Maxime Grésèque is a French professional rugby league footballer who plays for AS Carcassonne in the Elite One Championship He is a France international representative goal-kicking stand-off or scrum-half. He has played for SM Pia XIII and the Wakefield Trinity Wildcats in the Super League. Grésèque is coach, Ivan Grésèque. Greseque played from the bench for France against the touring Australian Kangaroos at the end of the 2005 season, scoring a try, he was named in the France squad for the 2008 Rugby League World Cup. He was named in the French national squad for the 2009 Four Nations, involving the French, New Zealand and Australian sides. Grésèque played for France again in the 2010 European Cup. Wakefield clinch Greseque signing
Aude is a department in Southern France, located in the Occitanie region and named after the Aude River. The departmental council calls it "Cathar Country" after a group of religious dissidents active in the 12th century, its prefecture is Carcassonne and its subprefectures are Limoux and Narbonne. As of 2016, it had a population of 368,025. Aude is a frequent feminine French given name in Francophone countries, deriving from Aude or Oda, a wife of Bertrand, Duke of Aquitaine, mother of Eudo, brother of Saint Hubertus. Aude was the name of Roland's fiancée in the chansons de geste. Aude is located between the Pyrenees Mountains, it is part of the current region of Occitanie. It is surrounded by the departments of Pyrénées-Orientales, Ariège, Haute-Garonne, Hérault, with the Golfe du Lion on the east; the countryside in this department falls into several natural regions: 1 – Lauragais 2 – Montagne Noire 3 – Cabardès 4 – Carcassonais 5 – Razès 6 – Quercorb 7 – Pays de Sault 8 – Minervois 9 – Corbières 10 – Narbonnais Each natural region of the Aude has its own particular landscape.
In the east, lagoons or coastal lakes form a barrier between sea. These were formed by accumulated sediments brought down by the rivers Orb and Hérault. There are many such lakes of brackish water; this environment is demanding for flora and fauna, as it suffers from the rigours of sea, sun and floods. Halophile plants grow there; the area is noted for the pink flamingo and white stilt. Inland to the east and scrub dominate the landscape of the drylands of the Aude and Corbières; this landscape was maintained by the raising of livestock. The flora is typical with many species of orchids; the Sault countryside is dominated by beech groves and fir plantations up to the mountains. These forests are known for their mushrooms and have a rich flora and fauna, including the Pyrenean lily, the euproctis moth and horsetail of the woods. To the north and west, the Black Mountain country is made up of forests of beech; the Lauragais is a wooded landscape. There are bodies of water like the Lac de la Ganguise.
The high valley of the Aude, otherwise called the Razès, consists of a riparian forest made of beech, poplar or ash. It includes some peatlands that are rare in southern France; the landscapes of Aude can be explained by geology. In the south, there are sedimentary rocks folded during the formation of the Pyrenees. To the north and centre, the sedimentary rocks are less folded. At the extreme east, near the Mediterranean, the rocks are carved by normal collapse faults which are due to the opening of the Golfe du Lion; the Black Mountain and Minervois to the north consist of schist and marble forming the southern boundary of the Massif Central. These ancient rocks were formed over 300 million years ago and deformed by the formation of the Hercynian chain; the Montagne d'Alaric is an antiform made of limestone. Aude is under the influence of a Mediterranean climate; the autumn is characterized by short storms. The summer is hot and dry, favorable to the culture of the vine and the olive-trees. Yet, the department has several contrasts in climate: In the north, the Montagne Noire and, in the south, the Pays de Sault, have a mountainous climate with temperatures sometimes low in winter.
In the west, the climate is under Aquitaine influence with heavier precipitation, while in the east the climate is purely Mediterranean. In the centre, in the Limouxin and Razès areas, the climate is known as intermediary with significant exposure to winds; the winds are present in Aude. It is one of the windiest French departments, with 300 to 350 days of wind per year; this phenomenon is due to the variations in relief north and south which create a kind of corridor. In the north-west blows the Cers, called Tramontane in Provence, a ground wind, it is cold in winter. In the south-east blows the Autan, locally called the Marin, hot and wet and comes from the sea; these regular winds made it possible to install an industrial park of wind turbines, as in the area of Avignonet-Lauragais. The drainage system of Aude is dominated by its river of the same name; the river rises at the Roc d'Aude and passes through the Matemale and Puyvalador dams on the Capcir plateau at 1500m crosses the department from south to north across Axat and Quillan following the upper valley of the Aude.
At Carcassonne, the river changes direction toward the Mediterranean Sea to the east, where it empties near Fleury. Human traces have been found dating from 1,500,000 BC in the form of hammers and worked tools on the hill of Grazailles at Carcassonne; the most interesting discovery, however, is that of the skull of Tautavel Man, made by Henry de Lumley in 1971 in the commune of Tautavel in the Pyrénées-Orientales department. It is the oldest skull known in Europe, it dates from about 450,000 years BC. It is that Tautavel Man lived in all of this region; the Romans, led by the consul-general Domitius Ahenobarbus, first occupied Narbonne in 118 BC on the oppidum of Montlaurès. This became the provincial capital and a active mercantile port; the position was strategically important since it stood at the crossroads of two Roman roads, the Via Aquitania and the Via Domitia, as well as by the sea near the mouth of the River Aude. Carcassonne became Latin in 30 BC with the creation of numerous grain farms.
For two centuries, Aude enjoyed peace and strong economic growth. The Visigoths invaded the are
Five-eighth or Stand-off is one of the positions in a rugby league football team. Wearing jersey number 6, this player is one of the two half backs in a team, partnering the scrum-half. Sometimes known as the pivot or second receiver, in a traditional attacking'back-line'. Play the five-eighth would receive the ball from the scrum half, the first receiver of the ball from the dummy-half or hooker following a tackle; the role of the five-eighth is to pass the ball away from the congested area around the tackle, further out along the'back-line' to the outside backs, the centres and wingers, who have more space to run with it. Furthermore, players in this position assume responsibility for kicking the ball for field position in general play; the five-eighth is therefore considered one of the most important positions referred to as a'play maker', assuming a decision-making role on the field. Over time, however, as the game has evolved, the roles of the two halves have grown more aligned and difficult to distinguish.
Along with other key positions - fullback and scrum half - the five-eighth makes up what is known as a team's spine. One book published in 1996 stated that in senior rugby league, the five-eighth and hooker handled the ball more than any other position; the Rugby League International Federation's Laws of the Game state that the "Stand-off half or Five-eighth" is to be numbered 6. However, traditionally players' jersey numbers have varied, in the modern Super League, each squad's players are assigned individual numbers regardless of position. Traditionally in rugby football, there have always been two half-backs as well as scrums involving the forwards. Of the two half backs, the name "scrum half" was given to the one, involved in the scrum by feeding the ball into it and the name "stand-off half" was given to the one which stood off to the side of the scrum. In Britain, where rugby league originated, this terminology has been retained. In Australian English, however, "five-eighth" is the term used for the number 6, to differentiate from the "half back", the name given to the number 7.
In New Zealand, both terms appear to be used interchangeably. Five-eighths that feature in their respective nations' rugby league halls of fame are England's Roger Millward, Australia's Wally Lewis, Bob Fulton, Brett Kenny, Albert Rosenfeld and Vic Hey, New Zealand's George Menzies. Rugby league's first known black player, Lucius Banks, played in the position for Hunslet R. L. F. C. in 1912-13. Rugby league positions Rugby league gameplay
David Ferriol is a French former professional rugby league footballer. He played for the Catalans Dragons club in the Super League. Ferriol was born in France. A powerful, ball-carrying prop forward, Ferriol made his Catalans debut in the 2007 season and became a crowd favourite amongst the Dragons faithful, he had played for the Limoux Grizzlies in the French Elite Championship. Super League profile
Rugby league football is a full-contact sport played by two teams of thirteen players on a rectangular field. One of the two codes of rugby, it originated in Northern England in 1895 as a split from the Rugby Football Union over the issue of payments to players, its rules progressively changed with the aim of producing a faster, more entertaining game for spectators. In rugby league, points are scored by carrying the ball and touching it to the ground beyond the opposing team's goal line; the opposing team attempts to stop the attacking side scoring points by tackling the player carrying the ball. In addition to tries, points can be scored by kicking goals. After each try, the scoring team gains a free kick to try at goal with a conversion for further points. Kicks at goal may be awarded for penalties, field goals can be attempted at any time. Rugby league is the national sport of Papua New Guinea, is a popular sport in Northern England, the states of Queensland and New South Wales in Australia, South Auckland in New Zealand, southwest France and Lebanon.
The Super League and the National Rugby League are the premier club competitions. Rugby league is played internationally, predominantly by European and Pacific Island countries, is governed by the Rugby League International Federation; the first Rugby League World Cup was held in France in 1954. Rugby league football takes its name from the bodies that split to create a new form of rugby, distinct from that run by the Rugby Football Unions, in Britain and New Zealand between 1895 and 1908; the first of these, the Northern Rugby Football Union, was established in 1895 as a breakaway faction of England's Rugby Football Union. Both organisations played the game under the same rules at first, although the Northern Union began to modify rules immediately, thus creating a new faster, stronger paced form of rugby football. Similar breakaway factions split from RFU-affiliated unions in Australia and New Zealand in 1907 and 1908, renaming themselves "rugby football leagues" and introducing Northern Union rules.
In 1922, the Northern Union changed its name to the Rugby Football League and thus over time the sport itself became known as "rugby league" football. In 1895, a schism in Rugby football resulted in the formation of the Northern Rugby Football Union. Although many factors played a part in the split, including the success of working class northern teams, the main division was caused by the RFU decision to enforce the amateur principle of the sport, preventing "broken time payments" to players who had taken time off work to play rugby. Northern teams had more working class players who could not afford to play without this compensation, in contrast to affluent southern teams who had other sources of income to sustain the amateur principle. In 1895, a decree by the RFU banning the playing of rugby at grounds where entrance fees were charged led to twenty-two clubs meeting at the George Hotel, Huddersfield on 29 August 1895 and forming the "Northern Rugby Football Union". Within fifteen years of that first meeting in Huddersfield, more than 200 RFU clubs had left to join the rugby revolution.
In 1897, the line-out was in 1898 professionalism introduced. In 1906, the Northern Union changed its rules, reducing teams from 15 to 13 a side and replacing the ruck formed after every tackle with the play the ball. A similar schism to that which occurred in England took place in Australia. There, on 8 August 1907 the New South Wales Rugby Football League was founded at Bateman's Hotel in George Street. Rugby league went on to displace rugby union as the primary football code in New South Wales and Queensland. On 5 May 1954 over 100,000 spectators watched the 1953–54 Challenge Cup Final at Odsal Stadium, England, setting a new record for attendance at a rugby football match of either code. In 1954 the Rugby League World Cup, the first for either code of rugby, was formed at the instigation of the French. In 1966, the International Board introduced a rule that a team in possession was allowed three play-the-balls and on the fourth tackle a scrum was to be formed; this was increased to six tackles in 1972 and in 1983 the scrum was replaced by a handover.
1967 saw. The first sponsors, Joshua Tetley and John Player, entered the game for the 1971–72 Northern Rugby Football League season. Television would have an enormous impact on the sport of rugby league in the 1990s when Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation sought worldwide broadcasting rights and refused to take no for an answer; the media giant's "Super League" movement saw big changes for the traditional administrators of the game. In Europe, it resulted in a move from a winter sport to a summer one as the new Super League competition tried to expand its market. In Australasia, the Super League war resulted in long and costly legal battles and changing loyalties, causing significant damage to the code in an competitive sporting market. In 1997 two competitions were run alongside each other in Australia, after which a peace deal in the form of the National Rugby League was formed; the NRL has since become recognised as the sport's flagship competition and since that time has set record TV ratings and crowd figures.
The objective in rugby league is to score more points through tries and field goals than the opposition within the 80 minutes of play. If after two halves of play, each consisting of forty minutes, the two teams are drawing, a draw may be declar
John Palavi is a New Zealand professional rugby league footballer who plays for the Tweed Heads Seagulls in the Queensland Cup. He played for the New Zealand Warriors in the NRL and the Limoux Grizzlies in the Elite One Championship. Palavi is of Tongan descent, attended St Paul's College and played for the Richmond Rovers and Point Chevalier Pirates, he was signed by the New Zealand Warriors and played in the National Youth Competition between 2010 and 2012. In 2011 he was part of the Junior Warriors side; that year he was named the club's NYC Player of the Year and was named in the Junior Kiwis side. In 2013 he played for the Auckland Vulcans in the New South Wales Cup and was named the Vulcan's Rookie of the Year, he made the Warriors first grade squad in 2014 and was named to make his National Rugby League debut in round one. In 2015 he became captain for the New Zealand Warriors New South Wales Cup side. On 27 September, he was named on the interchange bench in the 2015 New South Wales Cup Team of the Year.
He was released by the Warriors at the end of the 2016 season and joined the Limoux Grizzlies in the Elite One Championship. Palavi signed with the Tweed Heads Seagulls for the 2019 season, is on a train and trial contract with the Gold Coast Titans. Zero Tackle profile