Lisbon Station

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Lisbon Station
Active 1779–1782, 1795-1841
Country United Kingdom
Branch Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Type Fleet
Role Convoy Protection, Evacuation.
Part of Royal Navy
Garrison/HQ Lisbon
Battle honours Battle of Porto Praya, Battle of Saldanha Bay, Battle of Corunna
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Commodore George Johnstone

The Lisbon Station [1] also known as Lisbon Station and Coast of Spain [2] was a formation of the British Navy operating of the coast of Portugal from 1779-1782 before being disbanded and then again from 1783 until 1841.

History[edit]

Initially established as a mobile squadron of the Royal Navy mainly operating off the coast of Portugal but also Spain during the late 18th century and 19th century the station it was involved in a number of engagements during the Anglo-Spanish War including the Action of 11 November 1779, it was particularity known for its involvement in Battle of Porto Praya, in April 1781 [3] as part of the Anglo-French Wars (1778–1783), later that year the squadron was ordered to capture the Dutch Colony of the Cape of Good Hope, that became known as the Battle of Saldanha Bay however it failed to re-take the cape because of this the squadron was disbanded in 1782 when Commodore Johnstone sought election as an MP. The Station was re-established in 1795 under the command of Vice-Admiral Sir George Vandeput to undertake convoy duties between England the Mediterranean and Lisbon. In 1808 Admiral Vandeput was succeeded by Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Cotton he was charged with preparation of Lisbon harbor for the planned invasion the Iberian Peninsula later in the year, the fleet was also involved with the evacuation of Sir John Moore's army stuck in Galacia [4] following the Battle of Corunna. In 1810 Admiral Cotton was relieved of command by Admiral Sir George Cranfield Berkeley when it was next involved in improving coastal defences until 1812 when Admiral Berkeley retired his command. He was then replaced by Vice-Admiral Sir George Martin who commanded the station until 1814,[5] he was followed by Rear-Admiral Sir George H. Parker from 1815 until 1834; in early 1837 the station was under the temporary command of Rear-Admiral John Ommanney until he was relieved as commander in chief by Vice-Admiral Sir William Hall Gage he was ordered by the Admiralty to undertake protection duties of Queen Maria II during the period known as the Liberal Wars that was fought between progressive constitutionalists and authoritarian absolutists in Portugal over royal succession the station ceased to be a command in 1841.

Commanders[edit]

Station not active 1783-1794

References[edit]

  1. ^ Clarke, James Stanier; McArthur, John (2010). The Naval Chronicle: Volume 30, July-December 1813: Containing a General and Biographical History of the Royal Navy of the United Kingdom with a Variety of Original Papers on Nautical Subjects. Cambridge University Press. p. 10. ISBN 9781108018692. 
  2. ^ Watson, Dr Graham. "QUEEN VICTORIA'S FLEET ON HER ACCESSION: THE STRENGTH AND DISTRIBUTION OF THE ROYAL NAVY 1837". naval-history.net. Gordon Smith, 19 September 2015. Retrieved 12 March 2017. 
  3. ^ Stevens, Benjamin Franklin (1888). The Campaign in Virginia, 1781. p. 440. 
  4. ^ Napier, William Francis Patrick (1873). History of the war in the Peninsula and the south of France, from the year 1807 to the year 1814. New York : D. & J. Sadlier. p. 121. 
  5. ^ Winfield, Rif (2005). British warships of the age of sail : 1793-1815. London: Chatham. p. 64. ISBN 1861762461. 
  6. ^ Clarke, James Stanier; McArthur, John (2010). The Naval Chronicle: Volume 30, July-December 1813: Containing a General and Biographical History of the Royal Navy of the United Kingdom with a Variety of Original Papers on Nautical Subjects. Cambridge University Press. p. 10. ISBN 9781108018692. 
  7. ^ Marshall, John. "Royal Naval Biography, Henry Curzon". wikisource. Royal Naval Biography, 1823. Retrieved 11 March 2017. 
  8. ^ De Toy, Brian. "Admiral George Berkeley and Peninsular Victory, 1809-1812" (PDF). westpoint.edu. West Point Naval Academy. Retrieved 11 March 2017. 
  9. ^ Ballantyne, Ian (Jul 15, 2008). HMS Rodney: Slayer of the Bismarck and D-Day Saviour. Casemate Publishers. pp. 2–13. ISBN 9781783035069. 
  10. ^ "Naval and Military, Original the Bavarian State Library, Digitized 28 November 2011". The London and China Telegraph, p. 635, November 28th, 1866. Retrieved 26 November 2016. 
  11. ^ The United Service Journal. H. Colburn. 1837. p. 428. 
  12. ^ Heathcote, T.A. (2002). The British Admirals of the Fleet : 1734-1995 : a biographical dictionary (1. publ. in Great Britain. ed.). Barnsley: Cooper. p. 94. ISBN 0850528356. 

Sources[edit]

  • Clarke, James Stanier; McArthur, John (2010). The Naval Chronicle: Volume 30, July–December 1813, Containing a General and Biographical History of the Royal Navy of the United Kingdom with a Variety of Original Papers on Nautical Subjects. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781108018692.
  • Rodger, N.A.M. (2004), The Command of the Ocean: A Naval History of Britain, 1649-1815. New York and London: W.W. Norton and Company. ISBN 9780393060508.

External links[edit]