Limited series (comics)

In the field of comic books, a limited series is a comics series with a predetermined number of issues. A limited series differs from an ongoing series in that the number of issues is finite and determined before production, it differs from a one shot in that it is composed of multiple issues; the term is used interchangeably with miniseries and maxiseries depending on the length and number of issues. In Dark Horse Comics' definition of a limited series, "This term applies to a connected series of individual comic books. A limited series refers to a comic book series with a clear beginning and end." Dark Horse Comics and DC Comics refer to limited series of two to eleven issues as miniseries and series of twelve issues or more as maxiseries, but other publishers alternate terms. The limited series has a single story to tell, it follows the standard plot set-up of beginning and end. All plot points are covered by the end of the series. There have been limited series done in an anthology format, but only a few of these have been produced.

Limited series are done by a single creative team, but in cases where there are changes, it is the writer who remains constant throughout the run, while the artist may change. The number of issues is determined by some combination of the writer's plotting and editorial mandate. In 1979, in the process of recovering from the DC Implosion, publisher DC Comics experimented with a new format in the World of Krypton "miniseries", as DC termed such short-run works; the new format allowed the company to tell stories that may not have fit into an ongoing series and to showcase characters in a short story without the risk and obligations of an ongoing monthly. With the success of the miniseries format, DC followed by experimenting with longer stories and concepts outside their universe of superheroes. Debuting in 1982, Camelot 3000 was the first limited series to run to 12 issues. DC coined the term "maxiseries" as a promotional description for this, it did not take long for other publishers to begin using the limited series format.

Marvel Comics used it to feature popular characters from team titles and put them in solo adventures. Wolverine's earliest solo adventures were told in limited series. Crossovers were introduced in limited series form before the concept of multi-title crossovers was conceived. Contest of Champions brought forth the idea of a major event affecting the Marvel Universe; this would be taken further with the 12-issue Secret Wars saga in 1984 and by DC's saga Crisis on Infinite Earths in 1985-1986. Graphic novel List of limited series Miniseries, a similar concept in television Sequential Tart interview with Jenette Kahn

Crocanthemum greenei

Crocanthemum greenei is a rare species of flowering plant in the rock-rose family known by the common name island rush-rose. It is endemic to the Channel Islands of California, where it grows in the chaparral of the rocky seaside slopes, it is present on three of the eight islands, where it has been threatened by feral herbivores such as the Santa Cruz sheep and is making a gradual recovery. It is a federally listed threatened species; this wildflower is an erect perennial herb reaching a maximum height near 30 centimeters. Its leafy stem is green, with new growth and inflorescences at the top appearing purple in color; the leaves are narrow and pointed, up to three centimeters long. The inflorescence is a panicle, producing many buds which open into golden yellow flowers one to two centimeters wide; each rock-rose flower has five rounded petals over five smaller, fuzzy-haired sepals. The fruit is an oval-shaped capsule half a centimeter wide. Today this plant is found on Santa Cruz, Santa Catalina, Santa Rosa Islands.

Jepson Manual Treatment Center for Plant Conservation The Nature Conservancy Photo gallery

Annual Bibliography of English Language and Literature

Annual Bibliography of English Language and Literature is an English language bibliography pertaining to the English lexicon and its literature. It contains articles dating to 1920 and is published by Chadwick-Healy, now part of ProQuest on behalf of the Modern Humanities Research Association, its focus is English studies. The first volume was published in 1921, in print, covering relevant literature beginning in 1920, it stays current with regular updates. Temporal coverage is from 1892 to the present, encompassing over 960,000 records; this indexing service is akin to the British form of the MLA Bibliography, yet distinctions between the two databases don't allow much overlap. Publishing formats included are monographs, periodical articles, critical editions, book reviews, collections of essays and dissertations, prose, films, travel writing, literary theory. Subject area coverage encompasses English language syntax, lexicology, stylistics, vocabulary, orthography and grammars. Traditional cultures of the English-speaking world: including custom, narrative, song and material culture.

Indexing includes manuscript studies, textual studies, the history of publishing. It is global in scope and articles in other languages are part of its coverage. Modern Humanities Research Association World Englishes: Critical Concepts in Linguistics, Volume 3. Edited by Kingsley Bolton, Braj Behari Kachru. Taylor & Francis. 2006