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Limuru is located in Kenya
Location in Kenya
Coordinates: 01°06′28″S 36°38′34″E / 1.10778°S 36.64278°E / -1.10778; 36.64278
Country Kenya
CountyKiambu County
 (2004 Estimate)
 • Total4,800
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)

Limuru is a town in central Kenya. It is also the name of a parliamentary constituency and an administrative division; the population of the town, as of 2004, was about 4,800.


Limuru is a town located on the eastern edge of the Great Rift Valley about 30 kilometres (19 mi), by road, northwest of Nairobi, the capital and largest city in Kenya;[1] the geographical coordinates of Limuru town are:1°06'28.0"S, 36°38'34.0"E (Latitude:-1.107778; Longitude:36.642778).[2]


The Limuru Girls High School Badge.

The town has the advantage of having some of the best high schools in Kenya. Key among them include; Loreto Girls High School, Limuru and Limuru Girls High School; the notable Alliance high School is located 15 KM outside the town.

St Paul's University Limuru is the main institution of high learning located in the outskirts of the town. Several smaller training institutions can also be found within the town precincts


The native language of most people in Limuru is Kikuyu, with Swahili and English being widely spoken.

Limuru served as the capital of Kiambu West District which was formerly part of Kiambu District, it is now a sub county in the main Kiambu County. In addition, it is also the name of a parliament constituency.

Most of the area of Limuru is now what was previously known as the "white highlands", a rich agricultural land south of the equator; the term "white highlands" derived from the British and other Europeans who realised the productive potential of this area and settled in large numbers with the support of the colonial government, establishing coffee and tea plantations, cereal farms and ranches. The altitude of the town is about 2,500 meters. Limuru has a temperature of 10–28 °C (75 °F) year round.

There is a railway station at Limuru town.


Limuru is widely known in Kenya as a tea-producing and -processing zone; the main factories are Karirana Tea Estates and Mabroukie Teas Estates in the outskirts of the town.

The tea plantations established around Limuru from 1903 onwards were the foundation of Kenya's largest export industry, which produces some of the world's highest quality tea. Limuru is home to BATA shoe company, the largest shoe factory in East and Central Africa. In recent years, more companies have set foot in the town, including Procter and Allan, polypipes and Fruit 'n' Juice.

Limuru has a railway station on the Uganda Railway.

Also in Limuru is the Nest Children's Home, which specializes in the care of children of imprisoned mothers.

The town of Limuru grew with the railway, the tea industry (especially with major expansion from the 1920s), and the Bata shoe factory and head office.

The town also serves as a milk assembly and processing zone obtained from the small-scale dairy farming in various outposts surrounding area.


Limuru residents rely mostly on farming and a shoe factory for employment. Early in the British colonial period (from the 1890s) Europeans settled in the area due to its proximity to Nairobi, the railway, its fertile land and pleasant weather, it is the birthplace of the African writer, Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o, as well as that of Bishop Caesar Gatimu and human rights and political activist Percy Faith Fawaki (Zartaj).

Health care[edit]

Limuru town is served by one government run health facility, Limuru Health Center which is located within the town limits. Other health facilities in Limuru include Rwamburi Dispensary, Rironi Dispensary, Thigio Dispensary, Ndeiya Health Center and Ngecha Health Center. Tigoni District Hospital is the main government hospital and serves as the link facility between the rural health facilities and the main National referral hospital. Health care has seen an improvement in quality of services with the collaboration of other stakeholders. Services such as cervical cancer screening by VIA/VILLI is available at all government run facilities in Limuru; the nurses working in these clinics also conduct outreach programs to ensure more women are screened. Uptake of long-term contraceptive methods such as implants and IUCDs has also improved due to intensive community education and outreach programs undertaken by the staff working in the various government health facilities, it is for this reason that Ndeiya Health Center was confirmed the center of excellence in addressing family planning and cervical cancer screening in East and Central Africa. Ndeiya Health Center has mentored other health facilities in the area including Rwamburi Dispensary with an aim of replicating the success in the same. Constituency development fund has funded the construction of three rural facilities in the area; these are: Rwamburi Dispensary, Rironi Dispensary and Ngecha Health Center. Also, there are several private hospitals in Limuru.

Community strategy has been implemented in the area and community units such as Ndiuni community unit has been conducting various community health activities; these community units are linked to their respective health facilities where they refer patients.

Recent developments[edit]

Due to its proximity to Nairobi and its location on the main highway linking Nairobi to other towns like Naivasha, Eldoret and Kisumu, Limuru is beginning to attract investors and businesses. In July 2014, developers of a new 120,000 square feet (11,000 m2) shopping mall broke ground; this will be the first mall in the town. Tuskys, the number two supermarket chain in Kenya, by sales, will be the anchor tenant, taking up about 50% of the lettable space; the development is expected to cost KSh650 million (approx. US$7.5 million) to construct, and is expected to be ready during the second half of 2018.[3] The number three supermarket chain in the country,naivas [4] together with Society Stores have opened new stores in Limuru during the year 2016 & 2017 respectively; the new supermarkets will join others such as Cleanshelf, the then major supermarket in the town, as at January 2015.[3]


  1. ^ "Road Distance Between Nairobi And Limuru With Interactive Map". Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  2. ^ Google, . "Location of Limuru At Google Maps". Google Maps. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  3. ^ a b Wainaina, Eric (3 July 2014). "KSh650 Million Mall To Give Limuru Town A Facelift". Standard Digital Media (Nairobi). Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  4. ^ Ciuri, Simon (27 January 2015). "Uchumi Set To Open Limuru, Naivasha Outlets". Business Daily Africa (Nairobi). Retrieved 27 January 2015.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 1°06′28″S 36°38′34″E / 1.10778°S 36.64278°E / -1.10778; 36.64278