List of Canadian airports by location indicator: CC
Format of entries is:
- Location indicator – IATA – Airport Name (alternate name) – Airport Location
Airports that are part of the National Airports System are emphasised.
Format of entries is:
Airports that are part of the National Airports System are emphasised.
|TC LID||IATA||Airport name||Community||Province/|
|CCA2||New Germany Water Aerodrome||New Germany||NS|
|CCA3||Cable Head Airpark||Cable Head||PE|
|CCA6||Williams Harbour Airport||Williams Harbour||NL|
|CCB5||Goose (Otter Creek) Water Aerodrome||Happy Valley-Goose Bay||NL|
|CCB7||Cumberland Bay Water Aerodrome||Cumberland Bay||NB|
|CCB8||Kilbride (Bot) Heliport||Kilbride||ON|
|CCC3||Cooks Creek Aerodrome||Cooks Creek||MB|
|CCE4||YBI||Black Tickle Airport||Black Tickle||NL|
|CCE5||Canso (Eastern Memorial Hospital) Heliport||Canso||NS|
|CCE6||Camden East Aerodrome||Camden East||ON|
|CCE7||Edmonton (City) Heliport||Edmonton||AB|
|CCF4||Porters Lake Airport||Porters Lake||NS|
|CCF6||Edmonton/Morinville (Currie Field) Aerodrome||Edmonton||AB|
|CCF7||Alida/Cowan Farm Private Aerodrome||Alida||SK|
|CCG3||Weyman Airpark||Keswick River||NB|
|CCG5||Cayuga (Bruce Field) Aerodrome||Cayuga||ON|
|CCG6||St. Peter's/Cape George Water Aerodrome||St. Peter's||NS|
|CCH2||Upper Kent Aerodrome||Upper Kent||NB|
|CCH3||Canmore (Hospital) Heliport||Canmore||AB|
|CCH5||Montréal/Longueuil (Centre Hospitalier Pierre-Boucher) Heliport||Montreal||QC|
|CCH6||Summerside (Prince County Hospital) Heliport||Summerside||PE|
|CCH7||Quebec/Capitale Hélicoptère Heliport||Quebec City||QC|
|CCH9||Cold Lake Healthcare Centre Heliport||Cold Lake||AB|
|CCI9||YCF||Cortes Island Aerodrome||Cortes Island||BC|
|CCJ3||Boston Brook Airport||Boston Brook||NB|
|CCK2||St. John's (Health Sciences Centre) Heliport||St. John's||NL|
|CCK3||Grand Falls Airport||Grand Falls||NB|
|CCK4||St. Lewis (Fox Harbour) Airport||St. Lewis||NL|
|CCK5||Owen Sound (Cook Field) Aerodrome||Owen Sound||ON|
|CCL2||Candle Lake Airpark||Candle Lake||SK|
|CCL3||Christina Lake Aerodrome||Christina Lake||AB|
|CCM3||Sevogle Airport||Sevogle River||NB|
|CCM4||Port au Choix Airport||Port Au Choix||NL|
|CCN2||Grand Manan Airport||Grand Manan||NB|
|CCP2||Exploits Valley (Botwood) Airport||Botwood||NL|
|CCP4||YHA||Port Hope Simpson Airport||Port Hope Simpson||NL|
|CCP5||Rawdon/Camping Pontbriand (Hydro) Water Aerodrome||Rawdon||QC|
|CCQ5||St. John's (Paddys Pond) Water Aerodrome||St. John's||NL|
|CCR5||Cline River Heliport||Cline River||AB|
|CCR6||Campbell River (E & B Helicopters) Heliport||Campbell River||BC|
|CCR7||Castor (Our Lady of the Rosary Hospital) Heliport||Castor||AB|
|CCR8||Conne River Water Aerodrome||Conne River||NL|
|CCS2||Consort (Health Centre) Heliport||Consort||AB|
|CCS3||St. Stephen Airport||St. Stephen||NB|
|CCS6||Courtenay (Smit Field) Airport||Courtenay||BC|
|CCS7||Chicoutimi (C. H. de Chicoutimi) Heliport||Chicoutimi||QC|
|CCT3||Castlegar (Tarrys Convention Centre) Heliport||Castlegar||BC|
|CCT5||South Brook Water Aerodrome||South Brook||NL|
|CCU2||Saint-Cuthbert (Ulm Québec) Aerodrome||Saint-Cuthbert||QC|
|CCV4||Bell Island Airport||Bell Island||NL|
|CCW2||Collingwood (Wilsons) Heliport||Collingwood||ON|
|CCW5||Thorburn Lake Water Aerodrome||Thorburn Lake||NL|
|CCX2||Long Pond Heliport||Foxtrap||NL|
|CCX5||Wabush Water Aerodrome||Wabush||NL|
|CCX6||Comox Water Aerodrome||Comox||BC|
|CCY4||East Gore Eco Airpark||East Gore||NS|
|CCZ9||Shelburne (Roseway Hospital) Heliport||Shelburne||NS|
Amherst is a town in northwestern Nova Scotia, Canada. Amherst is located at the northeast end of the Cumberland Basin, an arm of the Bay of Fundy, at 22 km south of the Northumberland Strait. Amherst is situated on the eastern boundary of the Tantramar Marshes 3 kilometres east of the interprovincial border with New Brunswick and 65 kilometres southeast of the city of Moncton, it is 60 kilometres southwest of the New Brunswick abutment of the Confederation Bridge to Prince Edward Island at Cape Jourimain. Amherst is largest population centre in the Cumberland region. According to Dr. Graham P. Hennessey, "The Micmac name was Nemcheboogwek meaning'going up rising ground', in reference to the higher land to the east of the Tantramar Marshes; the Acadians who settled here as early as 1672 called the village Les Planches. The village was renamed Amherst by Colonel Joseph Morse in honour of Lord Amherst, the commander-in-chief of the British Army in North America during the Seven Years' War." The town was first settled in 1764 by immigrants from Yorkshire following the expulsion of the Acadians, with the original settlement being located 3 kilometres southwest of the present town on the shore of the Bay of Fundy.
These settlers were joined by United Empire Loyalists. A mill was built on the current townsite, the residents moved there to be closer to work. During the 19th century, Amherst became an important regional centre for shipbuilding and other services to outlying communities. An indication of the town's importance in Canadian history is seen with its four Fathers of Confederation: Edward B. Chandler, Robert B. Dickey, Jonathan McCully, Sir Charles Tupper. During the late 19th century, local industrialists and entrepreneurs constructed many fine Victorian and Edwardian homes along Victoria Street East, leading toward the farming hamlet of East Amherst. Many notable residents have lived in this district, including Tupper, Senator Thomas R. Black, the Barker Family, the Lamy Family, the Pugsley Family and Mary Simmons Critchley. Amherst gained brief notoriety in the late 19th century as the location of alleged poltergeist phenomena afflicting Amherst resident Esther Cox in 1878 and 1879, which became known as the Great Amherst Mystery after the publication of a popular book on the affair.
Amherst experienced unprecedented industrialization in the late 1870s after the Intercolonial Railway of Canada constructed its main line from Halifax to Quebec through the town in 1872. The location of the railway line away from the Bay of Fundy coast further consolidated the town at its present location as industry and commercial activity centred around this important transportation link; the economic boom created by the arrival of the Intercolonial Railway lasted through World War I and numerous foundries and mills opened, giving rise to the nickname "Busy Amherst". In 1908, the manufacturing output of Amherst's industries was not exceeded by any centre in the Maritime Provinces. Many of the fine old buildings along Victoria Street are considered industrial artifacts because they were constructed during a period of tremendous industry growth. Local contractors employed local craftsmen. Notice the emphasis on sandstone and brick, both locally produced and delightful detail which reflects the skilled craftsmanship prevalent in the 19th century.
Amherst's prosperity would not last as the failed economic policies of the federal and provincial governments, coupled with World War I, saw the town's industrial economy begin a slow decline during the 1910s. A prisoner-of-war and enemy alien camp was set up at Malleable Iron Foundry in Amherst from April 1915 to September 1919, Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky was incarcerated there for one month after he was arrested in Halifax, Nova Scotia in April 1917. Trotsky was transferred to the isolated Kapuskasing Internment Camp in northern Ontario until his release and expulsion after Soviet Russia signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, ending their involvement in the war. During the Amherst general strike in 1919, worker unrest over social and economic conditions led to mass protests in sympathy with the Winnipeg general strike; the eventual closure of companies such as Robb Engineering & Manufacturing and Amherst Pianos, among others led to a resignation of lost dreams as the town was overtaken by other newer manufacturing centres in central Canada during the 20th century.
Amherst had a modest-sized industrial park constructed during the 1960s when the Trans-Canada Highway was being developed. Today the majority of the town's major employers are located there, including Emmerson Packaging and IMP Aerospace. During the Second World War, the Royal Canadian Navy named a Flower-class corvette HMCS Amherst; the town is served by Via Rail's Halifax-to-Montreal train Ocean. Amherst is the retail centre for the Cumberland region and the southeastern part of Westmorland County; the town has several national retailers including Walmart, Atlantic Superstore, Canadian Tire, Kent Building Supplies, Giant Tiger and Dollarama in addition to fast food restaurants and auto dealerships. The Amherst Centre Mall is home to retailers Coles, Northern Reflections, Marks Work Wearhouse, Eclipse and Charm Diamond Centres, as well as the Amherst Artisan Gallery; the heritage downtown draws visitors to specialty retailers Deanne Fitzpatrick Studio, Mrs. Pugsley's Emporium, Birkinshaw's Tea Room.
Dayle's Grand Market houses several businesses in a historic department store with a grand staircase and tin ceilings. Shops include an antique coin dealer, a vintage clothing shop, a ladies clothing
New Brunswick is one of four Atlantic provinces on the east coast of Canada. According to the Constitution of Canada, New Brunswick is the only bilingual province. About two thirds of the population declare themselves a third francophones. One third of the population describes themselves as bilingual. Atypically for Canada, only about half of the population lives in urban areas in Greater Moncton, Greater Saint John and the capital Fredericton. Unlike the other Maritime provinces, New Brunswick's terrain is forested uplands, with much of the land further from the coast, giving it a harsher climate. New Brunswick is 83% forested, less densely-populated than the rest of the Maritimes. Being close to Europe, New Brunswick was among the first places in North America to be explored and settled by Europeans, starting with the French in the early 1600s, who displaced the indigenous Mi'kmaq and the Passamaquoddy peoples; the French settlers were displaced when the area became part of the British Empire.
In 1784, after an influx of refugees from the American Revolutionary War, the province was partitioned from Nova Scotia. The province prospered in the early 1800s and the population grew reaching about a quarter of a million by mid-century. In 1867, New Brunswick was one of four founding provinces of the Canadian Confederation, along with Nova Scotia and the Province of Canada. After Confederation, wooden shipbuilding and lumbering declined, while protectionism disrupted trade ties with New England; the mid-1900s found New Brunswick to be one of the poorest regions of Canada, now mitigated by Canadian transfer payments and improved support for rural areas. As of 2002, provincial gross domestic product was derived as follows: services 43%. Tourism accounts for about 9 % of the labour force indirectly. Popular destinations include Fundy National Park and the Hopewell Rocks, Kouchibouguac National Park, Roosevelt Campobello International Park. In 2013, 64 cruise ships called at Port of Saint John carrying on average 2600 passengers each.
Indigenous peoples have been in the area since about 7000 BC. At the time of European contact, inhabitants were the Mi'kmaq, the Maliseet, the Passamaquoddy. Although these tribes did not leave a written record, their language is present in many placenames, such as Aroostook, Petitcodiac and Shediac. New Brunswick may have been part of Vinland during the Norse exploration of North America, Basque and Norman fishermen may have visited the Bay of Fundy in the early 1500s; the first documented European visits were by Jacques Cartier in 1534. In 1604, a party including Samuel de Champlain visited the mouth of the Saint John River on the eponymous Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day. Now Saint John, this was the site of the first permanent European settlement in New Brunswick. French settlement extended up the river to the site of present-day Fredericton. Other settlements in the southeast extended from Beaubassin, near the present-day border with Nova Scotia, to Baie Verte, up the Petitcodiac and Shepody Rivers.
By the early 1700s the area was part of the French colony of Acadia, in turn part of New France. Acadia covered what is now the Maritimes, as well as bits of Maine. In the early 1700s, rivalry between Britain and France for control of territory led to the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht, under which Acadia was reduced to Île Saint-Jean and Île-Royale; the ownership of New Brunswick being disputed, with an informal border on the Isthmus of Chignecto. The British prevailed, leading to the 1755 Expulsion of the Acadians. Present-day New Brunswick became part of the colony of Nova Scotia. Hostilities ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1763, Acadians returning from exile discovered several thousand immigrants from New England, on their former lands; some settled along the Saint John River. Settlement was slow. Pennsylvanian immigrants founded Moncton in 1766, English settlers from Yorkshire arrived in the Sackville area. After the American Revolution, about 10,000 loyalist refugees settled along the north shore of the Bay of Fundy, commemorated in the province's motto, Spem reduxit.
The number reached 14,000 by 1784, with about one in ten returning to America. The same year New Brunswick was partitioned from Nova Scotia and that year saw its first elected assembly; the colony was named New Brunswick in honour of George III, King of Great Britain, King of Ireland, Prince-elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg in what is now Germany. In 1785 Saint John became Canada's first incorporated city; the population of the colony reached 26,000 in 1806 and 35,000 in 1812. The 1800s saw an age of prosperity based on wood export and shipbuilding, bolstered by The Canadian–American Reciprocity Treaty of 1854 and demand from the American Civil War. St. Martins became the third most productive shipbuilding town in the Maritimes, producing over 500 vessels; the first half of the 1800s saw large-scale immigration from Ireland and Scotland, with the population reaching 252,047 by 1861. In 1848, responsible home government was granted and the 1850s saw the emergence of political parties organised along religious and ethnic lines.
The notion of unifying the separate colonies of British North America was discussed i
Fredericton is the capital of the Canadian province of New Brunswick. The city is situated in the west-central portion of the province along the Saint John River, which flows west to east as it bisects the city; the river is the dominant natural feature of the area. One of the main urban centres in New Brunswick, the city had a population of 56,224 in the 2011 census, it is the third-largest city in the province after Saint John. An important cultural and educational centre for the province, Fredericton is home to two universities, the New Brunswick College of Craft and Design, cultural institutions such as the Beaverbrook Art Gallery, the Fredericton Region Museum, The Playhouse, a performing arts venue; the city hosts the annual Harvest Jazz & Blues Festival, attracting regional and international jazz, blues and world artists. Fredericton is an important and vibrant centre point for the region's top visual artists. Fredericton has been home to some great historical Canadian painters as well, including Goodridge Roberts, Molly and Bruno Bobak.
As a provincial capital, its economy is tied to the public sector. The city has the highest percentage of residents with a post-secondary education in the province and the highest per capita income of any city in New Brunswick; the earliest known inhabitation of the area dates back 12,000 years, according to archaeologists, evidenced by recent finds. Excavations unearthed a campsite with firepit and more than 600 artifacts including stone tool fragments and arrowheads; the area of the present-day city of Fredericton was first used for seasonal farming by the Maliseet peoples. Maliseet cultivated food plants including: beans, Jerusalem artichokes, ground nuts, maize on the river banks and islands of the Saint John River. In the mid-18th century their principal village of Aucpaque was located several kilometres upriver from the site of present-day Fredericton; the first European contact was by the French in the late 17th century. Joseph Robineau de Villebon was appointed governor of Acadia. During King William's War, Villebon built Fort Nashwaak on the north side of the Saint John River, at the mouth of the Nashwaak River.
For most of the war, Fort Nashwaak served as the capital of the French colony of Acadia. French and English hostilities continued along the border. Within weeks of an attack of French and Indigenous forces launched from Fort Nashwaak on Pemaquid, the New Englanders struck back. In 1696, an expedition under command of Major Benjamin Church set out to destroy Fort Nashwaak. Commander Villebon had been prepared his defences. On 18 October, the British troops arrived near the fort, landed three cannons, assembled earthworks on the south bank of the Nashwaak River; the siege of Fort Nashwaak last for two days gunfire was fiercely exchanged, with the advantage going to the better-sited Acadian guns. The New Englanders were defeated, with 17 wounded; the Acadians sustained losses of two wounded. After Villebon's death in 1700 and a devastating flood that destroyed several French farms in the area, the fort was abandoned; the Fredericton area was first permanently settled and named Pointe-Sainte-Anne in 1732 by Acadians fleeing Nova Scotia after the British took over the territory.
Their townsite was on the south side of the river a mile upriver from Fort Nashwaak. The British captured Ste. Anne's Point during the expulsion of the Acadians, burning the settlement to the ground in the St. John River Campaign during the French and Indian War, the North American front of their Seven Years' War in Europe against France. A 1762 settlement attempt by the British was unsuccessful due to the hostility of local Acadian and Aboriginal populations; these settlers erected a community downriver at what is today the town of Maugerville. However, three fur traders settled permanently here in 1768. In 1783, United Empire Loyalists were settled in Ste. Anne's Point after the American Revolution, having left their properties in the United States, they were granted land in compensation in British North America by the Crown. Many died during the long first winter in Fredericton; the dead were buried in what became the Loyalist cemetery, still found on the south bank of the Saint John River. When spring came, more Loyalists left the new settlement to take up land grants in other areas.
When New Brunswick became a separate colony from Nova Scotia in 1784, Ste. Anne's Point became the provincial capital, winning out over Parrtown due to its central inland location; this made it less prone to American attack from the sea. A street plan was laid out to the west of the original townsite, King's College was founded, the locale was renamed "Frederick's Town", in honour of the second son of King George III of the United Kingdom, Prince Frederick Augustus, Duke of York; the name was shortened to Fredericton shortly after the city became the official provincial capital of New Brunswick on 25 April 1785. Thus, in a period of less than three years, the area of Fredericton went from being a sparsely populated region to being the capital of the new colony of New Brunswick; the same attributes that made Fredericton the capital city made it an ideal spot for a military installation. Many of th
Porters Lake is a rural community in the Eastern Shore region of the Halifax, Nova Scotia, between Trunk 7 and Route 207, 27.8 km from Halifax. The residents commute to jobs in Dartmouth, Burnside Industrial Park or in Downtown Halifax; the community is built around the lake. Porters Lake is in the shape of a crescent; the depth of Porters Lake varies from the north end to the south end. It is one of the most popular lakes for recreational boating in the region; the Lake is connected to the Atlantic Ocean near Lawrencetown Beach, because of this, the lake varies in salinity from completely fresh water at the north end to nearly that of ocean water at the south end. The communities which surround Porters Lake include, Porters Lake, Middle Porters Lake, West Porters Lake, East Lawrencetown, Three Fathom Harbour and Seaforth. Crowell Road and West Porters Lake Road, run along the west side of the lake. Porters Lake Provincial Park is located off West Porter's Lake Road along the west side of the Lake.
Hwy 107 crosses over the Hwy 7 runs north of the Lake. Hwy 207 runs south of the lake until just past Three Fathom Harbour, where there is limited access to the Lake by road on the east side as the highway and residential communities run along the Atlantic Ocean coast. Porters Lake Provincial Park On June 13, 2008, a forest fire broke out destroying two houses, damaging more than 20 others and burning 4,800 acres. More than 5,000 residents were evacuated from their homes and several major roads were closed for 3 days; the fire was believed to have been caused by a camp fire, though the Royal Canadian Mounted Police laid no charges. It was determined that residue from Hurricane Juan fueled the fire, the largest fire in an urban area of Nova Scotia, the largest fire overall, in 30 years. Total population: 3217 Total dwellings: 1286 Total land area: 91.573 km² Porters Lake Airport Porters Lake Water Aerodrome
Newfoundland and Labrador is the most easterly province of Canada. Situated in the country's Atlantic region, it comprises the island of Newfoundland and mainland Labrador to the northwest, with a combined area of 405,212 square kilometres. In 2018, the province's population was estimated at 525,073. About 92% of the province's population lives on the island of Newfoundland, of whom more than half live on the Avalon Peninsula; the province is Canada's most linguistically homogeneous, with 97.0% of residents reporting English as their mother tongue in the 2016 census. Newfoundland was home to unique varieties of French and Irish, as well as the extinct Beothuk language. In Labrador, the indigenous languages Innu-aimun and Inuktitut are spoken. Newfoundland and Labrador's capital and largest city, St. John's, is Canada's 20th-largest census metropolitan area and is home to 40 percent of the province's population. St. John's is the seat of government, home to the House of Assembly of Newfoundland and Labrador and to the highest court in the jurisdiction, the Newfoundland and Labrador Court of Appeal.
A former colony and dominion of the United Kingdom, Newfoundland gave up its independence in 1933, following significant economic distress caused by the Great Depression and the aftermath of Newfoundland's participation in World War I. It became the tenth province to enter the Canadian Confederation on March 31, 1949, as "Newfoundland". On December 6, 2001, an amendment was made to the Constitution of Canada to change the province's name to Newfoundland and Labrador; the name "New founde lande" was uttered by King Henry VII in reference to the land explored by the Cabots. In Portuguese it is Terra Nova, which means "new land", the French name for the Province's island region; the name "Terra Nova" is in wide use on the island. The influence of early Portuguese exploration is reflected in the name of Labrador, which derives from the surname of the Portuguese navigator João Fernandes Lavrador. Labrador's name in the Inuttitut language is Nunatsuak, meaning "the big land". Newfoundland's Inuttitut name is Ikkarumikluak meaning "place of many shoals".
Newfoundland and Labrador is the most easterly province in Canada, is at the north-eastern corner of North America. The Strait of Belle Isle separates the province into two geographical parts: Labrador, a large area of mainland Canada, Newfoundland, an island in the Atlantic Ocean; the province includes over 7,000 tiny islands. Newfoundland is triangular; each side is about 400 km long, its area is 108,860 km2. Newfoundland and its neighbouring small islands have an area of 111,390 km2. Newfoundland extends between latitudes 46°36′N and 51°38′N. Labrador is an irregular shape: the western part of its border with Quebec is the drainage divide of the Labrador Peninsula. Lands drained by rivers that flow into the Atlantic Ocean are part of Labrador, the rest belongs to Quebec. Most of Labrador's southern boundary with Quebec follows the 52nd parallel of latitude. Labrador's extreme northern tip, at 60°22′N, shares a short border with Nunavut. Labrador's area is 294,330 km2. Together and Labrador make up 4.06% of Canada's area, with a total area of 405,720 km2.
Labrador is the easternmost part of the Canadian Shield, a vast area of ancient metamorphic rock comprising much of northeastern North America. Colliding tectonic plates have shaped much of the geology of Newfoundland. Gros Morne National Park has a reputation as an outstanding example of tectonics at work, as such has been designated a World Heritage Site; the Long Range Mountains on Newfoundland's west coast are the northeasternmost extension of the Appalachian Mountains. The north-south extent of the province, prevalent westerly winds, cold ocean currents and local factors such as mountains and coastline combine to create the various climates of the province. Northern Labrador is classified as a polar tundra climate, southern Labrador has a subarctic climate, while most of Newfoundland has a humid continental climate: cool summer subtype. Newfoundland and Labrador has a wide range of climates and weather, due to its geography; the island of Newfoundland spans 5 degrees of latitude, comparable to the Great Lakes.
The province has been divided into six climate types, but broadly Newfoundland has a cool summer subtype of a humid continental climate, influenced by the sea since no part of the island is more than 100 km from the ocean. Northern Labrador is classified as a polar tundra climate, southern Labrador has a subarctic climate. Monthly average temperatures and snowfall for four places are shown in the attached graphs. St. John's represents the east coast, Gander the interior of the island, Corner Brook the west coast of the island and Wabush the interior of Labrador. Climate data for 56 places in the province is available from Environment Canada; the data for the graphs is the average over thirty years. Error bars on the temperature graph indicate the range of daytime highs and night time lows. Snowfall is the total amount that fell during the month, not the amount accumulated on the ground; this distinction is important for St. John's, where a heavy snowfall can be followed by rain, so no snow remains on the ground.
New Germany, Lunenburg County is a community in a central portion of southwestern Nova Scotia, Canada. It is located on the LaHave River, which splits the town into two halves which are connected by an early-20th century steel bridge and a new modern 2 lane bridge built in 2015. A main service centre on Trunk 10, New Germany is 25 kilometres north of Bridgewater on the south shore and 64 kilometres south of Middleton in the Annapolis Valley; the area was settled in the early 19th century by descendants of the Foreign Protestants who arrived in Lunenburg in the 18th century. The first settlement was close to the New Germany Lake. Through the years, New Germany has been the site of varied economic activity, it was the hub for numerous outlying communities. J. Zwicker and Son of New Germany sold electric power to the Barss Corner Electric Light Company for distribution. Not only was there a mill at Morgan Falls on the LaHave River, there was a factory on the LaHave River which produced wooden boxes for products such as fish.
During the mid-20th century, the town was vibrant and home to numerous grocery stores, clothing stores, a movie theatre. Until the 1980s, New Germany was accessible by the Halifax and Southwestern Railway though the now-abandoned railroad tracks are popular with all-terrain vehicle enthusiasts who sometimes gather at the Small Engine Repair Station yard, one of the few available spaces for young people to gather. Local employment hinges on natural resources such as farming, maple syrup and Christmas trees which are shipped over North America. Rosedale Home for Special Care employs people from the area. Many workers are employed in the nearby town of Bridgewater, with the Michelin tyre plant in the industrial park employing numerous people from the area. Current conditions in the forestry industry have led to many small operators leaving the business and journeying to Alberta; as well, the Christmas tree industry has been hit by the rising value of the Canadian dollar, which impacts revenues from the United States market.
Though a combination of factors including outmigration and the expansion of Bridgewater as a shopping destination have led to New Germany becoming predominantly a retirement community, there are plans to make the community vibrant once again for people of all ages. Due to lack of environmental development little has been done to progress the state of this fair village. Citizens have united to bring changes to the community; the group began holding farmer's markets at the small Lions Club Park in the fall of 2007. New Germany is home to a community-built medical centre, liquor store, New Germany Elementary School, New Germany Rural High School, convenience store, Post Office, several churches,aerodrome on New Germany Lake, Shoppers Drug Mart, Village Glassworks, Irving Oil gas station, New Germany Small Engine Repair, restaurants such as The Riverside Eatery, Charlie's Pizza and Burger, 2 Papa's Pizza & Donairs, it has a large fire department, which covers an extensive district, as well as an RCMP outpost, housed in the same building as the fire department.
New Germany Rural High School serves students in grades seven to twelve. New Germany is home to New Germany Elementary School, right down the street from NGRHS, for students from grades P to six. New Germany Elementary School New Germany Rural High School New Germany Fire Department New Germany Medical Centre New Germany Irving New Germany Building Supplies/Rona New Germany Small Engine Repair Royal Bank of Canada Canada Post Office New Germany Freshmart Shoppers Drug Mart Riverside Eatery Mamma's Stink Pot 2 Papa's Pizza & Donair Charlie's Pizza And Burger NSLC Lakeview Auto Sales Village Glass Works New Germany Plumbing & Heating United Church Anglican Church Royal Canadian Legion Xpress Automotive New Germany and Area
Edmonton is the capital city of the Canadian province of Alberta. Edmonton is on the North Saskatchewan River and is the centre of the Edmonton Metropolitan Region, surrounded by Alberta's central region; the city anchors the north end of what Statistics Canada defines as the "Calgary–Edmonton Corridor". The city had a population of 932,546 in 2016, making it Alberta's second-largest city and Canada's fifth-largest municipality. In 2016, Edmonton had a metropolitan population of 1,321,426, making it the sixth-largest census metropolitan area in Canada. Edmonton is North America's northernmost metropolitan area with a population over one million. A resident of Edmonton is known as an Edmontonian. Edmonton's historic growth has been facilitated through the absorption of five adjacent urban municipalities in addition to a series of annexations through 1982, the annexation of 8,260 ha of land from Leduc County and the city of Beaumont on January 1, 2019. Known as the "Gateway to the North", the city is a staging point for large-scale oil sands projects occurring in northern Alberta and large-scale diamond mining operations in the Northwest Territories.
Edmonton is a cultural and educational centre. It hosts a year-round slate of festivals, reflected in the nickname "Canada's Festival City", it is home to North America's largest mall, West Edmonton Mall, Fort Edmonton Park, Canada's largest living history museum. The earliest known inhabitants arrived in the area, now Edmonton around 3,000 BC and as early as 12,000 BC when an ice-free corridor opened as the last glacial period ended and timber and wildlife became available in the region. In 1754, Anthony Henday, an explorer for the Hudson's Bay Company, may have been the first European to enter the Edmonton area, his expeditions across the Canadian Prairies were to seek contact with the aboriginal population for establishing the fur trade, as the competition was fierce between the Hudson's Bay Company and the North West Company. By 1795, Fort Edmonton was established on the river's north bank as a major trading post for the Hudson's Bay Company; the new fort's name was suggested by John Peter Pruden after Edmonton, the hometown of both the HBC deputy governor Sir James Winter Lake, Pruden.
In 1876, Treaty 6, which includes what is now Edmonton, was signed between the Aboriginal peoples in Canada and Queen Victoria as Queen of Canada, as part of the Numbered Treaties of Canada. The agreement includes the Plains and Woods Cree and other band governments of First Nations at Fort Carlton, Fort Pitt, Battle River; the area covered by the treaty represents most of the central area of the current provinces of Saskatchewan and Alberta. The coming of the Canadian Pacific Railway to southern Alberta in 1885 helped the Edmonton economy, the 1891 building of the Calgary and Edmonton Railway resulted in the emergence of a railway townsite on the river's south side, across from Edmonton; the arrival of the CPR and the C&E Railway helped bring settlers and entrepreneurs from eastern Canada, Europe, U. S. and other parts of the world. The Edmonton area's fertile soil and cheap land attracted settlers, further establishing Edmonton as a major regional commercial and agricultural centre; some people participating in the Klondike Gold Rush passed through South Edmonton/Strathcona in 1897.
Strathcona was North America's northernmost railway point, but travel to the Klondike was still difficult for the "Klondikers," and a majority of them took a steamship north to the Yukon from Vancouver, British Columbia. Incorporated as a town in 1892 with a population of 700 and as a city in 1904 with a population of 8,350, Edmonton became the capital of Alberta when the province was formed a year on September 1, 1905. In November 1905, the Canadian Northern Railway arrived in Edmonton. During the early 1900s, Edmonton's rapid growth led to speculation in real estate. In 1912, Edmonton amalgamated with the City of Strathcona, south of the North Saskatchewan River. Just before World War I, the boom ended, the city's population declined from more than 72,000 in 1914 to less than 54,000 only two years later. Many impoverished families moved to subsistence farms outside the city, while others fled to greener pastures in other provinces. Recruitment to the army during the war contributed to the drop in population.
Afterwards, the city recovered in population and economy during the 1920s and 1930s and took off again during and after World War II. The Edmonton City Centre Airport opened in 1929. Named Blatchford Field in honour of former mayor Kenny Blatchford, pioneering aviators such as Wilfrid R. "Wop" May and Max Ward used Blatchford Field as a major base for distributing mail and medicine to Northern Canada. World War II saw Edmonton become a major base for the construction of the Alaska Highway and the Northwest Staging Route; the airport was closed in November 2013. In 1892 Edmonton was incorporated as a town; the first mayor was Matthew McCauley, who established the first school board in Edmonton and Board of Trade and a municipal police service. Due to mayor McCauley's good relationship with the federal Liberals this helped Edmonton to maintain political prominence over Strathcona, a rival settlement on the south bank of the North Saskatche