List of Canadian airports by location indicator: CM
Format of entries is:
- Location indicator – IATA – Airport Name (alternate name) – Airport Location
Airports that are part of the National Airports System are emphasised.
Format of entries is:
Airports that are part of the National Airports System are emphasised.
|TC LID||IATA||Airport name||Community||Province/|
|CMA4||Miminiska Water Aerodrome||Miminiska||ON|
|CMA5||Mattawa (Hospital) Heliport||Mattawa||ON|
|CMB2||Meadowbank Aerodrome||Meadowbank Gold Mine||NU|
|CMB3||Cambridge (Puslinch Lake) Water Aerodrome||Cambridge||ON|
|CMB5||Campbellville (Bellshill Airpark) Aerodrome||Campbellville||ON|
|CMB6||Lake Muskoka/Milford Bay Water Aerodrome||Milford Bay||ON|
|CMB7||Maxville (Bourdon Farm) Aerodrome||Maxville||ON|
|CMB8||Combermere/Bonnie Brae Airfield||Combermere||ON|
|CMB9||Port Renfrew (Mill Bay Marine Group) Heliport||Port Renfrew||BC|
|CMBH||Mount Belcher Heliport||Mount Belcher||BC|
|CMC2||Edmonton/Misericordia (Community Hospital) Heliport||Edmonton||AB|
|CMC3||Mayerthorpe (Healthcare Centre) Heliport||Mayerthorpe||AB|
|CMC8||Gravenhurst/Sniders Bay Water Aerodrome||Gravenhurst||ON|
|CME3||Bala (Medora Lake) Aerodrome||Bala||ON|
|CMF2||Edmonton/Calmar (Maplelane Farm) Aerodrome||Calmar||AB|
|CMF3||Lethbridge (Mercer Field) Aerodrome||Lethbridge||AB|
|CMF4||Port Hope (Millson Field) Aerodrome||Port Hope||ON|
|CMH2||Milton (AFI) Heliport||Milton||ON|
|CMH3||Lacombe (Mustang Helicopters) Heliport||Lacombe||AB|
|CMH4||Montréal/Mirabel Hélico Heliport||Montreal||QC|
|CMH5||Medicine Hat (Regional Hospital) Heliport||Medicine Hat||AB|
|CMH6||Valemount (CMH) Heliport||Valemount||BC|
|CMI2||Minden (Hospital) Heliport||Minden||ON|
|CMK2||McKellar (Manitouwabing) Water Aerodrome||McKellar||ON|
|CML2||Quamichan Lake (Raven Field) Airport||Quamichan Lake||BC|
|CML3||Mink Lake Water Aerodrome||Carleton||NS|
|CML4||Gravenhurst (Morrison Lake) Water Aerodrome||Gravenhurst||ON|
|CML5||Thunder Bay (Martin’s Landing) Aerodrome||Thunder Bay||ON|
|CML6||Six Mile Lake (Hungry Bay) Water Aerodrome||Six Mile Lake||ON|
|CML7||Minto Landing Aerodrome||Minto||YT|
|CMN4||Minto Aerodrome||Minto Mine||YT|
|CMN6||Edmonton/Morinville (Mike's Field) Aerodrome||Edmonton||AB|
|CMR2||Mary River Aerodrome||Mary River||NU|
|CMR6||Camrose/St. Mary's Hospital Heliport||Camrose||AB|
|CMS2||Middleton (Soldiers Memorial Hospital) Heliport||Middleton||NS|
|CMS3||Saint-Michel-des-Saints (Marina Le Nautique) Water Aerodrome||Saint-Michel-des-Saints||QC|
|CMT2||Mont-Tremblant (Lac Maskinongé) Water Aerodrome||Mont-Tremblant||QC|
|CMT3||Calgary (Foothills Hospital McCaig Tower) Heliport||Calgary||AB|
|CMW4||Madawaska Collins Field Aerodrome||Madawaska||ON|
|CMZ2||Arthur (Metz Field) Aerodrome||Arthur||ON|
Edmonton is the capital city of the Canadian province of Alberta. Edmonton is on the North Saskatchewan River and is the centre of the Edmonton Metropolitan Region, surrounded by Alberta's central region; the city anchors the north end of what Statistics Canada defines as the "Calgary–Edmonton Corridor". The city had a population of 932,546 in 2016, making it Alberta's second-largest city and Canada's fifth-largest municipality. In 2016, Edmonton had a metropolitan population of 1,321,426, making it the sixth-largest census metropolitan area in Canada. Edmonton is North America's northernmost metropolitan area with a population over one million. A resident of Edmonton is known as an Edmontonian. Edmonton's historic growth has been facilitated through the absorption of five adjacent urban municipalities in addition to a series of annexations through 1982, the annexation of 8,260 ha of land from Leduc County and the city of Beaumont on January 1, 2019. Known as the "Gateway to the North", the city is a staging point for large-scale oil sands projects occurring in northern Alberta and large-scale diamond mining operations in the Northwest Territories.
Edmonton is a cultural and educational centre. It hosts a year-round slate of festivals, reflected in the nickname "Canada's Festival City", it is home to North America's largest mall, West Edmonton Mall, Fort Edmonton Park, Canada's largest living history museum. The earliest known inhabitants arrived in the area, now Edmonton around 3,000 BC and as early as 12,000 BC when an ice-free corridor opened as the last glacial period ended and timber and wildlife became available in the region. In 1754, Anthony Henday, an explorer for the Hudson's Bay Company, may have been the first European to enter the Edmonton area, his expeditions across the Canadian Prairies were to seek contact with the aboriginal population for establishing the fur trade, as the competition was fierce between the Hudson's Bay Company and the North West Company. By 1795, Fort Edmonton was established on the river's north bank as a major trading post for the Hudson's Bay Company; the new fort's name was suggested by John Peter Pruden after Edmonton, the hometown of both the HBC deputy governor Sir James Winter Lake, Pruden.
In 1876, Treaty 6, which includes what is now Edmonton, was signed between the Aboriginal peoples in Canada and Queen Victoria as Queen of Canada, as part of the Numbered Treaties of Canada. The agreement includes the Plains and Woods Cree and other band governments of First Nations at Fort Carlton, Fort Pitt, Battle River; the area covered by the treaty represents most of the central area of the current provinces of Saskatchewan and Alberta. The coming of the Canadian Pacific Railway to southern Alberta in 1885 helped the Edmonton economy, the 1891 building of the Calgary and Edmonton Railway resulted in the emergence of a railway townsite on the river's south side, across from Edmonton; the arrival of the CPR and the C&E Railway helped bring settlers and entrepreneurs from eastern Canada, Europe, U. S. and other parts of the world. The Edmonton area's fertile soil and cheap land attracted settlers, further establishing Edmonton as a major regional commercial and agricultural centre; some people participating in the Klondike Gold Rush passed through South Edmonton/Strathcona in 1897.
Strathcona was North America's northernmost railway point, but travel to the Klondike was still difficult for the "Klondikers," and a majority of them took a steamship north to the Yukon from Vancouver, British Columbia. Incorporated as a town in 1892 with a population of 700 and as a city in 1904 with a population of 8,350, Edmonton became the capital of Alberta when the province was formed a year on September 1, 1905. In November 1905, the Canadian Northern Railway arrived in Edmonton. During the early 1900s, Edmonton's rapid growth led to speculation in real estate. In 1912, Edmonton amalgamated with the City of Strathcona, south of the North Saskatchewan River. Just before World War I, the boom ended, the city's population declined from more than 72,000 in 1914 to less than 54,000 only two years later. Many impoverished families moved to subsistence farms outside the city, while others fled to greener pastures in other provinces. Recruitment to the army during the war contributed to the drop in population.
Afterwards, the city recovered in population and economy during the 1920s and 1930s and took off again during and after World War II. The Edmonton City Centre Airport opened in 1929. Named Blatchford Field in honour of former mayor Kenny Blatchford, pioneering aviators such as Wilfrid R. "Wop" May and Max Ward used Blatchford Field as a major base for distributing mail and medicine to Northern Canada. World War II saw Edmonton become a major base for the construction of the Alaska Highway and the Northwest Staging Route; the airport was closed in November 2013. In 1892 Edmonton was incorporated as a town; the first mayor was Matthew McCauley, who established the first school board in Edmonton and Board of Trade and a municipal police service. Due to mayor McCauley's good relationship with the federal Liberals this helped Edmonton to maintain political prominence over Strathcona, a rival settlement on the south bank of the North Saskatche
Milton is a town in Southern Ontario and part of the Halton Region in the Greater Toronto Area. Between 2001 and 2011 Milton was the fastest growing municipality in Canada, with a 71.4% increase in population from 2001 to 2006 and another 56.5% increase from 2006 to 2011. In 2016, Milton's census population was 110,128 with an estimated growth to 228,000 by 2031. Milton is located 40 km west of Downtown Toronto on Highway 401, is the western terminus for the Milton line commuter train and bus corridor operated by GO Transit. Milton is on the edge of the Niagara Escarpment, a UNESCO world biosphere reserve and the Bruce Trail; the Mississaugas of the Credit held 648,000 acres of land north of the Head of the Lake Purchase lands and extending to the unceded territory of the Chippewa of Lakes Huron and Simcoe. In mid-October, 1818, the Chippewa ceded their land to the Crown in the Lake Simcoe-Nottawasaga Treaty and, by the end of October, the Crown sought to purchase the adjacent lands of the Mississaugas of the Credit.
The Deputy Superintendent of the Indian Department, William Claus, met with the Mississaugas from October 27–29, 1818, proposed that the Mississaugas sell their 648,000 acres of land in exchange for an annual amount of goods. The continuous inflow of settlers into their lands and fisheries had weakened the Mississaugas’ traditional economy and had left them in a state of impoverishment and a declining population. In their enfeebled state, Chief Ajetance, on behalf of the assembled people agreed to the sale of their lands for £522.10 of goods paid annually. Significant municipalities found within the lands of the Ajetance Purchase of 1818 include Brampton and Milton; the town took root out of a settlement by Jasper Martin along the Sixteen Mile Creek. Martin was granted 100 acres of land, from the Crown in 1820, designated Lot 14, Concession 2, Township of Trafalgar, Halton County, in the District of Gore. Martin created a pond, known as Mill Pond, to power his mill; the mill became the centre of settlement for others.
In 1837 the area had a population of 100 people and was named after the English poet John Milton. The town, as it is today, soon after became known as Milton; the two principal property owners of the young town were the Fosters. The current site of Milton's town hall was donated by Mr. Hugh Foster. By 1855, the United Counties of Halton and Wentworth split, Halton became a separate county, its council consisted of members representing the townships of Esquesing, Nassagaweya and Nelson, along with Acton, Milton and Oakville. Milton was named as the county town, a decision that created a lot of local controversy; the people in Oakville were upset because Oakville was an established place with a railway. Milton did not have a railway, according to historian John McDonald. For 25 years there was this great rivalry; every time county council tried to pass something to improve the Milton area, the Oakville councillors would balk at it. A man named Hugh Foster donated 4 acres of land to the county to construct its administration building in Milton, still in place on Mary Street today and now used as the Milton Town Hall.
Milton was incorporated after being chosen as county seat for Halton. By 1869, Milton had a population of 1,000. Records from 1874, indicate that Milton had county buildings, a telegraph office, a foundry, a tannery, a woolen factory, a grist mill and a saw mill, a weekly newspaper and a number of stores. In the early 1900s Milton was well known because of the P. L. Robertson Manufacturing Company, the first to make socket-head screws. Although formed in Hamilton in 1907, the business relocated to Milton in 1908. P. L. Robertson was the inventor of the square-socket drive for screws. In 1974, the present municipal structure was created when the Regional Municipality of Halton replaced Halton County; the new town of Milton added parts of the former township of Esquesing, all of Nassagaweya Township including the village of Campbellville, the northern sections of Trafalgar and Nelson from Oakville and Burlington respectively. With the addition of the Niagara Escarpment lands, tourism and heritage conservation have increased in importance.
The Halton Region Museum, which has a large number of historic agricultural buildings, the Halton County Radial Railway museum are located in Milton, as is Country Heritage Park. Five large parks operated by Conservation Halton reside in the town, Mohawk Raceway is located near Campbellville, it is home to Maplehurst Correctional Complex, the Vanier Centre for Women and one of two criminal courthouses serving Halton Region. On 1 January 2010, land was bought by the City of Mississauga and scaled down its border by 400 acres to Hwy. 407, affecting 25 residents. In 2015, the population numbers on all signs entering Milton increased to 100,000 based on official estimates by Town planners. According to the Canada 2016 Census there were 101,715 people living in Milton, its population in 2006 was 53,939, representing an increase of 56.5%. The 2016 Census counted 31,325 being occupied; the average population density per square kilometre was 2,520.3 persons. Age distribution indicated 32.5% of the population was 19 and younger, 59.1% of the population ages 20–64 and 8.4% 65 and older.
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Montreal is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada. Called Ville-Marie, or "City of Mary", it is named after Mount Royal, the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city; the city is centred on the Island of Montreal, which took its name from the same source as the city, a few much smaller peripheral islands, the largest of, Île Bizard. It has a distinct four-season continental climate with cold, snowy winters. In 2016, the city had a population of 1,704,694, with a population of 1,942,044 in the urban agglomeration, including all of the other municipalities on the Island of Montreal; the broader metropolitan area had a population of 4,098,927. French is the city's official language and is the language spoken at home by 49.8% of the population of the city, followed by English at 22.8% and 18.3% other languages. In the larger Montreal Census Metropolitan Area, 65.8% of the population speaks French at home, compared to 15.3% who speak English.
The agglomeration Montreal is one of the most bilingual cities in Quebec and Canada, with over 59% of the population able to speak both English and French. Montreal is the second-largest French-speaking city in the world, after Paris, it is situated 258 kilometres south-west of Quebec City. The commercial capital of Canada, Montreal was surpassed in population and in economic strength by Toronto in the 1970s, it remains an important centre of commerce, transport, pharmaceuticals, design, art, tourism, fashion, gaming and world affairs. Montreal has the second-highest number of consulates in North America, serves as the location of the headquarters of the International Civil Aviation Organization, was named a UNESCO City of Design in 2006. In 2017, Montreal was ranked the 12th most liveable city in the world by the Economist Intelligence Unit in its annual Global Liveability Ranking, the best city in the world to be a university student in the QS World University Rankings. Montreal has hosted multiple international conferences and events, including the 1967 International and Universal Exposition and the 1976 Summer Olympics.
It is the only Canadian city to have held the Summer Olympics. In 2018, Montreal was ranked as an Alpha− world city; as of 2016 the city hosts the Canadian Grand Prix of Formula One, the Montreal International Jazz Festival and the Just for Laughs festival. In the Mohawk language, the island is called Tiohtià:ke Tsi, it is a name referring to the Lachine Rapids to the island's Ka-wé-no-te. It means "a place where nations and rivers unite and divide". In the Ojibwe language, the land is called Mooniyaang which means "the first stopping place" and is part of the seven fires prophecy; the city was first named Ville Marie by European settlers from La Flèche, or "City of Mary", named for the Virgin Mary. Its current name comes from the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city. According to one theory, the name derives from mont Réal,. A possibility by the Government of Canada on its web site concerning Canadian place names, is that the name was adopted as it is written nowadays because an early map of 1556 used the Italian name of the mountain, Monte Real.
Archaeological evidence demonstrates that First Nations native people occupied the island of Montreal as early as 4,000 years ago. By the year AD 1000, they had started to cultivate maize. Within a few hundred years, they had built fortified villages; the Saint Lawrence Iroquoians, an ethnically and culturally distinct group from the Iroquois nations of the Haudenosaunee based in present-day New York, established the village of Hochelaga at the foot of Mount Royal two centuries before the French arrived. Archeologists have found evidence of their habitation there and at other locations in the valley since at least the 14th century; the French explorer Jacques Cartier visited Hochelaga on October 2, 1535, estimated the population of the native people at Hochelaga to be "over a thousand people". Evidence of earlier occupation of the island, such as those uncovered in 1642 during the construction of Fort Ville-Marie, have been removed. Seventy years the French explorer Samuel de Champlain reported that the St Lawrence Iroquoians and their settlements had disappeared altogether from the St Lawrence valley.
This is believed to be due to epidemics of European diseases, or intertribal wars. In 1611 Champlain established a fur trading post on the Island of Montreal, on a site named La Place Royale. At the confluence of Petite Riviere and St. Lawrence River, it is where present-day Pointe-à-Callière stands. On his 1616 map, Samuel de Champlain named the island Lille de Villemenon, in honour of the sieur de Villemenon, a French dignitary, seeking the viceroyship of New France. In 1639 Jérôme Le Royer de La Dauversière obtained the Seigneurial title to the Island of Montreal in the name of the Notre Dame Society of Montreal to establish a Roman Catholic mission to evangelize natives. Dauversiere hired Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve 30, to lead a group of colonists to build a mission on his new seigneury; the colonists left France in 1641 for Quebec, arrived on the island the following year. On May 17, 1642, Ville-Marie was founded on the southern shore of Montreal is
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada. It is Canada's most populous province accounting for 38.3 percent of the country's population, is the second-largest province in total area. Ontario is fourth-largest jurisdiction in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are included, it is home to the nation's capital city and the nation's most populous city, Ontario's provincial capital. Ontario is bordered by the province of Manitoba to the west, Hudson Bay and James Bay to the north, Quebec to the east and northeast, to the south by the U. S. states of Minnesota, Ohio and New York. All of Ontario's 2,700 km border with the United States follows inland waterways: from the west at Lake of the Woods, eastward along the major rivers and lakes of the Great Lakes/Saint Lawrence River drainage system; these are the Rainy River, the Pigeon River, Lake Superior, the St. Marys River, Lake Huron, the St. Clair River, Lake St. Clair, the Detroit River, Lake Erie, the Niagara River, Lake Ontario and along the St. Lawrence River from Kingston, Ontario, to the Quebec boundary just east of Cornwall, Ontario.
There is only about 1 km of land border made up of portages including Height of Land Portage on the Minnesota border. Ontario is sometimes conceptually divided into Northern Ontario and Southern Ontario; the great majority of Ontario's population and arable land is in the south. In contrast, the larger, northern part of Ontario is sparsely populated with cold winters and heavy forestation; the province is named after Lake Ontario, a term thought to be derived from Ontarí:io, a Huron word meaning "great lake", or skanadario, which means "beautiful water" in the Iroquoian languages. Ontario has about 250,000 freshwater lakes; the province consists of three main geographical regions: The thinly populated Canadian Shield in the northwestern and central portions, which comprises over half the land area of Ontario. Although this area does not support agriculture, it is rich in minerals and in part covered by the Central and Midwestern Canadian Shield forests, studded with lakes and rivers. Northern Ontario is subdivided into two sub-regions: Northeastern Ontario.
The unpopulated Hudson Bay Lowlands in the extreme north and northeast swampy and sparsely forested. Southern Ontario, further sub-divided into four regions. Despite the absence of any mountainous terrain in the province, there are large areas of uplands within the Canadian Shield which traverses the province from northwest to southeast and above the Niagara Escarpment which crosses the south; the highest point is Ishpatina Ridge at 693 metres above sea level in Temagami, Northeastern Ontario. In the south, elevations of over 500 m are surpassed near Collingwood, above the Blue Mountains in the Dundalk Highlands and in hilltops near the Madawaska River in Renfrew County; the Carolinian forest zone covers most of the southwestern region of the province. The temperate and fertile Great Lakes-Saint Lawrence Valley in the south is part of the Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests ecoregion where the forest has now been replaced by agriculture and urban development. A well-known geographic feature is part of the Niagara Escarpment.
The Saint Lawrence Seaway allows navigation to and from the Atlantic Ocean as far inland as Thunder Bay in Northwestern Ontario. Northern Ontario occupies 87 percent of the surface area of the province. Point Pelee is a peninsula of Lake Erie in southwestern Ontario, the southernmost extent of Canada's mainland. Pelee Island and Middle Island in Lake Erie extend farther. All are south of 42°N – farther south than the northern border of California; the climate of Ontario varies by location. It is affected by three air sources: cold, arctic air from the north; the effects of these major air masses on temperature and precipitation depend on latitude, proximity to major bodies of water and to a small extent, terrain relief. In general, most of Ontario's climate is classified as humid continental. Ontario has three main climatic regions; the surrounding Great Lakes influence the climatic region of southern Ontario. During the fall and winter months, heat stored from the lakes is released, moderating the climate near the shores of the lakes.
This gives some parts of southern Ontario milder winters than mid-continental areas at lower latitudes. Parts of Southwestern Ontario have a moderate humid continental climate, similar to that of the inland Mid-Atlantic states and the Great Lakes portion of the Midwestern United States; the region has warm to cold winters. Annual precipitation is well distributed throughout the year. Most of this region lies in the lee of the Great Lakes. In December 2010, the snowbelt set a new record when it was h
Port Hope is a municipality in Southern Ontario, about 109 kilometres east of Toronto and about 159 kilometres west of Kingston. It is located at the mouth of the Ganaraska River on the north shore of Lake Ontario, in the west end of Northumberland County. Port Hope's nearest urban neighbour is the City of Oshawa. Since 1868, the town has been home to Trinity College School. Besides the town proper of Port Hope, the municipality of Port Hope comprises a number of villages and hamlets, including the following communities such as Campbellcroft, Dale, Davidson's Corners, Decker Hollow, Garden Hill, Morrish, Perrytown, Port Britain, Quay's Crossing, Thomstown, Wesleyville, Zion. Ganaraska was attributed to the area by the First Nations natives of the region and is what they called the river that flows through the town; the name originates from the Cayuga village first located at the current townsite. The Cayuga, part of the Iroquois Confederacy, had migrated there from New York in 1779, after suffering extensive damage as British allies at their homeland in New York state during the American Revolution.
In 1793, United Empire Loyalists became the first permanent settlers of European heritage in Port Hope, which they called Smith's Creek after a former fur trader. Mills and a town plot were developing by the turn of the century. After the War of 1812, more British settlers were wanted, a better name was required. After a brief fling with the name Toronto, the village was renamed in 1817 as Port Hope, after the Township of Hope of which it was a part, which in turn had been named for Colonel Henry Hope, lieutenant governor of the Province of Quebec. In 1834 Port Hope was incorporated as a town. Slow growth from 1881 to 1951 resulted in much of the town's original architecture not being demolished in the name of progress. Port Hope's downtown is celebrated now as the best-preserved 19th-century streetscape in Ontario; the town's local chapter of the Architectural Conservancy of Ontario and the Heritage Port Hope Advisory Committee are active and advise on the restoration and preservation of architecturally or significant buildings.
With over 270 heritage-designated buildings throughout the municipality, Port Hope has a higher per capita rate of preservation than any other town or city in Canada. Downtown businesses are regulated by the municipality to maintain the town's unique character. On January 1, 2001, the original town amalgamated with Hope Township to form the Municipality of Port Hope and Hope, renamed to its current name in November of that same year. Prior to amalgamation, the town's census population was listed as 11,718 while the township's was 3,877. Downtown Port Hope is well known as a shopping destination for antiques and other specialty items and is regarded as one of the best-preserved main streets in Ontario. Port Hope is served by a Via Rail station, it has a medical centre, a walk-in clinic, a community health centre. It has had its own daily newspaper since 1878, the Port Hope Evening Guide, which was, until 2007, a part of the Osprey Media chain and subsequently a part of the Sun Media organization.
In November 2017 this newspaper was included in the large scale closing of many local community newspapers throughout the province of Ontario. Port Hope's Economic Development Strategic Plan aims to increase job growth at least as fast as population growth; the town has a variety of industries. Port Hope is known for having the largest volume of historic low-level radioactive wastes in Canada; these wastes were created by Eldorado Mining and Refining Limited and its private sector predecessors, as a result of the refining process used to extract radium from uranium ore. Radium was used in "glow-in-the-dark" paint, in the early treatment of cancer; the Eldorado plant produced uranium, which may have been used in the Manhattan Project that created the first nuclear weapon. It continues to produce uranium fuel for nuclear power plants, now under the ownership of Cameco. In 2002, a large amount of contaminated soil was removed from beachfront areas. More a testing program has begun of over 5,000 properties, with a plan to remove and store contaminated soil used as landfill.
Well over a billion dollars is expected to be spent on the soil remediation project, the largest such cleanup in Canadian history. The effort is projected to be complete in 2022; the Ganaraska River, is well known to area anglers for annual salmon and trout runs. It has caused many historic floods, the most recent having been in April, 1980; every April since, Port Hope has commemorated the flood with "Float Your Fanny Down the Ganny" ten kilometer river race. "Participants range from serious paddlers navigating the cold, fast moving water in kayaks and canoes, to the entertaining'crazy craft' paddlers, floating any combination of materials down the river in an attempt to reach the finish line." Highway 401 runs through the north end of Port Hope. Port Hope Transit provides local bus service, VIA Rail provides passenger service from the Port Hope railway station along the Toronto-Montreal corridor; the station was built in 1856 for the Grand Trunk Railway and CN Rail. It was restored in 1985. Pleasure boats dock at the foot of John Street at Hayward Street and share the facilities with Cameco, which has berths for freighters servicing their manufacturing facilities at the mouth of the Ganaraska River.
Mother tongue spok
Mattawa is a town in northeastern Ontario, Canada on Algonquin Nation land at the confluence of the Mattawa and Ottawa Rivers in Nipissing District. Mattawa means "Meeting of the Waters" in the Algonquin language; the first Europeans to pass through this area were Etienne Brulé and Samuel de Champlain. The area was first inhabited by native peoples who used the Mattawa River as an important transportation corridor for many centuries. In 1610, Étienne Brûlé and in 1615, Samuel de Champlain were the first Europeans to travel through the Mattawa area. For some 200 years thereafter, it was a link in the important water route leading from Montreal west to Lake Superior. Canoes travelling west up the Ottawa turned left at "the Forks" to enter the "Petite Rivière", before continuing on to Lake Nipissing. Other notable travellers who passed by Mattawa include: Jean Nicolet in 1620, Jean de Brébeuf in 1626, Gabriel Lallemant in 1648, Pierre-Esprit Radisson and Médard des Groseilliers in 1658, La Verendrye in 1731, Alexander MacKenzie in 1794, David Thompson in 1812.
Mattawa House was established by the Northwest Company in 1784. In the 1820s and 1830s, the Hudson's Bay Company sent canoe brigades from their Fort Coulonge Post to the Mattawa River junction in order to trade furs. In 1837, a permanent post was established, but was moved to a new site in the centre of present-day Mattawa in 1843, it was subordinate to Fort Témiscamingue and Fort Coulonge, but after the arrival of the telegraph in 1871 and the railroad in 1880, it became the headquarters of the Timiskaming District. As the fur trade diminished and the population grew, the post became a general store, trading merchandise to supply lumbermen, it closed in the early 20th century. In the 19th century, Mattawa became a hub for the logging industry, which would harvest large untouched stands of white pine in the area and use the Mattawa River to transport logs to sawmills. In 1881, the railroad was built to Mattawa, it was built by French Canadian labourers. After the railroad's completion, some of these labourers and their families settled in Mattawa, bringing with them their culture and heritage.
Logging is still an important industry in this region, nearby provincial parks and wilderness support the camping/hunting/fishing tourism industry in Mattawa today. Mattawa is located on the Canadian Pacific Railway Chalk River subdivision, connecting Smiths Falls and North Bay, with an additional connection to Témiscaming, Quebec. Mattawa elected Canada's first-ever Black mayor, Firmin Monestime, in 1963. Monestime served as mayor until his death in 1977. In April 2010, the old Mattawa hospital was demolished amid controversy, since the building was a local landmark for which heritage status was considered. A new Mattawa Hospital had been in service for about a year; the area is served by the regional hospital in nearby North Bay. The old hospital site is expected to be used for the construction of a new secondary school, funded by the Province of Ontario through the Conseil Scolaire de District Catholique Franco-Nord. Template:Cn\date=December 2018 Population trend:Population 2011: 2,023 Population 2006: 2,003 Population 2001: 2,270 Population 1996: 2,281 Population 1991: 2,45434% of Mattawanians are Francophone, although the seasonal nature of local employment results in population and demographic fluctuations throughout the year.
Mattawa is the site of many large wooden statues depicting local historical figures, such as Champlain, Pierre-Esprit Radisson, Médard des Groseilliers, others. The Mattawa District Museum prominently features a 17 ft statue of Big Joe Mufferaw, a regional folk hero; the statues are placed throughout Mattawa, in two locations outside the town on nearby Highway 17. One of the landmarks visible from Mattawa are three crosses on the mountain on the east side of the Ottawa River opposite the mouth of the Mattawa river, they trace its origins back to 1686, when Chevalier de Troyes had three crosses erected while leading an expedition to attack English trading posts on James Bay. This was to make it easier for voyageurs to spot the entrance to the Mattawa, the access to the upper Great Lakes; the crosses have been replaced several times. They are accessible via a trail which begins at the Quebec end of the railroad bridge which crosses the river at Mattawa; the view from the three crosses is a spectacular panorama of the town and of the two rivers.
Mattawa provides access to numerous dropping off points for boating on the Ottawa River. The river acts as a natural border between the hills of the province of Ontario; the Mattawa River flows through the Canadian Shield, wildlife can be seen and heard. The area offers fishing and hiking. There are numerous motels and retreat centres in and around Mattawa. Just west is Samuel de Champlain Provincial Park, on the Mattawa River; the park is home of the Canadian Ecology Centre, an eco-friendly retreat centre, facilitated to accommodate business retreats. Algonquin Provincial Park can be accessed from the east side in Brent; the town and nearby area contain over 200 kilometres of year-round ATV and snowmobile trails, known as the Voyageur Multi Use Trail System. In 2007, Mattawa and the townships of Bonfield, Papineau-Cameron and Calvin were rebranded as a single Mattawa Voyageur Country tourist region, in order to promote the area; every summer since 1997, the Mattawa Voyageur Days Festival is held the last weekend of July.
It is organized by the Town of M