José Romero y Fernández de Landa was a Spanish naval and army officer and the Spanish Navy's first official naval engineer and ship designer. He designed several two and three deck ships of the line in the late 18th and early 19th centuries which fought at the Battle of Cape St Vincent and the Battle of Trafalgar, he is notable as the writer of Reglamento de maderas necesarias para la fábrica de los baxeles del Rey. On 27 May 1752 he joined the Regimiento de Dragones de Edimburgo at Villa de Arcos, commanding a company, but he moved to the navy in 1754, he rose'alférez de fragata' and commanded the 5th Company of the 2nd Battalion of Marines at Ferrol. On 1 November 1765 he started working at the shipyard at Guarnizo, under the designer Francisco Gautier. In October 1770, on the creation of the Cuerpo de Ingenieros de Marina, he was one of its few officials from the Cuerpo de Oficiales de Guerra to join the new body, he was'capitán de fragata', Commandant of the Engineers and Engineer General, rising to Engineer General of the Fleet on 28 January 1786.
The three 64-gun ships designed by Landa were an extension of his 74-gun designs, changing its main dimensions on a scale of α=49,5/52 José Romero Fernández de Landa, Un Ingeniero de Marina del Siglo XVIII, de José María de Juan-García Aguado, Universida de da Coruña, 1998. ISBN 84-89694-66-4 List of ships
The Craigleith Heritage Depot is a museum, library and community hub serving The Blue Mountains, Ontario in partnership with The Town of The Blue Mountains Public Library and is the last remaining station standing on Canada's first long-line railroad. It is located at 113 Lakeshore Road, on the corner of Highway 26 and Grey Road 19 on the south side of Georgian Bay. Erected in the 1880s, the Craigleith Heritage Depot was a train station called Craigleith Station a restaurant called The Depot it is a museum and an adjoined public library. Displays in the museum showcase the history of the Petun First Nations, Craigleith Station, Blue Mountain Pottery, the Township of Collingwood, the Mary Ward, fossils found in Craigleith, the local apple industry, Craigleith Oil Works, Osler Castle, local war memorabilia, old newspaper articles; some of the many exhibits in storage include Canada's largest private collection of railroad documents and one of the world's largest cigar-band collections. The Northern Railway of Canada acquired the parcel of land that The Craigleith Heritage Depot occupies from Sir Sandford and Andrew Fleming in 1872.
Sir Sandford Fleming was one of the chief surveyors for the railway and he persuaded his father Andrew Fleming to donate the 9.8 acres to the railway. The lot is located on a Native trail surveyed by Charles Rankin in 1834. By September 1872, the Collingwood to Meaford branch of the Northern Railway was operating, by 1881, five trains were arriving at Craigleith's platform stop each day. In 1882, the Northern Railway company was purchased by the Grand Trunk Railway; the Craigleith Station building was constructed from local timber and included at the time a modern feature in railway design, the rounded turret. There are only two turreted stations left in Ontario, with Craigleith being the only one in its original state; the station's dwelling and waiting room was constructed in 1889 with sill foundation, shingle roof and dimensions 26 ft by 28 ft, height 12 ft. The addition's diameters were 12.5 ft by 26 ft, height 8 ft. The tower was 8 ft diameter, height 17 ft; the shed was 12 ft by 20 ft, height 9 ft.
In 1898, the stable was built with frame, shingle roof and dimensions of 12 ft by 16 ft, height 12 ft. The addition was 17 ft by 12 ft, height 7 ft with a 1,680 sq ft platform constructed in 1898. Inside the station there were separate waiting rooms for men and women as well as living quarters for the stationmaster and his family; the train conductor lived on site with his wife and family. In 1860, Edward VII, son of Queen Victoria, travelled to Canada for a visit; every station between Toronto and Collingwood had erected spectacular floral arches beneath which the prince passed in his open observation car. In 1974 when a special excursion of hundreds of railway fans retraced the route taken by the prince, a member of the planning committee suggested a revival of the floral arches, however only Craigleith decided to put up the arches. In an attempt to hold back the lilac blossoms, they were stored in a local apple storage plant. On the evening before the train trip, post diggers went to work to dig holes for the arches and accidentally severed the cable which controlled the railway signals for miles.
Warning bells and red lights went out of control for the next 12 hours. In addition, a heavy rainstorm during the night destroyed the Lilac Arch. No towns have been persuaded to participate in the revival of the floral arch since. Phillis Gertrude Wilson was born at the depot in 1909, her grandfather was the track master George Wilson. Helen Speck Gibson was born at the depot on February 23, 1922, when her father, Alan Speck was the stationmaster. In the 1960s, Dr. Sandford Goodchild used the depot as a cottage and after rail service ended, the station was purchased by a former mayor of Collingwood who used it as a cottage for many years. Presently hung on the wall is an original document from the General Roadmaster dated May 6, 1902, outlining the wages of the railway station workers; the foreman at the Depot received $45.00 per month. All regular section laborers received $1.20 per day. The foreman rates covered all services performed, there was no allowance for overtime; the ski industry was one of the businesses.
In the 1940s, private ski facilities were opened to the public. Skiers could take a 7:00am train from Union Station to Craigleith Station board the Weider horse-drawn sleigh for 25 cents which would go right to the ski hill now called Blue Mountain. Father Don Plater drove the sled; the ski train service was suspended in 1942 due to the war effort and shortage of rail transportation. Service to Craigleith Station resumed after World War II in 1947 and continued until the 1960s when transportation by automobile drastically reduced ridership. In 1991, the neighboring railway corridor was secured by the Ontario Trails Council and is now the Georgian Trail. In 1966, Ken and Suyrea Knapman purchased and restored the building and opened a restaurant on October 26, 1968, naming it The Depot. On September 23, 1996, Sureya and Ken Knapman were presented the Ontario Heritage Foundation Community Heritage Award by Collingwood Township's Reeve Ross Arthur in recognition of their preservation efforts; the couple put The Depot up for sale in 1998 when Mr. Knapman's health problems became serious, but they were determined to find a purchaser who would preserve the building.
Ken Knapman passed away due to heart complications. For two years after, Suyrea struggled to keep the restaurant going in hopes an investor would
Alfred Schutz was an Austrian philosopher and social phenomenologist whose work bridged sociological and phenomenological traditions. Schutz is being recognized as one of the twentieth century's leading philosophers of social science, he related Edmund Husserl's work to the social sciences, influenced Max Weber's legacy of philosophical foundations for sociology and economics through Schutz's major work, Phenomenology of the Social World. Schutz was born on 13 April 1899 in Vienna, into an upper-middle-class Jewish family as an only child. Following his graduation from high school he was drafted into the Austrian army, where he rose to the American equivalent rank of second lieutenant, his army regiment was dispatched to fight in a series of heavy battles on the Italian front. In 1918, Schutz enrolled at the University of Vienna. During his time at the University of Vienna he enrolled at the Viennese Academy of International Trade from 1919 to 1920 and adopted a concentration in international law.
During his time at the University of Vienna, Schutz went to lectures given by Max Weber, felt that Weber had left the problem of meaning unanswered. As noted by Wagner, Schutz's fascination with the problem of meaning was a result of his experience in combat, combined with returning to starving and economically decimated Vienna. In 1926 Schutz married Ilse Heim, after developing a well-established and prominent career in international banking, he became the chief financial officer for the Vienna banking firm. He was once described by Edmund Husserl as “a banker by day and a philosopher by night.” In 1933 the threat of Hitler's rise in Germany caused Schutz and other Viennese intellectuals to flee Austria in order to seek asylum in allied countries. Schutz and his family relocated to Paris in 1938 in political exile. Schutz worked as an international lawyer for Reitler and Company, moved to the United States in 1939, where he became a faculty member of The New School, he taught philosophy as well as serving as chair of the Philosophy department.
Schutz is unique as a scholar of the social sciences in that he pursued a career in law for most of his life, while teaching part-time at the New School for Social Research in New York. Moreover, he produced key papers in phenomenological sociology that fill four volumes, while working full-time at the bank. Schutz received a substantial amount of assistance from his wife, who transcribed his working notes and letters from his taped dictations. Schutz died on 20 May 1959 in New York City at the age of 60. While Schutz focused on phenomenology and social science methodology his principal aim was to create a philosophical foundation for the social sciences. Schutz was influenced by Ludwig von Mises, Henri Bergson, William James, Edmund Husserl. Contrary to common belief, while Schutz's work paralleled George Herbert Mead’s analysis of the meanings within social interactions, Schutz was critical of Mead’s behavioristic approach. Although Schutz was never a student of Husserl, he and colleague Felix Kaufmann intensively studied Husserl's work in order to seek a basis for the interpretive sociology derived from Max Weber.
In 1932, Schutz’s efforts resulted in his first published book, Der sinnhafte Aufbau der sozialen Welt, published in English as The Phenomenology of the Social World. Schutz took up the generic emphasis of phenomenology, arguing that everyday life – other than philosophical or scientific theories – is most important for analysis. In this work, Schutz both criticized Weber's thinking on related issues. Schutz much admired Weber’s teachings about the “ideal type,” which does not allow for personal interests or values in the context of social theory; this state is referred to as the value-free state. This publication brought him to the attention of Husserl, whom he visited and corresponded with until Husserl's death in 1938. So, when Husserl asked Schutz to be his assistant, he was unable to accept the offer at Freiburg University for personal reasons. Schutz's main concerns were with how people grasp the consciousness of others while they live within their own stream of consciousness, he talked much in a larger sense.
He used it to mean a concern with the social world the social nature of knowledge. A great deal of his work deals with the "lifeworld". Within this, people create social reality under the constraints of preexisting social and cultural factors and structures, he was focused on the "dialectical relationship between the way people construct social reality and the obdurate social and cultural reality that they inherit from those who preceded them in the social world". Schutz is known for his belief that humans attempt to typify everything — to categorize people and things to better understand them within the context of society, he believed that the various typifications we use inform how we understand and interact with people and objects in the social world. Schutz's writings had a lasting impact on sociology, both on phenomenological approaches to sociology and in ethnomethodology through the writings of Harold Garfinkel. Luckmann was influenced by Schutz's work. Luckmann, a student of Schutz's finished Schutz's work on the structures of the Lifeworld after Schutz died by filling out his unfinished notes.
Berger and Luckmann went on to use Schutz's work to further understand human culture and reality, through t
Osvaldo Peredo Leigue is a physician and was a Bolivian revolutionary leader. He now lives in Santa Cruz de la Sierra, where he is an alderman on the Municipal Council of Santa Cruz de la Sierra. Peredo was born and grew up in Trinidad in Beni Department in northern Bolivia, was influenced by his older brothers who helped found the Bolivian Communist Party and were leaders in guerrilla movements. After receiving his initial medical training Peredo left the profession and joined the Ñancahuazú Guerrilla movement of Che Guevara, known as the National Liberation Army. However, because of the need for medical services, Peredo left to attend Patrice Lumumba University in Moscow where he received advanced medical training as well as ideological training. Upon his return to Bolivia he became one of the leaders of the movement. After Che Guevara was killed, Peredo was among those few. In November 1970, Salvador Allende, after he assumed the presidency of Chile, pardoned Peredo, Mario Suarez and the other survivors.
While practicing medicine as a guerrilla, Peredo developed his use of hypnotism as a therapy, both for the control of pain and for psychological trauma. He developed a hypothesis somewhat similar to L. Ron Hubbard's engram theory in Dianetics, namely that past painful memories were the source of some current illness. In 1997 Peredo joined Movement for Socialism – Political Instrument for the Sovereignty of the Peoples and worked for the election of Evo Morales. In 2006, Peredo was elected as an alderman on the Municipal Council of Santa Cruz de la Sierra
Torrey Farms is the name of a large family farm located in Elba, New York, with another farm located in Potter, New York. It is one of the largest vegetable-crop farms in New York; the land is over 10,000 acres, is muckland, drained swampland. The farm grows specialty vegetable crops, which includes sweet corn, carrots, squash and potatoes, what is produced on muckland; the main farm in Elba, which makes up about 8,000 of the total acreage, is located in Orleans and Genesee counties. The 1,200-acre farm in Potter, New York, makes up the majority of a valley of muckland that stretches all the way from Potter to Gorham, New York along Flint Creek, it was a swamp. Not all of this is owned by the Torreys; the valley itself was close to being the 12th Finger Lake. The muckland in Elba is thought to be the largest continuous section of muckland in the world. In 1626, the Torrey family left England due to disagreement with the church; the family first settled in Connecticut, but moved West in search of better soil.
In 1803, John Torrey arrived in New York. In the year 1948, Elbert Torrey purchased the Higley Farm in Elba. Today, the Torrey family farms over 10,000 acres; the farm makes use of migrant workers. In October 1997, 25 migrant workers from Torrey Farms were arrested and set to be deported by Immigration; this was one of the largest immigration raids in New York history and, along with other raids of the time, it caused a significant labor shortage on Torrey Farms as well as to agriculture in the area in general. Mareen Torrey, owner of Torrey Farms said, "I’m going to end up leaving $2 million worth of crop in the field and it’s adding up every day" On May 26, 2009, at 11:07 am, about 14 tons of ammonia leaked from a bulk tank carrying about 15 tons; the ammonia was being transferred from the bulk tank to a smaller tank on a truck. Ammonia, used as fertilizer, is poisonous and flammable. On July 2–6, 2009, the Tripoli Rocketry Association held the 28th annual LDRS rocket launch event at the Potter, New York portion of Torrey Farms.
On July 12–16, 2012 the Tripoli Rocketry Association held the 31st annual LDRS rocket launch event at Torrey Farms On June 25–29, 2015 the Tripoli Rocketry Association is holding the 34th annual LDRS rocket launch event at Torrey Farms On Thanksgiving Day, November 25, 2016, a large fire burned an equipment barn at nearby Big O onion farm owned by the Torrey family, causing millions of dollars of damage. The fire may have been started by a diesel tractor engine block heater. Crews from four counties fought the blaze; the fire took hours to put out due to low hydrant pressure and lack of water in nearby ponds due to the 2016 New York drought. Official website Facebook Page