The Lincoln Trail Homestead State Park and Memorial is a 162-acre state park located on the Sangamon River in Macon County near Harristown, United States. The state memorial is believed to contain the site of the homestead, from March 1830 until March 1831, of pioneer Thomas Lincoln and about 12 members of his extended family, including grown son Abraham Lincoln; the Lincolns moved to this location, west of Decatur, from Indiana in March 1830. Using local logs, they constructed a 18-by-18-foot log cabin on the site, it was here that Abraham split rails for his father's 10-acre field, "hired out" to split rails for neighboring pioneer farmers, inspiring his political nickname, the Rail Splitter. Split-rail fences were used by pioneer farmers to confine their stock, or to prevent free-range livestock from getting into and damaging a crop field; the settlement was not successful. The Lincoln family's corn crop produced a disappointing yield because it was planted directly in the sod of the tallgrass prairie, many of the members of the family developed severe cases of malaria associated with living in the Illinois wetlands.
Following this came the winter of 1830–1831, known to pioneers as the Winter of the Deep Snow. It was a harsh winter for the area, with lengthy periods of sub-zero temperatures and snowfall totalling 6 feet; the Lincoln clan faced serious hunger. According to one report, "Abraham rode to nearby homes seeking food for his family."The hard winter and miserable conditions broke up the Lincoln family. In March 1831, Thomas Lincoln and his wife Sarah Bush Lincoln, Abraham's stepmother, moved southeast to Coles County. Young Abraham hired out as a flatboatman, on the Sangamon, locating a new home for himself in New Salem, Illinois. See also: Abraham Lincoln's early life and career; the abandoned Lincoln cabin remained on the site and was re-used as a school house and a farm building. It was ignored until 1865 when it was shipped for public viewing to Chicago. T. Barnum. After that, the cabin was lost to history and its ultimate fate is unknown; the abandoned Lincoln farmstead was settled by the Whitley family, who lived at the site for several generations.
The state memorial, created in 1938 on the Whitley site, now serves as a park and picnic area for the greater Decatur, Illinois metropolitan area. The park contains mature second-growth bottomland timber, including black walnut trees; the park was formally dedicated in 1957. Archeologists have not yet discovered any evidence of the exact location of the Lincoln family's 1830–1831 cabin, the cabin may have been located within or outside the state memorial boundary. Abraham Lincoln himself described his life at the Lincoln Trail Homestead State Park and Memorial in this 1860 account, which he wrote for John L. Scripps of the Chicago Press and Tribune to be used as a campaign biography: March 1, 1830, Abraham having just completed his twenty-first year, his father and family, with the families of the two daughters and sons-in-law of his stepmother, left the old homestead in Indiana and came to Illinois, their mode of conveyance was wagons drawn by ox-teams, Abraham drove one of the teams. They reached the county of Macon, stopped there some time within the same month of March.
His father and family settled a new place on the north side of the Sangamon River, at the junction of the timberland and prairie, about ten miles westerly from Decatur. Here they built a log cabin, into which they removed, made sufficient of rails to fence ten acres of ground and broke the ground, raised a crop of sown corn upon it the same year; these are, or are supposed to be, the rails about which so much is being said just now, though these are far from being the first or only rails made by Abraham. Lincoln Trail Homestead State Park and Memorial
The National Kidney Foundation of Michigan is a 501 not-for-profit organization and subset of the National Kidney Foundation, a major voluntary health organization in the United States. Since 1955, the NKFM has carried out a mission to prevent kidney disease and improve the quality of life for those living with it; the nonprofit is based in Ann Arbor and has three additional statewide branches in Flint, Grand Rapids and Detroit. The charity has received 11 consecutive 4-star ratings from Charity Navigator, the nation’s leading charity evaluator; the NKFM was established as an affiliate of the National Kidney Foundation in 1955. Its mission is: “To prevent kidney disease and improve the quality of life for those living with it.” Through legislative and program-based efforts, the organization seeks to prevent three major causes of kidney disease including obesity and hypertension. The NKFM is the largest affiliate of the National Kidney Foundation and offers more programs and services to more people than any other region or state.
In 2016, the Detroit branch opened a new office in the Henry Ford Medical Center - Detroit Northwest from a smaller office based in Detroit. In 2018, the Grand Rapids branch relocated their office to a larger space owned by the Breton Associates. In 2017, the charity spent over $5.5 million dollars, with 86.7% of program expenses directed toward public education, 3.7% toward patient services, 5.3% toward community services. Each year, the organization spends a significant portion of their program expenses on education and educational initiatives. In 2017, 86.7% of their expenses were directed toward public education. The NKFM has directed educational outreach initiatives and programs surrounding topics such as chronic kidney disease, diabetes prevention, nutrition education for children, general physical activity, gestational diabetes. Since 2012, the Diabetes Prevention Program has served more than 1,550 people by encouraging an active lifestyle and educating them about prevention of diabetes through nutrition.
Through lifestyle changes, clients have lost, on average, 6 percent of their body weight and have been physically active for an average of 190 minutes per week. The program starts with 16 weekly meetings, during which participants learn healthy nutrition practices. For the rest of the year, the class meets monthly. Starting in 2016, the NKFM’s Diabetes Prevention Program pre-diabetes class was one of five diabetes prevention programs in Michigan, approved and covered by Medicare. In 2017, the NKFM published a new book, titled “Regie’s Rainbow Adventure: National Kidney Foundation of Michigan’s nutrition education program for disease prevention in the early childcare setting.” The book features Regie, a broccoli superhero, who acts as the face for the Regie program that served 24,000 children in Southeast Michigan in nutrition and physical activity education. During the early stages of 2018 1,200 adults 50 and older attended health workshops sponsored by the NKFM NKFM including the Diabetes Prevention Program, Personal Action toward Health and Diabetes PATH.
The organization's activities focus on awareness and treatment. Initiatives include public and professional education, kidney health screenings and patient services. According to the group 90% of fundraising dollars goes into programs and services aimed at preventing kidney disease; the NKFM hosts several fundraising events each year including Kidney Walks and two Kidney Balls held in Detroit and Grand Rapids. In December 2018, the event raised over $420,000 through a silent auction, live auction and donations at the Westin Book Cadillac Detroit. Since 1976, the NKFM has hosted an annual Kids Camp in Michigan at Camp Copneconic. During a traditional weekly camp session, the NKFM provides medical support necessary to allow kids with kidney disease ages 8–16 to attend the camp alongside other campers; the foundation enlists a team of Michigan-based nurses and doctors to assist the 30 campers throughout the week. The foundation provides financial support for children interested in attending the camp.
The children are all kidney patients and come from one of three hospitals in the state — Children’s Hospital at the DMC in Detroit, C. S. Mott Children's the Helen DeVos Children's Hospital in Grand Rapids. Nearly 950 children attended the camp as of 2016. Dan Carney served as the president and CEO of the NKFM for over 30 years until 2017, when he was succeeded by Linda Smith-Wheelock. Smith-Wheelock served as the nonprofit’s Chief Operating Officer for 17 years before being awarded the position, which she still holds. Carney remains on the board of directors after stepping down into a new role as President and CEO Emeritus; every year since 2006, the NKFM has received 4-star ratings from Charity Navigator, who named the NKFM the number 1 charity in the category of Diseases, Disorders & Disciplines in 2014. The same year, the Huffington Post named the NKFM as one of the top 11 charities that changed the world. In 2015, the Michigan Association of Health Plans recognized NKFM for “Business Practice Improvement” through their diabetes prevention program during the 15th Annual Pinnacle Awards.
In 2015, the organization was awarded a $20,000 “Foundation Champions for Healthy Kids” grant from the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. The grant aimed to improve children’s health and wellness by working to prevent or delay the onset of preventable diseases through the implementation of the Project for EArly Childhood Health program in southeast Michigan. National Kidney Foundation Website National Kidney Foundation of Michigan Website American Journal of Kidney Disease
Springfield Robertson County Airport is a public use airport located three nautical miles northwest of the central business district of Springfield, a city in Robertson County, United States. It is owned by the Springfield/Robertson Airport Board; this airport is included in the National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015, which categorized it as a general aviation facility. Springfield Robertson County Airport covers an area of 148 acres at an elevation of 706 feet above mean sea level, it has one runway designated 4/22 with an asphalt surface measuring 5,505 by 100 feet. For the 12-month period ending December 31, 2015, the airport had 14,300 aircraft operations, an average of 39 per day: 84% general aviation, 13% military, 3% air taxi. At that time there were 53 aircraft based at this airport: 86% single-engine, 9% multi-engine, 4% helicopters, 1% ultra-light. McCauley Aviation Inc. the fixed-base operator Springfield-Robertson County at Tennessee DOT Airport Directory Aerial image as of March 1997 from USGS The National Map FAA Terminal Procedures for M91, effective February 27, 2020 Resources for this airport: FAA airport information for M91 AirNav airport information for M91 FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker SkyVector aeronautical chart for M91