List of Canadian airports by location indicator: CF
Format of entries is:
- Location indicator – IATA – Airport Name (alternate name) – Airport Location
Airports that are part of the National Airports System are emphasised.
Format of entries is:
Airports that are part of the National Airports System are emphasised.
|TC LID||IATA||Airport name||Community||Province/|
|CFA2||Port Carling/Fig Air Heliport||Port Carling||ON|
|CFA7||Taltheilei Narrows Airport||Great Slave Lake||NT|
|CFA8||Three Hills (Hospital) Heliport||Three Hills||AB|
|CFB2||Frank Channel (Forestry) Heliport||Frank Channel||NT|
|CFB4||Trout Lake Aerodrome||Trout Lake||AB|
|CFB5||Namur Lake Airport||Namur Lake||AB|
|CFB7||Steen River Airport||Steen River||AB|
|CFB8||Foot's Bay Water Aerodrome||Foot's Bay||ON|
|CFC4||Macmillan Pass Airport||Macmillan Pass||YT|
|CFC8||Flamboro Centre Aerodrome||Flamborough||ON|
|CFD8||Fort Simpson (Great Slave No. 2) Heliport||Fort Simpson||NT|
|CFE7||Kananaskis Village Helistop Heliport||Kananaskis Village||AB|
|CFF2||Christina Basin Airport||Christina Basin||AB|
|CFF3||Jean Lake Airport||Jean Lake||AB|
|CFF4||DAS||Great Bear Lake Airport||Great Bear Lake||NT|
|CFF7||CFB Wainwright (Wainwright/Camp Wainwright Field Airport)||Wainwright||AB|
|CFF8||Flin Flon/Bakers Narrows Water Aerodrome||Bakers Narrows||MB|
|CFF9||Camrose/Marek Farms Aerodrome||Camrose||AB|
|CFG5||John D'Or Prairie Aerodrome||John D'Or Prairie||AB|
|CFG8||Fenelon Falls/Sturgeon Lake Water Aerodrome||Sturgeon Lake||ON|
|CFH2||Williams Lake (Frontline Helicopters) Heliport||Williams Lake||BC|
|CFH4||YFX||Fox Harbour Airport||Fox Harbour||NS|
|CFH7||Edmonton (Royal Alexandra Hospital) Heliport||Edmonton||AB|
|CFJ2||Fort St. James (Stuart Lake Hospital) Heliport||Fort St. James||BC|
|CFK4||Calling Lake Airport||Calling Lake||AB|
|CFK6||Olds (Netook) Airport||Olds||AB|
|CFK8||Cookstown/Kirby Field Aerodrome||Cookstown||ON|
|CFL2||Empress/McNeill Spectra Energy Aerodrome||Empress||AB|
|CFL3||Black Diamond (Oilfields General Hospital) Heliport||Black Diamond||AB|
|CFL4||Flesherton (Smithorrs Field) Aerodrome||Flesherton||ON|
|CFL9||Johnson Lake Airport||Johnson Lake||AB|
|CFM2||Birch Mountain Airport||Birch Mountain||AB|
|CFM8||Fort Macleod (Alcock Farm) Airport||Fort Macleod||AB|
|CFM9||Fort Macleod (Hospital) Heliport||Fort Macleod||AB|
|CFN5||La Crete Airport||La Crete||AB|
|CFP2||Dwight (Fox Point) Water Aerodrome||Dwight||ON|
|CFP6||La Biche River Airport||La Biche River||YT|
|CFQ5||Silver City Airport||Silver City||YT|
|CFQ6||Pelly Crossing Airport||Pelly Crossing||YT|
|CFQ7||Edmonton/Gartner Airport||Edmonton Capital Region||AB|
|CFR2||Bawlf (Blackwells) Airport||Bawlf||AB|
|CFR3||Fall River Water Aerodrome||Fall River||NS|
|CFR5||French River/Alban Aerodrome||Alban||ON|
|CFR6||Vancouver/Coquitlam Fire and Rescue Heliport||Vancouver||BC|
|CFR7||Red Deer Forestry Airport||Sundre||AB|
|CFS2||Fort Simpson/(Great Slave No. 1) Heliport||Fort Simpson||NT|
|CFS3||Fort Selkirk Aerodrome||Fort Selkirk||YT|
|CFS4||Ogilvie Aerodrome||Ogilvie River||YT|
|CFS5||Spirit River Airport||Spirit River||AB|
|CFS6||Loon River Airport||Loon River||AB|
|CFS7||Twin Creeks Airport||Twin Creeks||YT|
|CFS8||Clearwater River Airport||Clearwater River||AB|
|CFT2||Blackie/Wilderman Farm Airport||Blackie||AB|
|CFT3||Finlayson Lake Airport||Eagle Plains||YT|
|CFT8||Pelican Airport||Wabasca oil field||AB|
|CFT9||Zama Lake Airport||Zama Lake||AB|
|CFU4||Garden River Airport||Garden River||AB|
|CFU9||Olds (Hospital) Heliport||Olds||AB|
|CFV3||Mobil Bistcho Airport||Mobil Bistcho||AB|
|CFV5||Virginia Falls Water Aerodrome||Nahanni National Park Reserve||NT|
|CFV6||Margaret Lake Airport||Margaret Lake||AB|
|CFV7||Claresholm (General Hospital) Heliport||Claresholm||AB|
|CFV8||Brooks (Community Health Centre) Heliport||Brooks||AB|
|CFV9||Drayton Valley (Health Centre) Heliport||Drayton Valley||AB|
|CFW2||Gordon Lake Airport||Gordon Lake||AB|
|CFW4||Muskeg Tower Airport||Muskeg Tower||AB|
|CFW5||Taltson River Airport||Taltson River||NT|
|CFW8||Grand Falls-Windsor Heliport||Grand Falls-Windsor||NL|
|CFX2||Calgary/Okotoks Air Park||Okotoks||AB|
|CFX5||Renard Aerodrome||Renard diamond mine||QC|
|CFX8||Chestermere (Kirkby Field) Airport||Chestermere||AB|
|CFY4||Indus/Winters Aire Park Airport||Indus||AB|
|CFY5||Pine Lake Aerodrome||Pine Lake||YT|
|CFZ3||Medicine Hat/Schlenker Airport||Medicine Hat||AB|
|CFZ5||Sundre/Goodwins Farm Airport||Sundre||AB|
Flamborough is a district and former municipality in the city of Hamilton, Canada. For most of its existence before amalgamation with Hamilton in 2001, Flamborough comprised the former townships of East Flamborough, West Flamborough, Beverly, as well as the village of Waterdown; the largest suburban community is the former village of Waterdown containing one third of its thirty thousand or so inhabitants. Other Flamborough communities include Carlisle, Christie's Corners, Clappison's Corners, Freelton, Lynden, Millgrove, Orkney, Peter's Corners, Troy, Valens and Westover. Excavations have unearthed evidence of this area’s extensive use by Wendat, Chonnonton and Anishinaabe peoples throughout the centuries; the escarpment was covered with indigenous trails. The First Nations settlement of Tinawatawa is said to have been located near Westover, but some sources place it closer to Brantford. Lake Medad, located to the east of Waterdown, was a sacred meeting place for the area’s indigenous peoples—numerous accounts and stories attest to this.
The Chonnonton Nation lived in the area until they were displaced by the Haudenosaunee during the Beaver Wars of the 17th century The first recorded European to visit the area was when the French explorers La Salle and Joliet met near Tinawatawa, now Westover on September 24, 1669. When New France was conquered by in 1760, the territory fell under the protection of the British Crown. With the Treaty of Niagara establishing peace with France's Indigenous allies, English settlers began to appear in the area. After the American Revolution in 1783 and the creation of Upper Canada, Treaty No. 3 was established between the Crown and Mississauga Nation in 1792. Soon after, land at the western end of Lake Ontario was surveyed and organized into townships, which included East Flamborough, West Flamborough and Beverly. Governor's Road was built on the border with neighbouring Ancaster Township in 1794–95, linking York and London. East Flamborough had a much different identity. Following the bloody collapse of the Bourbon Monarchy during the 1789-99 French Revolution, several thousand members of the French nobility sought refuge in London, England.
The English were quick to move these refugees out of their capital, jumped at the suggestion to have them settled in Canada. The township of East Flamborough was set aside for L’Abbe Philippe Jean Louis des Jardins and Le Chevalier Lecorne. Before settlement could begin, France experienced a counter-revolution that allowed the nobility to return. Had East Flamborough become a haven for the members of France’s outcast upper class the story of this area would have been radically different; the most dramatic event in Flamborough’s modern history occurred during the War of 1812, when over 2,000 Indigenous refugees arrived in the fall of 1813. Following the British defeat in the Battle of Moraviantown, all of southwestern Ontario was exposed to the ravages of the American army, all the Indigenous People and settlers who could, fled to safety in the shadow of the British army at Burlington Heights; these refugees included the surviving warriors and families of Tecumseh’s Confederacy, Delawares who had escaped the destruction of their village on the Thames, many from the Six Nations of the Grand River who feared they might meet a similar fate.
The refugees filled the lower concessions of East and West Flamborough, stretching from Dundas to Burlington. Among the refugees were Tecumseh’s sister and successor and his brother Tenkswatawa known as the Prophet. Here they spent a dreadful winter, many suffering from malnutrition; the landscape was stripped bare to feed them, the Indian Department struggled to keep them supplied with the necessities of life. Many of the refugees stayed in Flamborough for nearly two years, huddled in their wigwams, struggling to survive; the last of the refugees only left when news of the peace arrived in the spring of 1815. Overall, the War of 1812 was a disaster for the Anishinaabe in this area. Despite their losses fighting for the British Crown, they gained nothing for their service. In 1816, among fears that the Burlington Heights community would not survive another winter, Kahkewaquonaby went to live on his father’s farm in Stoney Creek. Two years the Credit River Mississauga sold their 648,000 acre inland tract of land.
The tribe, described as "thin and miserable" had no choice: they needed the proceeds from the sale in order to survive. Another two years in 1820, they sold their reserves around the mouths of Bronte Creek, Oakville Creek, the Credit River, leaving the Credit River Mississauga nothing more than 200 acres of land on the east side of their namesake river; the entire Nation now had less land than many contemporary pioneering families. The three townships and Waterdown were founding constituents of Wentworth County in 1816. Waterdown was created in 1879 from that part of East Flamborough above the Niagara Escarpment and within a kilometre of King's Highway No. 5. The town of Dundas was created from parts of Ancaster Townships. In 1974, Flamborough Township was created by amalgamating the townships of East Flamborough, West Flamborough and Beverly with the village of Waterdown. At the same
Fort Simpson is a village, the only one in the entire territory, in the Dehcho Region of the Northwest Territories, Canada. The community is located on an island at the confluence of the Liard Rivers, it is 500 km west of Yellowknife. Both rivers were traditionally trade routes for the Hudson's Bay Company and the native Dene people of the area. Fort Simpson is the regional centre of the Dehcho and is the gateway to the scenic South Nahanni River and the Nahanni National Park Reserve. Fort Simpson can be reached by air and road and has full secondary and elementary school service; the Mackenzie Highway was extended to Fort Simpson in 1970-71. The central section of the community is on an island near the south bank of the Mackenzie River, but industrial areas and rural residential areas are located along the highway as far as the Fort Simpson Airport, just beyond, the Liard River ferry crossing. Population is 1,202 according to the 2016 Census, a decrease of 2.9% from 2011 and 890 identified as Indigenous peoples.
Of these the majority, 770, of the residents are First Nations with 20 Inuit. The main languages are South English. In 2017 the Government of the Northwest Territories reported that the population was 1,174 with an average yearly growth rate of -0.5% from 2007. Fort Simpson was first started as a fur trading site in 1803 named Fort of the Forks; the Village of Fort Simpson was a permanent settlement in July 1822 when the Hudson's Bay Company constructed a trading post, naming it for George Simpson the Governor of Rupert's Land. Until 1910 Fort Simpson was "a company town", with some participation by the Anglican and Roman Catholic Missions; the Dene know it as Liidli Kue. It was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1969. Pope John Paul II attempted to visit the community in September 1984 as part of his Canadian tour, but was prevented from landing due to fog, he did so in September 1987 near the end of the tour of the United States, making a side trip to Fort Simpson. There are two main annual festivals.
The first, held in March is known as the "Beavertail Jamboree". This is a winter carnival which includes traditional games, snowmobile races, talent shows; the other festival is the "Open Sky Festival", held annually on or around the Canada Day long weekend. The Open Sky Festival is a multi-disciplinary arts festival which has occurred annually since 2001. Festival events include musical and other performances as well as traditional Dehcho Dene Crafts, visual arts, new media exhibitions and demonstrations; the Open Sky festival is hosted by the Open Sky Creative Society, a multi-disciplinary arts organization serving artists working in the Dehcho region. The Dene of the community are represented by the Liidli Kue First Nation and the Métis by Fort Simpson Métis Local 52. Both groups belong to the Dehcho First Nations. Fort Simpson has warm but short summers. July temperatures are unusually warm for such northerly areas, which demonstrates the extreme continental nature of the area's climate. However, the heat turns into long and harsh winters when daylight hours turn drastically shorter.
Transition seasons are short, the year is on average dominated by the winter and to a lesser extent, summer. The average monthly temperatures range from −24.2 °C in January to 17.4 °C in July. Most of the precipitation falls during the summer months; the highest temperature recorded in Fort Simpson was 36.6 °C on 25 July 1994 and 13 July 2014. The coldest temperature recorded was −56.1 °C on 1 February 1947. List of municipalities in the Northwest Territories Fort Simpson Island Airport Fort Simpson Island Water Aerodrome Fort Simpson/Canadian Helicopters Heliport Fort Simpson/ Heliport Official site
Yukon is the smallest and westernmost of Canada's three federal territories. It has the smallest population of any province or territory in Canada, with 35,874 people, although it has the largest city in any of the three territories. Whitehorse is Yukon's only city. Yukon was split from the Northwest Territories in 1898 and was named the Yukon Territory; the federal government's Yukon Act, which received royal assent on March 27, 2002, established Yukon as the territory's official name, though Yukon Territory is still popular in usage and Canada Post continues to use the territory's internationally approved postal abbreviation of YT. Though bilingual, the Yukon government recognizes First Nations languages. At 5,959 m, Yukon's Mount Logan, in Kluane National Park and Reserve, is the highest mountain in Canada and the second-highest on the North American continent. Most of Yukon has a subarctic climate, characterized by brief warm summers; the Arctic Ocean coast has a tundra climate. Notable rivers include the Yukon River, as well as the Pelly, Peel and Tatshenshini rivers.
The territory is named after the longest river in Yukon. The name itself is from a contraction of the words in the Gwich'in phrase chųų gąįį han, which means white water river and refers to "the pale colour" of glacial runoff in the Yukon River. Long before the arrival of Europeans and southern Yukon was populated by First Nations people, the area escaped glaciation. Sites of archeological significance in Yukon hold some of the earliest evidence of the presence of human habitation in North America; the sites safeguard the earliest First Nations of the Yukon. The volcanic eruption of Mount Churchill in 800 AD in what is now the U. S. state of Alaska blanketed southern Yukon with a layer of ash which can still be seen along the Klondike Highway, which forms part of the oral tradition of First Nations peoples in Yukon and further south in Canada. Coastal and inland First Nations had extensive trading networks. European incursions into the area began early in the 19th century with the fur trade, followed by missionaries.
By the 1870s and 1880s gold miners began to arrive. This drove a population increase that justified the establishment of a police force, just in time for the start of the Klondike Gold Rush in 1897; the increased population coming with the gold rush led to the separation of the Yukon district from the Northwest Territories and the formation of the separate Yukon Territory in 1898. The territory is the approximate shape of a right triangle, bordering the U. S. state of Alaska to the west and northwest for 1,210 km along longitude 141° W, the Northwest Territories to the east and British Columbia to the south. Its northern coast is on the Beaufort Sea, its ragged eastern boundary follows the divide between the Yukon Basin and the Mackenzie River drainage basin to the east in the Mackenzie mountains. Most of the territory is in the watershed of the Yukon River; the southern Yukon is dotted with a large number of large and narrow glacier-fed alpine lakes, most of which flow into the Yukon River system.
The larger lakes include Teslin Lake, Atlin Lake, Tagish Lake, Marsh Lake, Lake Laberge, Kusawa Lake and Kluane Lake. Bennett Lake on the Klondike Gold Rush trail is a lake flowing into Nares Lake, with the greater part of its area within Yukon. Canada's highest point, Mount Logan, is in the territory's southwest. Mount Logan and a large part of Yukon's southwest are in Kluane National Park and Reserve, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Other national parks include Ivvavik National Vuntut National Park in the north. Other watersheds include the Mackenzie River, the Peel Watershed and the Alsek–Tatshenshini, a number of rivers flowing directly into the Beaufort Sea; the two main Yukon rivers flowing into the Mackenzie in the Northwest Territories are the Liard River in the southeast and the Peel River and its tributaries in the northeast. Notable widespread tree species within Yukon are white spruce. Many trees are stunted because of severe climate; the capital, Whitehorse, is the largest city, with about three-quarters of the population.
British Columbia Northwest Territories Alaska, United States While the average winter temperature in Yukon is mild by Canadian arctic standards, no other place in North America gets as cold as Yukon during extreme cold snaps. The temperature has dropped down to −60 °C three times, 1947, 1954, 1968; the most extreme cold snap occurred in February 1947 when the abandoned town of Snag dropped down to −63.0 °C. Unlike most of Canada where the most extreme heat waves occur in July and September, Yukon's extreme heat tends to occur in June and May. Yukon has recorded 36 °C three times; the first time was in June 1969 when Mayo recorded a temperature of 36.1 °C. 14 years this record was beaten when Forty Mile recorded 36 °C in May 1983. The old record was broken 21 years in June 2004 when the Mayo Road weather station, located just northwest of Whitehorse, recorded a temperature of 36.5 °C. The 2016 census reported a Yukon population of 35,874, an increase of 5.8% from 2011. With a land area of 474,712.64 km2, it had a population de
Rimbey is a town in central Alberta, Canada. It is located at the junction of Highways 20 and 53 in the Blindman River valley area 62 kilometres northwest of Red Deer and 145 kilometres southwest of Edmonton. Provincially, Rimbey is part of the Rimbey-Rocky Mountain House-Sundre electoral district and federally in the Wetaskiwin riding. Made a community in 1902, the first name given to the settlement at the turn of the century was Kansas Ridge as many of the settlers originated from the American state of Kansas. Among them were the three Rimbey brothers for whom the town was named after in 1904; the Rimbeys moved to Canada from Scott County, Illinois having moved to Illinois in the 1830s from Maryland. They were born in Pennsylvania. In 1919 the Lacombe and Blindman Valley Electric Railway reached Rimbey, there was much enthusiasm for the "new town" by the tracks. Two grain companies built elevators the following year and Rimbey's population swelled to 319 by 1921; the Second World War brought abrupt changes to Rimbey, as young men and sometimes their families left the village.
When war was over some returned and others did not. Many new faces came to Rimbey and the population surged to 634 by 1946. In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Town of Rimbey recorded a population of 2,567 living in 1,077 of its 1,160 total private dwellings, a 7.9% change from its 2011 population of 2,378. With a land area of 11.4 km2, it had a population density of 225.2/km2 in 2016. In the 2011 Census, the Town of Rimbey had a population of 2,378 living in 983 of its 1,081 total dwellings, a 5.6% increase from its 2006 population of 2,252. With a land area of 11.34 km2, it had a population density of 209.7/km2 in 2011. The population of the Town of Rimbey according to its 2008 municipal census was 2,496. Rimbey is a farming community, with the oil and gas sector increasing in importance; the town has full amenities including hotels, several grocery and liquor stores and a campground. Rimbey has its own hospital and ambulance and its own detachment of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
Pas-Ka-Poo Park includes large open lawns, a historical village site, museums and a wide array of interesting displays, including the World's Largest Collection of International Trucks in the Smithson International Truck Museum. The Rimbey Golf & Trailer Park was located 1.5 kilometres south. The golf course has since been closed due to flooding; the town had an outdoor swimming pool open from May to September every year, rebuilt as a 3,900 ft ² junior olympic pool with a beach entrance, two hot tubs, a double loop waterslide and a 2,100 ft ² splash pad for toddlers up to 15 years of age. The Beatty House is a historical house in the centre of town and can be booked for tours or to house social events. There are a couple of smaller public parks around town. Operated by the Wolf Creek School Division No. 72, the Rimbey Elementary School, the Rimbey Junior-Senior High School, the West Country Outreach School provide education within Rimbey. The town is home to the Rimbey Christian School, a private school that offers learning for students in K-9.
The Rimbey Nursery School offers play-based programs for children 3 to 5 years old. The town newspaper is the Rimbey Review; the Review was owned by Sylvan Lake News. The paper was sold to Black Press in 2005; the Rimbey Review succeeded the Rimbey Record, publishing since the early 1930s. The Record was cited, in 1937, for its assistance in a series for the Edmonton Journal, which won that paper a Pulitzer prize; the Rimbey Record was, at its demise, part of a chain of newspapers, under the banner Record Publishing that failed financially after an unsuccessful attempt to go public. The town had one radio station VF8020, owned by The Church of Nazarene of Rimbey. Harry Lang, professional wrestler best known as Cowboy Lang List of communities in Alberta List of towns in Alberta Official website
Carcross known as Caribou Crossing, is an unincorporated community in Yukon, Canada, on Bennett Lake and Nares Lake. It is home to the Carcross/Tagish First Nation. At the 2016 census it had a population of 301, it is the Klondike Highway from Whitehorse. The south end of the Tagish Road is in Carcross. Carcross is on the White Pass and Yukon Route railway. Carcross is known for its world class mountain biking on the near-by Montana Mountain, for the nearby Carcross Desert referred to as the "world's smallest desert." Caribou Crossing was a hunting camp for Inland Tlingit and Tagish people. 4,500-year-old artifacts from First Nations people living in the area have been found in the region. Known as Naataase Heen, Caribou Crossing was named after the migration of huge numbers of caribou across the natural land bridge between Lake Bennett and Nares Lake; that caribou herd was decimated during the Klondike Gold Rush, but a recovery program raised the number of animals to about 450. The modern village began during the Klondike Gold Rush.
At the time, Caribou Crossing was a popular stopping place for prospectors going to and from the gold fields of Dawson City. Caribou Crossing was a station for the Royal Mail and the Dominion Telegraph Line, it served as a communications point on the Yukon River. In 1904, Caribou Crossing was renamed Carcross as a result of some mail mix-ups with the Cariboo Regional District in nearby British Columbia. Silver mining was promoted nearby in Conrad, Yukon in the early 1900s, but there was little to be found and mining efforts soon ended. Mineral exploration continues today, but tourism is far more important to the economy of the community. In 2016 the Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge visited Carcross for a day trip. Population as of the Canada 1996 Census: 196 Population as of the Canada 2001 Census: 152 Population as of the Canada 2006 Census: 331 Population as of the Government of Yukon 2008 estimates: 431 Population as of the Canada 2011 Census: 289 Population as of the Government of Yukon 2012 estimates: 436 Population as of the Canada 2016 Census: 301 Carcross relies on tourism to support the local economy.
It lies on the Klondike Highway between Whitehorse and Skagway and offers a variety of historic attractions and outdoor activities. Popular with road traffic including tour buses and RVs, in 2007 the White Pass railway resumed service to Carcross railway station. Just north of the town is the Carcross Desert referred to as the "world's smallest desert." There are two small airports located in the area, Carcross Airport is adjacent to the town and Carcross Water Aerodrome located on Tagish Lake. Alaska cruises stopping in Skagway will offer day tours to Carcross; the day tours offer stops at the Yukon sign, the Caribou Crossing Wildlife Museum, Dog Sledding Zoo and the actual town of Carcross. Carcross lies on the popular Klondike Highway; the city is served by Carcross Airport. The closest Canadian airport with large airline service is Whitehorse Airport, which has domestic airline service as well as flights to Europe and the United States. Tourist buses serving cruise ships passengers at the port of Skagway, Alaska, USA make day trips to Carcross.
Louise Profeit-LeBlanc Keish Angela Sidney Kevin Barr FM 90.5 - VF2039, First Nations community radio FM 97.5 - CIKO, school radio FM 105.5 - VF2360, TIS/weather Carcross-Tagish First Nation Community Profile
Alberta is a western province of Canada. With an estimated population of 4,067,175 as of 2016 census, it is Canada's fourth most populous province and the most populous of Canada's three prairie provinces, its area is about 660,000 square kilometres. Alberta and its neighbour Saskatchewan were districts of the Northwest Territories until they were established as provinces on September 1, 1905; the premier has been Rachel Notley since May 2015. Alberta is bounded by the provinces of British Columbia to the west and Saskatchewan to the east, the Northwest Territories to the north, the U. S. state of Montana to the south. Alberta is one of three Canadian provinces and territories to border only a single U. S. state and one of only two landlocked provinces. It has a predominantly humid continental climate, with stark contrasts over a year. Alberta's capital, Edmonton, is near the geographic centre of the province and is the primary supply and service hub for Canada's crude oil, the Athabasca oil sands and other northern resource industries.
About 290 km south of the capital is the largest city in Alberta. Calgary and Edmonton centre Alberta's two census metropolitan areas, both of which have populations exceeding one million, while the province has 16 census agglomerations. Tourist destinations in the province include Banff, Drumheller, Sylvan Lake and Lake Louise. Alberta is named after the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria. Princess Louise was the wife of Marquess of Lorne, Governor General of Canada. Lake Louise and Mount Alberta were named in her honour. Alberta, with an area of 661,848 km2, is the fourth-largest province after Quebec and British Columbia. To the south, the province borders on the 49th parallel north, separating it from the U. S. state of Montana, while to the north the 60th parallel north divides it from the Northwest Territories. To the east, the 110th meridian west separates it from the province of Saskatchewan, while on the west its boundary with British Columbia follows the 120th meridian west south from the Northwest Territories at 60°N until it reaches the Continental Divide at the Rocky Mountains, from that point follows the line of peaks marking the Continental Divide in a southeasterly direction until it reaches the Montana border at 49°N.
The province extends 660 km east to west at its maximum width. Its highest point is 3,747 m at the summit of Mount Columbia in the Rocky Mountains along the southwest border while its lowest point is 152 m on the Slave River in Wood Buffalo National Park in the northeast. With the exception of the semi-arid steppe of the south-eastern section, the province has adequate water resources. There are numerous lakes used for swimming, fishing and a range of water sports. There are three large lakes, Lake Claire in Wood Buffalo National Park, Lesser Slave Lake, Lake Athabasca which lies in both Alberta and Saskatchewan; the longest river in the province is the Athabasca River which travels 1,538 km from the Columbia Icefield in the Rocky Mountains to Lake Athabasca. The largest river is the Peace River with an average flow of 2161 m3/s; the Peace River originates in the Rocky Mountains of northern British Columbia and flows through northern Alberta and into the Slave River, a tributary of the Mackenzie River.
Alberta's capital city, Edmonton, is located at about the geographic centre of the province. It is the most northerly major city in Canada, serves as a gateway and hub for resource development in northern Canada; the region, with its proximity to Canada's largest oil fields, has most of western Canada's oil refinery capacity. Calgary is about 280 km south of Edmonton and 240 km north of Montana, surrounded by extensive ranching country. 75% of the province's population lives in the Calgary–Edmonton Corridor. The land grant policy to the railroads served as a means to populate the province in its early years. Most of the northern half of the province is boreal forest, while the Rocky Mountains along the southwestern boundary are forested; the southern quarter of the province is prairie, ranging from shortgrass prairie in the southeastern corner to mixed grass prairie in an arc to the west and north of it. The central aspen parkland region extending in a broad arc between the prairies and the forests, from Calgary, north to Edmonton, east to Lloydminster, contains the most fertile soil in the province and most of the population.
Much of the unforested part of Alberta is given over either to grain or to dairy farming, with mixed farming more common in the north and centre, while ranching and irrigated agriculture predominate in the south. The Alberta badlands are located in southeastern Alberta, where the Red Deer River crosses the flat prairie and farmland, features deep canyons and striking landforms. Dinosaur Provincial Park, near Brooks, showcases the badlands terrain, desert flora, remnants from Alberta's past when dinosaurs roamed the lush landscape. Alberta has a humid continental climate with cold winters; the province is open to cold arctic weather systems from the north, which produce cold conditions in winter. As the fronts between the air masses shift north and south across Alberta, the temperature can change rapidly. Arctic
Three Hills is a town located in the southern part of the province of Alberta, Canada. It takes its name from the three visible hills that are situated to its north. Three Hills was incorporated as a village in 1912, the year it was moved to its current location on the Canadian Northern Railway. With ranchers and farmers constituting its first residents, it soon became a centre for the surrounding wheat-growing area. In 1922, the Prairie Bible Institute was established in Three Hills with L. E. Maxwell as its founding principal; this occurrence helped to increase the population of its adjacent settlements. By the mid 1980s, the 130-acre College campus and the nearby hamlets of Grantville and Ruarkville were annexed to the town. Although a small community, Three Hills had the distinction of hosting the Alberta Seniors Games in the summer of 1998; the town was chosen to host this event because of its ability to utilize large and well equipped facilities at the college. This included the opening and closing ceremonies which took place in the 4,300 seat Maxwell Memorial Tabernacle, located on Prairie College's campus.
The Maxwell Tabernacle was Canada's largest religious auditorium before it was demolished in 2005. It operated from 1954 to 2005 as a local church, concert hall, graduation auditorium of Prairie Christian Academy and Three Hills School high school classes; because of development regarding the nearby methane fields, the food and lodging industries in Three Hills have grown over the past few years. In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Town of Three Hills recorded a population of 3,212 living in 1,232 of its 1,306 total private dwellings, a 0.4% change from its 2011 population of 3,198. With a land area of 6.75 km2, it had a population density of 475.9/km2 in 2016. The Town of Three Hills' 2012 municipal census counted a population of 3,230, a 2.8% decrease from its 2008 municipal census population of 3,322. In the 2011 Census, the Town of Three Hills had a population of 3,198 living in 1,178 of its 1,257 total dwellings, a 3.5% change from its 2006 population of 3,089.
With a land area of 5.63 km2, it had a population density of 568.0/km2 in 2011. Three Hills offers much to its community, including Three Hills Municipal Library, Aquatic Centre, Centennial Place hockey arena, curling rink, Three Hills Golf Club, the Kneehill Historical Museum. Since 1981, Three Hills has hosted an annual weekend in early June for auto enthusiasts called Cruise Night; the event attracts more than 8,000 visitors, along with their classic cars, trucks and hot rods. This weekend is the largest of its kind in all of Western Canada; the Capital – weekly newspaper Erica Durance, actress known for her roles as Lois Lane and Dr. Alex Reid Phil Callaway, humorist and award-winning author of 25 books Josh Pelland, competitive para-cyclist. In 2016, Josh was selected to participate in an exoskeleton research project at the Foothills Medical Centre in Calgary. Bill Peters, NHL coach Paul Janz and theologian Three Hills Airport List of communities in Alberta List of towns in Alberta Official website