List of Canadian airports by location indicator: CN
Format of entries is:
- Location indicator – IATA – Airport Name (alternate name) – Airport Location
Airports that are part of the National Airports System are emphasised.
Format of entries is:
Airports that are part of the National Airports System are emphasised.
|TC LID||IATA||Airport name||Community||Province/|
|CNA3||Springwater (Barrie Airpark) Aerodrome||Springwater||ON|
|CNA5||Uxbridge (Cottage Hospital) Heliport||Uxbridge||ON|
|CNB3||North Bay (North Bay Regional Health Centre) Heliport||North Bay, Ontario||ON|
|CNB4||Cobourg (Northumberland Hills Hospital) Heliport||Cobourg||ON|
|CNB5||Arnprior Water Aerodrome||Arnprior||ON|
|CNB7||Moosonee Water Aerodrome||Moosonee||ON|
|CNB8||Sudbury/Ramsey Lake Water Aerodrome||Greater Sudbury||ON|
|CNC2||Cornwall (NAV Centre) Heliport||Cornwall||ON|
|CNC5||Sudbury/Azilda Water Aerodrome||Greater Sudbury||ON|
|CNC7||Lake Muskoka/Mortimer's Point Water Aerodrome||Port Carling||ON|
|CNC8||Temagami Water Aerodrome||Temagami||ON|
|CNC9||Perth (Great War Memorial Hospital) Heliport||Perth||ON|
|CND4||Haliburton/Stanhope Municipal Airport||Haliburton||ON|
|CND6||Granitehill Lake Water Aerodrome||Hornepayne||ON|
|CND7||New Denver (Health Centre) Heliport||New Denver||BC|
|CND9||Portage Lake Water Aerodrome||Portage Lake||ON|
|CNE3||XBE||Bearskin Lake Airport||Bearskin Lake||ON|
|CNE4||Iroquois Falls Airport||Iroquois Falls||ON|
|CNE5||Bar River Water Aerodrome||Bar River||ON|
|CNE6||Geraldton/Hutchison Lake Water Aerodrome||Geraldton||ON|
|CNE7||Nakina Water Aerodrome||Nakina||ON|
|CNF2||Haliburton (Hospital) Heliport||Haliburton||ON|
|CNF4||Kawartha Lakes (Lindsay) Aerodrome||Lindsay||ON|
|CNF9||Niagara Falls/Niagara South Airport||Niagara Falls||ON|
|CNG2||New Glasgow (Aberdeen Hospital) Heliport||New Glasgow,||NS|
|CNG5||Pembroke (Regional Hospital) Heliport||Pembroke||ON|
|CNG6||Walkerton (County Of Bruce General Hospital) Heliport||Walkerton||ON|
|CNG8||Niagara Falls (Greater Niagara General Hospital) Heliport||Niagara Falls||ON|
|CNH4||St. Catharines (Niagara Health System) Heliport||St. Catharines||ON|
|CNH6||Hawk Junction Water Aerodrome||Hawk Junction||ON|
|CNH7||North Bay Water Aerodrome||North Bay, Ontario||ON|
|CNH9||Nanaimo (West Coast) Heliport||Nanaimo||BC|
|CNJ5||Hearst/Carey Lake Water Aerodrome||Hearst||ON|
|CNJ6||Hornepayne Water Aerodrome||Hornepayne||ON|
|CNJ8||YWR||White River Water Aerodrome||White River||ON|
|CNK4||YPD||Parry Sound Area Municipal Airport||Parry Sound||ON|
|CNK6||Owen Sound (Grey Bruce Health Services) Heliport||Owen Sound||ON|
|CNK9||Kitchener-Waterloo (Grand River Hospital) Heliport||Regional Municipality of Waterloo||ON|
|CNL2||Fort McMurray (North Liege) Aerodrome||Fort McMurray||AB|
|CNL3||XBR||Brockville Regional Tackaberry Airport||Brockville||ON|
|CNL4||Port Elgin Airport||Port Elgin||ON|
|CNL6||Renfrew/Hurds Lake Water Aerodrome||Renfrew||ON|
|CNL7||Nobel/Lumsden Air Park||Nobel||ON|
|CNL8||Wyevale (Boker Field) Airport||Wyevale||ON|
|CNL9||Nueltin Lake Airport||Nueltin Lake||MB|
|CNM3||Sturgeon Falls (West Nipissing General Hospital) Heliport||Sturgeon Falls||ON|
|CNM5||KIF||Kingfisher Lake Airport||Kingfisher Lake||ON|
|CNN3||Shelburne/Fisher Field Aerodrome||Shelburne||ON|
|CNN5||Cochrane Water Aerodrome||Cochrane||ON|
|CNN7||Gooderham/Pencil Lake Water Aerodrome||Gooderham||ON|
|CNP3||Arnprior/South Renfrew Municipal Airport||Arnprior||ON|
|CNP5||Combermere/Kamaniskeg Lake Water Aerodrome||Combermere||ON|
|CNQ3||Niagara Central Dorothy Rungeling Airport||Welland||ON|
|CNQ5||Constance Lake Water Aerodrome||Constance Lake||ON|
|CNQ6||Keene/Elmhirst's Resort Water Aerodrome||Keene||ON|
|CNQ7||Port Loring Water Aerodrome||Port Loring||ON|
|CNR3||Sault Ste. Marie Heliport||Sault Ste. Marie||ON|
|CNR6||Carleton Place Airport||Carleton Place||ON|
|CNR9||Arnstein Airport||Port Loring||ON|
|CNS2||Smoky Lake Water Aerodrome||Port Loring||ON|
|CNS3||Englehart (District Hospital) Heliport||Englehart||ON|
|CNS9||Smiths Falls (Community Hospital) Heliport||Smiths Falls||ON|
|CNT2||Nobel/Sawdust Bay Water Aerodrome||Nobel||ON|
|CNT3||YOG||Ogoki Post Airport||Ogoki Post||ON|
|CNT4||Little Current (Manitoulin Health Centre) Heliport||Little Current||ON|
|CNT5||Lake Muskoka/Dudley Bay Water Aerodrome||Bala||ON|
|CNT9||Newtonville/Steeves Field Aerodrome||Newtonville||ON|
|CNU3||Peterborough (Regional Health Centre) Heliport||Peterborough||ON|
|CNU6||Huntsville Water Aerodrome||Huntsville||ON|
|CNU8||Markham Airport (Toronto/Markham Airport)||Markham||ON|
|CNV2||Inverness (Consolidated Memorial Hospital) Heliport||Inverness||NS|
|CNV3||New Liskeard (Temiskaming Hospital) Heliport||New Liskeard||ON|
|CNV5||Elk Lake Water Aerodrome||Elk Lake||ON|
|CNV6||Orillia/Lake St John (Orillia Rama Regional) Water Aerodrome||Orillia||ON|
|CNW4||Mindemoya (Hospital) Heliport||Mindemoya||ON|
|CNW8||Toronto (Hospital For Sick Children) Heliport||Toronto||ON|
|CNW9||Vancouver/New Westminster (Royal Columbian Hospital) Heliport||New Westminster||BC|
|CNX3||Carey Lake Airport||Carey Lake||ON|
|CNX7||Port Stanton/Sparrow Lake Water Aerodrome||Port Stanton||ON|
|CNY8||Toronto (Sunnybrook Medical Centre) Heliport||Toronto||ON|
|CNZ2||Anzac (Long Lake) Heliport||Athabasca oil sands||AB|
|CNZ4||Madawaska Valley Airpark (Barry's Bay/Madawaska Valley Airpark)||Barry's Bay||ON|
|CNZ6||Georgetown (Georgetown & District Hospital) Heliport||Georgetown||ON|
|CNZ7||Hanover (District Hospital) Heliport||Hanover||ON|
|CNZ8||Grimsby Air Park||Grimsby||ON|
The United Townships of Dysart, Harcourt, Harburn, Havelock and Clyde known as the Municipality of Dysart et al, is a municipality in Haliburton County in Central Ontario, Canada. The original townships were of the Canadian Emigration Company. At 61 letters or 68 non-space characters, the municipality has the longest name of any place in Canada. Dysart was named in 1860 for Fife in Scotland. Dudley received its name in 1860, it may have been named for Dudley in the West Midlands of England or it may have been given in honour of William Ward, 1st Earl of Dudley. Harcourt was named for Sir William George Granville Venables Vernon Harcourt. Guilford was named in 1861 for Borough of Guildford in England. Harburn was named in 1862 after the River Harburn, a tributary of the River Dart in Devon. Bruton was named in 1862 for Bruton in England. Havelock was named in 1859 for Major General Sir Henry Havelock, who served with distinction in India and Burma. Eyre was named in 1872 for Major General Sir William Eyre, who served with distinction in South Africa.
Clyde was named in 1872 for 1st Baron Clyde. The municipality's primary town is a community on Head Lake. Haliburton has a seasonal tourism-based economy; some of southern Ontario's population retreats to central and northern Ontario "cottage country" for recreation and relaxation during the summer. Haliburton Village and Haliburton County derive their name from the author Thomas Chandler Haliburton, who wrote the popular "Sam Slick" stories in the mid-19th century. Haliburton was chairman of the Board of Directors of The British Land and Immigration Company in England, who were responsible for developing most of the area before it became incorporated into a "Provisional County" in 1887; the municipality includes the smaller communities of Donald, Eagle Lake, Fort Irwin, Harburn, Kennisis Lake and West Guilford. In the 1860s, the Canadian Land and Emigration Company of London, England purchased 360,000 acres in this part of Ontario for settlement purposes; the development was named after company chairman Judge Thomas Haliburton, a politician and the author of the Sam Slick stories.
According to the book "Fragments of a Dream", the first European settlers began arriving in Haliburton village in 1864. Key settlers included Captain John Lucas. Lucas co-established the first saw/grist mill and was elected the first Reeve of Dysart. Captain Lucas a native of Long Preston, England established the first hotel in town that became the Grand Central Hotel. Other important settlers included W. Ritchie, Alexander Niven, James Holland, John Erskine, the Heard family and Willet Austin. Haliburton was the northern terminus of the Victoria Railway from Lindsay; the first railway train to arrive in Haliburton was on November 26, 1878 with John Albert Lucas as the train engineer. The railway was abandoned and the rails lifted in 1980; the station is now home to Rails End Gallery and Arts Centre. The former Dysart fire tower was erected in 1956 on a hill by the east side of the village just off of Ontario Highway 118, its 100-foot frame still stands. It was erected by Ontario's former Department of Lands and Forests as an early detection to protect the local forests from fire.
This tower was put out of use in the late 1960s. It was one of the County of Haliburton's many towers that were part of the former Lindsay Forest Fire District. Other towers included: Harburn, Glamorgan, Cardiff, Lutterworth, Sherboure and Bruton. There were Department of Lands and Forests offices stationed in Minden, Dorset and at St. Nora Lake; the County of Haliburton is part of the Trillium Lakelands District School Board. Elementary: Stuart W. Baker Elementary School: Grades K–4 J. Douglas Hodgson Elementary School: Grades 4–8Secondary: Haliburton Highlands Secondary SchoolPost-Secondary: Fleming College - Haliburton School of the ArtsAdult Education: Highlands Adult Education and Training Centre Fleming College Academic Upgrading Mother tongue: English as first language: 95.1% French as first language: 1.0% English and French as first language: 0.2% Other as first language: 3.7%Population trend: Population in 2011: 5966 Population in 2006: 5526 Population in 2001: 4924 Population in 1996: 5380 Population in 1991: 4856 Dysart et al has a vibrant cultural community including Haliburton School of The Arts, Arts Council~Haliburton Highlands, Highlands Summer Festival, Highlands Opera Studio, Haliburton Highlands Museum, Haliburton Sculpture Forest and Rails End Gallery & Arts Centre.
The Haliburton International Film Festival is held each November at the Northern Lights Performing Arts Pavilion at the high school. The Annual Haliburton Art and Craft Festival is held on the fourth weekend in July and is a signature event for Haliburton County with attendance of approx 7500 and over 100 artisans. Haliburton appears as a significant setting in Canadian literature. Examples include Richard Pope's Me n Len - Life in the Haliburton Bush 1900–1940 and Robert Rotenberg's Old City Hall. Scenes from the movie Meatballs were filmed at Haliburton. Southern portions of Algonquin Provincial Park lie in Dysart et al in the geographic townships of Bruton, Clyde and Harburn. Matt Duchene - NHL and Team Canada Hockey Player, drafted third overall
Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border, its capital is Ottawa, its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra, its population is urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Canada's climate varies across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons. Various indigenous peoples have inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Beginning in the 16th century and French expeditions explored, settled, along the Atlantic coast.
As a consequence of various armed conflicts, France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces; this began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, with Elizabeth II as its queen and a prime minister who serves as the chair of the federal cabinet and head of government; the country is a realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, a member of the Francophonie and bilingual at the federal level. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, education.
It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture. A developed country, Canada has the sixteenth-highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the twelfth-highest ranking in the Human Development Index, its advanced economy is the tenth-largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. Canada is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G7, the Group of Ten, the G20, the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum. While a variety of theories have been postulated for the etymological origins of Canada, the name is now accepted as coming from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word kanata, meaning "village" or "settlement".
In 1535, indigenous inhabitants of the present-day Quebec City region used the word to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to the village of Stadacona. Cartier used the word Canada to refer not only to that particular village but to the entire area subject to Donnacona. From the 16th to the early 18th century "Canada" referred to the part of New France that lay along the Saint Lawrence River. In 1791, the area became two British colonies called Upper Canada and Lower Canada collectively named the Canadas. Upon Confederation in 1867, Canada was adopted as the legal name for the new country at the London Conference, the word Dominion was conferred as the country's title. By the 1950s, the term Dominion of Canada was no longer used by the United Kingdom, which considered Canada a "Realm of the Commonwealth"; the government of Louis St. Laurent ended the practice of using'Dominion' in the Statutes of Canada in 1951. In 1982, the passage of the Canada Act, bringing the Constitution of Canada under Canadian control, referred only to Canada, that year the name of the national holiday was changed from Dominion Day to Canada Day.
The term Dominion was used to distinguish the federal government from the provinces, though after the Second World War the term federal had replaced dominion. Indigenous peoples in present-day Canada include the First Nations, Métis, the last being a mixed-blood people who originated in the mid-17th century when First Nations and Inuit people married European settlers; the term "Aboriginal" as a collective noun is a specific term of art used in some legal documents, including the Constitution Act 1982. The first inhabitants of North America are hypothesized to have migrated from Siberia by way of the Bering land bridge and arrived at least 14,000 years ago; the Paleo-Indian archeological sites at Old Crow Flats and Bluefish Caves are two of the oldest sites of human habitation in Canada. The characteristics of Canadian indigenous societies included permanent settlements, complex societal hierarchies, trading networks; some of these cultures had collapsed by the time European explorers arrived in the late 15th and early 16th centuries and have only been discovered through archeological investigations.
The indigenous population at the time of the first European settlements is estimated to have been between 200,000
British Columbia is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains. With an estimated population of 5.016 million as of 2018, it is Canada's third-most populous province. The first British settlement in the area was Fort Victoria, established in 1843, which gave rise to the City of Victoria, at first the capital of the separate Colony of Vancouver Island. Subsequently, on the mainland, the Colony of British Columbia was founded by Richard Clement Moody and the Royal Engineers, Columbia Detachment, in response to the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush. Moody was Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for the Colony and the first Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia: he was hand-picked by the Colonial Office in London to transform British Columbia into the British Empire's "bulwark in the farthest west", "to found a second England on the shores of the Pacific". Moody selected the site for and founded the original capital of British Columbia, New Westminster, established the Cariboo Road and Stanley Park, designed the first version of the Coat of arms of British Columbia.
Port Moody is named after him. In 1866, Vancouver Island became part of the colony of British Columbia, Victoria became the united colony's capital. In 1871, British Columbia became the sixth province of Canada, its Latin motto is Splendor sine occasu. The capital of British Columbia remains Victoria, the fifteenth-largest metropolitan region in Canada, named for Queen Victoria, who ruled during the creation of the original colonies; the largest city is Vancouver, the third-largest metropolitan area in Canada, the largest in Western Canada, the second-largest in the Pacific Northwest. In October 2013, British Columbia had an estimated population of 4,606,371; the province is governed by the British Columbia New Democratic Party, led by John Horgan, in a minority government with the confidence and supply of the Green Party of British Columbia. Horgan became premier as a result of a no-confidence motion on June 29, 2017. British Columbia evolved from British possessions that were established in what is now British Columbia by 1871.
First Nations, the original inhabitants of the land, have a history of at least 10,000 years in the area. Today there are few treaties, the question of Aboriginal Title, long ignored, has become a legal and political question of frequent debate as a result of recent court actions. Notably, the Tsilhqot'in Nation has established Aboriginal title to a portion of their territory, as a result of the 2014 Supreme Court of Canada decision in Tsilhqot'in Nation v British Columbia; the province's name was chosen by Queen Victoria, when the Colony of British Columbia, i.e. "the Mainland", became a British colony in 1858. It refers to the Columbia District, the British name for the territory drained by the Columbia River, in southeastern British Columbia, the namesake of the pre-Oregon Treaty Columbia Department of the Hudson's Bay Company. Queen Victoria chose British Columbia to distinguish what was the British sector of the Columbia District from the United States, which became the Oregon Territory on August 8, 1848, as a result of the treaty.
The Columbia in the name British Columbia is derived from the name of the Columbia Rediviva, an American ship which lent its name to the Columbia River and the wider region. British Columbia is bordered to the west by the Pacific Ocean and the American state of Alaska, to the north by Yukon Territory and the Northwest Territories, to the east by the province of Alberta, to the south by the American states of Washington and Montana; the southern border of British Columbia was established by the 1846 Oregon Treaty, although its history is tied with lands as far south as California. British Columbia's land area is 944,735 square kilometres. British Columbia's rugged coastline stretches for more than 27,000 kilometres, includes deep, mountainous fjords and about 6,000 islands, most of which are uninhabited, it is the only province in Canada. British Columbia's capital is Victoria, located at the southeastern tip of Vancouver Island. Only a narrow strip of Vancouver Island, from Campbell River to Victoria, is populated.
Much of the western part of Vancouver Island and the rest of the coast is covered by temperate rainforest. The province's most populous city is Vancouver, at the confluence of the Fraser River and Georgia Strait, in the mainland's southwest corner. By land area, Abbotsford is the largest city. Vanderhoof is near the geographic centre of the province; the Coast Mountains and the Inside Passage's many inlets provide some of British Columbia's renowned and spectacular scenery, which forms the backdrop and context for a growing outdoor adventure and ecotourism industry. 75% of the province is mountainous. The province's mainland away from the coastal regions is somewhat moderated by the Pacific Ocean. Terrain ranges from dry inland forests and semi-arid valleys, to the range and canyon districts of the Central and Southern Interior, to boreal forest and subarctic prairie in the Northern Interior. High mountain regions both north and south subalpine climate; the Okanagan area, extending from Vernon to Osoyoos at the United States border, is one of several wine and cider-produci
Moosonee is a town in northern Ontario, Canada, on the Moose River 19 kilometres south of James Bay. It has Ontario's only saltwater port. Nearby on Moose Factory Island is the community of Moose Factory to which it is connected by water taxi in the summer and ice road in the winter. Moosonee is the railhead of the Ontario Northland Railway where goods are transferred to barges and aircraft for transport to more northerly communities. Moosonee is not far north, being located at 51°N—which is the same latitude as Saskatoon, Calgary and Berlin—but is colder due to its proximity to the Hudson Bay, isolated due to its lack of road access to the rest of Ontario; the community was the site of a fur trading post set up in 1903 by Revillon Frères, competitors to the Hudson's Bay Company which bought out Révillon. Moosonee held the status of a development area, the only community in the province with that designation, was governed by a locally elected board subject to formal appointment by the Ontario provincial government.
It became incorporated as a town effective January 1, 2001, with an elected mayor and four-person council. The most recent municipal council was elected on October 27, 2014, three replacement councillors were elected in a by-election held on July 7, 2015. For 2014–2018 the town council consists of mayor Wayne Taipale, councillors Tony Tourville, John Moore, Carman Tozer and Cathy Turner. In 1900, Annie Hardisty and her two daughters were the first settlers on the site, but the place developed when on June 6, 1903, four canoes and a crew of 21 persons of the Révillon Frères company arrived on the banks of the Moose River near the much older Moose Factory to establish the Moose River Post. This Parisian furrier had ambitious plans to set up a chain of fur trading posts in direct competition with the Hudson's Bay Company, including five on James Bay, but it suffered a setback when their supply ship that carried all the provisions shipwrecked near Fort George. Moose River Post became the most important location for Révillon Frères and was expanded with a staff house, carpenter's shop and sawmill.
The buildings were spaced far apart as a preventive measure to minimize the spread of fire. By 1912, it was reported that "the whole line of good substantial buildings, built principally for their French Canadian employees, stretches along the river front for nearly a mile northward from the residence of the inspector."Moose River Post were prosperous but isolated. It was supplied only once per year by ship coming from Montreal around the Labrador Peninsula. Mail arrived only four times per year, twice by twice by toboggan. During World War I, Révillon Frères' chartered supply ship was requisitioned for war service. So from on until 1932, the post was supplied by scows from Pagwa on the National Transcontinental Railway coming down the Pagwachuan and Albany Rivers. In 1932, the Temiskaming and Northern Ontario Railway was extended from Cochrane to Moose River Post, renamed at that time to Moosonee, derived from the Cree word Môsonihk meaning "at the Moose ". In 1936, Révillon Frères sold its Canadian operations to the Hudson's Bay Company and the Moosonee post closed.
The HBC exited the fur trade and opened a retail store in Moosonee. With the end of the fur trade business, Moosonee's economy became centered on transportation. In 1962, Moosonee became the site of RCAF Station Moosonee, part of NORAD's Pinetree Line chain of radar stations, it closed in 1975 and some of its buildings were used by the Town after the closure, including the base swimming pool and recreation centre. In 1968, the town was classified as a Development Area Board. In November 2000, it was incorporated as the Town of Moosonee; the population was 1,725 in 2011, down from 2,006 in the Statistics Canada 2006 Census, although there are about 3,500 people by municipal government estimate. Census figures for Moosonee may be inaccurate because of incomplete enumeration, a common problem with remote communities. About 85 per cent of the population are native Cree; the number of total private dwellings is 635. Population density per square kilometre is 3.6. The most recent detailed census information available for Moosonee is from 2011.
Mother tongue was 79.3% English, 17.7% Cree, 1.8% French, 1.2% other language. The town was 75.7% First Nations, 17.3% White, 5.4% Métis. Moosonee has two elementary schools, Moosonee Public School and Bishop Belleau Separate School that offer kindergarten through grade eight. Bishop Belleau School provides a French Language Instructional Unit for children who are entitled to be educated in French. There is a public high school, Northern Lights Secondary School, that provides grades nine through twelve. Northern College's Moosonee campus provides some post-secondary programs. Health services are provided through the Moosonee Health Clinic of the Weeneebayko Area Health Authority. Payukotayno Family Services provide child care and social assistance to Moosonee, Moose Factory, Fort Albany and Peawanuck. Payukotayno means ` one family' in Cree. Moosonee experiences a humid continental climate featuring long cold winters and short warm summers, with James Bay acting as a thermal reservoir to moderate spring and fall temperatures.
Freeze-up on the Moos
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada. It is Canada's most populous province accounting for 38.3 percent of the country's population, is the second-largest province in total area. Ontario is fourth-largest jurisdiction in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are included, it is home to the nation's capital city and the nation's most populous city, Ontario's provincial capital. Ontario is bordered by the province of Manitoba to the west, Hudson Bay and James Bay to the north, Quebec to the east and northeast, to the south by the U. S. states of Minnesota, Ohio and New York. All of Ontario's 2,700 km border with the United States follows inland waterways: from the west at Lake of the Woods, eastward along the major rivers and lakes of the Great Lakes/Saint Lawrence River drainage system; these are the Rainy River, the Pigeon River, Lake Superior, the St. Marys River, Lake Huron, the St. Clair River, Lake St. Clair, the Detroit River, Lake Erie, the Niagara River, Lake Ontario and along the St. Lawrence River from Kingston, Ontario, to the Quebec boundary just east of Cornwall, Ontario.
There is only about 1 km of land border made up of portages including Height of Land Portage on the Minnesota border. Ontario is sometimes conceptually divided into Northern Ontario and Southern Ontario; the great majority of Ontario's population and arable land is in the south. In contrast, the larger, northern part of Ontario is sparsely populated with cold winters and heavy forestation; the province is named after Lake Ontario, a term thought to be derived from Ontarí:io, a Huron word meaning "great lake", or skanadario, which means "beautiful water" in the Iroquoian languages. Ontario has about 250,000 freshwater lakes; the province consists of three main geographical regions: The thinly populated Canadian Shield in the northwestern and central portions, which comprises over half the land area of Ontario. Although this area does not support agriculture, it is rich in minerals and in part covered by the Central and Midwestern Canadian Shield forests, studded with lakes and rivers. Northern Ontario is subdivided into two sub-regions: Northeastern Ontario.
The unpopulated Hudson Bay Lowlands in the extreme north and northeast swampy and sparsely forested. Southern Ontario, further sub-divided into four regions. Despite the absence of any mountainous terrain in the province, there are large areas of uplands within the Canadian Shield which traverses the province from northwest to southeast and above the Niagara Escarpment which crosses the south; the highest point is Ishpatina Ridge at 693 metres above sea level in Temagami, Northeastern Ontario. In the south, elevations of over 500 m are surpassed near Collingwood, above the Blue Mountains in the Dundalk Highlands and in hilltops near the Madawaska River in Renfrew County; the Carolinian forest zone covers most of the southwestern region of the province. The temperate and fertile Great Lakes-Saint Lawrence Valley in the south is part of the Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests ecoregion where the forest has now been replaced by agriculture and urban development. A well-known geographic feature is part of the Niagara Escarpment.
The Saint Lawrence Seaway allows navigation to and from the Atlantic Ocean as far inland as Thunder Bay in Northwestern Ontario. Northern Ontario occupies 87 percent of the surface area of the province. Point Pelee is a peninsula of Lake Erie in southwestern Ontario, the southernmost extent of Canada's mainland. Pelee Island and Middle Island in Lake Erie extend farther. All are south of 42°N – farther south than the northern border of California; the climate of Ontario varies by location. It is affected by three air sources: cold, arctic air from the north; the effects of these major air masses on temperature and precipitation depend on latitude, proximity to major bodies of water and to a small extent, terrain relief. In general, most of Ontario's climate is classified as humid continental. Ontario has three main climatic regions; the surrounding Great Lakes influence the climatic region of southern Ontario. During the fall and winter months, heat stored from the lakes is released, moderating the climate near the shores of the lakes.
This gives some parts of southern Ontario milder winters than mid-continental areas at lower latitudes. Parts of Southwestern Ontario have a moderate humid continental climate, similar to that of the inland Mid-Atlantic states and the Great Lakes portion of the Midwestern United States; the region has warm to cold winters. Annual precipitation is well distributed throughout the year. Most of this region lies in the lee of the Great Lakes. In December 2010, the snowbelt set a new record when it was h
Arnprior is a town in Renfrew County, in the eastern portion of Southern Ontario, Canada. It is located at the Ottawa River in the Ottawa Valley. Arnprior has experienced significant growth in populations with the widening of the 417 Provincial Highway to four lanes; the Town experienced an increase in population by 8.4% from 2011 to 2016 and the current population is 8,795. The town is a namesake of Arnprior, is known for lumber, hydro power generation, aerospace and its proximity to the National Capital Region; the land occupied by what's now called Arnprior is part of the traditional territory of the Algonquin nation of indigenous North Americans. The first European explorers, led by Samuel de Champlain, first visited the area in May 1613. In 1823, a 1,200-acre surveyed block was ceded to Archibald McNab and given the eponymous name, McNab Township. McNab had approval from the Family Compact to treat the settlers on his land in the feudal manner practised in Scotland. In 1831 the town was named by the Buchanan Brothers after McNab's ancestral home of Arnprior, Scotland.
Tired of the harsh treatment, the settlers revolted and, after a government investigation, McNab was forced to vacate the area in 1841. Arnprior, Braeside and McNab township grew as separate communities and boomed when they became integrated into eastern Ontario's massive timber industry. One of the most successful businessmen of the upper Ottawa was Daniel McLachlin, who built a massive sawmill at the confluence of the Madawaska and Ottawa Rivers, expanded the community of Arnprior; the lumber industry maintained a significant position until the closing of the Gillies Mill. One of the most enduring structures of the day was a grist mill built by the Buchanans on the west bank of the Madawaska River. By 1869, Arnprior was an Incorporated Village with a population of 2000 in the Township of McNab, it was on the Ottawa Railway at the junction of the Madawaska and Ottawa Rivers. The average price of land $20 to $40; the grey stone building served many purposes after it stopped being used as a grist mill being operated as a restaurant and a gas station, first by the Beattie and the Baird families, ending in 1974.
The facility has been bought by Ontario Hydro prior to the restructuring on the bridge and the creation of a new weir to control the river. The building was consumed by fire in 1976; the forests of the period are represented in the Grove, an excellent example of indigenous forest, grown after a fire in the 18th century. With individual specimens reaching 175 feet, these are the tallest white pines in Ontario. Arnprior was incorporated as a village in 1862. Thirty years it was incorporated as a town. On 8 June 1944 a Castle class corvette, HMS Rising Castle, was recommissioned as "HMCS Arnprior" until 1946. Arnprior became a recognized name in the numismatic trade; this has a special link to a local employer. In 1955 Playtex ordered some silver dollars for their employees; these coins are found to show only two and one-half water lines instead of four to the right of the canoe. This variety becomes known as the Arnprior dollar; the history of Arnprior is preserved and documented at the Arnprior and District Museum and the Arnprior and District Archives, located next door in the basement of the public library.
The sandstone building is the defining element in local architecture Arnprior has drawn new business to Eastern Ontario. Proximity to the city of Ottawa, easy access to highway 417, access to a local airport, full services and infrastructure have contributed to making Arnprior the location for multinational corporations including Arnprior Aerospace Inc, GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy Canada Inc, Nylene Canada Inc, Pacific Safety Products, Pillar 5 Pharma, Sandvik Materials Technology Canada, a host of other innovative businesses; the Arnprior and Area Chamber of Commerce has over 100 members and is a support and advocate for many of the corporations and small to medium-sized businesses within the Arnprior Area. Some of the major corporations and top employers: Plaintree Systems Inc. Nu-tech Precision Metals, Pillar 5, GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy Canada Inc. Sandvik Canada Inc. M. Sullivan & Sons, Nylene Canada, Pacific Safety Products, Arnprior Aerospace, Arnprior & District Memorial Hospital The lumber trade continued in the form of the Gillies sawmill in nearby McNab Township until its closing in 1993.
Pictures of the early days of the lumbering industry are seen at the online Charles MacNamara Retrospective. Kenwood Mills a blanket manufacturer which developed woven fabrics for the pulp and paper industry, was a significant employer in Arnprior and was bought in 1918 by Huyck Corporation, it was a strong contributor to Arnprior remaining viable during the Depression. The building has now been renovated into the Kenwood Corporate Centre which houses a number of offices, warehouse spaces, conference rooms, a café and a gym. Sullivan and Sons and Smith Construction companies were significant economic drivers and employers based in Arnprior. In 2014 they celebrated their 100th year in business and continue to be a major employer in the town and a large community supporter; the airport at Arnprior was built for the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan and hosted No. 3 Flying Instructor School for the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan. Post War, the facility was used by the Canadian military and a training base known as the Civil Defense College known as the Emergency Measures Training Centre.
The airport still operates with two runways for land-based aircraft and a dock and fueling station for floatplanes. The airport property houses many private hangars and a skydiving company. Aft