Taylorville is a city in and the county seat of Christian County, United States. The population was 11,427 at the 2000 census. Taylorville was known to have had a high rate of neuroblastoma, a cancer affecting the adrenal gland and striking children; the local power company Central Illinois Public Service Company was sued and lost for contaminating the groundwater in 1994. Some outer homes and a business in Taylorville were damaged by an F1 tornado on April 2, 2006. On August 11, 2012, a Beechcraft Model 18 airplane crashed into a residential area of Taylorville, killing the pilot but injuring none on the ground. A subsequent NTSB investigation into the accident concluded that an improper flap configuration and failure to maintain the correct airspeed due to pilot error, resulted in the crash. At about 5:15 PM on December 1, 2018, as part of the December 2018 tornado outbreak, a strong tornado hit Taylorville; the tornado injured at least 26 residents and damaged more than 600 homes and businesses, 34 of which were destroyed.
Damage surveys by the National Weather Service rated the tornado as an EF3 with winds over 150 mph. Taylorville is known as the "Christmas Capital of Illinois." Taylorville is located at 39°32′27″N 89°17′17″W. According to the 2010 census, Taylorville has a total area of 11.77 square miles, of which 9.86 square miles is land and 1.91 square miles is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 11,427 people, 4,856 households, 3,039 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,416.6 people per square mile. There were 5,208 housing units at an average density of 645.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.67% White, 0.71% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.31% from other races, 0.55% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.70% of the population. Taylorville is served by Illinois Route 29, Illinois Route 48 and Illinois Route 104. Illinois Route 29 connects Taylorville to Springfield Illinois, Illinois Route 48 connects Decatur Illinois including highway access to US Highway 51 to Pana Illinois and/or Champaign Illinois via Interstate 72, Illinois Route 104 connects Taylorville to Jacksonville Illinois.
The IHSA single season boys' basketball record of 45–0 was set by Taylorville High School in 1944. Ron Bontemps and Johnny Orr were team members. In 1911, the Taylorville Christians were a member of the Illinois–Missouri League, an American minor league baseball league. Future Baseball Hall of Famer Ray Schalk played on that team; the town newspaper is the Breeze-Courier, the only daily newspaper serving Christian County. The State Journal-Register, published in Springfield, Illinois covers Taylorville and Christian County quite extensively; the Decatur, Illinois Herald & Review covers the area as well. Taylorville city website Taylorville Schools Lincoln Land Community College-Taylorville Taylorville Park District Taylorville Chamber of Commerce Taylorville Main Street
National Junior College Athletic Association
The National Junior College Athletic Association, founded in 1938, is the governing association of community college, state college and junior college athletics throughout the United States. The NJCAA holds 24 separate regions across 24 states and is divided into 3 divisions; the idea for the NJCAA was conceived in 1937 at California. A handful of junior college representatives met to organize an association that would promote and supervise a national program of junior college sports and activities consistent with the educational objectives of junior colleges; the constitution presented at the charter meeting in Fresno on May 14, 1938, was accepted and the National Junior College Athletic Association became a functioning organization. In 1949, the NJCAA was reorganized by dividing the nation into sixteen regions; the officers of the association were the president, vice president, treasurer, public relations director, the sixteen regional vice presidents. Although the NJCAA was founded in California, it no longer operates there and has been supplanted instead by the unaffiliated California Community College Athletic Association with 100+ colleges participating.
The NJCAA allowed male competitors only until 1975. Based out of Hutchinson, KS since 1968, the national office relocated to Colorado Springs, CO in 1985. Following 23 years in the Rocky Mountain region, the NJCAA moved its headquarters to Charlotte, NC with a major announcement in February 2018. At this time, the association adopted a new governance structure- the 37-member NJCAA Board of Regents along with its inaugural Future Leaders Internship program; each institution belonging to the NJCAA chooses to compete on the Division I, II or III level in designated sports. Division I colleges may offer full athletic scholarships a maximum of tuition, fees and board, course related books, up to $250 in course required supplies, transportation costs one time per academic year to and from the college by direct route. Division II colleges are limited to awarding tuition, course related books, up to $250 in course required supplies. Division III institutions may provide no athletically related financial assistance.
However, NJCAA colleges that do not offer athletic aid may choose to participate at the Division I or II level if they so desire.http://www.njcaa.org/eligibility/faq Academic Student-Athlete Awards by sport NJCAA Academic Team of the Year by sport Betty Jo Graber Female Student-Athlete of the Year by sport David Rowlands Male Student-Athlete of the Year by sport Lea Plarski Award by sport NJCAA Sponsors by sport Service Awards by sport NJCAA Hall of Fame See footnoteNJCAA Hall of Fame See footnoteNJCAA Baseball Coaches Association Hall of Fame See footnotesNJCAA Basketball Hall of Fame See footnoteNJCAA Men's Basketball Coaches Association Hall of Fame See footnoteNJCAA Women’s Basketball Hall of Fame See footnoteNJCAA Football Coaches Association Hall of Fame See footnote Region 1 Arizona Community College Athletic Conference Region 2 Bi-State Conference Region 3 Mid-State Athletic Conference, Mountain Valley Athletic Conference, Western New York Athletic Conference Region 4 Illinois N4C Conference, Illinois Skyway Conference, Arrowhead Conference Region 5 Metro Athletic Conference, North Texas Junior College Athletic Conference, Western Junior College Athletic Conference Region 6 Kansas Jayhawk Community College Conference Region 7 Tennessee Junior and Community College Athletic Association Region 8 Mid-Florida Conference, Panhandle Conference, Southern Conference, Suncoast Conference Region 9 Mon-Dak Conference Region 10 Carolinas Junior College Conference Region 11 Iowa Community College Athletic Conference Region 12 Michigan Community College Athletic Association, Ohio Community College Athletic Conference Region 13 Minnesota College Athletic Conference, Mon-Dak Conference Region 14 Southwest Junior College Conference Region 15 City University of New York Athletic Conference, Mid Hudson Conference Region 16 Midwest Community College Athletic Conference Region 17 Georgia Collegiate Athletic Association Region 18 Scenic West Athletic Conference Region 19 Garden State Athletic Conference Region 20 Pennsylvania Collegiate Athletic Association, Maryland Junior College Athletic Conference Region 21 Massachusetts Community College Athletic Association Region 22 Alabama Community College Conference Region 23 MISS-LOU Junior College Conference, Mississippi Association of Community & Junior Colleges Region 24 Mid-West Athletic Conference, Great Rivers Athletic Conference.
JUCO World Series JUCO Baseball Coaches Hall of Fame NJCAA Division I NJCAA Division II NJCAA Division III NJCAA Women's Championship Due to the small number of schools fielding teams, some football-only conferences exist. They may be home to teams from multiple regions; the Kansas Jayhawk Community College Conference includes only schools in Kansas. All are members of the conference in other sports; the Midwest Football Conference which features schools from Iowa, once included programs in northern Illinois and North Dakota before several of its schools dropped football prior to the 2015 season. The three Iowa schools play each other and have a scheduling alliance with the KJCCC; the College of DuPage, the only Illinois school that still has football, plays as an independent. Harper and Grand Rapids all disbanded their football programs. North Dakota State School of Science joined the MCAC; the Minnesota College Athletic Conference, includes schools in North Dakota. All of the Minnesota schools participate in the conference in other spo
Beardstown is a city in Cass County, United States. The population was 6,123 at the 2010 census; the public schools are in Beardstown Community Unit School District 15. Beardstown is located at 40°0′44″N 90°25′43″W on the Illinois River. According to the 2010 census, Beardstown has a total area of 3.627 square miles, of which 3.57 square miles is land and 0.057 square miles is water. Beardstown is located on the Illinois River, which plays an important role in the economy and history of the community, is the site of two grain terminals where farm products are transferred to barges for transport. Hunting and outdoor recreation along the river contribute to the local economy. A large pork slaughterhouse owned by Kraft and Cargill now by JBS, is a major employer and has attracted a substantial immigrant population to Beardstown in recent years; as of the census of 2000, there were 5,766 people, 2,172 households, 1,437 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,692.1 people per square mile.
There were 2,339 housing units at an average density of 686.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 90.76% White, 0.87% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 7.01% from other races, 0.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.90% of the population. There were 2,172 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.8% were non-families. 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.11. In the city, the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $29,104, the median income for a family was $31,951. Males had a median income of $25,481 versus $20,054 for females; the per capita income for the city was $13,777. About 17.0% of families and 19.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.7% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over. Beardstown was first settled by Thomas Beard in 1819; the town was laid out in 1827 and was incorporated as a city in 1896. During the Black Hawk War in 1832, it was a base of supplies for the Illinois troops. Thomas Beard's son, Edward "Red" Beard, a noted gambler and saloon keeper of the Old West, was killed in a gunfight in Kansas in 1873 by "Rowdy Joe" Lowe. Earlier, he had built a two-story brick building, used for 85 years as a store and inn; this inn is alleged to have sheltered Abraham Lincoln on his visits to Beardstown, but, legend and unconfirmed. The building was replaced by a post office. William Henry Herndon, Lincoln's Springfield law partner, claimed that Lincoln contracted syphilis from a prostitute in Beardstown, an incident author Gore Vidal colorfully recounts in his historical novel Lincoln.
The Beardstown Courthouse was the site of a famous trial which helped build Abraham Lincoln's reputation as a lawyer after he used a copy of a farmer's almanac to undermine the credibility of the prosecution's key witness. The scene was depicted in a painting by Norman Rockwell. A Lincoln Museum is on the second floor of the courthouse along with many Native American relics. From 1984 to 1993, a group of 16 late-aged women were picking stocks in the Dow Jones and over the course of nine years were claiming returns of 23.4% on their stocks. Once they went public with the amazing returns, they gained national recognition for their success; the Beardstown Ladies, with an average age of 70, were asked to appear on The Donahue Show, CBS's Morning Show, NBC's The Today Show, ABC's Good Morning America. For six straight years they were honored by the National Association of Investors Corp's "All-Star Investment Clubs". In 1993, they produced their first home video for investors called, The Beardstown Ladies: Cooking Up Profits on Wall Street.
By 1994, they wrote their first book, The Beardstown Ladies' Common-Sense Investment Guide, which sold over 800,000 copies by 1998 and was a New York Times Best Seller. The Beardstown Ladies become a global phenomenon and TV stations from Germany and Japan were interviewing them and taping their monthly meetings in Beardstown; the seeds of scandal were planted in late 1998: a Chicago magazine noticed that the group's returns included the fees the women paid every month. Without them, the returns dwindled to just 9 %. An article in the Wall Street Journal led the ladies to hire an outside auditor, which proved they had indeed misstated their returns. Time magazine jokingly stated that they should be jailed for misrepresentation; as of 2006, the Beardstown Ladies were still buying stocks. Their books can be bought from Amazon.com for mere pennies. William "Duff" Armstrong, accused murderer, was tried in Beardstown and defended by Abraham Lincoln. Walter Flanigan, co-founder of National Football League, born in Beardstown.
Red Norvo, jazz vibraphone pioneer, born in Beardstown. Janice O'Hara, All-American Girls Professional Baseball League player, born in Beardstown. Jesse Wallace, United States Navy Captain and the 27th unique Governor of American Samoa, born in
Springfield is the capital of the U. S. state of Illinois and the county seat of Sangamon County. The city's population of 116,250 as of the 2010 U. S. Census makes it the state's sixth most populous city, it is the largest city in central Illinois. As of 2013, the city's population was estimated to have increased to 117,006, with just over 211,700 residents living in the Springfield Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Sangamon County and the adjacent Menard County. Present-day Springfield was settled by European Americans in the late 1810s, around the time Illinois became a state; the most famous historic resident was Abraham Lincoln, who lived in Springfield from 1837 until 1861, when he went to the White House as President. Major tourist attractions include multiple sites connected with Lincoln including his presidential library and museum, his home, his tomb at Oak Ridge Cemetery; the capital is centrally located within the state. The city lies in a plain near the Sangamon River. Lake Springfield, a large artificial lake owned by the City Water, Light & Power company, supplies the city with recreation and drinking water.
Weather is typical for middle latitude locations, with hot summers and cold winters. Spring and summer weather is like that of most midwestern cities. Tornadoes hit the Springfield area in 1957 and 2006; the city governs the Capital Township. The government of the state of Illinois is based in Springfield. State government entities include the Illinois General Assembly, the Illinois Supreme Court and the Office of the Governor of Illinois. There are three private high schools in Springfield. Public schools in Springfield are operated by District No. 186. Springfield's economy is dominated by government jobs, plus the related lobbyists and firms that deal with the state and county governments and justice system, health care and medicine. Springfield was named "Calhoun", after Senator John C. Calhoun of South Carolina; the land that Springfield now occupies was settled first by trappers and fur traders who came to the Sangamon River in 1818. The first cabin was built by John Kelly, it was located at what is now the northwest corner of Jefferson Street.
In 1821, Calhoun was designated as the county seat of Sangamon County due to fertile soil and trading opportunities. Settlers from Kentucky and North Carolina came to the developing city. By 1832, Senator Calhoun had fallen out of the favor with the public and the town renamed itself as Springfield after Springfield, Massachusetts. At that time, the New England city was known for industrial innovation, concentrated prosperity, the Springfield Armory. Kaskaskia was the first capital of the Illinois Territory from its organization in 1809, continuing through statehood in 1818, through the first year as a state in 1819. Vandalia was the second state capital of Illinois from 1819 to 1839. Springfield became the third and current capital of Illinois in 1839; the designation was due to the efforts of Abraham Lincoln and his associates. The Potawatomi Trail of Death passed through here in 1838, as the Native Americans were forced west to Indian Territory by the government's Indian Removal policy. Lincoln arrived in the Springfield area when he was a young man in 1831, though he did not live in the city until 1837.
He spent the ensuing six years in New Salem, where he began his legal studies, joined the state militia and was elected to the Illinois General Assembly. In 1837 Lincoln spent the next 24 years as a lawyer and politician. Lincoln delivered his Lyceum address in Springfield, his farewell speech when he left for Washington is a classic in American oratory. Winkle examines the historiography concerning the development of the Second Party System and applies these ideas to the study of Springfield, a strong Whig enclave in a Democratic region, he chiefly studied poll books for presidential years. The rise of the Whig Party took place in 1836 in opposition to the presidential candidacy of Martin Van Buren and was consolidated in 1840. Springfield Whigs tend to validate several expectations of party characteristics as they were native-born, either in New England or Kentucky, professional or agricultural in occupation, devoted to partisan organization. Abraham Lincoln's career reflects the Whigs' political rise, but by the 1840s, Springfield began to be dominated by Democratic politicians.
Waves of new European immigrants changed the city's demographics and became aligned with the Democrats. By the 1860 presidential election, Lincoln was able to win his home city. Winkle examines the impact of migration on political participation in Springfield during the 1850s. Widespread migration in the 19th-century United States produced frequent population turnover within Midwestern communities, which influenced patterns of voter turnout and office-holding. Examination of the manuscript census, poll books, office-holding records reveals the effects of migration on the behavior and voting patterns of 8,000 participants in 10 elections in Springfield. Most voters were short-term residents who participated in only one or two elections during the 1850s. Fewer than 1% of all voters participated in all 10 elections. Instead of producing political instability, rapid turnover enhanced the influence of the more stable residents. Migration was selective by age, occupation and birthplace. Longer-term or persistent voters, as he terms them, tended to be wealthier, more skilled, more native-born, more stable than non-persisters.
Officeholders were particularly
Tim Wilkerson is a NHRA drag racer. He graduated from Southeast High School in Springfield and earned an Associate's in Science in civil engineering from Lincoln Land Community College, he is married to Krista and has three children, Daniel and Rachel. He owns Capital City Machine Shop in Springfield. Tim Wilkerson raced an alcohol funny car from 1990-1995, he won back to back NHRA Division 3 Top Alcohol Funny Car Championships in 1994 and 1995. He began his national Nitro Funny Car career in 1996, he was the first funny car rookie to run over the first funny car rookie in the 4s. He went to his first Nitro Funny Car final at the NHRA US Nationals in 1997, he finished 7th in points in 1998. Wilkerson won his first race in Joliet, Illinois in 1999. On September 7, 2003 he won the famed US Nationals, he won in Reading, Pennsylvania on October 5, 2003. In 2004 he won two races one in Houston and one in Sonoma, California. In 2006 he ran his career best speed of 330.47 mph. He ran his career best elapsed time of 4.723 in 2007 and he finished 15th in the season points.
In 2008 he won six races: Nevada. He led, he started at the top of the season-ending championship. He lost the championship to Cruz Pedregon. Official website
Funny Car is a type of drag racing vehicle and a specific racing class in organized drag racing. Funny cars are characterized by having tilt-up fiberglass or carbon fiber automotive bodies over a custom-fabricated chassis, giving them an appearance vaguely approximating manufacturers' showroom models, they have the engine placed in front of the driver, as opposed to dragsters, which place it behind the driver. Funny car bodies reflect the models of newly available cars in the time period that the funny car was built. For example, in the 1970s current models such as the Chevrolet Vega or Plymouth Barracuda were represented as funny cars, the bodies represented the Big Three of General Motors and Chrysler. Four manufacturers are represented in National Hot Rod Association Funny Car — Chevrolet with the Camaro, Dodge with the Charger, Ford with the Mustang, Toyota with the Camry. Worldwide, many different body styles are used; these "fake" body shells are not just cosmetic. Today, fielding a Funny Car team can cost between US$2.6 and US$3 million.
A single carbon fiber body can cost US$70,000. Nitro Funny Car racing has never been more competitive than since 2006; the dominance of John Force Racing ended in 2006 and between 2007 and 2015 was equaled by Don Schumacher Racing, with three TF/FC titles each. Funny Car is dominated by multi-car teams, with only Cruz Pedregon, Jim Dunn, Tim Wilkerson maintaining the traditional one-car operation; the NHRA has strict guidelines for Funny Cars. Most of the rules relate to the engine. In short, the engines can only be V8s displacing no more than 500 cu in; the most popular design is a Donovan, loosely based on the second generation Chrysler 426 Hemi. There can only be two valves per cylinder; the heads are machined from aluminum billet and have no water jackets, as the high latent heat of the methanol in the fuel coupled with the brevity of the run precludes the need. Superchargers are restricted to a basic Roots type—19-inch rotor case width with a breadth of 11.25 in. The rotors are not allowed to have more than a certain amount of helical twist in them so the blower does not become a screw-type supercharger in function.
Only single camshafts are allowed. There are two common bore-stroke combinations: 4.1875 in × 4.50 in and 4.25 by 4.375 inches. The 3/4 stroker is the most common combination used today and equals 496 CID. Crankshafts are CNC machine carved from steel billet nitrided in an oven to increase surface hardness. Intake valves are titanium and of 2.40 in diameter, while exhaust valves are 1.90 in diameter, made from Inconel. Every Funny Car has ballistic blankets covering the supercharger because this part of the engine is prone to explosion. Funny Car fuel systems are key to their immense power. During a single run cars can burn as much as 15 US gallons of fuel; the fuel mixture is 85–90% nitromethane and 10–15% methanol. The ratio of fuel to air can be as high as 1:1. Compression ratios vary from 6:1 to 7:1; the engines in Funny Cars exhibit varying piston heights and ratios that are determined by the piston's proximity to the air intake. Funny Cars have a reversing gear; the rate/degree of lockup is mechanically/pneumatically controlled and preset before each run according to various conditions, in particular track surface.
Wheelbases are between 125 in. The car must maintain a 3 in ground clearance. Horsepower claims vary widely—from 6,978 to 8,897—but are around 8,000 HP. Supercharged, nitromethane-fueled motors of this type have a high torque, estimated at about 7,000 ft⋅lbf, they achieve a 6G acceleration from a standing start. Many safety rules are in place to protect fans; the more visible safety devices are the twin parachutes to help stabilize and decelerate the car after crossing the finish line. Less visible precautions include roll cages and fire extinguishers. During safety evaluations in the wake of the fatal crash of Scott Kalitta on June 21, 2008, in Englishtown, N. J. the NHRA reduced the distance of Top Fuel and Funny Car races to 1,000 feet effective July 2, 2008. Pro Stock and sportsman classes still race to 1,320 feet. In drag racing in the mid-1960s, Top Fuel horsepower began to be combined with bodied cars with altered wheelbases to produce the first "funny cars"; the first funny cars were built in the early to mid-1960s.
Funny Car as a class traces its roots to Super Stock, through "the intriguingly named Optional Super Stock class", to A/Factory Experimental, which NHRA introduced in 1962, XS. At the start, the rear tires were made with a bias-ply construction, which meant that grip upon launching was poor. Racers who performed these altered wheelbase modifications found it shifted the center of gravity rearward, which placed more weight on the rear wheels, enhancing traction from these bias-ply slicks; because of these many obvious modifications they did not look stock, hence the name "funny". The wheelbases were changed to assist traction for the narrow slicks, while keeping the mandatory factory distance between axle centers; the first of the "funny-looking car
National Hot Rod Association
The National Hot Rod Association is a drag racing governing body, which sets rules in drag racing and hosts events all over the United States and Canada. With over 40,000 drivers in its rosters, the NHRA claims to be the largest motorsports sanctioning body in the world; the association was founded by Wally Parks in 1951 in California to provide a governing body to organize and promote the sport of drag racing. NHRA's first Nationals was held in Great Bend, Kansas; the NHRA Mello Yello Drag Racing Series, the national event series which comprises 24 races each year, is the premier series in drag racing that brings together the best drag racers from across North America and the world. The NHRA U. S. Nationals are now held at Lucas Oil Raceway in Clermont and are called the U. S. Nationals. Winners of national events are awarded a trophy statue in honor of founder Wally Parks; the trophy is referred to by its nickname, a “Wally”. The NHRA Mello Yello Drag Racing Series is the top division of the NHRA.
It consists of four professional classes: Top Fuel Dragster Top Fuel Funny Car Pro Stock Pro Stock Motorcycle List of NHRA champions There are more than a dozen Sportsman Classes. The classes contested at NHRA Divisional races include Snowmobile, Motorcycle Classes, Super Street, Super Gas, Stock Eliminator, Super Stock, Competition Eliminator, Super Comp, Top Sportsman, Top Dragster, Top Alcohol Funny Car, Top Alcohol Dragster. All classes except Snowmobile and some Sportsman motorcycle classes are contested at NHRA national events. NHRA promotes the Professional classes at national Events, the majority of its participants are Sportsman Racers. Sportsman-class racers must be dues-paying members of NHRA before they are allowed to enter and participate in any NHRA event. Included in these sportsman events are the Lucas Oil Drag Racing Series, the Summit Racing Equipment Racing Series and the NHRA Jr. Drag Racing League; the NHRA Sportsman Drag Racing Series consisted of seven divisions: Northeast, North Central, South Central, West Central and Pacific.
Starting in 2012, the Top Alcohol Dragster and Top Alcohol Funny Car classes competed in four regions: East, North Central and West. Sportsman racers with multiple championships Sportsman racers who have won multiple world championships, with the date of their most recent championship. Top Alcohol Dragster 5: Rick Santos, Bill Reichert 4: Blaine Johnson, Joey Severance 3: Bill Walsh 2: Jim Whiteley Alcohol Funny Car 16: Frank Manzo 4: Pat Austin 2: Randy Anderson, Bob Newberry, Jonnie Lindberg Competition Eliminator 3: Bill Maropulos, David Rampy 2: Coleman Roddy, Andy Manna, Jr, Dean Carter, Bruno Massel Super Stock 5: Peter Biondo 4: Jimmy DeFrank 3: Greg Stanfield, Justin Lamb 2: Keith Lynch, Jim Boburka, Jeff Taylor, Dan Fletcher Stock 4: Kevin Helms 2: Jim Hughes, Al Corda, Lee Zane, Edmond Richardson, Brad Burton The NHRA mandates numerous safety devices and procedures in all competition events; the five point safety harness is required for all vehicles. It holds the driver secure in the seat, is equipped with a quick release latch which can be released in less than a second should the driver need to leave the car due to fire or explosions.
Fire suits are required for all drivers in the alcohol and nitromethane fuel classes and the faster gasoline classes. These suits are full body coveralls and made with seven layers of Nomex fabric, which makes them resistant to fire; the required suit includes Nomex gloves, foot socks, head sock. Another NASCAR transplant, brought into use after the death of Fireball Roberts, was the fuel cell; this bladder is placed into the fuel tanks of non-nitromethane fueled vehicles to prevent fuel leaks, explosions. Third is the use of the HANS device; this device limits the movement of the neck in the event of an impact. Fourth is the titanium shield that must be placed behind the head of all Dragsters and Funny Cars down to the Alcohol ranks; this is to prevent any debris from entering the cockpit and becoming a missile hazard to the driver after the death of Top Fuel racer Darrell Russell. Fifth is the on-board fire extinguishing system; these systems are directed onto the engine itself and are activated when the engine catches fire, reducing the chance for the car to catch fire and endanger the driver.
The driver has a manual activation control available. This has been in place on all cars since 1983, when an engine explosion and fire came close to killing then-Funny Car driver Mike Dunn. All enclosed body cars must have a five-inch circular opening which will accept the nozzle of a fire extinguisher triggered by safety personnel. All vehicles must have a marked fuel pump cut-off switch on a rear panel, accessible to safety crews. Sixth is the roof escape hatch, in place on all Funny Cars since the founding of the division in the early 1970s; this device allows Funny Car drivers a safe means of exit during an engine fire rather than falling out of the car between the frame and fiberglass body, running the risk of being run over by the rear tires. Seventh are the long bars at the rear end of all cars known as "wheelie bars"; these long struts prevent the car from flipping over during the launch phase. To prevent debris, fuel, or coolant from falling on the racing surface, "diapers" under the engine are used to retain liquids