Invermere is a community in eastern British Columbia, near the border of Alberta. With its growing permanent population of almost 4,000, swelling to near 40,000 on summer weekends, Invermere sits on the northwest shore of Lake Windermere and is a popular summer destination for visitors and second home owners from Calgary. Invermere is located 14 kilometres south of Radium, and 104 kilometres south of Golden and 102 kilometres from the Trans-Canada Highway, Invermere is situated within the Columbia River Wetlands, North Americas largest intact wetland and a Ramsar-designated site. Located in the Rocky Mountain Trench, Invermere is 17.5 kilometres from Kootenay National Park, invermeres climate is characterized by warm summers and cool winters. The Rocky Mountains to the east shield Invermere from the Arctic air in winter, spring arrives earlier than on the prairies to the east of the Rocky Mountains. Although warm, summers are variable, with weather alternating between hot, dry spells and cool, showery periods, hockey The Columbia Valley Rockies play in Invermere.
Former New York Islanders and University of Denver goaltender Wade Dubielewicz was born in Invermere, skiing Panorama Mountain Village lies about 30 minutes west. Fairmont Hot Springs Resort ski area lies 25 minutes south, Kimberley Alpine Resort is about 1 hour south in Kimberley. Kicking Horse Mountain Resort is about 1.5 hours north of Invermere in Golden, copper Point Golf Club is a newer golf course about 2 kilometres east of Invermere along Highway 95/93. Eagle Ranch Golf Course is located 3 kilometres northeast of Invermere, greywolf Golf Course is located in Panorama Mountain Village is about 18 kilometres west of Invermere, along the Toby Creek canyon. The Resort Course and Springs Course at Radium Resort, Radium Hot Springs are very popular, mountainside and Riverside golf courses are located in Fairmont Hot Springs,20 minutes south of Invermere. Edgewater Hill Top Par 3 is located in Edgewater,20 minutes north of Invermere, setekwa Golf Course is located about 7 kilometres north of Invermere on Highway 93/95.
The club is active during the months, when it welcomes dozens of student pilots. The Invermere Soaring Centre is a commercial operation which provides aerotowing services. Canadian Rockies Soaring Club Invermere Soaring Centre The local area is a destination for other non-motorized forms of flying including hang-gliding and paragliding. There are designated launch sites at nearby Mount Swansea, curling The Valley is host to the biggest outdoor bonspiel in Canada every January. The spiel is held on the frozen Windermere Lake, the curling club is host to many leagues and bonspiels throughout the season. Hot springs Hot springs are numerous in the area, with the developed ones being Fairmont and Radium Hot Springs
Kelowna is a city on Okanagan Lake in the Okanagan Valley, in the southern interior of British Columbia, Canada. It serves as the office of the Regional District of Central Okanagan. Its name derives from an Okanagan language term for grizzly bear, Kelowna is the third largest metropolitan area in the province and ranks as the 22nd largest in Canada, with a population of 194,882 in 2016. So far exact dates of first settlement are unknown, but a northern migration led to the peopling of this area some 9000 years ago, the Indigenous Syilx people were the first inhabitants of the region, and continue to live in the region. Father Charles M. Pandosy, a French Roman Catholic Oblate missionary, arriving in 1859 was the first European to settle at Kelowna, Kelowna was officially incorporated on 4 May 1905. In May 2005, Kelowna celebrated its Centennial, in the same year, new five lane William R. Bennett Bridge began construction to replace the three lane Okanagan Lake Bridge. It was part of a plan to alleviate traffic problems experienced during the summer tourist season, the new bridge was completed in 2008.
The bridge has done little to alleviate traffic problems, on July 3,1877, George Mercer Dawson was the first geologist to visit Kelowna. On 6 August 1969 a sonic boom from an air show produced an expensive broken glass bill of a quarter million dollars while at least 6 people were injured. The incident was caused by a member of Americas Blue Angels during a routine for the Kelowna Regatta festival. Winter 1986 was the last time that the Lake completely froze over, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police helicopter successfully rescued an SUV that had tried to drive across the Lake and fell through the ice. 2000s, Kelowna builds the tallest building in between the Lower Mainland and Calgary, Skye at Waterscapes, which is a 26-floor residential tower. On 7 May 1992, a forest fire consumed 60 hectares of forest on Mount Boucherie in West Kelowna across Lake Okanagan from Kelowna proper, no homes were damaged, in August 2003, a nearby wildfire destroyed 239 homes and forced the temporary evacuation of approx.
During the 2003 fire, many trestles of the historic Kettle Valley Railway were destroyed, all the trestles have been rebuilt to look like the originals but using smaller dimension beams. In late August 2005, a 30 hectare fire caused multiple evacuations in the Rose Valley subdivision across the lake in West Kelowna, in July 2009 wildfires destroyed hundreds of hectares of forest and a number of buildings in West Kelowna,17,000 residents were evacuated. In July 2009, a 100 hectare fire near Rose Valley resulted in the evacuation of 7,000 people, in July 2009, a 9,200 hectare fire behind Fintry resulted in the evacuation of 2,500 people. On 12 July 2010, a 30 hectare fire in West Kelowna destroyed one home, September 2011, a 40 hectare fire in West Kelownas Bear Creek Park caused the evacuation of over 500 people. In July 2012, a 30 hectare fire caused the evacuation of the community of Wilsons Landing just North of West Kelowna
British Columbia is the westernmost province of Canada, with a population of more than four million people located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains. British Columbia is a component of the Pacific Northwest and the Cascadia bioregion, along with the U. S. states of Idaho, Oregon and Alaska. The first British settlement in the area was Fort Victoria, established in 1843, subsequently, on the mainland, the Colony of British Columbia was founded by Richard Clement Moody and the Royal Engineers, Columbia Detachment, in response to the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush. Port Moody is named after him, in 1866, Vancouver Island became part of the colony of British Columbia, and Victoria became the united colonys capital. In 1871, British Columbia became the province of Canada. Its Latin motto is Splendor sine occasu, the capital of British Columbia remains Victoria, the fifteenth-largest metropolitan region in Canada, named for the Queen who created the original European colonies. The largest city is Vancouver, the third-largest metropolitan area in Canada, the largest in Western Canada, in October 2013, British Columbia had an estimated population of 4,606,371.
British Columbia evolved from British possessions that were established in what is now British Columbia by 1871, First Nations, the original inhabitants of the land, have a history of at least 10,000 years in the area. Today there are few treaties and the question of Aboriginal Title, the Tsilhqotin Nation has established Aboriginal title to a portion of their territory, as a result of the recent Supreme Court of Canada decision. BCs economy is diverse, with service producing industries accounting for the largest portion of the provinces GDP and it is the endpoint of transcontinental railways, and the site of major Pacific ports that enable international trade. Though less than 5% of its vast 944,735 km2 land is arable and its climate encourages outdoor recreation and tourism, though its economic mainstay has long been resource extraction, principally logging and mining. Vancouver, the provinces largest city and metropolitan area, serves as the headquarters of many western-based natural resource companies and it benefits from a strong housing market and a per capita income well above the national average.
The Northern Interior region has a climate with very cold winters. The climate of Vancouver is by far the mildest winter climate of the major Canadian cities, the provinces name was chosen by Queen Victoria, when the Colony of British Columbia, i. e. the Mainland, became a British colony in 1858. The current southern border of British Columbia was established by the 1846 Oregon Treaty, British Columbias land area is 944,735 square kilometres. British Columbias rugged coastline stretches for more than 27,000 kilometres and it is the only province in Canada that borders the Pacific Ocean. British Columbias capital is Victoria, located at the tip of Vancouver Island. Only a narrow strip of the Island, from Campbell River to Victoria, is significantly populated, much of the western part of Vancouver Island and the rest of the coast is covered by thick and sometimes impenetrable temperate rainforest
Transport Canada is the department within the government of Canada which is responsible for developing regulations and services of transportation in Canada. It is part of the Transportation and Communities portfolio, the current Minister of Transport is Marc Garneau. Transport Canada has its offices in Ottawa, the Department of Transport was created in 1935 by the government of William Lyon Mackenzie King in recognition of the changing transportation environment in Canada at the time. He created a National Harbours Board and Trans-Canada Air Lines, the Department of Transport Act came into force November 2,1936. Transport Canada emerged from this process as a department focused on policy, in 2004, Transport Canada introduced non-passenger screening to enhance both airport and civil aviation security. Transport Canadas headquarters are located in Ottawa, at Place de Ville, each inspector with delegated power from the Minister of Transport receives official credentials to exercise their power, as shown on the right.
These inspectors are public officers identified within the Criminal Code of Canada, the Motor Vehicle Safety Act was established in 1971 in order to create safety standards for cars in Canada. The department acts as the governments funding partner with provincial transport ministries on jointly-funded provincial transportation infrastructure projects for new highways. On June 26,2013, the Fair Rail Freight Service Act became law which was a response to the Rail Freight Service Review’s Final Report, Transport Canada is responsible for the waterways inside and surrounding Canada. As was certain regulatory aspects of Emergency Response Transport Canadas role in aviation seems to be the most detailed, until 1996, Transport Canada was responsible for both regulation of aviation and the operation of air traffic services, as well as the operation of most major airports. This change was controversial because NAV CANADA began charging for services that were funded through general tax revenue. In 2005, the United States was discussing a similar delegation of the FAAs air traffic services to a government corporation.
During the 1990s, Transport Canada began privatizing the operation of large airports, in 2003, Transport Canada launched its Electronic Collection of Air Transportation Statistics program to collect passenger and cargo data in real-time from air carriers flying in Canada. ECATS will expand into the field of aviation during 2008. Transport Canada collects data on all accidents and incidents, no matter how minor, Transport Canada continues to be responsible for licensing pilots and other aviation specialists as well as registering and inspecting aircraft. It is responsible for the safety certification and continuous safety oversight of most forms of commercial operations, the Canadian Aviation Regulations are under Transport Canada control. Transport Canadas Civil Aviation Directorate or is Canadas civil aviation authority and it existed since 1936 when civil aviation was transferred from the Civil Aviation Branch of the Department of National Defence. de Havilland Canada Dash 7-150IR. In September 2009, the CBCs Fifth Estate produced a report Riding on Risk, the story was sparked by a lost memory stick which was found by a journalism student
IWK Health Centre
The IWK Health Centre is a hospital in Halifax, Nova Scotia that provides care to women and youth from Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island. The IWK Health Centre is located in the end of Halifax. The front entrance is on University Avenue between Robie Street and Martello Street, the present-day IWK Health Centre traces its history to the development of two separate facilities, a pediatric hospital and a maternity hospital. In the early 20th century, a group of Halifax residents along with interested physicians proposed the idea of establishing a hospital in Halifax. A multi-year fundraising campaign ensued, raising $6,000 by 1907, corbett resulted in the beginning of construction of the Halifax Childrens Hospital which opened for use in 1909. This early pediatric facility had no beds and, since health care in Canada at that time was private. The building expanded in 1919 to increase bed capacity to 50, followed by an expansion in 1931 to 90 beds. Mrs. Dorothy J. Killam donated $8 million toward construction of a new hospital in the memory of her late husband Izaak Walton Killam.
Construction of the new Izaak Walton Killam Hospital for Children began in 1967, upon the opening of the IWK in 1970, the historic Halifax Childrens Hospital was demolished. The Childrens Hospital School of Nursing operated from 1916 until 1971, in 1906 The Salvation Army purchased an old school in Halifaxs South End as a haven for fallen women. The facility was named Harrow House, physicians there donated their time and the facility gained an excellent reputation for maternity care. Dalhousie University offered the Salvation Army both land and funds to build and run the hospital, the initial facility could accommodate 65 mothers and 65 babies. Major renovations to the facility took place in 1956,1962,1973 and 1977, in 1975 the Halifax Infirmary announced that it would no longer handle maternity cases, forcing the Grace to absorb its patients. By the 1970s the Grace occupied half a city block with 126 adult beds and 166 bassinets with 40 in the intensive care unit. According to the Halifax Mail Star of May 28,1970, this hospital is gone, torn down after only 40 or years for a much larger provincially funded building set much further back on the former Poor House property.
The new Grace facility opened in 1992 bounding the block formed by University Avenue, Robie Street, the new 475,000 sq ft building was connected to the IWK to provide access to that facilitys pediatric medicine departments. It was designed by Nycum Fowler Group and DuBois Plumb Partnership, the program ended in 1964, having trained and graduated almost 400 nurses over its existence. In 1996 the Izaak Walton Killam Hospital for Children and the adjacent Grace Maternity Hospital merged to become the IWK Grace Hospital for Women, Children, at that time a new Link building was constructed to join the separate buildings
Nova Scotia is one of Canadas three Maritime provinces, and one of the four provinces which form Atlantic Canada. Nova Scotia is Canadas second-smallest province, with an area of 55,284 square kilometres, including Cape Breton, as of 2016, the population was 923,598. Nova Scotia is the second most-densely populated province in Canada with 17.4 inhabitants per square kilometre, Nova Scotia means New Scotland in Latin and is the recognized English language name for the province. In Scottish Gaelic, the province is called Alba Nuadh, which simply means New Scotland. Nova Scotia is Canadas second-smallest province in area after Prince Edward Island, the provinces mainland is the Nova Scotia peninsula surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, including numerous bays and estuaries. Nowhere in Nova Scotia is more than 67 km from the ocean, Nova Scotia has many ancient fossil-bearing rock formations. These formations are rich on the Bay of Fundys shores. Blue Beach near Hantsport, Joggins Fossil Cliffs, on the Bay of Fundys shores, has yielded an abundance of Carboniferous age fossils, wassons Bluff, near the town of Parrsboro, has yielded both Triassic and Jurassic age fossils.
Nova Scotia lies in the mid-temperate zone, since the province is almost surrounded by the sea, the climate is closer to maritime than to continental climate. The winter and summer temperature extremes of the climate are moderated by the ocean. However, winters are cold enough to be classified as continental – still being nearer the freezing point than inland areas to the west. The Nova Scotia climate is in ways similar to the central Baltic Sea coast in Northern Europe. This is in spite of Nova Scotia being some fifteen parallels south, areas not on the Atlantic coast experience warmer summers more typical of inland areas, and winter lows a little colder. The province includes regions of the Mikmaq nation of Mikmaki, the Mikmaq people inhabited Nova Scotia at the time the first European colonists arrived. In 1605, French colonists established the first permanent European settlement in the future Canada at Port Royal, the British conquest of Acadia took place in 1710. The Treaty of Utrecht in 1713 formally recognized this and returned Cape Breton Island to the French, present-day New Brunswick still formed a part of the French colony of Acadia.
The British changed the name of the capital from Port Royal to Annapolis Royal, in 1749, the capital of Nova Scotia moved from Annapolis Royal to the newly established Halifax. In 1755 the vast majority of the French population were removed in the Expulsion of the Acadians
Canada is a country in the northern half of North America. Canadas border with the United States is the worlds longest binational land border, the majority of the country has a cold or severely cold winter climate, but southerly areas are warm in summer. Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its territory being dominated by forest and tundra. It is highly urbanized with 82 per cent of the 35.15 million people concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, One third of the population lives in the three largest cities, Toronto and Vancouver. Its capital is Ottawa, and other urban areas include Calgary, Quebec City, Winnipeg. Various aboriginal peoples had inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Pursuant to the British North America Act, on July 1,1867, the colonies of Canada, New Brunswick and this began an accretion of provinces and territories to the mostly self-governing Dominion to the present ten provinces and three territories forming modern Canada.
With the Constitution Act 1982, Canada took over authority, removing the last remaining ties of legal dependence on the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth II being the head of state. The country is officially bilingual at the federal level and it is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Its advanced economy is the eleventh largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources, Canadas long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture. Canada is a country and has the tenth highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the ninth highest ranking in the Human Development Index. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, Canada is an influential nation in the world, primarily due to its inclusive values, years of prosperity and stability, stable economy, and efficient military.
While a variety of theories have been postulated for the origins of Canada. In 1535, indigenous inhabitants of the present-day Quebec City region used the word to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to the village of Stadacona, from the 16th to the early 18th century Canada referred to the part of New France that lay along the St. Lawrence River. In 1791, the area became two British colonies called Upper Canada and Lower Canada collectively named The Canadas, until their union as the British Province of Canada in 1841. Upon Confederation in 1867, Canada was adopted as the name for the new country at the London Conference. The transition away from the use of Dominion was formally reflected in 1982 with the passage of the Canada Act, that year, the name of national holiday was changed from Dominion Day to Canada Day
Halifax, Nova Scotia
Halifax, legally known as the Halifax Regional Municipality, is the capital of the province of Nova Scotia, Canada. The municipality had a population of 403,131 in 2016, the regional municipality consists of four former municipalities that were amalgamated in 1996, Dartmouth and the Municipality of Halifax County. Halifax is an economic centre in Atlantic Canada with a large concentration of government services. Agriculture, mining and natural gas extraction are major resource found in the rural areas of the municipality. Additionally, Halifax has consistently placed in the top 10 for business friendliness of North and South American cities, the first permanent European settlement in the region was on the Halifax Peninsula. The establishment of the Town of Halifax, named after the 2nd Earl of Halifax, the establishment of Halifax marked the beginning of Father Le Loutres War. The war began when Edward Cornwallis arrived to establish Halifax with 13 transports, by unilaterally establishing Halifax the British were violating earlier treaties with the Mikmaq, which were signed after Father Rales War.
Cornwallis brought along 1,176 settlers and their families, St. Margarets Bay was first settled by French-speaking Foreign Protestants at French Village, Nova Scotia who migrated from Lunenburg, Nova Scotia during the American Revolution. The resulting explosion, the Halifax Explosion, devastated the Richmond District of Halifax, killing approximately 2,000 people, the blast was the largest artificial explosion before the development of nuclear weapons. Significant aid came from Boston, strengthening the bond between the two coastal cities, the municipal boundary thus now includes all of Halifax County except for several First Nation reserves. Since amalgamation, the region has officially been known as the Halifax Regional Municipality, on April 15,2014, the regional council approved the implementation of a new branding campaign for the region developed by the local firm Revolve Marketing. The campaign would see the region referred to in promotional materials simply as Halifax, mayor Mike Savage defended the decision, stating, Im a Westphal guy, Im a Dartmouth man, but Halifax is my city, we’re all part of Halifax.
Because when I go and travel on behalf of this municipality, metropolitan Halifax is a term used to describe the urban concentration surrounding Halifax Harbour, including the Halifax Peninsula, the core of Dartmouth, and the Bedford-Sackville areas. It is the Statistics Canada population centre of Halifax, the dense urban core is centred on the Halifax Peninsula and the area of Dartmouth inside of the Circumferential Highway. The suburban area stretches into areas known as Mainland Halifax to the west, Cole Harbour to the east and this urban area is the most populous on Canadas Atlantic coast, and the second largest coastal population centre in the country after Vancouver, British Columbia. Halifax currently accounts for 40% of Nova Scotias population, and 15% of that of Atlantic Canada, Halifaxs urban core is home to a number of regional landmark buildings and retains significant historic buildings and districts. The downtowns office towers are overlooked by the fortress of Citadel Hill with its iconic Halifax Town Clock, Dalhousie Universitys campus is often featured in films and documentaries.
Dartmouth has its share of historic neighbourhoods and this has resulted in some modern high rises being built at unusual angles or locations