Hansen Dam is a flood control dam in the northeastern San Fernando Valley, in the Lake View Terrace neighborhood of Los Angeles, California. The dam was built by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, Los Angeles District in 1940. Hansen Dam was named after horse ranchers Homer and Marie Hansen, who established a ranch in the 19th century; the Hansen Dam Recreation Center is located in the flood control basin and surrounding slopes behind the dam. Hansen Dam and its now seasonal lake are located along the northern edge of the San Fernando Valley on Tujunga Wash. Tujunga Wash begins between the San Gabriel Mountains and Verdugo Mountains; the dam is 1 mile downstream from the confluence of the Big Tujunga Creek and Little Tujunga Creek-Wash. The dam contains a 1,300-acre reservoir, sometimes referred to as Hansen Lake; the spillway structure, outlet works and channel are located near the center of the Dam's rock embankment. The embankment itself follows a slight curve that creates a natural barrier by connecting the hills at either end of the dam.
It is southeast of the city of San Fernando. The Los Angeles Flood of 1938, which included significant flooding along the Tujunga Wash and at its confluence with the Los Angeles River, increased support to dam and channelize the city's creeks and rivers. In 1939, due to repeated flooding and the damage caused by them in the eastern portions of the San Fernando Valley, the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers began the project; the Corps worked in conjunction with the Los Angeles County Flood Control District. They had considered planning to implement flood risk management within the area since 1915 after a previous series of floods. In 1939 the Corps, by use of eminent domain, seized the horse ranch of Homer and Marie Hansen to build the dam. After a year of construction and over $11 million in initial costs, the dam and its corresponding facilities were finished; the 2-mile long, 97-foot high dam was built to control floodwaters. During storms and flooding, the dam is intended to catch water within the reservoir.
Provisions in the dam's standards of operations promote water conservation efforts coordinated with the Los Angeles County Department of Public Works. The provisions allow the dam to discharge water onto spreading grounds located south of the dam, which percolates into groundwater recharge basins and is stored as part of the city's water supply. Accumulation of debris from previous floods reduced the amount of storage capacity of the reservoir; as a result, in 1981, the Corps proposed raising the height of the dam rather than starting the expensive process of removing the build up of silt, sand and other debris. The proposal did not pass, responsibility was redirected back to the Corps providing maintenance of the dam; the Corps must excavate sediment and vegetative debris to clear clogged outlet works and maintain full capacity of the dam. In the mid-1940s, the Hansen Dam Basin's recreational possibilities were considered as it attracted thousands of visitors every year. Development of recreational facilities began in 1952 with the creation of Holiday Lake, used by swimmers and anglers.
By 1991, the lake had become filled with sediment and was abandoned. The Hansen Dam Recreation Center and Park are located here, with extensive day use facilities operated by the City of Los Angeles Department of Recreation and Parks. Most facilities are accessed from Highways 5 and/or 210; the Orcas-Gabreieleno Equestrian Center and Hansen Dam Aquatic Center are located behind the dam here, Hansen Dam Golf Course in front. Recreation Center and Park features a moderate size lake, filled with circulated drinking water and offers fishing and public boating; the lake is open year-round, including holidays, but may be closed during times of severe weather or for planned events. At the site is located a smaller swim lake which features water, filtered and chlorinated and has a capacity of 2,800 swimmers; the City of Los Angeles Department of Recreation and Parks provides lifeguards who service to the three lakes within the flood control basin. The recreation center and park areas have: picnic tables and barbecue pits, children's play areas.
The park features equestrian and walking trails, that link to those exploring the nearby Angeles National Forest, a walking pathway along the dam's top. The habitats include riparian in the rustic areas; the basin is a resource of large open space for the Los Angeles region. A large portion of the area remains undeveloped in an effort to conserve natural habitats and maintain the diverse animal and plant species; the Hansen Dam Park natural area's ecology is being restored, with invasive plants removal and native plant reintroduction. The proposed National Park Service Rim of the Valley Corridor and trails would include Hansen Dam Park as a significant hub with trailheads; the Discovery Cube Los Angeles is located at the northwest corner of the recreation area on the intersection of Osborne St. and Foothill Blvd. It was built in November 2014 and was intended to serve as an extension campus of the Discovery Cube Orange County, its purpose is to engage young minds and stimulate innovation and creativity through hands-on exhibits.
The science-based programs and activities are part of the nonprofit Discovery Science Foundation's effort to provide an accessible, interactive learning space that enhances participation in STEM, healthy living and environmental awareness. It has a mix of both traveling and permanent exhibits, which includes featuring work done by the Los Angeles Bureau of Sanitation for waste reduction and resource conservation, it has sponso
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area
The Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area is a United States National Recreation Area containing many individual parks and open space preserves, located in the Santa Monica Mountains of Southern California. The SMMNRA is located within the greater Los Angeles region, with two thirds of the parklands in northwest Los Angeles County, the remaining third, including a Simi Hills extension, in southeastern Ventura County. Overall administration is by the National Park Service, coordinating with state, county and university agencies; the Santa Monica Mountains Recreation Area preserves one of the best examples of a Mediterranean climate ecosystem in the world. It protects one of the highest densities of archaeological resources in any mountain range in the world. In size the Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area is the largest urban national park in the United States and the largest urban national park in the world; the Woolsey Fire in November 2018 burned 83% of all National Parks Service land in the Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area.
The Santa Monica Mountains NRA contains 156,671 acres in the Santa Monica Mountains of the Transverse Ranges between the Pacific Ocean and inland valleys. Its southeastern slopes are part of the headwaters of the Los Angeles River; the California State Park system owns 42,000 acres, the National Park Service controls 23,620 acres, the rest of the SMMNRA lands are in local agencies parks, university study reserves, private property conservation easements. The movement to preserve the Santa Monica Mountains has a long tradition, overlooked by historians who focus on the environmental movement of the 1960s and 1970s which culminated with the establishment of the Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area in 1978. Besides geologic forces, people who inhabited the area in the past have been ones to affect the land. There were different reasons for people to come into the area; some others to work the land. The first groups to live in the mountains were the Native American tribes called the Chumash and the Tongva who lived here for thousands of years.
Came the Spanish Explorers and Homesteaders from other areas of the country, who worked the land. The Homesteaders brought new ideas and cultures that shaped the landscape and mindset of the area, California overall. Up to this day, people continue to live and recreate in the Santa Monica Mountains. Places such as Paramount Ranch, Solstice Canyon, Rancho Sierra Vista/ Satwiwa still have that history, left behind by people in the past; the past stories from these people are discovered through photographs, letters, to things they threw away. Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area strives to make sure the collections and stories of the people who affected the landscape will be preserved for the future; the first area in the Santa Monica Mountains set aside for public use was Griffith Park, donated to the city of Los Angeles by Griffith J. Griffith in 1896. During the first decade of the twentieth century, Frederick H. Rindge made several attempts to create a forest reserve in the Santa Monica Mountains.
These reserves were precursors to national forests. In 1902 California's State Mining Bureau examined the area being considered for the establishment of a forest reserve; the resulting report was sent to Washington. In 1907 an application was submitted to the Secretary of the Interior requesting that at least 70,000 acres in the mountains be designated a forest reserve; this time state mineralogist. He wrote the L. A. Time newspaper stating, "I believe that the lands embraced in the Malibu and Santa Monica districts should not be included in a forest reserve…I shall at once take the matter up with Gifford Pinchot, Washington, D. C. and endeavor to ascertain his views on the subject, further protest against the creation of this proposed reserve". Days the U. S. Forest Service advised Aubury that it was improbable that a forest reserve would be created owing to local opposition and the small amount of public land still remaining in the Santa Monica Mountains. Limestone deposits were discovered in the mountains behind Pacific Palisades in 1925 which led to a lengthy battle between wealthy home owners of the area and land developers.
The quarry site was in Traylor Canyon, three miles inland from the sea, between Santa Ynez and Temescal Canyons. Alphonzo Bell, Sr. was the real estate developer behind the quarry scheme while local opposition was led by Sylvia Morrison, who championed the preservation of the area's natural beauty. After much criticism of his original plan, Bell offered a new proposal. Using a new process, he would have the rock pulverized, mixed with water, pumped via a buried pipeline to the mouth of Santa Ynez Canyon; the pipeline would continue from there along the ocean floor to an offshore buoy where it would be load on board a waiting ship. Criticism of the plan grew and garnered the ire of local resident Will Rogers who parodied the plan on the front page of the L. A. Times; the debate raged citywide with such notable public figures as William Mulholland coming to Bell's defense. In an attempt to sway public opinion, Bell urged local residents to take company-sponsored fieldtrips, on foot and on horseback, to the quarry to see the site for themselves.
Among the people who took these trips was Sylvia Morrison, an early leader of environmental concerns. She was among the visitors who scrambled up the limestone cliffs on ladders and hiked and rode on horseback through the chaparral and came
Lafayette Park (Los Angeles)
Lafayette Recreation Center known as Lafayette Park, is a public park in the Westlake district of Los Angeles, California. In 1899, Clara R. Shatto donated 35 acres of land to the City of Los Angeles; the land consisted of tar seeps and oil wells and Shatto requested that it be developed into a park. Shatto was the wife of the then-owner of Santa Catalina Island. Canary Island palm trees and jacaranda were planted in the area of. Local groups requested that the name be changed to commemorate Marquis de Lafayette, a military officer of the American Revolutionary War; the name was changed in 1918. A statue of him was erected in 1937, close to the Wilshire Boulevard entrance. A senior center designed by architect Graham Latta opened on the east side of the park in 1963, it was expanded by architect Stephen Kanner, whose firm improved the classrooms, community rooms, gymnasium. In 2011, the Los Angeles Department of Recreation and Parks partnered with the non-profit organization Heart of Los Angeles to offer youth programs.
The complex was renamed "Lafayette Park Recreation Center". The park features sports facilities, including basketball courts; these have been featured in popular media, such as the 1992 sports comedy, White Men Can't Jump, during which 20th Century Fox performed renovation to the facilities. Available for public use is the "Lafayette Skate Park"; the park's vicinity has seen the construction of numerous architecturally significant buildings of which several are listed in the National Register of Historic Places: the Sheraton Town-House, Felipe de Neve Branch Library, Bullocks Wilshire, all built in 1929. Neighboring the park are the First Congregational Church — an English Gothic Revival building completed in 1932 — and a 19-story glass building that houses a branch of the Los Angeles Superior Court. Lafayette Park is fenced off and closed at night, avoiding much of the negative reputation that affects its immediate neighbor, MacArthur Park. However, access to the park is available at all times of the night.
Slight, but noticeable, change toward gentrification centered on condominiums and apartments near the park are in part due to the expansion of Koreatown. Los Angeles Police Department operates the Rampart Community Police Station, it was located at 2710 West Temple Street, 90026, serving the area around the park. It has since moved east into a newly constructed facility at 1401 West 6th Street, the site of the former emergency receiving hospital. Beginning January 4, 2009, the park became the responsibility of the newly created Olympic Division, LAPD. Angels Walk LA. "Angels Walk LA, Self-guided Historic Trails, Wilshire". Angelswalkla.org. Angels Walk LA. Retrieved 2012-04-03
Los Angeles the City of Los Angeles and known by its initials L. A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California; the city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity and the entertainment industry, its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America. Los Angeles is in a large basin bounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and by mountains as high as 10,000 feet on the other; the city proper, which covers about 469 square miles, is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the country. Los Angeles is the principal city of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second largest in the United States after that of New York City, with a population of 13.1 million. It is part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach combined statistical area the nation's second most populous area with a 2015 estimated population of 18.7 million.
Los Angeles is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States, with a diverse economy in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Los Angeles is famous as the home of Hollywood, a major center of the world entertainment industry. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index; the Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of $1.044 trillion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the event for a third time in 2028; the city hosted the Miss Universe pageant twice, in 1990 and 2006, was one of 9 American cities to host the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup and one of 8 to host the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup, hosting the final match for both tournaments. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
The city was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood; the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California assured the city's continued rapid growth; the Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Chumash tribes. A Gabrieleño settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning "poison oak place". Maritime explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America.
Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. On September 4, 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles,'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'; the present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese in the United States. Two-thirds of the Mexican or settlers were mestizo or mulatto, a mixture of African and European ancestry; the settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820, the population had increased to about 650 residents. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.
During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican–American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Railroads arrived with the completion of the transcontinental Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. Petroleum was discovered in the city and surrounding area in 1892, by 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000; the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. Due to clauses in the city's charter that prevented the City of Los Angeles from selling or providing water from the aqueduct to any area outside its borders, many adjacent city and communities became compelled to annex themselves into Los Angeles.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones; the new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were
Downtown Los Angeles
Downtown Los Angeles is the central business district of Los Angeles, California, as well as a diverse residential neighborhood of some 58,000 people. A 2013 study found, it is part of Central Los Angeles. A heritage of the city's founding in 1781, Downtown Los Angeles today is composed of different areas ranging from a fashion district to Skid Row, it is the hub for the city's urban rail transit system and the Metrolink commuter rail system for Southern California. Banks, department stores, movie palaces at one time drew residents and visitors into the area, but the district declined economically and suffered a downturn for decades until its recent renaissance starting in the early 2000s. Old buildings are being modified for new uses, skyscrapers have been built. Downtown Los Angeles is known for its government buildings, parks and other public places; the earliest known settlements in the area of what is now Downtown Los Angeles was by the Tongva, a Native American people. European settlement arrived after Father Juan Crespí, a Spanish missionary charged with exploring sites for Catholic missions in California, noted in 1769 that the region had "all the requisites for a large settlement".
On September 4, 1781, the city was founded by a group of settlers who trekked north from present-day Mexico. Land speculation increased in the 1880s, which saw the population of the city explode from 11,000 in 1880 to nearly 100,000 by 1896. Infrastructure enhancements and the laying of a street grid brought development south of the original settlement into what is today the Civic Center and Historic Core neighborhoods. By 1920, the city's private and municipal rail lines were the most far-flung and most comprehensive in the world in mileage besting that of New York City. By this time, a steady influx of residents and aggressive land developers had transformed the city into a large metropolitan area, with DTLA at its center. Rail lines connected four counties with over 1,100 miles of track. During the early part of the 20th century, banking institutions clustered around South Spring Street, forming the Spring Street Financial District. Sometimes referred to as the "Wall Street of the West," the district held corporate headquarters for financial institutions including Bank of America and Merchants Bank, the Crocker National Bank, California Bank & Trust, International Savings & Exchange Bank.
The Los Angeles Stock Exchange was located on the corridor from 1929 until 1986 before moving into a new building across the Harbor Freeway. Commercial growth brought with it hotel construction—during this time period several grand hotels, the Alexandria, the Rosslyn, the Biltmore, were erected — and the need for venues to entertain the growing population of Los Angeles. Broadway became the nightlife and entertainment district of the city, with over a dozen theater and movie palaces built before 1932. Department stores opened flagship stores downtown, including The Broadway, Hamburger & Sons, May Company, JW Robinson's, Bullock's, serving a wealthy residential population in the Bunker Hill neighborhood. Numerous specialty stores flourished including those in the jewelry business which gave rise to the Downtown Jewelry District. Among these early jewelers included the Laykin Diamond Company and Harry Winston & Co. both of which found their beginnings in the Hotel Alexandria at Fifth and Spring streets.
The Los Angeles Union Passenger Terminal opened in May 1939, unifying passenger service among various local and long-distance passenger trains. It was built on a grand scale and would be one of the "last of the great railway stations" built in the United States. Following World War II, the development of the Los Angeles freeway network, increased automobile ownership led to decreased investment downtown. Many corporate headquarters dispersed to new suburbs or fell to mergers and acquisitions; the once-wealthy Bunker Hill neighborhood became a haven for low-income renters, its stately Victorian mansions turned into flophouses. From about 1930 onward, numerous old and historic buildings in the plaza area were demolished to make way for street-level parking lots, the high demand for parking making this more profitable than any other option that might have allowed preservation; the drastic reduction in the number of residents in the area further reduced the viability of streetfront businesses that would be able to attract pedestrians.
For most Angelenos, downtown became a drive-out destination. In an effort to combat blight and lure businesses back downtown, the city's Community Redevelopment Agency undertook the Bunker Hill Redevelopment Project in 1955, a massive clearance project that leveled homes and cleared land for future commercial skyscraper development; this period saw the clearing and upzoning of the entire neighborhood, as well as the shuttering of the Angels Flight funicular railway in 1969. Angels Flight resumed operation in 1996 for a period of five years, shutting down once again after a fatal accident in 2001. On March 15, 2010, the railway once again opened for passenger service following extensive upgrades to brake and safety systems. With Class A office space becoming available on Bunker Hill, many of DTLA's remaining financial corporations moved to the newer buildings, leaving the former Spring Street Financial District devoid of tenants above ground floor. Following the corporate headquarters' moving six blocks west, the large department stores on Broadway shuttered, culminating in the 1980s.
However, the Broadway theaters saw much use as Spanish-language movie houses during this time, beginning with the conve
Will Rogers State Historic Park
Will Rogers State Historic Park is the former estate of American humorist Will Rogers. It lies in the Pacific Palisades area. In what is now the town of Pacific Palisades, Rogers built his ranch, where he lived with his wife Betty and their three children, Will Jr. Mary and James; the 31-room ranch house, which includes 11 baths and seven fireplaces, is surrounded by a stable, riding ring, roping arena, golf course, polo field—and riding and hiking trails that give visitors views of the ranch and the surrounding countryside—186 acres. The ranch became a State Park in 1944 after the death of Mrs. Rogers, the house was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1971. California State Parks has completed a major renovation of the ranch house; the project included reconstruction of flagstone areas that surround the house, seismic safety work, replacement of electrical systems and installation of a new heating and air conditioning system. The house has reopened to the public as of March 2006.
Beyond the ranch and the stables are the trails that lead to views of the countryside around the park. Since Will Rogers State Historic Park is on the tip of the Santa Monica Mountains, the trails have vistas of both the sea and the mountains. Visitors can hike to Inspiration Point, take the Rogers trail around the perimeter of the park or continue on into Topanga State Park via the Backbone Trail System; the ranch reflects Will Rogers' roots in horsemanship, starting with the polo field, the first thing the visitor sees when looking south from the parking area. The field is the only outdoor polo field in Los Angeles County, the only field, regulation size; the ranch has been in many movies and television shows, including Star Trek IV, in which it stood in for Golden Gate Park. The polo field features a gentle slope. Up from the parking area are the ranch buildings, including the visitor center, which once was the ranch guest house; the visitor center features a film on the life of Will Rogers, literature and an audio tour of the grounds.
The ranch buildings and grounds are maintained as they were when the Rogers family lived there in the late 1920s and 1930s. The living room of the main ranch house, with a collection of Native American rugs and baskets, features a porch swing in the center of the room and a mounted calf, given to Will Rogers to encourage him to rope the calf instead of his friends; the north wing of the house contains Rogers' study and the sunroom. Will Rogers State Historic Park was one of the 48 California state parks proposed for closure in January 2008 by California's Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger as part of a deficit reduction program. Backbone Trail System Santa Monica Mountains topics index Will Rogers State Beach Official website
Heritage Square Museum
Heritage Square Museum is a living history and open-air architecture museum located beside the Arroyo Seco Parkway in the Montecito Heights neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, in the southern Arroyo Seco area. The living history museum shows the story of development in Southern California through historical architectural examples; the museum focuses on interpreting the years 1850 to 1950, a century of unprecedented growth in Los Angeles. Volunteer interpreters give thorough tours that incorporate the history and culture of the region. Other specialized living history events and items of historical interest are given on a periodic basis. During the rapid urban expansion of the 1960s, Victorian buildings in Los Angeles were being demolished at an alarming rate; the Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument program, established in 1961, could evaluate properties and list-register them, but not protect them. In 1969, at the request of the Los Angeles Cultural Heritage Commission, a group of concerned citizens established the Cultural Heritage Foundation to counteract this destruction.
The Foundation organized Heritage Square as a last-chance haven for architecturally and significant buildings to be moved to, which otherwise would have been demolished at their original locations. Eight historic buildings, a vintage train car and a trolley car, were stopped from demolition and moved to the Heritage Square location — between 1969 and 2005, they include: The Mount Pleasant House was built in 1876 by prominent businessman and lumber baron William Hayes Perry. Designed by renowned architect E. F. Kysor, the home contains detailing to convey the wealth and social status of the family; these elements include Corinthian columns, fine hardwood floors, a sweeping main staircase, marble fireplace mantles. It was built in the fashionable neighborhood of Boyle Heights; the Perry's Mount Pleasant House was considered the finest and most expensive residence to arrive in mid-1870s Los Angeles. The outward sweep of the entrance stairway, the sculpted brackets under the eaves, the slanted bay windows, the narrow Corinthian columns are characteristic of its Victorian Italianate style.
In 1975, the house was moved from 1315 Mount Pleasant Street to the museum grounds, restoration was begun by the Colonial Dames Society of America. Main: Palms DepotThe Palms Depot was built c. 1875 for the Los Angeles and Independence Railroad, was absorbed into the Pacific Electric Railway in 1911. It continued to provide service until 1953; the Palms Depot was declared a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument in 1963, to avoid demolition was moved to the museum grounds. One of only about 500 octagonal buildings remaining in the United States, the octagon house has a unique story; the type is based on the mid-19th century ideas of Orson Squire Fowler, that eight-sided homes were preferable to the standard four-sided type. The builders of octagonal structures believed that: windows on eight sides gave more light and better air circulation. Fowler's architectural ideas were popular in the East through the 1850s, where most octagonal structures and homes were built. After the Civil War interest waned in the octagonal style.
This octagon house is unusual being built in 1893. It was built by Gilbert Longfellow at 3800 Homer Street, L. A, it was declared a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument, was moved to the museum grounds. The Ford House was built in 1887 as part of a large tract of simple middle-class homes in downtown Los Angeles built by the Beaudry Brothers; the home is interesting because of its inhabitant – John J. Ford, a well-known wood carver. Ford's works include carvings for the California State Capitol, the Iolani Palace in Hawaii, Leland Stanford's private railroad car; because of his occupation, the exterior and interior carvings were all done by hand in ornate, one-of-a-kind patterns. The Lincoln Avenue Methodist Church was built in 1897. Designed in the Carpenter Gothic and Queen Anne styles, the floor plan follows the Methodist tradition of non-axial plans; this plan, with the entrance in one corner and the pulpit in the opposite, is known as the Akron style, having originated in Akron, Ohio. The carriage barn was built in 1899 on the grounds of what is now Pasadena's Huntington Memorial Hospital for Dr. Osborne, a member of the hospital's staff.
Its architectural style is Queen Anne Cottage with Gothic Revival influences. It has a distinctive pitched roof; the barn was saved from demolition and moved to the Heritage Square Museum in 1981. A unique style for the West Coast, the Shaw House is a Second Empire home with a French mansard roof, it is of a smaller scale than the Perry Houses. The Hale House was built in 1887 by George W. Morgan, a land speculator and real estate developer, at the foot of Mount Washington just a few blocks from the museum in Highland Park in Los Angeles; the building is an outstanding example of the Queen Eastlake Styles. The house was sold many times and was moved from 4501 to 4425 North Pasadena Avenue before being purchased by James G. Hale in 1906, it remained in the Hale Family until it was acquired by the museum in 1970, as a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument. The exterior colors of Hale House were reproduced from chips of the original colors found on the house during restoration; the interior has been restored to represent the rooms as they may have appeared in 1899.
The Salt Box was one of the last homes on Bunker Hill, one of the first moved to the Heritage Square Museum grounds. It was of the Saltbox style. Shortly after its arrival, an arson fire de