Amador County, California
Amador County, officially the County of Amador, is a county in the U. S. state of California, in the Sierra Nevada. As of the 2010 census, the population was 38,091, Amador County bills itself as The Heart of the Mother Lode and lies within the Gold Country. There is a viticultural industry in the county. Amador County was created by the California Legislature on May 11,1854, the county split into Amador, and El Dorado Counties. It was organized on July 3,1854, in 1864, part of the countys territory was given to Alpine County. The county is named for José María Amador, a soldier and miner, born in San Francisco in 1794, in 1848, Jose Maria Amador, with several Native Americans, established a successful gold mining camp near the present town of Amador City. In Spanish, the word means one who loves. Some of the Mother Lodes most successful mines were located in Amador County, including the Kennedy, Argonaut. The Luck of Roaring Camp is a story by American author Bret Harte. It was first published in the August 1868 issue of the Overland Monthly, Harte lived in this area during his Gold Rush period, and possibly based the story in a mining camp on the Mokelumne River.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 606 square miles. It is the fifth-smallest county in California by land area and second-smallest by total area, water bodies in the county include Lake Amador, Lake Camanche, Pardee Reservoir, Bear River Reservoir, Silver Lake, Sutter Creek, Cosumnes River, Mokelumne River, and Tabeaud Lake. Amador County is located approximately 45 miles southeast of Sacramento in the part of California known as the Mother Lode, Amador County ranges in elevation from approximately 250 feet in the western portion of the county to over 9,000 feet in the eastern portion of the county. Though not as known as the Napa Valley AVA or Sonoma Valley AVA viticultural regions of California. With the discovery of gold, the quickly became a mecca for those trying to make their fortune. In the process numerous wineries sprouted up, many of whose vineyards are still in use by wineries today, the decline of the California Gold Rush coupled with the onset of Prohibition devastated the wine-making region of Amador County.
Today this area has been resurrected and is now home to over 40 different wineries, Amador County is renowned for its Zinfandel, but many other varietals are produced as well. Amador County has a percentage of old Zinfandel vines
Boggs Mountain Demonstration State Forest
Boggs Mountain Demonstration State Forest is a state forest located on State Route 175, eight miles south of Clear Lake in Lake County, California, USA. It is one of the largest mountains in the area, with a length of 10 miles east to west, the mountains highest point is 3,750 feet elevation. Like nearby mountains such as Cobb Mountain, Boggs is volcanic in origin and it receives heavy rainfall, winter snow and has at least two perennial springs. Boggs Mountain State Forest is managed by the California Department of Forestry, CDF purchased 3,433 acres in 1949 from the Calso Company for 38,000 dollars Due to hazards from the Valley Fire, the forest is now closed until further notice. Later, the changed to Digger Jones Mountain, for a short time. Henry C. Boggs was the son of Liburn W. Boggs, in 1880, Henry C. bought a small lot on the eastern edge of the present forest boundary, moved his sawmill there and cut stands of Ponderosa pine, sugar pine and Douglas-fir. By 1884, he had bought most of the area of the state forest, the Farmers Savings Bank became the owners of the property in 1898.
The property was sold several times after 1898 and one of the owners was Jim McCauley and his heirs sold the timber rights to Setzer Forest Products. Setzer clearcut more than 2,800 acres of the property, under the authority of the State Forest Purchase Act, California purchased the land intending the use as a demonstration forest. Setzer completed logging operations in 1950, and by 1954, all timber interests, the forest is managed as multiple-use, so in addition to logging, there are two campgrounds and 22 miles of dirt roads,14 miles of trails for hiking, mountain biking and horseback riding. There is a variety of terrain including meadows, ridge tops, campsites consist of tables and fire rings. Camping and use of gas stoves are limited to campgrounds, according to data from the Boggs Mountain State Demonstration Forest brochure, the timber growth rate of the forest is 300 board feet per acre per year. Hunting is permitted under applicable State game laws, pets are welcome but must be leashed and controlled.
Horses are allowed in only with a special use permit. All Terrain Vehicles are not allowed at Boggs, only street legal vehicles are allowed and must stay on the forest roadways
Shasta County, California
Shasta County, officially the County of Shasta, is a county located in the northern portion of the U. S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 177,223, Shasta County comprises the Redding, California Metropolitan Statistical Area. The county occupies the northern reaches of the Sacramento Valley, with portions extending into the reaches of the Cascade Range. Points of interest in Shasta County include Shasta Lake, Lassen Peak, Shasta County was one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. Parts of the territory were given to Siskiyou County in 1852. The county was named after Mount Shasta, the name Shasta is derived from the English equivalent for the name of an Indian tribe that lived in the area. The name of the tribe was spelled in various ways until the present version was used when the county was established, originally Mt. Shasta was within the county, but it is now part of Siskiyou County, to the north. Its 14, 179-foot peak is visible throughout most of Shasta County, according to the U. S.
Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,847 square miles, of which 3,775 square miles is land and 72 square miles is water. Mountains line the county on the east and west, the Sacramento River flows out of the mountains to the north, through the center of the county, and toward the Sacramento Valley to the south. According to Willis Linn Jepson the biota of Shasta County were not explored in a scientific manner until just before the year 1900, Shasta County has extensive forests, which cover over one half the land area with commercially productive forest systems. Common forest alliances include mixed oak woodland and mixed conifer-oak woodland as well as douglas fir forest, common trees found include White-bark pine, California Black Oak and California Buckeye. In more recent times it is a strongly Republican county in Presidential and congressional elections, the last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Jimmy Carter in 1976. In the United States House of Representatives, Shasta County is in Californias 1st congressional district, in the California State Legislature, Shasta County is in the 1st Senate District, represented by Republican Ted Gaines, and the 1st Assembly District, represented by Republican Brian Dahle.
Interstate 5 State Route 36 State Route 44 State Route 89 State Route 151 State Route 273 State Route 299 Redding Area Bus Authority provides service in, one route operates to Burney via State Route 299. Greyhound buses and Amtrak trains both serve Redding, Redding Municipal Airport has scheduled passenger flights. Other airports within the county include Benton Field, Fall River Mills Airport, the following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense. The 2010 United States Census reported that Shasta County had a population of 177,223. The racial makeup of Shasta County was 153,726 White,1,548 African American,4,950 Native American,4,391 Asian,271 Pacific Islander,4,501 from other races, Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14,878 persons
Napa County, California
Napa County is a county located north of San Pablo Bay in the northern portion of the U. S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 136,484, the county seat is the City of Napa. Napa County was one of the counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. Parts of the territory were given to Lake County in 1861. Napa County comprises the Napa, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland. It is one of four North Bay counties, in prehistoric times, the valley was inhabited by the Patwin Native Americans, with possible habitation by Wappo tribes in the northwestern foothills. Most villages are thought to have been constructed near the floodplains of watercourses that drain the valley and their food consisted of wild roots, small animals, earthworms and bread made from crushed California buckeye kernels. In winter they would construct huts made of tree branches, in summer they camped near rivers and streams. In winter months, they were clad in wild animal skins.
The maximum prehistoric population is not to have exceeded 5000 persons. In 1776, a fort was erected by the Spanish Governor, Felipe de Neve a short distance northwest of Napa, francis Castro and Father Jose Altimura were the first Europeans to explore the Napa Valley in 1823. When the first white settlers arrived in the early 1830s, there were six tribes in the valley speaking different dialects, the Mayacomos tribe lived in the area where Calistoga was founded. The Callajomans were in the area near where the town of St. Helena now stands, further south, the Kymus dwelt in the middle part of the valley. The Napa and Ulcus tribes occupied part of the area where the City of Napa now exists while the Soscol tribe occupied the portion that now makes up the end of the valley. Many of the native peoples died during an epidemic in 1838. Settlers killed several over claims of cattle theft, during the era between 1836 and 1846, when California was a province of independent Mexico, the following 13 ranchos were granted in Napa County, George C.
Yount was a settler in Napa County and is believed to be the first Anglo-Saxon resident in the county. In 1836 Yount obtained the Mexican grant Rancho Caymus where he built what is said to be the first log house in California, soon afterward, he built a sawmill and grain mill, and was the first person to plant a vineyard in the county
Cobb is a census designated place in Lake County, United States. Cobb is located 1 mile northwest of Whispering Pines, at an elevation of 2631 feet, the population was 1,778 at the 2010 census, up from 1,638 at the 2000 census. The area is named for John Cobb, who settled in Cobb Valley in 1853, the first post office at Cobb opened in 1911. Highway 175 was mentioned as the next to last highway ridden in the classic book Zen, many of the community homes were destroyed in September 2015 by the Valley Fire. Cobb is located on State highway 175 at an elevation of 2,600 ft. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has an area of 5.0 square miles. Lake County, CA borders Napa County to the SE, Sonoma County to the W, Mendocino County to the NW, Glenn County to the NE and Colusa, the Geysers Geothermal Field is located just south of Cobb. This region experiences warm and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F, according to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Cobb has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated Csb on climate maps.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Cobb had a population of 1,778, the population density was 356.4 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Cobb was 1,625 White,14 African American,31 Native American,13 Asian,1 Pacific Islander,26 from other races, Hispanic or Latino of any race were 113 persons. The Census reported that 1,778 people lived in households,0 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, there were 46 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 10 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 208 households were made up of individuals and 70 had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.25. There were 526 families, the family size was 2.68. The median age was 50.1 years, for every 100 females there were 105.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.9 males, there were 1,064 housing units at an average density of 213.3 per square mile, of which 616 were owner-occupied, and 173 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3. 4%, the vacancy rate was 8. 9%. 1,369 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 409 people lived in housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,638 people,637 households, the population density was 334.5 people per square mile
California is the most populous state in the United States and the third most extensive by area. Located on the western coast of the U. S, California is bordered by the other U. S. states of Oregon and Arizona and shares an international border with the Mexican state of Baja California. Los Angeles is Californias most populous city, and the second largest after New York City. The Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nations second- and fifth-most populous urban regions, California has the nations most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The Central Valley, an agricultural area, dominates the states center. What is now California was first settled by various Native American tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries, the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its war for independence.
The western portion of Alta California was organized as the State of California, the California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom. If it were a country, California would be the 6th largest economy in the world, fifty-eight percent of the states economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5 percent of the states economy, the story of Calafia is recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián, written as a sequel to Amadis de Gaula by Spanish adventure writer Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. The kingdom of Queen Calafia, according to Montalvo, was said to be a land inhabited by griffins and other strange beasts. This conventional wisdom that California was an island, with maps drawn to reflect this belief, shortened forms of the states name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA.
Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000. The Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their organization with bands, villages. Trade and military alliances fostered many social and economic relationships among the diverse groups, the first European effort to explore the coast as far north as the Russian River was a Spanish sailing expedition, led by Portuguese captain Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, in 1542. Some 37 years English explorer Francis Drake explored and claimed a portion of the California coast in 1579. Spanish traders made unintended visits with the Manila galleons on their trips from the Philippines beginning in 1565
Angwin is a census-designated place in Napa County, United States. California, best known as the site of Pacific Union College and it is part of the northern San Francisco Bay Area. The population was 3,051 at the 2010 census and its two zip codes are 94508 and 94576. It is in the Pacific time zone, the town was named in 1874 for Edwin Angwin who ran a resort on the land the town now occupies. Edwin Angwin was a native of St. Agnes, Angwin is a Cornish surname meaning the white and is comparable to the English surname White. Angwin is totally dominated by Seventh-day Adventists, in 1909, Pacific Union College, an Adventist liberal arts college, moved from Healdsburg to Angwin. Although many of the refrain from drinking alcohol because of religious beliefs. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has an area of 4.9 square miles,99. 14% of it land and 0. 86% of it water. Angwins Pacific Union College has maintained a National Weather Service cooperative weather station since 1940, average January temperatures are a maximum of 52.2 °F and a minimum of 37.9 °F.
There are an average of 35.3 days with highs of 90.0 °F or higher and 25.1 days with lows of 32.0 °F or lower, the record high temperature was 110 °F on July 15,1972. The record low temperature was 14 °F on December 9,1972, average annual precipitation is 40.60 inches. The wettest year was 1983 with 88.89 inches and the driest year was 1990 with 19.00 inches, the most precipitation in one month was 40.81 inches in January 2017. The most precipitation in 24 hours was 9.32 inches on January 08,2017, average annual snowfall is 2.0 inches. The most snow in one year was 23.3 inches in 1952, the 2010 United States Census reported that Angwin had a population of 3,051. The population density was 626.4 people per square mile, the racial makeup of Angwin was 2,124 White,139 African American,22 Native American,339 Asian,5 Pacific Islander,234 from other races, and 188 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 625 persons, the Census reported that 2,058 people lived in households,944 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 49 were institutionalized.
There were 28 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 7 same-sex married couples or partnerships,209 households were made up of individuals and 38 had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50, there were 560 families, the average family size was 2.93
A U. S. state is a constituent political entity of the United States of America. There are 50 states, which are together in a union with each other. Each state holds administrative jurisdiction over a geographic territory. Due to the shared sovereignty between each state and the government, Americans are citizens of both the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons covered by certain types of court orders. States range in population from just under 600,000 to over 39 million, four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names. States are divided into counties or county-equivalents, which may be assigned some local authority but are not sovereign. County or county-equivalent structure varies widely by state, State governments are allocated power by the people through their individual constitutions. All are grounded in principles, and each provides for a government.
States possess a number of powers and rights under the United States Constitution, Constitution has been amended, and the interpretation and application of its provisions have changed. The general tendency has been toward centralization and incorporation, with the government playing a much larger role than it once did. There is a debate over states rights, which concerns the extent and nature of the states powers and sovereignty in relation to the federal government. States and their residents are represented in the federal Congress, a legislature consisting of the Senate. Each state is represented in the Senate by two senators, and is guaranteed at least one Representative in the House, members of the House are elected from single-member districts. Representatives are distributed among the states in proportion to the most recent constitutionally mandated decennial census, the Constitution grants to Congress the authority to admit new states into the Union. Since the establishment of the United States in 1776, the number of states has expanded from the original 13 to 50, alaska and Hawaii are the most recent states admitted, both in 1959.
The Constitution is silent on the question of states have the power to secede from the Union. Shortly after the Civil War, the U. S. Supreme Court, in Texas v. White, as a result, while the governments of the various states share many similar features, they often vary greatly with regard to form and substance
Santa Cruz County, California
Santa Cruz County, officially the County of Santa Cruz, is a county on the Pacific coast of the U. S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 262,382, the county seat is Santa Cruz. Santa Cruz County comprises the Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area, the county is on the California Central Coast, south of the San Francisco Bay Area region. The county forms the northern coast of the Monterey Bay, with Monterey County forming the southern coast, Santa Cruz County was one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. In the original act, the county was given the name of Branciforte after the Spanish pueblo founded there in 1797, a major watercourse in the county, Branciforte Creek, still bears this name. Less than two months on April 5,1850, the name was changed to Santa Cruz, mission Santa Cruz, established in 1791 and completed in 1794, was destroyed by the 1857 Fort Tejon earthquake, but a smaller-scale replica was erected in 1931.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 607 square miles. It is the second-smallest county in California by land area and third-smallest by total area, of Californias counties, only San Francisco is physically smaller. The county is situated on a coastline with over 29 miles of beaches. It is a strip of about 10 miles wide between the coast and the crest of the Santa Cruz Mountains at the end of the Monterey Bay. Agriculture is concentrated in the lowlands of the countys northern and southern ends. Most of the coastline is flanked by cliffs, like underwater parks, these marine protected areas help conserve ocean wildlife and marine ecosystems. The 2010 United States Census reported Santa Cruz County had a population of 262,382, hispanic or Latino of any race were 84,092 persons. As of the census of 2000, there were 255,602 people,91,139 households, the population density was 574 people per square mile. There were 98,873 housing units at a density of 222 per square mile. 25. 1% of all households were made up of individuals and 8. 2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.25.
In the county, the population was out with 23. 8% under the age of 18,11. 9% from 18 to 24,30. 8% from 25 to 44,23. 5% from 45 to 64. The median age was 35 years, for every 100 females there were 99.7 males
A state forest is a forest that is administered or protected by some agency of a sovereign or federated state, or territory. The precise application of the term varies by jurisdiction, for example, In Australia, it is forest that is protected by state laws, rather than by the Government of Australia. In Poland, state-owned forests are managed by the State Forests agency In the United Kingdom, in the United States, it is a forest owned by one of the individual states. The purpose of a state forest varies between countries and the quality of the landscape it covers, in most places, state forests are divided into land for logging plantations, area for conservation, area for livestock grazing and area for visitor recreation. List of types of formally designated forests
Tulare County, California
Tulare County is a county in the U. S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 442,179, the county is named for Tulare Lake, once the largest freshwater lake west of the Great Lakes. Drained for agricultural development, the site is now in Kings County, Tulare County comprises the Visalia-Porterville, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area. The county is located south of Fresno, spanning from the San Joaquin Valley east to the Sierra Nevada. Sequoia National Park is located in the county, as are part of Kings Canyon National Park, in its northeast corner, as of the 2010 census, the population was 442,179, up from 368,021 at the 2000 census. The land was occupied for thousands of years by varying cultures of indigenous peoples, beginning in the eighteenth century, Spain established missions to colonize California and convert the American Indians to Christianity. Comandante Pedro Fages, while hunting for deserters in the Central Valley in 1772, discovered a lake surrounded by marshes and filled with rushes.
It is from this lake that the county derives its name, the root of the name Tulare is found in the Nahuatl word tullin, designating cattail or similar reeds. After Mexico achieved independence, it continued to rule California, after the Mexican Cession and the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848, the area became part of the United States. Tulare County was soon formed from parts of Mariposa County only 4 years in 1852, there were two early attempts to split off a new Buena Vista County in 1855, and Coso County in 1864, but both failed. Parts of the territory were given to Fresno County in 1856, to Kern County and to Inyo County in 1866. The infectious disease Tularemia caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis is named after Tulare County, in 1908 Colonel Allen Allensworth and associates founded Allensworth as a black farming community. They intended to develop a place where African Americans could thrive free of white discrimination and it was the only community in California founded and governed by African Americans.
While its first years were successful, the community encountered environmental problems from dropping water tables which eventually caused it to fail. Today the historic area is preserved as the Colonel Allensworth State Historic Park, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 4,839 square miles. It was established in 1890 as the second U. S. national park, the park is south of and contiguous with Kings Canyon National Park, the two are administered by the National Park Service as one unit, called Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. State Route 43 State Route 63 State Route 65 State Route 99 State Route 180 State Route 190 State Route 198 Tulare County Transit provides a bus service linking the population centers