Broadway station (Caltrain)
Broadway is a Caltrain station in Burlingame, California. Caltrain only serves the stop on holidays. A station in north Burlingame was opened around 1911, renamed to Buri Buri in 1917 Broadway in 1926. A lightly-used station at nearby Easton was in service until at least 1925; the former Southern Pacific Railroad depot building at Broadway is used as a restaurant. Like most stations on the corridor, the Southern Pacific built Broadway with a side platform on the west track for southbound trains, a narrow island platform between the tracks for northbound trains; because of the narrow center platform for northbound passengers, a hold-out rule is in effect at the station: if a train is stopped for passengers, an approaching train in the opposite direction on the other track must wait outside the station. The resulting delays were the main reason that Broadway became a weekend-only station on August 1, 2005, shortly after the Caltrain Express project was completed. A free shuttle to Millbrae station was implemented in lieu of weekday service.
After the electrification of Caltrain is completed, daily service is planned to be reinstated at Broadway. The nearby level grade crossing at Broadway Avenue is planned to be grade-separated, with construction projected to start as early as 2025 if funding can be identified; the at-grade crossing has been identified as the second-most necessary grade separation among 10,000 at-grade crossings in California because it handles 70,000 vehicles per day, city officials state it is the site of the worst traffic congestion in Burlingame. Grade separation is projected to cost $250 million. Plans for a grade separation started in 1965 when the Peninsula Commute was being operated by the Southern Pacific Railroad, but were stymied by the complex geometry of Broadway, which intersects with roads east and west of the level crossing, passes over U. S. 101 at an interchange rebuilt in 2017, the heavy rail traffic, projected at more than 114 trains per day by 2020. Traffic through the actual grade crossing was estimated at 27,000 vehicles per day in 2015.
There are an average of two accidents and 105 traffic citations issued each year resulting from traffic stopped on the tracks. Seven alternatives were studied in the Broadway Grade Separation Project Study Report, which recommended Alternative A, a combination of elevating the rail line for 7,300 feet and depressing the roadway for a length of 730 feet, resulting in acceptable grades of up to 4.8 percent for road traffic and 0.75 percent for rail traffic. Under Alternative A, shoofly tracks would first be constructed east of the existing line and west of Carolan rail traffic would be diverted while the existing line was elevated. After the new rail bridge and embankments were completed, rail traffic would shift back to the newly elevated original alignment and Broadway would be temporarily closed while being reconstructed at a depressed alignment. Alternatives with the rail line lowered were considered, but they were rejected because of the high cost of drainage due to three nearby creeks.
Broadway station would be rebuilt with an island platform to remove the existing hold-out rule. A preliminary design for the grade separation and station rebuild is anticipated for Spring 2019. Caltrain - Broadway
Bay Area Rapid Transit
Bay Area Rapid Transit is a rapid transit public transportation system serving the San Francisco Bay Area in California. The heavy rail elevated and subway system connects San Francisco and Oakland with urban and suburban areas in Alameda, Contra Costa, San Mateo counties. BART serves 48 stations along six routes on 112 miles of rapid transit lines, including a ten-mile spur line in eastern Contra Costa County which utilizes diesel multiple-unit trains and a 3.2-mile automated guideway transit line to the Oakland International Airport. With an average of 423,000 weekday passengers and 124.2 million annual passengers in fiscal year 2017, BART is the fifth-busiest heavy rail rapid transit system in the United States. BART is operated by the San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District, formed in 1957; the initial system opened in stages from 1972 to 1974. As of late 2019, it is being expanded to San Jose with the Silicon Valley BART extensions; some of the Bay Area Rapid Transit system's current coverage area was once served by an electrified streetcar and suburban train system called the Key System.
This early 20th-century system once had regular transbay traffic across the lower deck of the Bay Bridge, but the system was dismantled in the 1950s, with its last transbay crossing in 1958, was superseded by highway travel. A 1950s study of traffic problems in the Bay Area concluded the most cost-effective solution for the Bay Area's traffic woes would be to form a transit district charged with the construction and operation of a new, high-speed rapid transit system linking the cities and suburbs. Formal planning for BART began with the setting up in 1957 of the Bay Area Rapid Transit District, a county-based special-purpose district body that governs the BART system; the district began with five members, all of which were projected to receive BART lines: Alameda County, Contra Costa County, the City and County of San Francisco, San Mateo County, Marin County. Although invited to participate, Santa Clara County supervisors elected not to join BART due to their dissatisfaction that the peninsula line only stopped at Palo Alto and that it interfered with suburban development in San Jose, preferring instead to concentrate on constructing freeways and expressways.
In 1962, San Mateo County supervisors voted to leave BART, saying their voters would be paying taxes to carry Santa Clara County residents. The district-wide tax base was weakened by San Mateo's departure, forcing Marin County to withdraw a month later. Despite the fact that Marin had voted in favor of BART participation at the 88% level, its marginal tax base could not adequately absorb its share of BART's projected cost. Another important factor in Marin's withdrawal was an engineering controversy over the feasibility of running trains on the lower deck of the Golden Gate Bridge, an extension forecast as late as three decades after the rest of the BART system; the withdrawals of Marin and San Mateo resulted in a downsizing of the original system plans, which would have had lines as far south as Palo Alto and northward past San Rafael. Voters in the three remaining participating counties approved the truncated system, with termini in Fremont, Richmond and Daly City, in 1962. Construction of the system began in 1964, included a number of major engineering challenges, including excavating subway tunnels in San Francisco and Berkeley.
Passenger service began on September 11, 1972 just between MacArthur and Fremont. The rest of the system opened in stages, with the entire system opening in 1974 when the transbay service through the Transbay Tube began; the new BART system was hailed as a major step forward in subway technology, although questions were asked concerning the safety of the system and the huge expenditures necessary for the construction of the network. Ridership remained well below projected levels throughout the 1970s, direct service from Daly City to Richmond and Fremont was not phased in until several years after the system opened; some of the early safety concerns appeared to be well founded when the system experienced a number of train-control failures in its first few years of operation. As early as 1969, before revenue service began, several BART engineers identified safety problems with the Automatic Train Control system; the BART Board of Directors was retaliated by firing them. Less than a month after the system's opening, on October 2, 1972, an ATC failure caused a train to run off the end of the elevated track at the terminal Fremont station and crash to the ground, injuring four people.
The “Fremont Flyer” led to a comprehensive redesign of the train controls and resulted in multiple investigations being opened by the California State Senate, California Public Utilities Commission, National Transportation Safety Board. Hearings by the state legislature in 1974 into financial mismanagement at BART forced the General Manager to resign in May 1974, the entire Board of Directors was replaced the same year when the legislature passed legislation leading to the election of a new Board and the end of appointed members. Before the BART system opened, planners projected several possible extensions. Although Marin county was left out of the original sys
San Carlos station
San Carlos is a Caltrain regional rail station in San Carlos, California. The elevated station has two side platforms serving the two tracks of the Peninsula Subdivision; the Romanesque Revival style stationbuilding was built by the Southern Pacific Railroad in 1888. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984 as Southern Pacific Depot. Media related to San Carlos station at Wikimedia Commons Caltrain - San Carlos station
A right-of-way is a right to make a way over a piece of land to and from another piece of land. A right of way is a type of easement granted or reserved over the land for transportation purposes, such as a highway, public footpath, rail transport, canal, as well as electrical transmission lines and gas pipelines. A right-of-way can be used to build a bike trail. A right-of-way is reserved for the purposes of maintenance or expansion of existing services with the right-of-way. In the case of an easement, it may revert to its original owners. In the United States, railroad rights-of-way are considered private property by the respective railroad owners and by applicable state laws. Most U. S. railroads employ their own police forces, who can arrest and prosecute trespassers found on their rights-of-way. Some railroad rights-of-way include recreational rail trails. In the United Kingdom, railway companies received the right to resume land for a right-of-way by a private Act of Parliament; the various designations of railroad right of way are as follows: Active track is any track, used or only once in a while.
Out of service means the right of way is preserved, the railroad retains the right to activate it. The line could be out of service for decades, thus track or crossings that have been removed need to be replaced. By an embargo the track is removed, but the right of way is preserved and is converted into a walking or cycling path or other such use. An abandonment is a lengthy formal process. In most cases the track is removed and sold for scrap and any grade crossings are redone; the line will never be active again. The right of way reverts to the adjoining property owners. Railroad rights-of-way need not be for railroad tracks and related equipment. Easements are given to permit the laying of communication cables or natural gas pipelines, or to run electric power transmission lines overhead, along a railroad
San Francisco the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural and financial center of Northern California. San Francisco is the 13th-most populous city in the United States, the fourth-most populous in California, with 884,363 residents as of 2017, it covers an area of about 46.89 square miles at the north end of the San Francisco Peninsula in the San Francisco Bay Area, making it the second-most densely populated large US city, the fifth-most densely populated U. S. county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs. San Francisco is part of the fifth-most populous primary statistical area in the United States, the San Jose–San Francisco–Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area; as of 2017, it was the seventh-highest income county in the United States, with a per capita personal income of $119,868. As of 2015, San Francisco proper had a GDP of $154.2 billion, a GDP per capita of $177,968. The San Francisco CSA was the country's third-largest urban economy as of 2017, with a GDP of $907 billion.
Of the 500+ primary statistical areas in the US, the San Francisco CSA had among the highest GDP per capita in 2017, at $93,938. San Francisco was ranked 14th in the world and third in the United States on the Global Financial Centres Index as of September 2018. San Francisco was founded on June 29, 1776, when colonists from Spain established Presidio of San Francisco at the Golden Gate and Mission San Francisco de Asís a few miles away, all named for St. Francis of Assisi; the California Gold Rush of 1849 brought rapid growth, making it the largest city on the West Coast at the time. San Francisco became a consolidated city-county in 1856. San Francisco's status as the West Coast's largest city peaked between 1870 and 1900, when around 25% of California's population resided in the city proper. After three-quarters of the city was destroyed by the 1906 earthquake and fire, San Francisco was rebuilt, hosting the Panama-Pacific International Exposition nine years later. In World War II, San Francisco was a major port of embarkation for service members shipping out to the Pacific Theater.
It became the birthplace of the United Nations in 1945. After the war, the confluence of returning servicemen, significant immigration, liberalizing attitudes, along with the rise of the "hippie" counterculture, the Sexual Revolution, the Peace Movement growing from opposition to United States involvement in the Vietnam War, other factors led to the Summer of Love and the gay rights movement, cementing San Francisco as a center of liberal activism in the United States. Politically, the city votes along liberal Democratic Party lines. A popular tourist destination, San Francisco is known for its cool summers, steep rolling hills, eclectic mix of architecture, landmarks, including the Golden Gate Bridge, cable cars, the former Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary, Fisherman's Wharf, its Chinatown district. San Francisco is the headquarters of five major banking institutions and various other companies such as Levi Strauss & Co. Gap Inc. Fitbit, Salesforce.com, Reddit, Inc. Dolby, Weebly, Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Pinterest, Uber, Mozilla, Wikimedia Foundation and Weather Underground.
It is home to a number of educational and cultural institutions, such as the University of San Francisco, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco State University, the De Young Museum, the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, the California Academy of Sciences. As of 2019, San Francisco is the highest rated American city on world liveability rankings; the earliest archaeological evidence of human habitation of the territory of the city of San Francisco dates to 3000 BC. The Yelamu group of the Ohlone people resided in a few small villages when an overland Spanish exploration party, led by Don Gaspar de Portolà, arrived on November 2, 1769, the first documented European visit to San Francisco Bay. Seven years on March 28, 1776, the Spanish established the Presidio of San Francisco, followed by a mission, Mission San Francisco de Asís, established by the Spanish explorer Juan Bautista de Anza. Upon independence from Spain in 1821, the area became part of Mexico. Under Mexican rule, the mission system ended, its lands became privatized.
In 1835, Englishman William Richardson erected the first independent homestead, near a boat anchorage around what is today Portsmouth Square. Together with Alcalde Francisco de Haro, he laid out a street plan for the expanded settlement, the town, named Yerba Buena, began to attract American settlers. Commodore John D. Sloat claimed California for the United States on July 7, 1846, during the Mexican–American War, Captain John B. Montgomery arrived to claim Yerba Buena two days later. Yerba Buena was renamed San Francisco on January 30 of the next year, Mexico ceded the territory to the United States at the end of the war. Despite its attractive location as a port and naval base, San Francisco was still a small settlement with inhospitable geography; the California Gold Rush brought a flood of treasure seekers. With their sourdough bread in tow, prospectors accumulated in San Francisco over rival Benicia, raising the population from 1,000 in 1848 to 25,000 by December 1849; the promise of great wealth was so strong that crews on arriving vessels deserted and rushed off to the gold fields, leaving behind a forest of masts in San Francisco harbor.
Some of these 500 abandoned ships were used at times as storeships and hotels.
Palo Alto station
Palo Alto station is an intermodal transit center located in Palo Alto, California. It is served by Caltrain regional rail service, SamTrans and Santa Clara VTA local bus service, Dumbarton Express regional bus service, the Stanford University Marguerite Shuttle, several local shuttle services. Palo Alto is the second-busiest Caltrain station after San Francisco, averaging 7,764 weekday boardings by a 2018 count; the Caltrain station has two side platforms serving the two tracks of the Peninsula Subdivision, while the bus transfer plaza is located nearby. The San Francisco and San Jose Railroad was built through then-empty land north of Mayfield in 1863; the first Palo Alto station was opened in 1890 to serve the then-new Stanford University. It was replaced by a larger depot in 1896; the Southern Pacific Railroad opened a new station in 1941 as part of a grade separation project. Designed by John H. Christie, it was constructed in the Streamline Moderne style to match the railroad's Daylight series of streamlined passenger trains.
Intercity service to Palo Alto ended in 1971. The station building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as Palo Alto Southern Pacific Railroad Depot in 1996; the San Francisco and San Jose Railroad opened from San Francisco to Mayfield in 1863, to San Jose the next year. Several decades Leland Stanford founded the new town of Palo Alto to the north of Mayfield. Palo Alto station was opened in 1890 to serve the new Stanford University; the original structure had open sides supported by posts. A temporary building for ticket sales and baggage was constructed between it and a retrofitted former boxcar. A new station, costing $5,500, was completed in 1896. Larger than the previous depot, it had five wooden arches styled after the Richardsonian Romanesque masonry arches of the university campus, it was never locally popular, calls came for its replacement as early as the 1920s. In 1939, the Southern Pacific Railroad began a grade separation project in Palo Alto; the tracks were moved 80 feet west and raised 5 feet, with University Avenue lowered under the tracks and Alma Street just south of the station.
A temporary station on the east side of the tracks was built in 1939, the cornerstone for a new station building was laid on October 20, 1940. The new station was opened with a parade on March 8, 1941; the whole project cost $700,000, most of, paid for by the federal government. The new station building was constructed in the Streamline Moderne style, in contrast to the earlier Mission Revival and Spanish Colonial Revival buildings in Palo Alto designed by Birge Clark. Designed by SP architect John H. Christie, it was styled after the railroad's Daylight series of streamlined passenger trains; the station is 215 feet long by 25 feet wide. The larger building housed the ticket office and waiting room, with the smaller baggage room to the north; the waiting room contains a 1944 mural by John McQuarrie showing facts and events in the history of California. The station's design is typical of the Streamline Moderne movement. A shelter was built on the eastern platform. Three pedestrian underpasses were built: one north of the station building, a pair flanking University Avenue.
Although the relocated right-of-way was built to fit four tracks, only three tracks were built. The platforms were 1,400 feet long to accommodate longer intercity trains. Intercity service to Palo Alto lasted until May 1, 1971, when Amtrak took over service from the private railroads; the San Francisco–Monterey Del Monte was discontinued, while the San Francisco–Los Angeles Coast Daylight was rerouted via Oakland. SP Peninsula Commute local service continued to stop. In 1982, the station building was refurbished and landscaping was added; the station was added to the National Register of Historic Places as an example of the Streamline Moderne style on April 18, 1996. In April 1999, the former baggage building was converted into a free staffed bike station with 80 spaces, it was closed on October 27, 2004 for asbestos removal as part of a $1.2 million renovation of the station buildings. The bicycle station reopened on February 2007 as a paid and unstaffed facility with 96 spaces; the bus plaza adjacent to the station building was renovated in 2005.
From 2008 to 2009, Caltrain constructed the $35 million Palo Alto Stations Improvement Project at Palo Alto and California Avenue stations. At Palo Alto, the northern underpass was modified to make it accessible, allowing the nearby pedestrian level crossing to be closed; the platforms were lengthened. New lighting and message signs were installed. Palo Alto is the second-busiest Caltrain station after San Francisco, averaging 7,764 weekday boardings by a 2018 count. A 2007 city report called for additional expansion and renovation of the station area in conjunction with the California High Speed Rail project; the rail line would be widened to four tracks with two island platforms - an additional northbound tra
San Bruno, California
San Bruno is a city in San Mateo County, United States, incorporated in 1914. The population was 41,114 at the 2010 United States Census; the city is located between South San Francisco and Millbrae, adjacent to San Francisco International Airport and Golden Gate National Cemetery, is 12 miles south of downtown San Francisco. The city is located between South San Francisco and Millbrae, adjacent to San Francisco International Airport and Golden Gate National Cemetery, is 12 miles south of downtown San Francisco. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.5 square miles, all of it land. The city spreads from the flat lowlands near San Francisco Bay into the foothills of the Santa Cruz Mountains, which rise to more than 600 feet above sea level in Crestmoor and more than 700 feet above sea level in Portola Highlands. San Bruno City Hall sits at an official elevation of 41 feet above sea level. Portions of Mills Park and Rollingwood are hilly, featuring canyons and ravines.
Creeks, many of them now in culverts, flow from springs in the hills toward San Francisco Bay. Just west of Skyline Boulevard and outside of city limits is San Andreas Lake, which got its name from the San Andreas Fault; the lake is one of several reservoirs used by the San Francisco Water Department, providing water to San Francisco and several communities in San Mateo County, including San Bruno west of I-280. San Bruno enjoys a mild Mediterranean climate characterized by mild to warm, dry summers and cool, wet winters. Since 1927, the National Weather Service has maintained a weather station at the nearby San Francisco International Airport. According to the official records, January is the coldest month with an average high of 55.9 °F and an average low of 42.9 °F. Frost occurs during the winter months. Measurable snowfalls occurred on December 11, 1932, February 5, 1976. In recent years, traces of snow have been reported on December 27, 1988. Freezing temperatures occur on an average of only 1.3 days annually.
The coldest winter temperature on record was 20 °F on December 11, 1932, the same day 1.0 inch of snow fell. A week-long cold spell in December 1972 caused hard freezes throughout the area, damaging trees and plants and causing some water pipes to break. September is the warmest month with an average high of 72.7 °F and an average low of 55.1 °F. Temperatures exceed 90 °F on an average of 4.0 days annually. Fog and low overcast are common during the night and morning hours in the summer months, which are very dry except for occasional light drizzle from the fog. On rare occasions moisture moving up from tropical storms has produced thunderstorms or showers in the summer. Gusty westerly winds are common in the afternoon during the summer; the highest summer temperature was 106 °F on June 14, 1961, breaking a record of 104 °F set in June 1960. A high of 105 °F was recorded on July 17, 1988, a high of 104 °F was recorded on September 1, 2017; until August 1, 1993, it had never reached 100 °F in August, one of the foggier months in the area.
Due to thermal inversions, summer temperatures in the higher hills are much higher than at the airport. Thunderstorms occur several times a year during the winter months, but are quite brief. Total annual precipitation, most of which falls from November to April, ranges from 20.11 inches at the nearby National Weather Service station at San Francisco International Airport to over 32 inches in the higher hills. Nylund took temperature observations for several years and published weekly weather reports in the San Bruno Herald from 1966 to 1969, which were included in official reports for the Golden Gate National Cemetery; the annual average days with measurable precipitation is 65.2 days. The most rainfall in a month at the airport was 13.64 inches in February 1998, the most rainfall in 24 hours was 5.59 inches on January 4, 1982. Nylund reported 6.09 inches in Crestmoor during a 24-hour period in January 1967. Winter storms are accompanied by strong southerly winds; the 2010 United States Census reported that San Bruno had a population of 41,114.
The population density was 7,505.0 people per square mile. The racial makeup of San Bruno was 20,350 White, 942 African American, 246 Native American, 10,423 Asian, 1,377 Pacific Islander, 5,075 from other races, 2,701 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12,016 persons; the Census reported that 40,716 people lived in households, 316 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 82 were institutionalized. There were 14,701 households, out of which 4,831 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 7,364 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,830 had a female householder with no husband present, 850 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 764 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 123 same-sex married coup