-called Second Crusade against Tavastians in 1249-1250; the colonisation was led by the kingdom of Sweden. The colonists originated from Svealand, were provided with seeds, cattle and, tax exemption for four years. Porvoo was first mentioned in documents in the early 14th century, it was given city rights around 1380, although according to some sources the city was founded in 1346.
The old city of Porvoo was formally disestablished and the new city of Porvoo founded in 1997, when the city of Porvoo and the rural municipality of Porvoo were consolidated. When Sweden lost the city of Viborg to Russia in 1721, the episcopal see. At this time, Porvoo was the second largest city in Finland. In 1760 two thirds of all buildings in Porvoo burned to the ground in a conflagration. During rebuilding, the city planning wasn't altered, instead new buildings were built upon the existing medieval foundations. After the conquest of Finland by Russian armies in 1808, Sweden had to cede Finland to Russia in 1809; the Diet of Porvoo in 1809 was a landmark in the History of Finland. The Tsar Alexander I confirmed the new Finnish constitution, made Finland an autonomous Grand Duchy; the Porvoo Common Statement is a report issued at the conclusion of theological conversations by official representatives of four Anglican churches and eight Nordic and Baltic Lutheran churches in 1989–1992. It established the Porvoo Communion, so named after the Porvoo Cathedral where the Eucharist was celebrated on the final Sunday of the conversations leading to the Statement.
The town is famed for its "Old Town", a dense medieval street pattern with predominantly wooden houses from the 17th and 18th centuries. The Old Town came close to being demolished in the 19th century by a new urban plan for the city, but the plan was cancelled due to a popular resistance headed by Count Louis Sparre. With the need for growth, a plan was envisioned for a new town built adjacent to the Old Town, following a grid plan, but with houses built of wood; the central point of the old town is the medieval and brick Porvoo Cathedral. The cathedral gave its name to the Porvoo Communion, an inter-church agreement between a number of Anglican and Lutheran denominations; the cathedral is reminiscent of aged churches across Finland, such as the Church of St. Lawrence, Vantaa, as they were designed by the same person, the anonymous German architect Pernajan mestari; the cathedral was damaged by fire on 29 May 2006. A drunken youth had started a fire at the church, unaware of recent tarwork and nearby tar containers, accidentally causing a large conflagration.
He was sentenced to a short prison term and restitutions of 4.3 million euro. The red-coloured wooden storage buildings on the riverside are a proposed UNESCO World Heritage Site; the Old Town is a significant source of tourism in the area. Visitors to the capital Helsinki can embark on day trips to visit the older city; the Old Town hosts various events, such as an annual Christmas market. By the end of the 20th century, there was pressure to develop the untouched western side of the river. There was concern that growth would necessitate the construction of a second bridge across the river into the town, thus putting further strain on the aging wooden town. An architectural competition was held in 1990, the winning entry of which proposed building the second bridge. Plans for the western side of the river have progressed under the direction of architect Tuomas Siitonen, both a vehicle bridge and a pedestrian bridge have been built; the design for new housing is based on a typology derived from the old storehouses on the opposite side of the river
Askola is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the Uusimaa region; the municipality has a population of 4,962 and covers an area of 218.03 square kilometres of which 5.61 km2 is water. The population density is 23.36 inhabitants per square kilometre. Neighbouring municipalities are Myrskylä, Mäntsälä, Pornainen and Pukkila; the municipality is unilingually Finnish. Results of the Finnish parliamentary election, 2011 in Askola: True Finns 32.1% Centre Party 21.9% National Coalition Party 16.1% Social Democratic Party 14.8% Green League 5.4% Left Alliance 5.0% Christian Democrats 1.8% Swedish People's Party 1,6% Most common surnames and their frequencies in Askola as of 2014: 1. Aaltonen 2. Kurki 3. Peltola 4. Linna 5. Koskela 6. Järvinen 7. Niemi 8. Peltonen 9. Salminen 10. Masalin 10. Ollila 10. Suominen Juho Laakso Erkki Peltonen Johannes Linnankoski Oskar Kumpu Media related to Askola at Wikimedia Commons Municipality of Askola – Official website