Sotira is a town in the Famagusta District of Cyprus, west of Paralimni. In 2011, it had a population of 5,474. Onisilos Sotira, the town's football club
Achna is an abandoned village in the Famagusta District of Cyprus. It is just north of the Buffer Zone and it is under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus. After the 1974 Turkish invasion, its displaced inhabitants built a new village nearby. Achna is known for its football club, Ethnikos Achna FC. Ethnikos Achna won the UEFA Intertoto Cup in 2006; the inhabitants of Achna built a provisional tent village in the Achna forest, some hundred meters away from their old village, started to build a new village, Dasaki Achnas, near the old location, within the confines of the Dhekelia Sovereign Base Area. Dasaki Achnas' population in 2011 was 2,087
Frenaros is a village on the Greek side of the Famagusta District in Cyprus. In 2011, it had a population of 4,298; the village was named after the Lusignan monks that lived in the nearby monastery of Panagia of Hortakion, who were called Fremenors, has two churches that date back to the 12th century. The village itself dates back to the Neolithic period, evidenced by residues discovered by Swedish archeologist Einar Gjerstad in 1925; the earliest known mention of the village was in the 15th century, where it was referred as "Apanao Frenaro" and "Cato Frenaro", suggesting that the village once used to be divided into two separate parts. Eleftheria Eleftheriou and actress Elias Kouloumis, composer, lute player British pathe newsreel from 1955, featuring Frenaros Official community website
Akanthou is a village in Famagusta District, on the northern coast of Cyprus. Akanthou is under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus; as of 2011, it had a population of 1,459. The first settlement that can be linked with the modern-day Akanthou was in the Kouphes area, 2 miles to the northwest of Akanthou. Akanthou was established between the 7th and the 10th century at the place where the river passing through the village meets the sea. Following the Mamluk Arab raids in Cyprus, the coastal location was abandoned and the village moved to its present-day inland location; the name Akanthou, according to local tradition, comes from the name of a thorny bush present in the area, said to have provided protection for a beautiful woman, who the Arab sailors tried to take captive. Akanthou was recorded to be under the fiefdom of a nobleman called Sir John Gorap in 1385, it was the place of landing for Ottoman troops under Çıfıtoğlu Ahmet Pasha that came to Cyprus to suppress the rebellion headed by Boyacıoğlu Mehmet Agha against Ottoman rule between 1680 and 1687/88.
General Louis Palma di Cesnola wrote in 1877. Around 2 million halloumis were produced each year in the caves around the village and exported to cities abroad such as Smyrna, Port Said and Alexandria. Çiftlikdüzü - the Neolithic site could be the earliest settlement in Cyprus. Since 1998, the site has been excavated by archaeologists from TÜBİTAK and the Cyprus International University, it is dated to 8400 BC. The inhabitants were hunter-gatherers and circular adobe houses, as well as a small number of human bones, are among the artifacts found in the excavations. Ancient city of Pergamon - the city is located 5 km to the east of Akanthou, between the rivers Trodia and Lukkos, it was established as a colony by the inhabitants of Pergamon in Asia Minor following the Trojan War. The city survived for over a millennium, it was struck by pirate raids, a tunnel was constructed that provided a way of escape to the sea. The raids were associated with mass rape of women and plunder, the raiders would take away the women and the animals.
The city was abandoned due to such a raid and the inhabitants moved to Akanthou. Church of Panagia Pergaminiotisa in Pergamon - this was a large Byzantine church with three naves and three apses, but was destroyed in an earthquake or due to Arab raids in the 7th century; the present-day church was built in the 12th century. Its walls were filled with ornate frescoes, but these were stolen following the Turkish invasion in 1974; the church was restored in 2009. The village was predominantly populated by Greek Cypriots according to census data; the 1831 census, recorded the adult male population as 10 Turkish Cypriots and 163 Greek Cypriots. Around 1300 Greek Cypriots were displaced from the village following the Turkish invasion of Cyprus in 1974; the village was chosen as the place of resettlement for the displaced Turkish Cypriots of Mari, but only 100 were resettled in the village as they insisted on being closer to the cities. The village was renamed Tatlısu in 1975 after the Turkish name of Mari.
The rest of the village was repopulated by Turkish farmers who were settled from areas such as Konya, Araklı, Osmaniye, Çaykara, Kahramanmaraş and Gaziantep. In the 21st century, following the construction boom in Northern Cyprus, a number of Turkish Cypriots and Europeans brought property in the village; the town is administered by the Turkish Cypriot Tatlısu Municipality, founded in 1975. The current mayor is A. Hayri Orçan from the Democratic Party. In 2014, a new town hall was inaugurated. Turkish Cypriot Tatlısu Sports Club was founded in 1950, now in Cyprus Turkish Football Association K-PET 2nd League. Akanthou is twinned with: Tarsus, Turkey Sumqayit, Azerbaijan Altınova, Turkey www.tatlisubelediyesi.org
Davlos is a village in Cyprus, located on the northern coast, east of Kyrenia, near Kantara Castle. It is under de facto control of Northern Cyprus
Gialousa is a town in Cyprus, located on the Karpas Peninsula. Situated de jure in the Famagusta District of the Republic of Cyprus, Gialousa is under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus, serving as a sub-district in the İskele District. In 2011, Gialousa had a population of 1,774. In 1960, the town had 2,538 inhabitants, of whom only one was Turkish Cypriot, the rest being Greek Cypriot. In 1973 the population was all Greek Cypriots; when the Turkish and Turkish Cypriot forces reached the town during the Turkish invasion of Cyprus in August 1974, the Greek inhabitants could not move to the south of the island, controlled by the Republic of Cyprus. They left the village because of restrictions on freedom of movement and education, to reunite with family members who were taken as prisoners and ended up in the southern portion of the island after they were returned. In 1976, displaced Turkish Cypriots from the Kokkina exclave were resettled in the village, it was renamed "Yeni Erenköy". Yialousa is twinned with: Sincan, Turkey
Famagusta is a city on the east coast of Cyprus. It possesses the deepest harbour of the island. During the medieval period, Famagusta was the island's most important port city and a gateway to trade with the ports of the Levant, from where the Silk Road merchants carried their goods to Western Europe; the old walled city and parts of the modern city presently fall within the de facto Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus in Gazimağusa District, of which it is the capital. In antiquity, the town was known as Arsinoe, after Arsinoe II of Egypt, was mentioned by that name by Strabo. In Greek it is called Ammochostos, meaning "hidden in sand"; this name developed into Famagusta, used in Western European languages, to its Turkish name, Mağusa. In Turkish, the city is called Gazimağusa; the old town is nicknamed "the city of 365 churches" owing to a legend that at its peak, Famagusta boasted one church for each day of the year. The city was founded around 274 BC, after the serious damage to Salamis by an earthquake, by Ptolemy II Philadelphus and named "Arsinoe" after his sister.
Arsinoe was described as a "fishing town" by Strabo in his Geographica in the first century BC. It remained a small fishing village for a long time; as a result of the gradual evacuation of Salamis due to the Arab invasion led by Muawiyah I, it developed into a small port. The turning point for Famagusta was 1192 with the onset of Lusignan rule, it was during this period. It increased in importance to the Eastern Mediterranean due to its natural harbour and the walls that protected its inner town, its population began to increase. This development accelerated in the 13th century as the town became a centre of commerce for both the East and West. An influx of Christian refugees fleeing the downfall of Acre in Palestine transformed it from a tiny village into one of the richest cities in Christendom. In 1372 the port was seized in 1489 by Venice; this commercial activity turned Famagusta into a place where merchants and ship owners led lives of luxury. The belief that people's wealth could be measured by the churches they built inspired these merchants to have churches built in varying styles.
These churches, which still exist, were the reason Famagusta came to be known as "the district of churches". The development of the town focused on the social lives of the wealthy people and was centred upon the Lusignan palace, the Cathedral, the Square and the harbour. In 1570–1571, Famagusta was the last stronghold in Venetian Cyprus to hold out against the Turks under Mustafa Pasha, it resisted a siege of thirteen months and a terrible bombardment, until at last the garrison surrendered. The Ottoman forces had lost 50,000 men, including Mustafa Pasha's son. Although the surrender terms had stipulated that the Venetian forces be allowed to return home, the Venetian commander, Marco Antonio Bragadin, was flayed alive, his lieutenant Tiepolo was hanged, many other Christians were killed. With the advent of the Ottoman rule, Latins lost their privileged status in Famagusta and were expelled from the city. Greek Cypriots were at first allowed to own and buy property in the city, but were banished from the walled city in 1573-74 and had to settle outside in the area that developed into Varosha.
Turkish families from Anatolia were resettled in the walled city but could not fill the buildings that hosted a population of 10,000. This caused a drastic decrease in the population of Famagusta. Merchants from Famagusta, who consisted of Latins, expelled, resettled in Larnaca and as Larnaca flourished, Famagusta lost its importance as a trade centre. Over time, Varosha developed into a prosperous agricultural town thanks to its location away from the marshes, whilst the walled city remained dilapidated. In the walled city, some buildings were repurposed to serve the interests of the Muslim population: the Cathedral of St. Nicholas was converted to a mosque, a bazaar was developed, public baths, fountains and a theological school were built to accommodate the inhabitants' needs. Dead end streets, an Ottoman urban characteristic, was imported to the city and a communal spirit developed in which a small number of two-storey houses inhabited by the small upper class co-existed with the widespread one-storey houses.
With the British takeover, Famagusta regained its significance as a port and an economic centre and its development was targeted in British plans. As soon as the British took over the island, a Famagusta Development Act was passed that aimed at the reconstruction and redevelopment of the city's streets and dilapidated buildings as well as better hygiene; the port was developed and expanded between 1903 and 1906 and Cyprus Government Railway, with its terminus in Famagusta, started construction in 1904. Whilst Larnaca continued to be used as the main port of the island for some time, after Famagusta's use as a military base in World War I trade shifted to Famagusta; the city outside the walls grew at an accelerated rate, with development being centred around Varosha. Varosha became the administrative centre as the British moved their headquarters and residences there and tourism grew in the last years of the British rule. Pottery and production of citrus and potatoes significantly grew in the c