List of Canadian airports by location indicator: CB
UpdatedFormat of entries is:
- Location indicator – IATA – Airport Name (alternate name) – Airport Location
Airports that are part of the National Airports System are emphasised.
UpdatedFormat of entries is:
Airports that are part of the National Airports System are emphasised.
|TC LID||IATA||Airport name||Community||Province/|
|CBA3||Kincolith Water Aerodrome||Kincolith||BC|
|CBA6||Bala/Muskoka Float Flying Club Water Aerodrome||Bala||ON|
|CBB3||Lake Muskoka/Boyd Bay Water Aerodrome||Bracebridge||ON|
|CBB4||Beddis Beach Heliport||Beddis Beach, Strait of Georgia||BC|
|CBB5||Port Alice (Hospital) Heliport||Port Alice||BC|
|CBBC||Bella Bella (Campbell Island) Airport||Bella Bella||BC|
|CBC2||Ford Bay Airport||Ford Bay, Great Bear Lake||NT|
|CBC3||Alert Bay Water Aerodrome||Alert Bay||BC|
|CBC4||Kamloops (Royal Inland Hospital) Heliport||Kamloops||BC|
|CBC6||Calgary/Blue Con Heliport||Calgary||AB|
|CBC7||Vancouver/Harbour (Public) Heliport||Vancouver||BC|
|CBC9||Burgeo (Calder Health Care Corp) Heliport||Burgeo||NL|
|CBD2||Vancouver/Delta (North) Heliport||Vancouver||BC|
|CBD6||Nahanni Butte Airport||Nahanni Butte||NT|
|CBD8||Black Diamond/Flying R Ranch Aerodrome||Black Diamond||AB|
|CBD9||White Saddle Ranch Heliport||White Saddle Ranch||BC|
|CBE2||Elko/Lionel P. Demers Memorial Airpark||Elko||BC|
|CBE7||Alliford Bay Water Aerodrome||Alliford Bay||BC|
|CBE8||Moose Lake (Lodge) Water Aerodrome||Moose Lake||BC|
|CBE9||Whistler (Municipal) Heliport||Whistler||BC|
|CBF2||Belwood (Baird Field) Aerodrome||Belwood||ON|
|CBF5||Mayne Island (Medical Emergency) Heliport||Mayne Island||BC|
|CBF6||Prince Rupert/Seal Cove (Public) Heliport||Prince Rupert||BC|
|CBF7||Victoria Harbour (Camel Point) Heliport||Victoria||BC|
|CBF8||Muncho Lake/Mile 462 Water Aerodrome||Muncho Lake||BC|
|CBF9||Mabel Lake Airport||Mabel Lake||BC|
|CBG2||Green Lake Aerodrome||Green Lake||BC|
|CGB4||Nanaimo/Gabriola Island (Health Clinic) Heliport||Nanaimo||BC|
|CBG5||Nanaimo (Regional Hospital) Heliport||Nanaimo||BC|
|CBG9||Courtenay Airpark Water Aerodrome||Courtenay||BC|
|CBH4||Prairie Creek Airport||Prairie Creek||NT|
|CBH7||Benalto/Hillman's Farm Aerodrome||Benalto||AB|
|CBJ4||Echo Valley Airport||Echo Valley||BC|
|CBJ8||Fraser Lake Water Aerodrome||Fraser Lake||BC|
|CBJ9||San Juan Point (Coast Guard) Heliport||San Juan Point||BC|
|CBK4||Vancouver (General Hospital) Heliport||Vancouver||BC|
|CBK5||Port Alberni (West Coast General Hospital) Heliport||Port Alberni||BC|
|CBK6||Quesnel Lake Airport||Quesnel Lake||BC|
|CBK7||Toad River/Mile 422 (Alaska Highway) Airport||Toad River||BC|
|CBK8||Victoria (Royal Jubilee Hospital) Heliport||Victoria||BC|
|CBK9||Little Parker Island Heliport||Little Parker Island||BC|
|CBL2||Severn Bridge/Buck Lake Water Aerodrome||Severn Bridge||ON|
|CBL3||Fort Nelson/Gordon Field Airport||Fort Nelson||BC|
|CBL4||Bassano (Health Centre) Heliport||Bassano||AB|
|CBL6||Radium Hot Springs Airport||Radium Hot Springs||BC|
|CBL7||Cortes Island Heliport||Cortes Island||BC|
|CBL9||Elkin Creek Guest Ranch Airport||Elkin Creek Guest Ranch||BC|
|CBM3||Bruce Mines/Kerr Field Aerodrome||Bruce Mines||ON|
|CBM7||Banff Mineral Springs (Hospital) Heliport||Banff||AB|
|CBM9||Port McNeill (Hospital) Heliport||Port Mcneill||BC|
|CBN2||Bonnyville Health Centre Heliport||Bonnyville||AB|
|CBN3||Buffalo Narrows (Fire Centre) Heliport||Buffalo Narrows||SK|
|CBN4||Masset Water Aerodrome||Masset||BC|
|CBN7||Beaverton North Aerodrome||Beaverton||ON|
|CBN9||Tsay Keh Airport||Tsay Keh||BC|
|CBP2||Banff (Park Compound) Heliport||Banff||AB|
|CBP3||Fernie (Elk Valley Hospital) Heliport||Fernie||BC|
|CBP4||Sechelt (Sechelt Hospital) Heliport||Sechelt||BC|
|CBP5||Lillooet (CC Helicopters 2011) Heliport||Lillooet||BC|
|CBQ2||Fort Langley Airport||Fort Langley||BC|
|CBQ7||Kemess Creek Airport||Kemess Mine||BC|
|CBQ9||Nanaimo/Quennell Lake Water Aerodrome||Quennell Lake||BC|
|CBR4||Clinton/Bleibler Ranch Aerodrome||Clinton||BC|
|CBR7||Tofino Lifeboat Station Heliport||Tofino||BC|
|CBR8||Prince Rupert (Hospital) Heliport||Prince Rupert||BC|
|CBR9||Bottrel/Anchor 9 Ranch Aerodrome||Bottrel||AB|
|CBS2||Estevan (Blue Sky) Aerodrome||Estevan||SK|
|CBS4||Mule Creek Airport||Mule Creek||BC|
|CBS5||Port Hardy (Hospital) Heliport||Port Hardy||BC|
|CBS6||Blue Sea Lake (Outaouais Aviation) Water Aerodrome||Blue Sea Lake||QC|
|CBS7||Briercrest South Airport||Briercrest||SK|
|CBS8||YPB||Port Alberni (Alberni Valley Regional) Airport||Port Alberni||BC|
|CBS9||Blairmore (Crowsnest Pass Hospital) Heliport||Blairmore||AB|
|CBT2||Wiarton/Beattie Lake Water Aerodrome||Wiarton||ON|
|CBT3||Tsetzi Lake (Pan Phillips) Airport||Tsetzi Lake||BC|
|CBT5||Golden (Golden & District General Hospital) Heliport||Golden||BC|
|CBT9||Port Alberni/Sproat Lake Tanker Base Heliport||Port Alberni||BC|
|CBV5||Belleville (QHC) Heliport||Belleville||ON|
|CBV7||Valemount (Yellowhead Helicopters) Heliport||Valemount||BC|
|CBW3||Fort Grahame Airport||Fort Grahame||BC|
|CBW4||YBO||Bob Quinn Lake Airport||Bob Quinn Lake||BC|
|CBW6||Belwood (Wright Field) Aerodrome||Belwood||ON|
|CBW7||Victoria (General Hospital) Heliport||Victoria||BC|
|CBW8||Baldwin West Aerodrome||Baldwin, York Regional Municipality||ON|
|CBW9||Madrona Bay Heliport||Madrona||BC|
|CBX5||Tungsten (Cantung) Airport||Tungsten||NT|
|CBX7||Tumbler Ridge Airport||Tumbler Ridge||BC|
|CBY2||Edmonton/Bailey Heliport||Sherwood Park||AB|
|CBY5||Prince Rupert/Seal Cove (Coast Guard) Heliport||Prince Rupert||BC|
|CBY6||Green Lake Water Aerodrome||Green Lake||BC|
|CBZ7||Victoria Harbour (Shoal Point) Heliport||Victoria||BC|
|CBZ9||Fraser Lake Airport||Fraser Lake||BC|
British Columbia is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains. With an estimated population of 5.016 million as of 2018, it is Canada's third-most populous province. The first British settlement in the area was Fort Victoria, established in 1843, which gave rise to the City of Victoria, at first the capital of the separate Colony of Vancouver Island. Subsequently, on the mainland, the Colony of British Columbia was founded by Richard Clement Moody and the Royal Engineers, Columbia Detachment, in response to the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush. Moody was Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for the Colony and the first Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia: he was hand-picked by the Colonial Office in London to transform British Columbia into the British Empire's "bulwark in the farthest west", "to found a second England on the shores of the Pacific". Moody selected the site for and founded the original capital of British Columbia, New Westminster, established the Cariboo Road and Stanley Park, designed the first version of the Coat of arms of British Columbia.
Port Moody is named after him. In 1866, Vancouver Island became part of the colony of British Columbia, Victoria became the united colony's capital. In 1871, British Columbia became the sixth province of Canada, its Latin motto is Splendor sine occasu. The capital of British Columbia remains Victoria, the fifteenth-largest metropolitan region in Canada, named for Queen Victoria, who ruled during the creation of the original colonies; the largest city is Vancouver, the third-largest metropolitan area in Canada, the largest in Western Canada, the second-largest in the Pacific Northwest. In October 2013, British Columbia had an estimated population of 4,606,371; the province is governed by the British Columbia New Democratic Party, led by John Horgan, in a minority government with the confidence and supply of the Green Party of British Columbia. Horgan became premier as a result of a no-confidence motion on June 29, 2017. British Columbia evolved from British possessions that were established in what is now British Columbia by 1871.
First Nations, the original inhabitants of the land, have a history of at least 10,000 years in the area. Today there are few treaties, the question of Aboriginal Title, long ignored, has become a legal and political question of frequent debate as a result of recent court actions. Notably, the Tsilhqot'in Nation has established Aboriginal title to a portion of their territory, as a result of the 2014 Supreme Court of Canada decision in Tsilhqot'in Nation v British Columbia; the province's name was chosen by Queen Victoria, when the Colony of British Columbia, i.e. "the Mainland", became a British colony in 1858. It refers to the Columbia District, the British name for the territory drained by the Columbia River, in southeastern British Columbia, the namesake of the pre-Oregon Treaty Columbia Department of the Hudson's Bay Company. Queen Victoria chose British Columbia to distinguish what was the British sector of the Columbia District from the United States, which became the Oregon Territory on August 8, 1848, as a result of the treaty.
The Columbia in the name British Columbia is derived from the name of the Columbia Rediviva, an American ship which lent its name to the Columbia River and the wider region. British Columbia is bordered to the west by the Pacific Ocean and the American state of Alaska, to the north by Yukon Territory and the Northwest Territories, to the east by the province of Alberta, to the south by the American states of Washington and Montana; the southern border of British Columbia was established by the 1846 Oregon Treaty, although its history is tied with lands as far south as California. British Columbia's land area is 944,735 square kilometres. British Columbia's rugged coastline stretches for more than 27,000 kilometres, includes deep, mountainous fjords and about 6,000 islands, most of which are uninhabited, it is the only province in Canada. British Columbia's capital is Victoria, located at the southeastern tip of Vancouver Island. Only a narrow strip of Vancouver Island, from Campbell River to Victoria, is populated.
Much of the western part of Vancouver Island and the rest of the coast is covered by temperate rainforest. The province's most populous city is Vancouver, at the confluence of the Fraser River and Georgia Strait, in the mainland's southwest corner. By land area, Abbotsford is the largest city. Vanderhoof is near the geographic centre of the province; the Coast Mountains and the Inside Passage's many inlets provide some of British Columbia's renowned and spectacular scenery, which forms the backdrop and context for a growing outdoor adventure and ecotourism industry. 75% of the province is mountainous. The province's mainland away from the coastal regions is somewhat moderated by the Pacific Ocean. Terrain ranges from dry inland forests and semi-arid valleys, to the range and canyon districts of the Central and Southern Interior, to boreal forest and subarctic prairie in the Northern Interior. High mountain regions both north and south subalpine climate; the Okanagan area, extending from Vernon to Osoyoos at the United States border, is one of several wine and cider-produci
Salt Spring Island is one of the Gulf Islands in the Strait of Georgia between mainland British Columbia and Vancouver Island. The island was inhabited by various Salishan peoples before being settled by pioneers in 1859, at which time it was called Admiral Island, it was the first of the Gulf Islands to be settled and the first agricultural settlement on the islands in the Colony of Vancouver Island, as well as the first island in the region to permit settlers to acquire land through pre-emption. The island was retitled to its current name in 1910. Salt Spring Island is the largest, most populous, the most visited of the Southern Gulf Islands. Salt Spring Island, or xʷənen̕əč, was inhabited by Salishan peoples of various tribes. Other Saanich placenames on the island include: t̕θəsnaʔəŋ̕, čəw̕een, xʷən̕en̕əč, syaxʷt; the island became a refuge from racism for African Americans. They left California in 1858. Several of the families settled on this island. Before the emigration, Mifflin Wistar Gibbs traveled with two other men up to the colony to interview Governor James Douglas about what kind of treatment they could expect there.
The Governor was a Guyanese man of multi-ethnic birth, assured them that people of African descent in Canada would be treated and that the colony had abolished slavery more than 20 years before. The island was the first of the Gulf Islands to be settled by non-First Nations people. According to 1988's A Victorian Missionary and Canadian Indian Policy, it was the first agricultural settlement established anywhere in the Colony of Vancouver Island, not owned by the Hudson's Bay Company or its subsidiary the Pugets Sound Agricultural Company. Salt Spring Island was the first in the Colony of Vancouver Island and British Columbia to allow settlers to acquire land through pre-emption: settlers could occupy and improve the land before purchase, being permitted to buy it at a cost per acre of one dollar after proving they had done so. Before 1871, all property acquired on Salt Spring Island was purchased in this way; as a result, the history of early settlers on Salt Spring Island is unusually detailed.
Demographically, early settlers of the island included not only African Americans, but English and British Isles settlers, including Irish and Scottish, as well as aboriginal and Hawaiian. The method of land purchase helped to ensure that the land was used for agricultural purposes and that the settlers were families. Ruth Wells Sandwell in Beyond the City Limit indicates that few of the island's early residents were commercial farmers, with most families maintaining subsistence plots and supplementing through other activities, including fishing and working for the colony's government; some families abandoned their land as a result of lack of civic services on the island or other factors, such as the livestock-killing cold of the winter of 1862. During the 1960s, the island became a political refuge for United States citizens, this time for draft evaders during the Vietnam War; the island was known as "Chuan" or "Chouan" Island in 1854, but it was called "Salt Spring" as early as 1855, because of the island's salt springs.
In 1859, it was named "Admiralty Island" in honour of Rear-Admiral Robert Lambert Baynes by surveyor Captain Richards, who named various points of the island in honour of the Rear-Admiral and his flagship, HMS Ganges. While named "Admiralty Island", it was referred to popularly as Salt Spring, as in James Richardson's report for the Geological Survey of Canada in 1872. According to records of the Geographic Board of Canada, the island was retitled Saltspring on March 1, 1910, though the year 1905 is given by unofficial sources. According to the Integrated Land Management Bureau of British Columbia, locals incline to Salt Spring and Saltspring for current use; the official chamber of commerce website for the island, which gives a date of 1906 for the renaming, adopts the two word title, stating that the Geographic Board of Canada, in choosing the one word name, "cared nothing for local opinion or Island tradition." Located between Mainland British Columbia and Vancouver Island, Salt Spring Island is the most visited of the Gulf Islands as well as the most populous, with a 2016 census population of 10,557 inhabitants.
The largest village on the island is Ganges. The island is known for its artists. In addition to Canadian dollars, island banks and most island businesses accept Salt Spring's own local currency, the Salt Spring dollar; the island is part of the Southern Gulf Islands, which are all part of the Capital Regional District, along with the municipalities of Greater Victoria. Salt Spring Island's highest point of elevation is Bruce Peak, which according to topographic data from Natural Resources Canada is just over 700 m above sea level. Salt Spring Island has many hiking trails. Two of these trails are rough and windy trails that lead to the summit regions of both Bruce Peak 709 m above sea level, Mount Tuam 602 meters above sea level; these two mountain peaks are the tallest points of land on the Southern Gulf Islands. Many short hikes can be found on the island. One of these is the 2.5 km long trek to the summit of Mount Erskine, 441 m above se
The Great Bear Lake is the largest lake in Canada, the fourth-largest in North America, the eighth-largest in the world. The lake is in the Northwest Territories, on the Arctic Circle between 65 and 67 degrees of northern latitude and between 118 and 123 degrees western longitude, 156 m above sea level; the name originated from the Chipewyan language word satudene, meaning "grizzly bear water people." The Sahtu Dene people are named after the lake. Grizzly Bear Mountain on the shore of the lake comes from Chipewyan, meaning, "bear large hill."The Sahoyue peninsula on the south side of the lake and the Edacho peninsula on the west side form the Saoyú-ʔehdacho National Historic Site of Canada. The lake has a surface area of 31,153 km2 and a volume of 2,236 km3, its maximum depth is 446 m and average depth 71.7 m. The shoreline is 2,719 km and the catchment area of the lake is 114,717 km2. Great Bear Lake is covered with ice from late November to July; the lake is known for its considerable clearness.
Explorer John Franklin wrote in 1828 that a white rag placed in the water did not disappear until it exceeded a depth of 15 fathoms. Arms of Great Bear Lake include the Smith Arm, the Dease Arm, the McTavish Arm, the McVicar Arm and the Keith Arm; the community of Deline is located on the Keith Arm near the outflow of the Great Bear River that flows west into the Mackenzie River at Tulita. Rivers flowing into Great Bear Lake include the Whitefish River, Big Spruce River, Haldane River, Bloody River, Sloan River, Dease River and the Johnny Hoe River. Great Bear Lake lies between two major physiographic regions: the Kazan Uplands portion of the Canadian Shield and the Interior Plains, it was part of Glacial Lake McConnell in the pre-glacial valleys reshaped by erosional ice during the Pleistocene. Since, the lake has changed from post-glacial rebound following the ice melting. Precambrian rocks of the Canadian Shield form the eastern margin of the McTavish Arm; these rocks of the Precambrian are sedimentary and metamorphic deposits supplemented by igneous intrusions forming dikes and sills.
The Deline settlement is near the headwaters of the Bear River. There is an ice crossing from Deline to the winter road on the far side of the Great Bear River. On 5 March 2016, a tank truck fell partway through the ice road just a few days after the government had increased the allowed maximum weight limit to 40,000 kg on the road; the truck, 3 km outside of Deline and close to the community's fresh water intake, as well as a major fishing area, contained 30,000 l of heating fuel and was one of 70 truck loads intended to resupply the community. The fuel was removed from the truck by 8 March. Three lodges around the lake are destinations for hunting. In 1995, a 32.8 kg lake trout was caught, the largest caught anywhere by angling. In 1930, Gilbert LaBine discovered uranium deposits in the Great Bear Lake region; the former mining area Port Radium, site of the Eldorado Mine, where pitchblende was discovered, was located on the eastern shore. Echo Bay Mines Limited leased the old camp and mill at Port Radium to recover silver and copper values from 1965 to 1981.
The Great Bear Lake is paramount in the Délı̨nę people’s identity and culture. Hence, conserving it is critical for the Délı̨nę people. Ɂehtsǝ́o Erǝ́ya, a former member of the Dene peoples, is regarded as a prophet, making over 30 prophecies which have come true. His prediction for the end of times claims that as the world dries up, the little remaining life will flock to and end on the banks of the Great Bear Lake, a lake seen as a physical beating heart to humanity; the Délı̨nę people have followed these prophecies closely. List of lakes of Canada 1867 account of the lake by William Carpenter Bompas
Kamloops is a city in south-central British Columbia, Canada, at the confluence of the two branches of the Thompson River near Kamloops Lake. With a population of 90,280, it is the largest community in the Thompson-Nicola Regional District and the location of the regional district's offices; the surrounding region is more referred to as the Thompson Country. Kamloops is ranked 36th on the list of the largest metropolitan areas in Canada and represents the 36th largest census agglomeration nationwide, with 103,811 residents in 2016; the population of the regional district is 132,663. Kamloops is known as the Tournament Capital of Canada and hosts over 100 tournaments each year at world class sports facilities such as the Tournament Capital Centre, Kamloops Bike Ranch, Tournament Capital Ranch. Health care and education are major contributing industries to the regional economy and have grown in recent years. Kamloops was British Columbia's first city to become a Bee City in 2016 as numerous organisations in the community are protecting and creating bumble bee habitats in the city.
The first European explorers arrived in 1811, in the person of David Stuart, sent out from Fort Astoria still a Pacific Fur Company post, who spent a winter there with the Secwepemc people, with Alexander Ross establishing a post there in May 1812 - "Fort Cumcloups". The rival North West Company established another post - Fort Shuswap - nearby in the same year; the two operations were merged in 1813 when the North West Company officials in the region bought the operations of the Pacific Fur Company. After the North West Company's forced merger with the Hudson's Bay Company in 1821, the post became known as Thompson's River Post, or Fort Thompson, which over time became known as Fort Kamloops; the post's journals, kept by its Chief Traders, document a series of inter-Indian wars and personalities for the period and give much insight to the goings-on of the fur companies and their personnel throughout the entire Pacific Slope. Soon after the forts were founded, the main local village of the Secwepemc headed by a chief named Kwa'lila, was moved closer to the trading post in order to control access to its trade, for prestige and security.
With Kwalila's death, the local chieftaincy was passed to his nephew and foster-son Chief Nicola, who led an alliance of Syilx and Nlaka'pamux people in the plateau country to the south around Stump and Douglas Lakes. Relations between Nicola and the fur traders were tense, but in the end Nicola was recognised as a great help to the influx of whites during the gold rush, though admonishing those, in parties waging violence and looting on the Okanagan Trail, which led from American territory to the Fraser goldfields. Throughout, Kamloops was an important way station on the route of the Hudson's Bay Brigade Trail, which connected Fort Astoria with Fort Alexandria and the other forts in New Caledonia to the north, which continued in heavy use through the onset of the Cariboo Gold Rush as the main route to the new goldfields around what was to become Barkerville; the gold rush of the 1860s and the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway, which reached Kamloops from the West in 1883, brought further growth, resulting in the City of Kamloops being incorporated in 1893 with a population of about 500.
The logging industry of the 1970s brought many Indo-Canadians into the Kamloops area from the Punjab region of India. In 1973, Kamloops annexed other nearby communities. "Kamloops" is the anglicised version of the Shuswap word "Tk'əmlúps", meaning "meeting of the waters". Shuswap is still spoken in the area by members of the Tk'emlúps Indian Band. An alternate origin sometimes given for the name may have come from the native name's accidental similarity to the French "Camp des loups", meaning "Camp of Wolves". One story connected with this version of the name concerns an attack by a pack of wolves, much built up in story to one huge white wolf, or a pack of wolves and other animals, travelling overland from the Nicola Country being repelled by a single shot by John Tod Chief Trader, thus preventing the fort from attack and granting Tod a great degree of respect locally. Kamloops is in the Montane Cordillera Ecozone; the city's centre is in the valley near the confluence of the Thompson River's north and south branches.
Suburbs stretch for more than a dozen kilometres along the north and south branches, as well as to the steep hillsides along the south portion of the city and lower northeast hillsides. Robert W. Service in 1904 described Kamloops as his delightful life and wrote "Life was pleasant, the work was light. At four o'clock we were on our horses, riding over the rolling ridges, or into spectral gulches that rose to ghostlier mountains, it was like the scenery of Mexico, aridly morose. A discouraging land, forbidding in its weariness and resigned to ruin." Kamloops Indian Band areas begin just to the northeast of the downtown core but are not within the city limits. As a result of this placement, it is necessary to leave Kamloops' city limits and pass through the band lands before re-entering the city limits to access the communities of Rayleigh and Heffley Creek. Kamloops is surrounded by the smaller communities of Cherry Creek, Savona, Scotch Creek, Adams Lake, Paul Lake and various others; the climate of Kamloops is semi-arid due to its rain shadow location.
Port Alice is a village of 805 located off on Neroutsos Inlet, northwest of Port McNeill, on Vancouver Island built by Whalen Pulp and Paper Mills of Vancouver. The community is known for its natural environment, pulp mill, salt water fishing, it was named after the founders' mother. The brothers Whalen began their construction of the mill at its present site in 1917, with first pulp produced in 1918; the mill at Swanson Bay, on the Inside Passage farther north, was a Whalen operation. Port Alice bears a resemblance to Port Annie, the fictional town described by Vancouver Island author Jack Hodgins in his novel The Resurrection of Joseph Bourne; the new orchid hybrid "Port Alice" has been listed at London England in the Royal Horticultural Society's "Book of Registered Orchid Hybrids". This slipper-type flower is the result of crossing a complex hybrid Paphiopedilum "Western Sky" with a species Paphiopedilum appletonianum. Devil’s Bath, a flooded sinkhole near Port Alice, is an example of a cenote and is the largest in Canada at 359 meters in diameter and 44 meters in depth.
There are a number of hiking destinations in the area. They include Eternal Fountain, Vanishing River & Reappearing River; these are a series of ancient limestone formations. The access is through dirt roads. Port Alice has an oceanic climate and is one of the mildest and wettest places in Canada, receiving 3.3 metres of actual rainfall per year and exceptionally little snow, which amounts to as much as 33 percent more rainfall than infamously wet Prince Rupert and only marginally less than Southeast Alaska’s wettest cities of Ketchikan and Yakutat which each average around 3.8 metres and receive much more snowfall. Jason Bowen – NHL player 1992 - 1998 Between Philadelphia Flyers and Edmonton Oilers Patrick Moore – founding member of Greenpeace Dale Walters – 1984 Olympics bronze medalist in boxing Official website
Bracebridge is a town and the seat of the Muskoka District Municipality in Ontario, Canada. The town was built around a waterfall on the Muskoka River in the centre of town, is known for its other nearby waterfalls, it was first incorporated in 1875. It was named after a book, Bracebridge Hall by Washington Irving, that the postmaster in charge of naming towns was reading at the time; the town is the seat of the district government, a centre of tourism for the Muskoka area, home to several historical sites, such as the Clock Tower, Woodchester Villa, the Silver Bridge, which joins Manitoba Street with Ecclestone Drive. The Silver Bridge was repaired in 2002. Bracebridge is the home of the Muskoka Brewery. Graydon Smith is the current mayor; the character of the town of Bracebridge is shaped by its proximity to Lake Muskoka to which it is connected by 6 miles of the Muskoka River, by the promise of abundant water power afforded by the great waterfall at the foot of the downtown. Early growth of the town occurred in proximity to the falls.
The arrival of the Grand Trunk Railway cemented the town's role as a transportation hub for the area. Modern settlement of the town began beginning at first with a few log huts; the Muskoka colonization road had been completed to the first falls on the north branch of the Muskoka River by 1862. Entrepreneurs began to take advantage of the area's water power. With the advent of steamship service on Lake Muskoka a few years Bracebridge prospered as the main distribution centre for the region. By 1869, Bracebridge was a village with a population of 160 in the Township of Macaulay, Victoria County; the village was established on the Muskoka River. There were stages in winter and boats in summer from Barrie to Washago; the average price of wild land was $2 to $5 an acre. By 1870 the village had a population of about 400, growing to reach a total of about 2,000 by the turn of the 20th century; the village was incorporated in 1875 and became a town under an Act of Parliament in 1889. In 1894 Bracebridge became the first town in Ontario to have its own hydro generating station.
In 1971 Macaulay Township was merged into Bracebridge. The municipal boundaries of Bracebridge encompass the smaller communities of Clear Lake, Falkenburg Station, Germania, Matthiasville, Purbrook, Springdale Park, Stoneleigh and Vankoughnet. Bracebridge is adjacent to Highway 11, a major provincial highway that connects the community to Greater Toronto in under 2 hours, as well as to markets in Northern Ontario. Muskoka Airport, a Canada Customs Airport of Entry and a Transport Canada certified facility, operates a mere 5 km south of Bracebridge. Capable of handling aircraft as large as the Boeing 737, this airport operates 356 days per year and sees over 15,000 annual aircraft movements each year. While rail service to Bracebridge has been discontinued, the community is serviced by coach bus line that departs from the Bracebridge Quality Inn and takes passengers south to Toronto and north to North Bay. In 2016 the municipality launched Bracebridge Transit, a one-hour, single-route schedule that gets residents around the urban core.
Bracebridge Mobility offers door-to-door service to individuals who are unable to access the regular transit service due to mobility issues. Bracebridge is served by several elementary schools and two high schools: Bracebridge and Muskoka Lakes Secondary School, Saint Dominic Catholic Secondary School. Public education is administered by the Trillium Lakelands District School Board, Catholic education is administered by the Simcoe Muskoka Catholic District School Board. Georgian College operates a satellite campus in the town with programming that supports the local labour market. Nipissing University operated in Bracebridge for over 21 years but chose to consolidate its operations in 2016 resulting in the closure of the local campus; the facility was purchased in 2018 by Dewey College, an independent high school registered with the Ontario Ministry of Education that offers international students a range of programs from high school to ESL and AP programs. Contact North provides academic degrees, certificates or skill development through online learning from a huge variety of Ontario colleges and universities.
The Town of Bracebridge built a state of the art Sportsplex in 2006 which contains a rock climbing wall, indoor track, eight-lane swimming pool and fitness studio. The town partnered with the Muskoka Limberettes Gymnastics Club to create a gymnastics facility in the same building; the Sportsplex is part of the same complex including the Bracebridge and Muskoka Lakes Secondary School and Rene M. Caisse Memorial Theatre. Bracebridge opened a new 3.75 Million dollar softball venue called Peake Fields at Verena Acres. This facility supports a Men's League, Women's League, Minor Ball, as well as slow pitch; the Men's fastball League has been running for some 35 years, has produced 4 Ontario Intermediate Fastball Championships, 3 Canadian Championships, with all local players. Plans are in place for a new Arena/Fieldhouse/Library complex, expected to be constructed in the next couple of years. Bracebridge is the home of Santa's Village, a Christmas theme park, established in 1955, it was inspired by the town's location at 45 degrees latitude, halfway between the equator and the North Pole.
Bracebridge contains Woodchester Villa, an unusual octagonal house. In 2
Newfoundland and Labrador is the most easterly province of Canada. Situated in the country's Atlantic region, it comprises the island of Newfoundland and mainland Labrador to the northwest, with a combined area of 405,212 square kilometres. In 2018, the province's population was estimated at 525,073. About 92% of the province's population lives on the island of Newfoundland, of whom more than half live on the Avalon Peninsula; the province is Canada's most linguistically homogeneous, with 97.0% of residents reporting English as their mother tongue in the 2016 census. Newfoundland was home to unique varieties of French and Irish, as well as the extinct Beothuk language. In Labrador, the indigenous languages Innu-aimun and Inuktitut are spoken. Newfoundland and Labrador's capital and largest city, St. John's, is Canada's 20th-largest census metropolitan area and is home to 40 percent of the province's population. St. John's is the seat of government, home to the House of Assembly of Newfoundland and Labrador and to the highest court in the jurisdiction, the Newfoundland and Labrador Court of Appeal.
A former colony and dominion of the United Kingdom, Newfoundland gave up its independence in 1933, following significant economic distress caused by the Great Depression and the aftermath of Newfoundland's participation in World War I. It became the tenth province to enter the Canadian Confederation on March 31, 1949, as "Newfoundland". On December 6, 2001, an amendment was made to the Constitution of Canada to change the province's name to Newfoundland and Labrador; the name "New founde lande" was uttered by King Henry VII in reference to the land explored by the Cabots. In Portuguese it is Terra Nova, which means "new land", the French name for the Province's island region; the name "Terra Nova" is in wide use on the island. The influence of early Portuguese exploration is reflected in the name of Labrador, which derives from the surname of the Portuguese navigator João Fernandes Lavrador. Labrador's name in the Inuttitut language is Nunatsuak, meaning "the big land". Newfoundland's Inuttitut name is Ikkarumikluak meaning "place of many shoals".
Newfoundland and Labrador is the most easterly province in Canada, is at the north-eastern corner of North America. The Strait of Belle Isle separates the province into two geographical parts: Labrador, a large area of mainland Canada, Newfoundland, an island in the Atlantic Ocean; the province includes over 7,000 tiny islands. Newfoundland is triangular; each side is about 400 km long, its area is 108,860 km2. Newfoundland and its neighbouring small islands have an area of 111,390 km2. Newfoundland extends between latitudes 46°36′N and 51°38′N. Labrador is an irregular shape: the western part of its border with Quebec is the drainage divide of the Labrador Peninsula. Lands drained by rivers that flow into the Atlantic Ocean are part of Labrador, the rest belongs to Quebec. Most of Labrador's southern boundary with Quebec follows the 52nd parallel of latitude. Labrador's extreme northern tip, at 60°22′N, shares a short border with Nunavut. Labrador's area is 294,330 km2. Together and Labrador make up 4.06% of Canada's area, with a total area of 405,720 km2.
Labrador is the easternmost part of the Canadian Shield, a vast area of ancient metamorphic rock comprising much of northeastern North America. Colliding tectonic plates have shaped much of the geology of Newfoundland. Gros Morne National Park has a reputation as an outstanding example of tectonics at work, as such has been designated a World Heritage Site; the Long Range Mountains on Newfoundland's west coast are the northeasternmost extension of the Appalachian Mountains. The north-south extent of the province, prevalent westerly winds, cold ocean currents and local factors such as mountains and coastline combine to create the various climates of the province. Northern Labrador is classified as a polar tundra climate, southern Labrador has a subarctic climate, while most of Newfoundland has a humid continental climate: cool summer subtype. Newfoundland and Labrador has a wide range of climates and weather, due to its geography; the island of Newfoundland spans 5 degrees of latitude, comparable to the Great Lakes.
The province has been divided into six climate types, but broadly Newfoundland has a cool summer subtype of a humid continental climate, influenced by the sea since no part of the island is more than 100 km from the ocean. Northern Labrador is classified as a polar tundra climate, southern Labrador has a subarctic climate. Monthly average temperatures and snowfall for four places are shown in the attached graphs. St. John's represents the east coast, Gander the interior of the island, Corner Brook the west coast of the island and Wabush the interior of Labrador. Climate data for 56 places in the province is available from Environment Canada; the data for the graphs is the average over thirty years. Error bars on the temperature graph indicate the range of daytime highs and night time lows. Snowfall is the total amount that fell during the month, not the amount accumulated on the ground; this distinction is important for St. John's, where a heavy snowfall can be followed by rain, so no snow remains on the ground.