List of Canadian airports by location indicator: CS
Format of entries is:
- Location indicator – IATA – Airport Name (alternate name) – Airport Location
Airports that are part of the National Airports System are emphasised.
Format of entries is:
Airports that are part of the National Airports System are emphasised.
|TC LID||IATA||Airport name||Community||Province/|
|CSA2||Lac Agile (Mascouche) Airport||Mascouche||QC|
|CSA3||Edmonton/Sturgeon Community Hospital||Edmonton||AB|
|CSA4||Montréal/Boisvert & Fils Water Airport||Montreal||QC|
|CSA5||Saguenay/Saint-Charles-de-Bourget Water Aerodrome||Saint-Charles-de-Bourget||QC|
|CSA7||Drummondville Water Aerodrome||Drummondville||QC|
|CSA8||Saguenay (Harvey) Water Aerodrome||Saguenay||QC|
|CSB2||Sable Island Aerodrome||Sable Island||NS|
|CSB5||Shediac Bridge Aerodrome||Shediac Bridge-Shediac River||NB|
|CSB6||Montebello Water Aerodrome||Montebello||QC|
|CSC5||Lac Etchemin Airport||Lac-Etchemin||QC|
|CSC6||Amos (Lac Figuery) Water Aerodrome||Amos||QC|
|CSD2||Sundre (Hospital & Health Care Centre) Heliport||Sundre||AB|
|CSD6||Baie-Comeau Water Aerodrome||Baie-Comeau||QC|
|CSD7||Blackwater Creek (Sunderland) Aerodrome||Sunderland||ON|
|CSD9||Parc Gatineau Water Aerodrome||Lac Des Loups||QC|
|CSE2||Chibougamau (Hydro-Québec) Heliport||Chibougamau||QC|
|CSE6||Mistissini Water Aerodrome||Mistissini||QC|
|CSE7||Vancouver/Delta (SEI) Heliport||Vancouver||BC|
|CSE9||Parent Water Aerodrome||Parent||QC|
|CSF2||Innisfail (Hospital) Heliport||Innisfail||AB|
|CSF3||Poste Montagnais (Mile 134) Airport||Poste Montagnais||QC|
|CSF4||Shelburne (Schaefer Field) Aerodrome||Shelburne||ON|
|CSF5||Markerville/Safron Farms Aerodrome||Markerville||AB|
|CSF7||Ottawa/Casselman (Shea Field) Aerodrome||Ottawa||ON|
|CSF8||Lampman/Spitfire Air Aerodrome||Lampman||SK|
|CSG7||Sherbrooke (CHUS)/François Desourdy Heliport||Sherbrooke||QC|
|CSH3||Calgary (South Health Campus Hospital) Heliport||Calgary||AB|
|CSH6||Montréal/Les Cèdres Heliport||Montreal||QC|
|CSH8||Manic 5/Lac Louise Water Aerodrome||Daniel-Johnson Dam||QC|
|CSH9||Montréal East (AIM) Heliport||Montreal||QC|
|CSJ3||Estevan (St. Josephs's Hospital) Heliport||Estevan||SK|
|CSK6||Snap Lake Airport||Snap Lake Diamond Mine||NT|
|CSK7||Sudbury/Lively (Skyline Helicopter Technologies) Heliport||Greater Sudbury||ON|
|CSK8||Surrey/King George Airpark||Surrey||BC|
|CSL4||Campbell River (Sealand Aviation) Heliport||Campbell River||BC|
|CSL6||Slave Lake/Slave Lake Helicopters Heliport||Slave Lake||AB|
|CSL7||Odessa/Strawberry Lakes Aerodrome||Odessa||SK|
|CSL8||Sudbury (Health Sciences North) Hospital Heliport||Greater Sudbury||ON|
|CSL9||Baie-Comeau (Manic 1) Airport||Baie-Comeau||QC|
|CSM2||Strathmore (Hospital) Heliport||Strathmore||AB|
|CSM3||Thetford Mines Airport||Thetford Mines||QC|
|CSM6||Six Mile Lake (Hungry Bay) Water Aerodrome||Six Mile Lake||ON|
|CSM7||Abbotsford (Sumas Mountain) Heliport||Abbotsford||BC|
|CSM8||Sept-Îles/Lac Rapides Water Aerodrome||Sept-Îles||QC|
|CSM9||Sault Ste. Marie (Sault Area Hospital) Heliport||Sault Ste. Marie||ON|
|CSN6||Saint John (Regional Hospital) Heliport||Saint John||NB|
|CSN8||Québec/Lac Saint-Augustin Water Airport||Quebec City||QC|
|CSP2||Stony Plain (Westview Health Centre) Heliport||Stony Plain||AB|
|CSP3||Stony Plain (Lichtner Farms) Airport||Stony Plain||AB|
|CSP6||Montréal/Aéroparc Île Perrot||Montreal||QC|
|CSP7||Val-d'Or (St-Pierre) Water Aerodrome||Val-d'Or||QC|
|CSP9||Sainte-Anne-du-Lac Water Aerodrome||Sainte-Anne-du-Lac||QC|
|CSQ2||Shuswap (Skwlax Field) Aerodrome||Shuswap LakeChase||BC|
|CSR6||Sonora Resort Heliport||Sonora Island||BC|
|CSR8||SSQ||La Sarre Airport||La Sarre||QC|
|CSS3||Montréal/Les Cèdres Airport||Les Cèdres||QC|
|CSS7||Lac-à-Beauce Water Aerodrome||Lac-à-Beauce||QC|
|CST5||Sable Island Heliport||Sable Island||NS|
|CST6||Clova/Lac Duchamp Water Aerodrome||Clova||QC|
|CST8||Montréal/Marina Venise Water Airport||Montreal||QC|
|CSU6||Spout Lake Water Aerodrome||Spout Lake||BC|
|CSU7||Lac-à-la-Tortue Water Aerodrome||Lac-à-la-Tortue||QC|
|CSV2||Sainte-Agathe (AIM) Heliport||Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts||QC|
|CSV4||Fort Saskatchewan (General Hospital) Heliport||Fort Saskatchewan||AB|
|CSV7||Rivière Témiscamie Water Aerodrome||Temiscamie River||QC|
|CSV8||Schomberg (Sloan Field) Aerodrome||Schomberg||ON|
|CSV9||Saint-Mathias Water Aerodrome||Saint-Mathias||QC|
|CSW4||Bracebridge (Stone Wall Farm) Aerodrome||Bracebridge||ON|
|CSW5||Montréal (Bell) Heliport||Montreal||QC|
|CSW6||Hastings/Sweetwater Farms Aerodrome||Hastings||ON|
|CSW9||Sainte-Veronique Water Aerodrome||Sainte-Veronique||QC|
|CSY5||Valleyfield (Transport BRS Inc) Heliport||Salaberry-de-Valleyfield||QC|
|CSY6||Poste Lemoyne (Complex LG-3) Heliport||Poste Lemoyne||QC|
|CSY7||Wallaceburg (Sydenham District Hospital) Heliport||Wallaceburg||ON|
|CSY8||Natashquan (Lac de l'Avion) Water Aerodrome||Natashquan||QC|
|CSY9||Sydney (Cape Breton Regional Hospital) Heliport||Sydney||NS|
|CSZ6||Saint-Jérôme (Hydro-Québec) Heliport||Saint-Jérôme||QC|
|CSZ7||Chibougamau/Lac Caché Water Aerodrome||Chibougamau||QC|
|CSZ8||Montréal (Sacre-Coeur) Heliport||Montreal||QC|
|CSZ9||Schefferville/Squaw Lake Water Aerodrome||Schefferville||QC|
Sundre is a town in central Alberta, Canada. It is located in Mountain View County, 100 km northwest from Calgary, along the Cowboy Trail in the Canadian Rockies foothills. Sundre takes its name from a town in Norway, the original home of Nels T. Hagen, the town's first postmaster. Sundre's first postmaster, Nels T. Hagen, arrived in 1906. Sundre incorporated as a village in 1950 and as a town in 1956. In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Town of Sundre recorded a population of 2,729 living in 1,188 of its 1,256 total private dwellings, a 4.6% change from its 2011 population of 2,610. With a land area of 11.11 km2, it had a population density of 245.6/km2 in 2016. The Town of Sundre's 2012 municipal census counted a population of 2,695. In the 2011 Census, the Town of Sundre had a population of 2,610 living in 1,144 of its 1,738 total dwellings, a 3.4% change from its 2006 adjusted population of 2,523. With a land area of 11.16 km2, it had a population density of 233.9/km2 in 2011.
Main industries in the area are petroleum production, forestry and ranching. Cultural venues within Sundre include the Sundre Municipal Library and the Sundre & District Pioneer Village Museum, which features "Chester Mjolsness' World of Wildlife" exhibit of 150 mounted animals from across the world. Gord Miller, sportscaster List of communities in Alberta List of towns in Alberta Official website
Drummondville is a city in the Centre-du-Québec region of Quebec, located east of Montreal on the Saint-François River. The population as of the Canada 2016 Census was 68,601; the mayor of Drummondville is Alexandre Cusson. Drummondville is the seat of Drummond Regional County Municipality, of the judicial district of Drummond. Drummondville was founded in June 1815 by Lieutenant-Colonel Frederick Heriot; the purpose of the town was to provide a home for British soldiers in the War of 1812, to guard the Saint-François River against American attacks. The town was named after Sir Gordon Drummond, the Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada between 1813 and 1816; the construction of the Hemmings Falls hydro-electric dam in 1920 brought a new wave of industrial growth to the Drummondville area. Several outlying municipalities have been amalgamated into Drummondville since the 1950s: 1955: Saint-Joseph de Grantham, Saint-Jean-Baptiste 1966: Drummondville-Ouest 1982: Drummondville-Sud 1993: Grantham 2004: Saint-Nicéphore, Saint-Charles-de-Drummond, Saint-Joachim-de-Courval Drummondville markets itself as Quebec's Capital of Expression and Traditions, with attractions focusing on culture, both past and present.
The main attractions are the Village Québécois d'Antan. Since 2008 Drummondville hosts Festival de la Poutine, towards the end of August. Drummondville is home to the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League's Drummondville Voltigeurs, founded in 1982; the team plays its home games at Centre Marcel Dionne. Drummondville has another arena, Olympia Yvan-Cournoyer. Drummondville and Victoriaville co-hosted the 2013 World U-17 Hockey Challenge. Prior to the Voltigeurs, Drummondville was home to the Drummondville Rangers of the QMJHL from 1969 to 1974. Drummondville was host to several baseball teams in the Quebec Provincial League in the 1940s and 1950s; the Drummondville Tigers in 1940, the Drummondville Cubs from 1948-1952, the Drummondville Royals in 1953 and the Drummondville A's in 1954. The Autodrome Drummond, holds various automotive races throughout the summer season. La Courvalloise is used for tubing and snowboarding. Drummondville is home to the Promenades Drummondville regional shopping mall. MicroBird by Girardin, has its headquarters in Drummondville.
HighwaysDrummondville is served by Autoroutes 20 and 55. Local transitIntra-city transit has been assured since 1987 by the Drummondville Transit, which operates city bus services on six routes headquartered at the main bus terminal at Des Forges and Lindsay Streets. Service runs at half-hour intervals Monday to Saturday and hourly on Sundays Intercity busesIntercity highway coach service is provided by Orléans Express and Groupe La Québécoise. Major destinations include the nearby cities of Montreal, Quebec City, Trois-Rivières, Saint-Hyacinthe, Thetford Mines. Intercity railPassenger train service towards Montreal and Quebec City is provided by Via Rail. Drummondville is part of the high-traffic Quebec City–Windsor Corridor, trains run at a rate of about five per day in either direction from the Drummondville railway station. AirGeneral aviation services are available at the Drummondville Airport and the Drummondville Water Aerodrome. Drummondville is home to the Cégep de Drummondville, a public French-language CEGEP.
Louise Bédard and choreographer Serge Boisvert, professional hockey player Alex Bourret, professional hockey player Yvan Cournoyer, professional hockey player Gilbert Dionne, professional hockey player Marcel Dionne, professional hockey player Nancy Drolet, Olympic silver medalist in hockey Jessica Dubé, Olympic ice skater Robert Dupuis, 28th Canadian Surgeon General Alan Haworth, professional hockey player Gordie Haworth, professional hockey player Kaïn, musical group Patrick Lalime, professional hockey player Yvon Lambert, professional hockey player Bernard Lemaire, businessman Éric Messier, professional hockey player Lester Patrick, professional hockey player Jean-Luc Pepin, politician Mathieu Perreault, professional hockey player Kim Poirier, actress Karine Vanasse, actress A Perfect Murder, musical group Les Trois Accords, musical group La Roche-sur-Yon, Vendée, Pays de la Loire, France Braine-l'Alleud, Walloon Brabant, Belgium Community of Communes Ackerland and Kochersberg, France Cégep de Drummondville List of cities in Quebec Municipal history of Quebec List of mayors of Drummondville Ville de Drummondville Les Légendes Fantastiques, an outdoor multimedia show based in Drummondville Le Village Québécois d'Antan, a historical village exhibition MRC de Drummond
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada. It is Canada's most populous province accounting for 38.3 percent of the country's population, is the second-largest province in total area. Ontario is fourth-largest jurisdiction in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are included, it is home to the nation's capital city and the nation's most populous city, Ontario's provincial capital. Ontario is bordered by the province of Manitoba to the west, Hudson Bay and James Bay to the north, Quebec to the east and northeast, to the south by the U. S. states of Minnesota, Ohio and New York. All of Ontario's 2,700 km border with the United States follows inland waterways: from the west at Lake of the Woods, eastward along the major rivers and lakes of the Great Lakes/Saint Lawrence River drainage system; these are the Rainy River, the Pigeon River, Lake Superior, the St. Marys River, Lake Huron, the St. Clair River, Lake St. Clair, the Detroit River, Lake Erie, the Niagara River, Lake Ontario and along the St. Lawrence River from Kingston, Ontario, to the Quebec boundary just east of Cornwall, Ontario.
There is only about 1 km of land border made up of portages including Height of Land Portage on the Minnesota border. Ontario is sometimes conceptually divided into Northern Ontario and Southern Ontario; the great majority of Ontario's population and arable land is in the south. In contrast, the larger, northern part of Ontario is sparsely populated with cold winters and heavy forestation; the province is named after Lake Ontario, a term thought to be derived from Ontarí:io, a Huron word meaning "great lake", or skanadario, which means "beautiful water" in the Iroquoian languages. Ontario has about 250,000 freshwater lakes; the province consists of three main geographical regions: The thinly populated Canadian Shield in the northwestern and central portions, which comprises over half the land area of Ontario. Although this area does not support agriculture, it is rich in minerals and in part covered by the Central and Midwestern Canadian Shield forests, studded with lakes and rivers. Northern Ontario is subdivided into two sub-regions: Northeastern Ontario.
The unpopulated Hudson Bay Lowlands in the extreme north and northeast swampy and sparsely forested. Southern Ontario, further sub-divided into four regions. Despite the absence of any mountainous terrain in the province, there are large areas of uplands within the Canadian Shield which traverses the province from northwest to southeast and above the Niagara Escarpment which crosses the south; the highest point is Ishpatina Ridge at 693 metres above sea level in Temagami, Northeastern Ontario. In the south, elevations of over 500 m are surpassed near Collingwood, above the Blue Mountains in the Dundalk Highlands and in hilltops near the Madawaska River in Renfrew County; the Carolinian forest zone covers most of the southwestern region of the province. The temperate and fertile Great Lakes-Saint Lawrence Valley in the south is part of the Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests ecoregion where the forest has now been replaced by agriculture and urban development. A well-known geographic feature is part of the Niagara Escarpment.
The Saint Lawrence Seaway allows navigation to and from the Atlantic Ocean as far inland as Thunder Bay in Northwestern Ontario. Northern Ontario occupies 87 percent of the surface area of the province. Point Pelee is a peninsula of Lake Erie in southwestern Ontario, the southernmost extent of Canada's mainland. Pelee Island and Middle Island in Lake Erie extend farther. All are south of 42°N – farther south than the northern border of California; the climate of Ontario varies by location. It is affected by three air sources: cold, arctic air from the north; the effects of these major air masses on temperature and precipitation depend on latitude, proximity to major bodies of water and to a small extent, terrain relief. In general, most of Ontario's climate is classified as humid continental. Ontario has three main climatic regions; the surrounding Great Lakes influence the climatic region of southern Ontario. During the fall and winter months, heat stored from the lakes is released, moderating the climate near the shores of the lakes.
This gives some parts of southern Ontario milder winters than mid-continental areas at lower latitudes. Parts of Southwestern Ontario have a moderate humid continental climate, similar to that of the inland Mid-Atlantic states and the Great Lakes portion of the Midwestern United States; the region has warm to cold winters. Annual precipitation is well distributed throughout the year. Most of this region lies in the lee of the Great Lakes. In December 2010, the snowbelt set a new record when it was h
Montebello is a municipality located in the Papineau Regional County Municipality of Western Quebec, Canada. At the 2001 census, there were 1,039 permanent residents; the village has a total area of 7.95 square kilometres, is located at the eastern edge of Quebec's Outaouais region. It is located on the border with Ontario; the village is world-famous for the Château Montebello resort, the largest log structure built. The resort was the host of the 1983 NATO Nuclear Planning Group, the 1981 G7 Economic Summit. Parc Omega, a large drive-through wildlife park, is just to the north in Notre-Dame-de-Bonsecours. Since 2005, it hosts the Amnesia Rockfest, which has become Canada's largest rock festival. Past performers include System of a Down, Blink-182, Alice Cooper, The Offspring, Marilyn Manson, Linkin Park, Rise Against and Dream Theater. Non-native settlement of the area began when the land of the Petite Nation Seigneury was purchased by Joseph Papineau in 1801. In 1817, Louis-Joseph Papineau inherited the property and starting in 1846, built the Manor of Montebello, now a National Historic Site in the national park system, operated by Parks Canada.
The Family Museum, on the national Register of Historic Places, is next to Manoir Papineau, on the grounds of the National Historic Site. Louis-Joseph is credited with giving the name "Monte-Bello" to the location in 1854 as tribute to Napoleon-Auguste Lannes, Duke of Montebello, French diplomat and foreign minister in 1839, with whom he had become acquainted during his exile in France from 1839 to 1845. In 1855, the village got its post office. In 1878, it separated from the Parish Municipality of Notre-Dame-de-Bon-Secours-de-la-Petite-Nation and formed the Village Municipality of Montebello. On August 2, 2003, its status were changed and it became the Municipality of Montebello. On August 20–21, 2007, the President of the United States, the Prime Minister of Canada, the President of Mexico held a major trilateral summit meeting, in relation to the Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America, at the Château Montebello. A diverse group numbering more than 1,200 protestors opposed the SPP meeting.
The group included environmental activists, political parties and NGOs. Population trend: Population in 2011: 978 Population in 2006: 987 Population in 2001: 1039 2001 to 2006 population change: 5.0% Population in 1996: 1066 Population in 1991: 1022Private dwellings: 457 Languages: English as first language: 4% French as first language: 92% English and French as first language: 0% Other as first language: 4% Official website Manoir Papineau
Sable Island Aerodrome, is located on Sable Island, Nova Scotia, Canada. The term aerodrome is somewhat of a misnomer in this case since there is no actual airport infrastructure nor is there a runway on Sable Island; the designated landing area is the hard sand of the Island's south beach. It has been registered as an aerodrome in order to facilitate approval of a GPS approach. Sable Aviation operates a Britten-Norman Islander. Prior permission is required to land at this aerodrome. Prior to aircraft landing or taking off, the Operations Coordinator of Parks Canada's Sable Island Station must inspect the area in use that day to ensure that it is not too soft; this is accomplished by driving a truck up and down the length of the landing area, thereby marking out the "runway". Too much rain will render the sand too mushy to safely land the aircraft. Although tidal cycles do not affect the south beach, storm surges flood the entire landing area to a depth of more than a foot, rendering it unusable for fixed-wing operations
Fermont is a town in northeastern Quebec, near the Quebec-Labrador border about 23 kilometres from Labrador City on Route 389, which connects to the Trans-Labrador Highway. It is the seat of the Regional County Municipality of Caniapiscau. Fermont was founded as a company town in the early 1970s to exploit rich iron ore deposits from Mont Wright, about 25 kilometres to the west from the town site; the town is notable for the huge self-contained structure containing apartments, schools, bars, a hotel, restaurants, a supermarket and swimming pool which shelters a community of smaller apartment buildings and homes on its leeward side. The structure was designed to be a windscreen to the rest of the town, it permits residents to never leave the building during the long winter, which lasts about seven months. The town, designed by Maurice Desnoyers and Norbert Schoenauer, was inspired by similar projects in Sweden designed by Ralph Erskine, notably that of Svappavaara, an iron mining town in Sweden.
The building stands 50 metres high. Following the depletion of the Jeannine Lake Mine at Gagnon in the late 1960s, the Québec Cartier Mining Company began to develop the Mont Wright Mine; this was a large-scale project that involved mining and transporting iron ore. Some 1600 employees would be needed, the town of Fermont was constructed to house them and their families. By the end of 1972, the first people settled there; that same year, the Fermont post office opened, in 1974, the place was incorporated as Ville de Fermont. With French being the dominant language within the community, Fermont is arguably the world's northernmost Francophone settlement of any considerable size, being located about one degree of latitude north of Dunkirk. Although fluency in French is common in Nunavik and other points north, most in that region have adopted English as their primary language for communication outside their communities. In addition, a Franco-Yukonnais community can be found in Dawson City, but it forms only a minority of the total population.
Fermont can be considered the northernmost town to speak a Romance language. The city council is composed of six city councillors; the mayor is Martin St-Laurent, the councillors are Dave Bouchard, Janelle Gauthier, Claude Meilleur, Brigitte Poitras, Martin St-Laurent and Yan St-Pierre. The local economy is dependent on the Mont Wright and Fire Lake Mines owned by Québec Cartier Mining Company. Now ArcelorMittal. Over 80% of municipal revenues come from mining operations. Average earnings for full-time workers was $63,982 in 2001, compared to $39,217 in Quebec as a whole; this went up to $70,102 in 2006, whereas the provincial average dropped to $37,722. The mine product is shipped to Port-Cartier on the Cartier Railway. In 2006 the mine was affected by a labour dispute, it was amicably resolved with a six-year contract renewal. Because of the town's disproportionately high number of men compared to women and the few entertainment options in Fermont's climate, the adult entertainment industry is lucrative in Fermont, strippers can make a substantial amount of money for their profession.
Fermont has a harsh subarctic climate with short, mild summers. Although overall not as heavy as in most other parts of the Labrador Peninsula, snowfall is still heavy at around 2.9 metres and average maximum depth of 0.85 metres, deeper than some other North Shore locations with heavier snowfall like Sept-Îles. List of towns in Quebec City of Fermont official site Official tourism site Map Additional photos Original site plan by Norbert Schoenauer Documentary about innovative community design which features Fermont as an example Mur-Écran, The Windscreen on the CBC's Ideas
Alberta is a western province of Canada. With an estimated population of 4,067,175 as of 2016 census, it is Canada's fourth most populous province and the most populous of Canada's three prairie provinces, its area is about 660,000 square kilometres. Alberta and its neighbour Saskatchewan were districts of the Northwest Territories until they were established as provinces on September 1, 1905; the premier has been Rachel Notley since May 2015. Alberta is bounded by the provinces of British Columbia to the west and Saskatchewan to the east, the Northwest Territories to the north, the U. S. state of Montana to the south. Alberta is one of three Canadian provinces and territories to border only a single U. S. state and one of only two landlocked provinces. It has a predominantly humid continental climate, with stark contrasts over a year. Alberta's capital, Edmonton, is near the geographic centre of the province and is the primary supply and service hub for Canada's crude oil, the Athabasca oil sands and other northern resource industries.
About 290 km south of the capital is the largest city in Alberta. Calgary and Edmonton centre Alberta's two census metropolitan areas, both of which have populations exceeding one million, while the province has 16 census agglomerations. Tourist destinations in the province include Banff, Drumheller, Sylvan Lake and Lake Louise. Alberta is named after the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria. Princess Louise was the wife of Marquess of Lorne, Governor General of Canada. Lake Louise and Mount Alberta were named in her honour. Alberta, with an area of 661,848 km2, is the fourth-largest province after Quebec and British Columbia. To the south, the province borders on the 49th parallel north, separating it from the U. S. state of Montana, while to the north the 60th parallel north divides it from the Northwest Territories. To the east, the 110th meridian west separates it from the province of Saskatchewan, while on the west its boundary with British Columbia follows the 120th meridian west south from the Northwest Territories at 60°N until it reaches the Continental Divide at the Rocky Mountains, from that point follows the line of peaks marking the Continental Divide in a southeasterly direction until it reaches the Montana border at 49°N.
The province extends 660 km east to west at its maximum width. Its highest point is 3,747 m at the summit of Mount Columbia in the Rocky Mountains along the southwest border while its lowest point is 152 m on the Slave River in Wood Buffalo National Park in the northeast. With the exception of the semi-arid steppe of the south-eastern section, the province has adequate water resources. There are numerous lakes used for swimming, fishing and a range of water sports. There are three large lakes, Lake Claire in Wood Buffalo National Park, Lesser Slave Lake, Lake Athabasca which lies in both Alberta and Saskatchewan; the longest river in the province is the Athabasca River which travels 1,538 km from the Columbia Icefield in the Rocky Mountains to Lake Athabasca. The largest river is the Peace River with an average flow of 2161 m3/s; the Peace River originates in the Rocky Mountains of northern British Columbia and flows through northern Alberta and into the Slave River, a tributary of the Mackenzie River.
Alberta's capital city, Edmonton, is located at about the geographic centre of the province. It is the most northerly major city in Canada, serves as a gateway and hub for resource development in northern Canada; the region, with its proximity to Canada's largest oil fields, has most of western Canada's oil refinery capacity. Calgary is about 280 km south of Edmonton and 240 km north of Montana, surrounded by extensive ranching country. 75% of the province's population lives in the Calgary–Edmonton Corridor. The land grant policy to the railroads served as a means to populate the province in its early years. Most of the northern half of the province is boreal forest, while the Rocky Mountains along the southwestern boundary are forested; the southern quarter of the province is prairie, ranging from shortgrass prairie in the southeastern corner to mixed grass prairie in an arc to the west and north of it. The central aspen parkland region extending in a broad arc between the prairies and the forests, from Calgary, north to Edmonton, east to Lloydminster, contains the most fertile soil in the province and most of the population.
Much of the unforested part of Alberta is given over either to grain or to dairy farming, with mixed farming more common in the north and centre, while ranching and irrigated agriculture predominate in the south. The Alberta badlands are located in southeastern Alberta, where the Red Deer River crosses the flat prairie and farmland, features deep canyons and striking landforms. Dinosaur Provincial Park, near Brooks, showcases the badlands terrain, desert flora, remnants from Alberta's past when dinosaurs roamed the lush landscape. Alberta has a humid continental climate with cold winters; the province is open to cold arctic weather systems from the north, which produce cold conditions in winter. As the fronts between the air masses shift north and south across Alberta, the temperature can change rapidly. Arctic