Tilia cordata is a species of Tilia native to much of Europe. It is found from Britain through central Fennoscandia, to central Russia, south to central Portugal, Italy, Bulgaria, Turkey, the Caucasus, western Asia. In the south of its range it is restricted to high elevations. Tilia cordata is a deciduous tree growing to 20–40 m tall, diameter 1/3 to 1/2 the height, with a trunk up to 1 m diameter; the bark is smooth and grayish when young, firm with vertical ridges and horizontal fissures when older. The crown is rounded in a formal oval shape to pyramidal. Branching is upright and increases in density with age; the leaves are alternately arranged, rounded to triangular-ovate, 3–8 cm long and broad hairless except for small tufts of brown hair in the leaf vein axils – the leaves are distinctively heart-shaped. The buds are pointed egg shaped and have red scales, it has no terminal bud. The small yellow-green hermaphrodite flowers are produced in clusters of five to eleven in early summer with a leafy yellow-green subtending bract, have a rich, heavy scent.
The fruit is a dry nut-like drupe 6–7 mm long by 4 mm broad containing one, or sometimes two, brown seeds, downy at first becoming smooth at maturity, not ribbed but thin and cracked open. The trees favour good, loamy sites, but can be found on sandy, infertile soils, are not thought to be drought resistant. Dormant shoots of T. cordata can resist winter frost temperatures as low as −34 °C. In Britain T. cordata is considered an indicator of ancient woodland, is becoming rare. Owing to its rarity, a number of woods have been given SSSI status. Cocklode Wood, part of the Bardney Limewoods, is the best surviving spread of medieval small leaved limes in England. Another site is Shrawley Wood in Worcestershire. Small-leaved lime was once regarded as good for carving. Trees in northern England were found to have established when the climate was warmer and have adapted to the cooling climate. Paleobotanical analysis of tree pollen preserved in peat deposits demonstrates that T. cordata was present as a woodland tree in the southern Lake District c 3100 B.
C. In spite of the late migration of T. cordata into the Lake District, pollen diagrams from many sites show rapid expansion so that, within a few centuries, it had become plentiful and locally dominant in the southern valleys. Maximum values for Tilia from all pollen diagrams available for the north of England show a conspicuous concentration of high values in the southern Lake District. At several sites among the limestone hills on both sides of the estuary of the River Kent, the curves for Tilia, although beginning about 4800 to 4000 B. C. achieve values of at least 10% within a few centuries. At Witherslack values of this magnitude persist for a depth of 3 m which represents about 4000 years. For much of this period Ulmus is 10%, Quercus 20% and the remaining arboreal pollen is that of Alnus. For a shorter period Tilia exceeds Quercus and reaches a maximum of 30%; the basin is about 200 m in width, so that with distance correction factors applied this indicates that the surrounding woodlands on well-drained soils contained Tilia and Ulmus in the proportions 4: 1: 1.
Modern mature woodland trees were estimated to have germinated between 1150 and 1300 AD, making them around 800 years old. Precise age determination is impossible as heartwood at the centre disintegrates and therefore rings cannot be counted, other methods are used; the tree is disease-resistant, though a common problem is leaf scorch where planted on dry soils, however leaf scorch is not a long-term problem as the leaves are lost in the autumn. Pests include Japanese beetles, lace bugs and various species of moths. Tilia cordata is grown as an ornamental tree, it was much planted to form avenues in early 18th century landscape planning. A famous example is Unter den Linden in Berlin, it is widely cultivated in North America as a substitute for the native Tilia americana which has a larger leaf, coarser in texture. It is popular as both a shade tree with its dense canopy, an ornamental tree with its architectural shape and a street tree. In the USA, Tilia cordata has been planted in Wellesley, MA.
In Europe, there are espaliered trees owing to the ability to survive heavy pruning. Tilia cordata is an easy tree to train for bonsai. Letting the tree recoup in between sessions over a period of several months creates a healthy, good-looking miniature tree. Prior to the advent of firearms, it was commonly used for making shields. Tilia cordata survives best in a soil pH range of 5.0 to 8.0.and in USDA Hardiness Zones 3–7. The tree can survive flooding, it does not do well in soils with high salinity. The Najevnik linden tree, about 700 years old Tilia cordata, is the thickest tree in Slovenia, it is a place of cultural events, every June a national meeting of Slovene politicians takes place under it. Common lime: T. cordata hybridises with Tilia platyphyllos.
Hohenlinden is a community in the Upper Bavarian district of Ebersberg. The city of Lynden, Washington is named after it, as is Alabama. Hohenlinden is the subject of an eponymous poem by Thomas Campbell. Hohenlinden lies in the Munich Planning Region 35 km east of Munich. Hohenlinden has the following traditional rural land units: Hohenlinden. Hohenlinden belonged to the Electorate of Bavaria and was part of the lordly estate of Hofmark Ebersberg of the Order of Malta, disbanded in 1808, it was here that the Battle of Hohenlinden was fought on 3 December 1800. The community is home to two churches, the Kirche Mariä Heimsuchung built in 1489 in Late Gothic style, the Pfarrkirche St. Josef, built in 1903 in neo-Gothic style. Hohenlinden’s mayor is Ludwig Maurer, an independent, elected in 1998. In 1999, the community’s tax revenue, converted to euros, was €1,552,000 of which €160,000 was business taxes. According to official statistics, 155 people on the social insurance contribution rolls were employed in industry in 1998 in Hohenlinden and in trade and transport none.
In other fields, 1,470 people on the aforesaid rolls were employed, 1,103 worked from their homes. There were no employees in processing industries. There were 5 businesses in contracting. Furthermore, in 1999, there were 43 agricultural businesses with a productive area of 772 ha. Over the past few decades, Hohenlinden’s location near the Bundesstraße 12, one of Bavaria's most important traffic routes, has brought about a boom in the number of shops. There are three traditional Bavarian ones and one Italian. Besides several smaller shops, there is a REWE and an EDEKA supermarket, two car dealerships, a driving school, a pharmacy, two filling stations; the small tourism centre has at its disposal various leisure facilities from hiking and golf on the nearby Thailing lands or the GC Ebersberg to the “forest lore walk”, the so-called Hohenlindener Sauschütt in the nearby Ebersberg Forest, which offers hiking and cycling. The Bavarian dialect is common and widespread in Hohenlinden. In Bavarian, Hohenlinden is called Healin.
Hohenlinden offers a wide choice of clubs. Most of them are free for everyone to join and only charge a small annual fee to cover their expenses; the most popular associations are the Sportvereinigung Hohenlinden, the Boeller-Verein, the Hohenlinden volunteer fire brigade, the shooting club, Hohenlinden theatre club and the Hohenlindener Burschenverein. Other popular organisations are the Landfrauen, the Motocrossverein, the Tischtennisverein, the Eisstockschützen, Pfadfinder Impeesa and the Verein Hohenlinden 2000 e. V. In 2012 the following institutions could be found in Hohenlinden: 2 Kindergartens with 100 children 1 Elementary schools with 16 teachers and 222 pupils The former German goalkeeper Sepp Maier lives in Hohenlinden. Community website Battle of Hohenlinden Private Hohenlinden page
Märkisch Linden is a municipality in the Ostprignitz-Ruppin district, in Brandenburg, Germany
Linden-Limmer is a district of Hanover. It became part of the city in 1920. Linden-Limmer is, it has 44,226 inhabitants and consists of the districts of Linden-Mitte, Linden-Nord, Linden-Süd and Limmer as of July 2015
Woodward Township, Lycoming County, Pennsylvania
Woodward Township is a township in Lycoming County, United States. The population was 2,397 at the 2000 census, it is part of Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area. Woodward Township was formed on November 1855 by dividing Anthony Township, it is named for Apollos Woodward, an associate judge in Williamsport at the time. The population of Woodward Township has grown to 2,397 as of the 2000 census; this is up from 817 during the 1890 census. The township, bisceted by Quenshukeny Run semi-rural in nature; the northern parts of the township less populated than the southern parts which lie on U. S. Route serve as a suburb for Williamsport and Jersey Shore; when Woodward township was first settled by migrants from Europe it was outside the boundaries of the Province of Pennsylvania. These settlers were not under the protection of the colonial government in Philadelphia. Together they formed their own form of government, administered by a group of pioneers known as the Fair Play Men; these early settlers banded together to provide law and order to a land, wild and dangerous.
Brattan Caldwell, a native of County Kildare, migrated to the Thirteen Colonies in 1770. He arrived from there moved to Lancaster County, he joined with other pioneers and they followed the Susquehanna River and West Branch Susquehann River into the frontier. Brattan Caldwell and the other settlers arrived in what is now Woodward Township in 1772, they cleared land along the river its tributaries. Caldwell married Elcy Hughes in the winter of 1775 on the south side of the river in Nippenose Township; this part of the West Branch Susquehanna River Valley was under the jurisdiction and protection of the colonial government of Pennsylvania. The Hughes' were married by a Northumberland County Justice of the Peace, it was the first marriage to take place in the settlements west of Lycoming Creek. In the American Revolutionary War, settlements throughout the Susquehanna valley were attacked by Loyalists and Native Americans allied with the British. After the Wyoming Valley battle and massacre in the summer of 1778 and smaller local attacks, the "Big Runaway" occurred throughout the West Branch Susquehanna valley.
Settlers fled feared and actual attacks by the their allies. Homes and fields were abandoned, with livestock driven along and a few possessions floated on rafts on the river east to Muncy further south to Sunbury; the abandoned property was burnt by the attackers. Some settlers soon returned, only to flee again in the summer of 1779 in the "Little Runaway". Sullivan's Expedition helped stabilize the area and encouraged resettlement, which continued after the war. Brattan Caldwell and his family fled to Lancaster County and did not return to their land until after Sullivan's Expedition. Caldwell obtain legal rights to the land he has settled in 1784 following the second Treaty of Fort Stanwix. Linden is the only village in Woodward Township, it sprung up as a shanty town during the construction of the Pennsylvania Canal. The contractors building the canal built a shanty town for the laborers. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 13.6 square miles.13.2 square miles of it is land and 0.5 square miles of it is water.
Woodward Township is bordered by Anthony Township to the north, Old Lycoming Township and Williamsport to the east, the West Branch Susquehanna River to the south, Piatt Township to the west. The township contains the unincorporated communities of Glosser View and Pine Run; as the crow flies, Lycoming County is about 130 miles northwest of Philadelphia and 165 miles east-northeast of Pittsburgh. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,397 people, 946 households, 693 families residing in the township; the population density was 182.2 people per square mile. There were 1,010 housing units at an average density of 76.8/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 98.25% White, 0.75% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.08% from other races, 0.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.17% of the population. There were 946 households, out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.6% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.7% were non-families.
21.4% of all households were made up of individuals, 7.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.92. In the township the population was spread out, with 23.5% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 27.1% from 45 to 64, 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.3 males. The median income for a household in the township was $35,398, the median income for a family was $38,750. Males had a median income of $30,345 versus $19,500 for females; the per capita income for the township was $15,659. About 6.8% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.7% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over
Linden is a city in and the county seat of Marengo County, United States. The population was 2,123 at the 2010 census. Settled prior to 1818, the community was first known as Screamersville, since the cry of wild animals could still be heard during the night, it became the county seat in 1819 and was known as the Town of Marengo. This was changed to Hohenlinden in 1823, to honor the county's earliest European settlers, French Bonapartist refugees to the Vine and Olive Colony; the name commemorated the battle in 1800 at Hohenlinden, where the French defeated the armis of both Austria and Bavaria. The spelling was shorten to just to Linden. Linden is located at 32°18′4″N 87°47′34″W. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.6 square miles, of which 3.6 square miles is land and 0.04 square miles is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,424 people, 938 households, 662 families residing in the city; the population density was 675.6 people per square mile. There were 1,084 housing units at an average density of 302.1 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the city was 52.43% White, 46.20% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.87% from two or more races. 1.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 938 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 22.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.4% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.98. In the city, the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, 19.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 81.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $22,303, the median income for a family was $30,733.
Males had a median income of $38,964 versus $17,857 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,536. About 23.8% of families and 29.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.8% of those under age 18 and 19.0% of those age 65 or over. As of the census of 2010, there were 2,123 people, 877 households, 555 families residing in the city; the population density was 589.7 people per square mile. There were 1,013 housing units at an average density of 281.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 51.1% White, 46.7% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.9% from two or more races. 2.0% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 877 households out of which 23.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.7% were married couples living together, 21.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.7% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.88. In the city, the population was spread out with 20.8% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 21.2% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, 22.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $20,145, the median income for a family was $35,714. Males had a median income of $30,833 versus $25,000 for females; the per capita income for the city was $14,701. About 31.1% of families and 31.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.1% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over. The Democrat-Reporter, a weekly newspaper, is based in Linden; the city runs Linden City Schools. It has one private school, Marengo Academy, founded in 1969. Ralph Abernathy, civil rights leader William J. Alston, United States Representative to the Thirty-first Congress Frank Evans, professional baseball player in the Negro Leagues Lucy Hannah, oldest African-American person the second-oldest person from the United States and the world's third oldest person Sean Richardson, safety for the Green Bay Packers Roy Rogers, professional basketball player and coach City of Linden
Linden is a town in and the county seat of Perry County, United States. The population was 1,015 at the 2000 census and 908 at the 2010 showing a loss of 107. Linden was incorporated in 1850. Linden is served by Perry County Airport, located 3.5 miles to the southwest. Linden is located at 35°36′44″N 87°50′30″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.0 square mile, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,015 people, 400 households, 233 families residing in the town; the population density was 1,040.9 people per square mile. There were 461 housing units at an average density of 472.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 93.0%White, 5.52% African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.39% of the population. There were 400 households out of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.0% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.8% were non-families.
37.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 24.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.97. In the town, the age distribution of the population shows 22.6% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 21.3% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, 30.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 76.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 69.8 males. The median income for a household in the town was $25,134, the median income for a family was $31,000. Males had a median income of $24,500 versus $21,063 for females; the per capita income for the town was $19,410. About 16.8% of families and 23.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.5% of those under age 18 and 23.1% of those age 65 or over. Bob Harris – Fort Wayne Pistons and Boston Celtics. Clyde Milan – An outfielder with the Washington Senators from 1907 to 1922. Horace Milan – a Washington Senators baseball player who played outfielder from 1915 to 1917.
Town of Linden Town charter Perry County Chamber of Commerce US election 2016 Did'socialism' save this US town? - BBC News Commodore Hotel Linden