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Linear timecode

Linear Timecode is an encoding of SMPTE timecode data in an audio signal, as defined in SMPTE 12M specification. The audio signal is recorded on a VTR track or other storage media; the bits are encoded using the biphase mark code: a 0 bit has a single transition at the start of the bit period. A 1 bit has two transitions, at the middle of the period; this encoding is self-clocking. Each frame is terminated by a'sync word' which has a special predefined sync relationship with any video or film content. A special bit in the linear timecode frame, the biphase mark correction bit, ensures that there are an number of AC transitions in each timecode frame; the sound of linear timecode is a jarring and distinctive noise and has been used as a sound-effects shorthand to imply telemetry or computers. In broadcast video situations, the LTC generator should be tied into house black burst, as should all devices using timecode, to ensure correct color framing and correct synchronization of all digital clocks.

When synchronizing multiple clock-dependent digital devices together with video, such as digital audio recorders, the devices must be connected to a common word clock signal, derived from the house black burst signal. This can be accomplished by using a generator that generates both black burst and video-resolved word clock, or by synchronizing the master digital device to video, synchronizing all subsequent devices to the word clock output of the master digital device. Made up of 80 bits per frame, where there may be 24, 25 or 30 frames per second, LTC timecode varies from 960 Hz to 2400 Hz, thus is comfortably in the audio frequency range. LTC can exist as either a balanced or unbalanced signal, can be treated as an audio signal in regards to distribution. Like audio, LTC can be distributed by standard audio wiring, distribution amplifiers, patchbays, can be ground-isolated with audio transformers, it can be distributed via 75 ohm video cable and video distribution amplifiers, although the voltage attenuation caused by using a 75 ohm system may cause the signal to drop to a level that can not be read by some equipment.

Care has to be taken with analog audio to avoid audible'breakthrough' from the LTC track to the audio tracks. LTC care: Avoid percussive sounds close to LTC Never process an LTC with noise reduction, eq or compressor Allow pre roll and post roll To create negative time code add one hour to time Always put slowest device as a masterLongitudinal SMPTE timecode should be played back at a middle-level when recorded on an audio track, as both low and high levels will introduce distortion; the basic format is an 80-bit code that gives the time of day to the second, the frame number within the second. Values are stored in least significant bit first. There are thirty-two bits of user data used for a reel number and date. Bit 10 is set to 1; this converts 30 frame/second time code to the 29.97 frame/second NTSC standard. Bit 11, the color framing bit, is set to 1; the frame number modulo 2 or modulo 4 should be preserved across cuts in order to avoid phase jumps in the chrominance subcarrier. Bits 27, 43, 59 differ between 25 frame/s time code, other frame rates.:9 The bits are: "Polarity correction bit": this bit is chosen to provide an number of 0 bits in the whole frame, including the sync code.

This keeps the phase of each frame consistent, so it always starts with a rising edge at the beginning of bit 0. This allows seamless splicing of different time codes, lets it be more read with an oscilloscope. "Binary group flag" bits BGF0 and BGF2: these indicate the format of the user bits. Both 0 indicates no format. Only BGF0 set indicates four 8-bit characters; the combinations with BGF2 set are reserved.:7–8 Bit 58, unused in earlier versions of the specification, is now defined as "binary group flag 1" and indicates that the time code is synchronized to an external clock.:7 if zero, the time origin is arbitrary. The sync pattern in bits 64 through 79 includes 12 consecutive 1 bits, which cannot appear anywhere else in the time code. Assuming all user bits are set to 1, the longest run of 1 bits that can appear elsewhere in the time code is 10, bits 9 to 18 inclusive; the sync pattern is preceded by 00 and followed by 01. This is used to determine whether an audio tape is running backward.

Vertical interval timecode Burnt-in timecode MIDI timecode CTL timecode AES-EBU embedded timecode Rewritable consumer timecode VTR Manchester Code Biphase Mark Code LGPL library to en/decode LTC in software

Korg Electribe EM-1

The Korg Electribe EM-1 is a digital synthesizer first produced by Korg in 1999, alongside the EA-1 and ER-1. Korg discontinued production of the EM-1 in 2002 and replaced the model with the Electribe EMX; the EM-1 combines a drum machine and two-part synthesizer with a sequencer. Its design combined elements of the Korg Electribe ER-1 to offer an "all-in-one" groovebox; the Electribe series was noted for its compact size, weighing 1.25 kg and measuring only 300mm x 222mm x 55mm. The synth's sound engine consists of both pitch and rhythmic in nature. Waveform editing capabilities include: volume, envelope, roll-effect, internal effects processing and glide; the filter is a 12 dB/oct low-pass with resonance controls. The onboard sequencer can hold 256 patterns which can be chained together to form a "song". Up to 16 "songs" can be stored in the EM-1's internal memory; the EM-1 was targeted at semi-professional DJs and musicians, but it was adopted by professional musicians and bands, including British techno group The Prodigy, who used it on a number of recordings and live performances.

Although the EM-1 was not supplied with an editing interface for PC or Mac, an aftermarket editor for PC was developed by H. J. Stulgies of German company released as shareware; the editor expanded the speed at which the EM-1 could be programmed. Korg EM-1 Review on VintageSynth.com Korg EM-1 User manual Korg EM-1 Editor

Kendall Baisden

Kendall Baisden is an American track and field sprinter who specializes in the 400-meter dash. She holds a personal record of 50.46 seconds for the distance, set in 2014. She was the double 400 m and 4×400-meter relay champion at both the 2015 Pan American Games and the 2014 World Junior Championships in Athletics. Collegiately she runs for the University of Texas at Austin and has won NCAA relay titles indoors and outdoors. Baisden was born in Michigan to Tina and Anthony Baisden, she attended Detroit Country Day School and was first interested in playing tennis, looking to follow in the footsteps of Serena Williams. It was during tennis practice that her speed was noticed and the coaches recommended she compete in track and field instead, she ran in a range of sprint distances and at state level won three 400-meter dash and two titles in both the 100-meter dash and 200-meter dash. She showed her skill at national level, placing in the top three of the 200 m at the 2007 AAU Junior Olympic Games at the age of twelve.

A National Junior Olympic double in the short sprints followed in 2009, with her runs of 11.73 seconds and 23.69 seconds being American records for the age group. Baisden began to progress more in the longer sprint in the 2010, taking the under-16s Junior Olympic title and the national junior title over 400 m, her time of 52.59 seconds that season placed her among the world's top young sprinters that year. Focusing more on the 400 m in 2011, she was runner-up at the national youth trials and went on to place sixth individually at the 2011 World Youth Championships in Athletics, as well as take her first international medal in the sprint medley relay. Third place at the 2012 USA Junior Championships brought Baisden a place in the relay at the World Junior Championships. At the competition in Barcelona the American team were disqualified in the heats, but were given a second opportunity to qualify after a protest and a team of Baisden, Erika Rucker, Olivia Ekpone and Ashley Spencer went on to win the gold medals.

In 2013, she improved her best to 52.03 seconds while placing second at the national junior championships and won her first individual international medal at the 2013 Pan American Junior Athletics Championships, coming runner-up behind Courtney Okolo before taking the relay gold with her teammate. Baisden enrolled at the University of Texas at Austin in late 2013, majoring in business, began training with the Texas Longhorns collegiate team, she became a key member of the track team, being a 200 m and 400 m finalist at the Big 12 Conference indoor meet in 2014, helping Texas to runner-up in the relay at the event. At the 2014 NCAA Division I Indoor Track and Field Championships she ranked fifth in the 400 m and, at 3:27.42 minutes, set the second fastest indoor 4×400 m relay time for college athletes, although the team of Briana Nelson, Okolo and Spencer were beaten by the Oregon Ducks team. The Big 12 Conference Outdoor Championships saw Baisden score points in four events for Texas: she was a winner in both the 4×100-meter relay and 4×400 m relay, was runner-up in the 400 m, fourth in the 200 m.

Her time of 50.46 seconds in the 400 m was a personal best and the fastest by a junior athlete that year. This marked her rise into a senior standard athlete, as she placed eighth overall on the global rankings for women's 400 m for 2014. In her debut at the competition, Baisden took third place in the 400 m at the 2014 NCAA Division I Outdoor Track and Field Championships, beaten only by teammate Okolo and Phyllis Francis of Oregon, she teamed up with Okolo to help Texas to the 4×400 m relay collegiate title – the time of 3:24.21 minutes set by Nelson, Morolake Akinosun and Okolo was a record for the NCAA Women's Division I Outdoor Track and Field Championships and the second fastest recorded by a collegiate team at that point. It was the eighth fastest time that season by any team. Baisden teamed up with Akinsun and Morgan Snow to claim third in the NCAA 4×100 m relay. Baisden entered the 2014 USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships, but was disqualified in the first round, she won her first national junior title and followed this with individual and relay gold medals at the 2014 World Junior Championships in Athletics.

At the start of 2015, she won the Big 12 indoor titles in relay. She sank to eighth in the Big 12 outdoor final, but was fifth in the 200 m and won both the relay titles. At the 2015 NCAA Division I Indoor Track and Field Championships she won the relay title and ranked twelfth individually, she led the Texas women's sprint team at the 2015 NCAA Division I Outdoor Track and Field Championships, taking runner-up spot in the 400 m behind Kala Funderburk. A team of Melissa Gonzalez, Baisden and Spencer placed only eighth in the NCAA 4×400 m relay, but Baisden had more success in the 4×100 m, placing fourth alongside Snow and Shania Collins. After the end of the college season she ran at the 2015 USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships and appeared to be among the top contenders after qualifying for the final with a run of 50.50 seconds. She was over two seconds slower in the final and placed seventh. Still, her performances that year gained her a debut international senior appearance as part of the United States team for the 2015 Pan American Games.

With a run of 51.27 seconds in the 400 m final she became the first American champion in the event in 36 years after Sharon Dabney's 1979 win. Baisden teamed up with the invidual runner-up Shakima Wimbley, as well as Shamier Little and Kyra Jefferson, to beat the Jamaican women to the 4×400 m relay gold medals. Outdoor100-meter dash –

Jiang Zhaohe

Jiang Zhaohe, or Chiang Chao-ho, was a Chinese artist who played a leading role in the modernization of Chinese painting. At the beginning of the 20th century, he incorporated elements of western painting to portray the great changes in Chinese culture, his work reflects his concern over the cruel realities of life and people's sorrows and differs from the work of artists who showed an indifference towards social reality. Jiang was born at Lu county in Sichuan in 1904. Jiang Zhaohe's great-grandfather and the whole family had moved into Lu county of Sichuan from Ma Cheng, he was the only boy born to his generation in the family. The other children in his generation were all girls; because his generation name was Wan ,his father named him Jiang Wansui。 He lost his parents when he was 13 years old and afterward he looked after his little sisters. He was a designer and painter in his early career, however, he became an artist who combined Chinese brush and ink painting with western painting using shading rather than traditional line in his portraits and figure studies.

He had no formal art education. In 1929, he exhibited in the National Art Exhibition in Nanjing, he taught at the Central Academy of the Fine Arts. He was elected as the member of the Chinese Artists Association, he was elected as the consultant and member of China Federation of Literature together with the Institute of Chinese Painting Fellows. Jiang created a number of famous works, including "Good Friend ", "Victims"(牺牲者), "Cai Ting"(蔡廷),and "Girl", his work, "Du Fu", gained the Reputation Reward. His most famous and influential work, however, is "Refugees", his works describe the cruelty of society. They shocked society at the difficult time of the Japanese occupation and used a realistic style to portray that dark, hard time, his works are collected in the Painting Collection of Jiang Zhaohe and the National Art Museum of China He published books on painting skills and methods of teaching painting. For example, "Problems in Teaching Chinese Figure Painting", " On Drawing Education in Chinese Painting", "The Rules of Chinese Ink Figure Painting", others.

Jiang Jiaohe was one of the most important painters in the introduction of chiaroscuro and western style figure and portraiture to Chinese brush and ink painting. His shared with Xu Beihong a firm commitment to realism and a social consciousness that found powerful expression in his art. In 1925 Jiang created his first painting "黄包车夫的家庭". In the Autumn of 1927 he met Xu Beihong in a friend's home and they established a long lasting friendship. In 1928 he was appointed by Li Yi to teach design at the Education School of Nanjing Central University. In 1930 Jiang transferred to Shanghai Art School as the Drawing Professor. In 1937 he held an exhibition of his latest works in Beiping. In 1943 he exhibited his great scroll painting Refugees, but the exhibition was closed down the next day by Japanese occupation forces. In 1947 Xu Beihong appointed him Professor in the Beiping Art School. In 1950, he was appointed as a Professor in the Central Academy of Fine Art. Https://scholar.google.com.hk/scholar?hl=en&safe=active&client=aff-cs-360se-channel&hs=Qgn&channel=bookmark&q=%E8%92%8B%E5%85%86%E5%92%8C&gs_sm=si&gs_upl=3028l3028l0l6242l1l1l0l0l0l0l200l200l2-1l1l0&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.cf.osb&biw=1366&bih=585&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&tab=ws http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10729-2007128120.htm Biography of Jiang Zhaohe http://image.baidu.com/i?tn=baiduimage&ct=201326592&lm=-1&cl=2&word=%BD%AF%D5%D7%BA%CD%CD%BC%CF%F1

Salle Érard

The salle Érard is a music venue located in Paris, 13 rue du Mail in the 2nd arrondissement of Paris. It is part of the hôtel particulier which belonged, from the 18th century, to the Érard family of piano and harpsichord manufacturers. Small in size, but well isolated from the noises of the city, enjoying good acoustics, it is more adapted to chamber music. During the 19th and the beginning of the 20th, it was the place of premières and debuts noted for both compositions and for interpreters, among which: Érik Satie, Jacques Ibert, les histoires, Nellie Melba, Ricardo Viñes, Maurice Ravel, Menuet antique, Histoires naturelles with Jane Bathori, Sonate pour violon et piano, Trois poèmes de Mallarmé, Camille Saint-Saens. Ignacy Jan Paderewski, Claude Debussy, Triptyque Estampes, Le Promenoir des deux amants, Alexander Scriabin, Joseph Jongen, André Caplet, Conte fantastique with Micheline Kahn as the harpist, Vladimir de Pachmann, Charles Valentin Alkan and, Francis Poulenc, Reynaldo Hahn, pianist Édouard Risler, Ernest Chausson, Viviane, César Franck, Le Chasseur maudit, Arthur Honegger, Le Cahier romand, Olivier Messiaen, Huit préludes, Maurice Delage, Sept haï-kaïs, Quatre poèmes hindous, Francis Planté,Stéphan Elmas ou Youra Guller.

Before the construction of the Maison de la Radio, the hall served as a recording studio for the Radiodiffusion française. Nowadays, only the salon sees the organization of concerts, the volumes of the proper room having been reconverted, it remains prized for its acoustics and its past charged with both musical and artistic history. Société Nationale de Musique Salle Érard on YouTube La Salle Érard a besoin de nous La Salle Érard on France Musique La Salle Érard, panorama on abcsalles.com

1994–95 Montreal Canadiens season

The 1994–95 Montreal Canadiens season was the team's 86th season of play. For the first time since the 1969–70 season, the Canadiens failed to qualify for the Stanley Cup playoffs. In the 1994 NHL Entry Draft, the Canadiens selected defenceman Brad Brown with their first-round pick, 18th overall; the Canadiens were more fortunate with their second-round pick, selecting Jose Theodore 44th overall. In August 1994, captain Guy Carbonneau was traded to the St. Louis Blues. Kirk Muller was named his replacement as captain; the season started and was abbreviated by a lockout of the players by the NHL owners. The Canadiens played only 48 games, it was a forgettable season for the Canadiens and their fans, as the team missed the playoffs for the first time in 25 years. The Canadiens only won 3 of 24 games on the road. Gone at the season's debut were members of the formidable 1992–93 Stanley Cup champion team, including Guy Carbonneau, Kevin Haller, Stephan Lebeau and Denis Savard. On February 9, more players from the 1992–93 team departed, as Eric Desjardins, Gilbert Dionne and John LeClair were traded to the Philadelphia Flyers in exchange for Mark Recchi.

Another major trade nearly two months on April 5 would send Craig Darby, Mathieu Schneider and fan favourite Kirk Muller to the New York Islanders in exchange for Vladimir Malakhov and Pierre Turgeon. The team subsequently named forward Mike Keane as its new captain. After a 7–5–4 start, Montreal won only 11 of its final 32 games, going 11–18–3, it was the first and only season of goaltender Patrick Roy's NHL playing career in which he lost more games than he won, his only season of his NHL playing career that he did not make the playoffs. The Canadiens tied the Florida Panthers and the Ottawa Senators for the fewest shorthanded goals scored during the regular season with one; the Canadiens did not qualify for the playoffs for the first time since the 1969-70 season, ending a 25-year playoff streak. ScoringGoaltending February 9, 1995: Montreal traded John LeClair, Eric Desjardins and Gilbert Dionne to the Philadelphia Flyers in exchange for Mark Recchi and Philadelphia's third-round pick in the 1995 NHL Entry Draft (used to select.

LeClair gelled with new Flyers line-mate Eric Lindros and became one of the NHL's most feared goal-scorers. April 5, 1995: Montreal acquired Pierre Turgeon and Vladimir Malakhov from the New York Islanders in exchange for Kirk Muller, Mathieu Schneider and Craig Darby. 1994–95 NHL season Canadiens on Hockey Database Canadiens on NHL Reference