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Lincoln–Kennedy coincidences urban legend

Claimed coincidences connecting U. S. Presidents Abraham Lincoln and John F. Kennedy are a piece of American folklore of unknown origin; the list of coincidences appeared in the mainstream American press in 1964, a year after the assassination of John F. Kennedy, having appeared prior to that in the GOP Congressional Committee Newsletter. Martin Gardner examined the list in an article in Scientific American reprinted in his book, The Magic Numbers of Dr. Matrix. Gardner's version of the list contained 16 items; the list is still in circulation today. In 1992, the Skeptical Inquirer ran a "Spooky Presidential Coincidences Contest." One winner found a series of sixteen similar coincidences between Kennedy and former Mexican President Álvaro Obregón, while the other came up with similar lists for twenty-one pairs of U. S. presidents. Snopes gives the "widely and continuously reprinted and circulated list" as having the following items: Both presidents were elected to Congress in'46. Both presidents were elected to the presidency in'60.

"Lincoln" and "Kennedy" each have 7 letters. Both were concerned with civil rights. Both wives lost a child while living in the White House. Both Presidents were shot on a Friday. Both were shot in the head. Both were shot in the presence of their wives. Lincoln's secretary, warned him not to go to the theatre. Kennedy's secretary, warned him not to go to Dallas. Both were assassinated by Southerners. Both were succeeded by Southerners. Both successors were named Johnson. Both successors were born in'08. Both assassins, John Wilkes Booth and Lee Harvey Oswald, were born in'39. Both assassins were known by their three names; each assassin's name is composed of fifteen letters. Booth was caught in a warehouse. Booth and Oswald were assassinated before their trials; some urban folklorists have postulated that the list provided a way for people to make sense of two tragic events in American history by seeking out patterns. Gardner and others have said that it is easy to find meaningful patterns relating any two people or events.

Most of the items above are true, such as the year in which Lincoln and Kennedy were each elected President, but this is not so unusual given that Presidential elections are held only every four years. A few of the items are untrue: for example, there is no record to show that Lincoln had a secretary named Kennedy. John Wilkes Booth was born in 1838, not 1839, Lee Harvey Oswald was just "Lee Oswald" before the assassination. However, Lincoln's footman, William H. Crook did advise Lincoln not to go that night to Ford's Theatre. David Mikklenson, on Snopes points out numerous ways in which Lincoln and Kennedy don't match, to show the superficial nature of the alleged coincidences: For example, Lincoln was born in 1809 but Kennedy in 1917. Buddy Starcher wrote a song recounting many of these coincidences and parallels between the two presidents' careers and deaths entitled "History Repeats Itself." It became a U. S. Top 40 hit for him during the spring of 1966, reached number two on the Country chart.

Cab Calloway scored a minor chart hit with the song that same year. Birthday problem Data dredging Kennedy curse "Linkin' Kennedy" article at

Dōjima Rice Exchange

The Dōjima Rice Exchange, located in Osaka, was the center of Japan's system of rice brokers, which developed independently and in the Edo period and would be seen as the forerunners to a modern banking system. It was first established in 1697 sanctioned and organized by the shogunate in 1773, reorganized in 1868, dissolved in 1939, being absorbed into the Government Rice Agency; the Japanese economy grew throughout the 17th century, culminating in the period known as Genroku during which merchants prospered like never before. It was at this time that rice brokers and moneychangers gathered their shops and warehouses in the Dōjima area. Since members of the samurai class, including daimyō were paid in rice, not cash, the rice brokers and moneychangers played a crucial, profitable, role in the emerging early modern economy of Japan. Over the course of the Edo period, the entire economy would not only shift from rice to coin, but would see the introduction and spread of paper money initiated and facilitated by the men of Dōjima.

The year 1710 marks the beginning of this development, which brought with it the emergence of the concept of trading in futures. The Osaka merchants, like the Kyoto rice brokers three hundred years before, developed an monopolistic grasp on the rice trade, determining prices not only within Osaka, but in the entire Kinai area, indirectly having a great effect on prices in Edo; these economic developments among the rice merchants were intricately connected to parallel developments in other trades, the formation of a number of networks of different types of guilds including kabunakama and rakuza, which developed out of the older guild types known as tonya and za. In the first years of the 1730s, as the result of poor harvests and trade issues, the price of rice plummeted. Though this looked good for buyers on the face of it, this wreaked havoc with an economy, still based on rice as a medium of exchange. Samurai, whose income was in rice, panicked over the exchange rate into coin, meanwhile speculators and various conspiracies within the brokers' community played games with the system, keeping vast stores of rice in the warehouses, which ensured low prices.

A series of riots against the speculators, against the conspiratorial, manipulative system as whole, erupted in 1733. This was the first of a number of riots, called uchikowashi, which would grow in frequency and size over the next century or so; the shogunate set a price floor in 1735, forcing merchants in Edo to sell for no less than one ryō per 1.4 koku, in Osaka no less than 42 momme per koku. A 10 momme fine was charged of anyone found to have paid less. Over the fifteen years or so, until 1750, the shogunate stepped in on a number of occasions to attempt to stabilize or control the economy. Though in 1730 the government budget as a whole was in balance, interventions by the shogun over the ensuing years inadvertently led to economic collapse. Tokugawa Yoshimune made so many attempts at reforms and controls that he came to be known as Kome Kubō or Kome Shōgun. At the same time, attempts were made at monetary policy, which resulted in solving the problems of the rice economy, while bringing debasement of the currency.

The shogunate re-established the Rice Exchange in 1773, under governmental sponsorship and organization. The direct impetus for this was earlier that year. In general, however, by this point, the government realized the extreme economic power of the Rice Exchange in supporting the entire national economy, determining exchange rates, creating paper money. An incredible proportion of the nation's monetary transactions were handled through the private, merchants of Dōjima, who stored rice for most of the daimyō, exchanging it for paper money. Dōjima held what were in essence "bank accounts" for a great number of samurai and daimyō, managing deposits, withdrawals and tax payments. Though the shogunate had little sense of modern economic theory, thus would make some serious errors in their monetary and financial policy over the course of the following century or so, they recognized the need for governmental control of such policies. Reorganized in the Meiji period along with nearly every other element of the economy and polity, the Dōjima Rice Exchange was formally dissolved in 1939, when its function was overtaken and replaced by the Government Rice Agency.

Frederic, Louis. "Japan Encyclopedia." Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. Kaplan, Edward; the Cultures of East Asia: Political-Material Aspects. Chap. 16. 09 Nov 2006. <>. Poitras, Geoffrey. "The Early History of Financial Economics, 1478-1776 - From Commercial Arithmetic to Life Annuities and Joint Stocks". Aldershot, UK: Edward Elgar Sansom, George Bailey. A History of Japan: 1615-1867. 1963: Stanford University Press. Schaede, Ulrike. "Forwards and Futures i

Prince Nana

Prince Nana Osei Bandoh is an American professional wrestler and manager of Ghanaian extraction, better known by his ring name, Prince Nana. He has stated. Although Nana was born in the United States and is signed to Ring Of Honor and is the Director of National Sales at www., he states that he is the son of an Ashanti tribe member with royal heritage and the heir to the throne of Ashanti in Ghana. When Nana was three, his family relocated to Ghana for five years, returning so that Nana could be educated in America; as a teenager, he relocated to New York City in America as an exchange student. In 1992, at the age of fifteen, Nana watched WrestleMania VIII, was inspired by the WWF Championship match between "Macho Man" Randy Savage and Ric Flair to become a wrestler. A year he wrote to the World Wrestling Federation and asked their advice as to which professional wrestling school he should attend; the WWF recommended that he train under Larry Sharpe, but Nana felt that Sharpe's school was too far away.

Instead, Nana became a photographer for Johnny Rodz. Nana worked for Rodz, he debuted in 1996. Nana worked for the East Coast Wrestling Association in Delaware and USA Pro Wrestling in New York, as well as making appearances with the WWF and with Pro Wrestling ZERO1-MAX in Japan. In 2002, he joined the upstart Ring of Honor promotion, where in 2004 he formed a heel stable known as The Embassy. In storylines, Nana used his wealth gained from the taxes of people of Ghana to hire wrestlers to wrestle his opponents and rivals. Under his management John Walters defended his ROH Pure Championship and Jimmy Rave, Alex Shelley and Abyss won the Trios Tournament in 2006, he remained with Ring of Honor until September 2006. On October 24, 2008, in Danbury, Nana made a surprise return to Ring of Honor, saying he has no more riches, no more crown, just wants a job before he was dragged away by security; the next night, Nana made an appearance at Ring of Honor's Edison, New Jersey show and did the same thing.

Again, he was dragged away by security. The next time ROH was in Edison on January 17, 2009, Nana again appeared, only to be dragged away by security, he has since been featured in segments on the ROH Video Wire. In a March edition of the ROH Video Wire, Nana revealed that he had regained his riches due to President Obama's stimulus package, has been directing Bison Smith's attacks on ROH wrestlers. On March 20, at the ROH show in Elizabeth, PA, Nana declared that he had reformed the Embassy, with himself, Bison Smith and Ernie Osiris; the next day in New York City they were joined by the returning Jimmy Rave. Other members of the stable came to include Claudio Castagnoli, Joey Ryan, Erick Stevens, Shawn Daivari and Necro Butcher, but by October 2010 all of them, except Osiris, had left the group. On January 22, 2011, Nana debuted the latest version of the Embassy, consisting of Ernesto Osiris, Mia Yim, R. D. Evans, Tommaso Ciampa, who would take over Jimmy Rave's former role as Nana's number one wrestler.

The following April and June, both Dave Taylor and Rhino made appearances representing the Embassy. On the July 28 episode of Ring of Honor Wrestling, The Embassy disbanded, when Ciampa turned on Nana, after R. D. Evans had revealed his deal with Truth Martini, which had cost Ciampa the ROH World Television Championship. On Monday June 3, 2013, Nana received a tryout with WWE, Nana commented on the tryout on Facebook, writing, "Great day with the WWE... The future may be bright.... Fools." In mid-2013, Nana was given the new on-screen role of ROH Talent Scout. In late 2014, Nana formed yet another version of the Embassy with Moose, Stokely Hathaway and Veda Scott, disbanded. Nana was the manager of Donovan Dijak, after he sent him some envelopes every time he wrestled, until he departed from The House of Truth that took place on February 25, 2016 episode of ROH tapings. CyberSpace Wrestling Federation CSWF Tag Team Championship – with Sonjay Dutt East Coast Wrestling Association ECWA Heavyweight Championship ECWA Mid Atlantic Championship New York Wrestling Connection NYWC Tag Team Championship – with MEGA Pro Wrestling Illustrated PWI ranked him #311 of the top 500 singles wrestlers in the PWI 500 in 2010 USA Pro Wrestling USA Pro New York State Championship Ring of Honor profile Prince Nana on IMDb Interview

Maro Itoje

Oghenemaro Miles Itoje, known professionally as Maro Itoje, is an English rugby union player, who plays as a lock or as a blindside flanker for English Premiership club Saracens and the England national team. He signed his first professional contract with Saracens in 2012, made his first appearance the following year, he received his first-call up to the England team in 2016 ahead of the annual Six Nations Championship, became a firm favourite to both Saracens and England fans. So far in his rugby career, he has won four English Premiership titles with Saracens, three European Rugby Champions Cup titles, two Six Nations Championship titles. Maro Itoje was born in London on 28 October 1994 to Nigerian parents, he attended Salcombe Preparatory School in Southgate, North London at a primary level, before moving to St George's School, Harpenden, a state boarding school in Harpenden and Harrow School, a public school in the outer reaches of Greater London. He studied for a Politics degree at the School of Oriental and African Studies in Bloomsbury, London at the same time as starting his rugby career.

As a schoolboy, Itoje played several sports including basketball, football and athletics, representing England at U17 level in shot put. His senior debut for Saracens came in the 2013–14 season, aged 19, when he played against Cardiff Blues in the Anglo-Welsh Cup, he made his Aviva Premiership debut against Leicester Tigers in the same season. Prior to this he had played for Harpenden RFC at junior level in the first team at Old Albanian RFC as a lock. In 2016 he led Saracens to victory in the European Champions' Cup final against Racing Metro'92 with a final score of 21–9, picking up the Man of the Match award. In the same season Itoje was named European player of the Year. Itoje captained the England U20 team in the 2013 -- 14 season, he scored a try in every 2014 Six Nations Under 20s Championship game and was England's Man of the Tournament. In 2014 Itoje with England won the 2014 IRB Junior World Championship co-captaining the side throughout the tournament. Itoje was called up to the England Saxons squad on 21 January 2015 and made his debut against Ireland Wolfhounds on 30 January 2015.

Itoje was selected for the England 2015 Rugby World Cup training squad and received his first call-up to the senior England squad from new coach Eddie Jones on 13 January 2016 for the 2016 Six Nations Championship. He went on to make his first-team debut against Italy and was named Man of the Match for his performance in the win against Wales on 12 March 2016. England went on to win the Grand Slam. Itoje played a starring role in the summer series win against Australia, starting all three Tests. Itoje was again instrumental in England's defence of the Six Nations title in 2017, this time starting all five games at blindside flanker rather than his more usual second row. Itoje was selected for the British and Irish Lions for their tour of New Zealand, being the youngest player named in the 41-man squad, aged 22, he was one of the standout players on the tour, scoring one try against the Maori All Blacks and appearing in all three tests against the All Blacks. The Lions went on to draw the three game series in the final test.

As of 28 October 2019 Itoje has been described by many as a hard-working player and as a team leader, with many writers claiming him to be a "star player". He is mobile and agile for a lock forward, with the capacity to get into wide channels, make breaks through his speed, claim turnovers in the ruck, he is outstanding in the air, whether in the lineout or open play. Many believe he has no real weaknesses as a rugby player although arguably he does give away too many penalties in breakdowns. Saracens 2014-15 LV Cup champions 2014–15 English Premiership champions 2015–16 English Premiership champions 2017–18 English Premiership champions 2018-19 English Premiership champions 2015–16 European Rugby Champions Cup champions 2016–17 European Rugby Champions Cup champions 2018-19 European Rugby Champions Cup championsEngland U20s 2014 IRB Junior World Championship championsEngland 2016 Six Nations Championship champions 2017 Six Nations Championship champions Maro Itoje at the Saracens website

Lo-Fi (band)

Lo-Fi is an American country band formed in Nashville, TN in 2013. Led by singer/songwriter, Jamie Teachenor and songwriter & producer, Joe West. Teachenor and West have both been independently successful in the music business, working with artists such as Justin Timberlake, Keith Urban, Luke Bryan, P. Diddy, Steve Earle, Trisha Yearwood, Tim McGraw, Emmylou Harris, Blake Shelton and many more, with combined sales of over 20 million albums, their first public performance as Lo-Fi was on May 7, 2013, at the Historic Ryman Auditorium, as part of the sold out show, "Honor Thy Song", honoring late Nashville singer-songwriter and producer, Tim Johnson. Lo-Fi, released their debut single, "Vintage Heart" on July 14, 2014, receiving heavy radio airplay in the UK, Australia, New Zealand, Sweden, South Africa, France, Austria and Japan, as well as many stations in the US debuting at number 39 as the Hi-Debut on the Indie World Country Chart the week of August 22, 2014, climbing to number 10, debuting at number 7 on CDBaby's Top Indie Songs Chart, the first week of September.

Lo-Fi's debut album, "Lo-Fidelity", was released September 2, 2014, debuted at number 67 on iTunes New Releases Chart becoming an Amazon Best Seller. "Vintage Heart" reached number 23 on Japan's Top 40 Chart. On September 19, 2014, Lo-Fi's second single, "When You're Over Me", reached number 18 on Play MPE's Top 20 Download Chart, climbed to number 8 on Play MPE's Top 20 Stream Chart on September 26, 2014

Homer Wilson Ranch

The Homer Wilson Ranch known as the Blue Creek Ranch, was one of the largest ranches in the early twentieth century in what would become Big Bend National Park in the U. S. state of Texas. The ranch was established by Homer Wilson in 1929 at Oak Springs to the west of the Chisos Mountains. Comprising 44 sections of land, amounting to more than 28,000 acres, the Oak Canyon-Blue Creek Ranch was acquired by the State of Texas in 1942 for incorporation into the new park. A large portion of the ranch comprised portions of the old G4 Ranch, established by John and Clarence Gano in the 1880s. Wilson's ranch focused on the first such large operation in the Big Bend area. Wilson continued to live at the ranch until his death in 1943. Wilson, born in Del Rio, Texas in 1892, had studied petroleum engineering at the Missouri School of Mines and was a World War I veteran; the ranch, with the headquarters at Oak Springs and its operational center at Blue Creek, was one of the largest in Texas, the most significant ranch in Big Bend.

The Blue Creek residence measures about 24 feet by 60 feet with a 16-foot by 60-foot screened porch on the south side of the house. The single-story residence comprised two bedrooms, a living room and a kitchen, with a large central fireplace; the house features a double roof, the inner layer a traditional reed roof of the type locally used, with a sheet metal roof above. Another building housed ranch help; the structures were abandoned. The Blue Creek area of the Wilson ranch was placed on the National Register of Historic Places on April 14, 1975. National Register of Historic Places listings in Big Bend National Park National Register of Historic Places listings in Brewster County, Texas Media related to Homer Wilson Ranch at Wikimedia Commons