500 home run club
In Major League Baseball, the 500 home run club is a group of batters who have hit 500 or more regular-season home runs in their careers. On August 11,1929, Babe Ruth became the first member of the club, Ruth ended his career with 714 home runs, a record which stood from 1935 until Hank Aaron surpassed it in 1974. Aarons ultimate career total,755, remained the record until Barry Bonds set the current mark of 762 during the 2007 season, twenty-seven players are members of the 500 home run club. At.344, Ted Williams holds the highest batting average among the members while Harmon Killebrew holds the lowest at.256. Of these 27 players,14 were right-handed batters,11 were left-handed, five 500 home run club members—Aaron, Eddie Murray, Rafael Palmeiro, and Alex Rodriguez—are members of the 3,000 hit club. Gary Sheffields 500th home run was his first career run with the New York Mets. Five eligible club members—Barry Bonds, Mark McGwire, Rafael Palmeiro, Gary Sheffield and Sammy Sosa—have not been elected to the Hall.
Bonds and Sosa made their first appearance on the Hall of Fame ballot in 2013, Bonds received only 36. 2% and Sosa 12. 5% of the total votes, with 75% required for induction. Some believe the milestone has become less important with the number of new members,10 players joined the club from 1999 to 2009. Additionally, several of these recent members have had ties to performance-enhancing drugs, some believe that by not electing McGwire to the Hall the voters were establishing a referendum on how they would treat players from the Steroid Era. On January 8,2014, Rafael Palmeiro became the first member of the 500 Home Run Club to be removed from the BBWAA Hall of Fame ballot. As the BBWAA announced the selections for the Baseball Hall of Fame Class of 2014, players must be named on at least of 5. 0% of ballots to remain on future ballots. As of Opening Day 2017, Albert Pujols is the active member of the 500 home run club. Stats updated as of April 2,2017, Ted Williams Museum and Hitters Hall of Fame List of Major League Baseball career home run leaders 3,000 hit club General Career Leaders & Records for Home Runs.
500 Home Run Club – Milestones
Earned run average
In baseball statistics, earned run average is the mean of earned runs given up by a pitcher per nine innings pitched. It is determined by dividing the number of earned runs allowed by the number of innings pitched, runs resulting from defensive errors are recorded as unearned runs and omitted from ERA calculations. Henry Chadwick is credited with devising the statistic, which caught on as a measure of pitching effectiveness after relief pitching came into vogue in the 1900s. Some criterion was needed to capture the apportionment of earned-run responsibility for a pitcher in games that saw contributions from other pitchers for the same team, a pitcher is assessed an earned run for each run scored by a batter who reaches base while batting against that pitcher. The National League first tabulated official earned run average statistics in 1912, recently written baseball encyclopedias display ERAs for earlier years, but these were computed retroactively. Negro League pitchers are often rated by RA, or total runs allowed, as with batting average, the definition of a good ERA varies from year to year.
During the dead-ball era of the 1900s and 1910s, an ERA below 2.00 was considered good, in the 1960s, sub-2.00 ERAs returned, as other influences such as ballparks with different dimensions were introduced. Today, an ERA under 4.00 is again considered good, the all-time record for the lowest single season earned run average by a pitcher pitching 300 or more innings is 1.12, set by Bob Gibson in 1968. The record for the lowest career earned run average is 1.82, held by Ed Walsh, but a purported record based on so few innings pitched is highly misleading. Over the years, more than a dozen part-time pitchers have pitched 105 or more innings and had a run average lower than 0.86. Some sources may list players with infinite ERAs and this can happen if a pitcher allows one or more earned runs without retiring a batter. Additionally, an undefined ERA occasionally occurs at the beginning of a baseball season and it is sometimes incorrectly displayed as zero or as the lowest ranking ERA, even though it is more akin to the highest.
At times it can be misleading to judge relief pitchers solely on ERA, because they are charged only for runs scored by batters who reached base while batting against them. Thus, if a pitcher enters the game with his team leading by 1 run, with 2 outs and the bases loaded. If he retires the batter, his ERA for that game will be 0.00 despite having surrendered the lead. Starting pitchers operate under the rules but are not called upon to start pitching with runners already on base. The relievers freedom to use their energy for a few innings, or even for just a few batters. ERA, taken by itself, can be misleading when trying to objectively judge starting pitchers, the advent of the designated hitter rule in the American League in 1973 made the pitching environment significantly different
The Atlanta Braves are an American professional baseball franchise based in the Atlanta metropolitan area. The franchise competes in Major League Baseball as a member of the National League East division, the Braves played home games at Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium from 1966 to 1996, and Turner Field from 1997 to 2016. Since 2017, their stadium has been SunTrust Park, a new stadium 10 miles northwest of downtown Atlanta in Cumberland/Galleria, Georgia. The Braves play spring training games in Lake Buena Vista, Florida, in January 2017, the Braves announced a formal agreement to move their spring training home to North Port, Florida. The Braves name, which was first used in 1912, originates from a term for a Native American warrior, from 1991 to 2005, the Braves were one of the most successful franchises in baseball, winning division titles an unprecedented 14 consecutive times in that period. The Braves won the NL West 1991–93 and the NL East 1995–2005, the Braves advanced to the World Series five times in the 1990s, winning the title in 1995.
The Braves are the only Major League Baseball franchise to have won the World Series in three different home cities, the Braves and the Chicago Cubs are the National Leagues two remaining charter franchises. The Braves were founded in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1871, the team states it is the oldest continuously operating professional sports franchise in America. After various name changes, the team began operating as the Boston Braves. Then, in 1953, the moved to Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The teams tenure in Atlanta is noted for Hank Aaron breaking Babe Ruths career home run record in 1974, the Cincinnati Red Stockings, established in 1869 as the first openly all-professional baseball team, voted to dissolve after the 1870 season. The original Boston Red Stockings team and its successors can lay claim to being the oldest continuously playing team in American professional sports. Two young players hired away from the Forest City club of Rockford, turned out to be the biggest stars during the NAPBBP years, pitcher Al Spalding and second baseman Ross Barnes.
Led by the Wright brothers and Spalding, the Red Stockings dominated the National Association, the team became one of the National Leagues charter franchises in 1876, sometimes called the Red Caps. The Boston Red Caps played in the first game in the history of the National League, on Saturday, April 22,1876, defeating the Athletics, although somewhat stripped of talent in the National Leagues inaugural year, Boston bounced back to win the 1877 and 1878 pennants. The Red Caps/Beaneaters were one of the dominant teams during the 19th century. For most of time, their manager was Frank Selee. Boston came to be called the Beaneaters in 1883, while retaining red as the team color, the 1898 team finished 102–47, a club record for wins that would stand for almost a century
Robert Lincoln Bobby Lowe, nicknamed Link, was an American Major League Baseball player and scout. He played for the Boston Beaneaters, Chicago Cubs, Pittsburgh Pirates, Lowe was the first player in Major League history to hit four home runs in a game, a feat which he accomplished in May 1894. He tied or set Major League records with 17 total bases in a single game, Lowe was a versatile player who played at every position but was principally known as a second baseman. When he retired in 1907, his career fielding average of.953 at second base was the highest in Major League history, Lowe worked as a baseball manager and scout. He was the player-manager of the Detroit Tigers during the last half of the 1904 season and he was a player-manager for the Grand Rapids Wolverines in 1908, and coached college baseball in 1907 for the University of Michigan and from 1909 to 1910 for Washington & Jefferson College. Lowe was a scout for the Detroit Tigers in 1911 and 1912, Lowe was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in July 1865, two months after the end of the American Civil War and the assassination of Abraham Lincoln.
His middle name Lincoln likely derives from the historic circumstances immediately preceding his birth, Lowes father, Robert L. Lowe, was a Pennsylvania native and a railroad engineer. His mother, Jane Lowe was an immigrant from Ireland, by 1880, Lowes father had died and at age 15 he was living with his mother and three siblings in Union Township. In 1881, Lowe was working as an office devil at the Newcastle Courant, in the summer of 1881, at age 16, he played in a baseball game between the printers and the doctors of New Castle. Charley Powers, who played minor league baseball, was working as a compositor at the Courant and was selected as the captain of the printers, Lowe pleaded for a place on the team, and Powers stationed him in right field. He recalled that the kid carried off the honors both in the field and at the bat, I saw at once that he was a born ballplayer. In 1882, Lowe played with the Archie Reeds, a baseball club in New Castle. He left his job with the Courant in 1883 and, at age 18 and he was the sole support at the time for his mother and youngest sister and gave up baseball for several years.
Some accounts indicate he played for Witherows plant baseball team, in 1886, Charley Powers organized a baseball club in New Castle and persuaded Lowes employer to allow him to play with the club occasionally. He played catcher and third base for New Castle in 1886, Powers and Lowe both signed to play with the Eau Claire, Wisconsin team in the Northwestern League during the summer of 1887. Powers recalled that the manager of the Eau Claire club, Abe Devine, ran a saloon and refused to use Lowe because he refused to patronize his saloon. Devine sent him back to New Castle, That boy cant play ball, Lowe was put into the lineup in a game against Milwaukee and drew cheers from the crowd for his defensive play at third base. In his first at bat, he hit a home run off Varney Anderson that sailed far over the center field fence
Billy Hamilton (baseball, born 1866)
William Robert Sliding Billy Hamilton was a 19th-century Major League Baseball player who holds a number of baseball records. He played for the Kansas City Cowboys, Philadelphia Phillies and Boston Beaneaters between 1888 and 1901 and he was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in 1961. As of 2016, he is third on the all-time list of stolen bases leaders. Hamilton was born on February 16,1866 in Newark, New Jersey and his parents and Mary Hamilton, had immigrated to New Jersey from Ireland. Biographer Roy Kerr writes that evidence suggests that Hamilton was descended from the Ulster Scots people, when Hamilton was a small child, his family moved to Clinton, Massachusetts. He worked in a Clinton cotton mill as a young teenager, Hamilton broke into the major leagues in the American Association with the Kansas City Cowboys in 1888. He established himself as a star the following season by batting.301 with 144 runs and 111 stolen bases, in 1890, the Cowboys, who were ceasing operations, sold Hamilton to the Philadelphia Phillies.
The next year he led the NL in batting average, runs scored, for a third consecutive season, Hamilton led the NL in stolen bases. In 1892, Hamilton hit both a leadoff and game-ending home run in the same game, only Vic Power, Darin Erstad, Reed Johnson and Ian Kinsler have accomplished the same feat. He hit.380 in 1893, which led the major leagues, Philadelphia outfielders Hamilton, Sam Thompson, Ed Delahanty and Tuck Turner all hit over.400 in 1894. Hamilton set the record for most stolen bases in one game and he set the record for most consecutive games scoring one or more runs, with 35 runs in 24 games in July–August 1894. Hamilton led the league in steals for a time in 1895. In 1896, Hamilton moved to Boston, for whom he played his six seasons. Although his numbers declined, Hamilton still scored over 100 runs in all, Hamilton retired after the 1901 season. Over his career he compiled 912 stolen bases, a.344 batting average and 1690 runs in 1591 games, he is one of only three players to average more than one run per game played.
His.455 career on-base percentage ranks fourth all-time behind Ted Williams, Babe Ruth and John McGraw and he is the Philadelphia Phillies career leader in batting average, on-base percentage and stolen bases. He holds Phillies single-season records for on-base percentage, stolen bases and times on base, though stolen bases were credited differently during Hamiltons career than they are in modern times, he was very proud of his stolen base marks. In 1937, Hamilton lambasted the Sporting News in a letter he wrote to them, stating, I was, I stole over 100 bases on many years and if they ever re-count the record I will get my just reward
In modern baseball, the feat is typically achieved by hitting the ball over the outfield fence between the foul poles without first touching the ground, resulting in an automatic home run. There is the home run, increasingly rare in modern baseball. When a home run is scored, the batter is credited with a hit and a run scored. Likewise, the pitcher is recorded as having given up a hit, a batted ball is a home run if it touches either foul pole or its attached screen before touching the ground, as the foul poles are by definition in fair territory. A batted ball that goes over the wall after touching the ground is not a home run. A fielder is allowed to reach over the wall to attempt to catch the ball as long as his feet are on or over the field during the attempt. If the fielder successfully catches the ball while it is in flight the batter is out, since the fielder is not part of the field, a ball that bounces off a fielder and over the wall without touching the ground is still a home run. A home run accomplished in any of the above manners is a home run.
This stipulation is in Approved Ruling of Rule 7.10, an inside-the-park home run occurs when a batter hits the ball into play and is able to circle the bases before the fielders can put him out. Unlike with a home run, the batter-runner and all preceding runners are liable to be put out by the defensive team at any time while running the bases. This can only happen if the ball does not leave the ballfield, with outfields much less spacious and more uniformly designed than in the games early days, inside-the-park home runs are now a rarity. They are usually the result of a ball being hit by a very fast runner, either way, this sends the ball into open space in the outfield and thereby allows the batter-runner to circle the bases before the defensive team can put him out. The speed of the runner is crucial as even triples are relatively rare in most modern ballparks, all runs scored on such a play, still count. An example of an unexpected bounce occurred during the 2007 Major League Baseball All-Star Game at AT&T Park in San Francisco on July 10,2007, by the time the ball was relayed, Ichiro had already crossed the plate standing up.
This was the first inside-the-park home run in All-Star Game history, Home runs are often characterized by the number of runners on base at the time. A home run hit with the bases empty is seldom called a one-run homer, with one runner on base, two runs are scored and thus the home run is often called a two-run homer or two-run shot. Similarly, a home runs with two runners on base is a three-run homer or three-run shot, the term four-run homer is seldom used, instead, it is nearly always called a grand slam. Hitting a grand slam is the best possible result for the turn at bat
If a batter reaches first base because of offensive interference by a preceding runner, he is credited with a hit. A hit for one base is called a single, for two bases a double, and for three bases a triple, a home run is scored as a hit. Doubles and home runs are called extra base hits, an infield hit is a hit where the ball does not leave the infield. Infield hits are uncommon by nature, and most often earned by speedy runners, a no-hitter is a game in which one of the teams prevented the other from getting a hit. Throwing a no-hitter is rare and considered an accomplishment for a pitcher or pitching staff. In most cases in the game, no-hitters are accomplished by a single pitcher who throws a complete game. A pitcher who throws a no-hitter could still allow runners to reach safely, by way of walks, hit batsmen. If the pitcher allows no runners to reach base, the no-hitter is a perfect game, in 1887, Major League Baseball counted bases on balls as hits. The result was skyrocketing batting averages, including some near.500, Tip ONeill of the St.
Louis Browns batted.485 that season, the experiment was abandoned the following season. There is controversy regarding how the records of 1887 should be interpreted, the number of legitimate walks and at-bats are known for all players that year, so computing averages using the same method as in other years is straightforward. In 1968, Major League Baseball formed a Special Baseball Records Committee to resolve this issues, the Committee ruled that walks in 1887 should not be counted as hits. Most current sources list ONeills 1887 average as.435, as calculated by omitting his walks and he would retain his American Association batting championship. However, the variance between methods results in differing recognition for the 1887 National League batting champion, cap Anson would be recognized, with his.421 average, if walks are included, but Sam Thompson would be the champion at.372 if they are not. The official rulebook of Major League Baseball states in Rule 10, Rule 10.05 Comment, In applying Rule 10.05, the official scorer shall always give the batter the benefit of the doubt.
Runner is called out for interference with a fielder attempting to field a batted ball, unless in the scorers judgment the batter-runner would have been safe had the interference not occurred
Run batted in
A run batted in, plural runs batted in, is a statistic in baseball and softball that credits a batter for making a play that allows a run to be scored. For example, if the batter bats a base hit, another player on a base can go home. Prior to the 1920 Major League Baseball season, runs batted in were not a baseball statistic. Nevertheless, the RBI statistic was tabulated—unofficially—from 1907 through 1919 by baseball writer Ernie Lanigan, common nicknames for an RBI include ribby and ribeye. The plural of RBI is generally RBIs, although some commentators use RBI as both singular and plural, as it can stand for runs batted in. The official scorers judgment must determine whether a run batted in shall be credited for a run that scores when a fielder holds the ball or throws to a wrong base. The perceived significance of the RBI is displayed by the fact that it is one of the three categories that comprise the triple crown, in addition, career RBIs are often cited in debates over who should be elected to the Hall of Fame.
This implies that better offensive teams—and therefore, the teams in which the most players get on base—tend to produce hitters with higher RBI totals than equivalent hitters on lesser-hitting teams, totals are current through October 8,2015
Atlanta is the capital of and the most populous city in the U. S. state of Georgia, with an estimated 2015 population of 463,878. Atlanta is the cultural and economic center of the Atlanta metropolitan area, home to 5,710,795 people, Atlanta is the county seat of Fulton County, and a small portion of the city extends eastward into DeKalb County. In 1837, Atlanta was founded at the intersection of two lines, and the city rose from the ashes of the American Civil War to become a national center of commerce. Atlantas economy is considered diverse, with dominant sectors that include logistics and business services, media operations, Atlanta has topographic features that include rolling hills and dense tree coverage. Revitalization of Atlantas neighborhoods, initially spurred by the 1996 Olympics in Atlanta, has intensified in the 21st century, altering the demographics, politics. Prior to the arrival of European settlers in north Georgia, Creek Indians inhabited the area, standing Peachtree, a Creek village located where Peachtree Creek flows into the Chattahoochee River, was the closest Indian settlement to what is now Atlanta.
As part of the removal of Native Americans from northern Georgia from 1802 to 1825, the Creek ceded the area in 1821. In 1836, the Georgia General Assembly voted to build the Western, the initial route was to run southward from Chattanooga to a terminus east of the Chattahoochee River, which would be linked to Savannah. After engineers surveyed various possible locations for the terminus, the zero milepost was driven into the ground in what is now Five Points. A year later, the area around the milepost had developed into a settlement, first known as Terminus, and as Thrasherville after a merchant who built homes. By 1842, the town had six buildings and 30 residents and was renamed Marthasville to honor the Governors daughter, later, J. Edgar Thomson, Chief Engineer of the Georgia Railroad, suggested the town be renamed Atlantica-Pacifica, which was shortened to Atlanta. The residents approved, and the town was incorporated as Atlanta on December 29,1847, by 1860, Atlantas population had grown to 9,554.
During the American Civil War, the nexus of multiple railroads in Atlanta made the city a hub for the distribution of military supplies, in 1864, the Union Army moved southward following the capture of Chattanooga and began its invasion of north Georgia. On the next day, Mayor James Calhoun surrendered Atlanta to the Union Army, on November 11,1864, Sherman prepared for the Union Armys March to the Sea by ordering Atlanta to be burned to the ground, sparing only the citys churches and hospitals. After the Civil War ended in 1865, Atlanta was gradually rebuilt, due to the citys superior rail transportation network, the state capital was moved from Milledgeville to Atlanta in 1868. In the 1880 Census, Atlanta surpassed Savannah as Georgias largest city, by 1885, the founding of the Georgia School of Technology and the citys black colleges had established Atlanta as a center for higher education. In 1895, Atlanta hosted the Cotton States and International Exposition, during the first decades of the 20th century, Atlanta experienced a period of unprecedented growth.
In three decades time, Atlantas population tripled as the city expanded to include nearby streetcar suburbs
Walter James Vincent Maranville, better known as Rabbit Maranville due to his speed and small stature —5 feet 5 inches tall and 155 pounds — was a Major League Baseball shortstop. At the time of his retirement in 1935, he had played in a record 23 seasons in the National League, a mark which wasnt broken until 1986 by Pete Rose. Maranville finished third in the MVP voting in his first full season and that year, Maranville was the Braves cleanup hitter, despite batting just.246 and hitting four home runs. Even at age 41, when Maranville batted.218 in 143 games and hit no homers, he finished in a tie for 12th in the MVP voting. Over a lengthy career spanned both the dead ball and live-ball era, Maranville played for the Boston Braves, Pittsburgh Pirates, Chicago Cubs, Brooklyn Robins. He retired having compiled a.258 batting average,2,605 hits,1,255 runs,28 home runs,884 RBI and 291 stolen bases, as a shortstop, he finished his career with a positional record 5,139 putouts. He won his only World Series championship in 1914 as a member of the Braves, Maranville was known as one of baseballs most famous clowns due to his practical jokes and lack of inhibitions.
When he was appointed manager of the Chicago Cubs in 1925—one of their worst seasons ever—he did not change his behavior, one night he went through a Pullman car dumping water on sleeping players heads, saying, No sleeping under Maranville management, especially at night. Not long after that, he was out on the street outside Ebbets Field in Brooklyn mimicking a newsboy hawking papers and he cried out, Read all about it. And so he was—the next day, following the end of his playing career, Maranville turned to managing, including stints as a minor league manager for Montreal Royals, at Albany and Springfield, Massachusetts. In years he worked as the director of a school sponsored by the New York Journal-American newspaper. Rabbit Maranville was felled by a heart attack shortly after midnight on January 6,1954 at his home in Woodside and he was 62 years old at the time of his death. Maranville was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1954, just months after his death, along with Bill Terry and Bill Dickey, in his 14th year of eligibility
1935 Major League Baseball season
The 1935 Major League Baseball season. Most Valuable Player Hank Greenberg, Detroit Tigers Gabby Hartnett, Chicago Cubs February 5 – Home run king Babe Ruth is released by the New York Yankees. May 24 – At Crosley Field, the Cincinnati Reds and the visiting Philadelphia Phillies played the first night game, may 25 – Babe Ruth of the Boston Braves goes 4-for-4 with three home runs and six runs batted in. It is the last multi-homer game of Ruths career, with the home run being the first ball ever hit to clear the roof at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. May 30 – Babe Ruth ends his career with the Boston Braves of the National League. July 8 – At Cleveland Municipal Stadium, home of the Cleveland Indians, august 31 – Vern Kennedy pitches a no-hitter as the Chicago White Sox defeat the Cleveland Indians, 5–0. October 7 – The Detroit Tigers defeat the Chicago Cubs, 4–3, in Game 6 of the World Series to win their first World Championship and this was Detroits first Series victory after failing to win four previous times.
November 26 – The National League takes over the bankrupt, last-place Boston Braves franchise after several failed attempts to buy the club, the league takes over only temporarily, until matters can be straightened out
Hugh Duffy was an outfielder and manager in Major League Baseball. He was a player or player-manager for the Chicago White Stockings, Chicago Pirates, Boston Reds, Boston Beaneaters, Milwaukee Brewers and he had his best years with the Beaneaters, including the 1894 season, when he set the MLB single-season record for batting average. He managed the Chicago White Sox and Boston Red Sox and spent several seasons coaching in collegiate baseball, in life, he spent many years as a scout for the Red Sox. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1945 and he worked for Boston until 1953. He died of heart problems the next year, born in Cranston, Rhode Island to Irish immigrant Michael Duffy and wife Margaret Duffy. He was a mill worker who had taken up baseball as a semipro for weekend diversion. Duffy entered the National League with Cap Ansons Chicago White Stockings in 1888 after receiving an offer of $2,000 from the club, anson initially was unimpressed with the 5 ft 7 in,150 pound Duffy, telling him, We already have a batboy.
He shortly thereafter earned the reputation of an outfielder and powerful hitter. Duffy ended up replacing Billy Sunday as the regular right fielder. He switched leagues, joining the American Associations Boston Reds in 1891, he returned to the NL with the Boston Beaneaters in 1892. From 1891 through 1900, Duffy knocked in 100 runs or more eight times, in 1894 Duffy had one of the greatest seasons in baseball history, leading the league with 18 home runs, with 145 RBI and a.440 batting average. Duffys.440 average is the major league batting average record. At one point during the season, Duffy had a 26-game hitting streak and he was player-manager for the Milwaukee Brewers in 1901. During the 1902 and 1903 seasons, Duffy was player-manager for the Western Leagues Milwaukee franchise, Duffy was a player-manager for the Phillies from 1904 to 1906. He finished his career in 1906 with 106 home runs which was, at the time, Duffy spent three years as manager of the Providence Grays. He made $2,000 in his last season as the Providence manager, during Duffys three seasons, Providence finished in third place, second place and third place, respectively.
Duffy agreed to manage the Chicago White Sox in 1910 and he stayed with the team in 1911. He moved to the Milwaukee Brewers of the American Association in 1912 and he turned down an offer to manage the 1913 St. Paul Saints, saying that he was hoping to work in the east