Abner Smith Lipscomb
Abner Smith Lipscomb was an American and Texan lawyer and judge. He was appointed Secretary of State for the Republic of Texas under the administration of President Mirabeau B. Lamar. Lipscomb studied law in the office of John C. Calhoun and passed the bar in 1810. In 1811, he began practice in St. Stephens, Alabama He served in the Alabama territorial legislature in 1818 and became a circuit judge in 1819 when Alabama was admitted to statehood; when Chief Justice Clement Clay of the Alabama Supreme Court resigned in 1823, Lipscomb was chosen to be the next Chief Justice. The court was reorganized in 1832. Lipscomb served a term in the Alabama state legislature in 1838, he married in April 13, 1813, at St. Stephens to Elizabeth Gaines, sister of Ann Lawrence Gaines who married their cousin, Col. George Strother Gaines. Col. Gaines' nephew, Hon. Francis Strother Lyon began the study of law while working for Abner Smith Lipscomb in his office in St. Stephens. In 1839 Lipscomb established a law practice in Brenham.
He was Secretary of State under President Lamar from January 31, 1840, to December 13, 1840. Lipscomb was a member of the Convention of 1845, he was appointed an associate justice of the Texas Supreme Court in 1846 by Governor James Pinckney Henderson. As he was elected in 1851 and re-elected in 1856, he continued in this post until November 1856, he taught Law courses at Baylor University from 1849 to 1856. Lipscomb died in Austin and was buried in the State Cemetery. Lipscomb County and its county seat of Lipscomb, are named in honor of him. Abner S. Lipscomb, Second Chief Justice, web page at the Alabama Department of Archives & History. Abner S. Lipscomb, bio at the Baylor University law school web page. Lipscomb, Abner Smith, entry in the Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas at Austin
Ochiltree County, Texas
Ochiltree County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 10,223; the county seat is Perryton. The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1889. and is named for William Beck Ochiltree, the Attorney General of the Republic of Texas. It was one of 30 prohibition or dry counties in the state of Texas. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 918 square miles, of which 918 square miles is land and 0.5 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 83 State Highway 15 State Highway 70 Texas County, Oklahoma Beaver County, Oklahoma Lipscomb County Roberts County Hansford County Hemphill County As of the census of 2000, there were 9,006 people, 3,261 households, 2,488 families residing in the county; the population density was 10 people per square mile. There were 3,769 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 86.2 percent White, 0.13 percent Black or African American, 0.94 percent Native American, 0.39 percent Asian, 0.01 percent Pacific Islander, 10.28 percent from other races, 2.04 percent from two or more races.
13.79 percent of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. In terms of ancestry, 11.3% were of German, 10.3% were of Irish, 6.3% were of English, 5.4% were of American, 1.5% were of Dutch, 1.5% were of Polish. There were 3,261 households, of which 40.9 had children under the age of 18, 64 percent were married couples living together, 7.9 percent had a female householder with no husband present, 23.7 percent were non-families. Of unmarried partner households, 89.5 percent were heterosexual, 6.3 percent were same-sex male, 4.2 percent were same-sex female. Twenty-one percent of all households were made up of individuals and 9.30 percent had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.18. In the county, the population was spread out with 30.6 percent under the age of 18, 8.4 percent from 18 to 24, 28.7 percent from 25 to 44, 20.7 percent from 45 to 64, 11.7 percent who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years.
For every 100 females there were 99.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.9 males. The median income for a household in the county was $38,013, the median income for a family was $45,565. Males had a median income of $31,558 versus $19,890 for females, indicating a high level of income inequality based on gender; the per capita income for the county was $16,707. Thirteen percent of the population and 9.8 percent of families were below the poverty line. Those making less than $25,000 per year comprised 32.2 percent of the population, while 1.9 percent made more than $150,000, according to the 2000 census. 17.5 percent of the population made less than $15,000 per year, while 6.06 percent made more than $100,000. Since the 1950s, Ochiltree has been an overwhelmingly Republican county; the last Democrat to carry the county has been Harry S. Truman in 1948, although Truman won 73.06 percent of the county's vote, this is more than twice the proportion any Democratic candidate has won in the subsequent seventeen presidential elections – Texan Lyndon Johnson did not reach 35 percent in his 1964 landslide, when Ochiltree was Goldwater’s strongest Texas county.
Indeed, Jimmy Carter in 1976 was the last Democrat to win twenty percent of the county’s vote, the last to reach so much as ten percent was Bill Clinton in 1996. In 2004, Ochiltree County 91.5 percent of voters voted for George W. Bush, while 8 percent voted for John Kerry. Two people voted for Michael Badnarik; this is tied for the second-highest percentage of votes Bush received for any county in the US, it is the highest percentage during the 2004 election. In 2008, 91.7% of voters supported Senator John McCain, whereas only 7.8% of voters supported Senator Barack Obama. Presidential elections indicate a strong sense of support for the Republican party, it lost the title of most Republican county in the United States to Texas. Of the population aged 25 and older, 14.6 percent did not have a high school diploma, while the 12.9 statewide are without a high school diploma. Twenty-seven percent of the county claimed that a high school diploma was their highest level of educational attainment, compared with 24.8 percent statewide.
The Allen Campus of Frank Phillips College is located in Perryton. Perryton Booker Farnsworth Huntoon Ochiltree Waka Ochiltree County is the setting for the Hank the Cowdog series of children's books, in the unincorporated city of Twitchell. Dry counties List of museums in the Texas Panhandle National Register of Historic Places listings in Ochiltree County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Ochiltree County Ochiltree County government’s website Ochiltree County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas Ochiltree County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties
Hemphill County, Texas
Hemphill County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 3,807; the county seat and only incorporated community in the county is Canadian. The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1887, it is named for a judge and Confederate congressman. Hemphill County is one of six prohibition, or dry, counties in the state of Texas. For the 200 years leading up to 1875, nomadic Indian tribes representing the Apache, Comanche and others roamed the Panhandle following the huge buffalo herds. In search for an alternate route to California through Santa Fe, New Mexico, Josiah Gregg, Captain Randolph B. Marcy surveyed trails; the 1874–75 Red River War was an effort by the United States Army to force the Indians of the Southern Plains to move to Indian Territory in present-day Oklahoma. Two major battles took place in what would become Hemphill County: the Battle of Lyman’s Wagon Train and the Battle of Buffalo Wallow. On April 12, 1879, Wheeler County became the first organized county in the Panhandle, with 14 other unorganized counties attached to it, one of, Hemphill County.
Hemphill County was organized in July 1887. On July 4, 1888, the first rodeo in Texas and the world was held on the Main Street of Canadian, Texas, it began as a competition among some of the larger ranches in the area the annual Fourth of July Rodeo continues in present times. An emphasis on ecotourism, taking advantage of the landscape and habitat, has diversified the economy of Hemphill County. In 1886, the Southern Kansas Railway Company, a Santa Fe subsidiary, began to build a rail line into the Panhandle of Texas; the tracks entered Hemphill County during 1887 and further encouraged settlement in the area, creating three town sites: Mendota and Glazier. In 1907, Canadian was designated a division point by the Santa Fe, a factor which brought diversification to the ranching economy of the area; the Santa Fe influence would remain strong until the mid-1950s when the railway moved its employees to Amarillo. Meanwhile, Hemphill County was the midway point of two smaller lines, the Clinton and Western Railroad Company and the Clinton-Oklahoma-Western Railroad Company of Texas, which by the late 1920s, collectively linked Clinton, with Pampa, Texas.
During the 1970s, the county grew due to a rapid expansion of oil production. Though oil was discovered in the county in 1955, production remained small because the technology had not yet progressed to efficiently capture the deep reserves known to exist. By 1974, oil production had reached 999,000 barrels and more than 1,891,000 bbl in 1978. In 2000, about 505,000 bbl of oil and more than 8 billion cubic feet of natural gas were produced in the county, but the future looked bright. Nahim Abraham and his son, Tom Abraham, immigrants from Lebanon, operated for many years The Fair Store, a department store in Canadian which became regionally known for its high-quality merchandise. Tom Abraham worked to assist immigrants in becoming American citizens and in 1980 won a national award from Freedoms Foundation. Tom Abraham's younger brother, Malouf Abraham, Sr. was a wealthy oil and natural gas developer and philanthropist who served as mayor of Canadian from 1953 to 1957 and in the Texas House of Representatives from 1967 to 1971.
Malouf Abraham, Jr. is a patron of the arts. He has reconstructed a 14,000-square-foot former Baptist church in Canadian into an art museum known as "Citadel Garden." Malouf, Jr. and his wife, the former Therese Browne of Mount Airy, North Carolina, the mayor of Canadian from 1981 to 1991, have three sons, a part of the fourth generation of Abrahams in Canadian. Eddie Abraham is a cattle-calf rancher. Salem Abraham is a futures trader. Jason Abraham operates a large horse ranch. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 912 square miles, of which 906 square miles is land and 5.9 square miles is covered by water. U. S. Highway 60 U. S. Highway 83 State Highway 33 Lipscomb County Ellis County, Oklahoma Roger Mills County, Oklahoma Wheeler County Roberts County Gray County Black Kettle National Grassland As of the census of 2000, 3,351 people, 1,280 households, 948 families resided in the county; the population density was four people per square mile. The 1,548 housing units averaged two per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 87.65% White, 1.55% Black or African American, 0.72% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 8.48% from other races, 1.31% from two or more races. About 15.6% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 1,280 households, 32.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.20% were married couples living together, 5.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.90% were not families. About 24.40% of all households were made up of individuals, 12.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.98. In the county, the population was distributed as 28.00% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 25.30% from 25 to 44, 25.40% from 45 to 64, 14.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $35,456, for a family was $42,036.
Males had a median income of $31,154 versus $19,423 for female
Time in the United States
Time in the United States, by law, is divided into nine standard time zones covering the states and its possessions, with most of the United States observing daylight saving time for the spring and fall months. The time zone boundaries and DST observance are regulated by the Department of Transportation. Official and precise timekeeping services are provided by two federal agencies: the National Institute of Standards and Technology; the clocks run by these services are kept synchronized with each other as well as with those of other international timekeeping organizations. It is the combination of the time zone and daylight saving rules, along with the timekeeping services, which determines the legal civil time for any U. S. location at any moment. Before the adoption of four standard time zones for the continental United States, many towns and cities set their clocks to noon when the sun passed their local meridian, pre-corrected for the equation of time on the date of observation, to form local mean solar time.
Noon occurred at different times but time differences between distant locations were noticeable prior to the 19th century because of long travel times and the lack of long-distance instant communications prior to the development of the telegraph. The use of local solar time became awkward as railways and telecommunications improved. American railroads maintained many different time zones during the late 1800s; each train station set its own clock making it difficult to coordinate train schedules and confusing passengers. Time calculation became a serious problem for people traveling by train, according to the Library of Congress; every city in the United States used a different time standard so there were more than 300 local sun times to choose from. Time zones were therefore a compromise, relaxing the complex geographic dependence while still allowing local time to be approximate with mean solar time. Railroad managers tried to address the problem by establishing 100 railroad time zones, but this was only a partial solution to the problem.
Weather service chief Cleveland Abbe had needed to introduce four standard time zones for his weather stations, an idea which he offered to the railroads. Operators of the new railroad lines needed a new time plan that would offer a uniform train schedule for departures and arrivals. Four standard time zones for the continental United States were introduced at noon on November 18, 1883, when the telegraph lines transmitted time signals to all major cities. In October 1884, the International Meridian Conference at Washington DC adopted a proposal which stated that the prime meridian for longitude and timekeeping should be one that passes through the centre of the transit instrument at the Greenwich Observatory in the United Kingdom; the conference therefore established the Greenwich Meridian as the prime meridian and Greenwich Mean Time as the world's time standard. The US time-zone system grew from this, in which all zones referred back to GMT on the prime meridian. In 1960, the International Radio Consultative Committee formalized the concept of Coordinated Universal Time, which became the new international civil time standard.
UTC is, within about 1 second, mean solar time at 0°. UTC does not observe daylight saving time. For most purposes, UTC is considered interchangeable with GMT, but GMT is no longer defined by the scientific community. UTC is one of several related successors to GMT. Standard time zones in the United States are defined at the federal level by law 15 USC §260; the federal law establishes the transition dates and times at which daylight saving time occurs, if observed. It is the authority of the Secretary of Transportation, in coordination with the states, to determine which regions will observe which of the standard time zones and if they will observe daylight saving time; as of August 9, 2007, the standard time zones are defined in terms of hourly offsets from UTC. Prior to this they were based upon the mean solar time at several meridians 15° apart west of Greenwich. Only the full-time zone names listed below are official. View the standard time zone boundaries here; the United States uses nine standard time zones.
As defined by US law they are: From east to west, the four time zones of the contiguous United States are: Eastern Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Atlantic coast and the eastern two thirds of the Ohio Valley. Central Time Zone, which comprises the Gulf Coast, Mississippi Valley, most of the Great Plains. Mountain Time Zone, which comprises the states and portions of states that include the Rocky Mountains and the western quarter of the Great Plains. Pacific Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Pacific coast, plus Nevada and the Idaho panhandle. Alaska Time Zone, which comprises most of the state of Alaska. Hawaii-Aleutian Time Zone, which includes Hawaii and most of the length of the Aleutian Islands chain. Samoa Time Zone, which comprises American Samoa. Chamorro Time Zone, which comprises Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. Atlantic Time Zone, which comprises Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands; some United States Minor Outlying Islands are outside the time zones defined by 15 U.
S. C. § exist in waters defined by Nautical time. In practice, military crews may
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
Germans are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe, who share a common German ancestry and history. German is the shared mother tongue of a substantial majority of ethnic Germans; the English term Germans has referred to the German-speaking population of the Holy Roman Empire since the Late Middle Ages. Since the outbreak of the Protestant Reformation within the Holy Roman Empire, German society has been characterized by a Catholic-Protestant divide. Of 100 million native speakers of German in the world 80 million consider themselves Germans. There are an additional 80 million people of German ancestry in the United States, Argentina, South Africa, the post-Soviet states, France, each accounting for at least 1 million. Thus, the total number of Germans lies somewhere between 100 and more than 150 million, depending on the criteria applied. Today, people from countries with German-speaking majorities most subscribe to their own national identities and may or may not self-identify as ethnically German.
The German term Deutsche originates from the Old High German word diutisc, referring to the Germanic "language of the people". It is not clear how if at all, the word was used as an ethnonym in Old High German. Used as a noun, ein diutscher in the sense of "a German" emerges in Middle High German, attested from the second half of the 12th century; the Old French term alemans is taken from the name of the Alamanni. It was loaned into Middle English as almains in the early 14th century; the word Dutch is attested in English from the 14th century, denoting continental West Germanic dialects and their speakers. While in most Romance languages the Germans have been named from the Alamanni, the Old Norse and Estonian names for the Germans were taken from that of the Saxons. In Slavic languages, the Germans were given the name of němьci with a meaning "foreigner, one who does not speak "; the English term Germans is only attested from the mid-16th century, based on the classical Latin term Germani used by Julius Caesar and Tacitus.
It replaced Dutch and Almains, the latter becoming obsolete by the early 18th century. The Germans are a Germanic people. Part of the Holy Roman Empire, around 300 independent German states emerged during its decline after the Peace of Westphalia in 1648 ending the Thirty Years War; these states formed into modern Germany in the 19th century. The concept of a German ethnicity is linked to Germanic tribes of antiquity in central Europe; the early Germans originated on the North German Plain as well as southern Scandinavia. By the 2nd century BC, the number of Germans was increasing and they began expanding into eastern Europe and southward into Celtic territory. During antiquity these Germanic tribes remained separate from each other and did not have writing systems at that time. In the European Iron Age the area, now Germany was divided into the La Tène horizon in Southern Germany and the Jastorf culture in Northern Germany. By 55 BC, the Germans had reached the Danube river and had either assimilated or otherwise driven out the Celts who had lived there, had spread west into what is now Belgium and France.
Conflict between the Germanic tribes and the forces of Rome under Julius Caesar forced major Germanic tribes to retreat to the east bank of the Rhine. Roman emperor Augustus in 12 BC ordered the conquest of the Germans, but the catastrophic Roman defeat at the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest resulted in the Roman Empire abandoning its plans to conquer Germania. Germanic peoples in Roman territory were culturally Romanized, although much of Germania remained free of direct Roman rule, Rome influenced the development of German society the adoption of Christianity by the Germans who obtained it from the Romans. In Roman-held territories with Germanic populations, the Germanic and Roman peoples intermarried, Roman and Christian traditions intermingled; the adoption of Christianity would become a major influence in the development of a common German identity. The first major public figure to speak of a German people in general, was the Roman figure Tacitus in his work Germania around 100 AD; however an actual united German identity and ethnicity did not exist and it would take centuries of development of German culture until the concept of a German ethnicity began to become a popular identity.
The Germanic peoples during the Migrations Period came into contact with other peoples. The Limes Germanicus was breached in AD 260. Migrating Germanic tribes commingled with the local Gallo-Roman populations in what is now Swabia and Bavaria; the arrival of the Huns in Europe resulted in Hun conquest of large parts of Eastern Europe, the Huns were allies of the Roman Empire who fought against Germanic tribes, but the Huns cooperated with the Germanic tribe of the Ostrogoths, large numbers of Germans lived within the lands of the Hunnic Empire of
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government