Pierre Schoendoerffer was a French film director, a screenwriter, a writer, a war reporter, a war cameraman, a renowned First Indochina War veteran, a cinema academician. He was president of the Académie des Beaux-Arts for 2001 and for 2007. In 1967, he was the winner of the Academy Award for Documentary Feature for The Anderson Platoon; the film followed a platoon of American soldiers for six weeks at the height of fighting in Vietnam during 1966. Pierre Schoendoerffer was born in Chamalières of a French Alsatian Protestant family; as Alsace was a territory contested and annexed in the 17th, 19th and 20th centuries by both France and Germany leading to the Franco-Prussian War next World War I, his forefathers chose to remain French though they lost all their belongings. His maternal grandfather, an 1870 veteran, volunteered in the French Army in 1914 at the age of 66 and the rank of Captain, he was killed during the Second Battle of the Aisne at Chemin des Dames. His father was the director of the Annecy hospital and died shortly after the end of the battle of France where he was injured.
He met his wife Patricia in Morocco, she was a journalist for France-Soir. They had three children and screenwriter Frédéric Schoendoerffer and producer Ludovic Schoendoerffer and actress Amélie Schoendoerffer. Pierre Schoendoerffer died on 14 March 2012 in France, he was 83. During World War II, Schoendoerffer lost his father and was not doing well with his studies at school in Annecy. In winter 1942–43, he read Joseph Kessel's epic adventure novel Fortune Carrée, which changed his ambitions. From this experience he would direct Than, the Fisherman shot in Vietnam, Iceland Fisherman; the following year he went back to the Pays de la Loire region and embarked on a Swedish cargo ship at Boulogne. In 1947, on board a merchant navy coaster, he sailed for two years in the Baltic North Sea; this experience would find echoes in Seven Days at Sea, The Drummer-Crab and in Above the Clouds. From 1949 to 1950 he left the sea to fulfill mandatory military service in the Alpine infantry's 13e Bataillon de Chasseurs Alpins based in Chambéry and Modane, Rhône-Alpes.
The Alpine infantry would be the title character's corps in The Honor of a Captain. Young Schoendoerffer had realized he was not born to be a mariner, but he did not want to be a soldier either, thinking he would be wasting his time. What he wanted to do was filmmaking; as he failed to enter the television and cinema industries, he began photography instead. One day as he read a Le Figaro article about war cameraman Georges Kowal, Killed in action during the First Indochina War, he decided to try his luck in the Service Cinématographique des Armées. In late 1951, he volunteered to become a war cameraman for the French army and was sent to Saigon, in French Indochina. There Corporal Schoendoerffer met and became friends with Service Presse Information war photograph Sergeant-Chief Jean Péraud, who took him as his protégé. Schoendoerffer's first SCA production was a 9-minute short documentary First Indochina War Rushes that would surface thirty years on screen in The Honor of a Captain. In 1954, his friend and superior Sergeant-Chief Péraud asked him by telegram to join him at the battle of Dien Bien Phu and he dropped with the 5th Vietnamese Parachutist Battalion.
As a result, upranked Corporal-Chief Schoendoerffer "celebrated" his 26th birthday in the midst of the 57-day siege. He filmed the entire battle for the SCA but after the French ceasefire and the defeat, just as the other soldiers destroyed their equipment so that it would not be captured by the Viet Minh, Schoendoerffer destroyed his films and camera; this event was depicted on screen by his own son, Frédéric, in Pierre Schoendoerffer's 1992 docudrama Dien Bien Phu recreating the battle. At the end of the battle in 1954, he saved and secretly hid six SCA 1-minute reels which ended up in Roman Karmen's hands. After the battle, on 7 May 1954, he was sent to a Viet Minh re-education camp. During the march to the camp, following Jean Péraud, he tried to escape with paratroopers commander Marcel Bigeard, but he was caught. Péraud has since been Missing in action. In prison, his life was spared at the insistence of Roman Karmen, the Soviet war reporter who directed all the main sequences illustrating the battle, from the Viet Minh raising the Red flag over General de Castries's bunker staged a few weeks after the siege, to the French Union POWs column marching from Dien Bien Phu to the re-education camp, that are featured in Вьетнам.
During this time, Karmen had some friendly meetings with Schoendoerffer. Karmen kept the reels though, so as a result the only footage covering the battle is from the Viet Minh's perspective. Karmen's own work has been watched all around the world and has been used in the western media; as an example, Peter Batty's 1980 The Battle for Den Bien Phu documentary is based on the footage from Vietnam. Schoendoerffer was released by the Viet Minh four months on 1 September 1954. On the battle's tenth anniversary, in Paris, Schoendoerffer was invited with Bigeard to comment on the Viet Minh f
Henri Verneuil, born Ashot Malakian, was a French-Armenian playwright and filmmaker, who made a successful career in France. He was nominated for Oscar and Palme d'Or awards, won Locarno International Film Festival, Edgar Allan Poe Awards, French Legion of Honor, Golden Globe Award, French National Academy of Cinema and Honorary Cesar awards. According to one obituary: For 40 years, the prolific Verneuil made movies as mainstream and commercial as any to be found in America or Britain. In his best period – the 1950s and 1960s – he delivered films in the "tradition of quality" so despised by the Nouvelle Vague. Many of them proved excellent vehicles for old-timers Jean Gabin and Fernandel, newcomers such as Jean-Paul Belmondo and Alain Delon. Verneuil was born Ashot Malakian to Armenian parents in East Thrace, Turkey. In 1924, when Ashot was a little child his family fled to Marseille in France, to escape persecution after the Armenian Genocide, he recounted his childhood experience in the novel Mayrig, which he dedicated to his mother and made into a 1991 film with the same name, followed by a sequel, 588 Rue Paradis, the following year.
Verneuil entered the École Nationale d'Arts et Metiers in Aix-en-Provence in 1942. After graduation, he worked as a journalist became editor of Horizon Armenian magazine. In 1947, Verneuil managed to convince the established European film actor Fernandel to appear in his first film. In 1951 he directed his first feature, the black comedy La Table aux crevés, his second film, Forbidden Fruit, based on a Georges Simenon novel, was more acclaimed. He directed other movie stars including Jean Gabin, Alain Delon, Lino Ventura, Jean-Paul Belmondo, Omar Sharif, Claudia Cardinale, Yves Montand and Michèle Morgan. Verneuil has filmed all the great figures of French cinema, with the exception of Bourvil, as Louis de Funès has a small role in one of his films. After the American experience, in 1969 Verneuil "found" France, he was awarded a César in 1996 and he was elected a member of the Academy of Fine Arts in 2000. He died at Bagnolet, a suburb of Paris, in 2002; the opening of the seventh annual Golden Apricot International Film Festival in Yerevan paid tribute to Verneuil.
His son, television director Patrick Malakian, who reclaimed the name of his historical ancestors, received the posthumous award, the Parajanov's Thaler, for his father's contribution to cinema. Pipe chien On demande un bandit Maldonne La Légende de Terre-Blanche L'Art d'être courtier Compositeurs et Chansons de Paris La Table aux crevés Le Fruit défendu Brelan d'As Le Boulanger de Valorgue Carnaval L'Ennemi Public n°1 Le Mouton à cinq pattes Les Amants du Tage People of No Importance Paris, Palace Hôtel Une manche et la belle Sois belle et tais-toi Maxime Le Grand chef La Vache et le Prisonnier, with Fernandel L'Affaire d'une nuit La Française et l'amour Le Président, with Jean Gabin Les Lions sont lâchés Un singe en hiver, with Jean Gabin and Jean-Paul Belmondo Mélodie en sous-sol, with Alain Delon and Jean Gabin Cent mille dollars au soleil, with Jean-Paul Belmondo and Lino Ventura Week-end à Zuydcoote, with Jean-Paul Belmondo La Vingt-cinquième heure, with Anthony Quinn La Bataille de San Sebastian, with Anthony Quinn and Charles Bronson Le Clan des Siciliens, starring Delon and Ventura Le Casse, with Jean-Paul Belmondo and Omar Sharif Le Serpent, with Henry Fonda and Yul Brynner Peur sur la ville, with Jean-Paul Belmondo Le Corps de mon ennemi, with Jean-Paul Belmondo I comme Icare, with Yves Montand A Thousand Billion Dollars Les Morfalous, with Jean-Paul Belmondo Mayrig 588 Rue Paradis Henri Verneuil on IMDb
Régis Wargnier is a French film director, film producer and film score composer. His 1992 film Indochine won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film at the 65th Academy Awards, his 1995 A French Woman was entered into the 19th Moscow International Film Festival where he won the Silver St. George for the Direction. 1986: La Femme de ma vie starring Jane Birkin 1988: Sueurs froides 1989: Je suis le seigneur du château starring Dominique Blanc 1992: Indochine starring Catherine Deneuve 1995: Une femme française starring Emmanuelle Béart 1995: Lumière et compagnie, collection of short films in cooperation with other international directors 1999: Est-Ouest starring Sandrine Bonnaire 2003: Cœurs d'Athlètes starring Haile Gebrsellasie 2005: Man to Man starring Joseph Fiennes and Kristin Scott Thomas 2007: Pars vite et reviens tard starring José Garcia, Lucas Belvaux and Marie Gillain 2011: La Ligne droite 2014: The Gate 1973: La Femme en bleu 1974: Nada 1978: Mon premier amour 1979: L'École est finie 1980: La Banquière 1981: Viens chez moi, j'habite chez une copine 1982: Le Grand Patron 1982: Le Grand Frère 1984: Le Bon Plaisir 1984: Souvenirs, souvenirs 1986: La Femme de ma vie avec Jane Birkin 1989: Je suis le seigneur du château avec Dominique Blanc 1992: Indochine avec Catherine Deneuve 1992: L'échange 1995: Une femme française 1999: Est-Ouest 2005: Man to man 2007: Pars vite et reviens tard 2014: The Gate 1973: La Femme en bleu 1984: Souvenirs, souvenirs 2002: Femme fatale 2002: Femme fatale 2001: Who is Bernard Tapie 1983: Heller Wahn 1983: La palombière Régis Wargnier on IMDb
Francis Girod was a French film director and screenwriter. He directed 20 films between 1974 and 2006, his film L'enfance de l'art was entered into the 1988 Cannes Film Festival. In 1994 he was a member of the jury at the 44th Berlin International Film Festival. Slogan, directed by Pierre Grimblat - screenwriter, along with Pierre Grimblat and Melvin Van Peebles Le Trio infernal Rene the Cane The Savage State The Lady Banker Le Grand Frère Le Bon Plaisir Descente Aux Enfers Mon beau-frère a tué ma soeur, directed by Jacques Rouffio – actor L'enfance de l'art Lumière and Company Terminale Un ami parfait Francis Girod on IMDb
Académie des Beaux-Arts
The Académie des Beaux-Arts is a French learned society. It is one of the five academies of the Institut de France; the current President of the Academy is a noted engraver and watercolorist. The Academy was created in 1816 in Paris as a merger of the Académie de peinture et de sculpture, the Académie de musique and the Académie d'architecture; the Académie des Beaux-Arts provides several awards including five dedicated prizes: Liliane Bettencourt Prize for Choral Singing Simone and Cino Del Duca Foundation Prize for Music Pierre Cardin Prize for Design François-Victor Noury Prize Fondation Pierre Gianadda PrizePreviously the Académie granted the Prix Rossini for excellence in libretto or music composition. The members are grouped into eight sections: Section I: Painting Section II: Sculpture Section III: Architecture Section IV: Engraving Section V: Musical composition Section VI: Unattached members Section VII: Artistic creation in the cinema and audio-visual fields Section VIII: Photography Current members: Beaux-Arts architecture École des Beaux-Arts Academic art French art salons and academies Académie des Beaux-Arts website Institut de France website
Gérard Oury was a French film director and writer. His real name was Max-Gérard Houry Tannenbaum; the son of Serge Tannenbaum, a violinist, Marcelle Houry, a journalist, Oury studied at upscale Lycée Janson de Sailly and at the National Conservatory of Dramatic Art. He became a member of the Comédie-Française just one year before World War II, but fled to Switzerland to escape the anti-Jewish persecutions by the Vichy government. After 1945 he restarted his career as an actor, performing in the theatre and in supporting roles in the cinema. Oury gained his first success in 1961 with Crime Does Not Pay. Joining André Bourvil and Louis de Funès as a comic duo, he burst into commercial filmmaking with 1965's The Sucker; the film was entered into the 4th Moscow International Film Festival. The following year, Don't Look Now... We're Being Shot At! was more successful, attracting the largest audiences in France. This box-office record stood for decades, only surpassed in 1997 by Titanic from James Cameron.
Oury shot the 1969 comedy Le Cerveau in English, starring David Niven in the lead role as a criminal mastermind. With actress Jacqueline Roman, he was the father of French writer Danièle Thompson and grandfather of actor/writer Christopher Thompson, he lived together with the French actress Michèle Morgan for the second half of his life. He died aged 87 in Saint-Tropez on 20 July 2006. Gérard Oury at UniFrance Films Gérard Oury on IMDb
Marcel Carné was a French film director. A key figure in the poetic realism movement, Carné's best known films include Port of Shadows, Le Jour Se Lève, The Devil's Envoys and Children of Paradise, the last of, cited as one of the greatest films of all time. Born in Paris, the son of a cabinet maker whose wife died when their son was five, Carné began his career as a film critic, becoming editor of the weekly publication, Hebdo-Films, working for Cinémagazine and Cinémonde between 1929 and 1933. In the same period he worked in silent film as a camera assistant with director Jacques Feyder. By age 25, Carné had directed his first short film, Eldorado du dimanche, he assisted Feyder on several films through to La kermesse héroïque. Feyder accepted an invitation to work in England for Alexander Korda, for whom he made Knight Without Armour, but made it possible for Carné to take over his project, Jenny, as its director; the film marked the beginning of a successful collaboration with surrealist poet and screenwriter Jacques Prévert.
This collaborative relationship lasted for more than a dozen years, during which Carné and Prévert created their best remembered films. Together, they were involved in the poetic realism film movement of fatalistic tragedies. Under the German occupation of France during World War II, Carné worked in the Vichy zone where he subverted the regime's attempts to control art. Under difficult conditions they made Carné's most regarded film Les Enfants du paradis released after the Liberation of France. In the late 1990s, the film was voted "Best French Film of the Century" in a poll of 600 French critics and professionals. Post war, he and Prévert followed this triumph with what at the time was the most expensive production undertaken in the history of French film, but the result, titled Les Portes de la nuit, was panned by the critics and a box office failure and was their last completed film. By the 1950s, Carné's reputation was in eclipse; the critics of Cahiers du cinéma, who became the film makers of the New Wave, dismissed him and placed his film's merits with Prévert.
Other than his 1958 hit Les Tricheurs, Carné's postwar films met with only uneven success and many were greeted by an unrelenting negative criticism from the press and within members of the film industry. In 1958, Carné was the Head of the Jury at the 6th Berlin International Film Festival, his 1971 film Law Breakers was entered into the 7th Moscow International Film Festival. Carné made his last film in 1976. Carné was homosexual. Several of his films contain references to male homosexuality or bisexuality, his one-time partner was Roland Lesaffre. In 1989 a book was published by Edward Baron Turk as part of the Harvard Film Studies that told his story under the title Child of Paradise: Marcel Carné and the Golden Age of French Cinema. Marcel Carné died in 1996 in Clamart, Hauts-de-Seine, was buried in the Cimetière Saint-Vincent in Montmartre. Nogent, Eldorado du dimanche Jenny Drôle de drame Le quai des brumes Hôtel du Nord Le jour se lève Les visiteurs du soir Les enfants du paradis Les portes de la nuit La fleur de l'âge La Marie du port Juliette ou La clef des songes Thérèse Raquin L'air de Paris Le pays d'où je viens Les tricheurs Terrain vague Du mouron pour les petits oiseaux Trois chambres à Manhattan Les jeunes loups Les assassins de l'ordre La merveilleuse visite La Bible They Shoot Pictures, Don't They?
Marcel Carné on IMDb Marcel Carne a tribute website Marcel Carne Bibliography (via UC Berkeley