Line 1 (Guangzhou Metro)

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Line 1
 1 
Guangzhou Metro Line 1 train.jpg
Line 1 train near Xilang
Overview
Other name(s) M1 ("" shape plan name)
Zhongshanlu line
(中山路线)
Type Rapid transit
System Guangzhou Metro
Status Operational
Locale Tianhe, Yuexiu, and Liwan districts
Guangzhou, Guangdong
Termini Guangzhou East Railway Station
Xilang
Stations 16
Services 1
Daily ridership 1.04 million (2017 daily average)[1]
2 million (2015 Peak)[2]
Operation
Opened 28 June 1997
Owner City of Guangzhou
Operator(s) Guangzhou Metro Corporation
Character Underground and At-grade
Rolling stock 21 cars Siemens Modular Metro-AEG/Adtranz (original order)
48 Bombardier Movia with CRRC Changchun Railway Vehicles[3]
Technical
Line length 18.5 km (11.50 mi)
Number of tracks 2
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification Overhead lines, 1,500 V DC
Route map

 11  Up arrow anti-clockwise
Future extension
 3  to Airport North
Guangzhou East Railway Station
 3  ( 11   18 )
 11 
Tianhe Sports Center
 3  to Tianhe Coach Terminal
Tiyu Xilu
 3 
 3  to Panyu Square
Yangji
 5 
 5 
Left arrow to Jiaokou
to Wenchong Right arrow
 6  to Xiangxue
Dongshankou
 6 
Martyrs' Park
( 12 )
Peasant Movement Institute
connection to Line 2
Gongyuanqian
 2 
 2 
Left arrow to Jiahewanggang
to Guangzhou South Railway Station Right arrow
Ximenkou
 8 
Left arrow to Baiyun Lake
to Wanshengwei Right arrow
Chen Clan Academy
( 8 )
Changshou Lu
Huangsha
 6 
 6  to Xunfenggang 11 
 19  to Jitang
 11  Left arrow clockwise
Fangcun
( 11   19 )
 19  to Sanshan New Town
Huadiwan
Huadi River
Stream C
Kengkou
Xilang Depot
 Guangfo 
Left arrow to Xincheng Dong
to Lijiao (future) Right arrow
Xilang
 Guangfo  ( 10   22 )
connection to
Guangzhou Steel & Iron Co.
Line 1
Simplified Chinese 广州地铁1号线
Traditional Chinese 廣州地鐵1號線
Cantonese Yale Gwóngjāu Deihtit Yāt Houh Sin

Line 1 of the Guangzhou Metro runs from Xilang to Guangzhou East Railway Station (18.5 km). Apart from Kengkou and Xilang, all stations in Line 1 are underground.[4] The first section, from Xilang to Huangsha, opened on 28 June 1997, making Guangzhou the fourth city in mainland China to have a metro system. The full line started operation two years later on 28 June 1999. Line 1 is coloured yellow.

History[edit]

Line 1 drawn to scale.
  • 1984 - The municipal government set up the Preparation Office of Guangzhou Metro.
  • 14 March 1988 - Chinese and French co-planning team publish four tentative designs of Line 1 and Line 2.
  • 28 December 1993 - Construction of Line 1 officially commenced.
  • 28 June 1997 - Line 1 opened for trial operation.
  • 28 December 1998 - The entire Line 1 was completed.
  • 16 February and 2 March 1999 - The entire line enter sightseeing tour trial operation.
  • 28 June 1999 - The entire line officially enter operation.
Segment Commencement Length Station(s) Name
Xilang — Huangsha 28 June 1997 5.4 km (3.36 mi) 5 (initial section)
Huangsha — Guangzhou East 28 June 1999 13.1 km (8.14 mi) 11 (final section)

Stations[edit]

Station
Station name Connections Distance
km
Location
English Chinese
1 01 Xilang 西朗  Guangfo  0.00 0.00 Liwan
1 02 Kengkou 坑口 1.64 1.64
1 03 Huadiwan 花地湾 1.03 2.67
1 04 Fangcun 芳村 1.35 4.02
1 05 Huangsha 黄沙  6  1.45 5.47
1 06 Changshou Lu 长寿路 0.77 6.24
1 07 Chen Clan Academy 陈家祠 1.16 7.4
1 08 Ximenkou 西门口 1.01 8.41 Yuexiu
1 09 Gongyuanqian 公园前  2  1.02 9.43
1 10 Peasant Movement Institute 农讲所 1.17 10.6
1 11 Martyrs' Park 烈士陵园 1.08 11.68
1 12 Dongshankou 东山口  6  1.07 12.75
1 13 Yangji 杨箕  5  1.41 14.16
1 14 Tiyu Xilu 体育西路  3  Guangzhou Bus Rapid Transit GBRT 1.36 15.52 Tianhe
1 15 Tianhe Sports Center 体育中心 1.04 16.56
1 16 Guangzhou East Railway Station 广州东站  3   GS  Guangzhou East railway station GGQ 1.96 18.52

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.gzmtr.com/ygwm/gsgk/qynb/201806/P020180627541408016222.pdf
  2. ^ 879万人次!2015年最后一天广州地铁客流创历史新高 [8.79 million people! Guangzhou Metro achieved daily ridership record on the last day of 2015] (in Chinese). Nanfang News. 4 January 2016. Retrieved 2015-01-04. 
  3. ^ http://www.railway-technology.com/projects/guangzhou/
  4. ^ Guangzhou Metro Line 1 Archived 2010-03-02 at the Wayback Machine.