Magnolia Springs, Alabama
Magnolia Springs is a town in south Baldwin County, United States, in the Daphne–Fairhope–Foley Micropolitan Statistical Area. The town voted to incorporate in 2006; as of the 2010 census it had a population of 723. Magnolia Springs is located at the headwaters of the Magnolia River, called River de Lin, or River del Salto by local residents. Various boats and steamships brought travelers into the area; the largest enterprise in the area was turpentine distillation. These stills were burned by their owners in 1865 to prevent them from being captured when Union soldiers began amassing in the area. One leaves "the Old Spanish Trail at the eastern head of the Cochrane Bridge, drives south through Fairhope along Mobile Bay. Ten or fifteen miles beyond is the pleasant little village of Magnolia Springs, one is in the sandy Gulf Coast soil where these people have their farms and community life, they call themselves'Creoles', their white neighbors qualify the term by calling them' Creoles.' The question of Negro blood has long been a sensitive spot with the Creole population of Louisiana and other southern states, but in Baldwin County it means only one thing to the dominant white class: some degree of Negro extraction.""A stop at a little crossroads store where the young Creole clerk volunteered more information led us still farther into the intricacies of life among the Magnolia Springs Creoles.
The clerk was a small man whose complexion had a hint of reddish brown, he was one of the few men in the community who bore a French family name. He claimed to be the great-grandson of an officer in Napoleon's Grande Armée, he had come to the Baldwin County community from across the bay. He gave as his reason the decay of the Creole community in Mobile County, stated that this disintegration was complete." Several structures in the town are on the National Register of Historic Places, including Moore's Grocery and St. Paul's Episcopal Church. In May 2006 residents voted 224-96 to approve incorporation; the election results were certified by Baldwin County Probate Judge Adrian Johns on June 29, 2006. Magnolia Springs recognizes this date as the town's anniversary; the town council served without salary, but voted in February 2008 to grant the incoming council members salaries of $100 per month. The ordinance would have provided salaries of $200 a month for the mayor and $100 for council members, but this was altered to comply with tax reporting laws.
A previous measure to pay the mayor and council salaries of $50 a month failed to pass on a 3-3 vote. The council moved into new quarters in November 2007; the town contracts with the Baldwin County Sheriff's Department for its law enforcement services. The town is considering annexing parcels within a three-mile radius that would increase the population by 11,000 residents; the Magnolia River is an important resource for the area's residents. As of 2007, activists were seeking to have it named as an Outstanding Alabama Water, the state's highest environmental protection status. "The river is, if you would, the lifeblood of the whole community," Mayor Charles Houser told the Press-Register in 2008. "Whether you're using it for recreation or for whatever else, the river and its health has an impact on the whole community." If it were approved, it would be the third river in the county to enjoy such protection. The town has declared itself a bird sanctuary, it is working toward renovating the park from.
It is the only town in the United States to have a U. S. Postal Service water delivery route. Town of Magnolia Springs official website
Bay Minette, Alabama
Bay Minette is a city in Baldwin County, Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 8,044; the city is the county seat of Baldwin County. In the first days of Baldwin County, the town of McIntosh Bluff on the Tombigbee River was the county seat. After being transferred to the town of Blakeley in 1810, the county seat was moved to the city of Daphne in 1868. In 1900, by an act of the legislature of Alabama, the county seat was authorized for relocation to the city of Bay Minette; the citizens of Bay Minette moved the county records from Daphne in the middle of the night on October 11–12, 1901 and delivered them to the city of Bay Minette - where the Baldwin County seat remains to this day. A mural for the new post office built in 1937 was commissioned by the WPA and painted by Hilton Leech of Bridgeport, Connecticut, to commemorate this event. In September 2011, the town attempted to enact a program called "Operation Restore Our Community", it would have allowed those convicted of a misdemeanor to substitute imprisonment with mandatory church attendance for one year.
However, this program was challenged due to violating separation of church and state, the program's start was delayed for judicial review. It appears to have been scrapped. Bay Minette is located near the center of Baldwin County in southern Alabama at 30°53′0″N 87°46′38″W, it is sited on high ground 5 miles east of the Mobile River/Tensaw River valley and 6 miles west of the Florida border formed by the Perdido River. U. S. Route 31 passes through the center of the city, leading south to Spanish Fort and northeast to Atmore. Interstate 65 passes about 5 miles north of the city, with access from exit 34 and exit 37. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.6 square miles, of which 8.6 square miles is land and 0.077 square miles, or 0.75%, is water. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Bay Minette has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
Bay Minette is part of the Daphne–Fairhope–Foley Micropolitan Statistical Area. As of the census of 2010, there were 8,040 people, 2,744 households, 1,884 families residing in the city; the population density was 930 inhabitants per square mile. There were 3,586 housing units at an average density of 417 square miles; the racial makeup of the city was 60.4% White, 35.3% Black or African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.8% from other races, 1.7% from two or more races. 1.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 2,744 households out of which 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.6% were married couples living together, 21.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.3% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.08. In the city, the population was 23.6% under the age of 18, 13.7% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 35.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $32,389, the median income for a family was $44,573. Males had a median income of $37,623 versus $23,125 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,897. About 17.1% of families and 26.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.9% of those under age 18 and 18.8% of those age 65 or over. Bay Minette uses a mayor council government; the mayor is elected at large. The city council consists of five members. Bay Minette is a part of the Baldwin County Public Schools system. High schools Baldwin County High School North Baldwin Center for Technology Middle school Bay Minette Middle School Intermediate school Bay Minette Intermediate School Elementary school Bay Minette Elementary School Faulkner State Community College Portions of the movie Close Encounters of the Third Kind were filmed near the town's Louisville and Nashville Railroad depot, Friday the 13th Part VII: The New Blood was filmed in rural portions of Baldwin County near Bay Minette.
Intercity bus service is provided by Greyhound Lines. Routes passing through the city include US 31 and Alabama State Route 59. Wallace Gilberry, defensive end for the Cincinnati Bengals Todd Grisham, sports announcer for ESPN Ellis Hooks, soul blues singer and songwriter was born here John McMillan, State Treasurer of Alabama Anthony Mix, former wide receiver for Auburn University and NFL player Joe M. Rodgers, United States Ambassador to France Scotty Joe Weaver, hate crime victim featured in the documentary Small Town Gay Bar City of Bay Minette Bay Minette Airport
Fairhope is a city in Baldwin County, United States, on a sloping plateau, along the cliffs and shoreline of Mobile Bay. The 2010 census lists the population of the city as 15,326. Fairhope is a principal city of the Daphne-Fairhope-Foley micropolitan area, which includes all of Baldwin County. In 2016, Fairhope was named the best small town in the South by Southern Living magazine. Fairhope was founded in November 1894 on the site of the former Alabama City as a radical Georgist "Single-Tax" colony by the Fairhope Industrial Association, a group of 28 followers of economist Henry George who had incorporated earlier that year in Des Moines, Iowa, their corporate constitution explained their purpose in founding a new colony: to establish and conduct a model community or colony, free from all forms of private monopoly, to secure to its members therein equality of opportunity, the full reward of individual efforts, the benefits of co-operation in matters of general concern. In forming their demonstration project, they pooled their funds to purchase land at "Stapleton's pasture" on the eastern shore of Mobile Bay and divided it into a number of long-term leaseholds.
The corporation paid all governmental taxes from rents paid by the lessees, thus simulating a single-tax. The purpose of the single-tax colony was to eliminate disincentives for productive use of land and thereby retain the value of land for the community."Fairhope Avenue" was one of the properties on the 1910 version of the board game The Landlord's Game, a precursor of Monopoly. In 1907 educator Marietta Johnson founded the School for Organic Education in Fairhope; the school was praised in John Dewey's influential 1915 book Schools of Tomorrow. Dewey and Johnson were founding members of the Progressive Education Association. Fairhope became a popular wintering spot for intellectuals. Sherwood Anderson, Clarence Darrow, Wharton Esherick, Carl Zigrosser, Upton Sinclair were among its notable visitors; the Fairhope Single-Tax Corporation still operates, with 1,800 leaseholds covering more than 4,000 acres in and around the current city of Fairhope. Despite the ideals of the corporation, the town has transitioned from utopian experiment to artists' and intellectuals' colony to boutique resort and affluent suburb of Mobile.
For over 50 years and residents of Fairhope have experienced the "jubilee" phenomenon. During a jubilee along the shores of Mobile Bay, some aquatic animals, including blue crabs, flounder and eels, come to the shallow water. At those times, it is possible to catch the fish and other sea life near the water's edge; the Weeks Bay Nature Reserve, located 10 miles to the southeast, is known for the many oaks and pitcher plants along the elevated walkways through the swamp forest. The Bell Building on the Faulkner State Community College campus houses the Marietta Johnson Museum; the Fairhope Museum of History is located downtown. Fairhope is located on the shore of Mobile Bay, it is located 10 miles south of Spanish Fort. U. S. Route 98 runs north-south through the city. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.0 square miles, of which 0.019 square mile, or 0.16%, is water. Its elevation ranges from sea level at the bay to 122 feet in the city center. Fairhope has a humid subtropical climate.
It experiences hot, humid summers and mild winters, with average temperatures ranging from 81.9 °F in the summer to 50.4 °F during winter. As of the census of 2010, there were 15,326 people, 6,732 households, 4,395 families residing in the city, its population density was 1,271 per square mile. There were 7,659 housing units at an average density of 634.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 91.1% White, 6.2% Black, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% Native American, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from other races, 0.8% from two or more races. 2.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 6,732 households out of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.6% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.7% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.84.
21.4% of the population was under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 20.4% from 25 to 44, 28.5% from 45 to 64, 23.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $66,157, the median income for a family was $93,549. Males had a median income of $60,591 versus $36,218 for females; the per capita income for the city was $35,086. About 5.0% of families and 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.8% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over. Fairhope is governed by a mayor and five-person city council, last elected in 2016; the mayor serves as the full-time city executive. Mayor: Karin Wilson. Councilmembers: Jack Burrell Jay Robinson Jimmy Conyers Robert Brown Kevin Boone Local and national real estate developers have built commercial facilities in the downtown area that are larger than have been allowed.
Fairhope's building and zoning ordinances overlap with those of Baldwin County. Residents of the city want more control of construction projects near, but still outside the city limits, while residents outside the city limits want less city control of their property. Fairhope's public s
A city is a large human settlement. Cities have extensive systems for housing, sanitation, land use, communication, their density facilitates interaction between people, government organizations and businesses, sometimes benefiting different parties in the process. City-dwellers have been a small proportion of humanity overall, but following two centuries of unprecedented and rapid urbanization half of the world population now lives in cities, which has had profound consequences for global sustainability. Present-day cities form the core of larger metropolitan areas and urban areas—creating numerous commuters traveling towards city centers for employment and edification. However, in a world of intensifying globalization, all cities are in different degree connected globally beyond these regions; the most populated city proper is Chongqing while the most populous metropolitan areas are the Greater Tokyo Area, the Shanghai area, Jabodetabek. The cities of Faiyum and Varanasi are among those laying claim to longest continual inhabitation.
A city is distinguished from other human settlements by its great size, but by its functions and its special symbolic status, which may be conferred by a central authority. The term can refer either to the physical streets and buildings of the city or to the collection of people who dwell there, can be used in a general sense to mean urban rather than rural territory. A variety of definitions, invoking population, population density, number of dwellings, economic function, infrastructure, are used in national censuses to classify populations as urban. Common population definitions for a city range between 1,500 and 50,000 people, with most U. S. states using a minimum between 5,000 inhabitants. However, some jurisdictions set no such minimums. In the United Kingdom, city status is awarded by the government and remains permanently, resulting in some small cities, such as Wells and St Davids. According to the "functional definition" a city is not distinguished by size alone, but by the role it plays within a larger political context.
Cities serve as administrative, commercial and cultural hubs for their larger surrounding areas. Examples of settlements called city which may not meet any of the traditional criteria to be named such include Broad Top City and City Dulas, Anglesey, a hamlet; the presence of a literate elite is sometimes included in the definition. A typical city has professional administrators and some form of taxation to support the government workers; the governments may be based on heredity, military power, work projects such as canal building, food distribution, land ownership, commerce, finance, or a combination of these. Societies that live in cities are called civilizations; the word city and the related civilization come, via Old French, from the Latin root civitas meaning citizenship or community member and coming to correspond with urbs, meaning city in a more physical sense. The Roman civitas was linked with the Greek "polis"—another common root appearing in English words such as metropolis. Urban geography deals both with their internal structure.
Town siting has varied through history according to natural, technological and military contexts. Access to water has long been a major factor in city placement and growth, despite exceptions enabled by the advent of rail transport in the nineteenth century, through the present most of the world's urban population lives near the coast or on a river. Urban areas as a rule cannot produce their own food and therefore must develop some relationship with a hinterland which sustains them. Only in special cases such as mining towns which play a vital role in long-distance trade, are cities disconnected from the countryside which feeds them. Thus, centrality within a productive region influences siting, as economic forces would in theory favor the creation of market places in optimal mutually reachable locations; the vast majority of cities have a central area containing buildings with special economic and religious significance. Archaeologists refer to this area by the Greek term temenos; these spaces reflect and amplify the city's centrality and importance to its wider sphere of influence.
Today cities have downtown, sometimes coincident with a central business district. Cities have public spaces where anyone can go; these include owned spaces open to the public as well as forms of public land such as public domain and the commons. Western philosophy since the time of the Greek agora has considered physical public space as the substrate of the symbolic public sphere. Public art adorns public spaces. Parks and other natural sites within cities provide residents with relief from the hardness and regularity of typical built environments. Urban structure follows one or more basic patterns: geomorphic, concentric and curvilinear. Physical environment constrains the form in which a city is built. If located on a mountainside, urban structure may rely on winding roads, it may be adapted to its means of subsistence. And it may be set up for optimal defense given the surrounding landscape. Beyond these "geomorphi
A town is a human settlement. Towns are larger than villages but smaller than cities, though the criteria to distinguish them vary between different parts of the world; the word town shares an origin with the German word Zaun, the Dutch word tuin, the Old Norse tun. The German word Zaun comes closest to the original meaning of the word: a fence of any material. An early borrowing from Celtic *dunom. In English and Dutch, the meaning of the word took on the sense of the space which these fences enclosed. In England, a town was a small community that could not afford or was not allowed to build walls or other larger fortifications, built a palisade or stockade instead. In the Netherlands, this space was a garden, more those of the wealthy, which had a high fence or a wall around them. In Old Norse tun means a place between farmhouses, the word is still used in a similar meaning in modern Norwegian. In Old English and Early and Middle Scots, the words ton, etc. could refer to diverse kinds of settlements from agricultural estates and holdings picking up the Norse sense at one end of the scale, to fortified municipalities.
If there was any distinction between toun and burgh as claimed by some, it did not last in practice as burghs and touns developed. For example, "Edina Burgh" or "Edinburgh" was built around a fort and came to have a defensive wall. In some cases, "town" is an alternative name for "city" or "village". Sometimes, the word "town" is short for "township". In general, today towns can be differentiated from townships, villages, or hamlets on the basis of their economic character, in that most of a town's population will tend to derive their living from manufacturing industry and public services rather than primary industry such as agriculture or related activities. A place's population size is not a reliable determinant of urban character. In many areas of the world, e.g. in India at least until recent times, a large village might contain several times as many people as a small town. In the United Kingdom, there are historical cities; the modern phenomenon of extensive suburban growth, satellite urban development, migration of city dwellers to villages has further complicated the definition of towns, creating communities urban in their economic and cultural characteristics but lacking other characteristics of urban localities.
Some forms of non-rural settlement, such as temporary mining locations, may be non-rural, but have at best a questionable claim to be called a town. Towns exist as distinct governmental units, with defined borders and some or all of the appurtenances of local government. In the United States these are referred to as "incorporated towns". In other cases the town lacks its own governance and is said to be "unincorporated". Note that the existence of an unincorporated town may be set out by other means, e.g. zoning districts. In the case of some planned communities, the town exists in the form of covenants on the properties within the town; the United States Census identifies many census-designated places by the names of unincorporated towns which lie within them. The distinction between a town and a city depends on the approach: a city may be an administrative entity, granted that designation by law, but in informal usage, the term is used to denote an urban locality of a particular size or importance: whereas a medieval city may have possessed as few as 10,000 inhabitants, today some consider an urban place of fewer than 100,000 as a town though there are many designated cities that are much smaller than that.
Australian geographer Thomas Griffith Taylor proposed a classification of towns based on their age and pattern of land use. He identified five types of town: Infantile towns, with no clear zoning Juvenile towns, which have developed an area of shops Adolescent towns, where factories have started to appear Early mature towns, with a separate area of high-class housing Mature towns, with defined industrial and various types of residential area In Afghanistan and cities are known as shār; as the country is an rural society with few larger settlements, with major cities never holding more than a few hundred thousand inhabitants before the 2000s, the lingual tradition of the country does not discriminate between towns and cities. In Albania "qytezë" means town, similar with the word for city. Although there is no official use of the term for any settlement. In Albanian "qytezë" means "small city" or "new city", while in ancient times "small residential center within the walls of a castle"; the center is a population group, larger than a village, smaller than a city.
Though the village is bigger than a hamlet In Australia, towns or "urban centre localities" are understood to be those centers of population not formally declared to be cities and having a population in excess of about 200 people. Centers too small to be called towns are understood to be a township. In addition, some local government entities are styled as towns in Queensland, Western Australia and the Northern Territory, before the statewide amalgamations of th
Orange Beach, Alabama
Orange Beach is a city in Baldwin County, United States. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 5,441. Orange Beach is located along the Gulf of Mexico, is the easternmost community on Alabama's Gulf Coast, with Florida's Perdido Key bordering it to the east; the city of Gulf Shores is to the west. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.9 square miles, of which 14.7 square miles is land and 1.2 square miles, or 7.83%, is water. Orange Beach has a humid subtropical climate, with mild-to-warm wet winters, hot and humid summers; as of the census of 2010, there were 5,441 people, 2,492 households, 1,544 families residing in the city. The population density was 370 per square mile. There were 11,726 housing units at an average density of 737.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 94.3% White, 0.6% Black or African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 1.4% from other races, 2.2% from two or more races. 2.6% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,492 households out of which 21.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.2% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.0% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.70. In the city, the population was 18.7% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 31.7% from 45 to 64, 19.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $66,656, the median income for a family was $69,964. Males had a median income of $54,806 versus $47,019 for females; the per capita income for the city was $40,153. About 1.2% of families and 3.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.0% of those under age 18 and 2.8% of those age 65 or over.
The city of Orange Beach hosts many sporting tournaments at the Orange Beach Sportsplex. The Sportsplex, located north of the Gulf State Park and a short distance from The Wharf, comprises a football/soccer stadium with a seating capacity of 1,500; the facility has several baseball and softball fields. The Backcountry Trail system through the Gulf State Park has a trailhead located at the Sportsplex; the Sportsplex has hosted the SEC Women's Soccer Tournament on numerous occasions, in addition to the NCAA Division II men and women's soccer tournament. The facility once served as home to the Alabama Lightning of the North American Football League. A 112 feet high Ferris wheel is located at The Wharf in Orange Beach. Orange Beach is home to the Orange Beach Running Club, which meets every Monday evening to run a 5K. Orange Beach is part of the Baldwin County Public Schools system. Orange Beach Elementary School is the city's only school and serves students in grades kindergarten through sixth grade.
Students in grades seven and eight attend Gulf Shores Middle School and those in grades ninth through twelfth attend Gulf Shores High School in neighboring Gulf Shores, Alabama. A new middle and high school on Canal Road is scheduled to open in 2019. Columbia Southern University is a private online-only university, located in Orange Beach, with a campus in Orange Beach on Canal Road and a larger campus on the Beach Express road. Orange Beach offers a wide selection of family beach vacation opportunities, from condos directly on the beach to just across the street, dolphin cruises, recreational centers with tennis and basketball courts, golf course condo communities, beach houses and everything in between. For entertainment and visitors head to the Orange Beach Islands known as the Islands of Perdido Pass, consisting of Bird Island, Robinson Island, Gilchrist Island, Walker Island. All 4 islands of the Perdido Pass are located within minutes of each other. There is no safe way of getting to the Orange Beach Islands by foot, the currents make it unsafe to swim.
The best way to get to the Orange Beach Islands is by boat, paddleboard, or jet ski. City of Orange Beach official website
Perdido Bay is a bay at the mouth of and draining the Perdido River, a designated Outstanding Florida Waters river, in Baldwin County and Escambia County, United States. It is a coastal lagoon enclosed by barrier islands, with an inlet, Perdido Pass. Perdido Bay lies east of the Alabama communities of Orange Lillian, it lies west of the Florida communities of Perdido Key. Ono Island and the mouth of the bay are within Alabama territory; the Florida border crosses Florida Point and the barrier islands just east of Alabama Point and Perdido Pass, where the bay empties into the Gulf of Mexico. Perdido Pass provides maritime access from Perdido Bay to the Intracoastal Waterway and the Gulf. Following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, the entrance to Perdido Pass was closed, with a barrier system in June 2010, to control tidal flow of oil entering from the Gulf of Mexico; the daily high tide was causing oil-contaminated water to enter Perdido Bay. The barrier system is designed to allow boats to travel through Perdido Pass, during the outflowing tide, but to close during the incoming tide and collect oil deposits in a retention area on the eastern edge of the pass.
Gulf State Park