Downtown East, Minneapolis
Downtown East is an official neighborhood in Minneapolis, United States part of the larger Central community. Its boundaries are the Mississippi River to the north, Interstate 35W to the east, 5th Street South to the south, Portland Avenue to the west, it is bounded by the Downtown West, Elliot Park, Cedar-Riverside neighborhoods. The Marcy-Holmes neighborhood is on the other side of the river, but there is no direct automobile connection between the two neighborhoods. There is a bicycle connection via the Stone Arch Bridge. Downtown East was home to the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome, where the Minnesota Twins, Minnesota Vikings, Minnesota Gophers have all played home games; as of 2009, the Minnesota Golden Gophers moved into the new TCF Bank Stadium on the University of Minnesota Campus. Additionally, the Minnesota Twins moved into new Target Field at the start of the 2010 season. In 2016, U. S. Bank Stadium opened on the Metrodome's former site. Within Downtown East is the Mill District, which contains a number of former industrial properties left over from the days when Minneapolis was the flour milling capital of the world.
Many old mills and factories are being converted to housing, bringing a residential population to a neighborhood that beforehand didn't have many residents. The neighborhood is home to the Mill City Museum, Mill Ruins Park, the new Guthrie Theater complex, which abandoned its old location near Loring Park during the summer of 2006; the neighborhood is served by U. S. Bank Stadium Station of the METRO light rail system. Minneapolis Neighborhood Profile - Downtown East 7th Ward, City of Minneapolis Downtown Minneapolis Neighborhood Association
Anoka County, Minnesota
Anoka County is the fourth-most-populous county in the U. S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States census, the population was 339,534; the county seat and namesake of the county is the City of Anoka, derived from the Dakota word anokatanhan meaning "on both sides," referring to its location on the banks of the Rum River. The largest city in the county is the City of Blaine, the thirteenth-largest city in Minnesota and the eighth-largest Twin Cities suburb. Anoka County comprises the north portion of the Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area, the largest metropolitan area in the state and the sixteenth-largest in the United States with about 3.55 million residents. The county is bordered by the counties of Isanti on the north and Washington on the east and Ramsey on the south, Sherburne on the west, the Mississippi River on the southwest; the Rum River was the site of many early European settlements. It was a common route to the Mille Lacs Lake, the spiritual homeland of the Mdewakanton Dakota.
Father Louis Hennepin traveled the river in his first exploration of the region. The area became a center of fur trade and logging as French and French Canadian communities grew in the cities of Anoka and Centerville. Organized in 1857, the county's southern border met Minneapolis and has become a predominantly suburban area following the construction of Interstate 35W; the county is home to local Twin Cities destinations such as the Heights Theater in Columbia Heights and Northtown Mall and the National Sports Center in Blaine. Anoka County was organized by an act of the Minnesota Territorial Legislature on May 23, 1857, the year prior to Minnesota's admission to the Union, it was formed from parts of Benton County. The boundaries were the same as they are now, except for a small part of the southeastern tip along the Mississippi River and at the south known as Manomin County, it was a small portion that connected to Ramsey and occupied one-third of the congressional township. It was attached to Anoka County by constitutional amendment November 2, 1869.
It became known as Fridley in 1879. The first white men to explore what is now Anoka County were the Franciscan friar Louis Hennepin and his party. Fur traders soon began to settle in the area, now Ramsey County, they settled on the Rum River and more people were attracted to the area. A community was created, now called Anoka; the Mississippi River flows southeasterly along the county's southwestern boundary. The Rum River flows southerly through the western part of the county, discharging into the Mississippi at the county's southwestern boundary; the terrain consists of low rolling wooded hills. The terrain slopes to the east; the county has a total area of 446 square miles, of which 423 square miles is land and 23 square miles is water. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Anoka have ranged from a low of 5 °F in January to a high of 81 °F in July, although a record low of −50 °F was recorded in January 2019 and a record high of 103 °F was recorded in July 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 0.87 inches in February to 4.45 inches in July.
The 2000 United States Census listed 298,084 people, 106,428 households, 79,395 families in the county. The population density was 705/sqmi. There were 108,091 housing units at an average density of 256/sqmi; the 2010 United States Census found. At the time of the 2000 Census, the racial makeup of the county was 93.64 percent white, 1.60 percent black or African American, 0.70 percent Native American, 1.69 percent Asian, 0.02 percent Pacific Islander, 0.65 percent from other races, 1.71 percent from two or more races, 1.66 percent of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The 2000 Census found 30.2 percent were of German, 14.3 percent Norwegian, 9.0 percent Swedish, 7.3 percent Irish and 5.9 percent Polish ancestry. There were 106,428 households out of which 39.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.70% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.40% were non-families. Of all households, 19.30% were made up of individuals and 5.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.19. The county population contained 28.90% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 34.10% from 25 to 44, 21.60% from 45 to 64, 7.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 101.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $57,754, the median income for a family was $64,261. Males had a median income of $41,527 versus $30,534 for females; the per capita income for the county was $23,297. About 2.90% of families and 4.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.90% of those under age 18 and 4.50% of those age 65 or over. As of January 2013 District 1 - Matt Look District 2 - Julie Braastad District 3 - Robyn West District 4 - Jim Kordiak District 5 - Mike Gamache Dis
Area code 612
Area code 612 is part of the North American Numbering Plan of the public switched telephone network for the city of Minneapolis, Minnesota and a few surrounding areas such as Fort Snelling, St. Anthony and Richfield. By geographical area, it is the smallest area code in the state of Minnesota. However, like many other metropolitan area codes in the United States, the region used to be much larger, accounting for the entire Twin Cities region and a wide area surrounding it. At the outset, Minnesota received two area codes, 612 and 218. A 1947 map of the NANP showed the region defined as the southeastern third of Minnesota; the rest of the state was 218. The separating line extended westward from Duluth to the center of the state down through the center. In 1954, the state was divided into three area codes. Part of the southern portion of the previous 612 territory, including Rochester and Mankato, was combined with the southwestern portion of 218 to form the new area code 507; the 612 area code was rotated out to reach the western edge of the state, stretching from border to border from Wisconsin through the Twin Cities to South Dakota.
The 218 region was reshaped to be more square, absorbing much of the old 612's northeastern portion, now covered the northern half of the state. This configuration remained in place for 42 years. In 1996 all of the old 612 territory outside of the Twin Cities became area code 320; the 612 region was split in half two years in 1998 following the Mississippi River. The area west of the Mississippi, including Minneapolis, retained the old code, while most of the area east of the Mississippi—including St. Paul—became the new area code 651; this was intended to be a long-term solution for exchanges in the Twin Cities. However, the Twin Cities are not only home to most of the state's landlines, but most of its pagers and cell phones as well; this brought 612 to the brink of exhaustion again within less than a year of the 651 split. As a result, the 612 code shrank to its current size in a three-way split that took effect in 2000. Area code 763 was created to include the northwest suburbs, area code 952 was created for the southwest suburbs.
The area code splits in the Twin Cities are unusual because they split along municipal, rather than central office, boundaries. This led to a sizeable number of exchanges being divided between two area codes, a few being divided among three; the eastern half of the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities campus, in the St. Paul suburb of Falcon Heights, is a notable exception to the regional numbering plan; because of an integrated phone system linking both campuses, the Falcon Heights campus remained in 612 after the 1998 split. The four Twin Cities area codes comprise one of the largest local calling areas in the United States. Portions of area codes 320 and 507 are local calls from the Twin Cities as well. City of Minneapolis Richfield St. Anthony Fort Snelling University of Minnesota, Twin Cities List of North American area codes NANPA: Minnesota area code map Area code history 1947 Area Code Assignment Map
The Central community in Minneapolis is located in the central part of the city, consisting of 6 smaller official neighborhoods, includes Downtown Minneapolis, the central business district. It includes some high-density residential areas surrounding it, excluding areas east of the Mississippi River. Businesses based in the Central area include the corporate headquarters of Target, US Bank, the broadcast facilities of Minnesota CBS station WCCO-TV. Downtown East Downtown West where most of the high-rise office buildings are located Elliot Park Loring Park North Loop referred to as the Warehouse District Stevens Square/Loring Heights Neighborhoods of Minneapolis
Stevens Square, Minneapolis
Stevens Square is the southernmost neighborhood of the Central community in Minneapolis. It is bordered on Lyndale Avenue on the west, Franklin Avenue on the south, Interstates 94 and 35W on the north and east, respectively. Although one of the densest neighborhoods in Minneapolis today, the land was occupied by a few large mansions. Today, the area is composed of old brownstone apartment buildings or mansions that have been subdivided into apartments, giving the neighborhood a heavy population density within its small geographical area. Much of the neighborhood is a National Historic District, five of the apartments were listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1993. Although Stevens Square faced many of the same challenges which confronted other inner-city neighborhoods through the 1990s, the neighborhood has seen significant increases in safety and average income in recent years; these have been attributed both to a successful Neighborhood Revitalization Program and to limited gentrification, with many apartments buildings converted to condominiums or co-ops.
The half of the neighborhood east of Nicollet Avenue is part of City Council Ward 6, while the part to the west is in Ward 7. The whole neighborhood is represented in the Minnesota State House of Representatives in district 62A, in the Minnesota State Senate in district 62, in the United States House of Representatives in Minnesota's 5th congressional district. Before the arrival of European settlers, the area was inhabited by Dakota Sioux. Although the area was platted in 1856, it remained sparsely occupied for several decades. Most land in the area was purchased by Richard Mendenhall, who developed the land into a small number of large houses and several massive greenhouses, which supplied Mendenhall's floral business. However, the neighborhood's central location and the rapid growth of the city in the 1890s, facilitated by the introduction of horse-drawn and electric streetcars which passed through the area on several streets, made the area an attractive area for redevelopment. In 1907, the property owners, along with one of the biggest property developers in town, petitioned the Park Board to purchase the site of Stevens Square Park, whose irregular grade made development impractical.
The Park Board accepted the offer, purchasing the site for $41,820, financed by an assessment on local landowners. The park was named in honor of Col. John H. Stevens, the first authorized settler on the west bank of what would become Minneapolis. Construction on the Abbott Hospital, now converted to apartments, began in 1910. Apartment construction soon followed in the Renaissance Revival style set by Stevens Court. Most buildings were constructed to the limits of fire codes at the time, maximizing land coverage and density while building to the three and a half story limits established for non-fire safe construction. Most of the older buildings in the neighborhood were constructed by the mid-1920s, when a slump in the housing market combined with a lack of available land drastically slowed the pace of further construction. Although the neighborhood was inhabited by middle-class office workers and single women, by the mid-century the rise of the automobile and white flight to the growing suburbs led to significant decline, as average incomes in the neighborhood dropped precipitously.
Although spared from destruction by the construction of Interstate 35W planned to pass directly through the center of the neighborhood, the two new Interstates isolated the neighborhood from downtown except by a few bridges on major arterials. Several large high-rise public housing projects were completed in the 1960s, which contributed to the reputation of the neighborhood as dangerous and low-income. Starting in the 1970s, however, an active neighborhood organization and interested landowners began working to revitalize the neighborhood, renovating many buildings and addressing quality-of-life issues in the neighborhood. Much of that renovation was financed by General Mills, which believed there were significant profits to be made in revitalizing the inner city, although disappointing financial returns led the company to divest from the project in 1980. A successful block patrol program was set up, in 1994 the Emily Peake Memorial Garden was established at the corner of Third Avenue and 19th St, in part to discourage what was a favorite location for drug sales.
In recent decades, crime has declined precipitously. Several important arterial streets pass through the neighborhood, including Nicollet Avenue, First Avenue, Franklin Avenue. In addition, the neighborhood has easy access to nearby Interstate highways, to downtown Minneapolis, located less than a mile to the north. In addition, the neighborhood is served by several important transit lines, including the high-frequency 18 bus on Nicollet, as well as the 2, the 11, the 17. Although the neighborhood was considered as part of the routing for the METRO Green Line extension, an alternate route was chosen; the planned Nicollet-Central Streetcar would pass directly through the neighborhood. In addition, there is a Nice Ride station located at the corner of Franklin and Nicollet, providing easy access to the city's bike sharing system. Several buildings within the neighborhood are listed on the National Register of Historic Places; these include the historic Amos B. Coe House on Third Avenue, home to the Minnesota African American History Museum and
The Mississippi River is the second-longest river and chief river of the second-largest drainage system on the North American continent, second only to the Hudson Bay drainage system. Its source is Lake Itasca in northern Minnesota and it flows south for 2,320 miles to the Mississippi River Delta in the Gulf of Mexico. With its many tributaries, the Mississippi's watershed drains all or parts of 32 U. S. two Canadian provinces between the Rocky and Appalachian mountains. The main stem is within the United States; the Mississippi ranks as the fifteenth-largest river by discharge in the world. The river either borders or passes through the states of Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Tennessee, Arkansas and Louisiana. Native Americans have lived along its tributaries for thousands of years. Most were hunter-gatherers, but some, such as the Mound Builders, formed prolific agricultural societies; the arrival of Europeans in the 16th century changed the native way of life as first explorers settlers, ventured into the basin in increasing numbers.
The river served first as a barrier, forming borders for New Spain, New France, the early United States, as a vital transportation artery and communications link. In the 19th century, during the height of the ideology of manifest destiny, the Mississippi and several western tributaries, most notably the Missouri, formed pathways for the western expansion of the United States. Formed from thick layers of the river's silt deposits, the Mississippi embayment is one of the most fertile regions of the United States. During the American Civil War, the Mississippi's capture by Union forces marked a turning point towards victory, due to the river's strategic importance to the Confederate war effort; because of substantial growth of cities and the larger ships and barges that replaced steamboats, the first decades of the 20th century saw the construction of massive engineering works such as levees and dams built in combination. A major focus of this work has been to prevent the lower Mississippi from shifting into the channel of the Atchafalaya River and bypassing New Orleans.
Since the 20th century, the Mississippi River has experienced major pollution and environmental problems – most notably elevated nutrient and chemical levels from agricultural runoff, the primary contributor to the Gulf of Mexico dead zone. The word Mississippi itself comes from Misi zipi, the French rendering of the Anishinaabe name for the river, Misi-ziibi. In the 18th century, the river was the primary western boundary of the young United States, since the country's expansion westward, the Mississippi River has been considered a convenient if approximate dividing line between the Eastern and Midwestern United States, the Western United States; this is exemplified by the Gateway Arch in St. Louis and the phrase "Trans-Mississippi" as used in the name of the Trans-Mississippi Exposition, it is common to qualify a regionally superlative landmark in relation to it, such as "the highest peak east of the Mississippi" or "the oldest city west of the Mississippi". The FCC uses it as the dividing line for broadcast call-signs, which begin with W to the east and K to the west, mixing together in media markets along the river.
The Mississippi River can be divided into three sections: the Upper Mississippi, the river from its headwaters to the confluence with the Missouri River. The Upper Mississippi runs from its headwaters to its confluence with the Missouri River at St. Louis, Missouri, it is divided into two sections: The headwaters, 493 miles from the source to Saint Anthony Falls in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The source of the Upper Mississippi branch is traditionally accepted as Lake Itasca, 1,475 feet above sea level in Itasca State Park in Clearwater County, Minnesota; the name "Itasca" was chosen to designate the "true head" of the Mississippi River as a combination of the last four letters of the Latin word for truth and the first two letters of the Latin word for head. However, the lake is in turn fed by a number of smaller streams. From its origin at Lake Itasca to St. Louis, the waterway's flow is moderated by 43 dams. Fourteen of these dams are located above Minneapolis in the headwaters region and serve multiple purposes, including power generation and recreation.
The remaining 29 dams, beginning in downtown Minneapolis, all contain locks and were constructed to improve commercial navigation of the upper river. Taken as a whole, these 43 dams shape the geography and influence the ecology of the upper river. Beginning just below Saint Paul and continuing throughout the upper and lower river, the Mississippi is further controlled by thousands of wing dikes that moderate the river's flow in order to maintain an open navigation channel and prevent the river from eroding its banks; the head of navigation on the Mississippi is the Coon Rapids Dam in Minnesota. Before it was built in 1913, steamboats could go upstream as far as Saint Cloud, depending on river conditions; the uppermost lock and dam on the Upper Mississippi River is the Upper St. Anthony Falls Lock an
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol