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Liophis is a former genus of New World colubrid snakes.[1] They have a wide range of nondescript and local names, among these "water snakes", "mapepires", "corals" or "racers".

Taxonomy and systematics[edit]

The status of the genus Liophis on the mainland of South America is highly uncertain, and some authorities assign some species to the genera Dromicus, Erythrolamprus, Leimadophis, Lygophis, and Philodryas. Others consider Dromicus and Leimadophis to be synonyms of Liophis.[2]


  1. ^ Dixon JR (1980). The Neotropical colubrid snake genus Liophis: The generic concept. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Milwaukee Public Museum. 40 pp. ISBN 089326055X (paperback).
  2. ^ Freiberg M (1982). Snakes of South America. Hong Kong: T.F.H. Publications. 189 pp. ISBN 0-87666-912-7. ("Note" on pp. 94-95).

Further reading[edit]

  • Wagler J (1830). Natürliches System der Amphibien, mit vorangehender Classification des Säugthiere und Vögel. Ein Beitrag zur vergleichenden Zoologie. Munich, Stuttgart and Tübingen: J.G. Cotta. vi + 354 pp. + one plate. (Liophis, new genus, pp. 187–188). (in German and Latin).