Acacia granitica known as the granite wattle is a shrub in the family Fabaceae. Endemic to Australia, it occurs on the New England Tableland of New South Wales and southern Queensland, it is species tolerant of poor drainage and snow. Acacia granitica is a spreading or upright shrub 1–1.5 m high and wide growing to 3 m tall in favourable conditions. Its branches have a lined, roughish bark. Smaller branches are smooth and round; the phyllodes are more or less rigid and narrowly elongated, 10–25 cm long and 0.5–3 mm wide. Each phyllode is smooth or has fine silky hairs with several obscure parallel veins and a more prominent midvein tapering to a stiff point; the phyllodes narrow to a short curved lined stalk. The inflorescence consists of 14-22 pale yellow to bright yellow flowers 3–10 mm long and appear in pairs in the phyllode axis; the flower stalks are 0.5–3 mm long covered in fine hairs. The seed pods are a dull mid-brown, either straight or with a definite curve and 3–9.5 cm long and 2–3 mm wide.
They are finely furrowed lengthwise and firm at maturity and either smooth or with several fine hairs at the apex. A species tolerant of snow and frost and wet situations, it flowers from late July to early October. Acacia granitica was first formally described by Joseph Maiden in 1921 and the description was published in the Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales; this wattle was named Acacia doratoxylon var. ovata in 1921 by Maiden and Ernst Betche from a specimen collected near Stanthorpe. In 1921, Joseph Maiden raised the variety to species status, giving it the name Acacia granitica because the name Acacia ovata was in use for a different species. Maiden did not give a reason for the epithet but wrote "apparently always on granite"; this species grows in north-eastern New South Wales near Bendemeer and Guyra on granite outcrops in shallow sandy soil and on sandstone in eucalypt forests, sometimes in heath or near creeks north of Grafton New South Wales to Crows Nest in Queensland.
It tolerates poor drainage and snow
Acacia hilliana known as Hill's tabletop wattle but known as sandhill wattle and Hilltop wattle, is a shrub belonging to the genus Acacia and the subgenus Juliflorae. It is native to northern Australia; the Indigenous Australian peoples the Banyjima know it as Bundaljingu and the Nyangumarta know it as Puntanungu. The low spreading, viscid shrub grows to a height of 0.2 to 1 metre. The obscurely ribbed branches spread horizontally giving the shrub a flat-topped appearance; the green to grey-green phyllodes are solitary or sometimes in clusters of two or three at the nodes. Each phyllode is 2 to 7 centimetres in length and has a diameter of about 1 millimetre and are straight or curve shallowly upward, it blooms from March to October producing golden yellow flowers. The simple inflorescences have an erect flower spike, 10 to 45 mm in length. Following flowering flat and linear dark brown seed pods with a length of 2 to 8 cm and a width of 2 to 6 mm; the erect and woody pods are sticky with resin and have an odour resembling like citronella or lemon grass.
The ellipsoidal dull to shiny brown seeds are 3 to 5.5 mm long. The species was first formally described by the botanist Joseph Maiden in 1917 as part of the Alfred James Ewart and Olive Blanche Davies work Appendix IV: Acacias of the Northern Territory; the Flora of the Northern Territory. It was reclassified as Racosperma hillianum by Leslie Pedley in 1987 transferred back the genus Acacia in 2001; the species name honours Gerald Freer Hill who collected the type specimen used by Maiden to prepare the description of the plant. In Western Australia it is scattered throughout the Kimberley and Pilbara regions of Western Australia on rocky ranges and plateaus, among sand dunes and on sand plains growing in red sandy and stony soils, it is found in the Northern Territory and extends into far western Queensland. List of Acacia species
Acacia grasbyi known as miniritchie, is a tree in the family Fabaceae. Endemic to Australia, it occurs throughout the arid interior of Western Australia, with isolated populations in South Australia and the Northern Territory. Miniritchie grows is a shrubby tree to a height of about four metres, it has several main stems. These are twisted, are always covered in distinctive minni ritchi bark, which peels in small curly flakes. Like most Acacia species, it has phyllodes rather than true leaves; these are rigid, round in cross-section with a diameter of about a millimetre, up to nine centimetres long. The flowers are yellow, held in cylindrical clusters about three centimetres long and five millimetres in diameter, on stalks about two centimetres long; the pods are brown, up to eleven centimetres long, with tight constrictions between the seeds. "Acacia grasbyi". Flora of Australia Online. Department of the Environment and Heritage, Australian Government. "Acacia grasbyi". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.
Mitchell, A. A.. G.. Arid Shrubland Plants of Western Australia and Enlarged Edition. University of Western Australia Press, Western Australia. ISBN 978-1-875560-22-6
Acacia caesiella known as tableland wattle, bluebush wattle or blue bush, is a shrub or small tree, endemic to New South Wales, Australia. It grows to between 1 and 3.5 metres high, has smooth grey or bown bark, phyllodes that are 4 to 10 cm long and 3 to 7 mm wide. Globular yellow flowerheads appear between October in the species native range. List of Acacia species
Acacia dunnii known as elephant ear wattle or Dunn's wattle, is a shrub or tree of the genus Acacia and the subgenus Plurinerves. Its specific epithet, dunnii, is to honour government geologist for Victoria. Aboriginal names for it are: Jaminjung, Nungali: Bawaya; this small shrub or tree flowers and fruits in all months of the year. The erect, slender shrub or tree grows to a height of 1.5 to 6 metres and a width of 2 to 4 metres. It produces yellow flowers. A. Dunnii has only a single stem; the silvery blue phyllodes are 20 to 45 centimetres long and 6 to 16 cm wide and hang vertically from branches. It has terminal inflorescences with an axis, 21 to 27 cm long; the yellow flower Heads are globular with a diameter of 8 to 15 millimetres. After flowering brown woody seed pods form; the pods have a flat linear to oblong shape and can be curved with a length of 6 to 14.5 cm and a width of 2.4 to 3 cm. The species was formally described by the botanist William Bertram Turrill in 1922 in the work Dunn's Wattle as published in the Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information.
Synonyms for the plant include Racosperma dunnii as described by Leslie Pedley and Acacia sericata var. dunnii by Joseph Maiden. It is native to the Kimberley region of Western Australia. Despite records for Queensland, the Commonwealth Heads of Australian Herbaria consider A dunnii not to be native to Queensland, but to have become naturalised, it grows on shallow skeletal sandy soils, over sandstone or quartzite Often found on ridges, stony hills and amongst rocks and rocky outcrops. List of Acacia species Worldwide wattle: Acacia dunnii Flora of the Northern Territory: Mimosaceae
Australia the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area; the neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea and East Timor to the north. The population of 25 million is urbanised and concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, its largest city is Sydney; the country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane and Adelaide. Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians for about 60,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century, it is documented. After the European exploration of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, who named it New Holland, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day; the population grew in subsequent decades, by the 1850s most of the continent had been explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established.
On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories. Being the oldest and driest inhabited continent, with the least fertile soils, Australia has a landmass of 7,617,930 square kilometres. A megadiverse country, its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east and mountain ranges in the south-east. A gold rush began in Australia in the early 1850s, its population density, 2.8 inhabitants per square kilometre, remains among the lowest in the world. Australia generates its income from various sources including mining-related exports, telecommunications and manufacturing. Indigenous Australian rock art is the oldest and richest in the world, dating as far back as 60,000 years and spread across hundreds of thousands of sites. Australia is a developed country, with the world's 14th-largest economy.
It has a high-income economy, with the world's tenth-highest per capita income. It is a regional power, has the world's 13th-highest military expenditure. Australia has the world's ninth-largest immigrant population, with immigrants accounting for 26% of the population. Having the third-highest human development index and the eighth-highest ranked democracy globally, the country ranks in quality of life, education, economic freedom, civil liberties and political rights, with all its major cities faring well in global comparative livability surveys. Australia is a member of the United Nations, G20, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Pacific Islands Forum and the ASEAN Plus Six mechanism; the name Australia is derived from the Latin Terra Australis, a name used for a hypothetical continent in the Southern Hemisphere since ancient times. When Europeans first began visiting and mapping Australia in the 17th century, the name Terra Australis was applied to the new territories.
Until the early 19th century, Australia was best known as "New Holland", a name first applied by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1644 and subsequently anglicised. Terra Australis still saw occasional usage, such as in scientific texts; the name Australia was popularised by the explorer Matthew Flinders, who said it was "more agreeable to the ear, an assimilation to the names of the other great portions of the earth". The first time that Australia appears to have been used was in April 1817, when Governor Lachlan Macquarie acknowledged the receipt of Flinders' charts of Australia from Lord Bathurst. In December 1817, Macquarie recommended to the Colonial Office. In 1824, the Admiralty agreed that the continent should be known by that name; the first official published use of the new name came with the publication in 1830 of The Australia Directory by the Hydrographic Office. Colloquial names for Australia include "Oz" and "the Land Down Under". Other epithets include "the Great Southern Land", "the Lucky Country", "the Sunburnt Country", "the Wide Brown Land".
The latter two both derive from Dorothea Mackellar's 1908 poem "My Country". Human habitation of the Australian continent is estimated to have begun around 65,000 to 70,000 years ago, with the migration of people by land bridges and short sea-crossings from what is now Southeast Asia; these first inhabitants were the ancestors of modern Indigenous Australians. Aboriginal Australian culture is one of the oldest continual civilisations on earth. At the time of first European contact, most Indigenous Australians were hunter-gatherers with complex economies and societies. Recent archaeological finds suggest. Indigenous Australians have an oral culture with spiritual values based on reverence for the land and a belief in the Dreamtime; the Torres Strait Islanders, ethnically Melanesian, obtained their livelihood from seasonal horticulture and the resources of their reefs and seas. The northern coasts and waters of Australia were visited s
"Marblewood" redirects here. This term is used for the ebony Diospyros marmorata. Acacia bakeri, known as the marblewood, is one of the largest of all acacias, growing to 40 metres tall, it is a long-lived climax rainforest tree from eastern Australia. Unlike most acacias, fire is not required for seed germination; this tree is considered vulnerable to extinction. Its former habitat is lowland sub tropical rainforest, cleared in the 19th and 20th century; the natural range of distribution is from Brunswick Heads in north eastern New South Wales to Maryborough, Queensland. Floyd, A. G. Rainforest Trees of Mainland South-eastern Australia, Inkata Press 1989, ISBN 0-909605-57-2 page 210 PlantNET - The Plant Information Network System of Botanic Gardens Trust, Australia - 19 July 2009. Http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/cgi-bin/NSWfl.pl?page=nswfl&lvl=sp&name=Acacia~bakeri