List of Canadian airports by location indicator: CE
Format of entries is:
- Location indicator – IATA – Airport Name (alternate name) – Airport Location
Airports that are part of the National Airports System are emphasised.
Format of entries is:
Airports that are part of the National Airports System are emphasised.
|TC LID||IATA||Airport name||Community||Province/|
|CEB4||Rockyford/Early Bird Air Aerodrome||Rockyford||AB|
|CEB7||Carcross Water Aerodrome||Carcross||YT|
|CEB9||Lutselk'e Water Aerodrome||Lutselk'e||NT|
|CEC3||Fox Lake Airport||Fox Creek||AB|
|CEC5||Fort Smith (District) Heliport||Fort Smith||NT|
|CED3||Oyen Municipal Airport||Oyen||AB|
|CED4||Fox Creek Airport||Fox Creek||AB|
|CED6||De Winton (Highwood) Heliport||De Winton||AB|
|CED7||Colville Lake Water Aerodrome||Colville Lake||NT|
|CED8||Thunder Bay/Eldorado Aerodrome||Thunder Bay||ON|
|CED9||Taltheilei Narrows Water Aerodrome||Great Slave Lake||NT|
|CEE2||Calgary/Elephant Enterprises Inc. Heliport||Calgary||AB|
|CEE3||Inuvik/Shell Lake Water Aerodrome||Inuvik||NT|
|CEE6||Edmonton/Twin Island Airpark||Half Moon Lake||AB|
|CEE7||Edmonton/Cooking Lake Water Aerodrome||South Cooking Lake||AB|
|CEF2||Belwood (Ellen Field) Aerodrome||Belwood||ON|
|CEF3||Bow Island Airport||Bow Island||AB|
|CEF8||Hay River Water Aerodrome||Hay River||NT|
|CEF9||Tincup Lake Water Aerodrome||Tincup Wilderness Lodge||YT|
|CEG3||Lacombe Regional Airport||Lacombe||AB|
|CEG4||Drumheller Municipal Airport||Drumheller||AB|
|CEG5||Chipewyan Lake Airport||Chipewyan Lake||AB|
|CEG8||North Seal River Airport||North Seal River||MB|
|CEG9||Trout Lake Water Aerodrome||Sambaa K'e||NT|
|CEH2||Black Diamond/Cu Nim Airport||Black Diamond||AB|
|CEH3||Ponoka Industrial (Labrie Field) Airport||Ponoka||AB|
|CEH4||De Winton/South Calgary Airport||De Winton||AB|
|CEH5||Red Earth Creek Airport||Red Earth Creek||AB|
|CEH9||Truro (Colchester Health Centre) Heliport||Truro||NS|
|CEJ4||Claresholm Industrial Airport||Claresholm||AB|
|CEJ6||Elk Point Airport||Elk Point||AB|
|CEJ9||Watson Lake Water Aerodrome||Watson Lake||YT|
|CEK2||Braeburn Airport (Cinnamon Bun Airstrip)||Braeburn Lodge||YT|
|CEK4||Blairmore (Forestry) Heliport||Blairmore||AB|
|CEK6||Killam-Sedgewick/Flagstaff Regional Airport||Killam||AB|
|CEL2||Calgary (City/Bow River) Heliport||Calgary||AB|
|CEL3||East Linton (Kerr Field) Aerodrome||East Linton||ON|
|CEL6||Two Hills Airport||Two Hills||AB|
|CEL7||Ford Bay Water Aerodrome||Ford Bay, Great Bear Lake||NT|
|CEL8||Éléonore Aerodrome||Opinaca Reservoir||QC|
|CEM2||Calgary (Rockyview Hospital) Heliport||Calgary||AB|
|CEM4||Innisfail Aerodrome (Big Bend Airport)||Innisfail||AB|
|CEM5||Swan Hills Airport||Swan Hills||AB|
|CEN3||Three Hills Airport||Three Hills||AB|
|CEN4||High River Airport||High River||AB|
|CEN5||Cold Lake Regional Airport||Cold Lake||AB|
|CEN7||Déline Water Aerodrome||Deline||NT|
|CEN9||Yellowknife Water Aerodrome||Yellowknife||NT|
|CEP2||Calgary (Bow Crow) Heliport||Calgary||AB|
|CEP4||Coutts/Ross International Airport||Coutts||AB|
|CEP7||Elk Point (Healthcare Centre) Heliport||Elk Point||AB|
|CEP8||Edmonton/Eastport Heliport||Sherwood Park||AB|
|CEP9||Namushka Lodge Water Aerodrome||Namushka Lodge||NT|
|CEQ4||Del Bonita/Whetstone International Airport||Del Bonita||AB|
|CEQ8||Whatì Water Aerodrome||Whatì||NT|
|CER3||Drayton Valley Industrial Airport||Drayton Valley||AB|
|CER4||Fort McMurray/Mildred Lake Airport||Fort McMurray||AB|
|CER6||Aklavik Water Aerodrome||Aklavik||NT|
|CER9||Fort Nelson (Parker Lake) Water Aerodrome||Fort Nelson||BC|
|CES3||Edmonton/St. Albert Heliport||St. Albert||AB|
|CES5||Centralia (Essery Field) Aerodrome||Centralia||ON|
|CES7||Fort McMurray Water Aerodrome||Fort McMurray||AB|
|CES8||Edmonton/Grey Nuns Community Hospital Heliport||Edmonton||AB|
|CES9||Great Bear Lake Water Aerodrome||Great Bear Lake||NT|
|CET2||Conklin (Leismer) Airport||Conklin||AB|
|CET4||Fort Simpson Island Airport||Fort Simpson||NT|
|CET5||Hay River (District) Heliport||Hay River||NT|
|CET9||Jean Marie River Airport||Jean Marie River||NT|
|CEU4||Rocky Mountain House (General Hospital) Heliport||Rocky Mountain House||AB|
|CEU8||Norman Wells Water Aerodrome||Norman Wells||NT|
|CEU9||Sambaa K'e Aerodrome||Sambaa K'e||NT|
|CEV9||Snare River Airport||Snare River||NT|
|CEW3||St. Paul Aerodrome||St. Paul||AB|
|CEW5||Milk River Airport||Milk River||AB|
|CEW7||Edmonton/University of Alberta (Stollery Children's Hospital) Heliport||Edmonton||AB|
|CEW8||Paulatuk Water Aerodrome||Paulatuk||NT|
|CEW9||Canmore Municipal Heliport||Canmore||AB|
|CEX3||Wetaskiwin Regional Airport||Wetaskiwin||AB|
|CEX9||Brant (Dixon Farm) Airport||Brant||AB|
|CEY3||Fort Macleod Airport||Fort Macleod||AB|
|CEY7||Fort St. John (Charlie Lake) Water Aerodrome||Fort St. John||BC|
|CEZ2||Chapman Aerodrome||Chapman Lake||YT|
|CEZ3||Edmonton/Cooking Lake Airport||South Cooking Lake||AB|
|CEZ4||Fort Vermilion (Wop May Memorial) Aerodrome||Fort Vermilion||AB|
|CEZ5||Whitehorse Water Aerodrome||Whitehorse||YT|
|CEZ7||Fort Simpson Island Water Aerodrome||Fort Simpson||NT|
|CEZ9||Grande Prairie (Forestry) Heliport||Grande Prairie||AB|
Fairview is a town in northern Alberta within the heart of the Peace Country. It is located 82 km southwest of the Town of Peace River and 115 km north of Grande Prairie at the intersection of Highway 2 and Highway 64A; the Town of Fairview is one of two different communities in Alberta. The Hamlet of Fairview in southern Alberta is the lesser known of the two. Fairview experiences a humid continental climate. In 1928, the railroad extended west from Whitelaw through the Beaver Indian Reserve across a stubble field where the Hamlet of Fairview was established; the community of Waterhole, five miles to the south, was packed onto skids and wagons and relocated to the railroad site. The first train rolled into Fairview on November 2, 1928; the hamlet was incorporated as a village on April 22, 1929. In 1949, the village was incorporated into the Town of Fairview. In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Town of Fairview recorded a population of 2,998 living in 1,251 of its 1,363 total private dwellings, a −5.2% change from its 2011 population of 3,162.
With a land area of 11.36 km2, it had a population density of 263.9/km2 in 2016. In the 2011 Census, the Town of Fairview had a population of 3,162 living in 1,266 of its 1,322 total dwellings, a -4.1% change from its 2006 population of 3,297. With a land area of 11.3 km2, it had a population density of 279.8/km2 in 2011. The median household income in 2005 for Fairview was $56,954, below the Alberta provincial average of $63,988; the Town of Fairview is governed by six councillors. Fairview is part of the federal electoral district of Peace River—Westlock, is represented in the House of Commons by Arnold Viersen of the Conservative Party of Canada. Provincially, Fairview is part of the electoral district of Dunvegan-Central Peace-Notley and is represented in the Legislative Assembly by Margaret McCuaig-Boyd of the Alberta New Democratic Party. Fairview hosts the following events: Agriculture Society Fair Fairview & District Lions Club Annual Old Time Country Music Festival The Annual Waterhole Pro Rodeo and Parade Malanka Ukrainian New Year The Peace Classic Wheels Car Show Annual Summers End Festival Emergency Services Regimental Ball In terms of recreation, Fairview offers indoor swimming at the Fairview Aquatic Centre, golfing at the Fairview Golf Course, skating at the Fairplex, skiing at the Fairview Ski Hill and bowling.
In 2010, the Fairplex Arena underwent a major upgrade which included the addition of 5 more dressing rooms, roof repairs and extra storage space. The Fairview Regional Aquatic Centre was a $3.4M collaborative project taken on by the Town of Fairview and the M. D. of Fairview No. 136. The facility has a waterslide, a zero depth wading pool, a 25m lap pool, a tarzan swing, monkey bars, a whirlpool, a climbing wall; the facility offers various programming. Cummings Lake is located 2 kilometres north of the Town of Fairview; the Cummings Lake Recreation Area has six baseball diamonds, a day-use camping area, an overnight-use camping area, a playground and a boat launch. Cummings Lake has a 28-stall campground that offers coin-operated showers and toilets, free firewood, electrical hookups and non-potable water from a cistern via hand pump. 1000 Rainbow trout were stocked in Cummings Lake in both 2012 and 2013. Costing an estimated $3200. Surrounding the lake and campground area is a large portion of the 10.5 km trail system that stretches from 108 Avenue to the northern tip of Cummings Lake.
The trail system loops around the lake, the golf course, the town's reservoirs. The majority of the trail is paved. A 10.5 km of educational signed nature trail is connected to the main trail. Dunvegan Provincial Park is nearby in the Peace River valley; the Dunvegan Fish and Game Association operate a 535-yard gun range near Fairview. Rachel Notley - Premier of Alberta Jordan B. Peterson - Cultural critic, clinical psychologist, University of Toronto psychology professor. Fairview has several schools, including: St. Thomas More Catholic School EE Oliver School Fairview High School Grande Prairie Regional College - GPRC known as Northern Alberta Institute of Technology, which existed as Fairview College; the Fairview Post is local newspaper that covers surrounding area. It was founded by Hec MacLean, a renowned sportswriter that worked for the Calgary Herald, it is now owned under Quebecor. Fairview is served bi-weekly by an alternative newspaper, The Vault Magazine. List of communities in Alberta List of towns in Alberta Official website
The Great Slave Lake is the second-largest lake in the Northwest Territories of Canada, the deepest lake in North America at 614 metres, the tenth-largest lake in the world. It is 20 to 203 km wide, it covers an area of 27,200 km2 in the southern part of the territory. Its given volume ranges from 1,070 km3 to 1,580 km3 and up to 2,088 km3 making it the 10th or 12th largest; the lake shares its name with the First Nations peoples called Slavey of the Dene family by their enemies the Cree. Towns situated on the lake include Yellowknife, Hay River, Behchokǫ̀, Fort Resolution, Łutselk'e, Hay River Reserve and Ndilǫ; the only community in the East Arm is Łutselk'e, a hamlet of about 350 people Chipewyan Indigenous peoples of the Dene Nation and the now abandoned winter camp/Hudson's Bay Company post, Fort Reliance. Along the south shore, east of Hay River is the abandoned Pine Point Mine and the company town of Pine Point. Indigenous peoples were the first settlers around the lake after the retreat of glacial ice.
Archaeological evidence has revealed several different periods of cultural history, including: Northern Plano Paleoindian tradition, Shield Archaic, Arctic small tool tradition, the Taltheilei Shale Tradition. Each culture has left a distinct mark in the archaeological record based on type or size of lithic tools. Great Slave Lake was put on European maps during the emergence of the fur trade towards the northwest from Hudson Bay in the mid 18th century; the name'Great Slave' came from the Slavey Indians, one of the Athapaskan tribes living on its southern shores at that time. The name was influenced by Cree disdain for this rival tribe, with whom they shared a sordid history; as the French explorers dealt directly with the Cree traders, the large lake was referred to as "Grand lac des Esclaves", translated into English as "Great Slave Lake". British fur trader Samuel Hearne explored Great Slave Lake in 1771 and crossed the frozen lake, which he named Lake Athapuscow. In 1897-1898, the American frontiersman Charles "Buffalo" Jones traveled to the Arctic Circle, where his party wintered in a cabin that they had constructed near the Great Slave Lake.
Jones's exploits of how he and his party shot and fended off a hungry wolf pack near Great Slave Lake was verified in 1907 by Ernest Thompson Seton and Edward Alexander Preble when they discovered the remains of the animals near the long abandoned cabin. In the 1930s, gold was discovered on the North Arm of Great Slave Lake, leading to the establishment of Yellowknife which would become the capital of the NWT. In 1960, an all-season highway was built around the west side of the lake an extension of the Mackenzie Highway but now known as Yellowknife Highway or Highway 3. On January 24, 1978, a Soviet Radar Ocean Reconnaissance Satellite, named Kosmos 954, built with an onboard nuclear reactor fell from orbit and disintegrated. Pieces of the nuclear core fell in the vicinity of Great Slave Lake. 90% of the nuclear debris was recovered by a joint Canadian Armed Forces and United States Armed Forces military operation called Operation Morning Light. The Hay, Slave and Taltson Rivers are its chief tributaries.
It is drained by the Mackenzie River. Though the western shore is forested, the east shore and northern arm are tundra-like; the southern and eastern shores reach the edge of the Canadian Shield. Along with other lakes such as the Great Bear and Athabasca, it is a remnant of the vast glacial Lake McConnell; the lake has a irregular shoreline. The East Arm of Great Slave Lake is filled with islands, the area is within the proposed Thaydene Nene National Park Reserve; the Pethei Peninsula separates the East Arm into McLeod Bay in the north and Christie Bay in the south. The lake is at least frozen during an average of eight months of the year; the main western portion of the lake forms a moderately deep bowl with a surface area of 18,500 km2 and a volume of 596 km3. This main portion has a maximum depth of 187.7 m and a mean depth of 32.2 m. To the east, McLeod Bay and Christie Bay are much deeper, with a maximum recorded depth in Christie Bay of 614 m On some of the plains surrounding Great Slave Lake, climax polygonal bogs have formed, the early successional stage to which consists of pioneer black spruce.
South of Great Slave Lake, in a remote corner of Wood Buffalo National Park, is the Whooping Crane Summer Range, a nesting site of a remnant flock of whooping cranes, discovered in 1954. Rivers that flow into Great Slave Lake include, it is a 6.5 km road that connects the Northwest Territories capital of Yellowknife to Dettah, a small First Nations fishing community in the Northwest Territories. To reach the community in summer the drive is 27 km via the Ingraham Trail. From 2014 to 2016, Animal Planet aired, it takes place on Great Slave Lake, details the lives of houseboaters on the lake. List of lakes of Canada Mackenzie Northern Railway Canada.. Sailing directions, Great Slave Lake and Mackenzie River. Ottawa: Dept. of Fisheries and Oceans. ISBN 0-660-11022-9 Gibson, J. J. Prowse, T. D. & Peters, D. L.. "Partitioning impacts of climate and regulation on water level variability in Great Slave Lake." Journal of Hydrology. 329, 196. Hicks, F. Chen, X. & Andres, D.. "Effects of ice on the hydr
Didsbury is a town in central Alberta, Canada, at the foothills of the Rocky Mountains. It is located next near the Queen Elizabeth II Highway. Didsbury is within the Calgary-Edmonton corridor. Didsbury is the half-way point between the cities of Calgary and Red Deer. Didsbury is surrounded by Mountain View County, which has its municipal office located to the north of the town; the nearest neighbouring communities are the towns of Olds to Carstairs to the south. The town is named after the township of Didsbury, now a suburban area of England; the first settlers were Dutch Mennonites who left their homes in Pennsylvania and emigrated as United Empire Loyalists to Waterloo County, Ontario. They were granted the area around Didsbury in 1894 by the government of Sir John A. Macdonald. Original settlement in the area was sparse, this in part explains the initial slow development of the town-site as a service centre; the first concern of the Mennonite settlers was to build a church. Settlement prior to the post-1900 land rush was limited to the small group who came west in 1894.
1897 saw the arrival of the Canadian Pacific Railway. The CPR constructed a station in the town in 1904. Didsbury was incorporated as a village in 1905 and as a town on September 6, 1906. Fires in 1914 and 1924 destroyed the early "boomtown" commercial streetscape and led to the passing by Town Council of a bylaw which required masonry construction for all new downtown commercial buildings. Many of these brick buildings stand today. In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Town of Didsbury recorded a population of 5,268 living in 2,031 of its 2,119 total private dwellings, a 6.3% change from its 2011 population of 4,957. With a land area of 16.37 km2, it had a population density of 321.8/km2 in 2016. In the 2011 Census, the Town of Didsbury had a population of 4,957 living in 1,923 of its 1,987 total dwellings, a 15.1% change from its 2006 adjusted population of 4,305. With a land area of 16.08 km2, it had a population density of 308.3/km2 in 2011. The population of the Town of Didsbury according to its 2008 municipal census is 4,599.
The town's recreational facilities include six parks, a golf course, aquatic centre, a hockey rink. There is a hospital and a Royal Canadian Mounted Police detachment serving the town and the surrounding area. Didsbury has three schools; the Olds-Didsbury Airport, used for small aircraft and general aviation, is located north of Didsbury along Highway 2A. The town is served by the Didsbury Review, part of the Great West Newspapers chain. Didsbury is home to the Mountainview Colts of the Heritage Junior B Hockey League. Organizations present in Didsbury include the Royal Canadian Army Cadets and the 1st Didsbury Scouts, Didsbury Jazzercise, as well as the Elks and Lions clubs. List of communities in Alberta List of towns in Alberta Official website
Łutselkʼe spelt Łutsel Kʼe, is a "designated authority" in the North Slave Region of the Northwest Territories, Canada. The community is located on the south shore near the eastern end of Great Slave Lake and until 1 July 1992, it was known as Snowdrift, as the community lies near the mouth of the Snowdrift River. Łutselkʼe is a First Nations community and the area was traditionally occupied by the Chipewyan Dene In 1925 the Hudson's Bay Company opened a post followed by the Roman Catholic Church. A school opened in 1960. There is a proposal ongoing for Thaidene Nene National Park Reserve, with an area of 14,000 km2, which has the support of the community. Population is 303 according to the 2016 Census a decrease of 2.7% over the 2011 Census. In the 2016 Census the majority of the population, 270 people, were First Nations, 10 people were Métis and 10 were Inuit; the main languages in the community are English. In 2017 the Government of the Northwest Territories reported that the population was 330 with an average yearly growth rate of 0.0% from 2007.
In 2016, 115 people said. Of these 105 spoke Dene, 5 spoke 5 spoke North Slavey or Hare. Another 5 people gave a Chinese language as their mother tongue. A total of 295 knew another 5 knew both English and French. There is a two-person Royal Canadian Mounted Police detachment and health centre with two nurses in the community. There is a single grocery store, the Lutselk'e Co-op, a post office and nine lodges or outfitters in the area. Education in the community is provided by the Lutsel K'e Dene School, which offers a comprehensive K-12 program. Additionally, there is a community learning centre run by Aurora College. Although not accessible by road there is an airport, Lutselk'e Airport, with scheduled services from Yellowknife and an annual sealift is provided by Northern Transportation Company Limited from Hay River in the summer. Lutselk' e Water Aerodrome is available in the summer months. Łutsel Kʼe is represented by the Lutsel K'e Dene First Nation and are part of the Akaitcho Territory Government
Colville Lake is a settlement corporation located in the Sahtu Region of the Northwest Territories, Canada. The community is located 50 km north of the Arctic Circle, on a lake of the same name, is northeast of Norman Wells; this settlement is the administrative office of the Behdzi Ahda band government. The settlement's population as of 2016 is a 13.4 % decrease from the last national census. In 2017 the Government of the Northwest Territories reported that the population was 157 with an average yearly growth rate of 1.2% from 2006. The GNWT reported that the majority, 148 people, were Indigenous, Sahtu Dene, they are represented by the Behdzi Ahda First Nation and belong to the Sahtu Dene Council Colville Lake is located 745 km by air, northwest of Yellowknife. The terrain tends to be small and sparse. Other vegetation includes mosses, lichens and alders; the winter months begin in last until April. The month of May is considered the breakup period. By the end of May or Early June the lakes and rivers are free of ice, although this varies.
June and August are considered the summer months and temperatures range in the mid twenties. At times the temperature has climbed into the low thirties. By late September, freeze up is well underway again; the community of Colville Lake is the ancestral homeland of the Hareskin Dene who still inhabit the area. The Hareskin Dene were never numerous, with a population of less than one thousand people, living in six or seven bands, at the time of European contact; the Hareskins were a peaceful group, known for their use of small animals such as the Arctic hare. Located within the traditional homeland of the North Slave Dene tribe, Colville Lake is a traditional community in every sense. Although Father Émile Petitot brought Christianity to the area in 1864, organization of the community did not occur until 1962 when a Roman Catholic mission was established. Today you can visit the site of the mission Our Lady of the Snows. One main attraction is a fishing lodge. Colville Lake is home to grayling and pike fish.
There is a small art gallery and museum located next to the lodge. Rounding off the town, there is two stores. Colville Lake/Tommy Kochon Aerodrome Colville Lake Water Aerodrome NWT Tourism for Colville Lake
Thunder Bay is a city in, the seat of, Thunder Bay District, Canada. It is the most populous municipality in Northwestern Ontario with a population of 107,909 as of the Canada 2016 Census, the second most populous in Northern Ontario after Greater Sudbury. Located on Lake Superior, the census metropolitan area of Thunder Bay has a population of 121,621, consists of the city of Thunder Bay, the municipalities of Oliver Paipoonge and Neebing, the townships of Shuniah, Conmee, O'Connor, Gillies, the Fort William First Nation. European settlement in the region began in the late 17th century with a French fur trading outpost on the banks of the Kaministiquia River, it grew into an important transportation hub with its port forming an important link in the shipping of grain and other products from western Canada, through the Great Lakes and the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the east coast. Forestry and manufacturing played important roles in the city's economy, they have declined in recent years, but have been replaced by a "knowledge economy" based on medical research and education.
Thunder Bay is the site of the Thunder Bay Regional Health Research Institute. The city takes its name from the immense Thunder Bay at the head of Lake Superior, known on 18th-century French maps as Baie du Tonnerre; the city is referred to as the "Lakehead", or "Canadian Lakehead", because of its location at the end of Great Lakes navigation on the Canadian side of the border. European settlement at Thunder Bay began with two French fur trading posts which were subsequently abandoned. In 1803, the Montreal-based North West Company established Fort William as its mid-continent entrepôt; the fort thrived until 1821 when the North West Company merged with the Hudson's Bay Company, Fort William was no longer needed. By the 1850s, the Province of Canada began to take an interest in its western extremity. Discovery of copper in the Keweenaw Peninsula of Michigan had prompted a national demand for mining locations on the Canadian shores of Lake Superior. In 1849, French-speaking Jesuits established the Mission de l'Immaculée-Conception on the Kaministiquia to evangelize the Ojibwe.
The Province of Canada negotiated the Robinson Treaty in 1850 with the Ojibwa of Lake Superior. As a result, an Indian reserve was set aside for them south of the Kaministiquia River. In 1859–60, the Department of Crown Lands surveyed two townships and the Town Plot of Fort William for European-Canadian settlement. Another settlement developed a few miles to the north of Fort William after construction by the federal Department of Public Works of a road connecting Lake Superior with the Red River Colony; the work was directed by Simon James Dawson. This public works depot or construction headquarters acquired its first name in May 1870 when Colonel Garnet Wolseley named it Prince Arthur's Landing, it was renamed Port Arthur by the Canadian Pacific Railway in May 1883. The arrival of the CPR in 1875 sparked a long rivalry between the towns, which did not end until their amalgamation in 1970; until the 1880s, Port Arthur was a much larger and dynamic community. The CPR, in collaboration with the Hudson's Bay Company, preferred east Fort William, located on the lower Kaministiquia River where the fur trade posts were.
Provoked by a prolonged tax dispute with Port Arthur and its seizure of a locomotive in 1889, the CPR relocated all its employees and facilities to Fort William. The collapse of silver mining after 1890 undermined the economy of Port Arthur, it had an economic depression. In the era of Sir Wilfried Laurier, Thunder Bay began a period of extraordinary growth, based on improved access to markets via the transcontinental railway and development of the western wheat boom; the CPR double-tracked its Winnipeg–Thunder Bay line. The Canadian Northern Railway established facilities at Port Arthur; the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway began construction of its facilities at the Fort William Mission in 1905, the federal government began construction of the National Transcontinental Railway. Grain elevator construction boomed as the volume of grain shipped to Europe increased. Both cities incurred debt to grant bonuses to manufacturing industries. By 1914, the twin cities had modern infrastructures Both Fort William and Port Arthur were proponents of municipal ownership.
As early as 1892, Port Arthur built Canada's first municipally-owned electric street railway. Both cities spurned Bell Telephone Company of Canada to establish their own municipally-owned telephone systems in 1902; the boom came to an end in 1913–1914, aggravated by the outbreak of the First World War. A war-time economy emerged with the making of munitions and shipbuilding. Men from the cities joined the 52nd, 94th, 141st Battalions of the Canadian Expeditionary Force. Railway employment was hurt when the federal government took over the National Transcontinental Railway and Lake Superior Division from the Grand Trunk in 1915, the Canadian Northern Railway in 1918; these were amalgamated with other government-owned railways in 1923 to form the Canadian National Railways. The CNR closed many of the Canadian Northern Railway facilities in Port Arthur, it opened the Neebing yards in Neebing Township in 1922. By 1929, the population of the two cities had recovered to pre-war levels; the forest products industry has played an important role in the Thunder Bay economy from the 1870s.
Not to be confused with Canadian Transportation Agency. Transport Canada is the department within the Government of Canada responsible for developing regulations and services of transportation in Canada, it is part of the Transportation and Communities portfolio. The current Minister of Transport is Marc Garneau. Transport Canada is headquartered in Ontario; the Department of Transport was created in 1935 by the government of William Lyon Mackenzie King in recognition of the changing transportation environment in Canada at the time. It merged three departments: the former Department of Railways and Canals, the Department of Marine and Fisheries, the Civil Aviation Branch of the Department of National Defence under C. D. Howe, who would use the portfolio to rationalize the governance and provision of all forms of transportation, he created Trans-Canada Air Lines. The Department of Transport Act came into force November 2, 1936. Prior to a 1994 federal government reorganization, Transport Canada had a wide range of operational responsibilities including the Canadian Coast Guard, the Saint Lawrence Seaway and seaports, as well as Via Rail and CN Rail.
Significant cuts to Transport Canada at that time resulted in CN Rail being privatized, the coast guard being transferred to Fisheries and Oceans, the seaway and various ports and airports being transferred to local operating authorities. Transport Canada emerged from this process as a department focused on policy and regulation rather than transportation operations. In 2004, Transport Canada introduced non-passenger screening to enhance both airport and civil aviation security. Transport Canada's headquarters are located in Ottawa at Place de Ville, Tower C. Transport Canada has regional headquarters in: Vancouver – Government of Canada Building on Burrard Street and Robson Street Edmonton – Canada Place, 9700 Jasper Avenue NW Winnipeg – Macdonald Building, 344 Edmonton Street Toronto – Government of Canada Building, 4900 Yonge Street Dorval – Pierre Elliott Trudeau Airport, 700 Place Leigh-Capreol Moncton – Heritage Building, 95 Foundry Street Minister of Transport Marc GarneauDeputy Minister, Transport Canada Michael KeenanAssociate Deputy Minister, Thao Pham Assistant Deputy Minister and Security, Kevin Brousseau Associate Assistant Deputy Minister and Security, Aaron McCrombie Assistant Deputy Minister, Pierre-Marc Mongeau Associate Assistant Deputy Minister and Lead, Navigation Protection Act Review, Catherine Higgens Assistant Deputy Minister, Lawrence Hanson Assistant Deputy Minister, Corporate Services, André Lapointe Assistant Deputy Minister, Natasha Rascanin Director General, Corporate Secretariat, Tom Oommen Director General and Marketing, Dan Dugas Regional Director General, Atlantic Region, Ann Mowatt Regional Director General, Quebec Region, Albert Deschamps Regional Director General, Ontario Region, Tamara Rudge Regional Director General and Northern Region, Michele Taylor Regional Director General, Pacific Region, Robert Dick Departmental General Counsel, Henry K. Schultz Chief Audit and Evaluation Executive, Martin Rubenstein Transport Canada is responsible for enforcing several Canadian legislation, including the Aeronautics Act, Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act, Motor Vehicle Safety Act, Canada Transportation Act, Railway Safety Act, Canada Shipping Act, 2001, Marine Transportation Security Act amongst others.
Each inspector with delegated power from the Minister of Transport receives official credentials to exercise their power, as shown on the right. These inspectors are public officers identified within the Criminal Code of Canada; the Motor Vehicle Safety Act was established in 1971 in order to create safety standards for cars in Canada. The department acts as the federal government's funding partner with provincial transport ministries on jointly-funded provincial transportation infrastructure projects for new highways. TC manage a database of traffic collisions in Canada. Transport Canada's role in railways include: railway safety surface and intermodal security strategies for rail travel accessibility safety of federally regulated railway bridges safety and security of international bridges and tunnels Inspecting and testing traffic control signals, grade crossing warning systems rail operating rules regulations and services for safe transport of dangerous goods Canadian Transport Emergency Centre to assist emergency response and handling dangerous goods emergenciesFollowing allegations by shippers of service level deterioration, on April 7, 2008, the federal government of Canada launched a review of railway freight service within the country.
Transport Canada, managing the review, plans to investigate the relationships between Canadian shippers and the rail industry with regards to the two largest railroad companies in the country, Canadian Pacific Railway and Canadian National Railway. On June 26, 2013, the Fair Rail Freight Service Act became law, a response to the Rail Freight Service Review’s Final Report. Transport Canada is responsible for the waterways inside and surrounding Canada; these responsibilities include: responding and investigating marine accidents within Canadian waters enforcing marine acts and regulations establishing and enforcing marine personnel standards and pilotage Marine Safety Marine Security regulating the operation of marine vessels in Canadian watersAs of 2003 the Office of Boating Safety and the Navigable Waters Protection Program were transferred back to Transport Canada. As was certain regulatory aspects of Emergen