List of Canadian airports by location indicator: CM
Format of entries is:
- Location indicator – IATA – Airport Name (alternate name) – Airport Location
Airports that are part of the National Airports System are emphasised.
Format of entries is:
Airports that are part of the National Airports System are emphasised.
|TC LID||IATA||Airport name||Community||Province/|
|CMA4||Miminiska Water Aerodrome||Miminiska||ON|
|CMA5||Mattawa (Hospital) Heliport||Mattawa||ON|
|CMB2||Meadowbank Aerodrome||Meadowbank Gold Mine||NU|
|CMB3||Cambridge (Puslinch Lake) Water Aerodrome||Cambridge||ON|
|CMB5||Campbellville (Bellshill Airpark) Aerodrome||Campbellville||ON|
|CMB6||Lake Muskoka/Milford Bay Water Aerodrome||Milford Bay||ON|
|CMB7||Maxville (Bourdon Farm) Aerodrome||Maxville||ON|
|CMB8||Combermere/Bonnie Brae Airfield||Combermere||ON|
|CMB9||Port Renfrew (Mill Bay Marine Group) Heliport||Port Renfrew||BC|
|CMBH||Mount Belcher Heliport||Mount Belcher||BC|
|CMC2||Edmonton/Misericordia (Community Hospital) Heliport||Edmonton||AB|
|CMC3||Mayerthorpe (Healthcare Centre) Heliport||Mayerthorpe||AB|
|CMC8||Gravenhurst/Sniders Bay Water Aerodrome||Gravenhurst||ON|
|CME3||Bala (Medora Lake) Aerodrome||Bala||ON|
|CMF2||Edmonton/Calmar (Maplelane Farm) Aerodrome||Calmar||AB|
|CMF3||Lethbridge (Mercer Field) Aerodrome||Lethbridge||AB|
|CMF4||Port Hope (Millson Field) Aerodrome||Port Hope||ON|
|CMH2||Milton (AFI) Heliport||Milton||ON|
|CMH3||Lacombe (Mustang Helicopters) Heliport||Lacombe||AB|
|CMH4||Montréal/Mirabel Hélico Heliport||Montreal||QC|
|CMH5||Medicine Hat (Regional Hospital) Heliport||Medicine Hat||AB|
|CMH6||Valemount (CMH) Heliport||Valemount||BC|
|CMI2||Minden (Hospital) Heliport||Minden||ON|
|CMK2||McKellar (Manitouwabing) Water Aerodrome||McKellar||ON|
|CML2||Quamichan Lake (Raven Field) Airport||Quamichan Lake||BC|
|CML3||Mink Lake Water Aerodrome||Carleton||NS|
|CML4||Gravenhurst (Morrison Lake) Water Aerodrome||Gravenhurst||ON|
|CML5||Thunder Bay (Martin’s Landing) Aerodrome||Thunder Bay||ON|
|CML6||Six Mile Lake (Hungry Bay) Water Aerodrome||Six Mile Lake||ON|
|CML7||Minto Landing Aerodrome||Minto||YT|
|CMN4||Minto Aerodrome||Minto Mine||YT|
|CMN6||Edmonton/Morinville (Mike's Field) Aerodrome||Edmonton||AB|
|CMR2||Mary River Aerodrome||Mary River||NU|
|CMR6||Camrose/St. Mary's Hospital Heliport||Camrose||AB|
|CMS2||Middleton (Soldiers Memorial Hospital) Heliport||Middleton||NS|
|CMS3||Saint-Michel-des-Saints (Marina Le Nautique) Water Aerodrome||Saint-Michel-des-Saints||QC|
|CMT2||Mont-Tremblant (Lac Maskinongé) Water Aerodrome||Mont-Tremblant||QC|
|CMT3||Calgary (Foothills Hospital McCaig Tower) Heliport||Calgary||AB|
|CMW4||Madawaska Collins Field Aerodrome||Madawaska||ON|
|CMZ2||Arthur (Metz Field) Aerodrome||Arthur||ON|
Port Hope is a municipality in Southern Ontario, about 109 kilometres east of Toronto and about 159 kilometres west of Kingston. It is located at the mouth of the Ganaraska River on the north shore of Lake Ontario, in the west end of Northumberland County. Port Hope's nearest urban neighbour is the City of Oshawa. Since 1868, the town has been home to Trinity College School. Besides the town proper of Port Hope, the municipality of Port Hope comprises a number of villages and hamlets, including the following communities such as Campbellcroft, Dale, Davidson's Corners, Decker Hollow, Garden Hill, Morrish, Perrytown, Port Britain, Quay's Crossing, Thomstown, Wesleyville, Zion. Ganaraska was attributed to the area by the First Nations natives of the region and is what they called the river that flows through the town; the name originates from the Cayuga village first located at the current townsite. The Cayuga, part of the Iroquois Confederacy, had migrated there from New York in 1779, after suffering extensive damage as British allies at their homeland in New York state during the American Revolution.
In 1793, United Empire Loyalists became the first permanent settlers of European heritage in Port Hope, which they called Smith's Creek after a former fur trader. Mills and a town plot were developing by the turn of the century. After the War of 1812, more British settlers were wanted, a better name was required. After a brief fling with the name Toronto, the village was renamed in 1817 as Port Hope, after the Township of Hope of which it was a part, which in turn had been named for Colonel Henry Hope, lieutenant governor of the Province of Quebec. In 1834 Port Hope was incorporated as a town. Slow growth from 1881 to 1951 resulted in much of the town's original architecture not being demolished in the name of progress. Port Hope's downtown is celebrated now as the best-preserved 19th-century streetscape in Ontario; the town's local chapter of the Architectural Conservancy of Ontario and the Heritage Port Hope Advisory Committee are active and advise on the restoration and preservation of architecturally or significant buildings.
With over 270 heritage-designated buildings throughout the municipality, Port Hope has a higher per capita rate of preservation than any other town or city in Canada. Downtown businesses are regulated by the municipality to maintain the town's unique character. On January 1, 2001, the original town amalgamated with Hope Township to form the Municipality of Port Hope and Hope, renamed to its current name in November of that same year. Prior to amalgamation, the town's census population was listed as 11,718 while the township's was 3,877. Downtown Port Hope is well known as a shopping destination for antiques and other specialty items and is regarded as one of the best-preserved main streets in Ontario. Port Hope is served by a Via Rail station, it has a medical centre, a walk-in clinic, a community health centre. It has had its own daily newspaper since 1878, the Port Hope Evening Guide, which was, until 2007, a part of the Osprey Media chain and subsequently a part of the Sun Media organization.
In November 2017 this newspaper was included in the large scale closing of many local community newspapers throughout the province of Ontario. Port Hope's Economic Development Strategic Plan aims to increase job growth at least as fast as population growth; the town has a variety of industries. Port Hope is known for having the largest volume of historic low-level radioactive wastes in Canada; these wastes were created by Eldorado Mining and Refining Limited and its private sector predecessors, as a result of the refining process used to extract radium from uranium ore. Radium was used in "glow-in-the-dark" paint, in the early treatment of cancer; the Eldorado plant produced uranium, which may have been used in the Manhattan Project that created the first nuclear weapon. It continues to produce uranium fuel for nuclear power plants, now under the ownership of Cameco. In 2002, a large amount of contaminated soil was removed from beachfront areas. More a testing program has begun of over 5,000 properties, with a plan to remove and store contaminated soil used as landfill.
Well over a billion dollars is expected to be spent on the soil remediation project, the largest such cleanup in Canadian history. The effort is projected to be complete in 2022; the Ganaraska River, is well known to area anglers for annual salmon and trout runs. It has caused many historic floods, the most recent having been in April, 1980; every April since, Port Hope has commemorated the flood with "Float Your Fanny Down the Ganny" ten kilometer river race. "Participants range from serious paddlers navigating the cold, fast moving water in kayaks and canoes, to the entertaining'crazy craft' paddlers, floating any combination of materials down the river in an attempt to reach the finish line." Highway 401 runs through the north end of Port Hope. Port Hope Transit provides local bus service, VIA Rail provides passenger service from the Port Hope railway station along the Toronto-Montreal corridor; the station was built in 1856 for the Grand Trunk Railway and CN Rail. It was restored in 1985. Pleasure boats dock at the foot of John Street at Hayward Street and share the facilities with Cameco, which has berths for freighters servicing their manufacturing facilities at the mouth of the Ganaraska River.
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The Township of Muskoka Lakes is an area municipality of the District Municipality of Muskoka, Canada. It has a year-round population of 6,588; the municipal offices are located in Port Carling. The area now covered by the township was opened for settlement and organized in 1870 into the following geographic townships of Watt, Humphrey, Christie and Wood. In 1971, the current municipal structure took hold when Cardwell Township, Watt Township and Wood Townships, Port Carling and part of Monck Township were merged. Muskoka is governed by an elected Town Council consisting of a Mayor, District Councillors and Councillors representing each of the town's three wards. In addition, three Regional Councillors each represent a ward each; the Mayor and Councillors sit on the Muskoka County Council. The members of the elected council as of the 2018 municipal election are:Mayor: Phil Harding District & Township Councillors: Ward 1: Ruth-Ellen Nishikawa Ward 2: Allen Edwards Ward 3: Frank JaglowitzTownship Councillors: Ward 1: Donelda Hayes Ward 1: Glenn Zavitz Ward 2: Susan Mazan Ward 2: Gordon Roberts Ward 3: Barb Bridgeman Ward 3: Peter Kelley The township is located on Canadian Shield and thus is marked with outcrops of igneous rock and evergreen trees.
Although inland from both Lake Huron's Georgian Bay and Lake Simcoe, the township contains the Muskoka Lakes consisting of Lake Muskoka, Lake Rosseau and Lake Joseph, amongst many other smaller lakes. Protected areas in Muskoka Lakes include Hardy Lake Provincial Park and Torrance Barrens Conservation Area; the township contains the communities of Bala, Bala Park, Barlochan, Baysville, Bear Cave, Bent River, Cedar Village, Dee Bank, Dixon's Corners, Duffy, Echo Beach, Foot's Bay, Glen Orchard, Gull Rock, Inverness Lodge, Mendora, Milford Bay, Morinus, Mortimers Point, Park Beach, Port Carling, Port Keewaydin, Port Sandfield, Redwood, Rossclair, Rosseau Falls, Shannon Hall, Sunset Beach, Thorel House, Tomelin Bluffs, Ufford, Valley Green Beach, Walkers Point, Willow Beach, Windermere, Woodward Station and Ziska. Racial groups 97.1% White 2.0% Aboriginal 0.3% Chinese 0.2% Black 0.4% otherReligious groups 58.8% Protestant 17.4% Roman Catholic 2.0% other Christian 21.8% non-religion Timber was the greatest economic attraction for the region.
The soil is poor and rocky and is not suited to agriculture. As the resource industries dried up, the area soon embraced tourism as its economic base because of its proximity to Toronto and the rest of Southern Ontario. For many Ontarians, this is the centre of cottage country; the Muskoka Lakes Township Public Libraries offer research and cultural resources to local residents. James Bartleman and diplomat Viola R. MacMillan and miner YMCA Camp Pine Crest near Torrance List of townships in Ontario Tatley, Richard. Steamboating in Muskoka. Bracebridge, Ontario: Muskoka Litho, 1972. Official website
British Columbia is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains. With an estimated population of 5.016 million as of 2018, it is Canada's third-most populous province. The first British settlement in the area was Fort Victoria, established in 1843, which gave rise to the City of Victoria, at first the capital of the separate Colony of Vancouver Island. Subsequently, on the mainland, the Colony of British Columbia was founded by Richard Clement Moody and the Royal Engineers, Columbia Detachment, in response to the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush. Moody was Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for the Colony and the first Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia: he was hand-picked by the Colonial Office in London to transform British Columbia into the British Empire's "bulwark in the farthest west", "to found a second England on the shores of the Pacific". Moody selected the site for and founded the original capital of British Columbia, New Westminster, established the Cariboo Road and Stanley Park, designed the first version of the Coat of arms of British Columbia.
Port Moody is named after him. In 1866, Vancouver Island became part of the colony of British Columbia, Victoria became the united colony's capital. In 1871, British Columbia became the sixth province of Canada, its Latin motto is Splendor sine occasu. The capital of British Columbia remains Victoria, the fifteenth-largest metropolitan region in Canada, named for Queen Victoria, who ruled during the creation of the original colonies; the largest city is Vancouver, the third-largest metropolitan area in Canada, the largest in Western Canada, the second-largest in the Pacific Northwest. In October 2013, British Columbia had an estimated population of 4,606,371; the province is governed by the British Columbia New Democratic Party, led by John Horgan, in a minority government with the confidence and supply of the Green Party of British Columbia. Horgan became premier as a result of a no-confidence motion on June 29, 2017. British Columbia evolved from British possessions that were established in what is now British Columbia by 1871.
First Nations, the original inhabitants of the land, have a history of at least 10,000 years in the area. Today there are few treaties, the question of Aboriginal Title, long ignored, has become a legal and political question of frequent debate as a result of recent court actions. Notably, the Tsilhqot'in Nation has established Aboriginal title to a portion of their territory, as a result of the 2014 Supreme Court of Canada decision in Tsilhqot'in Nation v British Columbia; the province's name was chosen by Queen Victoria, when the Colony of British Columbia, i.e. "the Mainland", became a British colony in 1858. It refers to the Columbia District, the British name for the territory drained by the Columbia River, in southeastern British Columbia, the namesake of the pre-Oregon Treaty Columbia Department of the Hudson's Bay Company. Queen Victoria chose British Columbia to distinguish what was the British sector of the Columbia District from the United States, which became the Oregon Territory on August 8, 1848, as a result of the treaty.
The Columbia in the name British Columbia is derived from the name of the Columbia Rediviva, an American ship which lent its name to the Columbia River and the wider region. British Columbia is bordered to the west by the Pacific Ocean and the American state of Alaska, to the north by Yukon Territory and the Northwest Territories, to the east by the province of Alberta, to the south by the American states of Washington and Montana; the southern border of British Columbia was established by the 1846 Oregon Treaty, although its history is tied with lands as far south as California. British Columbia's land area is 944,735 square kilometres. British Columbia's rugged coastline stretches for more than 27,000 kilometres, includes deep, mountainous fjords and about 6,000 islands, most of which are uninhabited, it is the only province in Canada. British Columbia's capital is Victoria, located at the southeastern tip of Vancouver Island. Only a narrow strip of Vancouver Island, from Campbell River to Victoria, is populated.
Much of the western part of Vancouver Island and the rest of the coast is covered by temperate rainforest. The province's most populous city is Vancouver, at the confluence of the Fraser River and Georgia Strait, in the mainland's southwest corner. By land area, Abbotsford is the largest city. Vanderhoof is near the geographic centre of the province; the Coast Mountains and the Inside Passage's many inlets provide some of British Columbia's renowned and spectacular scenery, which forms the backdrop and context for a growing outdoor adventure and ecotourism industry. 75% of the province is mountainous. The province's mainland away from the coastal regions is somewhat moderated by the Pacific Ocean. Terrain ranges from dry inland forests and semi-arid valleys, to the range and canyon districts of the Central and Southern Interior, to boreal forest and subarctic prairie in the Northern Interior. High mountain regions both north and south subalpine climate; the Okanagan area, extending from Vernon to Osoyoos at the United States border, is one of several wine and cider-produci
Gravenhurst is a town in the Muskoka Region of Ontario, Canada. It is located 15 kilometres south of Bracebridge, Ontario; the mayor is Paisley Donaldson. The Town of Gravenhurst includes a large area of the District of Muskoka, known to Ontarians as "cottage country." The town centre borders on two lakes: Lake Muskoka, the largest lake in the region, Gull Lake, a smaller cottage-bordered lake. Another lake, Kahshe Lake, is situated 10 kilometres south of the town. Gravenhurst was first known as McCabes Landing and as Sawdust City. Gravenhurst was named by a postal official, reading Gravenhurst or Thoughts on Good and Evil, a treatise by William Smith. Gravenhurst's economic prosperity stemmed from the construction of a colonization road in the 1850s. Steamboating on the Muskoka lakes began in the 1860s; the town was located strategically at the northern terminus of the Toronto and Muskoka Junction Railway. The town is positioned as the "Gateway to Muskoka". Nearby Muldrew Lake was named after the lake's second cottager, Dr. William Hawthorne Muldrew or "The Gravydog" as he was called.
He was the principal of the first Gravenhurst high school in 1894. In 1901 he published a book called A Guide to Our Native Trees and Shrubs, it was the first book published on this subject in Ontario, the drawings were his own. All the different types of trees and shrubs of Muskoka could be seen at the school, as he transplanted many of the specimens from Muldrew Lake. In 1942 the Royal Norwegian Air Force moved their training camp from Toronto to Muskoka airfield near Gravenhurst; the Norwegians remained in Gravenhurst to the end of World War II in 1945. From 1940 to 1946 Gravenhurst was the site of Camp XX, the Gravenhurst Internment Camp, for Nazi Prisoners of War, known locally as "the Muskoka officers club". Before the war it was the Calydor Sanitarium. After the war it was turned into a TB sanitarium and became a kosher resort called The Gateway. Between 1940 and 1946 Gravenhurst was home to a German prisoner-of-war camp known as Camp 20; the camp is referred to as Camp Calydor and Muskoka Officer’s Club.
Many describe Camp 20 as a vacation for the prisoners of war. The camp had a swimming area fenced in on Lake Muskoka. By the end of the first summer, Camp 20 held 489 prisoners, they were taken around Gravenhurst to work on various projects. The prisoners of war built a set of stone steps leading down to the waterfront which can still be seen at Gull Lake Park today, they built a light house in the park. The camp had its own gardens where the prisoners would grow their own vegetables and they were able to smoke sausages from the local animals; some prisoners of war said that they became friends with the guards who sought to make the place as friendly as possible to avoid escapes. Many prisoners had the opportunity to work outside of the camp and lumber camps and received a small wage as well as access to the outside world. Through this access to the outside world many German prisoners of war had love affairs with the local girls. Ulrich Steinhilper, a German fighter ace who shot down five RAF airplanes during the Battle of Britain before himself being shot down, was one of the prisoners here.
Today, all that remains of Camp 20 is concrete pillars, a fire hydrant, the outline of a fence. There is an information kiosk at the end of Lorne Street where visitors can go to get more information on the camp; the Town of Gravenhurst includes these original townships from the 1800s: Wood Township Morrison Township Ryde Township Muskoka Township In the 2011 Census, Statistics Canada reported that the Town of Gravenhurst had a population of 11,640 living in 4,674 of its 7,757 total dwellings, a 5.4% change from its 2006 population of 11,046. Statistics Canada subsequently amended the 2011 census results to a population of 12,055 living in 4,845 of its 8,202 total dwellings, a 9.1% change from 2006. With a land area of 518.59 km2, it had a population density of 22.5670/km2 in 2011. In 2006, Gravenhurst's population was 95.6 % white, 2.4 % visible minorities. In the summer months, Gravenhurst has a population of 34,000 due to cottagers coming up to stay for the summer. Age Structure 0–14 years: 14.6% 15–64 years: 64.3% 65 years and over: 21.1% Gravenhurst declares itself the "Gateway to the Muskoka Lakes" and has a large gate bearing this message hanging over Muskoka District Road 169, the main road leading into town from Highway 11.
The gate was rebuilt in 2009 and stands again at the south end of town. It is the home port of the RMS Segwun, the oldest vessel powered by a working steam engine in North America; the Gravenhurst railway station along the Northlander line stopped passenger service in the Fall of 2012. Parts of the Queen Elizabeth II Wildlands Provincial Park and Torrance Barrens Conservation Reserve are in Gravenhurst; the Muskoka Wharf located in Lake Muskoka in Gravenhurst was completed in 2005. The project spreads across 89 acres. Before the new development was built, the wharf used to be used for lumber and boat building industries, it was the entry point to the lakes. Years ago, a train would arrive at the wharf three times a day with passengers coming to Muskoka looking to settle. Today, the wharf is full of retailers and restaurants like Boston Pizza and the Blue Willow Tea Shop; the wharf hosts a number of events in the summer including Pirate Fest and the Gravenhurst farmers’ market. There are condominiums and a Marriott hotel for those looking to spend some time in
Milton is a town in Southern Ontario and part of the Halton Region in the Greater Toronto Area. Between 2001 and 2011 Milton was the fastest growing municipality in Canada, with a 71.4% increase in population from 2001 to 2006 and another 56.5% increase from 2006 to 2011. In 2016, Milton's census population was 110,128 with an estimated growth to 228,000 by 2031. Milton is located 40 km west of Downtown Toronto on Highway 401, is the western terminus for the Milton line commuter train and bus corridor operated by GO Transit. Milton is on the edge of the Niagara Escarpment, a UNESCO world biosphere reserve and the Bruce Trail; the Mississaugas of the Credit held 648,000 acres of land north of the Head of the Lake Purchase lands and extending to the unceded territory of the Chippewa of Lakes Huron and Simcoe. In mid-October, 1818, the Chippewa ceded their land to the Crown in the Lake Simcoe-Nottawasaga Treaty and, by the end of October, the Crown sought to purchase the adjacent lands of the Mississaugas of the Credit.
The Deputy Superintendent of the Indian Department, William Claus, met with the Mississaugas from October 27–29, 1818, proposed that the Mississaugas sell their 648,000 acres of land in exchange for an annual amount of goods. The continuous inflow of settlers into their lands and fisheries had weakened the Mississaugas’ traditional economy and had left them in a state of impoverishment and a declining population. In their enfeebled state, Chief Ajetance, on behalf of the assembled people agreed to the sale of their lands for £522.10 of goods paid annually. Significant municipalities found within the lands of the Ajetance Purchase of 1818 include Brampton and Milton; the town took root out of a settlement by Jasper Martin along the Sixteen Mile Creek. Martin was granted 100 acres of land, from the Crown in 1820, designated Lot 14, Concession 2, Township of Trafalgar, Halton County, in the District of Gore. Martin created a pond, known as Mill Pond, to power his mill; the mill became the centre of settlement for others.
In 1837 the area had a population of 100 people and was named after the English poet John Milton. The town, as it is today, soon after became known as Milton; the two principal property owners of the young town were the Fosters. The current site of Milton's town hall was donated by Mr. Hugh Foster. By 1855, the United Counties of Halton and Wentworth split, Halton became a separate county, its council consisted of members representing the townships of Esquesing, Nassagaweya and Nelson, along with Acton, Milton and Oakville. Milton was named as the county town, a decision that created a lot of local controversy; the people in Oakville were upset because Oakville was an established place with a railway. Milton did not have a railway, according to historian John McDonald. For 25 years there was this great rivalry; every time county council tried to pass something to improve the Milton area, the Oakville councillors would balk at it. A man named Hugh Foster donated 4 acres of land to the county to construct its administration building in Milton, still in place on Mary Street today and now used as the Milton Town Hall.
Milton was incorporated after being chosen as county seat for Halton. By 1869, Milton had a population of 1,000. Records from 1874, indicate that Milton had county buildings, a telegraph office, a foundry, a tannery, a woolen factory, a grist mill and a saw mill, a weekly newspaper and a number of stores. In the early 1900s Milton was well known because of the P. L. Robertson Manufacturing Company, the first to make socket-head screws. Although formed in Hamilton in 1907, the business relocated to Milton in 1908. P. L. Robertson was the inventor of the square-socket drive for screws. In 1974, the present municipal structure was created when the Regional Municipality of Halton replaced Halton County; the new town of Milton added parts of the former township of Esquesing, all of Nassagaweya Township including the village of Campbellville, the northern sections of Trafalgar and Nelson from Oakville and Burlington respectively. With the addition of the Niagara Escarpment lands, tourism and heritage conservation have increased in importance.
The Halton Region Museum, which has a large number of historic agricultural buildings, the Halton County Radial Railway museum are located in Milton, as is Country Heritage Park. Five large parks operated by Conservation Halton reside in the town, Mohawk Raceway is located near Campbellville, it is home to Maplehurst Correctional Complex, the Vanier Centre for Women and one of two criminal courthouses serving Halton Region. On 1 January 2010, land was bought by the City of Mississauga and scaled down its border by 400 acres to Hwy. 407, affecting 25 residents. In 2015, the population numbers on all signs entering Milton increased to 100,000 based on official estimates by Town planners. According to the Canada 2016 Census there were 101,715 people living in Milton, its population in 2006 was 53,939, representing an increase of 56.5%. The 2016 Census counted 31,325 being occupied; the average population density per square kilometre was 2,520.3 persons. Age distribution indicated 32.5% of the population was 19 and younger, 59.1% of the population ages 20–64 and 8.4% 65 and older.
The average tota
Alberta is a western province of Canada. With an estimated population of 4,067,175 as of 2016 census, it is Canada's fourth most populous province and the most populous of Canada's three prairie provinces, its area is about 660,000 square kilometres. Alberta and its neighbour Saskatchewan were districts of the Northwest Territories until they were established as provinces on September 1, 1905; the premier has been Rachel Notley since May 2015. Alberta is bounded by the provinces of British Columbia to the west and Saskatchewan to the east, the Northwest Territories to the north, the U. S. state of Montana to the south. Alberta is one of three Canadian provinces and territories to border only a single U. S. state and one of only two landlocked provinces. It has a predominantly humid continental climate, with stark contrasts over a year. Alberta's capital, Edmonton, is near the geographic centre of the province and is the primary supply and service hub for Canada's crude oil, the Athabasca oil sands and other northern resource industries.
About 290 km south of the capital is the largest city in Alberta. Calgary and Edmonton centre Alberta's two census metropolitan areas, both of which have populations exceeding one million, while the province has 16 census agglomerations. Tourist destinations in the province include Banff, Drumheller, Sylvan Lake and Lake Louise. Alberta is named after the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria. Princess Louise was the wife of Marquess of Lorne, Governor General of Canada. Lake Louise and Mount Alberta were named in her honour. Alberta, with an area of 661,848 km2, is the fourth-largest province after Quebec and British Columbia. To the south, the province borders on the 49th parallel north, separating it from the U. S. state of Montana, while to the north the 60th parallel north divides it from the Northwest Territories. To the east, the 110th meridian west separates it from the province of Saskatchewan, while on the west its boundary with British Columbia follows the 120th meridian west south from the Northwest Territories at 60°N until it reaches the Continental Divide at the Rocky Mountains, from that point follows the line of peaks marking the Continental Divide in a southeasterly direction until it reaches the Montana border at 49°N.
The province extends 660 km east to west at its maximum width. Its highest point is 3,747 m at the summit of Mount Columbia in the Rocky Mountains along the southwest border while its lowest point is 152 m on the Slave River in Wood Buffalo National Park in the northeast. With the exception of the semi-arid steppe of the south-eastern section, the province has adequate water resources. There are numerous lakes used for swimming, fishing and a range of water sports. There are three large lakes, Lake Claire in Wood Buffalo National Park, Lesser Slave Lake, Lake Athabasca which lies in both Alberta and Saskatchewan; the longest river in the province is the Athabasca River which travels 1,538 km from the Columbia Icefield in the Rocky Mountains to Lake Athabasca. The largest river is the Peace River with an average flow of 2161 m3/s; the Peace River originates in the Rocky Mountains of northern British Columbia and flows through northern Alberta and into the Slave River, a tributary of the Mackenzie River.
Alberta's capital city, Edmonton, is located at about the geographic centre of the province. It is the most northerly major city in Canada, serves as a gateway and hub for resource development in northern Canada; the region, with its proximity to Canada's largest oil fields, has most of western Canada's oil refinery capacity. Calgary is about 280 km south of Edmonton and 240 km north of Montana, surrounded by extensive ranching country. 75% of the province's population lives in the Calgary–Edmonton Corridor. The land grant policy to the railroads served as a means to populate the province in its early years. Most of the northern half of the province is boreal forest, while the Rocky Mountains along the southwestern boundary are forested; the southern quarter of the province is prairie, ranging from shortgrass prairie in the southeastern corner to mixed grass prairie in an arc to the west and north of it. The central aspen parkland region extending in a broad arc between the prairies and the forests, from Calgary, north to Edmonton, east to Lloydminster, contains the most fertile soil in the province and most of the population.
Much of the unforested part of Alberta is given over either to grain or to dairy farming, with mixed farming more common in the north and centre, while ranching and irrigated agriculture predominate in the south. The Alberta badlands are located in southeastern Alberta, where the Red Deer River crosses the flat prairie and farmland, features deep canyons and striking landforms. Dinosaur Provincial Park, near Brooks, showcases the badlands terrain, desert flora, remnants from Alberta's past when dinosaurs roamed the lush landscape. Alberta has a humid continental climate with cold winters; the province is open to cold arctic weather systems from the north, which produce cold conditions in winter. As the fronts between the air masses shift north and south across Alberta, the temperature can change rapidly. Arctic
North Glengarry is a township in eastern Ontario, Canada, in the United Counties of Stormont and Glengarry. It is a predominantly rural area located between Ottawa-Gatineau and Cornwall; the township of North Glengarry was established on January 1, 1998, with the amalgamation of the former Townships of Kenyon and Lochiel, along with the Village of Maxville and the Town of Alexandria. The township of North Glengarry comprises a number of villages and hamlets, including the following communities: Kenyon Township: Apple Hill, Dunvegan, Maxville. Alexandria is served five or six times a day by the Montreal-Ottawa Via Rail trains which all stop there, in each direction. Commuter buses provide daily services from area to Ottawa-Gatineau. 60% francophones and 40% anglophones. The area was settled in 1792 as part of the historic Glengarry County in which many Scottish emigrants settled from all over the Scottish Highlands due to the Highland Clearances; this first wave of heavy migration lasted till 1816, emigration still continued afterwards into the early 20th century but in a slower pace.
Many of these migrants came from the Inverness-shire area of Scotland specifically. Canadian Gaelic / Scottish Gaelic has been a spoken language in the area for over four centuries. Kenyon, part of Charlottenburgh Township until 1798, was named for British judge and politician Lloyd Kenyon, 1st Baron Kenyon, Lochiel, part of Lancaster Township until 1818, was named for the Lochiels of Clan Cameron. Alexandria and its nucleus Priest's Mill, built in 1819, were named for the catholic priest Alexander Macdonell, who resided at St. Raphael's and became the first bishop of Kingston. Development in the region was spurred by the development of a railway link between Ottawa and Montreal in the early 1880s. Maxville and Glen Robertson, in particular, became key railway hubs for farmers in the area. Maxville was first incorporated as a village separate from Kenyon Township in 1892, Alexandria was separated from Lochiel Township in the early 1900s. Maxville hosts the annual Glengarry Highland Games, one of North America's largest festivals of Scottish culture, on the first long weekend in August.
The Glengarry Highland Games include traditional Scottish events such as the caber toss, tug of war, the sheaf toss. Maxville hosts a country fair at the end of June that include a classic and new automobile show, homecraft prizes, Western performances, a holstein show including 4-H showmanship, a hunter horse and hunter pony show, a talent show, a midway, laser tag and a demolition derby; the Alexandria Glens of the Central Canada Hockey League Tier 2 play out of the Glengarry Sports Palace in Alexandria. The Glens Join the CCHL2 new league in 2015; the Glens played in the Eastern Ontario Junior B Hockey League until 2014-15 Season. The Glens won the 2007 EOJBHL Championship; this marks the first time a team outside of the Metro Division of EOJBHL has won the Carson Trophy as league champions in over half a decade. This marks the Glens first Junior "B" Championship; the Glens won the 2008 EOJBHL Championship, defeating the Ottawa West Golden Knights in 6 games in the final. This marks the first time a team the St-Lawrence Division has won the Carson Trophy back to back as league champions.
This marks the Glens Second Junior "B" Championship. The Maxville Mustangs of the Eastern Ontario Junior C Hockey League used to play in Maxville. Transit Eastern Ontario operated under the authority of The North Glengarry Prescott Russell Transport Board List of townships in Ontario List of francophone communities in Ontario Township of North Glengarry